keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

thyroid pathology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456561/evaluation-of-observed-and-the-expected-incidence-of-common-cancers-an-experience-from-southwestern-of-iran-2010-2014
#1
Ali Ahmadi, Fatemeh Salehi
Background: Awareness of observed and expected incidence of cancers is so important in managing cancer as the third mortality cause in Iran. In the present study, we evaluated observed and the expected incidence of common cancers in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province. Materials and Methods: This study is a Secondary data analysis. All data about pathology-based cancer registration (Cancer diagnosis was based on pathological laboratory, ICD-O2) in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari in Southwestern Iran in 2010-2014 was used...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455365/gender-differences-in-glycemic-control-and-diabetes-related-factors-in-young-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-results-from-the-metro-study
#2
Maria Ida Maiorino, Giuseppe Bellastella, Ofelia Casciano, Michela Petrizzo, Maurizio Gicchino, Mariangela Caputo, Annalisa Sarnataro, Dario Giugliano, Katherine Esposito
PURPOSE: To describe gender differences concerning glycemic control, cardiovascular risk factors, diabetic complications, concomitant pathologies, and circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), in a population of young adults with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: We collected data from 300 consecutively patients (168 males and 132 females), aged 18-30 years, among those admitted at Diabetes Unit of University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli" (Naples, Italy) from March 2012 to January 2017...
February 17, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449722/current-usefulness-of-aspiration-cytology-fnac-in-the-head-and-neck-diagnosis
#3
S Dallari, P M Gusella, P Campanella, M Ciommi, P Pantanetti, E Tortato, A Castriotta
Background: Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC) is a well established and widely used method for both a preliminary and sometime final non-invasive pathologic diagnosis. FNAC is a simple and inexpensive diagnostic tool and should represent the standard of care in developing and resource-poor countries while maintaining its diagnostic usefulness in developed and advanced ones. Methods: The concordance between preoperative FNAC and final histology was evaluated in 168 patients operated on at the Otorhinolaryngology Unit, "A...
December 2017: Pathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449283/clinical-validation-of-a-predictive-model-for-the-presence-of-cervical-lymph-node-metastasis-in-papillary-thyroid-cancer
#4
N U Patel, K E Lind, K McKinney, T J Clark, S S Pokharel, J M Meier, E R Stamm, K Garg, B Haugen
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Ultrasound is a standard technique to detect lymph node metastasis in papillary thyroid cancer. Cystic changes and microcalcifications are the most specific features of metastasis, but with low sensitivity. This prospective study compared the diagnostic accuracy of a predictive model for sonographic evaluation of lymph nodes relative to the radiologist's standard assessment in detecting papillary thyroid cancer metastasis in patients after thyroidectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cervical lymph node sonographic images were reported by a radiologist (R method) per standard practice...
February 15, 2018: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447798/papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-presenting-as-acute-suppurative-thyroiditis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
Shabana Kalladi Puthanpurayil, Gary L Francis, Adele O Kraft, Uma Prasad, Rajanya S Petersson
Acute suppurative thyroiditis is a rare, potentially life-threatening condition. We report the case of a 17-year-old male who initially presented with a thyroid abscess. Due to persistent symptoms and lack of evidence for underlying predisposing factors, he was followed closely and subsequently diagnosed with papillary thyroid cancer. He was successfully managed with surgery. His clinical course, radiological evaluation, and pathology reports are presented here along with a review of the literature. This case of papillary thyroid cancer highlights the need for close follow-up of patients presenting with a thyroid abscess, when other predisposing risk factors are not evident...
