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ozone treatment

Youngbeom Yu, Yang Hun Choi, Jaewon Choi, Soohoon Choi, Sung Kyu Maeng
The diversity of organic micropollutants (OMPs) in aquatic environments has been increasing rapidly during the last decade. Therefore, it is important to monitor and attenuate emerging contaminants before they can negatively affect the aquatic environment. However, due to the diversity and complexity of OMPs, there are limitations to using a single method for treating a combination of these pollutants. To address this issue, a mobile water treatment system (MWTS) equipped with different treatment units was designed to remove OMPs under field conditions...
May 20, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Hidetomo Himuro
Due to its strong oxidation activity, ozone has been well known to kill bacteria and exert toxic effects on human tissues. At the same time, ozone is being used for the treatment of diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease in some European countries. However, the use of ozone for therapeutic purposes, despite its strong toxic effects, remains largely unexplored. Interestingly, we found that intrarectal administration of ozone gas induced transient colonic epithelial cell damage characterized by the impairment of cell survival pathways involved in DNA replication, cell cycle, and mismatch repair...
May 21, 2018: Kurume Medical Journal
Achille De Battisti, Paolo Formaglio, Sergio Ferro, Mustafa Al Aukidy, Paola Verlicchi
Lab-scale experiments using real groundwater were carried out using the CabECO® reactor system in order to evaluate its suitability for producing safe water, acceptable for civil purposes. Trials were carried out in discontinuous and in continuous mode, analyzing the influence of electrical and hydraulic process parameters on the quality of treated water. The use of highly boron-doped diamond electrodes in the reactor allowed the electrosynthesis of considerable amounts of ozone. Because of the relatively high amount of chloride in the groundwater samples, a mixture of HOCl/ClO- was also synthesized...
May 12, 2018: Chemosphere
Juan Wang, Zhe Tian, Yingbin Huo, Min Yang, Xingcan Zheng, Yu Zhang
To perform a systematic survey on the occurrence and removal of micropollutants during municipal wastewater treatment, 943 semi-volatile organic chemicals in 32 wastewater samples including influents of secondary treatments, secondary effluents and final effluents (effluents of advanced treatments), which were collected from seven full-scale municipal wastewater treatment plants (MWTPs) in China, were examined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) coupled with an automated identification and quantification system with a database (AIQS-DB)...
May 2018: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Salatiel Wohlmuth da Silva, Alan Nelson Arenhart Heberle, Alexia Pereira Santos, Marco Antônio Siqueira Rodrigues, Valentín Pérez-Herranz, Andréa Moura Bernardes
Antibiotics are not efficiently removed in conventional wastewater treatments. In fact, different Advanced Oxidation Process (AOPs), including ozone, peroxide, UV radiation, among others, are being investigated in the elimination of microcontaminants. Most of AOPs proved to be efficient on the degradation of antibiotics, but the mineralization is on the one hand not evaluated or on the other hand not high. At this work, the UV-based hybrid process, namely Photo-assisted electrochemical Oxidation (PEO), was applied aiming the mineralization of microcontaminants such as the antibiotics Amoxicillin (AMX), Norfloxacin (NOR) and Azithromycin (AZI)...
May 17, 2018: Environmental Technology
Danielle D Lyons, Christie Morrison, Danielle A Philibert, Mohamed Gamal El-Din, Keith B Tierney
Due to the increasing volume of oil sands process-affect water (OSPW) and its toxicity to aquatic organisms, it is important to fully understand its effects and study remediation processes that will enable its release to the environment. Ozone treatment is currently being considered as a tool to expedite remediation, as it is known to degrade toxic organic compounds present in OSPW. In this study, we aimed to measure the effects of OSPW exposure on the growth, development and recovery of zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryos...
