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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766142/improving-life-expectancy-a-broken-neck-doesn-t-have-to-be-a-terminal-diagnosis-for-the-elderly
#1
Laura N Godat, Leslie M Kobayashi, David C Chang, Raul Coimbra
Background: Elderly patients with cervical spine fractures require optimal care. Treatment with a cervical collar or halo instead of surgical fixation may increase mortality. This investigation intends to describe the life expectancy after injury and evaluate the impact of surgical intervention on mortality. Methods: Patients ≥65 years, with traumatic cervical spine fractures without cord injury were identified in the 1995-2009 California Office of Statewide Health and Planning database...
2018: Trauma surgery & acute care open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732590/preparation-and-observation-methods-can-produce-misleading-artefacts-in-human-sperm-ultrastructural-morphology
#2
W-J Zhu
The aim of this study was to evaluate the production of artefacts during preparation and observation of human sperm for ultrastructural morphology and analyse the possible reasons of causing these artefacts. Under the scanning electron microscopy, damaged sperm heads (crack or/and rupture), necks (head-neck or head-midpiece separation) and midpiece (disassembled and denuded axoneme ultrastructures, bent midpiece) were analysed to be the consequence of exogenous effects. Thirty infertile men with teratozoospermia revealed more spermatozoa with damage to head, neck and midpiece than did thirty fertile males (p < ...
May 7, 2018: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683045/accidental-cut-throat-injuries-from-the-broken-windshield-of-an-auto-rickshaw-two-unusual-cases
#3
Rajanikanta Swain, Shivani Dhaka, Munish Sharma, Mantaran Singh Bakshi, O P Murty, Asit Kumar Sikary
Accidental cut-throat injuries are extremely rare and usually involve a sharp-edged weapon. In this paper, two cases of a cut-throat wound to two auto-rickshaw drivers are presented where the broken windshield of the auto-rickshaws was responsible for the wounds. In both the cases, fatal incised wounds were present over the neck, cutting the soft tissue along with the major vessels. The death occurred due to exsanguination caused by neck-vessel injury in one case and trachea along with neck-vessel injury in the second case...
January 1, 2018: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600270/intrapelvic-protrusion-of-a-broken-guide-wire-fragment-during-fixation-of-a-femoral-neck-fracture
#4
Uttam Chand Saini, Nirmal Raj Gopinathan, Sameer Aggarwal, Ramesh Sen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517793/molecular-mechanism-of-vesicle-division-induced-by-coupling-between-lipid-geometry-and-membrane-curvatures
#5
Naohito Urakami, Takehiro Jimbo, Yuka Sakuma, Masayuki Imai
We investigated the effects of lipid geometry on vesicle division using coarse grained molecular dynamics simulations. When the vesicle is composed of zero and negative spontaneous curvature lipids (ZSLs and NSLs), the difference in their molecular spontaneous curvatures destabilizes the neck of the limiting shape vesicle. In the vesicle division pathway, the neck developed into the stalk intermediates. The stalk was broken when the NSLs were expelled from the stalk. Free energy analysis shows that the coupling between the lipid geometry and the Gaussian rigidity is responsible for the observed vesicle division...
April 25, 2018: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444577/classification-of-scapular-body-fractures
#6
J Bartonicek, D Klika, M Tucek
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to present, on the basis of 3D CT reconstructions of 187 of scapular body fractures, a clinically oriented classification respecting the biomechanical architecture of the scapula. METHODS: In a series of 375 scapula fractures we identified 187 body fractures in187 patients (157 men, 30 women) with the mean age of 48 years (range; 16100 years). 3D CT reconstructions were obtainedof all fractures, to allow an objective evaluation of the fracture pattern...