February 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446670/diagnostic-performance-of-margin-features-in-thyroid-nodules-in-prediction-of-malignancy
#6
Sean M Siebert, Adam J Gomez, Tie Liang, Ali M Tahvildari, Terry S Desser, R Brooke Jeffrey, Aya Kamaya
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate thyroid nodule margins for specific morphologic features and determine the diagnostic performance of these features in differentiating papillary carcinoma from benign thyroid nodules. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nodules measuring 1-3 cm in largest diameter that had been evaluated with high-resolution ultrasound (12-18 MHz) and ultrasound-guided biopsy with definitive pathologic diagnosis were analyzed. Three blinded board-certified readers evaluated high-resolution images of each nodule for jagged edges, lobulated borders, and curved borders along their margins...
February 15, 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445392/how-many-parathyroid-glands-can-be-identified-during-thyroidectomy-evidence-based-data-for-medical-experts
#7
Elisabeth Gschwandtner, Rudolf Seemann, Claudia Bures, Lejla Preldzic, Eduard Szucsik, Michael Hermann
Background: The purpose of this study is to provide guidance for medical experts regarding malpractice claims on permanent hypoparathyroidism by analyzing the number of parathyroid glands (PGs) identified during thyroidectomy and the clinical outcome. Methods: Parathyroid findings were documented in a standardized protocol for 357 patients undergoing thyroidectomy and treated by a single specialized surgeon. The resected thyroid was routinely dissected for accidentally removed PGs with consecutive autotransplantation and the pathological report also described unintentionally resected PGs...
2018: European Surgery: ACA: Acta Chirurgica Austriaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445071/a-case-report-of-thyroid-metastasis-from-p16-positive-oropharyngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#8
Masao Takenobu, Sueyoshi Moritani, Kana Yoshioka, Tsuyoshi Morisaki, Hiroya Kitano
Thyroid metastasis from head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is a very rare form of rarely observed metastatic thyroid tumor. We herein report a case of thyroid metastasis from oropharyngeal SCC (OSCC). The patient was a 68-year-old male diagnosed with p16-positive tonsillar OSCC on the right side with multiple lymph node metastases and a thyroid mass, which was determined as metastatic p16-positive OSCC by immunohistochemistry of specimens collected by fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC). He received one cycle of induction chemotherapy followed by concurrent chemoradiotherapy...
February 15, 2018: Endocrine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444549/body-weight-change-is-unpredictable-after-total-thyroidectomy
#9
Ron Glick, Paula Chang, Peter Michail, Jonathan W Serpell, Simon Grodski, James C Lee
BACKGROUND: There is a common perception that total thyroidectomy causes weight gain beyond expected age-related changes, even when thyroid replacement therapy induces a euthyroid state. The aim of this study was to determine whether patients who underwent total thyroidectomy for a wide spectrum of conditions experienced weight gain following surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 107 consecutive total thyroidectomy patients treated between January 2013 and June 2014...
February 14, 2018: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441462/up-regulation-of-mir-340-5p-promotes-progression-of-thyroid-cancer-by-inhibiting-bmp4
#10
P Zhao, W Ma, Z Hu, Y Zhang, S Zhang, Y Wang
PURPOSE: The incidence of thyroid cancer is increasing and the proliferation of thyroid cancer cells is incompletely understood. microRNAs may play key roles in thyroid cancer progression. METHODS: We analyzed miR-340-5p in thyroid cancer tissue and normal tissue, and using informatics to predict its target. Cell lines and a mouse model were used to study the role of miR-340-5p in cancer proliferation. RESULTS: Overexpression of miR-340-5p was found in thyroid cancer specimens...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435002/tert-promoter-mutations-and-their-correlation-with-braf-and-ras-mutations-in-a-consecutive-cohort-of-145-thyroid-cancer-cases
#11
Andrea Cacciato Insilla, Agnese Proietti, Nicla Borrelli, Elisabetta Macerola, Cristina Niccoli, Paolo Vitti, Paolo Miccoli, Fulvio Basolo
Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the most common type of endocrine malignancy and accounts for ~80% of thyroid carcinomas in adults and 90% in children. Risk stratification is important for identifying patients at higher risk and, for this reason, recent advances in molecular genetics of thyroid cancer can be applied to provide novel biomarkers useful in understanding tumor behavior. B-Raf proto-oncogene, serine/threonine kinase (BRAF) and rat sarcoma (RAS) mutations have been widely studied and appear to have an important role in thyroid tumorigenesis...
