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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816218/continuing-professional-development-of-doctors
#1
Tejinder Singh
After graduating from medical school, all doctors need to undertake some training activities lifelong to maintain, update or develop their knowledge, skills and attitudes towards their professional practice. Continuing professional development (CPD) refers to continuing development of medical and non- medical competencies including professionalism, and interpersonal, managerial and communication skills. There is no single correct way of doing CPD. Most learning in CPD is self-directed and based on one's own learning needs...
March 2017: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815260/-improving-the-teaching-quality-by-multiple-tools-and-technology-in-oral-histopathology-experimental-course
#2
Zhen Tian, Li-Zhen Wang, Yu-Hua Hu, Chun-Ye Zhang, Jiang Li
PURPOSES: Oral histopathology is a course which needs to be combined with theory and practice closely. Experimental course plays an important role in teaching oral histopathology. Here, we aim to explore a series of effective measures to improve the teaching quality of experimental course and tried to train observation, thinking, analysis and problem solving skills of dental students. METHODS: We re-edited and updated the experimental textbook "guidelines of experimental course of oral histopathology", and published the reference book for experimental course--"color pocket atlas of oral histopathology: experiment and diadactic teaching"...
April 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812448/peer-network-influence-on-intimate-partner-violence-perpetration-among-urban-tanzanian-men
#3
Marta I Mulawa, Lusajo J Kajula, Suzanne Maman
Male perpetration of intimate partner violence (IPV) against women in Tanzania is widespread. Theory and empirical evidence suggest peer networks may play an important role in shaping IPV perpetration, although research on this topic in sub-Saharan Africa is limited. Grounded in social learning theory, social influence theory, and the theory of gender and power, the purpose of this study was to examine whether and how peer networks influence men's perpetration of IPV in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. We conducted in-depth interviews (n = 40) with a sub-sample of 20 men enrolled in the control condition of an ongoing cluster-randomised controlled trial...
August 16, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803226/nursing-students-and-faculty-members-experiences-of-comfort-during-transition-to-context-based-learning
#4
Vivian Puplampu
There is evidence supporting student-centered learning (SCL) as an effective pedagogy to prepare professionals to work in the evolving health care system of the twenty-first century. SCL has many benefits, among them that it helps students to learn to work in teams and develop problem-solving, critical thinking and communication skills. The focus on the student means that the teacher's power is decreased. This, along with openness of the approach, can make the transition to SCL a challenge. This study used an exploratory descriptive qualitative design to explore how comfortable nursing students and faculty members were in a context-based learning (CBL) program, a version of SCL...
July 28, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800438/social-exposure-and-emotion-dysregulation-main-effects-in-relation-to-nonsuicidal-self-injury
#5
Rachel L Zelkowitz, Andrew C Porter, Ellen R Heiman, David A Cole
We examined the relation of interpersonal and media exposure to nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) among 340 university students in the southeastern United States (73.5% female, M age = 19.38 years, SD = 1.15). We also assessed interactions and main effects of each exposure and emotion dysregulation in relation to NSSI, testing the social learning hypothesis of NSSI. Most participants endorsed medium to high levels of exposure to NSSI via media sources. More than one-third of participants were somewhat or very familiar with someone who engaged in NSSI...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791321/two-electrosurgical-endo-knives-for-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-of-colorectal-superficial-neoplasms-a-prospective-randomized-study
#6
Yuusaku Sugihara, Keita Harada, Yoshiro Kawahara, Daisuke Takei, Shiho Takashima, Toshihiro Inokuchi, Asuka Nakarai, Masahiro Takahara, Kenji Kuwaki, Sakiko Hiraoka, Hiroyuki Okada
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS : Few studies have directly compared endo-knives for endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) in humans. We compared the performances of the Mucosectom2 and SB knife Jr. PATIENTS AND METHODS:  Two trainee endoscopists performed ESD of 36 lesions in this prospective, randomized controlled trial. Mucosal incision with a 1.5-mm Dual knife and submucosal dissection using the Mucosectom2 were performed in 1 group. Mucosal incision with a 1...
August 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783631/wide-baseline-foreground-object-interpolation-using-silhouette-shape-prior
#7
Cedric Verleysen, Thomas Maugey, Pascal Frossard, Christophe De Vleeschouwer
We consider the synthesis of intermediate views of an object captured by two widely spaced and calibrated cameras. This problem is challenging because foreshortening effects and occlusions induce significant differences between the reference images when the cameras are far apart. That makes the association or disappearance/appearance of their pixels difficult to estimate. Our main contribution lies in disambiguating this illposed problem by making the interpolated views consistent with a plausible transformation of the object silhouette between the reference views...
