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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934954/clostridium-difficile-infection-in-the-lao-people-s-democratic-republic-first-isolation-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
Elaine Cheong, Tamalee Roberts, Sayaphet Rattanavong, Thomas V Riley, Paul N Newton, David A B Dance
BACKGROUND: Current knowledge of the epidemiology of Clostridium difficile infection in Asia, and in particular the Greater Mekong Subregion, is very limited. Only a few studies from Thailand and Vietnam have been reported from the region with variable testing methods and results, and no studies from Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR). Therefore we investigated the presence of C. difficile in a single centre in the Lao PDR and determined the ribotypes present. METHOD: Seventy unformed stool samples from hospital inpatients at Mahosot Hospital, Vientiane, were tested for the presence of C...
September 21, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933613/a-randomized-controlled-feasibility-trial-exploring-partnered-ballroom-dancing-for-people-with-parkinson-s-disease
#2
D Kunkel, C Fitton, L Roberts, R M Pickering, H C Roberts, R Wiles, S Hulbert, J Robison, A Ashburn
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility of a Dance Centre delivering a programme of mixed dances to people with Parkinson's and identify suitable outcomes for a future definitive trial. DESIGN: A two-group randomized controlled feasibility trial. METHODS: People with Parkinson's were randomized to a control or experimental group (ratio 15:35), alongside usual care. In addition, participants in the experimental group danced with a partner for one hour, twice-a-week for 10 weeks; professional dance teachers led the classes and field-notes were kept...
October 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926563/dance-to-the-rhythm-cautiously-isolating-unique-indicators-of-oscillatory-entrainment
#3
Assaf Breska, Leon Y Deouell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918820/on-gray-dancing-constructions-of-age-normality-through-choreography-and-temporal-codes
#4
Clary Krekula, Markus Arvidson, Satu Heikkinen, Andreas Henriksson, Eva Olsson
Against the background of population aging, older peoples dance has attracted attention in research and its health promoting effects and social meanings have been brought to the fore. In this article we focus on the context and power dimensions of dance with an emphasis on the organizing of dance among older adults in terms of social discourses and age relationships. On the basis of qualitative interviews with 33 older dancers and 11 dance providers in Sweden, the study illustrates how dance is organized through social discourses on healthism and on the increasing group of older people as a powerful consumer group...
August 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917359/dance-is-more-than-therapy-qualitative-analysis-on-therapeutic-dancing-classes-for-parkinson-s
#5
Priscila A Rocha, Susan C Slade, Jodie McClelland, Meg E Morris
OBJECTIVES: To understand the benefits and limitations of therapeutic dancing classes for people with Parkinson's disease (PD) and how best to design and implement classes. DESIGN: A stakeholder forum explored the opinions of 18 allied health clinicians, dance instructors, people with PD and caregivers. Data were thematically analysed and interpreted within a grounded theory framework. RESULTS: Four main themes were identified: (1) the need to consider the stage of disease progression when designing classes; (2) recognition that dance is more than just therapy; (3) the benefits of carefully selecting music to move by; (4) ways to design classes that are both feasible and engaging...
October 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916178/the-cerebellum-s-contribution-to-beat-interval-discrimination
#6
S Paquette, S Fujii, H C Li, G Schlaug
From expert percussionists to individuals who cannot dance, there are widespread differences in people's abilities to perceive and synchronize with a musical beat. The aim of our study was to identify candidate brain regions that might be associated with these abilities. For this purpose, we used Voxel-Based-Morphometry to correlate inter-individual differences in performance on the Harvard Beat Assessment Tests (H-BAT) with local inter-individual variations in gray matter volumes across the entire brain space in 60 individuals...
September 12, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914430/position-paper-recommendations-for-a-digital-mammography-quality-assurance-program%C3%A2-v4-0
#7
J C P Heggie, P Barnes, L Cartwright, J Diffey, J Tse, J Herley, I D McLean, F J Thomson, R K Grewal, L T Collins
In 2001 the ACPSEM published a position paper on quality assurance in screen film mammography which was subsequently adopted as a basis for the quality assurance programs of both the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Radiologists (RANZCR) and of BreastScreen Australia. Since then the clinical implementation of digital mammography has been realised and it has become evident that existing screen-film protocols were not appropriate to assure the required image quality needed for reliable diagnosis or to address the new dose implications resulting from digital technology...
September 15, 2017: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911312/persistent-epigenetic-memory
#8
Amber Dance
Nematodes transmit environmental information, such as temperature or food availability, across generations. Amber Dance looks at how this is possible.
September 1, 2017: BioTechniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910627/dancing-with-the-stars-phenolic-glycolipids-partners-with-macrophages
#9
Micah D Dunlap, Shabaana A Khader
How Mycobacterium leprae infection causes demyelination to mediate leprosy pathogenesis has been a long-standing question. In a recent Cell paper, Madigan et al. (2017) use a zebrafish model of M. leprae infection to show that infected macrophages patrol axons to trigger mitochondrial damage and induce demyelination of nerve cells.
