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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921313/can-the-arts-get-under-the-skin-arts-and-cortisol-for-economically-disadvantaged-children
#1
Eleanor D Brown, Mallory L Garnett, Kate E Anderson, Jean-Philippe Laurenceau
This within-subjects experimental study investigated the influence of the arts on cortisol for economically disadvantaged children. Participants were 310 children, ages 3-5 years, who attended a Head Start preschool and were randomly assigned to participate in different schedules of arts and homeroom classes on different days of the week. Cortisol was sampled at morning baseline and after arts and homeroom classes on two different days at start, middle, and end of the year. For music, dance, and visual arts, grouped and separately, results of piecewise hierarchical linear modeling with time-varying predictors suggested cortisol was lower after an arts versus homeroom class at middle and end of the year but not start of the year...
December 6, 2016: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920794/dance-experience-and-associations-with-cortical-gray-matter-thickness-in-the-aging-population
#2
Shai Porat, Naira Goukasian, Kristy S Hwang, Theodore Zanto, Triet Do, Jonathan Pierce, Shantanu Joshi, Ellen Woo, Liana G Apostolova
INTRODUCTION: We investigated the effect dance experience may have on cortical gray matter thickness and cognitive performance in elderly participants with and without mild cognitive impairment (MCI). METHODS: 39 cognitively normal and 48 MCI elderly participants completed a questionnaire regarding their lifetime experience with music, dance, and song. Participants identified themselves as either dancers or nondancers. All participants received structural 1.5-tesla MRI scans and detailed clinical and neuropsychological evaluations...
September 2016: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Extra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920778/the-dynamics-of-t-and-b-cells-in-lymph-node-during-chronic-hiv-infection-tfh-and-hiv-unhappy-dance-partners
#3
REVIEW
Jung Joo Hong, Kyu-Tae Chang, Francois Villinger
Although the dynamics of germinal center (GC) formation, follicular helper T (TFH) cell recruitment to B cell follicles within lymphoid organs, and changes of lymphoid tissue architecture in HIV/SIV infection have been documented, the underlying immunopathology remains unclear. Here, we summarize what is known regarding the kinetics of TFH cells and GC B cells during the course of infection as well as the potential immunopathological features associated with structural changes in the lymphoid compartment. This review also explores the implications of cell dynamics in the formation and maintenance of viral reservoirs in hyperplastic follicles of secondary lymphoid organs before and after viral suppressive antiretroviral therapy...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912996/alternative-exercise-traditions-in-cancer-rehabilitation
#4
REVIEW
Kathryn J Ruddy, Daniela L Stan, Anjali Bhagra, Mary Jurisson, Andrea L Cheville
Alternative exercise traditions (AETs) such as Pilates, yoga, Tai Chi Chuan, Qigong, and various forms of dance offer the potential to improve diverse outcomes among cancer survivors by reducing adverse symptoms and mood disorders, and by enhancing function. Additionally AETs have emerged as a potential means to address deficits in current disease-focused care delivery models which are marked by prevalent under-treatment of symptoms and physical impairments. Relative to therapeutic exercise in allopathic models, many AETs are comparatively affordable and accessible...
