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Physiological psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444532/-an-across-scales-analysis-of-the-voice-self-concept-questionnaire-fess
#1
Manfred Nusseck, Bernhard Richter, Matthias Echternach, Claudia Spahn
BACKGROUND: The questionnaire for the assessment of the voice selfconcept (FESS) contains three sub-scales indicating the personal relation with the own voice. The scales address the relationship with one's own voice, the awareness of the use of one's own voice, and the perception of the connection between voice and emotional changes. A comprehensive approach across the three scales supporting a simplified interpretation of the results was still missing. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The FESS questionnaire was used in a sample of 536 German teachers...
February 14, 2018: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443533/the-effects-of-a-yoga-exercise-and-nutritional-guidance-program-on-pregnancy-outcomes-among-healthy-pregnant-japanese-women-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Masayo Matsuzaki, Momoko Kusaka, Takashi Sugimoto, Mie Shiraishi, Risa Kobayashi, Sachi Watanabe, Megumi Haruna
OBJECTIVES: This report provides an experimental protocol for a study designed to verify the effects of yoga exercise and a nutritional guidance program during pregnancy on several key pregnancy and birth outcomes among Japanese women. DESIGN: This is a study protocol of a randomized controlled trial. SETTING/LOCATION: This intervention will be carried out in a university hospital in Tokyo. SUBJECTS: Healthy primiparous women will be recruited at 18-23 gestational weeks in the hospital...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441838/in-your-face
#3
Johnathan Caleb Peterson, Carly Jacobs, John Hibbing, Kevin Smith
Research suggests that people can accurately predict the political affiliations of others using only information extracted from the face. It is less clear from this research, however, what particular facial physiological processes or features communicate such information. Using a model of emotion developed in psychology that treats emotional expressivity as an individual-level trait, this article provides a theoretical account of why emotional expressivity may provide reliable signals of political orientation, and it tests the theory in four empirical studies...
February 14, 2018: Politics and the Life Sciences: the Journal of the Association for Politics and the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441401/exercise-induced-fatigue-in-young-people-advances-and-future-perspectives
#4
REVIEW
Dimitrios A Patikas, Craig A Williams, Sébastien Ratel
PURPOSE: In recent decades, the interest for exercise-induced fatigue in youth has substantially increased, and the effects of growth on the peripheral (muscular) and central (neural) mechanisms underpinning differences in neuromuscular fatigue between healthy children and adults have been described more extensively. The purpose of this review is to retrieve, report, and analyse the findings of studies comparing neuromuscular fatigue between children and adults. Objective measures of the evaluation of the physiological mechanisms are discussed...
February 13, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440940/the-therapeutic-effectiveness-of-using-visual-art-modalities-with-the-bereaved-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Rachel E Weiskittle, Sandra E Gramling
Bereaved individuals are increasingly considered at risk for negative psychological and physiological outcomes. Visual art modalities are often incorporated into grief therapy interventions, and clinical application of art therapy techniques with the bereaved has been widely documented. Although clinicians and recipients of these interventions advocate for their helpfulness in adapting to bereavement, research investigating the efficacy of visual art modalities has produced equivocal results and has not yet been synthesized to establish empirical support across settings...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437224/perception-and-measurement-of-food-texture-solid-foods
#6
K Nishinari, Y Fang
There is still a gap between instrumental measurement and sensory evaluation because of the complexity of food texture in spite of many efforts. In sensory evaluation, the terms describing the texture should be well understood by panelists, which poses a problem of establishing lexicons and training panelists. In the instrumental measurement, more efforts are required to understand the large deformation and fracture behaviour of foods. The texture profile analysis (TPA) proposed by Alina Szczesniak, Malcolm Bourne and Sherman has been applied to many foods, and was useful to develop the understanding of textures...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Texture Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434169/different-patterns-in-abdominal-stab-wound-in-the-self-inflicted-and-assaulted-patients-an-observational-analysis-of-single-center-experience
#7
Takeshi Nishimura, Hiroyuki Sakata, Taihei Yamada, Mariko Terashima, Kunihiro Shirai, Isamu Yamada, Joji Kotani
Patterns of penetrating abdominal stab wounds (ASW) may be different according to the mechanism of injury. The purpose of this study was to review and characterize penetrating abdominal stab wounds in self-inflicted wound patients and assaulted patients. We retrospectively analyzed patients with ASW who were admitted to our emergency department from 2007 to 2015. The patients were divided into two groups: self-inflicted wound group and assaulted group. There were 46 stabbing cases in 45 different patients (25 males, 21 females; average age 47 y, range 21 to 85 y)...
