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Pregnancy and low back pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930594/revision-surgery-after-pregnancy-in-a-patient-with-congenital-kyphoscoliosis-a-case-report
#1
Zhikun Li, Fei Wang, Wei Xu, Yifan Li, Xiaodong Zhu
RATIONALE: Rod breakage during pregnancy and delivery has never been described in a patient who has undergone surgery for congenital scoliosis (CS). Here, we present an unusual but significant case of revision surgery. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 29-year-old woman presented with low back pain during pregnancy after posterior osteotomy, correction and fusion at T9 to L5 for CS. Radiographs during follow-up, 4 months after the patient gave birth, demonstrated rod breakage...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802557/pregnancy-research-on-osteopathic-manipulation-optimizing-treatment-effects-the-promote-study-protocol
#2
Kendi L Hensel, Michael S Carnes, Scott T Stoll
The structural and physiologic changes in a woman's body during pregnancy can predispose pregnant women to low back pain and its associated disability, as well as to complications of pregnancy, labor, and delivery. Anecdotal and empirical evidence has indicated that osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) may be efficacious in improving pain and functionality in women who are pregnant. Based on that premise, the Pregnancy Research on Osteopathic Manipulation Optimizing Treatment Effects (PROMOTE) study was designed as a prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, and blinded clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy of an OMT protocol for pain during third-trimester pregnancy...
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785470/monitoring-of-spine-curvatures-and-posture-during-pregnancy-using-surface-topography-case-study-and-suggestion-of-method
#3
Jakub Michoński, Katarzyna Walesiak, Anna Pakuła, Wojciech Glinkowski, Robert Sitnik
BACKGROUND: Low back and pelvic pain is one of the most frequently reported disorders in pregnancy, however etiology and pathology of this problem have not been fully determined. The relationship between back pain experienced during pregnancy and posture remains unclear. It is challenging to measure reliably postural and spinal changes at the time of pregnancy, since most imaging studies cannot be used due to the radiation burden. 3D shape measurement, or surface topography (ST), systems designed for posture evaluation could potentially fill this void...
2016: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680325/effects-of-supervised-aerobic-and-strength-training-in-overweight-and-grade-i-obese-pregnant-women-on-maternal-and-foetal-health-markers-the-gestafit-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Virginia A Aparicio, Olga Ocón, Carmen Padilla-Vinuesa, Alberto Soriano-Maldonado, Lidia Romero-Gallardo, Milkana Borges-Cósic, Irene Coll-Risco, Pilar Ruiz-Cabello, Pedro Acosta-Manzano, Fernando Estévez-López, Inmaculada C Álvarez-Gallardo, Manuel Delgado-Fernández, Jonatan R Ruiz, Mireille N Van Poppel, Julio J Ochoa-Herrera
BACKGROUND: During pregnancy, a sedentary lifestyle may have negative consequences on maternal and foetal health status. The main objective of this project is to assess the effects of an exercise intervention in overweight and grade I obese pregnant on maternal and foetal health markers. METHODS/DESIGN: The present study aims to recruit 60 overweight and grade I obese women interested in participating in an exercise intervention program from the 17th gestational week until delivery...
September 29, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661020/the-effectiveness-of-complementary-manual-therapies-for-pregnancy-related-back-and-pelvic-pain-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#5
Helen Hall, Holger Cramer, Tobias Sundberg, Lesley Ward, Jon Adams, Craig Moore, David Sibbritt, Romy Lauche
BACKGROUND: Low back pain and pelvic girth pain are common in pregnancy and women commonly utilize complementary manual therapies such as massage, spinal manipulation, chiropractic, and osteopathy to manage their symptoms. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematically review was to critically appraise and synthesize the best available evidence regarding the effectiveness of manual therapies for managing pregnancy-related low back and pelvic pain. METHODS: Seven databases were searched from their inception until April 2015 for randomized controlled trials...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629132/posture-and-low-back-pain-during-pregnancy-3d-study
#6
Wojciech M Glinkowski, Paweł Tomasik, Katarzyna Walesiak, Michał Głuszak, Karolina Krawczak, Jakub Michoński, Anna Czyżewska, Agnieszka Żukowska, Robert Sitnik, Mirosław Wielgoś
OBJECTIVES: Back pain is a common complaint of pregnant women. The posture, curvatures of the spine and the center of gravity changes are considered as the mechanisms leading to pain. The study aimed to assess spinal curvatures and static postural characteristics with three-dimensional surface topography and search for relationships with the occurrence of back pain complaints among pregnant women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted from December 2012 to February 2014...
