keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

pneumonia pediatrics in review

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419005/clinical-utility-of-polymerase-chain-reaction-testing-for-streptococcus-pneumoniae-in-pediatric-cerebrospinal-fluid-samples-a-diagnostic-accuracy-study-of-more-than-2000-samples-from-2004-2015
#1
Abdullah Alqayoudhi, Maryke Nielsen, Nicola O'Sullivan, Mary Corcoran, Patrick J Gavin, Karina M Butler, Robert Cunney, Richard J Drew
The aim of this retrospective study was to review the diagnostic accuracy of real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples for Streptococcus pneumoniae DNA in comparison with traditional bacterial culture. The hypothesis was that PCR is more sensitive than culture and would detect more cases of pneumococcal meningitis, particularly in children treated with antimicrobials before CSF sampling occurred. Patients younger than 16 years who had a CSF sample tested for S.pneumoniae DNA by PCR between 2004 and 2015 were included...
April 17, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409732/the-surgical-treatment-of-tumors-of-the-fourth-ventricle-a-single-institution-experience
#2
Sherise D Ferguson, Nicholas B Levine, Dima Suki, Andrew J Tsung, Fredrick F Lang, Raymond Sawaya, Jeffrey S Weinberg, Ian E McCutcheon
OBJECTIVE Fourth ventricle tumors are rare, and surgical series are typically small, comprising a single pathology, or focused exclusively on pediatric populations. This study investigated surgical outcome and complications following fourth ventricle tumor resection in a diverse patient population. This is the largest cohort of fourth ventricle tumors described in the literature to date. METHODS This is an 18-year (1993-2010) retrospective review of 55 cases involving patients undergoing surgery for tumors of the fourth ventricle...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397171/pediatric-antibiotic-stewardship-successful-interventions-to-reduce-broad-spectrum-antibiotic-use-on-general-pediatric-wards
#3
Katharina Kreitmeyr, Ulrich von Both, Alenka Pecar, Johannes P Borde, Rafael Mikolajczyk, Johannes Huebner
PURPOSE: Antibiotic stewardship programs (ASP) optimize antibiotic usage and combat antibiotic resistance of bacteria. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of specific ASP interventions on antibiotic consumption in general pediatric wards. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study to compare a pre-intervention (Sept.-Dec. 2014) and post-intervention (Sept.-Dec. 2015) period. An ASP bundle was established including (1) infectious diseases (ID) ward rounds (prospective-audit-with-feedback), (2) ID consultation service, (3) internal guidelines on empiric antibiotic therapy...
April 10, 2017: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382572/current-clinical-trials-on-the-use-of-ceftaroline-in-the-pediatric-population
#4
REVIEW
Adam Corey, Tsz-Yin So
The rate of antibiotic resistance in children continues to rise requiring the use of new antibiotics. Ceftaroline fosamil, a newer-generation cephalosporin, was recently approved for the treatment of acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections and community-acquired bacterial pneumonia in children aged >2 months. Ceftaroline provides coverage against staphylococcal and streptococcal infections, including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae...
April 5, 2017: Clinical Drug Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339675/high-reported-rates-of-antimicrobial-resistance-in-indian-neonatal-and-pediatric-blood-stream-infections
#5
Dhanya Dharmapalan, Anita Shet, Vijay Yewale, Mike Sharland
Background.: There is real shortage of national data on antimicrobial resistance rates in Indian neonates and children. A descriptive review was conducted to determine the patterns of antimicrobial resistance in isolates of blood stream infection among hospitalized children in India. Methods.: Published and gray literature on antibiotic resistance in children was searched using "Google Scholar", "Scopus", and "PubMed" databases between January 2000 and July 2015...
February 18, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267266/propranolol-treatment-for-infantile-hemangioma-does-not-increase-risk-of-childhood-wheezing
#6
Meir Mei-Zahav, Hannah Blau, Moshe Hoshen, Alex Zvulunov, Huda Mussaffi, Dario Prais, Patrick Stafler, Guy Steuer, Moshe Lapidoth, Dan Ben Amitai
OBJECTIVE: Propranolol is the treatment of choice for infantile hemangiomas requiring medical intervention. Although contraindicated in asthma, its bronchoconstrictive effect in infants and children has not been extensively studied. We aimed to assess the incidence of wheezing episodes in infants and children treated with propranolol for infantile hemangiomas. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective case-control study. SETTING: a tertiary pediatric hospital...
March 7, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260348/current-views-of-pediatric-intensive-care-unit-picu
#7
Conghai Fan, Boxiang Qi, Chao Chen
International best practice endorses the use of standardized approaches in the management of pediatric patients in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU). There is increasing awareness of the risk of prolonged duration of mechanical ventilation as a consequence of morphine use leading to ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP), extended PICU and hospital length of stay and increased morbidity and mortality. Accordingly a fundamental outcome measure of this study was to determine whether raising awareness of these issues and the introduction of analgesia and sedation guidelines led to a reduction in the amount of analgesics and sedatives administered to PICU patients, while not exposing them to pain and distress...
