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copper rice

Lingfei Shangguan, Xiang Fang, Lide Chen, Liwen Cui, Jinggui Fang
Grapevine autophagy-related genes (ARGs) include 35 members that have unique evolutionary backgrounds and expression patterns, with some of them responding to abiotic stresses, including copper stress. Autophagy is one of the most crucial self-regulating phenomena in livings organisms, including animals, plants, yeasts, etc. In the genomes of plants, like Arabidopsis, rice, tobacco, and barley, more than 30 autophagy-related genes (ARGs) have been found. These ARGs are involved in plant development, programed cell death, and the stress response process...
March 14, 2018: Planta
Pei Li, De-Yu Hu, Dandan Xie, Jixiang Chen, Linhong Jin, Song Baoan
This study aimed to synthesize some new sulfone derivatives containing a 1,3,4-oxadiazole moiety and investigate their in vitro antibacterial activities against Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo) and Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri (Xac), the pathogens of rice bacterial leaf blight and citrus canker, respectively, by performing turbidimeter tests. Antibacterial-bioassay results showed that compound 6d revealed excellent bioactivities against Xoo and Xac, with the 50% effective concentration (EC50) values of 0...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Zhou Li, Hong Su, Li Wang, Danbiao Hu, Lijun Zhang, Jian Fang, Micong Jin, Samuel Selorm Fiati Kenston, Xin Song, Hongbo Shi, Jinshun Zhao, Guochuan Mao
Background : In order to search for effective control and prevention measures, the status of metal pollution in Ningbo, China was investigated. Methods : Nine of the most common contaminating metals including lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), chromium (Cr), nickel (Ni), zinc (Zn), and mercury (Hg) in samples of vegetables, rice, soil, irrigation water, and human hair were detected using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Three different districts including industrial, suburban and rural areas in Ningbo were studied through a stratified random sample method...
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Fei Liu, Lanhan Ye, Jiyu Peng, Kunlin Song, Tingting Shen, Chu Zhang, Yong He
Fast detection of heavy metals is very important for ensuring the quality and safety of crops. Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS), coupled with uni- and multivariate analysis, was applied for quantitative analysis of copper in three kinds of rice (Jiangsu rice, regular rice, and Simiao rice). For univariate analysis, three pre-processing methods were applied to reduce fluctuations, including background normalization, the internal standard method, and the standard normal variate (SNV). Linear regression models showed a strong correlation between spectral intensity and Cu content, with an R 2 more than 0...
February 27, 2018: Sensors
Jing Hu, Ralph E Sturgeon, Kenny Nadeau, Xiandeng Hou, Chengbin Zheng, Lu Yang
A novel, reliable, and sensitive approach for the determination of chlorine by sector field inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (SF-ICPMS) using photochemical vapor generation for sample introduction is presented. Methyl chloride is generated from different chlorine species in a flow-through photochemical reactor using a 1% solution of acetic acid containing 7.5 μg g-1 of Cu2+ . The volatile product is directed by an argon carrier gas to a gas-liquid separator and introduced into the instrument. A sample flow rate at 1...
March 1, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Jun Zhou, Jiani Liang, Yuanmei Hu, Wantong Zhang, Hailong Liu, Laiyong You, Wenhui Zhang, Min Gao, Jing Zhou
Copper (Cu) smelting released large amounts of Cu and contaminated the environment. However, few studies have investigated the Cu exposure risks for people located near Cu smelters. In this study, atmospheric bulk deposition, food from local families, drinking water and biological samples (hair and urine) were collected in three villages near the largest flash Cu smelter in China. The objective of the current study was to investigate how non-ferrous metals smelting affect the human health. Total atmospheric Cu depositions (56-767μgm-2 yr-1 ) were one or two orders of magnitude greater than that of unpolluted rural areas...
February 24, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Hanzhi Shi, Qi Li, Wenli Chen, Peng Cai, Qiaoyun Huang
Copper contamination of soils is a global environmental problem. Soil components (organic matter, clay minerals, and microorganisms) and retention time can govern the adsorption, fixation, and distribution of copper. This study evaluated the interaction effects of soil components and aging on the distribution of exogenous copper. Three typical Chinese soils (Ultisol, Alfisol, and Histosol) were collected from Hunan, Henan, and Heilongjiang Provinces. Soils were incubated with rice straw (RS) and engineered bacteria (Pseudomonas putida X4/pIME) in the presence of exogenous copper for 12 months...
