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Venous chronic disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524151/-etiopathogenesis-of-ocular-ischemic-syndrome
#1
D К Makhkamova
Ocular ischemic syndrome (OIS) is a collection of symptoms of carotid and ophthalmic artery disease of common genesis accompanied by ischemia of eyeball membranes. Specifically, the intraocular blood flow becomes impaired due to inflow reduction or arrest, while the venous outflow remains patent. Causes of OIS include arterial hypertension, atherosclerosis, diabetes, aortoarteritis and other vascular diseases. Clinical features depend on the extent, nature, and site of vascular involvement as well as the concurrent pathology...
2017: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511163/-impact-of-physical-activity-on-anthropometric-indices-in-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-pre-diabetes-or-type-2-diabetes
#2
Віталіна В Івачевська
INTRODUCTION: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is currently the most common cause of chronic liver disease in many developed countries. The first step, which is offered to all patients with NAFLD includes lifestyle modifications, low-calorie diet, increased physical activity and giving up smoking. OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the efficiency of the daily 30-minute walking at a fast pace on the dynamics of anthropometric indices in patients with NAFLD and pre-diabetes or type 2 diabetes...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511158/evolution-of-some-indicators-of-systemic-immunity-in-patients-with-acne-while-using-laser-therapy
#3
Marianna Dashko, Orysya Syzon, Iryna Voznyak
INTRODUCTION: One of the important problems in modern dermatology is to improve treatment efficiency of acne being a common cause for cicatricial skin changes, loss of performance capability and social activity and negatively affects the psycho-emotional state of patients and their quality of life. The topicality of the disease is due to the high degree of its proliferation, chronic and recurrent course, and resistance to existing therapies. Reducing the effectiveness of skin diseases treatment, including that of acne, at present, is associated with developing resistance to drugs, which causes the use of non-drug methods in dermatology nowadays, including low-intensity laser therapy...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489214/efficacy-of-bacterial-cellulose-membrane-for-the-treatment-of-lower-limbs-chronic-varicose-ulcers-a-randomized-and-controlled-trial
#4
Luciana Marins Cavalcanti, Flávia Cristina Morone Pinto, Glícia Maria DE Oliveira, Salvador Vilar Correia Lima, José Lamartine DE Andrade Aguiar, Esdras Marques Lins
Objective: to evaluate the efficacy of Bacterial Cellulose (BC) membrane dressings in the treatment of lower limb venous ulcers. Methods: we carried out a prospective, randomized, controlled study of 25 patients with chronic venous ulcer disease in the lower limbs from the Angiology and Vascular Surgery Service of the Federal University of Pernambuco Hospital and from the Salgado Polyclinic of the County Health Department, Caruaru, Pernambuco. We randomly assigned patients to two groups: control group, receiving dressings with triglyceride oil (11 patients) and experimental group, treated with BC membrane (14 patients)...
January 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487772/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-early-acute-kidney-injury-in-nonsurgical-patients-a-cohort-study
#5
Javier Enrique Cely, Elkin José Mendoza, Carlos Roberto Olivares, Oscar Julián Sepúlveda, Juan Sebastián Acosta, Rafael Andrés Barón, Juan José Diaztagle
Introduction. Detecting acute kidney injury (AKI) in the first days of hospitalization could prevent potentially fatal complications. However, epidemiological data are scarce, especially on nonsurgical patients. Objectives. To determine the incidence and risk factors associated with AKI within five days of hospitalization (EAKI). Methods. Prospective cohort of patients hospitalized in the Internal Medicine Department. Results. A total of 16% of 400 patients developed EAKI. The associated risk factors were prehospital treatment with nephrotoxic drugs (2...
2017: International Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485984/vascular-endothelial-mitochondrial-function-predicts-death-or-pulmonary-outcomes-in-preterm-infants
#6
Jegen Kandasamy, Nelida Olave, Scott W Ballinger, Namasivayam Ambalavanan
RATIONALE: Vascular endothelial mitochondrial dysfunction contributes to the pathogenesis of several oxidant stress associated disorders. Oxidant stress is a major contributor to the pathogenesis of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), a chronic lung disease of prematurity that often leads to sequelae in adult survivors. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to identify whether differences in mitochondrial bioenergetic function and oxidant generation in HUVEC (human umbilical venous endothelial cells) obtained from extremely preterm infants were associated with risk for BPD or death before 36 weeks post-menstrual age...