March 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434699/neuroprotective-effect-of-epigallocatechin-3-gallate-on-autoimmune-thyroiditis-in-a-rat-model-by-an-anti-inflammation-effect-anti-apoptosis-and-inhibition-of-trail-signaling-pathway
#12
Junfeng Li
(-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is a polyphenol monomer compound extracted and separated from green tea, and is a key catechin in green tea. Recent research has identified that EGCG is equipped with important biological activities, including antitumor, antioxidant, anti-inflammation, blood fat reduction and radiation protection abilities. In the current study, it was investigated whether EGCG exerts a neuroprotective effect on AIT and examined the possible underlying mechanism. The present study sought to establish an experimental autoimmune thyroiditis (AIT) rat model and to investigate the neuroprotective effect of EGCG in this model...
January 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433884/squamous-differentiation-in-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-a-rare-feature-of-aggressive-disease
#13
Toni Beninato, Wouter P Kluijfhout, Frederick Thurston Drake, Elham Khanafshar, Jessica E Gosnell, Wen T Shen, Quan-Yang Duh, Insoo Suh
BACKGROUND: Papillary thyroid carcinoma with squamous differentiation (PTC-SD) is a poorly understood pathologic finding of unknown clinical significance. Selected case reports have suggested that PTC-SD is an aggressive tumor with a poor prognosis. Here we present the largest case series of PTC-SD reported in the United States. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The cancer registry at our tertiary care referral center was reviewed to identify all patients from 1995-2015 who had been diagnosed with PTC-SD on initial total thyroidectomy or lymph node dissection for recurrent disease...
March 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433567/laryngeal-recurrence-sites-in-patients-previously-treated-with-transoral-laser-microsurgery-for-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#14
P Horwich, M H Rigby, C MacKay, J Melong, B Williams, M Bullock, R Hart, J Trites, S M Taylor
BACKGROUND: The laryngeal framework provides a natural barrier preventing tumour spread to extralaryngeal structures. Transoral laser microsurgery (TLM) for laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) may violate these boundaries, altering the pathways of tumor spread for potential recurrences. Our project objective is to describe laryngeal SCC recurrence patterns and overall survival in patients requiring total laryngectomy (TL) after TLM. METHODS: Patients undergoing TLM for laryngeal SCC requiring salvage TL were identified from a prospective CO2 laser database containing all patients undergoing TLM for head and neck malignancies at the QEII Health Sciences Center in Halifax, Nova Scotia between March 2002 - May 2014...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429888/risk-factors-for-local-recurrence-after-total-en-bloc-spondylectomy-for-metastatic-spinal-tumors-a-retrospective-study
#15
Takashi Igarashi, Hideki Murakami, Satoru Demura, Satoshi Kato, Katsuhito Yoshioka, Noriaki Yokogawa, Hiroyuki Tsuchiya
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate local recurrence and survival outcomes after frozen autograft total en bloc spondylectomy for metastatic spinal tumors. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data from 91 patients with metastatic spinal tumors who underwent frozen autograft total en bloc spondylectomy at our institution between May 2010 and April 2015. We assessed the incidence, primary cancer type, and sites of local recurrence. Risk factors for local recurrence were also examined through the statistical analysis of 17 items, including clinico-pathological characteristics, treatment history, and preoperative or surgical complications...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429327/preoperative-cytologic-diagnosis-of-warthin-like-tumor-variant-of-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#16
Jisup Kim, Beom Jin Lim, Soon Won Hong, Ju Yeon Pyo
