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Physiological psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231878/greek-medicine-practice-at-ancient-rome-the-physician-molecularist-asclepiades
#1
Luigi Santacroce, Lucrezia Bottalico, Ioannis Alexandros Charitos
Background: In the pre-Hellenistic period, the concept of medicine was not well-defined. Usually, a disease was considered as a divine punishment and its treatment was devolved to the priests who asked for healing from the divinities. The only job that could be compared to medical practice was a kind of itinerant medicine, derived from the Egyptian therapeutic tradition based only on practical experience and performed by people that knew a number of remedies, mostly vegetable, but without any theoretical bases about the possible mechanisms of action...
December 12, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230957/an-implementation-algorithm-to-improve-skin-to-skin-practice-in-the-first-hour-after-birth
#2
Kajsa Brimdyr, Karin Cadwell, Jeni Stevens, Yuki Takahashi
Evidence supporting the practice of skin-to-skin contact and breastfeeding soon after birth points to physiologic, social, and psychological benefits for both mother and baby. The 2009 revision of Step 4 of the WHO/UNICEF "Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding" elaborated on the practice of skin-to-skin contact between the mother and her newly born baby indicating that the practice should be "immediate" and "without separation" unless documented medically justifiable reasons for delayed contact or interruption exist...
December 12, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227709/a-review-study-on-the-beneficial-effects-of-baduanjin
#3
Liye Zou, Zhujun Pan, Albert Yeung, Saira Talwar, Chaoyi Wang, Yang Liu, Yankai Shu, Xiaoan Chen, Garrett Anthony Thomas
AIM: Baduanjin, a Chinese traditional Qigong exercise that focuses on a mind-body integration, is considered to be an effective exercise in promoting health. Thus, we systematically and critically evaluated the emerging literature relating to the effects of Baduanjin on health outcomes. METHODS: We used seven English-language electronic databases for the literature search. At least one health-related parameter was reported in retrievable full-text Baduanjin intervention studies...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225589/state-of-the-art-of-interpersonal-physiology-in-psychotherapy-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Johann R Kleinbub
Introduction: The fast expanding field of Interpersonal Physiology (IP) focuses on the study of co-ordination or synchronization dynamics between the physiological activities of two, or more, individuals. IP has been associated with various relational features (e.g., empathy, attachment security, rapport, closeness…) that overlap with desirable characteristics of clinical relationships, suggesting that the relevant studies might provide objective, economical, and theory-free techniques to investigate the clinical process...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224693/musculoskeletal-health-and-frailty
#5
REVIEW
Fiona E McGuigan, Patrik Bartosch, Kristina E Åkesson
Frailty is a consequence of advanced aging, where the frailty phenotype tries to capture overall decline in health. Frailty involves multiple physiological systems that are intrinsically inter-related and with highly complex interactions. Frailty is closely linked to musculoskeletal health; musculoskeletal functioning is a key component in quantifying frailty, while at the same time, frailty is associated with the most common age-related musculoskeletal conditions: osteoporosis, fractures, falls, osteoarthritis, and spinal conditions...
April 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223307/assessment-of-the-innate-immune-response-in-the-periparturient-cow
#6
REVIEW
Erminio Trevisi, Andrea Minuti
The transition period is the most critical phase in the life of high yielding dairy cows. Within a few weeks, cows are submitted to many challenges (physiological, nutritional, psychological, management) that require prompt and effective adaptive responses. The immune system is involved in this process, and many changes of the cow's immune system components have been observed around calving. Cows are considered to be immunosuppressed in late lactation, and available data suggest that the immune system is dysregulated around parturition...
December 5, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222500/long-term-outcomes-in-survivors-of-epidemic-influenza-a-h7n9-virus-infection
#7
Jiajia Chen, Jie Wu, Shaorui Hao, Meifang Yang, Xiaoqing Lu, Xiaoxiao Chen, Lanjuan Li
Patients who survive influenza A (H7N9) virus infection are at risk of physical and psychological complications of lung injury and multi-organ dysfunction. However, there were no prospectively individualized assessments of physiological, functional and quality-of-life measures after hospital discharge. The current study aims to assess the main determinants of functional disability of these patients during the follow-up. Fifty-six influenza A (H7N9) survivors were investigated during the 2-year after discharge from the hospital...