February 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912955/we-think-you-can-dance-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial-of-dance-for-nursing-home-residents-with-moderate-to-severe-dementia
#5
L F Low, S Carroll, D Merom, J R Baker, N Kochan, F Moran, H Brodaty
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility of a dance program for people with moderate to severe dementia living in nursing homeswith regards to recruitment and retention, assessment tools, intervention safety, attendance and engagement. DESIGN: Pilot randomised controlled trial with assessments at weeks 0, 16 and 32. SETTING: A nursing home in Sydney, Australia. INTERVENTIONS: Experienced dance teachers conducted dance groups (intervention) or music appreciation and socialisation groups (control) for 45min, three times a week for 16 weeks...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912941/effects-of-dance-interventions-on-cardiovascular-risk-with-ageing-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Josianne Rodrigues-Krause, Juliano Boufleur Farinha, Mauricio Krause, Álvaro Reischak-Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Exercising, including dancing, has been recommended to improve cardiovascular health of older people. Herein, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis verifying the effects of dance interventions on cardiovascular risk (CVR) in the elderly, comparing dancers to non-exercise controls and other types of exercise, in randomised (RCTs) and non-randomised control trials (nRCTs). Primary/Secondary outcomes: peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak)/anthropometric measurements (body weight, BMI), and lipid profile...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912936/effects-of-mind-body-exercises-on-the-physiological-and-psychosocial-well-being-of-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
JoJo Yan Yan Kwok, Kai Chow Choi, Helen Yue Lai Chan
OBJECTIVES: The effects of mind-body exercises on individuals with chronic illnesses have attracted increasing attention. However, little effort had been made to systematically review the effects of these mind-body exercises on individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD). This review aimed to appraise the current evidence of the effects of mind-body exercises on the physiological and psychological outcomes for the PD population. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908665/diffuse-resistance-courtship-in-the-scorpion-rhopalurus-rochai-scorpiones-buthidae
#8
Shayanne Chantall-Rocha, Hilton F Japyassú
Male-female courtship signals are frequently subject to arms races, with patterns of behaviour evolving reciprocally to manipulate the reproductive output. Female resistance should be particularly effective when asymmetrical offspring care occurs under low and unpredictable resource distribution, because this would increase maternal costs. Our hypothesis is that under these conditions females will evolve diffuse mating strategies to avoid predictable exploitation by male optimal counter tactics. Mating in scorpions is a complex process, and female resistance occurs through specific behaviours...
November 28, 2016: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906984/balance-and-muscle-strength-in-elderly-women-who-dance-samba
#9
Marcos Maurício Serra, Angelica Castilho Alonso, Mark Peterson, Luis Mochizuki, Júlia Maria D'Andréa Greve, Luiz Eugênio Garcez-Leme
Considering the growth of the aging population, and the increasing risk for falls and related morbidity, it is vital to seek efficient, comprehensive, and culturally relevant prevention programs for elderly people to reduce risks for falls. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the postural balance and muscle strength among women participating in the "Wing of Baianas" in the carnival parades. One hundred and ten women, with an average age of 67.4±5.9 years, were divided into two groups: Baianas group-elderly participants of the carnival parades in the "Wing of Baianas", and a Control group of women who do not dance samba...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900894/value-of-music
#10
Nicky Hayes, Dawne Garrett
Groups that engage residents in singing, dancing or music are becoming common in care homes, and are likely to have health and social benefits for many people.
November 30, 2016: Nursing Older People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895518/single-leg-squats-can-predict-leg-alignment-in-dancers-performing-ballet-movements-in-turnout
#11
Luke S Hopper, Nahoko Sato, Andries L Weidemann
The physical assessments used in dance injury surveillance programs are often adapted from the sports and exercise domain. Bespoke physical assessments may be required for dance, particularly when ballet movements involve "turning out" or external rotation of the legs beyond that typically used in sports. This study evaluated the ability of the traditional single-leg squat to predict the leg alignment of dancers performing ballet movements with turnout. Three-dimensional kinematic data of dancers performing the single-leg squat and five ballet movements were recorded and analyzed...
2016: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889130/can-the-non-pre-whitening-model-observer-including-aspects-of-the-human-visual-system-predict-human-observer-performance-in-mammography
#12
R W Bouwman, R E van Engen, M J M Broeders, G J den Heeten, D R Dance, K C Young, W J H Veldkamp
PURPOSE: In mammography, images are processed prior to display. Current methodologies based on physical image quality measurements are however not designed for the evaluation of processed images. Model observers (MO) might be suitable for this evaluation. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the non-pre-whitening (NPW) MO can be used to predict human observer performance in mammography-like images by including different aspects of the human visual system (HVS). METHODS: The correlation between human and NPW MO performance has been investigated for the detection of disk shaped objects in simulated white noise (WN) and clustered lumpy backgrounds (CLB), representing quantum noise limited and mammography-like images respectively...
