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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340995/an-overview-of-advanced-reduction-processes-for-bromate-removal-from-drinking-water-reducing-agents-activation-methods-applications-and-mechanisms
#1
REVIEW
Qian Xiao, Shuili Yu, Lei Li, Ting Wang, Xinlei Liao, Yubing Ye
Bromate (BrO3(-)) is a possible human carcinogen regulated at a strict standard of 10μg/L in drinking water. Various techniques to eliminate BrO3(-) usually fall into three main categories: reducing bromide (Br(-)) prior to formation of BrO3(-), minimizing BrO3(-) formation during the ozonation process, and removing BrO3(-) from post-ozonation waters. However, the first two approaches exhibit low degradation efficiency and high treatment cost. The third workaround has obvious advantages, such as high reduction efficiency, more stable performance and easier combination with UV disinfection, and has therefore been widely implemented in water treatment...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339978/ozone-sensitive-arabidopsis-mutants-with-deficiencies-in-photorespiratory-enzymes
#2
Shoko Saji, Srinivas Bathula, Akihiro Kubo, Masanori Tamaoki, Mitsuko Aono, Tomoharu Sano, Kazuo Tobe, Stefan Timm, Hermann Bauwe, Nobuyoshi Nakajima, Hikaru Saji
An ozone-sensitive mutant was isolated from T-DNA-tagged lines of Arabidopsis thaliana. The T-DNA was inserted at a locus on chromosome 3, where two genes encoding glycolate oxidases, GOX1 and GOX2, peroxisomal enzymes involved in photorespiration, reside contiguously. The amounts of the mutant's foliar transcripts for these genes were reduced, and glycolate oxidase activity was approximately 60% of that of the wild-type plants. No difference in growth and appearance was observed between the mutant and the wild-type plants under normal conditions with ambient air under a light intensity of 100 µmol photons m-2 s-1...
February 21, 2017: Plant & Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337561/optimization-of-ultraviolet-ozone-treatment-process-for-improvement-of-polycaprolactone-pcl-microcarrier-performance
#3
Nurhusna Samsudin, Yumi Zuhanis Has-Yun Hashim, Mohd Azmir Arifin, Maizirwan Mel, Hamzah Mohd Salleh, Iis Sopyan, Dzun Noraini Jimat
Growing cells on microcarriers may have overcome the limitation of conventional cell culture system. However, the surface functionality of certain polymeric microcarriers for effective cell attachment and growth remains a challenge. Polycaprolactone (PCL), a biodegradable polymer has received considerable attention due to its good mechanical properties and degradation rate. The drawback is the non-polar hydrocarbon moiety which makes it not readily suitable for cell attachment. This report concerns the modification of PCL microcarrier surface (introduction of functional oxygen groups) using ultraviolet irradiation and ozone (UV/O3) system and investigation of the effects of ozone concentration, the amount of PCL and exposure time; where the optimum conditions were found to be at 60,110...
March 23, 2017: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333063/occurrence-and-elimination-of-antibiotics-in-three-sewage-treatment-plants-with-different-treatment-technologies-in-urumqi-and-shihezi-xinjiang
#4
Jiang Liu, Jianjiang Lu, Yanbin Tong, Chao Li
Fourteen antibiotics, including five quinolones (QNs), five sulfonamides (SAs), and four tetracyclines (TCs), were selected to investigate their occurrence and elimination in three sewage treatment plants (STPs) by employing different treatment technologies in Urumqi (two STPs) and Shihezi (one STP), China. The STP in Shihezi was chosen as representative to investigate the distribution of antibiotics in a sludge-sewage system. Results showed that the concentrations of most detected antibiotics ranged from tens to hundreds of nanograms per liter in influent samples and under 100 ng L(-1) in effluent samples...
March 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322577/bet-proteins-are-a-key-component-of-immunoglobulin-gene-expression
#5
Jung Min Shim, Jin S Lee, Kirsty E Russell, Coen H Wiegman, Peter J Barnes, David Fear, Ian M Adcock, Andrew L Durham
AIM: BET proteins have been shown to regulate gene expression including inflammatory genes. METHODS: In order to investigate the role of the BET proteins in immunoglobulin production we treated the human B-cell line CLNH11.4 and primary human B cells and ozone-exposed mice with BET inhibitors (JQ1 or IBET151). RESULTS: Both proliferation and IgG production were reduced by JQ1 in a concentration-dependent manner. JQ1 significantly reduced immunoglobulin gene transcription...
