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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102116/the-role-of-participant-responsiveness-on-a-socio-emotional-learning-program
#1
Nádia Salgado Pereira, Alexandra Marques-Pinto
The present study set out to evaluate participant responsiveness, one of the main dimensions of implementation quality, in a Socio-Emotional Learning after-school program using Educational Dance activities, Experiencing Emotions, and also to understand its influence on program outcomes. The sample involved 98 middle-school Portuguese pupils, 53 of whom participated in the program and 45 in after-school control sessions. Outcome measures included pre-test and post-test questionnaires of pupils' socio-emotional skills, well-being and school engagement...
January 19, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102111/applying-relationship-anecdotes-paradigm-interviews-to-study-client-therapist-relationship-narratives-core-conflictual-relationship-theme-analyses
#2
Hadas Wiseman, Orya Tishby
OBJECTIVE: We describe client-therapist relational narratives collected in relationship anecdotes paradigm (RAP) interviews during psychotherapy and the application of the core conflictual relationship theme (CCRT) method. Changes in clients' and therapists' CCRT in relation to each other are examined and associations between their CCRTs and self-reported ruptures and repairs are explored. METHOD: Sixty-seven clients and 27 therapists underwent RAP interviews and completed self-report rupture and repair items at early, middle, and late psychodynamic psychotherapy...
January 19, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101746/music-preferences-friendship-and-externalizing-behavior-in-early-adolescence-a-siena-examination-of-the-music-marker-theory-using-the-snare-study
#3
Aart Franken, Loes Keijsers, Jan Kornelis Dijkstra, Tom Ter Bogt
Music Marker Theory posits that music is relevant for the structuring of peer groups and that rock, urban, or dance music preferences relate to externalizing behavior. The present study tested these hypotheses, by investigating the role of music preference similarity in friendship selection and the development of externalizing behavior, while taking the effects of friends' externalizing behavior into account. Data were used from the first three waves of the SNARE (Social Network Analysis of Risk behavior in Early adolescence) study (N = 1144; 50% boys; M age = 12...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100633/automated-mitotic-spindle-tracking-suggests-a-link-between-spindle-dynamics-spindle-orientation-and-anaphase-onset-in-epithelial-cells
#4
Matthew Larson, William Bement
Proper spindle positioning at anaphase onset is essential for normal tissue organization and function. Here we develop automated spindle tracking software and apply it to characterize mitotic spindle dynamics in the Xenopus laevis embryonic epithelium. We find that metaphase spindles first undergo a sustained rotation that brings them on-axis with their final orientation. This sustained rotation is followed by a set of striking, stereotyped rotational oscillations that bring the spindle into near contact with the cortex and then move it rapidly away from the cortex...
January 18, 2017: Molecular Biology of the Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100460/making-a-song-and-dance-about-trachoma
#5
Richard Hurley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096691/pain-acceptance-potentially-mediates-the-relationship-between-pain-catastrophizing-and-post-surgery-outcomes-among-compensated-lumbar-fusion-patients
#6
Cassie Dance, M Scott DeBerard, Jessica Gundy Cuneo
PURPOSE: Chronic low back pain is highly prevalent and often treatment recalcitrant condition, particularly among workers' compensation patients. There is a need to identify psychological factors that may predispose such patients to pain chronicity. The primary aim of this study was to examine whether pain acceptance potentially mediated the relationship between pain catastrophizing and post-surgical outcomes in a sample of compensated lumbar fusion patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients insured with the Workers Compensation Fund of Utah and who were at least 2 years post-lumbar fusion surgery completed an outcome survey...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096501/science-and-culture-searching-for-shared-inspiration-artists-head-to-the-world-s-largest-science-experiment
#7
Amber Dance
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095105/regular-latin-dancing-and-health-education-may-improve-cognition-of-late-middle-aged-and-older-latinos
#8
David X Marquez, Robert Wilson, Susan Aguiñaga, Priscilla Vásquez, Louis Fogg, Zhi Yang, JoEllen Wilbur, Susan Hughes, Charles Spanbauer