March 3, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251508/enterovirus-d68-associated-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-the-pediatric-age-group
#8
REVIEW
Samantha Bosis, Susanna Esposito
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes the current knowledge regarding the role of Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) in community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in children. RECENT FINDINGS: EV-D68 is an emergent viral pathogen. Since its first isolation in 1962 in California in four children suffering from CAP and bronchiolitis, EV-D68 has been rarely detected from respiratory specimens. However, recently, EV-D68 infection has raised concerns in the international community because of outbreaks in 2014 in the USA and the increased number of children with EV-D68-associated severe respiratory illnesses, including pneumonia, that have been reported in many other countries around the world...
March 2017: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239179/unsuspected-lung-pathology-in-autopsies-of-children-with-cancer
#9
María Elena Y Furuya, Alicia Rodríguez-Velasco, María Carmen Rodríguez-Zepeda, Enrique López-Aguilar, Mario H Vargas, Martha Sciandra-Rico, Rocío Cárdenas-Navarrete, Olivia Madrigal-Muñiz, Carina Feria-Kaiser, Elba E Delgado-González, Miguel Ángel Villasís-Keeverz
BACKGROUND: Although pulmonary involvement is common in patients with cancer, its frequency and nature is seldom reported in the medical literature. OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency and type of lung pathological conditions revealed by autopsy in children with cancer. METHODS: All reports from autopsies performed in children with cancer from 1989 to 2012 in a pediatric hospital were reviewed. RESULTS: In the analyzed period, 118 autopsies (10...
January 2017: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224093/pediatric-asthma-severity-score-is-associated-with-critical-care-interventions
#10
Danielle K Maue, Nadia Krupp, Courtney M Rowan
AIM: To determine if a standardized asthma severity scoring system (PASS) was associated with the time spent on continuous albuterol and length of stay in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). METHODS: This is a single center, retrospective chart review study at a major children's hospital in an urban location. To qualify for this study, participants must have been admitted to the PICU with a diagnosis of status asthmaticus. There were a total of 188 participants between the ages of two and nineteen, excluding patients receiving antibiotics for pneumonia...
February 8, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208178/lingual-tonsillectomy-for-treatment-of-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-meta-analysis
#11
Kun-Tai Kang, Peter J Koltai, Chia-Hsuan Lee, Ming-Tzer Lin, Wei-Chung Hsu
Importance: Evidence indicates correlations between lingual tonsil hypertrophy and pediatric obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). However, to our knowledge, a meta-analysis of surgical outcomes for lingual tonsillectomy in children with OSA has not been conducted. Objective: To evaluate the therapeutic outcomes of lingual tonsillectomy for treatment of pediatric OSA. Data Sources: The study protocol was registered on PROSPERO (CRD42015027053). PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Reviews databases were searched independently by 2 authors for relevant articles published by September 2016...
February 16, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199348/presentation-management-and-outcomes-of-sepsis-in-adults-and-children-admitted-to-a-rural-ugandan-hospital-a-prospective-observational-cohort-study
#12
Kristina E Rudd, Leonard K Tutaryebwa, T Eoin West
OBJECTIVES: Limited data are available on sepsis in low-resource settings, particularly outside of urban referral centers. We conducted a prospective observational single-center cohort study in May 2013 to assess the presentation, management and outcomes of adult and pediatric patients admitted with sepsis to a community hospital in rural Uganda. METHODS: We consecutively screened all patients admitted to medical wards who met sepsis criteria. We evaluated eligible patients within 24 hours of presentation and 24-48 hours after admission, and followed them until hospital discharge...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192578/when-the-great-masquerader-reveals-itself-tuberculosis
#13
Brittany Hodgson, Benjamin D Kornfeld, Bridget M Wild
Pneumonia is a clinical diagnosis often treated empirically and successfully on an outpatient basis. When a patient fails to improve, the clinician is left to revisit the differential of pathogens and reconsider the host. Admission, imaging, and invasive and noninvasive testing are part of the toolkit for the severe or atypical case of pneumonia. For fastidious organisms, achieving a culture-proven diagnosis can be quite difficult. This article discusses the screening and testing for tuberculosis, reviews the utility of computed tomography imaging and bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage in severe or atypical pneumonia, and highlights the barriers to definitive diagnosis even when the causative microbe is on the differential diagnosis when a patient is admitted...
