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Pregnancy and low back pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410762/ultrasound-assessment-of-abdominal-muscle-thickness-in-women-with-and-without-low-back-pain-during-pregnancy
#1
Carol Ann Weis, Jennifer Nash, John J Triano, Jon Barrett
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this preliminary study was to determine the differences in abdominal musculature thickness, within 1 month of delivery, in women who experienced back pain during pregnancy compared with those who did not. METHODS: B-mode ultrasound imaging was used to measure abdominal muscle thickness on 76 postpartum participants who participated in a larger study; 47 women experienced back pain during pregnancy, and 29 did not. Participant data were stratified by group, and primary comparisons were based on these grouping across the abdominal muscles, including rectus abdominis (upper and lower fibers), external oblique, internal oblique, and transversus abdominis...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379575/no-transfer-of-pressure-to-adjacent-discs-during-human-low-pressure-controlled-discography-a-prospective-clinical-study
#2
Jan Willem Kallewaard, José W Geurts, Michel Terheggen, Chris Terwiel, Alfons Kessels, Maarten van Kleef, Paul C Willems
Background. : A substantial part of low back pain (LBP) originates from degeneration of the intervertebral disc. To confirm the diagnosis of discogenic pain, provocation discography seems the best available tool. However, provocation discography is also considered to be a controversial and subjective test because the patient's personal pain response is the most crucial for the result of the test. Recently, an in vivo porcine study and a study in nine human subjects showed passing of pressure to the adjacent discs during discography...
April 1, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368984/degenerative-spondylolisthesis-is-related-to-multiparity-and-hysterectomies-in-older-women
#3
Jacek Cholewicki, Angela S Lee, John M Popovich, Lawrence W Mysliwiec, Michael D Winkelpleck, John N Flood, Pramod K Pathak, Kiilani H Kaaikala, N Peter Reeves, Ralph Kothe
STUDY DESIGN: A case-control study OBJECTIVE.: To determine whether parity and abdominal surgeries are associated with degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: DS is considered to be a major cause of low back pain (LBP) in the older population, with greater prevalence of DS among women. Because LBP and impaired abdominal muscle function are common during pregnancy and post-partum, parity-related abdominal muscle deficiency, resulting in poor spinal mechanics, could be a factor in the development of DS in women...
March 31, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328249/-prevalence-potential-risk-factors-and-sequelae-of-diastasis-recti-abdominis
#4
Stefánia Gitta, Zoltán Magyar, Péter Tardi, Istvánné Füge, Melinda Járomi, Pongrác Ács, János Garai, József Bódis, Márta Hock
INTRODUCTION: There is scant knowledge on diastasis recti which occurs mostly in 3rd trimester of pregnancy. AIM: Our aim was to assign the prevalence of diastasis recti and the possible risk factors and to investigate its association with some chronical diseases, like low back pain and urinary incontinence. METHOD: 200 women's interrectus distance was measured who filled out a self-made diastasis recti questionnaire, the SF-36, Oswestry Disability Index and the International Consultation on Incontinence Modular Questionnaire - Urinary Incontinence Short Form questionnaires...
March 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302455/physical-activity-and-yoga-based-approaches-for-pregnancy-related-low-back-and-pelvic-pain
#5
REVIEW
Patricia Anne Kinser, Jena Pauli, Nancy Jallo, Mary Shall, Kailee Karst, Michelle Hoekstra, Angela Starkweather
OBJECTIVE: To conduct an integrative review to evaluate current literature about nonpharmacologic, easily accessible management strategies for pregnancy-related low back and pelvic pain (PR-LBPP). DATA SOURCES: PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. STUDY SELECTION: Original research articles were considered for review if they were full-length publications written in English and published in peer-reviewed journals from 2005 through 2015, included measures of pain and symptoms related to PR-LBPP, and evaluated treatment modalities that used a physical exercise- or yoga-based approach for the described conditions...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228791/two-cases-of-pregnancy-and-lactation-associated-osteoporosis-successfully-treated-with-denosumab
#6
Ariel Sánchez, María Belén Zanchetta, Karina Danilowicz
Case 1. A 35-year-old woman in the 8(th) month of her first pregnancy suffered acute lumbar pain that persisted for 4 months. In the 5(th) month postpartum an acute increase in the low back pain led to a MRI which showed recent deformity in L1 and deformities of undetermined time of evolution in L2, L4, and L5. Laboratory evaluation did not reveal metabolic derangements. She had low bone mineral density (BMD, DXA) and severe deterioration of the microarchitecture of distal appendicular bone (HR-pQCT). Kyphoplasty of all 4 vertebrae was performed in 2 stages, and treatment with subcutaneous denosumab, 60 mg every 6 months, was begun...
