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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774584/-i-can-see-fine-patient-knowledge-of-eye-care
#1
Elizabeth L Irving, Alisa M Sivak, Marlee M Spafford
PURPOSE: To learn more about the perceptions and attitudes toward eye care of members of the public - in particular, their knowledge of the purpose, components and providers of eye examinations, their ability to self-monitor ocular status and their awareness of major sight threatening eye conditions. METHODS: This study used the qualitative research strategy, grounded theory. Participants were recruited via poster and social media. Two researchers, one with optometric knowledge and one without, moderated seven 60- to 90-min, semi-structured focus group discussions, which were audiotaped and transcribed...
May 17, 2018: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771189/-i-m-just-trying-to-cope-for-both-of-us-challenges-and-supports-of-family-caregivers-in-participant-directed-programs
#2
Aimee Milliken, Ellen K Mahoney, Kevin J Mahoney, Kate Mignosa, Isabella Rodriguez, Catherine Cuchetti, Megumi Inoue
Recently, national attention has focused on the needs of family caregivers providing complex chronic care, noting the necessity to better understand the scope of challenges they encounter. Although a robust body of literature exists about the scope of family caregiving, little is known specifically about the experiences and perspectives of family caregivers who support participant directed (PD) participants, particularly across the caregiving trajectory. Therefore, the aim of this qualitative descriptive study was to describe what family caregivers of individuals with developmental disabilities, physical disabilities, aging, or chronic health conditions identify as the challenges they experience as complex, and their perceptions of the effectiveness and gaps in family support resources in PD...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769157/the-role-of-performance-quality-in-adolescents-self-evaluation-and-rumination-after-a-speech-is-it-contingent-on-social-anxiety-level
#3
Anke W Blöte, Anne C Miers, Esther Van den Bos, P Michiel Westenberg
BACKGROUND: Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) has relatively poor outcomes for youth with social anxiety, possibly because broad-based CBT is not tailored to their specific needs. Treatment of social anxiety in youth may need to pay more attention to negative social cognitions that are considered a key factor in social anxiety development and maintenance. AIMS: The aim of the present study was to learn more about the role of performance quality in adolescents' cognitions about their social performance and, in particular, the moderating role social anxiety plays in the relationship between performance quality and self-cognitions...
May 17, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765260/attitude-and-perception-of-undergraduate-medical-students-toward-the-problem-based-learning-in-chitwan-medical-college-nepal
#4
Ram Lochan Yadav, Rano Mal Piryani, Gopendra Prasad Deo, Dev Kumar Shah, Laxmi Kumari Yadav, Md Nazrul Islam
Background: Problem-based learning (PBL) was introduced into Basic Medical Sciences early in the 1980s at Tribhuvan University (TU), Nepal, followed by other universities where didactic lecture method was still followed as the main teaching strategy. Despite gaining its popularity worldwide as integrated teaching learning method, PBL is not given importance in Nepal. This study aimed to assess the attitude and perceptions of undergraduate medical students regarding learning outcomes of PBL and to know their views about role and qualities of effective tutors for its successful implementation...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761222/english-language-videos-on-youtube-as-a-source-of-information-on-self-administer-subcutaneous-anti-tumour-necrosis-factor-agent-injections
#5
Sena Tolu, Ozan Volkan Yurdakul, Betul Basaran, Aylin Rezvani
The aim of this study was to evaluate the reliability, content, and quality of videos for patients available on YouTube for learning how to self-administer subcutaneous anti-tumour necrosis factor (TNF) injections. We searched for the terms Humira injection, Enbrel injection, Simponi injection, and Cimzia injection. Videos were categorised as useful information, misleading information, useful patient opinion, and misleading patient opinion by two physicians. Videos were rated for quality on a 5-point global quality scale (GQS; 1 = poor quality, 5 = excellent quality) and reliability and content using the 5-point DISCERN scale (higher scores represent greater reliability and more comprehensive videos)...