July 31, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770891/feedback-in-a-clinical-setting-a-way-forward-to-enhance-student-s-learning-through-constructive-feedback
#8
Amber Shamim Sultan, Muhammad Arif Mateen Khan
Feedback is considered as a dynamic process in which information about the observed performance is used to promote the desirable behaviour and correct the negative ones. The importance of feedback is widely acknowledged, but still there seems to be inconsistency in the amount, type and timing of feedback received from the clinical faculty. No significant effort has been put forward from the educator end to empower the learners with the skills of receiving and using the feedback effectively. Some institutions conduct faculty development workshops and courses to facilitate the clinicians on how best to deliver constructive feedback to the learners...
July 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769839/self-efficacy-satisfaction-and-academic-achievement-the-mediator-role-of-students-expectancy-value-beliefs
#9
Fernando Doménech-Betoret, Laura Abellán-Roselló, Amparo Gómez-Artiga
Although there is considerable evidence to support the direct effects of self-efficacy beliefs on academic achievement, very few studies have explored the motivational mechanism that mediates the self-efficacy-achievement relationship, and they are necessary to understand how and why self-efficacy affects students' academic achievement. Based on a socio-cognitive perspective of motivation, this study examines the relationships among academic self-efficacy, students' expectancy-value beliefs, teaching process satisfaction, and academic achievement...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767542/factors-influencing-physicians-selection-of-continuous-professional-development-activities-a-cross-specialty-national-survey
#10
David A Cook, David W Price, Christopher M Wittich, Colin P West, Morris J Blachman
INTRODUCTION: We sought to understand what influences physicians' decisions about participation in continuous professional development (CPD) activities, and how often physicians engage in specific CPD activities. METHODS: From September 2015 to April 2016, we administered a survey to 4648 randomly sampled licensed US physicians. Survey items addressed perceived barriers to CPD, factors that might influence participation in four prototypical CPD activities (reading an article, or completing a local activity, online course, or far-away course), and frequency of CPD engagement...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761885/self-directed-learning-barriers-in-a-virtual-environment-a-qualitative-study
#11
Noushin Kohan, Kamran Soltani Arabshahi, Rita Mojtahedzadeh, Abbas Abbaszadeh, Tayebeh Rakhshani, Amirhousein Emami
INTRODUCTION: There is a growing trend in online education courses in higher education institutes. Previous studies have shown that high levels of self-direction are essential for successful online learning. The present study aims to investigate challenges of and barriers to self-directed virtual-learning among postgraduate students of medical sciences. METHOD: 23 postgraduate virtual students of medical sciences in Iran, collected through maximum variation purposive sampling and semi-structured interviews, served as the sample of this study...
July 2017: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761882/evidence-based-medicine-in-pre-clinical-years-a-study-of-early-introduction-and-usefulness
#12
Yogesh Acharya, M V Raghavendra Rao, Sateesh Arja
INTRODUCTION: Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) has established itself as a strong predictor of future medical practice by medical students. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of EBM in pre-clinical years and reflect on self-assessment skill of 4(th) semester medical students regarding the understanding of EBM and its various determinants. METHODS: All of the 4(th) semester (MD4) medical students at the Avalon University of Medical School, Curacao who had completed their EBM curriculum were asked to voluntarily participate in a cross sectional student survey containing qualitative and quantitative questionnaires in a 10-point scale...
July 2017: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760730/designing-serious-computer-games-for-people-with-moderate-and-advanced-dementia-interdisciplinary-theory-driven-pilot-study
#13
Chariklia Tziraki, Rakel Berenbaum, Daniel Gross, Judith Abikhzer, Boaz M Ben-David
BACKGROUND: The field of serious games for people with dementia (PwD) is mostly driven by game-design principals typically applied to games created by and for younger individuals. Little has been done developing serious games to help PwD maintain cognition and to support functionality. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to create a theory-based serious game for PwD, with input from a multi-disciplinary team familiar with aging, dementia, and gaming theory, as well as direct input from end users (the iterative process)...