2016: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577956/abdominal-plasty-with-and-without-plication-effects-on-trunk-muscles-lung-function-and-self-rated-physical-function
#7
Sofia Wilhelmsson, Monika Fagevik Olsén, Trude Staalesen, Anna Elander, Malin Nygren-Bonnier
BACKGROUND: Weight loss after obesity and pregnancy is associated with excess abdominal skin and weakness of the abdominal wall, which is assumed to cause low back pain and reduce lung function. Today, abdominoplasty is the only known method to treat excess skin, and plication is used to improve aesthetics and function alone or in addition to surgery. There is lack of evidence concerning the surgery's effect on trunk muscles, lung function, and physical function. The aim was to evaluate the effect on trunk muscle endurance, lung function and self-rated physical function after abdominoplasty with and without muscle plication...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27502816/yoga-research-review
#8
REVIEW
Tiffany Field
This paper is a review of empirical studies, review and meta-analysis publications on yoga from the last few years. The review includes demographics/prevalence of yoga as a practice, bibliometric analyses of the yoga publications and the use of yoga for physical fitness and cognitive function. Most of the studies reviewed here involve yoga effects on psychiatric and medical conditions. These include pregnancy, prenatal and postpartum depression; stress, PTSD, anxiety, and obesity; cardiovascular conditions including hypertension; pain syndromes including arthritis, headaches and low back pain; autoimmune conditions including asthma, type II diabetes and multiple sclerosis; immune conditions including HIV and breast cancer; and aging problems including balance, osteoporosis and Parkinson's...
August 2016: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455103/american-osteopathic-association-guidelines-for-osteopathic-manipulative-treatment-omt-for-patients-with-low-back-pain
#9
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) is a distinctive modality commonly used by osteopathic physicians to complement conventional management of musculoskeletal disorders, including those that cause low back pain (LBP). Osteopathic manipulative treatment is defined in the Glossary of Osteopathic Terminology as "The therapeutic application of manually guided forces by an osteopathic physician (U.S. Usage) to improve physiologic function and/or support homeostasis that has been altered by somatic dysfunction...
August 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27406174/predictors-and-consequences-of-long-term-pregnancy-related-pelvic-girdle-pain-a-longitudinal-follow-up-study
#10
Helen Elden, Annelie Gutke, Gunilla Kjellby-Wendt, Monika Fagevik-Olsen, Hans-Christian Ostgaard
BACKGROUND: Pelvic girdle pain (PGP) is a multifactorial condition, which can be mentally and physically compromising both during and after pregnancy. However, long-term pregnancy-related PGP has been poorly investigated. This longitudinal follow-up study uniquely aimed to describe prevalence and predictors of PGP and its consequences on women's health and function up to 11 years after pregnancy. METHODS/DESIGN: A postal questionnaire was sent to 530 women who participated in 1 of 3 randomized controlled studies for PGP in pregnancy...
July 12, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27335145/the-effect-of-topical-rosa-damascena-rose-oil-on-pregnancy-related-low-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#11
Mahbobeh Shirazi, Safieh Mohebitabar, Sodabeh Bioos, Mir Saeed Yekaninejad, Roja Rahimi, Zahra Shahpiri, Farhad Malekshahi, Fatemeh Nejatbakhsh
The study aimed to assess the efficacy of topical rose oil in women with pregnancy-related low back pain. A randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted on 120 women with pregnancy-related low back pain. Patients were allocated to 3 parallel groups to receive topical rose oil (in the carrier of almond oil), placebo (carrier oil), or no intervention. All groups were followed for 4 weeks. All participants were evaluated by Visual Analog Scale and the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaires to assess the pain intensity and its impact on daily activities before and after the intervention...
January 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27330515/chiropractic-management-of-pregnancy-related-lumbopelvic-pain-a-case-study
#12
Maria Bernard, Peter Tuchin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case report is to describe chiropractic management of a patient with pregnancy-related lumbopelvic pain. CLINICAL FEATURES: A pregnant 35-year-old woman experienced insidious moderate to severe pregnancy-related lumbopelvic pain and leg pain at 32 weeks' gestation. Pain limited her endurance capacity for walking and sitting. Clinical testing revealed a left sacroiliac joint functional disturbance and myofascial trigger points reproducing back and leg pain...
June 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27310022/surgical-management-of-the-pregnant-patient-with-lumbar-disc-herniation-in-the-latter-stage-of-the-second-trimester
#13
Kazuo Hayakawa, Jun Mizutani, Nobuyuki Suzuki, Christopher Haas, Akira Kondo, Seiji Otsuka, Muneyoshi Fukuoka, Takanobu Otsuka
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. OBJECTIVES: To report on a pregnant woman successfully treated with micro-endoscopic discectomy in the left lateral position under general anesthesia at 24 weeks gestation. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Treatment for lumbar disc herniation in pregnant women poses a particular challenge due to the complexity of the clinical situation. Review of the literature emphasizes timely diagnosis with adequate management specific for each gestational period...