September 2016: Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035911/low-back-pain-during-pregnancy-and-kinesio-tape-application
#7
Aycan Çakmak Reyhan, Elif Elçin Dereli, Tuğba Kuru Çolak
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Low back pain is a common problem during pregnancy. Although the pain usually occurs in the third trimester, it might be seen in the first trimester, too. There are various types of applications for the treatment of low back pain during pregnancy. However, there is a lack of evidence for the effectiveness of each method. If there is not an obvious deficit, bed rest, exercise, conventional physiotherapy, using protective principles for the lumbar area are recommended, since the main and the only complaint is low back pain...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27971725/cost-effectiveness-of-acupuncture-versus-standard-care-for-pelvic-and-low-back-pain-in-pregnancy-an-analysis-of-the-game-randomized-trial
#8
T Butel, S Nicolian, M Durand, A Filipovic-Pierucci, M Kone, L Gambotti, A Mallet, Durand-Zaleski, M Dommergues
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965887/evaluating-acupuncture-and-standard-care-for-pregnant-women-with-back-pain-the-ease-back-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial-isrctn49955124
#9
Annette Bishop, Reuben Ogollah, Bernadette Bartlam, Panos Barlas, Melanie A Holden, Khaled M Ismail, Sue Jowett, Martyn Lewis, Alison Lloyd, Christine Kettle, Jesse Kigozi, Nadine E Foster
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) and pelvic girdle pain (PGP) during pregnancy are common and often accepted as a 'normal' part of pregnancy. Many women receive little in the way of treatment, and yet pain interferes with sleep, daily activities and work and leads to increasing requests for induction of labour or elective caesarean section. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of a full RCT evaluating the benefit of acupuncture for pregnancy-related back pain. METHODS: This study is a single-centre, three-arm pilot RCT in one large maternity unit and associated antenatal and physiotherapy clinics...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930594/revision-surgery-after-pregnancy-in-a-patient-with-congenital-kyphoscoliosis-a-case-report
#10
Zhikun Li, Fei Wang, Wei Xu, Yifan Li, Xiaodong Zhu
RATIONALE: Rod breakage during pregnancy and delivery has never been described in a patient who has undergone surgery for congenital scoliosis (CS). Here, we present an unusual but significant case of revision surgery. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 29-year-old woman presented with low back pain during pregnancy after posterior osteotomy, correction and fusion at T9 to L5 for CS. Radiographs during follow-up, 4 months after the patient gave birth, demonstrated rod breakage...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802557/pregnancy-research-on-osteopathic-manipulation-optimizing-treatment-effects-the-promote-study-protocol
#11
Kendi L Hensel, Michael S Carnes, Scott T Stoll
The structural and physiologic changes in a woman's body during pregnancy can predispose pregnant women to low back pain and its associated disability, as well as to complications of pregnancy, labor, and delivery. Anecdotal and empirical evidence has indicated that osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) may be efficacious in improving pain and functionality in women who are pregnant. Based on that premise, the Pregnancy Research on Osteopathic Manipulation Optimizing Treatment Effects (PROMOTE) study was designed as a prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, and blinded clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy of an OMT protocol for pain during third-trimester pregnancy...
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785470/monitoring-of-spine-curvatures-and-posture-during-pregnancy-using-surface-topography-case-study-and-suggestion-of-method
#12
Jakub Michoński, Katarzyna Walesiak, Anna Pakuła, Wojciech Glinkowski, Robert Sitnik
BACKGROUND: Low back and pelvic pain is one of the most frequently reported disorders in pregnancy, however etiology and pathology of this problem have not been fully determined. The relationship between back pain experienced during pregnancy and posture remains unclear. It is challenging to measure reliably postural and spinal changes at the time of pregnancy, since most imaging studies cannot be used due to the radiation burden. 3D shape measurement, or surface topography (ST), systems designed for posture evaluation could potentially fill this void...
2016: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680325/effects-of-supervised-aerobic-and-strength-training-in-overweight-and-grade-i-obese-pregnant-women-on-maternal-and-foetal-health-markers-the-gestafit-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Virginia A Aparicio, Olga Ocón, Carmen Padilla-Vinuesa, Alberto Soriano-Maldonado, Lidia Romero-Gallardo, Milkana Borges-Cósic, Irene Coll-Risco, Pilar Ruiz-Cabello, Pedro Acosta-Manzano, Fernando Estévez-López, Inmaculada C Álvarez-Gallardo, Manuel Delgado-Fernández, Jonatan R Ruiz, Mireille N Van Poppel, Julio J Ochoa-Herrera
BACKGROUND: During pregnancy, a sedentary lifestyle may have negative consequences on maternal and foetal health status. The main objective of this project is to assess the effects of an exercise intervention in overweight and grade I obese pregnant on maternal and foetal health markers. METHODS/DESIGN: The present study aims to recruit 60 overweight and grade I obese women interested in participating in an exercise intervention program from the 17th gestational week until delivery...
