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Partial body weight support training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832366/whey-protein-consumption-after-resistance-exercise-reduces-energy-intake-at-a-post-exercise-meal
#1
Alistair Monteyne, Alex Martin, Liam Jackson, Nick Corrigan, Ellen Stringer, Jack Newey, Penny L S Rumbold, Emma J Stevenson, Lewis J James
PURPOSE: Protein consumption after resistance exercise potentiates muscle protein synthesis, but its effects on subsequent appetite in this context are unknown. This study examined appetite and energy intake following consumption of protein- and carbohydrate-containing drinks after resistance exercise. METHODS: After familiarisation, 15 resistance training males (age 21 ± 1 years, body mass 78.0 ± 11.9 kg, stature 1.78 ± 0.07 m) completed two randomised, double-blind trials, consisting of lower-body resistance exercise, followed by consumption of a whey protein (PRO 23...
November 10, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762657/rehabilitation-strategies-after-spinal-cord-injury-inquiry-into-the-mechanisms-of-success-and-failure
#2
Marie-Pascale Côté, Marion Murray, Michel A Lemay
Body-weight supported locomotor training (BWST) promotes recovery of load-bearing stepping in lower mammals, but its efficacy in individuals with a spinal cord injury (SCI) is limited and highly dependent on injury severity. While animal models with complete spinal transections recover stepping with step-training, motor complete SCI individuals do not, despite similarly intensive training. In this review, we examine the significant differences between humans and animal models that may explain this discrepancy in the results obtained with BWST...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672753/a-randomized-comparison-of-locomotor-therapy-interventions-partial-body-weight-supported-treadmill-lokomat-%C3%A2-and-g-eo-%C3%A2-training-in-traumatic-brain-injury
#3
Alberto Esquenazi, Stella Lee, Amanda Wikoff, Andrew Packel, Theresa Toczylowski, John Feeley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27085776/aerobic-and-resistance-training-dependent-skeletal-muscle-plasticity-in-the-colon-26-murine-model-of-cancer-cachexia
#4
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Andy V Khamoui, Bong-Sup Park, Do-Houn Kim, Ming-Chia Yeh, Seung-Lyul Oh, Marcus L Elam, Edward Jo, Bahram H Arjmandi, Gloria Salazar, Samuel C Grant, Robert J Contreras, Won Jun Lee, Jeong-Su Kim
PURPOSE: The appropriate mode of exercise training for cancer cachexia is not well-established. Using the colon-26 (C26) mouse model of cancer cachexia, we defined and compared the skeletal muscle responses to aerobic and resistance training. METHODS: Twelve-month old Balb/c mice were initially assigned to control, aerobic training (AT; wheel running), or resistance training (RT; ladder climbing) (n=16-17/group). After 8weeks of training, half of each group was injected with C26 tumor cells, followed by 3 additional weeks of training...
May 2016: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26845732/partial-body-weight-support-treadmill-training-speed-influences-paretic-and-non-paretic-leg-muscle-activation-stride-characteristics-and-ratings-of-perceived-exertion-during-acute-stroke-rehabilitation
#5
Judith M Burnfield, Thad W Buster, Amy J Goldman, Laura M Corbridge, Kellee Harper-Hanigan
BACKGROUND: Intensive task-specific training is promoted as one approach for facilitating neural plastic brain changes and associated motor behavior gains following neurologic injury. Partial body weight support treadmill training (PBWSTT), is one task-specific approach frequently used to improve walking during the acute period of stroke recovery (<1month post infarct). However, only limited data have been published regarding the relationship between training parameters and physiologic demands during this early recovery phase...
June 2016: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26157272/effects-of-conventional-overground-gait-training-and-a-gait-trainer-with-partial-body-weight-support-on-spatiotemporal-gait-parameters-of-patients-after-stroke
#6
Byoung-Sun Park, Mee-Young Kim, Lim-Kyu Lee, Seung-Min Yang, Won-Deok Lee, Ji-Woong Noh, Yong-Sub Shin, Ju-Hyun Kim, Jeong-Uk Lee, Taek-Yong Kwak, Tae-Hyun Lee, Ju-Young Kim, Junghwan Kim
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to confirm the effects of both conventional overground gait training (CGT) and a gait trainer with partial body weight support (GTBWS) on spatiotemporal gait parameters of patients with hemiparesis following chronic stroke. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty stroke patients were alternately assigned to one of two treatment groups, and both groups underwent CGT and GTBWS. [Results] The functional ambulation classification on the affected side improved significantly in the CGT and GTBWS groups...