November 23, 2016: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880850/visual-enhancement-of-illusory-phenomenal-accents-in-non-isochronous-auditory-rhythms
#13
Yi-Huang Su
Musical rhythms encompass temporal patterns that often yield regular metrical accents (e.g., a beat). There have been mixed results regarding perception as a function of metrical saliency, namely, whether sensitivity to a deviant was greater in metrically stronger or weaker positions. Besides, effects of metrical position have not been examined in non-isochronous rhythms, or with respect to multisensory influences. This study was concerned with two main issues: (1) In non-isochronous auditory rhythms with clear metrical accents, how would sensitivity to a deviant be modulated by metrical positions? (2) Would the effects be enhanced by multisensory information? Participants listened to strongly metrical rhythms with or without watching a point-light figure dance to the rhythm in the same meter, and detected a slight loudness increment...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872744/association-between-sports-type-and-overuse-injuries-of-extremities-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Charlène Chéron, Christine Le Scanff, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde
BACKGROUND: Sporting activities can cause injuries and overuse injuries of the extremities (OIE) in children have been shown to be more common than injuries caused by trauma. The lower extremity is more frequently affected than the upper extremity in OIE, but it is not known whether injury site and diagnosis vary in different sporting activities. PURPOSE: To identify any differences between sports in relation to diagnoses and anatomical areas most likely to be injured...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871233/a-retrospective-analysis-of-melioidosis-in-cambodian-children-2009-2013
#15
Paul Turner, Sabine Kloprogge, Thyl Miliya, Sona Soeng, Pisey Tan, Poda Sar, Pagnarith Yos, Catrin E Moore, Vanaporn Wuthiekanun, Direk Limmathurotsakul, Claudia Turner, Nicholas P J Day, David A B Dance
BACKGROUND: Melioidiosis, infection by Burkholderia pseudomallei, is an important but frequently under-recognised cause of morbidity and mortality in Southeast Asia and elsewhere in the tropics. Data on the epidemiology of paediatric melioidosis in Cambodia are extremely limited. METHODS: Culture-positive melioidosis cases presenting to Angkor Hospital for Children, a non-governmental paediatric hospital located in Siem Reap, Northern Cambodia, between 1(st) January 2009 and 31(st) December 2013 were identified by searches of hospital and laboratory databases and logbooks...
November 21, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869527/impact-of-touring-performance-schedule-and-definitions-on-1-year-injury-rates-in-a-modern-dance-company
#16
Shaw Bronner, Lily Wood
There is ongoing debate about how to define injury in dance: the most encompassing one or a time-loss definition. We examined the relationship between touring, performance schedule and injury definition on injury rates in a professional modern dance company over one-year. In-house healthcare management tracked 35 dancers for work-related musculoskeletal injuries (WMSI), time-loss injuries (TLinj), complaints, and exposure. The year was divided into 6 segments to allow comparison of effects of performance, rehearsal, and touring...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865013/dancing-around-families-neonatal-nurses-and-child-protection
#17
Tina Saltmarsh, Denise Wilson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the processes neonatal intensive care nurses used in their child protection role with pre-term infants. BACKGROUND: Neonatal nurses' screening for family violence is important in identifying at-risk preterm infants requiring protection upon discharge from neonatal intensive care settings. We know little about neonatal nurses and their role in child protection. DESIGN: A qualitative research design using Glaserian Grounded Theory...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860543/asf1b-chaperones-histone-3-3-to-the-%C3%AE-cell-cycle-dance
#18
Ronadip R Banerjee, Sushant Bhatnagar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 18, 2016: Cell Cycle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860484/effects-of-praise-dance-on-the-quality-of-life-of-chinese-women
#19
Joanne Wai-Yee Chung, Bonny Yee-Man Wong, Jing-Han Chen, Margaret Wai Ling Chung
OBJECTIVE: Religion, spirituality, and health are inseparable in human history. Yet, the effects of religion and spirituality on health are controversial. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of praise dance on the quality of life (QoL) of women with or without medically diagnosed diseases. METHOD: This was a pretest-posttest study with one convenience sample that took place at Praise Dance Association Hong Kong (PDA) centers. Two hundred and fifty-six Chinese adult females participated...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858690/the-effects-of-a-standardized-belly-dance-program-on-perceived-pain-disability-and-function-in-women-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#20
Tabitha Castrillon, William J Hanney, Carey E Rothschild, Morey J Kolber, Xinliang Liu, Michael Masaracchio
BACKGROUND: An alternative approach to facilitate movement and control through the trunk and pelvis is belly dancing. Investigations of belly dancing mechanics indicate similar muscular activation patterns of those known to influence chronic low back pain (cLBP). However, no documented studies have examined its effectiveness as a treatment for cLBP. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of a standardized belly dance program in women with cLBP...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
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