September 29, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661020/the-effectiveness-of-complementary-manual-therapies-for-pregnancy-related-back-and-pelvic-pain-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Helen Hall, Holger Cramer, Tobias Sundberg, Lesley Ward, Jon Adams, Craig Moore, David Sibbritt, Romy Lauche
BACKGROUND: Low back pain and pelvic girth pain are common in pregnancy and women commonly utilize complementary manual therapies such as massage, spinal manipulation, chiropractic, and osteopathy to manage their symptoms. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematically review was to critically appraise and synthesize the best available evidence regarding the effectiveness of manual therapies for managing pregnancy-related low back and pelvic pain. METHODS: Seven databases were searched from their inception until April 2015 for randomized controlled trials...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629132/posture-and-low-back-pain-during-pregnancy-3d-study
#15
Wojciech M Glinkowski, Paweł Tomasik, Katarzyna Walesiak, Michał Głuszak, Karolina Krawczak, Jakub Michoński, Anna Czyżewska, Agnieszka Żukowska, Robert Sitnik, Mirosław Wielgoś
OBJECTIVES: Back pain is a common complaint of pregnant women. The posture, curvatures of the spine and the center of gravity changes are considered as the mechanisms leading to pain. The study aimed to assess spinal curvatures and static postural characteristics with three-dimensional surface topography and search for relationships with the occurrence of back pain complaints among pregnant women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted from December 2012 to February 2014...
2016: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577956/abdominal-plasty-with-and-without-plication-effects-on-trunk-muscles-lung-function-and-self-rated-physical-function
#16
Sofia Wilhelmsson, Monika Fagevik Olsén, Trude Staalesen, Anna Elander, Malin Nygren-Bonnier
BACKGROUND: Weight loss after obesity and pregnancy is associated with excess abdominal skin and weakness of the abdominal wall, which is assumed to cause low back pain and reduce lung function. Today, abdominoplasty is the only known method to treat excess skin, and plication is used to improve aesthetics and function alone or in addition to surgery. There is lack of evidence concerning the surgery's effect on trunk muscles, lung function, and physical function. The aim was to evaluate the effect on trunk muscle endurance, lung function and self-rated physical function after abdominoplasty with and without muscle plication...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27502816/yoga-research-review
#17
REVIEW
Tiffany Field
This paper is a review of empirical studies, review and meta-analysis publications on yoga from the last few years. The review includes demographics/prevalence of yoga as a practice, bibliometric analyses of the yoga publications and the use of yoga for physical fitness and cognitive function. Most of the studies reviewed here involve yoga effects on psychiatric and medical conditions. These include pregnancy, prenatal and postpartum depression; stress, PTSD, anxiety, and obesity; cardiovascular conditions including hypertension; pain syndromes including arthritis, headaches and low back pain; autoimmune conditions including asthma, type II diabetes and multiple sclerosis; immune conditions including HIV and breast cancer; and aging problems including balance, osteoporosis and Parkinson's...
August 2016: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455103/american-osteopathic-association-guidelines-for-osteopathic-manipulative-treatment-omt-for-patients-with-low-back-pain
#18
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) is a distinctive modality commonly used by osteopathic physicians to complement conventional management of musculoskeletal disorders, including those that cause low back pain (LBP). Osteopathic manipulative treatment is defined in the Glossary of Osteopathic Terminology as "The therapeutic application of manually guided forces by an osteopathic physician (U.S. Usage) to improve physiologic function and/or support homeostasis that has been altered by somatic dysfunction...
August 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27406174/predictors-and-consequences-of-long-term-pregnancy-related-pelvic-girdle-pain-a-longitudinal-follow-up-study
#19
Helen Elden, Annelie Gutke, Gunilla Kjellby-Wendt, Monika Fagevik-Olsen, Hans-Christian Ostgaard
BACKGROUND: Pelvic girdle pain (PGP) is a multifactorial condition, which can be mentally and physically compromising both during and after pregnancy. However, long-term pregnancy-related PGP has been poorly investigated. This longitudinal follow-up study uniquely aimed to describe prevalence and predictors of PGP and its consequences on women's health and function up to 11 years after pregnancy. METHODS/DESIGN: A postal questionnaire was sent to 530 women who participated in 1 of 3 randomized controlled studies for PGP in pregnancy...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27335145/the-effect-of-topical-rosa-damascena-rose-oil-on-pregnancy-related-low-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#20
Mahbobeh Shirazi, Safieh Mohebitabar, Sodabeh Bioos, Mir Saeed Yekaninejad, Roja Rahimi, Zahra Shahpiri, Farhad Malekshahi, Fatemeh Nejatbakhsh
The study aimed to assess the efficacy of topical rose oil in women with pregnancy-related low back pain. A randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted on 120 women with pregnancy-related low back pain. Patients were allocated to 3 parallel groups to receive topical rose oil (in the carrier of almond oil), placebo (carrier oil), or no intervention. All groups were followed for 4 weeks. All participants were evaluated by Visual Analog Scale and the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaires to assess the pain intensity and its impact on daily activities before and after the intervention...
January 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
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