May 14, 2018: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748142/asynchronous-unsupervised-video-enhanced-feedback-as-effective-as-direct-expert-feedback-in-the-long-term-retention-of-practical-clinical-skills-randomised-trial-comparing-2-feedback-methods-in-a-cohort-of-novice-medical-students
#6
James Rammell, Joanna Matthan, Matthew Gray, Lucy R Bookless, Craig I Nesbitt, Paul Rodham, John Moss, Gerard Stansby, Alexander W Phillips
OBJECTIVES: To determine the degree of practical clinical skills' retention over a 7-week period after receiving either video-enhanced direct expert feedback (DEF) or asynchronous unsupervised video-enhanced feedback (UVF). DESIGN: A prospective single-blinded randomized trial was conducted over a 7-week period with novice medical students. Following a generic introduction, PowerPoint presentation and live demonstration of intravenous cannulation was given by an expert, and candidates performed the same task in isolation while being recorded and were randomized to receive either DEF or UVF...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745901/review-of-the-systems-biology-of-the-immune-system-using-agent-based-models
#7
REVIEW
Snehal B Shinde, Manish P Kurhekar
The immune system is an inherent protection system in vertebrate animals including human beings that exhibit properties such as self-organisation, self-adaptation, learning, and recognition. It interacts with the other allied systems such as the gut and lymph nodes. There is a need for immune system modelling to know about its complex internal mechanism, to understand how it maintains the homoeostasis, and how it interacts with the other systems. There are two types of modelling techniques used for the simulation of features of the immune system: equation-based modelling (EBM) and agent-based modelling...
June 2018: IET Systems Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745711/rapid-visual-perception-of-interracial-crowds-racial-category-learning-from-emotional-segregation
#8
Sarah Ariel Lamer, Timothy D Sweeny, Michael Louis Dyer, Max Weisbuch
Drawing from research on social identity and ensemble coding, we theorize that crowd perception provides a powerful mechanism for social category learning. Crowds include allegiances that may be distinguished by visual cues to shared behavior and mental states, providing perceivers with direct information about social groups and thus a basis for learning social categories. Here, emotion expressions signaled group membership: to the extent that a crowd exhibited emotional segregation (i.e., was segregated into emotional subgroups), a visible characteristic (race) that incidentally distinguished emotional subgroups was expected to support categorical distinctions...
May 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743670/vector-based-navigation-using-grid-like-representations-in-artificial-agents
#9
Andrea Banino, Caswell Barry, Benigno Uria, Charles Blundell, Timothy Lillicrap, Piotr Mirowski, Alexander Pritzel, Martin J Chadwick, Thomas Degris, Joseph Modayil, Greg Wayne, Hubert Soyer, Fabio Viola, Brian Zhang, Ross Goroshin, Neil Rabinowitz, Razvan Pascanu, Charlie Beattie, Stig Petersen, Amir Sadik, Stephen Gaffney, Helen King, Koray Kavukcuoglu, Demis Hassabis, Raia Hadsell, Dharshan Kumaran
Deep neural networks have achieved impressive successes in fields ranging from object recognition to complex games such as Go1,2 . Navigation, however, remains a substantial challenge for artificial agents, with deep neural networks trained by reinforcement learning3-5 failing to rival the proficiency of mammalian spatial behaviour, which is underpinned by grid cells in the entorhinal cortex 6 . Grid cells are thought to provide a multi-scale periodic representation that functions as a metric for coding space7,8 and is critical for integrating self-motion (path integration)6,7,9 and planning direct trajectories to goals (vector-based navigation)7,10,11 ...
May 9, 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742615/honoring-thy-self-in-the-transition-to-online-teaching
#10
Lauren A Maggio, Barbara J Daley, Daniel D Pratt, Dario M Torre
Increasingly health professions education (HPE) faculty are choosing or being required to transition their face-to-face teaching to online teaching. For many faculty, the online learning environment may represent a new context with unfamiliar technology, changing expectations, and unknown challenges. In this context, faculty members may find themselves teaching in ways that are dissonant with the existing assumptions, beliefs, and views that are central to their pedagogical or teaching identity. This "identity dissonance" may lead to dissatisfaction and frustration for the faculty and potentially suboptimal learning experience for students...