May 9, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485865/chronic-venous-insufficiency-a-review-of-pathophysiology-diagnosis-and-treatment
#7
Bettina Santler, Tobias Goerge
Chronic venous disease is a common disorder associated with a variety of symptoms in later disease stages but also with complications such as venous leg ulcer. This, in turn, has substantial socioeconomic effects and significantly impacts patients' quality of life. While there are a number of diagnostic procedures available, color-flow duplex ultrasound has become the gold standard. As regards therapeutic options, major advances have been made in recent decades. Today, there are alternatives to saphenofemoral ligation and stripping of the great saphenous vein, including endovenous thermal ablation techniques...
May 2017: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485799/decreased-microrna-146a-in-cd4-t-cells-promote-ocular-inflammation-in-thyroid-associated-ophthalmopathy-by-targeting-numb
#8
Z-J Hu, J-F He, K-J Li, J Chen, X-R Xie
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to explore the functional role of miR-146a in CD4+T cells of active thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO) patients and to identify the possible molecular mechanism for the modulation of miR-146a in TAO. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The experimental group collected six cases of peripheral venous blood of patients with active TAO. The healthy control group collected six cases of normal peripheral venous blood. All specimens excluded other eye diseases and autoimmune diseases, tumors, asthma, chronic inflammation, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), recent history of trauma, infection, and showed normal thyroid function...
April 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484717/recent-progress-in-research-on-the-pathogenesis-of-pulmonary-thromboembolism-an-old-story-with-new-perspectives
#9
REVIEW
Chao Yan, Xiaohua Wang, Hua Su, Kejing Ying
Pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) is part of a larger clinicopathological entity, venous thromboembolism. It is also a complex, multifactorial disorder divided into four major disease processes including venous thrombosis, thrombus in transit, acute pulmonary embolism, and pulmonary circulation reconstruction. Even when treated, some patients develop chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension. PTE is also a common fatal type of pulmonary vascular disease worldwide, but earlier studies primarily focused on the pathological changes in the blood component of the disease...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483615/severe-mesenteric-ischemia-in-a-pregnant-woman-with-antiphospholipid-syndrome
#10
Andrea Padricelli, Anna Maria Giribono, Doriana Ferrara, Flavia Spalla, Umberto Bracale, Luca Del Guercio, Giuseppe Servillo, Carlo Ruotolo, Umberto Marcello Bracale
The antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), either primary or secondary form, is considered an autoimmune disease with presence of at least one clinical and one laboratory abnormalities as defined by The Sydney criteria. Clinical criteria include vascular thrombosis of venous, artery, small vessel in any organ and recurrent pregnancy pathologies. Mesenteric ischemia is a rare and threatening manifestation of APS. We herein report a case of 34-years old pregnant woman referred to our Emergency Room with thoracic and abdominal acute pain...
May 5, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481229/parenteral-nutrition-and-intestinal-failure
#11
REVIEW
Barbara Bielawska, Johane P Allard
Severe short bowel syndrome (SBS) is a major cause of chronic (Type 3) intestinal failure (IF) where structural and functional changes contribute to malabsorption and risk of micronutrient deficiencies. Chronic IF may be reversible, depending on anatomy and intestinal adaptation, but most patients require long-term nutritional support, generally in the form of parenteral nutrition (PN). SBS management begins with dietary changes and pharmacologic therapies taking into account individual anatomy and physiology, but these are rarely sufficient to avoid PN...
May 6, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478715/safety-outcomes-of-apixaban-compared-with-warfarin-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease
#12
Stefanie C Sarratt, Ross Nesbit, Robert Moye
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines make no specific recommendations on the selection of direct oral anticoagulants for the prevention and treatment of venous thromboembolism in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) receiving hemodialysis. Based on these guidelines, warfarin remains the anticoagulant of choice in these patients. OBJECTIVE: To compare bleeding rates in patients receiving apixaban or warfarin with ESRD undergoing chronic hemodialysis. METHODS: This was a single-center, retrospective, institutional review board-approved cohort analysis...
June 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468317/serum-profiles-of-cytokines-in-behcet-s-disease
#13
Alireza Sadeghi, Fereydoun Davatchi, Farhad Shahram, Arezoo Karimimoghadam, Majid Alikhani, Aiyoub Pezeshgi, Saeideh Mazloomzadeh, Bahar Sadeghi-Abdollahi, Masoud Asadi-Khiavi
Introduction: Behcet's disease (BD) is a chronic systemic autoinflammatory vasculitis which is handled by the variety of proteins like cytokines. Therefore, cytokines are considered as one of the prototypic factors during inflammatory responses of BD. Consequently, the present study was designed for evaluation of cytokine profiles in Iranian BD cases, including those with and without uveitis. Materials and Method: All cases were divided into three groups based on ophthalmologic exam results: BD with uveitis, BD without uveitis, and recovered uveitis BD...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467223/haddenham-easywrap-the-latest-innovation-in-the-management-of-lymphoedema
#14
Natalie Lee, Sue Lawrence
The use of velcro compression wrapping devices in the management of lymphoedema and chronic oedema is not a new concept. Wraps have been available for many years and are being used widely in clinic and community settings where bandaging or traditional compression garments are not suitable. Furthermore, they are becoming more common when treating venous disease, patients with wounds and lipoedema. The aim of this article is to introduce the reader and clinician to the new Haddenham easywrap and to demonstrate why it is different to any other velcro wrapping device available...