May 2015: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26081765/does-pragmatically-structured-outpatient-dietary-counselling-reduce-sodium-intake-in-hypertensive-patients-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Marcel Ruzicka, Tim Ramsay, Ann Bugeja, Cedric Edwards, George Fodor, Anne Kirby, Peter Magner, Brendan McCormick, Gigi van der Hoef, Jessica Wagner, Swapnil Hiremath
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is highly prevalent among adults, and is the most important modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular events, in particular stroke. Decreasing sodium intake has the potential to prevent or delay the development of hypertension and improve blood pressure control, independently of blood pressure lowering drugs, among hypertensive patients. Despite guidelines recommending a low sodium diet, especially for hypertensive individuals, sodium intake remains higher than recommended...
2015: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26008873/partial-body-weight-supported-treadmill-training-in-patients-with-parkinson-disease-impact-on-gait-and-clinical-manifestation
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Mohan Ganesan, Talakad N Sathyaprabha, Pramod Kumar Pal, Anupam Gupta
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of conventional gait training (CGT) and partial weight-supported treadmill training (PWSTT) on gait and clinical manifestation. DESIGN: Prospective experimental research design. SETTING: Hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with idiopathic Parkinson disease (PD) (N=60; mean age, 58.15±8.7y) on stable dosage of dopaminomimetic drugs were randomly assigned into the 3 following groups (20 patients in each group): (1) nonexercising PD group, (2) CGT group, and (3) PWSTT group...
September 2015: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25652058/obesity-in-pregnancy-a-qualitative-approach-to-inform-an-intervention-for-patients-and-providers
#9
Michelle A Kominiarek, Franklin Gay, Nadine Peacock
To investigate perceptions of minority pregnant women and providers about obesity and gestational weight gain (GWG), and to explore strategies to improve management of obesity in pregnancy with an emphasis on group prenatal care. Sixteen primarily non-Hispanic black pregnant women with a body mass index ≥ 30 kg/m(2) and 19 prenatal care providers participated in focus groups. Discussion topics included GWG goals, body image, health behaviors, and group prenatal care with additional emphasis on provider training needs...
August 2015: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25636992/over-ground-walking-and-body-weight-supported-walking-improve-mobility-equally-in-cerebral-palsy-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ni Ni Swe, Sunitha Sendhilnnathan, Maayken van Den Berg, Christopher Barr
OBJECTIVE: To assess partial body weight supported treadmill training versus over ground training for walking ability in children with mild to moderate cerebral palsy. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: A Special Needs school in Singapore. SUBJECTS: Thirty children with cerebral palsy, aged 6-18, with a Gross Motor Function Classification System score of II-III. INTERVENTIONS: Two times 30 minute sessions of walking training per week for 8 weeks, progressed as tolerated, either over ground (control) or using partial body weight supported treadmill training (intervention)...
November 2015: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25634107/influence-of-visual-and-auditory-biofeedback-on-partial-body-weight-support-treadmill-training-of-individuals-with-chronic-hemiparesis-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
A Brasileiro, G Gama, L Trigueiro, T Ribeiro, E Silva, É Galvão, A Lindquist
BACKGROUND: Stroke is an important causal factor of deficiency and functional dependence worldwide. OBJECTIVE: To determine the immediate effects of visual and auditory biofeedback, combined with partial body weight supported (PBWS) treadmill training on the gait of individuals with chronic hemiparesis. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Outpatient rehabilitation hospital. POPULATIONS: Thirty subjects with chronic hemiparesis and ability to walk with some help...
February 2015: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25590450/ground-reaction-forces-during-level-ground-walking-with-body-weight-unloading
#12
Ana M F Barela, Paulo B de Freitas, Melissa L Celestino, Marcela R Camargo, José A Barela
BACKGROUND: Partial body weight support (BWS) systems have been broadly used with treadmills as a strategy for gait training of individuals with gait impairments. Considering that we usually walk on level ground and that BWS is achieved by altering the load on the plantar surface of the foot, it would be important to investigate some ground reaction force (GRF) parameters in healthy individuals walking on level ground with BWS to better implement rehabilitation protocols for individuals with gait impairments...
November 2014: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25590296/ground-reaction-forces-during-level-ground-walking-with-body-weight-unloading
#13
Ana M F Barela, Paulo B de Freitas, Melissa L Celestino, Marcela R Camargo, José A Barela
Background: Partial body weight support (BWS) systems have been broadly used with treadmills as a strategy for gait training of individuals with gait impairments. Considering that we usually walk on level ground and that BWS is achieved by altering the load on the plantar surface of the foot, it would be important to investigate some ground reaction force (GRF) parameters in healthy individuals walking on level ground with BWS to better implement rehabilitation protocols for individuals with gait impairments...
January 9, 2015: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25408756/current-issues-and-considerations-about-the-central-role-of-rehabilitation-therapies-in-the-functional-recovery-of-neurological-impairments-after-stroke-in-adults
#14
E Moraru, G Onose
Well-organized acute and intermediate rehabilitation after stroke can provide patients with the best functional results. Several studies led to major changes in recommendations concerning remobilization therapies following stroke. Controlled studies including early mobilization in stands and training with partial body weight support on treadmills and "gait training" systems showed superior results compared to traditional treatment strategies. In case of spasticity and equinovarus and stiff knee pattern following stroke, botulinum neurotoxin A injections and/or casting enable the achievement of adequate alignment of the ankle for stance phase and allow the improvement of joint mobility during swing phase when restricted...