September 13, 2017: Cell Host & Microbe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910132/modified-african-ngoma-healing-ceremony-for-stress-reduction-a-pilot-study
#10
Ava LaVonne Vinesett, Riitta Rutanen Whaley, Cheryl Woods-Giscombe, Paul Dennis, Medina Johnson, Yin Li, Pline Mounzeo, Mabiba Baegne, Kenneth H Wilson
OBJECTIVE: Indigenous people's ceremonies using rhythm and dance have been used for countless generations throughout the world for healing, conflict resolution, social bonding, and spiritual experience. A previous study reported that a ceremony based on the Central African ngoma tradition was favorably received by a group of Americans. The present trial compared the effects of the modified ngoma ceremony (Ngoma) with those of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) in a randomized pilot study...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899976/core-concept-human-artificial-chromosomes-offer-insights-therapeutic-possibilities-and-challenges
#11
Amber Dance
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899139/moving-from-within-the-maternal-the-choreography-of-analytic-eroticism
#12
Dianne Elise
With Kristeva's concept of maternal eroticism (2014) as starting point, the "multiverse" of mother/child erotic sensibilities-the dance of the semiotic chora-is explored and a parallel engagement proposed within the analytic dyad. The dance of psychoanalysis is not the creative product of the patient's mind alone. Clinical work invites, requires, a choreographic engagement by the clinician in interplay with the patient. The clinician's analytic activity is thus akin to choreography: the structuring of a dance, or of a session, expresses an inner impulse brought into narrative form...
February 2017: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891519/following-during-physically-coupled-joint-action-engages-motion-area-mt-v5
#13
Léa A S Chauvigné, Michel Belyk, Steven Brown
Interpersonal coordination during joint action depends on the perception of the partner's movements. In many such situations - for example, while moving furniture together or dancing a tango - there are kinesthetic interactions between the partners due to the forces shared between them that allow them to directly perceive one another's movements. Joint action of this type often involves a contrast between the roles of leader and follower, where the leader imparts forces onto the follower, and the follower has to be responsive to these force-cues during movement...
2017: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889178/music-and-speech-distractors-disrupt-sensorimotor-synchronization-effects-of-musical-training
#14
Anita Białuńska, Simone Dalla Bella
Humans display a natural tendency to move to the beat of music, more than to the rhythm of any other auditory stimulus. We typically move with music, but rarely with speech. This proclivity is apparent early during development and can be further developed over the years via joint dancing, singing, or instrument playing. Synchronization of movement to the beat can thus improve with age, but also with musical experience. In a previous study, we found that music perturbed synchronization with a metronome more than speech fragments; music superiority disappeared when distractors shared isochrony and the same meter (Dalla Bella et al...
September 9, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880595/lower-leg-and-foot-contributions-to-turnout-in-university-level-female-ballet-dancersa-preliminary-investigation
#15
Sarah L Carter, Alan R Bryant, Luke S Hopper
BACKGROUND: Turnout in ballet is produced through summation of the joint structure characteristics and ranges of motion at the hip, knee, ankle, and foot. Contributions of the hip joint to functional turnout in dancers have received extensive examination, whereas little is known about contributions from the knee, ankle, and foot. The aim of this study was to explore the nonhip components of turnout to dancers' functional turnout in first position by assessing passive external tibiofemoral rotation and active measures of foot pronation, ie, navicular drop and Foot Posture Index...
July 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879073/process-evaluation-of-a-culturally-tailored-physical-activity-intervention-in-african-american-mother-daughter-dyads
#16
Sarah Burkart, Christine W St Laurent, Sofiya Alhassan
The purpose of this study was to describe process evaluation data including intervention fidelity, dosage, quality, participant responsiveness, and program reach for the Mothers And dauGhters daNcing togEther Trial (MAGNET) in Springfield, MA, in Spring 2013 and 2014. Seventy-six mother-daughter dyads were randomized to the mother-daughter group (CH-M, n = 28), the child-only group (CH, n = 25), or the health education group (CON, n = 23). CH-M consisted of 60 min of moderate-to-vigorous culturally-tailored dance classes for dyads...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878460/the-effects-of-dance-music-jump-rope-exercise-on-pulmonary-function-and-body-mass-index-after-music-jump-rope-exercise-in-overweight-adults-in-20-s
#17
KyoChul Seo
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a dance music jump rope exercise on changes Pulmonary Function and body mass index in female overweight subjects in their 20's. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were randomly assigned to the dance music jump rope exercise group and the stationary cycle exercise group. All subjects have conducted the exercises three times a week for four weeks. Pulmonary function was evaluated using a spirometer, and body mass index was evaluated using an InBody 3...
August 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873419/gender-and-autistic-traits-modulate-implicit-motor-synchrony
#18
Miao Cheng, Masaharu Kato, Chia-Huei Tseng
Interpersonal motor synchrony during walking or dancing is universally observed across cultures, and this joint movement was modulated by physical and social parameters. However, human interactions are greatly shaped by our unique traits, and self-related factors are surprisingly little studied in the context of interpersonal motor synchrony. In this study, we investigated two such factors known to be highly associated with motor coordination: gender and autistic traits. We employed a real-world task extending our understanding beyond laboratory tasks...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871906/dance-psychology-for-artistic-and-performance-excellence
#19
Gigi Berardi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871904/the-biomechanics-and-motor-control-of-tap-dancing
#20
Priscila Rocha, Jodie McClelland, Tony Sparrow, Meg E Morris
Although tap dancing is a popular dance genre, little is known about the biomechanics and motor control of this complex motor skill. We conducted a detailed 3D kinematic analysis of movement timing, amplitude, and symmetry in three experienced female tap dancers. Kinematic analyzes of three basic tap dance steps (nerve beats, brush brush stamps, and heel ball walks) were undertaken. A 10-camera Vicon motion analysis system was used to collect the data. The results showed the feet and knees to play a major role in movement execution...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
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