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Physiological psychology

Ida K Flink, Elke Smeets, Sofia Bergboma, Madelon L Peters
Background and purpose Dealing with chronic pain is difficult and affects physiological as well as psychological well-being. Patients with chronic pain are often reporting concurrent emotional problems such as low mood and depressive symptoms. Considering this, treatments need to involve strategies for improving mood and promoting well-being in this group of patients. With the rise of the positive psychology movement, relatively simple intervention strategies to increase positive feelings, cognitions, and behaviours have become available...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Erica Koegler, Caitlin Kennedy, Janvier Mrindi, Richard Bachunguye, Peter Winch, Paul Ramazani, Maphie Tosha Makambo, Nancy Glass
Solidarity groups were established in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo to provide female survivors of conflict-related sexual violence an opportunity to generate income, establish networks of support, and cope with atrocities. Qualitative data were collected from 12 members of solidarity groups to explore factors that contributed to members' mental health. All women identified some improvement (physiological, psychological, economic, or social) since joining the solidarity group, but none of the women were free from ailments...
June 1, 2018: Violence Against Women
Amy Tanner, Shannon Day
Given the limited research into the physiological and psychological demands of elite synchronised swimming, the aim of this study was to examine 10 elite female synchronised swimmers and analyse the relationship between training load, stress, illness episodes, and salivary biomarkers during a period of training and competition. Saliva samples were collected before (BASE), during an intensified training camp (CAMP), during an international competition period (COMP), and post competition recovery (REC) for analysis of cortisol, testosterone, and secretory immunoglobulin A (SIgA)...
September 1, 2017: Sports (Basel)
Mita Lovalekar, Marilyn A Sharp, Daniel C Billing, Jace R Drain, Bradley C Nindl, Edward J Zambraski
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to identify perceived priorities related to military personnel's health and physical performance, among attendees at the 4th International Congress on Soldiers' Physical Performance (ICSPP), and to determine if perceived priorities had changed between the 3rd ICSPP survey held in 2014 and the 4th ICSPP survey held in 2017. DESIGN: Electronic survey. METHODS: Respondents were asked to grade priority areas on a Likert scale, and average ratings were used to rank priority areas...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Christina Totzeck, Tobias Teismann, Stefan G Hofmann, Ruth von Brachel, Xiao Chi Zhang, Verena Pflug, J├╝rgen Margraf
BACKGROUND: Emotion regulation plays a critical role in the development and maintenance of psychological disorders. Less is known about the association of affective styles and psychopathology. The 20-item "Affective Style Questionnaire" (ASQ) has been validated in nonclinical samples. The American and German validation studies resulted in a three-factor structure (concealing, adjusting, and tolerating). The present study aimed to investigate three aspects: (1) the validation of the ASQ within a clinical sample, (2) the examination of possible differences in affective styles between patients suffering from affective versus anxiety disorders, and (3) the association of affective styles and anxiety, depression, and stress symptoms...
June 2, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Mary Yannakoulia, Eirini Mamalaki, Costas A Anastasiou, Niki Mourtzi, Irene Lambrinoudaki, Nikolaos Scarmeas
Nutrition is a modifiable factor affecting the quality of life and independence of older people. The physiological, psychological and social changes during aging affect their dietary choices. Many older adults have inadequate energy and protein intake. Carbohydrate intake and intake of total lipids, in terms of contribution to total energy intake, generally are within the recommended levels, but a decline in overall energy intake as well as the limited variety of micronutrient-dense foods that older people tend to consume result in an inadequate intake of several micronutrients...
August 2018: Maturitas
Wentian Lu, Hynek Pikhart, Amanda Sacker
Purpose of the Study: Few studies have recommended the essential domains of healthy aging and their relevant measurement to assess healthy aging comprehensively. This review is to fill the gap, by conducting a literature review of domains and measures of healthy aging in epidemiological studies. Design and Methods: A literature search was conducted up to March 31, 2017, supplemented by a search of references in all relevant articles in English. We made a final selection of 50 studies across 23 countries or regions...
April 20, 2018: Gerontologist
Lihui Pu, Wendy Moyle, Cindy Jones, Michael Todorovic
Background and Objectives: Social robots may promote the health of older adults by increasing their perceived emotional support and social interaction. This review aims to summarize the effectiveness of social robots on outcomes (psychological, physiological, quality of life, or medications) of older adults from randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Research Design and Methods: A mixed-method systematic review of RCTs meeting the study inclusion criteria was undertaken...
June 12, 2018: Gerontologist
Susan I Hopper, Sherrie L Murray, Lucille R Ferrara, Joanne K Singleton
What is the effectiveness of diaphragmatic breathing on physiological and psychological stress in adults?
June 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Enrique Soto-Perez-de-Celis, Daneng Li, Yuan Yuan, Yat Ming Lau, Arti Hurria
As the worldwide population ages, oncologists are often required to make difficult and complex decisions regarding the treatment of older people (aged 65 years and older) with cancer. Chronological age alone is often a poor indicator of the physiological and functional status of older adults, and thus should not be the main factor guiding treatment decisions in oncology. By contrast, a geriatric assessment can provide a much more comprehensive understanding of the functional and physiological age of an older person with cancer...
June 2018: Lancet Oncology
Cynthia J Price, Carole Hooven
Emotion regulation involves a coherent relationship with the self, specifically effective communication between body, mind, and feelings. Effective emotion regulation involves the ability to accurately detect and evaluate cues related to physiological reactions to stressful events, accompanied by appropriate regulation strategies that temper and influence the emotional response. There is compelling evidence demonstrating links between poor or disrupted awareness of sensory information, or interoceptive awareness, and difficulties with emotion regulation...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Erin T Carey, Janelle K Moulder
Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) programs are a multimodal approach to optimize the surgical experience. Intraoperative and postoperative pain management is essential because the stress of surgery results in significant neurohormonal and metabolic shifts that can influence patient analgesia. Enhanced recovery after surgery programs address the physiologic and psychological factors that contribute to pain outcomes and overall satisfaction scores. A multimodal approach to recovery throughout the perioperative surgical experience is representative of successful pathways...