2018: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440477/the-man-with-two-broken-hips-neck-of-femur-fracture-with-previous-girdlestone-arthroplasty
#7
Nainesha Kulkarni, Abhishek Chitnis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 12, 2018: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342249/splice-expression-variation-analysis-seva-for-inter-tumor-heterogeneity-of-gene-isoform-usage-in-cancer
#8
Bahman Afsari, Theresa Guo, Michael Considine, Liliana Florea, Luciane T Kagohara, Genevieve L Stein-O'Brien, Dylan Kelley, Emily Flam, Kristina D Zambo, Patrick K Ha, Donald Geman, Michael F Ochs, Joseph A Califano, Daria A Gaykalova, Alexander V Favorov, Elana J Fertig
Motivation: Current bioinformatics methods to detect changes in gene isoform usage in distinct phenotypes compare the relative expected isoform usage in phenotypes. These statistics model differences in isoform usage in normal tissues, which have stable regulation of gene splicing. Pathological conditions, such as cancer, can have broken regulation of splicing that increases the heterogeneity of the expression of splice variants. Inferring events with such differential heterogeneity in gene isoform usage requires new statistical approaches...
January 12, 2018: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238733/the-impact-of-body-checking-on-youth-ice-hockey-injuries
#9
David P Trofa, Caroline N Park, Manish S Noticewala, T Sean Lynch, Christopher S Ahmad, Charles A Popkin
Background: Body checking is a common cause of youth ice hockey injuries. Consequently, USA Hockey raised the minimum age at which body checking is permitted from the Pee Wee level (11-12 years old) to the Bantam level (13-14 years old) in 2011. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this investigation was to determine the impact of body checking on the distribution of injuries reported in youth ice hockey players. We hypothesized that the elimination of body checking at the Pee Wee level would lower the frequency of serious injuries, particularly concussions...
December 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194290/ultrasound-identifies-broken-drainage-tube-postthyroidectomy
#10
Jiayi Xing, Jian Wang, Shanshan You, Jianchu Li
Drains are routinely used after thyroidectomy and lateral neck dissection. In rare cases, the drainage tube is broken and retained in the neck. It is difficult to identify the sonographic features of the remnant tube due to variable reasons. However, through comparative and phantom observations, we noticed the double-tract sign of the tube wall and drainage holes as the key points to solving this problem. We report such a case of the ultrasound-guided localization of a broken drainage tube that was retained in the patient...
November 29, 2017: Ultrasound Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122235/-acute-stress-and-broken-heart-syndrome-a-case-report
#11
Juliana Vergel, Sebastián Tamayo-Orozco, Andrés Felipe Vallejo-Gómez, María Teresa Posada, Diana Restrepo
INTRODUCTION: Stress has been associated with an acute heart failure syndrome of important morbidity and mortality. METHODS: Case report and non-systematic review of the relevant literature. CASE PRESENTATION: A 65-year-old woman with a history of an untreated generalized anxiety disorder, whom after the violent death of her son presented with oppressive chest pain irradiated to neck and left superior extremity, lasting for more than 30minutes, initial clinical suspect suggests acute coronary syndrome...
October 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082427/cementless-modular-neck-stems-are-they-a-safe-option-in-primary-total-hip-arthroplasty
#12
José M Pelayo-de-Tomás, José L Rodrigo-Pérez, Carlos D Novoa-Parra, Alejandro Lizaur-Utrilla, María Morales-Suárez-Varela, José Antonio Blas-Dobón
PURPOSE: The objective was to assess aseptic complications and functional outcome using a primary total hip arthroplasty with modular neck. METHODS: Prospective cohort of 317 consecutive patients. The mean age was 61.1 (range, 41-84) years. The H-Max-M model (Lima, Italy) system was used in all patients. The functional assessment was made by the Harris Hip Score, Short Form-36 (SF-36), Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index and visual analogue scale for pain...
October 29, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894387/modic-changes-of-the-cervical-spine-t1-slope-and-its-impact-on-axial-neck-pain
#13
Jia Li, Shuhui Qin, Yongqian Li, Yong Shen
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the research was to evaluate cervical sagittal parameters on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with Modic changes and its impact on axial neck pain. METHODS: This study consisted of 266 consecutive asymptomatic or symptomatic patients with Modic changes, whose average age was 50.9±12.6 years from January 2015 to December 2016. Cervical sagittal parameters included sagittal alignment of the cervical spine (SACS), T1 slope, thoracic inlet angle (TIA), and neck tilt (NT)...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845380/endovascular-extraction-of-a-needle-from-the-internal-carotid-artery-a-novel-approach-to-a-controversial-dental-misadventure
#14
Jonathan P Giurintano, Jessica Somerville, Merry Sebelik, Daniel Hoit, L Madison Michael, Courtney B Shires
Objective  To review the literature concerning the management of dental needles broken off into the deep spaces of the neck, to report what we believe is the first case of a fractured dental needle migrating into the jugular foramen, and the unconventional use of endovascular intervention to retrieve the needle fragment. Design  Case report with review of literature. Setting  Academic tertiary care center. Participants  Intervention was performed by the otolaryngology-head and neck surgery, vascular surgery, and neurovascular interventional radiology teams...