March 21, 2017: Epigenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314210/options-and-limitations-for-bromate-control-during-ozonation-of-wastewater
#6
Fabian Soltermann, Christian Abegglen, Manfred Tschui, Sandro Stahel, Urs von Gunten
Wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) are important point sources for micropollutants, which are harmful to freshwater organisms. Ozonation of wastewater is a powerful option to abate micropollutants, but may result in the formation of the potentially toxic oxidation by-product bromate in bromide-containing wastewaters. This study investigates options to reduce bromate formation during wastewater ozonation by (i) reducing the bromide concentration of the wastewater, (ii) lowering the ozone dose during wastewater treatment and (iii) adding hydrogen peroxide to limit the lifetime of ozone and quench the intermediates of the bromate formation pathway...
February 14, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301687/effect-of-high-frequency-bio-oxidative-ozone-therapy-for-masticatory-muscle-pain-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Tamer Celakil, Almina Muric, Bilge Gokcen Roehlig, Gulumser Evlioglu, Haluk Keskin
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of bio-oxidative ozone application at the points of greatest pain in patients with chronic masticatory muscle pain. METHODS: A total number of 40 (40 women, with a mean age of 31.7) were selected after the diagnosis of myofacial pain dysfunction syndrome according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorder (RDC/TMD). The patients were randomly divided into two groups; patients received the ozone therapy at the point of greatest pain, ozone group (n = 20); patients received the sham ozone therapy at the point of greatest pain, placebo group (n = 20)...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299690/highly-sensitive-glucose-sensor-based-on-organic-electrochemical-transistor-with-modified-gate-electrode
#8
Xudong Ji, Paddy K L Chan
An organic electrochemical transistor (OECT) with a glucose oxidase (GOx) and poly(n-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone)-capped platinum nanoparticles (Pt NPs) gate electrode was successfully integrated with a microfluidic channel to act as a highly sensitive chip-based glucose sensor. The sensing mechanism relies on the enzymatic reaction between glucose and GOx followed by electrochemical oxidation of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) produced in the enzymatic reaction. This process largely increases the electrolyte potential that applies on PEDOT:PSS channel and causes more cations penetrate into PEDOT:PSS film to reduce it to semi-conducting state resulting in lower electric current between the source and the drain...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298696/the-impact-of-different-barrel-sanitation-approaches-on-the-spoilage-microflora-and-phenols-composition-of-wine
#9
Raffaele Guzzon, Manfred Bernard, Chiara Barnaba, Daniela Bertoldi, Konrad Pixner, Roberto Larcher
Careful control of spoilage microflora inside wine containers is a key issue during winemaking. To date, attention has been paid to the development of an effective protocol for the eradication of spoilage agents, especially Brettanomyces, from barrels. Few studies have taken into account the modifications caused by sanitation treatments in wine and wood barrels. In the present study the effects of two sanitation treatments (ozone and sodium hydroxide) on barrel spoilage microflora and the composition of the wine stored inside them were evaluated...
March 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292675/removal-of-several-pesticides-in-a-falling-water-film-dbd-reactor-with-activated-carbon-textile-energy-efficiency
#10
Patrick Vanraes, Houria Ghodbane, Dries Davister, Niels Wardenier, Anton Nikiforov, Yannick P Verheust, Stijn W H Van Hulle, Oualid Hamdaoui, Jeroen Vandamme, Jim Van Durme, Pieter Surmont, Frederic Lynen, Christophe Leys
Bio-recalcitrant micropollutants are often insufficiently removed by modern wastewater treatment plants to meet the future demands worldwide. Therefore, several advanced oxidation techniques, including cold plasma technology, are being investigated as effective complementary water treatment methods. In order to permit industrial implementation, energy demand of these techniques needs to be minimized. To this end, we have developed an electrical discharge reactor where water treatment by dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) is combined with adsorption on activated carbon textile and additional ozonation...
