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Young breast cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814071/feasibility-of-charcoal-tattooing-of-cytology-proven-metastatic-axillary-lymph-node-at-diagnosis-and-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-after-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-in-breast-cancer-patients
#1
Seho Park, Ja Seung Koo, Gun Min Kim, Joohyuk Sohn, Seung Il Kim, Young Up Cho, Byeong-Woo Park, Vivian Youngjean Park, Jung Hyun Yoon, Hee Jung Moon, Min Jung Kim, Eun-Kyung Kim
Purpose: Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) can be performed when node-positive disease is converted to node-negative status after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NCT). Tattooing nodes might improve accuracy but supportive data are limited. This study aimed to investigate the feasibility of charcoal tattooing metastatic axillary lymph node (ALN) at presentation followed by SLNB after NCT in breast cancers. Materials and Methods: Twenty patients with cytology-proven node metastases prospectively underwent charcoal tattooing at diagnosis...
August 17, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812929/message-received-african-american-women-and-breast-cancer-screening
#2
Susan Racine Passmore, Kester F Williams-Parry, Erica Casper, Stephen B Thomas
African American women are more likely than other women to be diagnosed with breast cancer at a young age, to be diagnosed at a late stage, and to die from the disease. Yet we see evidence of irregular screening and follow-up. Previous research on psychosocial factors influencing decisions to screen reveals barriers: fear, fatalistic perceptions of cancer, inaccurate perceptions of risk, and associations with stigma. The current qualitative research with, largely, insured African American women ( n = 26), health navigators ( n = 6), and community stakeholders ( n = 24) indicates both positive and negative factors influencing decision making...
September 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808843/feasibility-of-preoperative-axillary-lymph-node-marking-with-a-clip-in-breast-cancer-patients-before-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-a-preliminary-study
#3
Eun Young Kim, Woo Seok Byon, Kwan Ho Lee, Ji-Sup Yun, Yong Lai Park, Chan Heun Park, In Young Youn, Seon Hyeong Choi, Yoon Jung Choi, Shin Ho Kook, Sung-Im Do
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of image-guided marker-clip placement in axillary lymph nodes (ALNs) for breast cancer upon initial presentation and to assess the reliability of this method with sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) for axillary restaging after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC). METHODS: Between June 2015 and August 2016, a marker clip was placed at a clinically positive ALN under ultrasonography (US) guidance before initiation of NAC in 20 patients...
August 14, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802528/how-young-is-too-young-in-breast-cancer-young-breast-cancer-is-not-a-unique-biological-subtype
#4
Jianfei Fu, Lunpo Wu, Wei Fu, Yinuo Tan, Tiantian Xu, Zhongwu Hong, Fan Wang, Shuguang Li
BACKGROUND: There is no uniformly adopted cutoff value to define "young patients" with breast cancer. This study was designed to determine an optimal cutoff value, to investigate prognostic factors and to explore gene expression profiles of young female breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database was examined to identify cases of female breast cancer diagnosed between 2000 and 2007. The optimal cutoff value for young age was determined using the X-tile program (Yale University, version 3...
June 8, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796675/long-term-follow-up-after-endometrial-ablation-in-finland-cancer-risks-and-later-hysterectomies
#5
Tuuli Soini, Matti Rantanen, Jorma Paavonen, Seija Grénman, Johanna Mäenpää, Eero Pukkala, Mika Gissler, Ritva Hurskainen
OBJECTIVE: To study the risk of endometrial cancer and breast cancer and the hysterectomy rate after endometrial ablation. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, records of all women with endometrial ablation at ages 30-49 years in Finland (1997-2014) were extracted from the Hospital Discharge Register and linked to the Cancer Registry and Finnish Central Population Register. The primary outcome was cancer incidences in the endometrial ablation cohort compared with those in the background population of the same age...
August 4, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796549/association-of-brca-mutation-types-imaging-features-and-pathologic-findings-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-with-brca1-and-brca2-mutations
#6
Su Min Ha, Eun Young Chae, Joo Hee Cha, Hak Hee Kim, Hee Jung Shin, Woo Jung Choi
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to retrospectively evaluate the relationships between the BRCA mutation types, imaging features, and pathologic findings of breast cancers in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified patients with breast cancer with BRCA gene mutations from January 2000 to December 2014. After excluding patients who underwent lesion excision before MRI, 99 BRCA1 and 103 BRCA2 lesions in 187 women (mean age, 39...
