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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341809/modified-directed-self-learning-sessions-in-physiology-with-prereading-assignments-and-pecha-kucha-talks-perceptions-of-students
#1
Reem Rachel Abraham, Sharmila Torke, James Gonsalves, Sareesh Naduvil Narayanan, M Ganesh Kamath, Jay Prakash, Kiranmai S Rai
The present study reports perceptions of first-year undergraduate medical students ( n = 120), regarding modified directed self-learning (DSL) sessions in physiology. Students were provided with prereading assignments (faculty developed PowerPoint slides containing diagrams with incomplete labeling/flowcharts with missing steps) pertaining to the DSL topic 1 wk before the scheduled small-group DSL presentations. During DSL presentation sessions, which were facilitated by teachers, a few students individually presented learning objectives in the specified topic...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340300/shared-mechanisms-in-the-estimation-of-self-generated-actions-and-the-prediction-of-other-s-actions-by-humans
#2
Tsuyoshi Ikegami, Gowrishankar Ganesh
The question of how humans predict outcomes of observed motor actions by others is a fundamental problem in cognitive and social neuroscience. Previous theoretical studies have suggested that the brain uses parts of the forward model (used to estimate sensory outcomes of self-generated actions) to predict outcomes of observed actions. However, this hypothesis has remained controversial due to the lack of direct experimental evidence. To address this issue, we analyzed the behavior of darts experts in an understanding learning paradigm and utilized computational modeling to examine how outcome prediction of observed actions affected the participants' ability to estimate their own actions...
November 2017: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330835/international-guidelines-for-groin-hernia-management
#3
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, more than 20 million patients undergo groin hernia repair annually. The many different approaches, treatment indications and a significant array of techniques for groin hernia repair warrant guidelines to standardize care, minimize complications, and improve results. The main goal of these guidelines is to improve patient outcomes, specifically to decrease recurrence rates and reduce chronic pain, the most frequent problems following groin hernia repair. They have been endorsed by all five continental hernia societies, the International Endo Hernia Society and the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery...
January 12, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328623/mimicking-biological-synaptic-functionality-with-an-indium-phosphide-synaptic-device-on-silicon-for-scalable-neuromorphic-computing
#4
Debarghya Sarkar, Jun Tao, Wei Wang, Qingfeng Lin, Matthew Yeung, Chenhao Ren, Rehan Kapadia
Neuromorphic or "brain-like" computation is a leading candidate for efficient, fault-tolerant processing of large-scale data, as well as real-time sensing and transduction of complex multivariate systems and networks such as self-driving vehicles or Internet of Things applications. In biology, the synapse serves as an active memory unit in the neural system, and is the component responsible for learning and memory. Electronically emulating this element via a compact, scalable technology which can be integrated in a 3-D architecture is critical for future implementations of neuromorphic processors...
January 12, 2018: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327634/clearing-the-confusion-about-self-directed-learning-and-self-regulated-learning
#5
Roghayeh Gandomkar, John Sandars
Self-Directed Learning (SDL) and Self-Regulated Learning (SRL) are often used without a clear distinction, leading to confusion in understanding and the use of inappropriate measurement tools. SDL is a general approach to learning and can be identified using 'aptitude' questionnaires but SRL is a dynamic and context specific learning process and requires 'event' measures, such as microanalysis. These differences have implications for research and remediation.
January 12, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317381/using-social-media-for-the-promotion-of-education-and-consultation-in-adolescents-who-have-undergone-kidney-transplant-protocol-for-a-randomized-control-trial
#6
Claudiana Pase, Andréia Dias Mathias, Clotilde Druck Garcia, Clarissa Garcia Rodrigues
BACKGROUND: Falling ill represents a traumatic experience especially in adolescence, since in addition to the moments of ambiguity and contradictions that this period brings, there is coping with the disease. Renal transplantation provides a better quality of life but the dependence on dialysis is replaced by the greater responsibility of self-care. With advances in technology, contemporary communication methods are a strategic mechanism for the approximation of the adolescent and the multiprofessional team...
January 9, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306936/remote-healing-of-bipolar-disorder-eating-disorder-not-otherwise-specified-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-fibromyalgia-and-irritable-bowel-syndrome-through-lifestyle-change
#7
Kelly Brogan
This case report illustrates the relationship between gut, hormonal, and brain function in that dietary change, mindfulness interventions, and detoxification led to resolution of disabling psychiatric symptoms. In this case, a single Caucasian female resolved her symptoms of bipolar disorder (BD) including psychotic features and suicidality, posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms from childhood torture, disordered eating, fibromyalgia, and irritable bowel syndrome through lifestyle interventions. This patient survived a severe trauma history only to develop alcohol dependence, disordered eating, and depressive symptoms, which were treated with a polypharmaceutical psychiatric approach...