May 8, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741990/the-development-of-a-tournament-preparation-framework-for-competitive-golf-a-delphi-study
#11
Jarred Pilgrim, Peter Kremer, Samuel Robertson
Tournament preparation in golf is used by players to increase course knowledge, develop strategy, optimise playing conditions and facilitate self-regulation. It is not known whether specific behaviours in tournament preparation should be given priority in education and practice at different stages of competition. This study aimed to achieve consensus on the importance of specific tournament preparation behaviours or "items" to players of five competitive levels. A two-round Delphi study was used, including an expert panel of 36 coaches, high-performance staff, players and academics...
May 9, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741528/blogging-for-medical-education-a-personal-view
#12
C Thaung
Medical education has evolved considerably from didactic and lecture-based to self-directed, especially with the rise of online platforms. While large organisations may commission or create entire customised courses for online learning, the individual teacher has a more modest and immediately accessible tool with which to disseminate information to students and other learners: blogging.
March 2018: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739184/moving-anesthesiology-educational-resources-to-the-point-of-care-experience-with-a-pediatric-anesthesia-mobile-app
#13
Katherine S Monroe, Michael A Evans, Shivani G Mukkamala, Julie L Williamson, Craig S Jabaley, Edward R Mariano, Vikas N O'Reilly-Shah
Background: Educators in all disciplines recognize the need to update tools for the modern learner. Mobile applications (apps) may be useful, but real-time data is needed to demonstrate the patterns of utilization and engagement amongst learners. Methods: We examined the use of an anesthesia app by two groups of learners (residents and anesthesiologist assistant students [AAs]) during a pediatric anesthesiology rotation. The app calculates age and weight-based information for clinical decision support and contains didactic materials for self-directed learning...
May 9, 2018: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731496/aeromedical-transport-operations-using-helicopters-during-the-2016-kumamoto-earthquake-in-japan
#14
Tomokazu Motomura, Atsushi Hirabayashi, Hisashi Matsumoto, Nobutaka Yamauchi, Mitsunobu Nakamura, Hiroshi Machida, Kenji Fujizuka, Naomi Otsuka, Tomoko Satoh, Hideaki Anan, Hisayoshi Kondo, Yuichi Koido
More than 6,000 people died in the Great Hanshin (Kobe) Earthquake in 1995, and it was later reported that there were around 500 preventable trauma deaths. In response, the Japanese government developed the helicopter emergency medical service in 2001, known in Japan as the "Doctor-Heli" (DH), which had 46 DHs and 2 private medical helicopters as of April 2016. DHs transport physicians and nurses to provide pre-hospital medical care at the scene of medical emergencies. Following lessons learned in the Great East Japan Earthquake in 2011, a research group in the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare developed a command and control system for the DH fleet as well as the Disaster Relief Aircraft Management System Network (D-NET), which uses a satellite communications network to monitor the location of the fleet and weather in real-time during disasters...