July 20, 2017: Kobe Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433379/work-related-musculoskeletal-discomfort-among-heavy-truck-drivers
#8
Ramtin Nazerian, Orhan Korhan, Ehsan Shakeri
Heavy truck drivers are exposed to various psychological, psychosocial, and physiological factors, some of which can cause musculoskeletal discomfort in different body regions. PURPOSE: This study aims to investigate the correlation between different factors of musculoskeletal discomfort in heavy truck drivers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was applied. A total of 384 participants were interviewed by an updated version of the Nordic musculoskeletal questionnaire (NMQ)...
February 13, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433340/worry-and-rumination-do-they-prolong-physiological-and-affective-recovery-from-stress
#9
Lora Capobianco, Julie A Morris, Adrian Wells
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression have been linked to repetitive negative self-regulation styles in the form of worry and rumination respectively. Following predictions of the metacognitive model [Wells, A., & Matthews, G. (1994). Attention and emotion: A clinical perspective. Hove: Erlbaum], the current study compared the effect on recovery from stress of three strategies: worry, rumination, and distraction using a stress exposure paradigm. It was predicted that worry and/or rumination would be associated with delayed recovery on physiological and/or self-report indices when compared to distraction...
February 12, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430173/exploring-the-experiences-of-older-chinese-adults-with-comorbidities-including-diabetes-surmounting-these-challenges-in-order-to-live-a-normal-life
#10
Hsiu-Yu Ho, Mei-Hui Chen, Meei-Fang Lou
Background: Many people with diabetes have comorbidities, even multimorbidities, which have a far-reaching impact on the older adults, their family, and society. However, little is known of the experience of older adults living with comorbidities that include diabetes. Aim: The aim of this study was to explore the experience of older adults living with comorbidities including diabetes. Methods: A qualitative approach was employed. Data were collected from a selected field of 12 patients with diabetes mellitus in a medical center in northern Taiwan...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428834/uncensored-eeg-the-role-of-dc-potentials-in-neurobiology-of-the-brain
#11
REVIEW
Stjepana Kovac, Erwin-Josef Speckmann, Ali Gorji
Brain direct current (DC) potentials denote sustained shifts and slow deflections of cerebral potentials superimposed with conventional EEG waves and reflect alterations in the excitation level of the cerebral cortex and subcortical structures. Using galvanometers, such sustained displacement of the EEG baseline was recorded in the early days of electroencephalography. To stabilize the EEG baseline and eliminate artefacts, EEG was performed later by voltage amplifiers with high-pass filters that dismiss slow DC potentials...
February 8, 2018: Progress in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428703/the-contribution-of-total-and-free-iodothyronines-to-welfare-maintenance-and-management-stress-coping-in-ruminants-and-equines-physiological-ranges-and-reference-values
#12
REVIEW
Adriana Ferlazzo, Cristina Cravana, Esterina Fazio, Pietro Medica
In order to acquire a pattern of thyroid involvement in welfare maintenance in Ruminants and Equines, this review summarizes data concerning the reference values of total and free iodothyronines and their modifications in physiological conditions and in different management conditions (pregnancy, lactation, weaning, growth, isolation, restraint, shearing, confinement and transportation). Thyroidal and extrathyroidal tissues efficiently respond to management practices, giving a differentiated contribution to circulating iodothyronine changes...
February 2, 2018: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427892/how-health-behaviors-link-romantic-relationship-dysfunction-and-physical-health-across-20-years-for-middle-aged-and-older-adults
#13
Patricia N E Roberson, Rebecca L Shorter, Sarah Woods, Jacob Priest
RATIONALE: There has been substantial research linking marital quality to physical health outcomes; however, the mechanisms linking marital quality and physical health have been studied less extensively, especially with longitudinal data. Of the hypothesized mechanisms, only psychological distress (anxiety/depression) and physiological mechanisms (inflammation) have been tested and confirmed. Health behaviors such as diet, exercise, smoking, drinking, and sleeping have not previously been examined as mechanisms linking marital quality and physical health...
February 3, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427776/beta-estradiol-and-norepinephrine-treatment-of-differentiated-sh-sy5y-cells-enhances-tau-phosphorylation-at-ser396-and-ser262-via-ampk-but-not-mtor-signaling-pathway
#14
Shohreh Majd, Zohreh Majd, Simon Koblar, John Power
Hyperphosphorylation of tau is one of the main hallmarks for Alzheimer's disease (AD) and many other tauopathies. Norepinephrine (NE), a stress-related hormone 17-β-estradiol (E2) and thought to influence tau phosphorylation (p-tau) and AD pathology. The controversy around the impact of NE and E2 requires further clarification. Moreover, the combination effect of physiological and psychological stress and estrogen alteration during menopause, which affect p-tau, has not been addressed. Exposure to E2 is believed to reduce NE release, however, the link between these two hormones and AD at cellular level was also remained unknown...