December 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221772/investigating-psychological-and-physiological-responses-to-the-trier-social-stress-test-in-young-adults-with-insomnia
#8
Ivy Y Chen, Denise C Jarrin, Hans Ivers, Charles M Morin
OBJECTIVE: Stress and hyperarousal both contribute to insomnia. Elevated stress-related sleep reactivity is associated with hyperarousal, and might constitute a vulnerability to future insomnia. The present study examined acute stress-induced arousal and its association with nocturnal sleep. METHODS: Participants were 30 healthy adults (66.7% female, Mage = 26.7 years): 10 with insomnia (INS) and 20 good sleepers with high vulnerability (HV) or low vulnerability (LV) to insomnia...
December 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221566/physiology-of-milk-secretion
#9
REVIEW
Sandrine Truchet, Edith Honvo-Houéto
Milk is a unique and complete nutritive source for the mammal neonate, also providing immune protection and developmental signals. Lactation is a complex process, proper to the mother and child dyad, and including numerous variables ranging from psychological aspects to the secretory functioning of the mammary epithelial cells, all contributing to a successful breastfeeding. This review gives an integrated overview of the physiology of lactation with a particular focus on cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in milk product secretion and their regulations...
August 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218711/defining-quality-of-care-during-childbirth-from-the-perspectives-of-nigerian-and-ugandan-women-a-qualitative-study
#10
Meghan A Bohren, Musibau A Titiloye, David Kyaddondo, Erin C Hunter, Olufemi T Oladapo, Özge Tunçalp, Josaphat Byamugisha, Akinpelu O Olutayo, Joshua P Vogel, A Metin Gülmezoglu, Bukola Fawole, Kidza Mugerwa
OBJECTIVE: To explore what "quality of care" means to childbearing women in Nigeria and Uganda, as a means of ensuring that women's voices and opinions are prioritized when developing interventions to improve quality in maternity care provision. METHODS: Qualitative methods, with a purposive sample of women in Nigeria and Uganda. Participants were asked to define quality of care and to provide examples of when it was and was not provided. Thematic analysis was used to synthesize findings based on an a priori framework (the WHO quality of care framework)...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218277/effect-of-multimedia-self-care-education-on-quality-of-life-in-burn-patients
#11
Fatemeh Mohaddes Ardebili, Tahereh Najafi Ghezeljeh, Mehri Bozorgnejad, Mohammadreza Zarei, Hooman Ghorbani, Farzad Manafi
BACKGROUND: Burn injuries can have adverse effects on quality of life of patients and can disturb their physiological, psychological, social and spiritual well-being. This study aimed to investigate the effect of multimedia self-care program on quality of life in burn patients. METHODS: This Randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted from November 2015 to December 2016. The samples were hospitalized burn patients with 10% to 45% of 1st, 2nd and 3rd degree burns of total body surface area (TBSA)...
September 2017: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217153/patterns-of-transition-experience-for-parents-going-home-from-hospital-with-their-infant-after-first-stage-surgery-for-complex-congenital-heart-disease
#12
Kerry L Gaskin
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore parents' experiences of one specific timepoint in their infant's journey: the transition from hospital to home, following the first stage of their infant's cardiac surgery for complex congenital heart disease. DESIGN AND METHODS: A prospective longitudinal mixed methods study, underpinned with Middle Range Transition Theory (Meleis, Sawyer, Im, Hilfinger Messias, & Schumacher, 2000). Face to face and telephone interviews were conducted and self-report forms completed by parents at four-time points: before discharge (T0), 2weeks after discharge (T1), 8weeks after discharge (T2) and after stage two surgery (T3)...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214922/the-design-and-rationale-of-an-interdisciplinary-non-prescriptive-and-health-at-every-size%C3%A2-based-clinical-trial-the-health-and-wellness-in-obesity-study
#13
Mariana D Ulian, Bruno Gualano, Fabiana B Benatti, Patricia Lopes de Campos-Ferraz, Desire Coelho, Odilon J Roble, Fernanda Sabatini, Isabel Perez, Luiz Aburad, Ana Jéssica Pinto, André Vessoni, Jhessica Campos Victor, Victoria Kupper Lima, Ramiro Fernandez Unsain, Priscila de Morais Sato, Marcelo Macedo Rogero, Tatiana Natasha Toporcov, Fernanda B Scagliusi
BACKGROUND: This manuscript describes the design and rationale of a clinical trial that aims to investigate the multiple physiological, attitudinal, nutritional, and behavioral effects of a new interdisciplinary intervention based on the Health at Every Size® (HAES®) approach in obese women. METHODS: This will be a prospective, 7-month, randomized (2:1), mixed-method clinical trial. Obese women will be recruited and randomly allocated into two groups. The intervention group (I-HAES®; proposed n = 40) will undertake a novel HAES®-based intervention...