August 10, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794827/preoperative-18-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-in-early-stage-breast-cancer-rates-of-distant-metastases
#7
Vincent Vinh-Hung, Hendrik Everaert, Karim Farid, Navid Djassemi, Jacqueline Baudin-Veronique, Stefanos Bougas, Yuriy Michailovich, Clarisse Joachim-Contaret, Elsa Cécilia-Joseph, Claire Verschraegen, Nam P Nguyen
AIM: To investigate rates of distant metastases (DM) detected with [18]fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography ((18)FDG-PET/CT) in early stage invasive breast cancer. METHODS: We searched the English language literature databases of PubMed, EMBASE, ISI Web of Knowledge, Web of Science and Google Scholar, for publications on DM detected in patients who had (18)FDG-PET/CT scans as part of the staging for early stages of breast cancer (stage I and II), prior to or immediately following surgery...
July 28, 2017: World Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794686/tumor-infiltrating-leukocyte-density-is-independent-of-tumor-grade-and-molecular-subtype-in-aggressive-breast-cancer-of-western-kenya
#8
Rispah T Sawe, Simeon K Mining, Ayub V Ofulla, Kirtika Patel, Bernard Guyah, David Chumba, Jenifer R Prosperi, Maggie Kerper, Zonggao Shi, Mayra Sandoval-Cooper, Katherine Taylor, Sunil Badve, M Sharon Stack, Laurie E Littlepage
BACKGROUND: Tumors commonly are infiltrated by leukocytes, or tumor infiltrating leukocytes (TILs). It remains unclear, however, if the density and type of individual TILs has a direct or simply correlative role in promoting poor prognosis in breast cancer patients. Breast cancer in Kenyan women is aggressive with presentation at a young age, with advanced grade (grade III), large tumor size (>2.0 cm), and poor prognosis. We previously observed that the tumors were predominantly estrogen receptor positive (ER+) but also included both a high percentage of triple negative tumors and also increased immune cell infiltration within the tumors...
2017: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794284/genomic-profiling-of-er-breast-cancers-after-short-term-estrogen-suppression-reveals-alterations-associated-with-endocrine-resistance
#9
Jennifer M Giltnane, Katherine E Hutchinson, Thomas P Stricker, Luigi Formisano, Christian D Young, Monica V Estrada, Mellissa J Nixon, Liping Du, Violeta Sanchez, Paula Gonzalez Ericsson, Maria G Kuba, Melinda E Sanders, Xinmeng J Mu, Eliezer M Van Allen, Nikhil Wagle, Ingrid A Mayer, Vandana Abramson, Henry Gόmez, Monica Rizzo, Weiyi Toy, Sarat Chandarlapaty, Erica L Mayer, Jason Christiansen, Danielle Murphy, Kerry Fitzgerald, Kai Wang, Jeffrey S Ross, Vincent A Miller, Phillip J Stephens, Roman Yelensky, Levi Garraway, Yu Shyr, Ingrid Meszoely, Justin M Balko, Carlos L Arteaga
Inhibition of proliferation in estrogen receptor-positive (ER(+)) breast cancers after short-term antiestrogen therapy correlates with long-term patient outcome. We profiled 155 ER(+)/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative (HER2(-)) early breast cancers from 143 patients treated with the aromatase inhibitor letrozole for 10 to 21 days before surgery. Twenty-one percent of tumors remained highly proliferative, suggesting that these tumors harbor alterations associated with intrinsic endocrine therapy resistance...
August 9, 2017: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793804/a-new-rearranged-abietane-diterpene-from-clerodendrum-inerme-with-antioxidant-and-cytotoxic-activities
#10
Le Ba Vinh, Nguyen Thi Minh Nguyet, Seo Young Yang, Jang Hoon Kim, Le Thi Vien, Phan Thi Thanh Huong, Nguyen Van Thanh, Nguyen Xuan Cuong, Nguyen Hoai Nam, Chau Van Minh, Inkyu Hwang, Young Ho Kim
Eight compounds were isolated from the leaves of Clerodendrum inerme, including one new rearranged abietane diterpene, crolerodendrum B (1). Their structures were determined by means of spectroscopic methods including one-dimensional and two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance (1-D and 2-DNMR), high-resolution electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry (HR-ESI-MS) and circular dichroism (CD). The DPPH radical scavenging and cytotoxic activities of isolated compounds against MCF7 (breast), HCT116 (colon) and B16F10 (melanoma) cancer cell lines were evaluated...