February 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186476/risk-factors-for-surgical-site-infection-following-nonshunt-pediatric-neurosurgery-a-review-of-9296-procedures-from-a-national-database-and-comparison-with-a-single-center-experience
#14
Brandon A Sherrod, Anastasia A Arynchyna, James M Johnston, Curtis J Rozzelle, Jeffrey P Blount, W Jerry Oakes, Brandon G Rocque
OBJECTIVE Surgical site infection (SSI) following CSF shunt operations has been well studied, yet risk factors for nonshunt pediatric neurosurgery are less well understood. The purpose of this study was to determine SSI rates and risk factors following nonshunt pediatric neurosurgery using a nationwide patient cohort and an institutional data set specifically for better understanding SSI. METHODS The authors reviewed the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program-Pediatric (ACS NSQIP-P) database for the years 2012-2014, including all neurosurgical procedures performed on pediatric patients except CSF shunts and hematoma evacuations...
April 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149700/retrospective-study-of-prognostic-factors-in-pediatric-invasive-pneumococcal-disease
#15
Nan-Chang Chiu, Hsin Chi, Chun-Chih Peng, Hung-Yang Chang, Daniel Tsung-Ning Huang, Lung Chang, Wei-Te Lei, Chien-Yu Lin
Streptococcus pneumoniae remains the leading causative pathogen in pediatric pneumonia and bacteremia throughout the world. The invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) is known as isolation of S. pneumoniae from a normally sterile site (e.g., blood, cerebrospinal fluid, synovial fluid, pericardial fluid, pleural fluid, or peritoneal fluid). The aim of this study is to survey the clinical manifestations and laboratory results of IPD and identify the prognostic factors of mortality. From January 2001 to December 2006, a retrospective review of chart was performed in a teaching hospital in Taipei...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148730/a-multicenter-collaborative-to-improve-care-of-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-hospitalized-children
#16
Kavita Parikh, Eric Biondi, Joanne Nazif, Faiza Wasif, Derek J Williams, Elizabeth Nichols, Shawn Ralston
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Value in Inpatient Pediatrics Network sponsored the Improving Care in Community Acquired Pneumonia collaborative with the goal of increasing evidence-based management of children hospitalized with community acquired pneumonia (CAP). Project aims included: increasing use of narrow-spectrum antibiotics, decreasing use of macrolides, and decreasing concurrent treatment of pneumonia and asthma. METHODS: Data were collected through chart review across emergency department (ED), inpatient, and discharge settings...
March 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146079/recurrent-pneumonia-in-children-a-reasoned-diagnostic-approach-and-a-single-centre-experience
#17
REVIEW
Silvia Montella, Adele Corcione, Francesca Santamaria
Recurrent pneumonia (RP), i.e., at least two episodes of pneumonia in one year or three episodes ever with intercritical radiographic clearing of densities, occurs in 7.7%-9% of children with community-acquired pneumonia. In RP, the challenge is to discriminate between children with self-limiting or minor problems, that do not require a diagnostic work-up, and those with an underlying disease. The aim of the current review is to discuss a reasoned diagnostic approach to RP in childhood. Particular emphasis has been placed on which children should undergo a diagnostic work-up and which tests should be performed...
January 29, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125317/pneumococcal-serotype-distribution-a-snapshot-of-recent-data-in-pediatric-and-adult-populations-around-the-world
#18
Yadong A Cui, Harshila Patel, William M O'Neil, Se Li, Patricia Saddier
S. pneumoniae infection remains a serious public health concern despite the availability of vaccines covering up to 23 of more than 94 known serotypes. The purpose of the present study was to monitor recent serotype distribution data. PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Reviews and Ingenta databases were searched. Serotype data covering invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) and non-IPD were extracted from articles published from March 2014 to March 2015. Fifty-nine studies presented pneumococcal serotype prevalence by specific age categories...
January 26, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118145/noninvasive-ventilation-for-patients-in-acute-respiratory-distress-an-update
#19
REVIEW
Nikita Joshi, Molly K Estes, Kayla Shipley, Hyun-Chul Danny Lee
Over the last 20 years, noninvasive ventilation (NIV) strategies have been used with increasing frequency. The ease of use of NIV makes it applicable to patients presenting in a variety of types of respiratory distress. In this review, the physiology of positive pressure ventilation is discussed, including indications, contraindications, and options for mask type and fit. Characteristics of patients who are most likely to benefit from NIV are reviewed, including those in respiratory distress from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbation and cardiogenic pulmonary edema...
February 2017: Emergency Medicine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091700/computed-tomography-localization-of-the-appendix-in-the-pediatric-population-relative-to-the-lumbar-spine
#20
John Davis, Albert T Roh, Matthew B Petterson, Tammy R Kopelman, Samantha L Matz, Daniel G Gridley, Mary J Connell
BACKGROUND: Computed tomography (CT) is commonly used to evaluate suspected acute appendicitis. Although very effective, CT uses ionizing radiation, exposing patients to an increased risk of cancer. OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the potential for decreasing the field of view of the CT (and therefore the dose to the patient) in the evaluation of suspected acute appendicitis in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a retrospective review of prospectively collected data from 212 consecutive patients who underwent CT for suspected acute appendicitis...
January 14, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
keyword
keyword
97888
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"