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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303856/maxillary-sagittal-position-in-relation-to-the-forehead-a-target-for-orthognathic-surgery
#1
Cory M Resnick, Carly E Calabrese, Anthea S Resnick
The relationship of the maxillary incisor to forehead position and angulation may be a predictor for the esthetic antero-posterior maxillary position in orthognathic surgery, but this has not been fully explored in the existing literature. Additionally, this analysis requires a lateral smiling photograph, which is not typically included in orthodontic/orthognathic records. This is a bidirectional study of Caucasian orthodontic patients with malocclusions correctable with nonsurgical and nonextraction treatment...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243716/oral-surgery-ii-part-5-chronic-orofacial-pain
#2
T Renton
Chronic orofacial pain syndromes represent a diagnostic challenge for any practitioner. Patients are frequently misdiagnosed or attribute their pain to a prior event such as a dental procedure, ENT problem or facial trauma. Psychiatric symptoms of depression and anxiety are prevalent in this population and compound the diagnostic conundrum. Treatment is less effective than in other pain syndromes and thus often requires a multidisciplinary approach to address the many facets of these conditions.
December 15, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223639/extensive-phenotyping-of-the-orofacial-and-dental-complex-in-crouzon-syndrome
#3
Alexander Khominsky, Robin Yong, Sarbin Ranjitkar, Grant Townsend, Peter J Anderson
OBJECTIVES: Fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2) C342Y/+ mutation is a known cause of Crouzon syndrome that is characterised by craniosynostosis and midfacial hypoplasia. Our aim was to conduct extensive phenotyping of the maxillary, mandibular and dental morphology associated with this mutation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Morphometric data were obtained from 40 mice, representing two genotypes (Crouzon and wild-type) and two sexes (males and females) (n=10 in each group)...
October 27, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220373/can-nerve-regeneration-on-an-artificial-nerve-conduit-be-enhanced-by-ethanol-induced-cervical-sympathetic-ganglion-block
#4
Yoshiki Shionoya, Katsuhisa Sunada, Keiji Shigeno, Akira Nakada, Michitaka Honda, Tatsuo Nakamura
This study aimed to determine whether nerve regeneration by means of an artificial nerve conduit is promoted by ethanol-induced cervical sympathetic ganglion block (CSGB) in a canine model. This study involved two experiments-in part I, the authors examined the effect of CSGB by ethanol injection on long-term blood flow to the orofacial region; part II involved evaluation of the effect of CSGB by ethanol injection on inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) repair using polyglycolic acid-collagen tubes. In part I, seven Beagles were administered left CSGB by injection of 99...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090247/perioperative-red-blood-cell-transfusion-in-orofacial-surgery
#5
REVIEW
So-Young Park, Kwang-Suk Seo, Myong-Hwan Karm
In the field of orofacial surgery, a red blood cell transfusion (RBCT) is occasionally required during double jaw and oral cancer surgery. However, the question remains whether the effect of RBCT during the perioperative period is beneficial or harmful. The answer to this question remains challenging. In the field of orofacial surgery, transfusion is performed for the purpose of oxygen transfer to hypoxic tissues and plasma volume expansion when there is bleeding. However, there are various risks, such as infectious complications (viral and bacterial), transfusion-related acute lung injury, ABO and non-ABO associated hemolytic transfusion reactions, febrile non-hemolytic transfusion reactions, transfusion associated graft-versus-host disease, transfusion associated circulatory overload, and hypersensitivity transfusion reaction including anaphylaxis and transfusion-related immune-modulation...
September 2017: Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053389/mrpl53-a-new-candidate-gene-for-orofacial-clefting-identified-using-an-eqtl-approach
#6
C Masotti, L A Brito, A C Nica, K U Ludwig, K Nunes, C P Savastano, C Malcher, S G Ferreira, G S Kobayashi, D F Bueno, N Alonso, D Franco, A Rojas-Martinez, S E Dos Santos, P A Galante, D Meyer, T Hünemeier, E Mangold, E T Dermitzakis, M R Passos-Bueno
A valuable approach to understand how individual and population genetic differences can predispose to disease is to assess the impact of genetic variants on cellular functions (e.g., gene expression) of cell and tissue types related to pathological states. To understand the genetic basis of nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (NSCL/P) susceptibility, a complex and highly prevalent congenital malformation, we searched for genetic variants with a regulatory role in a disease-related tissue, the lip muscle (orbicularis oris muscle [OOM]), of affected individuals...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034274/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-developmental-dental-anomalies-in-iranian-orofacial-cleft-patients
#7
Shabnam Ajami, Hamidreza Pakshir, Hedyeh Samady
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: Individuals with oral clefts exhibit considerably more dental anomalies than individuals without clefts. These problems could initially be among the symptoms of their disease and/or they may be the side effect of their treatments. Pushback palatoplasty could cause some interference during the development of teeth and result in tooth defects. PURPOSE: The study was performed to assess the prevalence and characteristics of developmental dental anomalies in orofacial cleft patients who attended Shiraz Orthodontics Research Center-Cleft Lip and Palate Clinic...