June 15, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27273901/trajectories-of-low-back-pain-from-adolescence-to-young-adulthood
#14
Pieter Coenen, Anne Smith, Markus Paananen, Prof Peter O'Sullivan, Darren Beales, Prof Leon Straker
OBJECTIVE: Despite its high prevalence and burden, understanding of the course of disabling low-back pain (LBP) during the transition from adolescence to adulthood is limited. The aim of this study was to identify and describe trajectories of LBP and its impact among a general population sample followed from adolescence to young adulthood. METHODS: Data from follow-up assessments at years 17, 20 and 22 of the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study were used (n=1,249)...
June 6, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27261985/osteopathic-manipulative-treatment-in-gynecology-and-obstetrics-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Nuria Ruffini, Giandomenico D'Alessandro, Lucia Cardinali, Franco Frondaroli, Francesco Cerritelli
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the review was to evaluate the effects of the osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) on women with gynaecological and obstetric disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An extensive search from inception to April 2014 was conducted on MEDLINE, Embase, the Cochrane library using MeSH and free terms. Clinical studies investigating the effect of OMT in gynaecologic and obstetric conditions were included as well as unpublished works. Reviews and personal contributions were excluded...
June 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27220735/-low-back-pain-during-pregnancy
#16
Maria Emília Coelho Costa Carvalho, Luciana Cavalcanti Lima, Cristovam Alves de Lira Terceiro, Deyvid Ravy Lacerda Pinto, Marcelo Neves Silva, Gustavo Araújo Cozer, Tania Cursino de Menezes Couceiro
OBJECTIVE: Low back pain is a common complaint among pregnant women. It is estimated that about 50% of pregnant women complain of some form of back pain at some point in pregnancy or during the postpartum period. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of low back pain during pregnancy and its characteristics. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with low-risk pregnant women. After approval by the Human Research Ethics Committee and receiving written informed consent, we included pregnant women over 18 years of age and excluded those with psychiatric disorders, previous lumbar pathologies, and receiving treatment for low back pain...
May 21, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27217231/women-s-experience-of-low-back-and-or-pelvic-pain-lbpp-during-pregnancy
#17
Ciara Close, Marlene Sinclair, Dianne Liddle, Julie Mc Cullough, Ciara Hughes
OBJECTIVE: to explore the experiences of women suffering low back and/or pelvic pain during pregnancy. DESIGN: a qualitative design using focus groups. Each group was recorded with a digital audio recorder and analysed using the Newell and Burnard framework for thematic analysis. SETTING: an urban maternity hospital. PARTICIPANTS: a self-selecting sample of 14 women who had taken part in a pilot randomised controlled trial investigating reflexology for pregnancyrelated low back and / or pelvic pain...
June 2016: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27157173/exercises-for-women-with-persistent-pelvic-and-low-back-pain-after-pregnancy
#18
Monica Unsgaard-Tøndel, Ottar Vasseljen, Astrid Woodhouse, Siv Morkved
BACKGROUND: Specific stabilizing exercises activating deep local muscles in coordination with global muscles are recommended in the treatment of pregnancy-related lumbopelvic pain. Some studies have suggested that recruitment of the deepest abdominal muscle, transversus abdominis, is crucial in the development and improvement of lumbopelvic pain. OBJECTIVE: This exploratory study aimed to describe the development of pain, disability and transversus abdominis recruitment before, during and after an individually designed intervention including an exercise program for women with persisting lumbopelvic pain after delivery...
September 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27152528/yoga-in-pregnancy
#19
Shilpa Babbar, Jaye Shyken
Yoga is a mind-body practice that encompasses a system of postures (asana), deep breathing (pranayama), and meditation. Over 36 million Americans practice yoga of which the majority are reproductive-aged women. Literature to support this practice is limited, albeit on the rise. A prenatal yoga practice has been shown to benefit women who suffer from anxiety, depression, stress, low back pain, and sleep disturbances. A small number of studies have been performed in high-risk pregnancies that also demonstrate an improvement in outcomes...
September 2016: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27138281/postpartum-sacral-stress-fracture-a-case-report
#20
Nadeen Hilal, Anwar H Nassar
BACKGROUND: Stress fractures are classified as insufficiency and fatigue fractures. Insufficiency fractures occur when normal stresses are placed on bone with decreased mineralization and elastic resistance; whereas fatigue fractures occur when abnormal forces are applied to normal bone. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of postpartum bilateral sacral fracture in the absence of documented osteoporosis in a 30 year old Lebanese female, thus satisfying the classification of fatigue fractures...
2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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