February 2, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Wasiu Awoyale, Robert Asiedu, William K C Kawalawu, Busie Maziya-Dixon, Adebayo Abass, Michael Edet, Medinat O Adetunji
Cassava is a staple mostly eaten in the form of gari, after rice in Liberia. The local method of gari processing often leads to product contamination, thus, a study was done to assess the heavy metals and microbial contamination of gari in eight counties of the country. A total of sixty-one gari samples were collected and packaged in an airtight polyethylene bag for analyses, using standard methods. Results depict that the mean of the heavy metals in the gari samples is iron (Fe) 43.87 ppm, copper (Cu) 0.94 ppm, zinc (Zn) 5...
January 2018: Food Science & Nutrition
Jiawei Pan, Dahui Huang, Zhonglong Guo, Zheng Kuang, He Zhang, Xinyu Xie, Zengfeng Ma, Shaopei Gao, Manuel T Lerdau, Chengcai Chu, Lei Li
The ability of a plant to produce grain, fruit, or forage depends ultimately on photosynthesis. There have been few attempts, however, to study microRNAs, which are a class of endogenous small RNAs post-transcriptionally programming gene expression, in relation to photosynthetic traits. We focused on miR408, one of the most conserved plant miRNAs, and overexpressed it in parallel in Arabidopsis, tobacco, and rice. The transgenic plants all exhibited increased copper content in the chloroplast, elevated abundance of plastocyanin, and an induction of photosynthetic genes...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Integrative Plant Biology
Hui Wei, Venkata P Dandey, Zhening Zhang, Ashleigh Raczkowski, Willam J Rice, Bridget Carragher, Clinton S Potter
We have developed a self-blotting TEM grid for use with a novel instrument for vitrifying samples for cryo-electron microscopy (cryoEM). Nanowires are grown on the copper surface of the grid using a simple chemical reaction and the opposite smooth side is used to adhere to a holey sample substrate support, for example carbon or gold. When small volumes of sample are applied to the nanowire grids the wires effectively act as blotting paper to rapidly wick away the liquid, leaving behind a thin film. In this technical note, we present a detailed description of how we make these grids using a variety of substrates fenestrated with either lacey or regularly spaced holes...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Structural Biology
Kamrun Nahar, Md Abul Khair Chowdhury, Md Akhter Hossain Chowdhury, Afzal Rahman, K M Mohiuddin
The Madhabdi municipality in the Narsingdi district of Bangladesh is a well-known area for textile, handloom weaving, and dyeing industries. These textile industries produce a considerable amount of effluents, sewage sludge, and solid waste materials every day that they directly discharge into surrounding water bodies and agricultural fields. This disposal poses a serious threat to the overall epidemic and socio-economic pattern of the locality. This research entailed the collection of 34 handloom-dyeing effluent samples from different handloom-dyeing industries of Madhabdi, which were then analyzed to determine the contents of the heavy metals iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), chromium (Cr), manganese (Mn), lead (Pb), and cadmium (Cd)...
January 4, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Xiaoliang Shi, Sunlu Chen, Yu Peng, Yufeng Wang, Jiugeng Chen, Zhanghua Hu, Baohe Wang, Aihong Li, Daiyin Chao, Yuhong Li, Sheng Teng
Since its domestication from wild rice thousands of years ago, rice has been cultivated largely through transplantation. During transplantation from the nursery to the paddy field, rice seedlings experience transplantation shock which affects their physiology and production. However, the mechanisms underlying transplantation shock and rice adaptation to this shock are largely unknown. Here, we isolated a transplant-sensitive chloroplast-deficient (tsc1) rice mutant that produces albino leaves after transplantation...
February 2018: Journal of Integrative Plant Biology
Anna Gliszczyńska-Świgło, Inga Klimczak, Iga Rybicka
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies indicate mineral deficiencies in people on a gluten-free (GF) diet. These deficiencies may indicate that GF products are a less valuable source of minerals than gluten-containing products. In the study, the nutritional quality of 50 GF products is discussed taking into account the nutritional requirements for minerals expressed as percentage of recommended daily allowance (%RDA) or percentage of adequate intake (%AI) for a model celiac patient. Elements analyzed were calcium, potassium, magnesium, sodium, copper, iron, manganese, and zinc...
November 30, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Lili Pan, Jianteng Sun, X Chris Le, Lizhong Zhu
Contamination of organic pollutants in the environment is usually accompanied by heavy metals. However, a little information on the influences of heavy metals on the uptake, translocation and transformation of organic pollutants in plants is available. In this study, ten-day hydroponic exposure was conducted to explore the influence of copper (Cu) on the bioaccumulation and biotransformation of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in intact young rice (Oryza sativa L.). Low dose of Cu (≤100 μmol/L) increased the accumulation of CB-61 in rice plants, while excess concentrations of Cu (>100 μmol/L) inhibited uptake and translocation of CB-61...