September 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991941/fever-rash-and-leukopenia-in-a-32-year-old-man-%C3%A2-dx
#8
Robert Gauer, Collin Hu, Lindsey Beaman
A 32-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with fever, chills, malaise, leukopenia, and a rash. About 3 weeks earlier, he'd had oral maxillofacial surgery and started a 10-day course of prophylactic amoxicillin/clavulanic acid. Fifteen days after the surgery, he developed a fever (temperature, 103° F), chills, arthralgia, myalgia, cough, diarrhea, and malaise. He was seen by his physician, who obtained a chest x-ray showing a lingular infiltrate. The physician diagnosed influenza and pneumonia in this patient, and prescribed oseltamivir, azithromycin, and an additional course of amoxicillin/clavulanic acid...
October 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936287/evaluation-of-orthognathic-surgery-on-articular-disc-position-and-temporomandibular-joint-symptoms-in-skeletal-class-ii-patients-a-magnetic-resonance-imaging-study
#9
Gholamreza Firoozei, Shirin Shahnaseri, Hasan Momeni, Parisa Soltani
BACKGROUND: The purpose of orthognathic surgery is to correct facial deformity and dental malocclusion and to obtain normal orofacial function. However, there are controversies of whether orthognathic surgery might have any negative influence on temporomandibular (TM) joint. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of orthognathic surgery on articular disc position and temporomandibular joint symptoms of skeletal CI II patients by means of magnetic resonance imaging. MATERIAL AND METHODS: For this purpose, fifteen patients with skeletal CI II malocclusion, aged 19-32 years (mean 23 years), 10 women and 5 men, from the Isfahan Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery were studied...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929829/quantitative-sensory-testing-for-assessment-of-somatosensory-function-in-human-oral-mucosa-a-review
#10
Pin Zhou, Yaming Chen, Jinglu Zhang, Kelun Wang, Peter Svensson
OBJECTIVE: This narrative review provides an overview of the quantitative sensory testing (QST) to assess somatosensory function in human oral mucosa. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A literature search was conducted in the PubMed database to identify studies in vivo on human oral mucosa using QST methods. A list of 149 articles was obtained and screened. A total of 36 relevant articles remained and were read in full text. Manual search of the reference lists identified eight additional relevant studies...
September 20, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928994/foxe1-mutation-screening-in-a-case-with-cleft-lip-hypothyroidism-and-thyroid-carcinoma-a-new-syndrome
#11
Hugo Mendieta-Zerón, Angélica Jiménez-Rosales, Carlos Jhovani Pérez-Amado, Silvia Jiménez-Morales
A 26-year-old woman is referred to the Internal Medicine consultation due to increases in laboratory studies associated with Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma (PTC) that was confirmed by histopathological studies. Her clinical history revealed that, at 3 months of age, she was successfully treated with surgery for cleft lip (CL) and at the age of 24 years was diagnosed with hypothyroidism. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in FOXE1 and its promoter regions have been associated with various etiologies related to the thyroid, including orofacial clefting, specially cleft palate (CP) and CL, hypothyroidism (HT), and thyroid cancer...
2017: Case Reports in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875139/a-comparative-study-of-quality-of-life-of-families-with-children-born-with-cleft-lip-and-or-palate-before-and-after-surgical-treatment
#12
Christian I Emeka, Wasiu L Adeyemo, Akinola L Ladeinde, Azeez Butali
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the quality of life (QoL) of parents/caregivers of children with cleft lip and/or palate before and after surgical repair of an orofacial cleft. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Families of subjects who required either primary or secondary orofacial cleft repair who satisfied the inclusion criteria were recruited. A preoperative and postoperative health-related QoL questionnaire, the 'Impact on Family Scale' (IOFS), was applied in order to detect the subjectively perceived QoL in the affected family before and after surgical intervention...
August 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761982/occlusal-chewing-and-tasting-characteristics-associated-with-orofacial-dysfunctions-in-children-with-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-a-case-control-study
#13
Ana Bheatriz Marangoni Montes, Thais Marchini de Oliveira, Maria Beatriz Duarte Gavião, Taís de Souza Barbosa
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess the associations between orofacial dysfunctions with malocclusion, masticatory performance, and taste in children with and without unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A patient-based, matched, case-control study was conducted involving 108 8- to 10-year-old children divided in UCLP and control groups. Orofacial dysfunctions were evaluated using the Nordic Orofacial Test-Screening (NOT-S)...