Disparities exist between Latinos and non-Latino whites in cognitive function. Dance is culturally appropriate and challenges individuals physically and cognitively, yet the impact of regular dancing on cognitive function in older Latinos has not been examined. A two-group pilot trial was employed among inactive, older Latinos. Participants (N = 57) participated in the BAILAMOS(©) dance program or a health education program. Cognitive test scores were converted to z-scores and measures of global cognition and specific domains (executive function, episodic memory, working memory) were derived...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086843/evaluation-of-the-good-start-program-a-healthy-eating-and-physical-activity-intervention-for-maori-and-pacific-islander-children-living-in-queensland-australia
#9
Seema Mihrshahi, Lisa Vaughan, Nicola Fa'avale, Shreenika De Silva Weliange, Inez Manu-Sione, Lisa Schubert
BACKGROUND: Reducing the prevalence of obesity and chronic disease are important priorities. Maori and Pacific Islander communities living in Australia have higher rates of obesity and chronic disease than the wider Australian population. This study aims to assess the effectiveness of the Good Start program, which aims to improve knowledge, attitudes and practices related to healthy eating and physical activity amongst Maori and Pacific Islander communities living in Queensland. METHODS: The intervention was delivered to children aged 6-19 years (N = 375) in schools by multicultural health workers...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072582/the-effect-of-system-geometry-and-dose-on-the-threshold-detectable-calcification-diameter-in-2d-mammography-and-digital-breast-tomosynthesis
#10
Andria Hadjipanteli, Premkumar Elangovan, Alistair Mackenzie, Padraig T Looney, Kevin Wells, David R Dance, Kenneth C Young
Digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) is under consideration to replace or to be used in combination with 2D-mammography in breast screening. The aim of this study was the comparison of the detection of microcalcification clusters by human observers in simulated breast images using 2D-mammography, narrow angle (15°/15 projections) and wide angle (50°/25 projections) DBT. The effects of the cluster height in the breast and the dose to the breast on calcification detection were also tested. Simulated images of 6 cm thick compressed breasts were produced with and without microcalcification clusters inserted, using a set of image modelling tools for 2D-mammography and DBT...
February 7, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072573/design-and-application-of-a-structured-phantom-for-detection-performance-comparison-between-breast-tomosynthesis-and-digital-mammography
#11
L Cockmartin, N W Marshall, G Zhang, K Lemmens, E Shaheen, C Van Ongeval, E Fredenberg, D R Dance, E Salvagnini, K Michielsen, H Bosmans
This paper introduces and applies a structured phantom with inserted target objects for the comparison of detection performance of digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) against 2D full field digital mammography (FFDM). The phantom consists of a 48 mm thick breast-shaped polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) container filled with water and PMMA spheres of different diameters. Three-dimensionally (3D) printed spiculated masses (diameter range: 3.8-9.7 mm) and non-spiculated masses (1.6-6.2 mm) along with microcalcifications (90-250 µm) were inserted as targets...
January 10, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070770/a-dance-intervention-for-cancer-survivors-and-their-partners-rhythm
#12
Maria Pisu, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Kelly M Kenzik, Robert A Oster, Chee Paul Lin, Sharon Manne, Ronald Alvarez, Michelle Y Martin
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility, acceptability, and impact of a ballroom dance intervention on improving quality of life (QOL) and relationship outcomes in cancer survivors and their partners. METHODS: We conducted a pilot randomized controlled trial with two arms (Restoring Health in You (and Your Partner) through Movement, RHYTHM): (1) immediate dance intervention and (2) delayed intervention (wait-list control). The intervention consisted of 10 private weekly dance lessons and 2 practice parties over 12 weeks...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069828/lpa1-receptor-mediated-thromboxane-a2-release-is-responsible-for-lysophosphatidic-acid-induced-vascular-smooth-muscle-contraction
#13
Péter Tibor Dancs, Éva Ruisanchez, Andrea Balogh, Cecília Rita Panta, Zsuzsanna Miklós, Rolf M Nüsing, Junken Aoki, Jerold Chun, Stefan Offermanns, Gábor Tigyi, Zoltán Benyó
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) has been recognized recently as an endothelium-dependent vasodilator, but several lines of evidence indicate that it may also stimulate vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), thereby contributing to vasoregulation and remodeling. In the present study, mRNA expression of all 6 LPA receptor genes was detected in murine aortic VSMCs, with the highest levels of LPA1, LPA2, LPA4, and LPA6 In endothelium-denuded thoracic aorta (TA) and abdominal aorta (AA) segments, 1-oleoyl-LPA and the LPA1-3 agonist VPC31143 induced dose-dependent vasoconstriction...