August 9, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792860/combination-treatment-with-photodynamic-therapy-and-laser-ablation-in-breast-cancer-an-animal-model-study
#11
Jeeyeon Lee, Ho Yong Park, Wan Wook Kim, Ji Yun Jeong, Yong-Deok Lee, Mi-Hwa Choi, Sehoon Kim, Ji-Young Park, Jin Hyang Jung
PURPOSE: Minimally invasive treatments for early breast cancer have been reported. The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare two such treatments, laser ablation and photodynamic therapy (PDT), regarding their therapeutic efficacy for breast cancer. METHODS: Breast tumors were induced in 12 mice models. The treatment options were classified into four groups: control group (without any treatment, A), group treated only with laser ablation (B), group treated only with PDT (C), and group treated with the combination of laser ablation followed by PDT (D)...
August 8, 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791694/improved-prognosis-of-young-patients-with-breast-cancer-undergoing-breast-conserving-surgery
#12
E Botteri, P Veronesi, J Vila, N Rotmensz, V Galimberti, M V Thomazini, G Viale, R Orecchia, A Goldhirsch, O Gentilini
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to evaluate how breast cancer prognosis has evolved over time in young women treated with breast-conserving surgery (BCS). METHODS: Data from patients younger than 40 years who had BCS and whole-breast radiotherapy in a single cancer centre between 1997 and 2010 were analysed. The patients were followed until 2016. Endpoints were local recurrence, any breast cancer-related event and death from any cause. RESULTS: A total of 1331 patients were included in the study...
August 9, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780757/quinoxaline-dopamine-and-amino-acid-derived-metabolites-from-the-edible-insect-protaetia-brevitarsis-seulensis
#13
JungIn Lee, In Hyun Hwang, Jang Hoon Kim, Mi-Ae Kim, Jae Sam Hwang, Young Ho Kim, MinKyun Na
Edible insects have been reported to produce metabolites showing various pharmacological activities, recently emerging as rich sources of health functional food. In particular, the larvae of Protaetia brevitarsis seulensis (Kolbe) have been used as traditional Korean medicines for treating diverse diseases, such as breast cancer, inflammatory disease, hepatic cancer, liver cirrhosis, and hepatitis. However, only few chemical investigations were reported on the insect larvae. Therefore, the aim of this study was to discover and identify biologically active chemical components of the larvae of P...
August 5, 2017: Archives of Pharmacal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780723/vitamin-d-receptor-gene-polymorphism-association-with-susceptibility-to-early-onset-breast-cancer-in-iranian-brca1-2-mutation-carrier-and-non-carrier-patients
#14
Ahmad Shahabi, Majid Alipour, Hamid Safiri, Parsa Tavakol, Mehdi Alizadeh, S Milad Hashemi, Mahdieh Shahabi, Mohammad Halimi
Mounting evidences support that vitamin D insufficiency or deficiency is a risk factor of breast cancer. Vitamin D receptor (VDR) is expressed in more than 36 cell types in different organs as in cancerous cells. Numerous allelic variants of VDR gene have been identified in human populations. Association of FokI (rs2228570) and BsmI (rs1544410) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in VDR gene with the risk of breast cancer have been investigated in several studies, however, the published data are still inconsistent...
August 6, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780480/adjuvant-chemotherapy-in-pt1ab-node-negative-triple-negative-breast-carcinomas-results-of-a-national%C3%A2-multi-institutional-retrospective-study
#15
A de Nonneville, A Gonçalves, C Zemmour, M Cohen, J M Classe, F Reyal, P E Colombo, E Jouve, S Giard, E Barranger, R Sabatier, F Bertucci, J M Boher, G Houvenaeghel
BACKGROUND: Triple-negative breast cancers (TNBCs) are considered as associated with poor outcome, but prognosis of subcentimetric, node-negative disease remains controversial and evidence that adjuvant chemotherapy (CT) is effective in these small tumours remains limited. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Our objective was to investigate the impact of CT on survival in pT1abN0M0 TNBC. Patients were retrospectively identified from a cohort of 22,475 patients who underwent primary surgery in 15 French centres between 1987 and 2013...