May 7, 2018: Chemosphere
Ameer Megahed, Brian Aldridge, James Lowe
A high reactivity and leaving no harmful residues make ozone an effective disinfectant for farm hygiene and biosecurity. Our objectives were therefore to (1) characterize the killing capacity of aqueous and gaseous ozone at different operational conditions on dairy cattle manure-based pathogens (MBP) contaminated different surfaces (plastic, metal, nylon, rubber, and wood); (2) determine the effect of microbial load on the killing capacity of aqueous ozone. In a crossover design, 14 strips of each material were randomly assigned into 3 groups, treatment (n = 6), positive-control (n = 6), and negative-control (n = 2)...
2018: PloS One
Karina Cubas do Amaral, Miguel Mansur Aisse, Gustavo Rafael Collere Possetti, Marcelo Real Prado
Upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactors used in sewage treatment generate two by-products that can be reused: sludge and biogas. At the present time in Brazil, most of this resulting sludge is disposed of in sanitary landfills, while biogas is commonly burned off in low-efficiency flares. The aim of the present study was to use life cycle assessment to evaluate the environmental impacts from four different treatment and final destination scenarios for the main by-products of wastewater treatment plants...
May 2018: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Chen Wen, Xiaoyi Xu, Yunshuang Fan, Changfa Xiao, Cong Ma
Coagulation-sedimentation combined with sponge iron/ozone (CS-SFe/O3 ) technology was applied to pretreat water-based seed coating wastewater (WSCW) from pesticide manufacturing. Coagulation with polyferric sulfate at a dosage of 1.5 g L-1 and a pH of 8.0 was effective, with color and chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal rates of 96.8 and 83.4%, respectively. SFe/O3 treatment further reduced the organic content in the effluents, especially concerning the degradation of aromatic pollutants, as demonstrated via ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometry (UV-vis), excitation-emission matrix (EEM) fluorescence spectrometry, and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) analyses...
May 4, 2018: Chemosphere
Lu Wang, Weiwei Ben, Yangang Li, Chao Liu, Zhimin Qiang
Ozonation is a promising means for the reduction of excess sludge in wastewater treatment plants. However, little information is available on the removal of antibiotics during sludge ozonation. Therefore, this study investigated first the behavior of four commonly-used hydrophobic antibiotics, including three tetracyclines (tetracycline, oxytetracycline, and doxycycline) and one macrolide (azithromycin) in activated sludge process and then their removal during sludge reduction by ozone. Results indicate that the studied antibiotics were primarily transferred into the solid phase of activated sludge via sorption, which was a reversible, spontaneous, and exothermic process governed by surface reactions...
May 3, 2018: Chemosphere
Devagi Kanakaraju, Beverley D Glass, Michael Oelgemöller
Pharmaceuticals, which are frequently detected in natural and wastewater bodies as well as drinking water have attracted considerable attention, because they do not readily biodegrade and may persist and remain toxic. As a result, pharmaceutical residues pose on-going and potential health and environmental risks. To tackle these emerging contaminants, advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) such as photo-Fenton, sonolysis, electrochemical oxidation, radiation and ozonation etc. have been applied to remove pharmaceuticals...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Sello Lebohang Manoto, Makwese Johaness Maepa, Shirley Keolebogile Motaung
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common degenerative joint disease and a growing health problem affecting more than half of the population over the age of 65. It is characterized by inflammation in the cartilage and synovium, resulting in the loss of joint structure and progressive damage to the cartilage. Many pro-inflammatory mediators are elevated in OA, including reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as nitric oxide (NO) and hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ). Damaged articular cartilage remains a challenge to treat due to the limited self-healing capacity of the tissue and unsuccessful biological interventions...
May 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Jérémie Damay, Iulian-Zoltan Boboescu, Xavier Duret, Olivier Lalonde, Jean-Michel Lavoie
Sweet sorghum was subjected to an impregnation step, which recovered most of the 1st generation sugars, prior to a steam-treatment extraction of the 2nd generation sugars, at three different severity factors (SF). A medium severity (3.56 SF) treatment proved to be an optimal compromise between the amount of sugars extracted and the fermentation inhibitors generated following the subsequent depolymerization approaches applied on the broth. Next, a series of detoxification approaches (ozonation, overliming and a combination of both) were investigated following a concentration and depolymerization step...