January 9, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062944/what-pauline-doesn-t-know-using-guided-fiction-writing-to-educate-health-professionals-about-cultural-competence
#14
Lise Saffran
Research linking reading literary fiction to empathy supports health humanities programs in which reflective writing accompanies close readings of texts, both to explore principles of storytelling (narrative arc and concrete language) and to promote an examination of biases in care. Little attention has been paid to the possible contribution of guided fiction-writing in health humanities curricula toward enhancing cultural competence among health professionals, both clinical and community-based. Through an analysis of the short story "Pie Dance" by Molly Giles, juxtaposed with descriptions of specific writing exercises, this paper explains how the demands of writing fiction promote cultural competency...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050359/osho-dynamic-meditation-s-effect-on-serum-cortisol-level
#15
Anuj Bansal, Ashish Mittal, Vikas Seth
INTRODUCTION: Dynamic meditation is one of the most popular active meditation, introduced by an Indian mystic Osho in 1970. This one hour meditation consists of five stages: Deep fast chaotic breathing, catharsis, using a mantra "Hoo", silence, and dancing. A previous study observed that Osho dynamic meditation causes decrease in several psychopathological variables such as aggressive behaviour, anxiety and depression. However, it is not objectively established that the dynamic meditation has an anti-stress effect...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048184/su-f-j-95-impact-of-shape-complexity-on-the-accuracy-of-gradient-based-pet-volume-delineation
#16
M Dance, G Wu, Y Gao, S Pirozzi, A Nelson, S Das, J Lian
PURPOSE: Explore correlation of tumor complexity shape with PET target volume accuracy when delineated with gradient-based segmentation tool. METHODS: A total of 24 clinically realistic digital PET Monte Carlo (MC) phantoms of NSCLC were used in the study. The phantom simulated 29 thoracic lesions (lung primary and mediastinal lymph nodes) of varying size, shape, location, and (18) F-FDG activity. A program was developed to calculate a curvature vector along the outline and the standard deviation of this vector was used as a metric to quantify a shape's "complexity score"...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044340/dancing-in-the-dark-darkness-as-a-signal-in-plants
#17
REVIEW
Adam Seluzicki, Yogev Burko, Joanne Chory
Daily cycles of light and dark provide an organizing principle and temporal constraints under which life on Earth evolved. While light is often the focus of plant studies, it is only half the story. Plants continuously adjust to their surroundings, taking both dawn and dusk as cues to organize their growth, development and metabolism to appropriate times of day. In this review, we examine the effects of darkness on plant physiology and growth. We describe the similarities and differences between seedlings grown in the dark versus those grown in light-dark cycles, and the evolution of etiolated growth...
January 3, 2017: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040401/can-the-channelized-hotelling-observer-including-aspects-of-the-human-visual-system-predict-human-observer-performance-in-mammography
#18
R W Bouwman, M Goffi, R E van Engen, M J M Broeders, D R Dance, K C Young, W J H Veldkamp
PURPOSE: In mammography, images are processed prior to display. Model observers (MO) are candidates to objectively evaluate processed images if they can predict human observer performance for detail detection. The aim of this study was to investigate if the channelized Hotelling observer (CHO) can be configured to predict human observer performance in mammography like images. METHODS: The performance correlation between human observers and CHO has been evaluated using different channel-sets and by including aspects of the human visual system (HVS)...
December 28, 2016: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039296/effectiveness-of-senior-dance-on-risk-factors-for-falls-in-older-adults-danse-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Marcia R Franco, Catherine Sherrington, Anne Tiedemann, Leani S Pereira, Monica R Perracini, Claudia R S Faria, Rafael Z Pinto, Carlos M Pastre
INTRODUCTION: Strong evidence shows that exercise is effective to improve fall risk factors among older people. However, older people's participation and adherence to exercise programmes is suboptimal. Type of exercise and apathy are reported to be barriers to exercise participation, suggesting that new effective interventions are needed. The primary aim of this randomised controlled trial is to investigate the effect of Senior Dance plus brief education for falls prevention on balance among people aged 60 years or over, compared with a control group receiving only brief education...
December 30, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031401/segmental-specificity-in-belly-dance-mimics-primal-trunk-locomotor-patterns
#20
Marilee Margaret Nugent, Theodore E Milner
Belly dance was used to investigate control of rhythmic undulating trunk movements in humans. Activation patterns in lumbar erector spinae muscles were recorded using surface electromyography at four segmental levels spanning T10 to L4. Muscle activation patterns for movement tempos of 2 Hz, 3 Hz and as fast as possible (up to 6 Hz) were compared to test the hypothesis that frequency modulates muscle timing, causing pattern changes analogous to gait transitions. Groups of trained and untrained female subjects were compared to test the hypothesis that experience modifies muscle coordination patterns and the capacity for selective motion of spinal segments...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Neurophysiology
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