July 31, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664748/impact-of-cleft-lip-and-or-palate-in-children-on-family-quality-of-life-before-and-after-reconstructive-surgery
#14
P Macho, M Bohac, J Fedeles, D Fekiacova, J Fedeles
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of cleft lip/palate children together with consequent treatment on quality of family life using standardized questionnaire. Different to previous studies the evaluation of quality of family life by questionnaire was realized twice in the same group of families (before the reconstructive surgery and several months after palatoplasty). METHODS: The study was conducted in 40 families divided in two groups: 20 families with children with cleft lip (CL), 20 families with children with cleft lip and palate (CLP)...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612700/knowledge-gaps-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-a-systematic-mapping
#15
Marie Österberg, Anders Holmlund, Bo Sunzel, Sofia Tranæus, Svante Twetman, Bodil Lund
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate available knowledge and identify knowledge gaps within the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery, by systematically collecting and evaluating systematic reviews. Twelve specific domains were selected: surgical removal of teeth, antibiotic and corticosteroid prophylaxis, orofacial infections, dental and facial trauma, orthognathic surgery, reconstructive surgery, benign tumors, cysts, premalignant lesions, oral complications of treatment of malignant tumors, hyperbaric oxygen therapy, temporomandibular joint surgery, cost effectiveness of different surgical treatments, and ethics...
January 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604150/breastfeeding-after-early-repair-of-cleft-lip-in-newborns-with-cleft-lip-or-cleft-lip-and-palate-in-a-baby-friendly-designated-hospital
#16
Iva Burianova, Katarina Kulihova, Veronika Vitkova, Jan Janota
BACKGROUND: Goals of treatment of orofacial cleft are to improve feeding, speech, hearing, and facial appearance. Early surgery brings faster healing, better cosmetic effect, and fewer complications. Breastfeeding rates after early surgery are unknown. Early repair of the cleft lip may influence breastfeeding rates. Research aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate breastfeeding after early repair of the cleft lip in a Baby-Friendly designated hospital. The rate of breastfeeding in newborns with cleft lip was compared to cleft lip and palate...
August 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602887/cross-modal-recruitment-of-auditory-and-orofacial-areas-during-sign-language-in-a-deaf-subject
#17
Juan Martino, Carlos Velasquez, Javier Vázquez-Bourgon, Enrique Marco de Lucas, Elsa Gomez
BACKGROUND: Modern sign languages used by deaf people are fully expressive, natural human languages that are perceived visually and produced manually. The literature contains little data concerning human brain organization in conditions of deficient sensory information such as deafness. CASE DESCRIPTION: A deaf-mute patient underwent surgery of a left temporoinsular low-grade glioma. The patient underwent awake surgery with intraoperative electrical stimulation mapping, allowing direct study of the cortical and subcortical organization of sign language...
September 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571287/surgical-management-of-a-rare-case-of-massive-compound-odontome-associated-with-missing-primary-tooth
#18
Elengkumaran Sankaran, Sangeetha Narasimhan, K S Sabitha, Punit Chitlangia
Odontomes are considered to be the most common odontogenic tumours of the jaws. They are benign, mixed tumours arising from the remnants of both odontogenic epithelium and the ectomesenchyme resulting in the deposition of varied propotions of enamel, dentin, cementum and pulp tissues. As these lesions show deficiency only in structural arrangement, some authors consider odontomes as hamartomas or tumour like malformations. Though these lesions are more common in children, very few cases have been reported in less than five years age group...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501097/orofacial-pain-and-headaches-associated-with-exfoliation-glaucoma
#19
Noboru Noma, Mayumi Iwasa, Andrew Young, Mariko Ikeda, Yung-Chu Hsu, Maasa Yamamoto, Kenji Inoue, Yoshiki Imamura
BACKGROUND AND OVERVIEW: Exfoliation syndrome is the most common identifiable cause of open-angle glaucoma. The authors report a case of exfoliation glaucoma in a patient who had orofacial pain. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 77-year-old woman was treated at the orofacial pain clinic for left-sided facial pain and headaches of 7 months' duration. Her cataracts and open-angle glaucoma had been diagnosed approximately 3 years earlier. Her main symptoms were orofacial pain, eye redness, inflammation of the eyelids, and eyelid edema...
May 11, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483180/use-of-magnetic-neurostimulator-appliance-in-temporomandibular-disorder
#20
Marcelo Rossiti Florian, Vera Lucia Rasera Zotelli, Maria da Luz Rosário de Sousa, Larissa Angélica Bachir Polloni
Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is ranked the second leading cause of orofacial pain after toothache, and there is no effective standard treatment for all cases. Therefore, much research has been conducted in the therapeutic areas of TMD, such as acupuncture and electrotherapy, for this purpose. The aim of this research was to evaluate application of the neuromagnetic stimulator device Haihua model CD-9, used within the precepts of acupuncture in treating TMD-related pain symptoms and limited mouth opening...
April 2017: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
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