August 3, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777295/soymilk-improves-muscle-weakness-in-young-ovariectomized-female-mice
#16
Yuriko Kitajima, Shizuka Ogawa, Shintaro Egusa, Yusuke Ono
Estrogens play a key role in an extensive range of physiological functions in various types of tissues throughout the body in females. We previously showed that estrogen insufficiency caused muscle weakness that could be rescued by estrogen administration in a young female ovariectomized (OVX) mouse model. However, long-term estrogen replacement therapy increases risks of breast cancer and cardiovascular diseases. Soymilk contains plant-based protein and isoflavones that exert estrogen-like activity. Here we examined the effects of prolonged soymilk intake on muscle and its resident stem cells, called satellite cells, in the estrogen-insufficient model...
August 4, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776607/-joven-fuerte-program-for-young-women-with-breast-cancer-in-mexico-%C3%A2-initial-results
#17
Cynthia Villarreal-Garza, Andrea Castro-Sánchez, Alejandra Platas, Melina Miaja, Alejandro Mohar-Betancourt, Regina Barragan-Carrillo, Alan Fonseca, Yoatzin Vega, B Alejandra Martinez-Cannon, Dione Aguilar, Enrique Bargalló-Rocha, Servando Cardona-Huerta, Omar Peña-Curiel, Juan Matus-Santoso
Despite the high rates of breast cancer among young Mexican women, their special needs and concerns have not been systematically addressed. To fulfill these unsatisfied demands, we have developed "Joven & Fuerte: Program for Young Women with Breast Cancer in Mexico," the first program dedicated to the care of young breast cancer patients in Latin America, which is taking place at the National Cancer Institute of Mexico and the two medical facilities of the Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey...
July 2017: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776606/special-needs-of-young-women-with-breast-cancer-in-limited-resource-settings
#18
Carmen Lizette Gálvez-Hernández, María Cecilia González-Robledo, Regina Barragán-Carrillo, Cynthia Villarreal-Garza
BACKGROUND: Young women with breast cancer (YWBC) comprise a group of patients with unique biopsychosocial characteristics with a special perception of needs throughout their disease and survivorship. Contexts marked by restricted allocations and economic constraints might further aggravate the struggle of these patients living within limited resource settings and can demand added requirements for them and their families. OBJECTIVE: To analytically explore the existing knowledge regarding the needs of YWBC in low- and middle- income countries (LMICs)...
July 2017: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776605/psychological-impact-of-alterations-in-sexuality-fertility-and-body-image-in-young-breast-cancer-patients-and-their-partners
#19
Melina Miaja, Alejandra Platas, Bertha Alejandra Martinez-Cannon
Young women with breast cancer have age-specific concerns regarding changes in sexuality, fertility, and body image. However, the psychological impact of BC and its treatments is not exclusive to young patients and it also affects their social context, especially their partners, as they experience higher illness intrusiveness than the partners of older women. In young BC patients, relationships, body image, and sexual problems are related to most quality of life domains. While BC treatment is being planned, all women should be informed about the possible side-effects of treatment on sexuality, fertility, and body image...
July 2017: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776604/the-role-of-diet-physical-activity-body-fatness-and-breastfeeding-in-breast-cancer-in-young-women-epidemiological-evidence
#20
I Isabelle Romieu, A Amadou, V Chajes
The incidence of breast cancer (BC) is rising worldwide, with an increase in aggressive neoplasias in young women. Traditionally, BC in young women has been thought to be etiologically driven, primarily by genetic/hereditary factors. However, these factors explain only a small proportion of BCs, pointing to a role of the environment. Suspected factors responsible for this increase include lifestyle changes, notably alcohol consumption, diet with high intake of refined carbohydrates and saturated fat and low intake of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), fiber and vitamins (such as folate, vitamin D, and carotenoids), low physical activity, and body fatness, all of which may act from childhood and adolescent years through adulthood...
July 2017: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
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