2018: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726715/applying-a-midwifery-lens-to-indigenous-health-care-delivery-the-contribution-of-campus-learning-and-rural-placements-to-effecting-systemic-change
#15
Rosalie D Thackrah, Sandra C Thompson
Study background Increasing cultural safety in health settings is essential to address stark health disparities between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians. Respect for cultural knowledge, better communication, and recognition of racism as a determinant of health are required for improved service delivery. How this knowledge is acquired in health professional training and translated to clinical settings is poorly understood. Purpose Impacts of an innovative Indigenous health unit and remote clinical placements on knowledge acquisition and attitude change were explored among midwifery students to inform cultural competency initiatives in health professional training...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche en Sciences Infirmières
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713840/using-goal-achievement-training-in-juvenile-justice-settings-to-improve-substance-use-services-for-youth-on-community-supervision
#16
Jacqueline Horan Fisher, Jennifer E Becan, Philip W Harris, Alexis Nager, Connie Baird-Thomas, Aaron Hogue, John P Bartkowski, Tisha Wiley
BACKGROUND: The link between substance use and involvement in the juvenile justice system has been well established. Justice-involved youth tend to have higher rates of drug use than their non-offending peers. At the same time, continued use can contribute to an elevated risk of recidivism, which leads to further, and oftentimes more serious, involvement with the juvenile justice system. Because of these high rates of use, the juvenile justice system is well positioned to help identify youth with substance use problems and connect them to treatment...
April 30, 2018: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713494/developing-and-feasibility-testing-of-data-collection-methods-for-an-economic-evaluation-of-a-supported-selfmanagement-programme-for-adults-with-a-learning-disability-and-type-2-diabetes
#17
John L O'Dwyer, Amy M Russell, Louise D Bryant, Rebecca E A Walwyn, Alexandra M Wright-Hughes, Elizabeth H Graham, Judy M Wright, Shaista Meer, Jacqueline Birtwistle, Amanda J Farrin, Allan O House, Claire T Hulme
Background: The challenges of conducting research with hard to reach vulnerable groups are particularly pertinent for people with learning disabilities. Data collection methods for previous cost and cost-effectiveness analyses of health and social care interventions targeting people with learning disabilities have relied on health care/health insurance records or data collection forms completed by the service provider rather than by people with learning disabilities themselves. This paper reports on the development and testing of data collection methods for an economic evaluation within a randomised controlled trial (RCT) for a supported self-management programme for people with mild/moderate learning disabilities and type 2 diabetes...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708381/do-we-know-what-we-need-preference-for-feedback-about-accurate-performances-does-not-benefit-sensorimotor-learning
#18
Flavio Henrique Bastos, Go Tani, Ricardo Drews, Stephan Riek, Welber Marinovic
Previous research on skill acquisition has shown that learners seem to prefer receiving knowledge of results (KR) about those trials in which they have performed more accurately. In the present study, we assessed whether this preference leads to an advantage in terms of skill acquisition, transfer, and retention of their capacity to extrapolate the motion of decelerating objects during periods of visual occlusion. Instead of questionnaires, we adopted a more direct approach to investigate learners' preferences for KR...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706278/educational-outcomes-associated-with-early-immersion-of-second-year-student-pharmacists-into-direct-patient-care-roles-in-health-system-practice
#19
Kimberly A Sanders, Jacqueline E McLaughlin, Kayla M Waldron, Ian Willoughby, Nicole R Pinelli
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To assess the educational impact of engaging second professional year student pharmacists in active, direct patient care experiences in health system practice. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Student pharmacists in their second professional year completed a redesigned, skill-based four-week introductory pharmacy practice experience in health system practice. The immersion consisted of experiences in both operational and clinical pharmacy environments...
February 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693331/educational-interventions-for-cervical-cancer-screening-behavior-of-women-a-systematic-review
#20
Marzieh Saei Ghare Naz, Nourossadat Kariman, Abbas Ebadi, Giti Ozgoli, Vida Ghasemi, Farzaneh Rashidi Fakari
Background: Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer in women worldwide; early detection can play a key role in reducing the associated morbidity. The objective of this study was to systematically assess the effects of educational interventions on cervical cancer screening (CCS) behavior of women. Methods: In this review the Cochrane library, Web of Science, Science Direct, PubMed, Scopus and search engine of Google scholar were searched for all interventional studies (trails, pre- and post-test or quasi-experimental) published in 2000-2017 for a systematic review, The search was based on the following keywords: cervix cancer, uterine cervical neoplasms, screening, prevention and control, Papanicolaou Test, pap test, pap smear, education, intervention, systematic review...
April 25, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
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