October 2017: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302880/a-framework-for-tracking-former-patients-in-the-electronic-health-record-using-an-educational-registry
#8
Gregory E Brisson, Cynthia Barnard, Patrick D Tyler, David M Liebovitz, Kathy Johnson Neely
One challenge of contemporary medical education is that shorter lengths of stay and time-limited clerkships often interrupt a student's relationship with a patient before a diagnosis is made or treatment is completed, limiting the learning experience. Medical students sometimes use electronic health records (EHRs) to overcome these limitations. EHRs provide access to patients' future medical records, enabling students to track former patients across care venues to audit their diagnostic impressions and observe outcomes...
January 4, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299478/the-r%C3%A3-ttinger-approach-for-total-hip-arthroplasty-technique-comparison-to-the-direct-lateral-approach-and-review-of-literature
#9
Ronald E Delanois, Assem A Sultan, Ahmed A Albayar, Anton Khlopas, Chukwuweike U Gwam, Nipun Sodhi, Suela Lamaj, Jared M Newman, Michael A Mont
Background: Multiple approaches to the hip joint have been developed utilizing various intervals and/or intermuscular planes when performing a total hip arthroplasty (THA), each proposing certain advantages. Of these, the Röttinger approach (modified anterolateral or Watson-Jones) is potentially muscle-sparing. Multiple studies have demonstrated favorable outcomes with this approach. However, others showed more complications with a slow learning curve. Due to the paucity of evidence we conducted this study to: (I) present our operative experience and technique of the Röttinger approach; (II) compare short-term complications and operative room (OR) times of this approach to the direct lateral; and (III) review the available literature...
December 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298942/relating-instructor-feedback-and-student-reception-in-the-clinical-environment
#10
Tanya Nolan, Cynthia Loubier
PURPOSE: To identify the relationship between instructor feedback and student receptivity to it in a clinical setting. METHODS: Using a correlational design with a convenience sample of 132 students enrolled in radiologic science programs, the authors conducted an electronic survey that included a demographic section, the Feedback Environment Scale (FES), and the Feedback Orientation Scale (FOS). The first research question was whether a relationship existed between the aggregate predictor FES and criterion FOS variables...
January 2018: Radiologic Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298314/improving-mapping-for-ebola-response-through-mobilising-a-local-community-with-self-owned-smartphones-tonkolili-district-sierra-leone-january-2015
#11
Laura M Nic Lochlainn, Ivan Gayton, Georgios Theocharopoulos, Robin Edwards, Kostas Danis, Ronald Kremer, Karline Kleijer, Sumaila M Tejan, Mohamed Sankoh, Augustin Jimissa, Jane Greig, Grazia Caleo
BACKGROUND: During the 2014-16 Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak, the Magburaka Ebola Management Centre (EMC) operated by Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) in Tonkolili District, Sierra Leone, identified that available district maps lacked up-to-date village information to facilitate timely implementation of EVD control strategies. In January 2015, we undertook a survey in chiefdoms within the MSF EMC catchment area to collect mapping and village data. We explore the feasibility and cost to mobilise a local community for this survey, describe validation against existing mapping sources and use of the data to prioritise areas for interventions, and lessons learned...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294690/mediators-and-moderators-of-the-association-between-stalking-victimization-and-psychological-distress
#12
Connor R Fais, Catherine J Lutz-Zois, Jackson A Goodnight
The current study aims to understand mediators and moderators of the relationship between stalking victimization and depression. Based on the reformulated learned helplessness theory, which emphasizes the role of internal, global, and stable attributions for negative events in the development of depression, we predicted that the association between stalking victimization and depression would be mediated by attributions for the stalking and characterological self-blame. We predicted that the association between stalking victimization and helplessness attributions or characterological self-blame, in turn, would be moderated by gender, sex-role identity, and length of stalking...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286990/self-directed-learning-readiness-is-independent-of-teaching-and-learning-approach-in-undergraduate-nursing-education
#13
Nomawethu Qamata-Mtshali, Judith C Bruce
Selecting appropriate teaching and learning strategies within an overarching teaching philosophy is 1 way of influencing nursing students' self-directedness. We conducted research to compare the self-directed learning readiness and learning attributes in different years of study of undergraduate nursing students who are exposed to traditional, lecture-based learning and problem-based learning strategies. We found that readiness for self-directed learning is not dependent on the dominant teaching-learning strategy used in the nursing program...