November 13, 2017: Chemosphere
Sonia Balyan, Mukesh Kumar, Roseeta Devi Mutum, Utkarsh Raghuvanshi, Priyanka Agarwal, Saloni Mathur, Saurabh Raghuvanshi
Comparative characterization of microRNA-mediated stress regulatory networks in contrasting rice cultivars is critical to decipher plant stress response. Consequently, a multi-level comparative analysis, using sRNA sequencing, degradome analysis, enzymatic and metabolite assays and metal ion analysis, in drought tolerant and sensitive rice cultivars was conducted. The study identified a group of miRNAs "Cultivar-specific drought responsive" (CSDR)-miRNAs (osa-miR159f, osa-miR1871, osa-miR398b, osa-miR408-3p, osa-miR2878-5p, osa-miR528-5p and osa-miR397a) that were up-regulated in the flag-leaves of tolerant cultivar, Nagina 22 (N22) and Vandana, but down-regulated in the sensitive cultivar, Pusa Basmati 1 (PB1) and IR64, during drought...
November 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
Mei Huang, Zhongwu Li, Bin Huang, Ninglin Luo, Qiu Zhang, Xiuqing Zhai, Guangming Zeng
The binding of Cd and Cu to dissolved organic matter (DOM) derived from compost (CP) and rice straw (ST) was studied through an approach combining parallel factor (PARAFAC) analysis and two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy (2DCOS). Both humic-like and protein-like substances have been observed in CP and ST. Comparing with the Cu, Cd exhibited a lower affinity to DOM, and the quenching curve of Cd failed to be fitted by the Ryan and Weber Model, indicating that the environmental risk caused by applying CP or ST to Cd-polluted soil should be considered...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Thomas Hill, Robert H Rice
Dual oxygenases (DUOX) 1 and 2, expressed in many animal tissues, participate in host defense at mucosal surfaces and may have important signaling roles through generation of reactive oxygen. Present work addresses their expression in cultured human epidermal keratinocytes and effects of cytokines and metal/metalloid compounds. Both DUOX1 and 2 were expressed at much higher levels after confluence than in the preconfluent state. Maximal DUOX1 mRNA levels were 50 fold those of DUOX2. DUOX1 and 2 were induced ≈3 fold by interleukin 4, but only DUOX1 was induced by interferon gamma (IFNγ)...
February 2018: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
Pei Li, Pingyi Tian, Yongzhong Chen, Xianpeng Song, Wei Xue, Linhong Jin, Deyu Hu, Song Yang, Baoan Song
BACKGROUND: Literature revealed that bisthioether and 1,3,4-oxadiazole derivatives exhibited a wide variety of biological activities. In this study, a series of novel bisthioether derivatives containing a 1,3,4-oxadiazole moiety were synthesized and their antibacterial and nematocidal activities were investigated. RESULTS: Among the title compounds evaluated, compound 4f demonstrated the best antibacterial activities against rice bacterial leaf blight, rice bacterial leaf streak and citrus canker caused by Xanthomonas oryzae pv...
October 12, 2017: Pest Management Science
Gareth J Norton, Anthony J Travis, John M C Danku, David E Salt, Mahmud Hossain, Md Rafiqul Islam, Adam H Price
As the global population grows, demand on food production will also rise. For rice, one limiting factor effecting production could be availability of fresh water, hence adoption of techniques that decrease water usage while maintaining or increasing crop yield are needed. Alternative wetting and drying (AWD) is one of these techniques. AWD is a method by which the level of water within a rice field cycles between being flooded and nonflooded during the growth period of the rice crop. The degree to which AWD affects cultivars differently has not been adequately addressed to date...
August 2017: Food and Energy Security
Hongxiao Zhang, Shufang Lv, Huawei Xu, Dianyun Hou, Youjun Li, Fayuan Wang
Cadmium (Cd) and excess copper (Cu) are toxic to plants, causing a wide range of deleterious effects including the formation of reactive oxygen species. Metallothioneins (MTs) may protect plant cells from heavy metal toxicity by chelating heavy metals via cysteine thiol groups. They may also function as antioxidants. The study investigated the relationship of H₂O₂ production and ricMT expression in rice radicles and rice suspension cells under Cu or Cd stress. The results showed that H₂O₂ production in the rice radicles increased before Cu-induced ricMT expression, and after Cd-induced ricMT expression...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
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