Background: Warthin-like variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (WLV-PTC) is a relatively rare variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma with favorable prognosis. However, preoperative diagnosis using fine-needle aspiration (FNA) specimens is challenging especially with lymphocytic thyroiditis characterized by Hürthle cells and lymphocytic background. To determine a helpful cytological differential point, we compared WLV-PTC FNA findings with conventional papillary thyroid carcinoma with lymphocytic thyroiditis (PTC-LT) and conventional papillary thyroid carcinoma without lymphocytic thyroiditis (PTC) regarding infiltrating inflammatory cells and their distribution...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428046/the-bethesda-classification-for-thyroid-fine-needle-aspiration-a-predictor-or-an-alarmist
#17
John D Galbraith, Noah Swann, Brian Cox, Nobel LeTendre, James Recabaren
Thyroid malignancies comprise only 2 per cent of all cancers. Yet the incidence of thyroid cancers has been increasing faster than other malignancies, likely due to increased screening and surveillance of thyroid nodules. The Bethesda system represents the preferred method of evaluating thyroid nodules for malignancy using fine needle aspiration (FNA). Many thyroidectomies are performed for small, asymptomatic nodules found on ultrasound. These small papillary cancers (<0.5 cm) are termed microcarcinomas and represent a more indolent natural history causing some to name them "occult papillary tumors...
January 1, 2018: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428041/the-sonographic-subcentimeter-malignant-thyroid-nodule-what-does-it-stand-for
#18
Annette Pascual Marrero, Alvaro Gracia, William Méndez
Thyroid cancer management has moved to less extensive surgery in lesions with favorable criteria. Our study evaluated if the sonographic (US) size of thyroid nodules is a reliable criterion to determine the extent of surgery in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). A retrospective study was performed to evaluate thyroid nodules measuring <10 mm in the preop sonogram with a permanent pathology of PTC. Patients were subdivided into two groups based on the US size: A (1-5 mm) and B (6-10 mm). Statistical correlations were made for the presence of the following unfavorable criteria: multifocality, capsular invasion, angio/lymphatic invasion, extrathyroidal invasion, and presence of metastases...
January 1, 2018: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427554/sporadic-pediatric-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-harboring-the-etv6-ntrk3-fusion-oncogene-in-a-7-year-old-japanese-girl-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#19
Ryota Otsubo, Zhanna Mussazhanova, Yuko Akazawa, Ayako Sato, Katsuya Matsuda, Megumi Matsumoto, Hiroshi Yano, Michiko Matsuse, Norisato Mitsutake, Takao Ando, Daisuke Niino, Takeshi Nagayasu, Masahiro Nakashima
BACKGROUND: There have been great concerns about pediatric thyroid cancers after the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in 2011. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 7-year-old Japanese girl with sporadic papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) harboring an ETV6/NTRK3 rearrangement. The patient presented with tumors in both lobes and underwent thyroidectomy followed by radioactive iodine (RAI) ablation. Histopathology showed a classic type of PTC with cervical lymph node metastasis...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427369/pre-eclampsia-affects-procalcitonin-production-in-placental-tissue
#20
Chiara Agostinis, Damiano Rami, Paola Zacchi, Fleur Bossi, Tamara Stampalija, Alessandro Mangogna, Leonardo Amadio, Romana Vidergar, Liza Vecchi Brumatti, Giuseppe Ricci, Claudio Celeghini, Oriano Radillo, Ian Sargent, Roberta Bulla
PROBLEM: Procalcitonin (PCT) is the prohormone of calcitonin which is usually released from neuroendocrine cells of the thyroid gland (parafollicular) and the lungs (K cells). PCT is synthesized by almost all cell types and tissues, including monocytes and parenchymal tissue, upon LPS stimulation. To date, there is no evidence for PCT expression in the placenta both in physiological and pathological conditions. METHOD: Circulating and placental PCT levels were analysed in pre-eclamptic (PE) and control patients...
February 10, 2018: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
keyword
keyword
97843
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"