December 29, 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286946/using-a-k-w-l-chart-to-bridge-the-theory-practice-gap
#14
Deborah A Raines
As nursing is a practice discipline, theory and practice cannot be separated. Yet nursing education is traditionally divided into two components: classroom or theory-based learning and clinical or practice-based learning. The theory-practice gap is one of the most significant issues in nursing today, given the emphasis on evidence-based practice. This article describes the use of a K-W-L chart as an approach to bridge the theory-practice gap and encourage students to become self-directed and take ownership of their knowledge...
December 28, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286827/the-role-of-anxiety-in-simulation-based-dexterity-and-overall-performance-does-it-really-matter
#15
Fatema Dhaif, Georgios Paparoidamis, Michail Sideris, John Hanrahan, Efstratia-Maria Georgopoulou, Ismini Tsagkaraki, Nikolaos Staikoglou, Ferha Saeed, Theodoros Michail, Anastasios Tzavelas, Efstathios Kenanidis, Michael Potoupnis, Eleftherios Tsiridis, Apostolos Papalois
BACKGROUND: Essential Skills in the Management of Surgical Cases (ESMSC) is an international undergraduate surgical masterclass which combines ex vivo, dry lab and high fidelity in vivo simulation-based learning (SBL). It consists of 32 stations of skills-based learning, including open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) of fractures. Current literature suggests early involvement in skills-based learning at the undergraduate level is vital. AIMS: To compare students' dexterity and skills-based performance with demographic and educational background parameters...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283674/patient-narratives-as-a-teaching-tool-a-pilot-study-of-first-year-medical-students-and-patient-educators-affected-by-intellectual-developmental-disabilities
#16
Alon Coret, Kerry Boyd, Kevin Hobbs, Joyce Zazulak, Meghan McConnell
PROBLEM: People with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) face complex biopsychosocial challenges and are medically underserved. This is in part due to insufficient resources and supports but can also be attributed to a lack of adequate physician training in addressing the unique needs of this population. INTERVENTION: This study aimed to introduce 1st-year medical students to the IDD population using a blended educational experience that included video narratives of and direct interactions with people affected by IDD...
December 28, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275907/a-multimodal-approach-improves-american-board-of-surgery-in-training-examination-scores
#17
Mary A Decoteau, Louis Rivera, Kristina Umali, Arden B Chan, Peter Soballe, Romeo C Ignacio
BACKGROUND: There are several factors that influence ABSITE scores, but the optimal approach for remediation of poor scores is unclear. METHODS: A structured academic curriculum and focused remediation program (FRP) were implemented to improve academic performances. Within a 15-year period, ABSITE and American Board of Surgery qualifying exam (ABS QE) results were compared before and after the establishment of the program using a paired T-test. Subgroup analysis was performed for residents who completed the FRP...
December 21, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274494/an-integrative-review-developing-and-measuring-creativity-in-nursing
#18
REVIEW
Xing Ma, Yuanyuan Yang, Xue Wang, Yuli Zang
OBJECTIVE: To analyze and synthesise the existing evidence on creativity in nursing. DESIGN: An integrative review. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search was conducted using seven English databases (PubMed, Science Direct, Web of Science, Cochrane, EBSCO, Wiley, and Medline) and the top three best Chinese databases (CNKI, Wanfang Data, and VIP). REVIEW METHODS: The combined keywords, creativity and nursing/nurse, were used to search for relevant journal articles that were written in English or Chinese from January 1995 to December 2016...
December 13, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273028/implementation-of-a-novel-population-panel-management-curriculum-among-interprofessional-health-care-trainees
#19
Catherine P Kaminetzky, Lauren A Beste, Anne P Poppe, Daniel B Doan, Howard K Mun, Nancy Fugate Woods, Joyce E Wipf
BACKGROUND: Gaps in chronic disease management have led to calls for novel methods of interprofessional, team-based care. Population panel management (PPM), the process of continuous quality improvement across groups of patients, is rarely included in health professions training for physicians, nurses, or pharmacists. The feasibility and acceptance of such training across different healthcare professions is unknown. We developed and implemented a novel, interprofessional PPM curriculum targeted to diverse health professions trainees...
December 22, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261545/the-effect-of-high-frequency-structured-expert-feedback-on-the-learning-curves-of-basic-interventional-ultrasound-skills-applied-to-regional-anesthesia
#20
Getúlio Rodrigues de Oliveira Filho, Francisco de Assis Caire Mettrau
BACKGROUND: Proficiency in needle-to-ultrasound beam alignment and accurate approach to structures are pivotal for ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia. This study evaluated the effects of high-frequency, structured expert feedback on simulation training of such abilities. METHODS: Forty-two subjects randomly allocated as controls or intervention participated in two 25-trial experiments. Experiment 1 consisted of inserting a needle into a bovine muscular phantom parallel to the ultrasound beam while maintaining full imaging of the needle...
December 19, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
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