December 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214150/the-physiocam-a-novel-non-contact-sensor-to-measure-heart-rate-variability-in-clinical-and-field-applications
#14
Maria I Davila, Gregory F Lewis, Stephen W Porges
Heart rate variability (HRV) is a reliable indicator of health status and a sensitive index of autonomic stress reactivity. Stress negatively affects physical and psychological wellness by decreasing cardiovascular health and reducing quality of life. Wearable sensors have made it possible to track HRV during daily activity, and recent advances in mobile technology have reduced the cost and difficulty of applying this powerful technique. Although advances have made sensors smaller and lighter, some burden on the subject remains...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213154/noise-level-in-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-in-santa-marta-colombia
#15
Angélica Patricia Garrido Galindo, Yiniva Camargo Caicedo, Andres M Velez-Pereira
Introduction: The environment of neonatal intensive care units is influenced by numerous sources of noise emission, which contribute to raise the noise levels, and may cause hearing impairment and other physiological and psychological changes on the newborn, as well as problems with care staff. Objective: To evaluate the level and sources of noise in the neonatal intensive care unit. Methods: Sampled for 20 consecutive days every 60 seconds in A-weighting curves and fast mode with a Type I sound level meter...
September 30, 2017: Colombia Médica: CM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213110/the-relationship-between-dlpfc-activity-during-unpredictable-threat-and-co2-induced-panic-symptoms
#16
Nicholas L Balderston, Jeffrey Liu, Roxann Roberson-Nay, Monique Ernst, Christian Grillon
Panic disorder is characterized by sudden, repeated, and unexpected attacks of intense fear and overwhelming anxiety about when another attack may strike. Patients with panic disorder and healthy individuals with a history of panic attacks show a hypersensitivity to unpredictable threats, suggesting a possible link between panic and sustained anxiety. The purpose of this study was to determine the degree to which induced symptoms of panic relate to fear and anxiety, as well as activity in the neural systems that mediate and regulate these affective states...
November 30, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209970/haze-and-health-impacts-in-asean-countries-a-systematic-review
#17
Logaraj Ramakreshnan, Nasrin Aghamohammadi, Chng Saun Fong, Awang Bulgiba, Rafdzah Ahmad Zaki, Li Ping Wong, Nik Meriam Sulaiman
Seasonal haze episodes and the associated inimical health impacts have become a regular crisis among the ASEAN countries. Even though many emerging experimental and epidemiological studies have documented the plausible health effects of the predominating toxic pollutants of haze, the consistency among the reported findings by these studies is poorly understood. By addressing such gap, this review aimed to critically highlight the evidence of physical and psychological health impacts of haze from the available literature in ASEAN countries...
December 5, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209423/the-physiological-effects-of-slow-breathing-in-the-healthy-human
#18
Marc A Russo, Danielle M Santarelli, Dean O'Rourke
Slow breathing practices have been adopted in the modern world across the globe due to their claimed health benefits. This has piqued the interest of researchers and clinicians who have initiated investigations into the physiological (and psychological) effects of slow breathing techniques and attempted to uncover the underlying mechanisms. The aim of this article is to provide a comprehensive overview of normal respiratory physiology and the documented physiological effects of slow breathing techniques according to research in healthy humans...
December 2017: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209234/altered-brain-functional-connectivity-in-betel-quid-dependent-chewers
#19
Xiaojun Huang, Weidan Pu, Haihong Liu, Xinmin Li, Andrew J Greenshaw, Serdar M Dursun, Zhimin Xue, Zhening Liu
Background: Betel quid (BQ) is a common psychoactive substance worldwide with particularly high usage in many Asian countries. This study aimed to explore the effect of BQ use on functional connectivity by comparing global functional brain networks and their subset between BQ chewers and healthy controls (HCs). Methods: Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was obtained from 24 betel quid-dependent (BQD) male chewers and 27 healthy male individuals on a 3...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205574/different-pre-scanning-instructions-induce-distinct-psychological-and-resting-brain-states-during-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#20
Toshikazu Kawagoe, Keiichi Onoda, Shuhei Yamaguchi
Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) is widely used to investigate functional brain network connectivity during rest or when the subject is not performing an explicit task. In the standard procedure, subjects are instructed to "let your mind wander" or "think of nothing." While these instructions appear appropriate to induce a "resting-state," they could induce distinct psychological and physiological states during the scan. In this study, we investigated whether different instructions affect mental state and functional connectivity (FC) (i...
December 4, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
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