March 6, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292609/organic-micropollutants-omps-oxidation-by-ozone-effect-of-activated-carbon-on-toxicity-abatement
#11
Oscar Rozas, Carolina Baeza, Katherine Núñez, Alfred Rossner, Roberto Urrutia, Héctor D Mansilla
Oxidation and removal of organic micropollutants (OMPs) on ultrapure (UPW) and natural water (NW) by ozone (O3) and ozone/powdered activated carbon (O3/PAC) have been studied. The OMPs atrazine (ATZ, herbicide), carbamazepine (CBZ, anticonvulsant), diclofenac (DCL, anti-inflammatory) and triclosan (TCS, antimicrobial) are incorporated continuously and uncontrolled on water treatment systems (e.g., drinking water treatment plants, wastewater treatment plants). Batch experiments on ultrapure and natural water showed that ATZ treated with O3 and O3/PAC has the slowest transformation rate (>90% at 30min reaction) while CBZ, DCL and TCS were oxidized very fast (>90% at ~5min)...
March 12, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284153/survival-reproduction-growth-and-parasite-resistance-of-aquatic-organisms-exposed-on-site-to-wastewater-treated-by-advanced-treatment-processes
#12
Lisa Schlüter-Vorberg, Gregor Knopp, Peter Cornel, Thomas Ternes, Anja Coors
Advanced wastewater treatment technologies are generally known to be an effective tool for reducing micropollutant discharge into the aquatic environment. Nevertheless, some processes such as ozonation result in stable transformation products with often unknown toxicity. In the present study, whole effluents originating from nine different steps of advanced treatment combinations were compared for their aquatic toxicity. Assessed endpoints were survival, growth and reproduction of Lumbriculus variegatus, Daphnia magna and Lemna minor chronically exposed in on-site flow-through tests based on standard guidelines...
March 2, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283289/combined-use-of-vuv-and-uvc-photoreactors-for-the-treatment-of-hospital-laundry-wastewaters-reduction-of-load-parameters-detoxification-and-life-cycle-assessment-of-different-configurations
#13
Rômulo de Oliveira Schwaickhardt, Ênio Leandro Machado, Carlos Alexandre Lutterbeck
The present research investigated the treatment of hospital laundry wastewaters by the combined use of photochemical VUV and UVC reactors. Seven different configurations were tested and the performances of each of them were evaluated based on the removal of the load parameters, detoxification and life cycle assessment (LCA). The characterization of studied wastewaters included analysis of the following parameters: COD, BOD5, TKN, total P, pH, turbidity and conductivity. Acute ecotoxicity was evaluated using Daphnia magna...
March 7, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279894/inhalation-of-progesterone-inhibits-chronic-airway-inflammation-of-mice-exposed-to-ozone
#14
Xia Fei, Wuping Bao, Pengyu Zhang, Xue Zhang, Guoqing Zhang, Yingying Zhang, Xin Zhou, Min Zhang
Chronic ozone exposure leads to a model of mice with lung inflammation, emphysema and oxidative stress. Progesterone plays an important role in attenuating the neuroinflammation. We assume that progesterone will reduce the chronic airway inflammation exposed to ozone and evaluate whether combination of progesterone with glucocorticoids results in synergistic effects. C57/BL6 mice were exposed to ozone (2.5ppm, 3h) 12 times over 6 weeks, and were administered with progesterone (0.03 or 0.3mg/L; inhaled) alone or combined with budesonide (BUD) (0...
March 6, 2017: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274830/alternative-fluorimetric-based-method-to-detect-and-compare-total-s-nitrosothiols-in-plants
#15
Paulo Tamaso Mioto, Marta Rodríguez-Ruiz, Augustin Catalin Mot, Rafael Zuccarelli, Francisco J Corpas, Luciano Freschi, Helenice Mercier
Nitric oxide (NO) is an important signaling molecule occurring in virtually all organisms, whose mechanism of action relies mainly on its interaction with proteins or peptides by nitrosylation, forming compounds such as S-nitrosothiols (SNO). The Saville reaction and the ozone-based chemiluminescence method are the main techniques used for nitrosylated protein quantification. While the Saville assay is not very sensitive, the ozone-based chemiluminescence is expensive and time-consuming. Here we propose a method in which the protein-bound NO groups are exposed to UV light, cleaving the bond and allowing the quantification of the derived NO molecules by diamino-rhodamine (DAR) dyes...