February 7, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427583/a-gut-feeling-microbiome-brain-immune-interactions-modulate-social-and-affective-behaviors
#15
REVIEW
Kristyn E Sylvia, Gregory E Demas
The expression of a wide range of social and affective behaviors, including aggression and investigation, as well as anxiety- and depressive-like behaviors, involves interactions among many different physiological systems, including the neuroendocrine and immune systems. Recent work suggests that the gut microbiome may also play a critical role in modulating behavior and likely functions as an important integrator across physiological systems. Microbes within the gut may communicate with the brain via both neural and humoral pathways, providing numerous avenues of research in the area of the gut-brain axis...
February 13, 2018: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425375/impact-of-hypothermic-stress-during-special-operations-training-of-chilean-military-forces
#16
Claudio Nieto Jimenez, Jorge Cajigal Vargas, Vjera Sofia Triantafilo Vladilo, Jose Naranjo Orellana
Introduction: The Chilean Army considers processes that can optimize physical capacities for responding to the impact of situations and given stressors. The study of the effect of hypothermia as a stressor agent (HSA) and its relationship with cardiovascular, hematological, anthropometric, endocrine, and immunological parameters has not been fully addressed experimentally in military populations. Objective: To identify the endocrine, hematological, cardiovascular, and immunological changes caused by HSA and to associate these variables with body composition and physical fitness in the military special operation courses of the Chilean Army...
February 7, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422040/combined-diet-and-physical-activity-is-better-than-diet-or-physical-activity-alone-at-improving-health-outcomes-for-patients-in-new-zealand-s-primary-care-intervention
#17
Catherine Anne Elliot, Michael John Hamlin
BACKGROUND: A dearth of knowledge exists regarding how multiple health behavior changes made within an exercise prescription programme can improve health parameters. This study aimed to analyse the impact of changing diet and increasing exercise on health improvements among exercise prescription patients. METHODS: In 2016, a representative sample of all enroled New Zealand exercise prescription programme (Green Prescription) patients were surveyed (N = 1488, 29% male, 46% ≥ 60 yr)...
February 8, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420612/correlates-of-sexual-initiation-among-european-adolescents
#18
Pietro Gambadauro, Vladimir Carli, Gergö Hadlaczky, Marco Sarchiapone, Alan Apter, Judit Balazs, Raphaela Banzer, Julio Bobes, Romuald Brunner, Doina Cosman, Luca Farkas, Christian Haring, Christina W Hoven, Michael Kaess, Jean Pierre Kahn, Elaine McMahon, Vita Postuvan, Merike Sisask, Airi Värnik, Nusa Zadravec Sedivy, Danuta Wasserman
BACKGROUND: Sexuality is a physiological component of adolescent development, though early initiation is associated with reproductive health risk. This study aimed at identifying correlates and predictors of sexual initiation in a large multinational cohort of European adolescents. METHODS: A questionnaire addressing socio-demographics, behaviours, mental health and sexual activity, was delivered to 11,110 adolescents recruited from 168 randomly selected schools in 10 European countries between 2009 and 2011...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417917/disciplining-physiological-psychology-cinematographs-as-epistemic-devices-in-the-work-of-henri-bergson-and-charles-scott-sherrington
#19
Tom Quick
Argument This paper arrives at a normative position regarding the relevance of Henri Bergson's philosophy to historical enquiry. It does so via experimental historical analysis of the adaptation of cinematographic devices to physiological investigation. Bergson's philosophy accorded well with a mode of physiological psychology in which claims relating to mental and physiological existence interacted. Notably however, cinematograph-centered experimentation by British physiologists including Charles Scott Sherrington, as well as German-trained psychologists such as Hugo Münsterberg and Max Wertheimer, contributed to a cordoning-off of psychological from physiological questioning during the early twentieth century...
December 2017: Science in Context
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416077/prefrontal-cortex-modulates-the-correlations-between-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-level-serotonin-and-the-autonomic-nervous-system
#20
Wei Hung Chang, I Hui Lee, Mei Hung Chi, Shih-Hsien Lin, Kao Chin Chen, Po See Chen, Nan Tsing Chiu, Wei Jen Yao, Yen Kuang Yang
Top-down regulation in the human brain and anatomical connections between the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and specific catecholamine-related regions have been well-studied. However, the way in which the PFC modulates downstream neuro-networks in terms of serotonin and the autonomic nervous system (ANS) by variation in the level of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is still unclear. We recruited sixty-seven healthy subjects. Serotonin transporter (SERT) availability was examined by SPECT with [123I]ADAM analysis; heart rate variability (HRV) testing was performed, and the BDNF level was measured...
February 7, 2018: Scientific Reports
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