September 15, 2014: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25357148/effects-of-treadmill-inclination-on-hemiparetic-gait-controlled-and-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Gabriela Lopes Gama, Larissa Coutinho de Lucena Trigueiro, Camila Rocha Simão, Angélica Vieira Cavalcanti de Sousa, Emília Marcia Gomes de Souza E Silva, Élida Rayanne Viana Pinheiro Galvão, Ana Raquel Rodrigues Lindquist
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of inclined treadmill training on the kinematic characteristics of gait in subjects with hemiparesis. DESIGN: A blind, randomized, controlled study was conducted with 28 subjects divided into two groups: the control group, submitted to partial body weight-support treadmill gait training with no inclination, and the experimental group, which underwent partial body weight-support treadmill training at 10% of inclination...
September 2015: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25133141/progress-in-sensorimotor-rehabilitative-physical-therapy-programs-for-stroke-patients
#16
REVIEW
Jia-Ching Chen, Fu-Zen Shaw
Impaired motor and functional activity following stroke often has negative impacts on the patient, the family and society. The available rehabilitation programs for stroke patients are reviewed. Conventional rehabilitation strategies (Bobath, Brunnstrom, proprioception neuromuscular facilitation, motor relearning and function-based principles) are the mainstream tactics in clinical practices. Numerous advanced strategies for sensory-motor functional enhancement, including electrical stimulation, electromyographic biofeedback, constraint-induced movement therapy, robotics-aided systems, virtual reality, intermittent compression, partial body weight supported treadmill training and thermal stimulation, are being developed and incorporated into conventional rehabilitation programs...
August 16, 2014: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24897515/lack-of-effect-of-prefeeding-on-food-reinforced-temporal-response-differentiation-and-progressive-ratio-responding
#17
S A Ferguson, M G Paule
To investigate the effects of various prefeeding intervals on operant performance (time of partial satiation prior to assessment), adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were trained on two operant tasks: a temporal response differentiation (TRD) task thought to measure time discrimination and a progressive ratio (PR) task thought to measure motivation to work for food reinforcers. Endpoints included percent task completed, response rate, accuracy (TRD only) and breakpoint (PR only). During the two week baseline period, subjects were fed their daily allotment of food (9-12 g) 23 h prior to assessment...
July 1995: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24856666/attempt-toward-a-development-of-aquatic-exercise-device-for-gait-disorders
#18
Tasuku Miyoshi, Fumie Komatsu, Motoki Takagi, Noritaka Kawashima
Abstract Purpose: To develop an aquatic exercise device to facilitate locomotive motor output and achieve repetitive physiological gait patterns to improve movement dysfunctions. Methods: A custom designed leg movement apparatus (LMA) consisted of closed 4-linkage mechanisms and one-length changeable link using a spring. Three-dimensional motions and electromyographic (EMG) activities were recorded in eight healthy subjects to evaluate the reproducibility of the physiological gait patterns using the LMA with or without a spring apparatus in water...
May 23, 2014: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24747277/exercise-patterns-ingestive-behaviors-and-energy-balance
#19
REVIEW
Jia Li, Lauren E O'Connor, Jing Zhou, Wayne W Campbell
Ingestive and exercise behaviors are important determinants of whole body energy balance and weight control. An acute bout of exercise generates a transient energy deficit, which is only partially compensated for by food intake at the next eating occasion or within the next day (loose dietary coupling). Such an energy deficit, when repeated chronically, leads to moderate weight loss and improved body composition. For this narrative review, we assessed the effects of exercise patterns on energy intake, energy balance, and weight control in adults primarily using results from randomized acute exercise and chronic training studies...
July 2014: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24704677/voluntary-driven-exoskeleton-as-a-new-tool-for-rehabilitation-in-chronic-spinal-cord-injury-a-pilot-study
#20
Mirko Aach, Oliver Cruciger, Matthias Sczesny-Kaiser, Oliver Höffken, Renate Ch Meindl, Martin Tegenthoff, Peter Schwenkreis, Yoshiyuki Sankai, Thomas A Schildhauer
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Treadmill training after traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) has become an established therapy to improve walking capabilities. The hybrid assistive limb (HAL) exoskeleton has been developed to support motor function and is tailored to the patients' voluntary drive. PURPOSE: To determine whether locomotor training with the exoskeleton HAL is safe and can increase functional mobility in chronic paraplegic patients after SCI. DESIGN: A single case experimental A-B (pre-post) design study by repeated assessments of the same patients...
December 1, 2014: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
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