July 31, 2017: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755051/reference-frames-in-spatial-updating-when-body-based-cues-are-absent
#14
Qiliang He, Timothy P McNamara, Jonathan W Kelly
The current study investigated the reference frame used in spatial updating when idiothetic cues to self-motion were minimized (desktop virtual reality). In Experiment 1, participants learned a layout of eight objects from a single perspective (learning heading) in a virtual environment. After learning, they were placed in the same virtual environment and used a keyboard to navigate to two of the learned objects (visible) before pointing to a third object (invisible). We manipulated participants' starting orientation (initial heading) and final orientation (final heading) before pointing, to examine the reference frame used in this task...
July 28, 2017: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753639/self-regulation-strategy-feedback-timing-and-hemodynamic-properties-modulate-learning-in-a-simulated-fmri-neurofeedback-environment
#15
Ethan F Oblak, Jarrod A Lewis-Peacock, James S Sulzer
Direct manipulation of brain activity can be used to investigate causal brain-behavior relationships. Current noninvasive neural stimulation techniques are too coarse to manipulate behaviors that correlate with fine-grained spatial patterns recorded by fMRI. However, these activity patterns can be manipulated by having people learn to self-regulate their own recorded neural activity. This technique, known as fMRI neurofeedback, faces challenges as many participants are unable to self-regulate. The causes of this non-responder effect are not well understood due to the cost and complexity of such investigation in the MRI scanner...
July 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744209/performance-monitoring-applied-to-system-supervision
#16
REVIEW
Bertille Somon, Aurélie Campagne, Arnaud Delorme, Bruno Berberian
Nowadays, automation is present in every aspect of our daily life and has some benefits. Nonetheless, empirical data suggest that traditional automation has many negative performance and safety consequences as it changed task performers into task supervisors. In this context, we propose to use recent insights into the anatomical and neurophysiological substrates of action monitoring in humans, to help further characterize performance monitoring during system supervision. Error monitoring is critical for humans to learn from the consequences of their actions...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743693/can-facebook-pages-be-a-mode-of-blended-learning-to-supplement-in-class-teaching-in-saudi-arabia
#17
Khurshid Anwar, Muhammad Raihan Sajid, Peter Cahusac, Abdul Ahad Shaikh, Ahmad Elgammal, Ahlam Alshedoukhy, Junaid Kashir
The aim of this study was to examine the potential of a self-designed Facebook page on Neuroscience, to supplement in-class teaching as a mode of blended learning. Posts were split into multiple choice questions (MCQs), general interest articles, neuroscience-related external links and resources, and lecture notes and PowerPoint presentations. The study was divided into three distinct phases: before, during, and after the Neuroscience block. Student responses were evaluated via a self-developed questionnaire...
September 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739946/older-sociable-capuchins-cebus-capucinus-invent-more-social-behaviors-but-younger-monkeys-innovate-more-in-other-contexts
#18
Susan E Perry, Brendan J Barrett, Irene Godoy
An important extension to our understanding of evolutionary processes has been the discovery of the roles that individual and social learning play in creating recurring phenotypes on which selection can act. Cultural change occurs chiefly through invention of new behavioral variants combined with social transmission of the novel behaviors to new practitioners. Therefore, understanding what makes some individuals more likely to innovate and/or transmit new behaviors is critical for creating realistic models of culture change...
July 24, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734188/the-effects-of-neurologic-assessment-e-learning-in-nurses
#19
Ji Yeon Shin, S Barry Issenberg, Young Sook Roh
BACKGROUND: A firm understanding of the preliminary assessment of a patient with neurological disorders is needed for ensuring optimal patient outcomes. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of using e-learning on neurologic assessment knowledge, ability, and self-confidence among nurses. DESIGN: This study used a non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design. SETTINGS: Nurses working in the neurology and neurosurgery wards, Republic of Korea PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of 50 nurses was assigned to either the experimental group (n=24) or the control group (n=26)...
July 15, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729710/learning-a-health-knowledge-graph-from-electronic-medical-records
#20
Maya Rotmensch, Yoni Halpern, Abdulhakim Tlimat, Steven Horng, David Sontag
Demand for clinical decision support systems in medicine and self-diagnostic symptom checkers has substantially increased in recent years. Existing platforms rely on knowledge bases manually compiled through a labor-intensive process or automatically derived using simple pairwise statistics. This study explored an automated process to learn high quality knowledge bases linking diseases and symptoms directly from electronic medical records. Medical concepts were extracted from 273,174 de-identified patient records and maximum likelihood estimation of three probabilistic models was used to automatically construct knowledge graphs: logistic regression, naive Bayes classifier and a Bayesian network using noisy OR gates...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
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