May 1, 2017: British Journal of Community Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467221/audit-of-skin-changes-present-in-referrals-to-a-specialist-lymphoedema-service
#15
Marie Todd, Margaret Key, Margaret Rice, Michelle Salmon
An audit of 100 new patients attending a specialist lymphoedema clinic revealed 52% presented with chronic oedema. More than half (58%) of the chronic oedema group presented with skin changes whereas 14% of those with lipoedema, 4% with lymphoedema of the arm, and 8% with lymphoedema of the leg developed skin changes. None of the primary lymphoedema group developed skin changes. Chronic venous disease (CVD) was significantly more prevalent in the chronic oedema group. More patients with bilateral chronic oedema suffered from cellulitis (41%) compared to unilateral (27%)...
May 1, 2017: British Journal of Community Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465773/treatment-patterns-and-outcomes-in-patients-with-varicose-veins
#16
Rajiv Mallick, Aditya Raju, Chelsey Campbell, Rashad Carlton, David Wright, Kimberly Boswell, Michael Eaddy
BACKGROUND: Approximately 24% of adults in the United States have visible varicose veins, and an estimated 6% have evidence of advanced chronic venous disease. The majority of individuals with varicose veins seek treatment because of symptoms, such as aching, throbbing, fatigue, pruritus, ankle swelling, and tenderness, rather than cosmetic reasons. Furthermore, varicose veins are a manifestation of chronic venous insufficiency, which can progress to leg pain, leg edema, chronic skin changes, and nonhealing ulcers...
November 2016: American Health & Drug Benefits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459920/chronic-venous-insufficiency-novel-management-strategies-for-an-under-diagnosed-disease-process
#17
Omar N Hyder, Peter A Soukas
Chronic venous insufficiency is an often-missed diagnosis that results in a variety of clinical manifestations that may severely compromise quality of life. Prompt recognition is important to provide symptomatic relief and prevent disease progression. Most patients can be treated with a comprehensive plan of conservative measures. However, it is important for providers to recognize those patients who require referral to a vascular specialist for more invasive therapies. Over the past 2 decades, a variety of endovenous strategies have demonstrated effective and lasting results in treatment of severe symptomatic venous insufficiency...
May 1, 2017: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447969/multicomponent-compression-stockings-in-chronic-venous-leg-ulcer-treatment-a-review-of-the-current-literature
#18
Daniele Bissacco, Marco Piercarlo Viani
The role of compression stockings in the treatment of chronic venous disease was amply demonstrated. Concerning patients with chronic venous leg ulcers (VLUs), multi-layer bandage is the standard of care. Recently, multicomponent compression stocking (McCS) systems for VLUs treatment and healing nowaday have been proposed. The aim of this review is to describe and analyze current literature evidence regarding McCS used in VLUs treatment. KEY WORDS: Compression therapy, Compression stockings, Venous leg ulcers...
2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447881/clinical-and-duplex-ultrasound-evaluation-of-lower-extremities-varicose-veins-a-practical-guideline
#19
Luca Spinedi, Pavel Broz, Rolf Peter Engelberger, Daniel Staub, Heiko Uthoff
Lower extremities varicose veins are among the most frequent diseases in the general population. They can cause complaints with a deterioration of the quality of life and are associated with potentially threatening clinical conditions such as chronic venous ulceration, haemorrhage from ruptured varicose veins, and venous thromboembolism. An accurate diagnostic work-up is crucial to confirm the presence and the extension of the venous problem, in order to obtain an optimal management of the condition. In the past years, great efforts have been made to reach an international consensus on the terminology, the symptomatology, the classification, and the duplex ultrasound examination of lower extremities varicose veins...
April 27, 2017: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440731/express-pulmonary-venous-remodeling-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-idiopathic-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#20
Kasper H Andersen, Claus Bøgelund Andersen, Finn Gustafsson, Joern Carlsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Pulmonary Circulation
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