April 13, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Piotr Żukowski, Mateusz Maciejczyk, Danuta Waszkiel
OBJECTIVE: An oral cavity is a place especially susceptible to oxidative damage. It is subjected to many environmental pro-oxidative factors or factors that have the ability to generate reactive oxygen species (ROS). The aim of this article is to present the main sources of ROS and oxidative stress in the oral environment. DESIGN: A literature search was performed using the PubMed and Google Scholar databases. RESULTS: One of the most important ROS sources in the oral cavity is periodontal inflammation...
May 1, 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
Johannes Pohl, Berndt Björlenius, Tomas Brodin, Gunnar Carlsson, Jerker Fick, D G Joakim Larsson, Leif Norrgren, Stefan Örn
Pharmaceutical residues and other micro-contaminants may enter aquatic environments through effluent from sewage treatment plants (STPs) and could cause adverse effects in wild fish. One strategy to alleviate this situation is to improve wastewater treatment by ozonation. To test the effectiveness of full-scale wastewater effluent ozonation at a Swedish municipal STP, the added removal efficiency was measured for 105 pharmaceuticals. In addition, gene expression, reproductive and behavioral endpoints were analyzed in zebrafish (Danio rerio) exposed on-site over 21 days to ozonated or non-ozonated effluents as well as to tap water...
April 25, 2018: Aquatic Toxicology
Itzel Covarrubias-García, Aitor Aizpuru, Sonia Arriaga
The present paper focuses on the biofilm composition and pattern of biomass in gas biofiltration of ethyl acetate working under continuous addition of ozone (O3 ). Two biofilters were operated for 230 days, one under continuous addition of O3 (90 ppbv ) and another one without. Throughout the operation time, the extracellular polymeric substances (EPS), the main components in the extracellular matrix (ECM), were extracted from the biofilm and characterized qualitatively using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy with attenuated total reflectance (FTIR-ATR) and quantitatively by analyzing its main constituents: carbohydrates, proteins, and glucuronic acid...
May 4, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Marta Pogorzelec, Katarzyna Piekarska
The primary goal of the presented study was the investigation of occurrence and concentration of sixteen selected polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in samples from various stages of water treatment and verification of the applicability of semi-permeable membrane devices in the monitoring of drinking water. Another objective was to verify if weather seasons affect the concentration and complexity of PAHs. For these purposes, semipermeable membrane devices were installed in a surface water treatment plant located in Lower Silesia (Poland)...
August 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Bharat Bhushan, Samuel Martin
Superliquiphobic surfaces that exhibit self-cleaning, antifouling, finger touch resistance, and low drag properties with high transparency are of interest in industrial applications including optical devices, solar panels, and self-cleaning windows. In this paper, an overview of coatings using a simple and scalable fabrication technique are presented that exhibit superoleophobic/philic properties, wear resistance, finger touch resistance, and transparency. The coating comprises hydrophobic SiO2 nanoparticles with a binder of methylphenyl silicone resin...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Mary H Wood, Thomas J Wood, Rebecca J L Welbourn, Jeffrey Poon, David C Madden, Stuart M Clarke
The corrosive breakdown of thin iron films supported on silicon substrates under a number of conditions is presented-in particular to understand better how iron, and hence ferritic steel, behaves in a salty water environment. A combination of X-ray and neutron reflectometry was used to monitor the structures of both the metal and oxide surface layers and also organic corrosion inhibitors adsorbed at the iron/aqueous interface. A range of behaviour in seawater was observed, including complete dissolution and void formation under the metal surface...
May 2, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Bing Li, Chuan Liu, Lang Wang, Yang Li, Yong Du, Chuan Zhang, Xiao-Xue Xu, Han Feng Yang
Objective: This study was designed to compare the effects of catheter drainage alone and combined with ozone in the management of multiloculated pyogenic liver abscess (PLA). Methods: The prospective study included 60 patients diagnosed with multiloculated PLA. All patients were randomly divided into two groups: catheter drainage alone (group I) and catheter drainage combined with ozone (group II). Drainage was considered successful when (1) the abscess cavity was drained and (2) clinical symptoms were resolved...
2018: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
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