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Physiological psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023546/steroid-hormones-and-psychological-responses-to-soccer-matches-insights-from-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Maamer Slimani, Julien S Baker, Foued Cheour, Lee Taylor, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi
The present systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to assess the perturbations in hormonal and psychological homeostasis in response to soccer match-play. These perturbations were explored according to match outcome (i.e., win versus loss), gender, type of contest (i.e., competitive versus non-competitive fixtures) and competitive level (i.e., novice versus high-level). The review was conducted according to the Population/Intervention or Exposure/Comparison/Outcome(s) (PICO) criteria and the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022404/the-significance-of-breastfeeding-on-sleep-patterns-during-the-first-48%C3%A2-hours-postpartum-for-first-time-mothers
#2
O Hughes, M M Mohamad, P Doyle, G Burke
Postpartum women sleep less during the early days following delivery. Long-term sleep disturbance and fatigue can have significant implications for physical and mental health, relationships, employment and parental competence. Most studies focus on the quality and quantity of maternal sleep between weeks one and six postpartum. We explored sleep patterns and reasons for wakefulness of first-time mothers immediately following delivery. Thirty first-time mothers completed a postnatal sleep questionnaire, detailing their total sleep time (TST), the reasons for being awake and their level of fatigue...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021708/effects-of-ginseng-on-stress-related-depression-anxiety-and-the-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis
#3
REVIEW
Seungyeop Lee, Dong-Kwon Rhee
Ginseng effectively regulates the immune response and the hormonal changes due to stress, thus maintaining homeostasis. In addition to suppressing the occurrence of psychological diseases such as anxiety and depression, ginseng also prevents stress-associated physiological diseases. Recent findings have revealed that ginseng is involved in adjusting the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and controlling hormones, thus producing beneficial effects on the heart and brain, and in cases of bone diseases, as well as alleviating erectile dysfunction...
October 2017: Journal of Ginseng Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020649/neuroendocrine-stress-reactivity-of-male-c57bl-6n-mice-following-chronic-oral-corticosterone-exposure-during-adulthood-or-adolescence
#4
Ziasmin Shahanoor, Razia Sultana, Madelyn R Baker, Russell D Romeo
Adolescence is associated with the maturation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, the major neuroendocrine axis mediating the hormonal stress response. Adolescence is also a period in development marked by a variety of stress-related vulnerabilities, including psychological and physiological dysfunctions. Many of these vulnerabilities are accompanied by a disrupted HPA axis. In adult mice, a model of disrupted HPA function has been developed using oral chronic corticosterone administration via the drinking water, which results in various physiological and neurobehavioral abnormalities, including changes in stress reactivity and anxiety-like behaviors...
October 4, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018561/disturbed-eeg-sleep-paranoid-cognition-and-somatic-symptoms-identify-veterans-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#5
Harvey Moldofsky, Lorne Rothman, Robert Kleinman, Shawn G Rhind, J Donald Richardson
BACKGROUND: Chronic post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) behavioural symptoms and medically unexplainable somatic symptoms are reported to occur following the stressful experience of military combatants in war zones. AIMS: To determine the contribution of disordered EEG sleep physiology in those military combatants who have unexplainable physical symptoms and PTSD behavioural difficulties following war-zone exposure. METHOD: This case-controlled study compared 59 veterans with chronic sleep disturbance with 39 veterans with DSM-IV and clinician-administered PTSD Scale diagnosed PTSD who were unresponsive to pharmacological and psychological treatments...
November 2016: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018359/that-escalated-quickly-planning-to-ignore-rpe-can-backfire
#6
Maik Bieleke, Wanja Wolff
Ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) are routinely assessed in exercise science and RPE is substantially associated with physiological criterion measures. According to the psychobiological model of endurance, RPE is a central limiting factor in performance. While RPE is known to be affected by psychological manipulations, it remains to be examined whether RPE can be self-regulated during static muscular endurance exercises to enhance performance. In this experiment, we investigate the effectiveness of the widely used and recommended self-regulation strategy of if-then planning (i...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017960/upper-respiratory-tract-nociceptor-stimulation-and-stress-response-following-acute-and-repeated-cyfluthrin-inhalation-in-normal-and-pregnant-rats-physiological-rat-specific-adaptions-can-easily-be-misunderstood-as-adversities
#7
Juergen Pauluhn
This paper reviews the results from past regulatory and mechanistic inhalation studies in rats with the type II pyrethroid Cyfluthrin. Apart from many chemical irritants, Cyfluthrin was shown to be a neuroexcitatory agent without any inherent tissue-destructive or irritant property. Thus, any Cyfluthrin-induced neuroexcitatory afferent sensory stimulus from peripheral nociceptors in the upper respiratory tract is likely to be perceived as a transient stimulus triggering annoyance and/or avoidance by both rats and humans...