March 6, 2017: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274190/evaluating-the-biosafety-of-conventional-and-o3-bac-process-and-its-relationship-with-nom-characteristics
#16
Xiaobin Liao, Rusen Zou, Chao Chen, Baoling Yuan, Zhenming Zhou, Xiaojian Zhang
It is the priority to guarantee biosafety for drinking water treatment. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of widely applied conventional and ozone-biological activated carbon (O3-BAC) advanced treatment technology on biosafety of drinking water. The items, including assimilable organic carbon (AOC), biodegradable dissolved organic carbon (BDOC), heterotrophic plate counts (HPCs) and the microorganism community structures, were used to evaluate the biosafety. Moreover, their relationships with molecular weights (MWs) and fluorescence intensity of dissolved organic matter were investigated...
March 8, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273829/combined-effects-of-ozone-and-drought-on-the-physiology-and-membrane-lipids-of-two-cowpea-vigna-unguiculata-l-walp-cultivars
#17
Deborah Moura Rebouças, Yuri Maia De Sousa, Matthieu Bagard, Jose Helio Costa, Yves Jolivet, Dirce Fernandes De Melo, Anne Repellin
The interactive effects of drought and ozone on the physiology and leaf membrane lipid content, composition and metabolism of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) were investigated in two cultivars (EPACE-1 and IT83-D) grown under controlled conditions. The drought treatment (three-week water deprivation) did not cause leaf injury but restricted growth through stomatal closure. In contrast, the short-term ozone treatment (130 ppb 12 h daily during 14 day) had a limited impact at the whole-plant level but caused leaf injury, hydrogen peroxide accumulation and galactolipid degradation...
March 3, 2017: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273541/removal-of-pharmaceuticals-and-unspecified-contaminants-in-sewage-treatment-effluents-by-activated-carbon-filtration-and-ozonation-evaluation-using-biomarker-responses-and-chemical-analysis
#18
Kristina Beijer, Berndt Björlenius, Siraz Shaik, Richard H Lindberg, Björn Brunström, Ingvar Brandt
Traces of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) and other chemicals are demonstrated in effluents from sewage treatment plants (STPs) and they may affect quality of surface water and eventually drinking water. Treatment of effluents with granular activated carbon (GAC) or ozone to improve removal of APIs and other contaminants was evaluated at two Swedish STPs, Käppala and Uppsala (88 and 103 APIs analyzed). Biomarker responses in rainbow trout exposed to regular and additionally treated effluents were determined...
February 27, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272032/mn-sepiolite-as-the-heterogeneous-ozonation-catalysts-applied-to-the-advanced-treatment-of-regenerated-papermaking-wastewater
#19
Zheng Cheng, Rendang Yang, Yang Wang
Herein a Mn-deposited sepiolite catalyst was obtained through a facile co-precipitation method, and then used as the heterogeneous ozonation catalysts applied to the tertiary treatment of regenerated-papermaking wastewater. During the process, the as-prepared catalyst was endowed with higher Brunauer-Emmett-Teller specific surface area of 412.3 m(2)/g compared to 124.6 m(2)/g of the natural sepiolite. Hence, in the adsorption of methylene blue, the as-prepared catalyst was observed with a very high removal rate of 96...
March 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264776/pretreatment-of-shale-gas-drilling-flowback-fluid-sgdf-by-the-microscale-fe-0-persulfate-o3-process-mfe-0-ps-o3
#20
Heng Zhang, Zhaokun Xiong, Fangzhou Ji, Bo Lai, Ping Yang
Shale gas drilling flowback fluid (SGDF) generated during shale gas extraction is of great concern due to its high total dissolved solid, radioactive elements and organic matter. To remove the toxic and refractory pollutants in SGDF and improve its biodegradability, a microsacle Fe(0)/Persulfate/O3 process (mFe(0)/PS/O3) was developed to pretreat this wastewater obtained from a shale gas well in southwestern China. First, effects of mFe(0) dosage, O3 flow rate, PS dosage, pH values on the treatment efficiency of mFe(0)/PS/O3 process were investigated through single-factor experiments...
February 27, 2017: Chemosphere
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