July 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719564/the-new-apgar-score-a-checklist-to-enhance-quality-of-life-in-geriatric-patients-with-hip-fracture
#15
Joseph Bernstein, Sara Weintraub, Eric Hume, Mark D Neuman, Stephen L Kates, Jaimo Ahn
For geriatric patients with hip fractures, the broken bone is the reason for admission, but only part of the overall disease. Indeed, it may be more helpful to consider the patient having geriatric hip fracture syndrome or sustaining a hip attack, as there are many associated medical, social, psychological, and other problems to which attention must be paid. To that end, we have identified a series of 10 steps, collected into a checklist, that can be undertaken for all patients with geriatric hip fracture. In homage to the maxim "we come into the world under the brim of the pelvis and go out through the neck of the femur," we defined our checklist by the acronym APGAR SCORE, named after the classic checklist of the same name used to assess a newborn child...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610833/yes-your-neck-is-broken-lessons-from-a-radiologist-in-the-surgical-intensive-care-unit
#16
Noy Bassik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597665/-injuries-associated-with-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-in-non-survivors-after-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-autopsy-study
#17
Lucia Ihnát Rudinská, Petr Hejna, Margita Smatanová, Peter Ihnát, Igor Dvořáček
The aim of the present study is to investigate incidence and seriousness of CPR-associated injuries on a cohort of CPR non-survivors after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in the Moravian-Silesian region. In total, 80 persons were included in the study within the study period (2012 - 2015). CPR-associated injuries were identified in 75 (93.7 %) persons, multiple injuries were found in 73 persons. Spectrum of identified injuries covered skin injuries of the upper half of the body, head and neck injuries, rare abdominal injuries and very frequent thorax injuries...
2017: Soudní Lékarství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271090/intrapelvic-protrusion-of-a-broken-guide-wire-fragment-during-fixation-of-a-femoral-neck-fracture
#18
Ahmadreza Afshar
During fixation of a femoral neck fracture in a 23-year-old male patient with cannulated screws, a broken guide wire fragment inadvertently advanced through the hip joint and protruded into the pelvis. A second surgical approach was needed to remove the broken fragment from the pelvis. Awareness of such a potentially devastating complication will make surgeons more cautious during implementation of orthopedic instruments and increases patient's safety during surgery.
January 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229355/femoral-shaft-osteotomy-for-obligate-outward-rotation-due-to-scfe
#19
Peter M Stevens, Lucas Anderson, Bruce A MacWilliams
Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is an adolescent disease that leads to retroversion of the femoral neck and shaft, relative to the head. Observing that patients with SCFE must walk with an outward foot progression angle and externally rotate the leg in order to flex the hip, we have been performing a femoral shaft rotational osteotomy wherein we rotate the lower femur 45° inward, relative to the upper femur. By correcting retroversion, our goal is to improve functional hip and knee motion, thereby mitigating the effects of SCFE impingement...
April 2017: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987513/-preliminary-clinical-evaluation-of-the-esthetic-effect-of-deep-discolored-anterior-teeth-restored-with-zirconia-veneers
#20
T F Zhou, X Z Wang, J Y Liu, Q Sun, X K Wang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the esthetic effect of deep discolored anterior teeth restored by zirconia veneers. METHODS: Small defected deep discolored anterior teeth with complete root canal therapy were restored by zirconia veneers (n=15). The same name teeth on the other side of the same dental arch were chosen as control teeth. The color difference values ΔE of the neck 1/3, the middle 1/3 and the incisor 1/3 between the deep discolored tooth and the normal control tooth before and after therapy were measured to evaluate the esthetic effect of zirconia veneer restoration...
December 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
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