October 7, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017335/oxytocin-levels-in-community-collected-saliva-samples-transported-by-dry-versus-wet-ice
#8
Lois C Howland, Rita H Pickler, Brent A Sullenbarger, Cynthia D Connelly
Oxytocin (OT), a neuropeptide produced primarily in the hypothalamus, is associated with both critical physiological and psychological processes, particularly stress and feelings of affiliation. Increasingly, researchers are seeking ways to reliably incorporate OT as an outcome biomarker in clinical research. Previously, OT levels were measured in plasma or urine. Recently, researchers have measured this biomarker in saliva, particularly when conducting research in clinical and community settings. In spite of increased interest in the use of salivary OT in clinical research, procedures for handling, transport, and analysis of specimens vary...
January 1, 2017: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994516/the-implication-of-combat-stress-and-ptsd-trajectories-in-metabolic-syndrome-and-elevated-c-reactive-protein-levels-a-longitudinal-study
#9
Zahava Solomon, Yafit Levin, Einor Ben Assayag, Orit Furman, Shani Shenhar-Tsarfaty, Shlomo Berliner, Avi Ohry
OBJECTIVE: This study sheds light on the importance of long-term follow-up of trauma survivors, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) trajectories, and early detection of health risk factors in trauma survivors. The present study prospectively assessed the following over 23 years: (1) the association of psychological and physiologic stress during captivity with elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) levels and metabolic syndrome (MetS), which includes hypertension; elevated levels of insulin, triglycerides, and fasting glucose; decreased levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; and obesity and (2) the implication of PTSD trajectories in elevated CRP levels and MetS...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983802/low-energy-availability-in-athletes-a-review-of-prevalence-dietary-patterns-physiological-health-and-sports-performance
#10
REVIEW
Danielle Logue, Sharon M Madigan, Eamonn Delahunt, Mirjam Heinen, Sarah-Jane Mc Donnell, Clare A Corish
In a high-performance sports environment, athletes can present with low energy availability (LEA) for a variety of reasons, ranging from not consuming enough food for their specific energy requirements to disordered eating behaviors. Both male and female high-performance athletes are at risk of LEA. Longstanding LEA can cause unfavorable physiological and psychological outcomes which have the potential to impair an athlete's health and sports performance. This narrative review summarizes the prevalence of LEA and its associations with athlete health and sports performance...
October 5, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981919/mind-body-therapies-in-individuals-with-dementia-an-integrative-review
#11
Joel G Anderson, Carol E Rogers, Ann Bossen, Ingelin Testad, Karen M Rose
Mind-body therapies frequently derive from Eastern philosophies and are becoming increasingly popular. These therapies, such as meditation, yoga, tai chi, qigong, biofield therapies, and guided imagery, have many reported benefits for improving symptoms and physiological measures associated with various chronic diseases. However, clinical research data concerning the effectiveness of these practices in individuals with dementia have not been evaluated using a synthesis approach. Thus, an integrative review was conducted to evaluate studies examining the efficacy of mind-body therapies as supportive care modalities for management of symptoms experienced by individuals with dementia...
October 5, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979822/the-role-and-treatment-implications-of-peripheral-and-central-processing-of-pain-pruritus-and-nausea-in-heightened-somatic-awareness-a-review
#12
REVIEW
David R Spiegel, Alexander Pattison, Alexis Lyons, Umer Ansari, Aidan L Mccroskey, Eric Luehrs, Lauren Barr, Stephanie Le
Pain, pruritus, and nausea are complex sensory and emotional physiological symptoms that can vary widely between people and even within an individual, depending on the context and meaning of the symptom and the psychological state of the person. This article reviews the acute neural transmission of pain, pruritus, and nausea symptoms, which can begin in the periphery and/or viscera. The subsequent multiple pathways in the central nervous system that become involved in the processing of these symptoms are also discussed...
May 2017: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976398/-nursing-care-in-elderly-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease
#13
Nuray Enç, Havva Öz Alkan
Aging is a process that has biological, physiological, psychological, sociological and chronological dimensions and can be defined from different directions. The incidence of cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension, coronary heart disease, heart failure, dysrhythmia and heart valve diseases is increasing with age. Cardiovascular diseases are the most common cause of death in people over 65 years of age. It also causes serious health problems and poses a significant burden on the health care system. Nurses have important responsibilities in the care of the elderly patients with cardiovascular system disease...