June 6, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Mehedi Hasan, Alexander Kotov, April Idalski Carcone, Ming Dong, Sylvie Naar
The problem of analyzing temporally ordered sequences of observations generated by molecular, physiological or psychological processes to make predictions about the outcome of these processes arises in many domains of clinical informatics. In this paper, we focus on predicting the outcome of patient-provider communication sequences in the context of the clinical dialog. Specifically, we consider prediction of the motivational interview success (i.e. eliciting a particular type of patient behavioral response) based on an observed sequence of coded patient-provider communication exchanges as a sequence classification problem...
2018: AMIA Summits on Translational Science Proceedings
N Gao, K Fu, W He
Objective: To evaluate the quality of life (QOL) of patients who underwent resection of mandible and reconstruction by fibula flap. Methods: A total of seventy six patients who underwent resection of mandible and reconstruction by fibula flap admitted to The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2013 to August 2016 were prospectively analyzed. In the preoperative and postoperative 3 month, 12 months, the QOL of these patients were assessed by using the 14-item oral health impact profile questionnaires (OHIP), The University of Washington quality of life (UW-QOL) and the European organization for research and treatment of cancer quality of life questionnaire head and neck module (EORTC-QLQ-H&N)...
June 9, 2018: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
Bradley C Nindl, Daniel C Billing, Jace R Drain, Meaghan E Beckner, Julie Greeves, Herbert Groeller, Hilde K Teien, Samuele Marcora, Anthony Moffitt, Tara Reilly, Nigel A S Taylor, Andrew J Young, Karl E Friedl
Modern warfare operations often occur in volatile, uncertain, complex, and ambiguous (VUCA) environments accompanied by physical exertion, cognitive overload, sleep restriction and caloric deprivation. The increasingly fast-paced nature of these operations requires military personnel to demonstrate readiness and resiliency in the face of stressful environments to maintain optimal cognitive and physical performance necessary for success. Resiliency, the capacity to overcome the negative effects of setbacks and associated stress on performance, is a complex process involving not only an individual's physiology and psychology, but the influence of factors such as sex, environment, and training...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Xue-Ying Zhang, Gansukh Sukhchuluun, Ting-Bei Bo, Qing-Sheng Chi, Jun-Jie Yang, Bin Chen, Lei Zhang, De-Hua Wang
BACKGROUND: Huddling is highly evolved as a cooperative behavioral strategy for social mammals to maximize their fitness in harsh environments. Huddling behavior can change psychological and physiological responses. The coevolution of mammals with their microbial communities confers fitness benefits to both partners. The gut microbiome is a key regulator of host immune and metabolic functions. We hypothesized that huddling behavior altered energetics and thermoregulation by shaping caecal microbiota in small herbivores...
June 8, 2018: Microbiome
Katerina Pantavou, Spyridon Lykoudis, Marialena Nikolopoulou, Ioannis X Tsiros
The influence of physiological acclimatization and psychological adaptation on thermal perception is well documented and has revealed the importance of thermal experience and expectation in the evaluation of environmental stimuli. Seasonal patterns of thermal perception have been studied, and calibrated thermal indices' scales have been proposed to obtain meaningful interpretations of thermal sensation indices in different climate regions. The current work attempts to quantify the contribution of climate to the long-term thermal adaptation by examining the relationship between climate normal annual air temperature (1971-2000) and such climate-calibrated thermal indices' assessment scales...
June 7, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
Qian Zhang, Chuncao Xu, Shiqi Lin, Huanbin Zhou, Gangtao Yao, Hu Liu, Lili Wang, Xin Pan, Guilan Quan, Chuanbin Wu
Dissolving microneedles carried drug molecules can effectively penetrate the stratum corneum of skin to improve the transdermal drug delivery. The traditional Chinese medicine acupuncture is based on the needle stimulation at a specific location (acupoint) to generate and transmit biochemical and physiological signals which alter the pathophysiological state of patients. However, the pain associated with conventional acupuncture needles and the requirement of highly trained professionals limit the development of acupuncture in non-Asian countries...
May 2018: Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica. B
N A Roussel
Despite the high prevalence of recurrent, constant and/or widespread pain in patients with haemophilia (PwH), there is an immense lack of studies examining the (patho)physiology of pain in this population. This contrasts to the bulk of literature in other pain conditions, such as osteoarthritis, low back pain or rheumatoid arthritis. Understanding the complexity of pain allows to better assess and manage pain. In PwH, the first priority is always to exclude bleeding as a cause of pain. An important next step in pain assessment is the evaluation of the predominant pain mechanism (ie nociceptive, neuropathic pain or altered central pain processing) as the treatment approach will be very different according to the underlying pain mechanism...
May 2018: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
Charlotte J Stagg, Andrea Antal, Michael A Nitsche
Direct current stimulation is a neuromodulatory noninvasive brain stimulation tool, which was first introduced in animal and human experiments in the 1950s, and added to the standard arsenal of methods to alter brain physiology as well as psychological, motor, and behavioral processes and clinical symptoms in neurological and psychiatric diseases about 20 years ago. In contrast to other noninvasive brain stimulation tools, such as transcranial magnetic stimulation, it does not directly induce cerebral activity, but rather alters spontaneous brain activity and excitability by subthreshold modulation of neuronal membranes...
June 5, 2018: Journal of ECT
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