September 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974188/-the-influence-of-media-consumption-during-early-childhood-on-media-use-and-psychological-disorders-in-adolescence
#14
Julius Grund, Wolfgang Schulz
The Influence of Media Consumption During Early Childhood on Media Use and Psychological Disorders in Adolescence There are many studies that suggest that there is a link between high media consumption and psychological, physiological and social disorders. Nevertheless, there are also inconsistent results, methodical limitations and a lack of longitudinal studies. The present study analyses habits of media consumption in children and adolescents, the influence of different early childhood risk factors on the use of the media in adolescence and the links between early childhood media consumption and disorders in adolescence...
October 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973425/effects-and-safety-of-mechanical-bathing-as-a-complementary-therapy-for-terminal-stage-cancer-patients-from-the-physiological-and-psychological-perspective-a-pilot-study
#15
Sawako Fujimoto, Yoko Iwawaki, Yukie Takishita, Yoko Yamamoto, Masako Murota, Saori Yoshioka, Azusa Hayano, Toyoshi Hosokawa, Ryuya Yamanaka
Objective: In palliative care hospitals in Japan, mechanical bathing is conducted to maintain cleanliness. However, the physiological and psychological influence of mechanical bathing on patients has not been sufficiently studied. The objective of this study was to assess, using physiological and psychological indices, the effects of mechanical bathing care for patients in the terminal stage of cancer. Methods: Mechanical bathing was performed using a Marine Court SB7000 in a supine or semi-seated position...
August 30, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971165/nocebo-and-pain-an-overview-of-the-psychoneurobiological-mechanisms
#16
Maxie Blasini, Nicole Corsi, Regine Klinger, Luana Colloca
INTRODUCTION: Nocebo effects are defined as adverse events related to negative expectations and learning processes that are involved in the modulation of the descending pain pathways. Research over the last couple of decades has illustrated that behavioral, psychoneurobiological and functional changes occur during nocebo-induced pain processing. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to review published human and non-human research on algesia and hyperalgesia resulting from negative expectations and nocebo effects...
March 2017: Pain Reports (Baltimore, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967374/the-role-of-catastrophising-in-rheumatic-diseases
#17
REVIEW
Sheera F Lerman, Jennifer A Haythornthwaite
Pain is a common and debilitating symptom of many rheumatic diseases. Decades of research have shown that psychological factors are critical in shaping the experience of acute and chronic pain. The current review focuses on pain catastrophising, a cognitive and emotional response to pain, and its implication for the assessment and treatment of individuals with rheumatic diseases. Catastrophising is one of the most salient psychosocial predictors of a host of pain-related outcomes including heightened disability and depression, increased use of opioids, reduced response to treatment and increased chance of long-term postoperative pain...
September 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966713/examining-the-impact-of-a-university-driven-exercise-programming-event-on-end-of-semester-stress-in-students
#18
Tessa L Koschel, John C Young, James W Navalta
Stress levels in university students peak during the final exam period. An inverse association exists between Physical Activity (PA) and poor mental health. UNLV has created Fitness4Finals (F4F), an event novel in its approach to academic stress reduction by incorporating both physical activity and mental relaxation. To our knowledge, a university-driven programming event aimed at reducing physiological and psychological stress among students approaching final exams had never been studied. Therefore, the aims of this research were to 1) examine the influence of F4F on physiological stress and perceived psychological stress (PPS) and 2) to examine the relationship between physiological stress and PPS...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964981/altered-appetitive-conditioning-in-overweight-and-obese-women
#19
Karolien van den Akker, Ghislaine Schyns, Anita Jansen
Overweight and obese individuals show increased psychological and physiological reactivity to food cues and many of them have difficulties in achieving long-term weight loss. The current study tests whether abnormalities in the learning and extinction of appetitive responses to food cues might be responsible for this. Overweight/obese and healthy weight women completed a differential appetitive conditioning task using food as rewards, while eating expectancies, eating desires, conditioned stimulus evaluations, salivation, and electrodermal responses were assessed during an acquisition and extinction phase...
September 22, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962853/a-minimal-dose-approach-to-resistance-training-for-the-older-adult-the-prophylactic-for-aging
#20
James P Fisher, James Steele, Paulo Gentil, Jürgen Giessing, Wayne L Westcott
A plethora of research has supported the numerous health benefits of resistance training as we age, including positive relationships between muscular strength, muscle mass and reduced all-cause mortality. As such, resistance training has been referred to as medicine. However, participation and adherence remains low, with time constraints and perceived difficulty often cited as barriers to resistance training. With this in mind, we aimed to summarise the benefits which might be obtained as a product of a minimal dose approach...
September 28, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
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