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orofacial surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761982/occlusal-chewing-and-tasting-characteristics-associated-with-orofacial-dysfunctions-in-children-with-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-a-case-control-study
#1
Ana Bheatriz Marangoni Montes, Thais Marchini de Oliveira, Maria Beatriz Duarte Gavião, Taís de Souza Barbosa
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess the associations between orofacial dysfunctions with malocclusion, masticatory performance, and taste in children with and without unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A patient-based, matched, case-control study was conducted involving 108 8- to 10-year-old children divided in UCLP and control groups. Orofacial dysfunctions were evaluated using the Nordic Orofacial Test-Screening (NOT-S)...
July 31, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664748/impact-of-cleft-lip-and-or-palate-in-children-on-family-quality-of-life-before-and-after-reconstructive-surgery
#2
P Macho, M Bohac, J Fedeles, D Fekiacova, J Fedeles
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of cleft lip/palate children together with consequent treatment on quality of family life using standardized questionnaire. Different to previous studies the evaluation of quality of family life by questionnaire was realized twice in the same group of families (before the reconstructive surgery and several months after palatoplasty). METHODS: The study was conducted in 40 families divided in two groups: 20 families with children with cleft lip (CL), 20 families with children with cleft lip and palate (CLP)...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612700/knowledge-gaps-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-a-systematic-mapping
#3
Marie Österberg, Anders Holmlund, Bo Sunzel, Sofia Tranæus, Svante Twetman, Bodil Lund
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate available knowledge and identify knowledge gaps within the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery, by systematically collecting and evaluating systematic reviews. Twelve specific domains were selected: surgical removal of teeth, antibiotic and corticosteroid prophylaxis, orofacial infections, dental and facial trauma, orthognathic surgery, reconstructive surgery, benign tumors, cysts, premalignant lesions, oral complications of treatment of malignant tumors, hyperbaric oxygen therapy, temporomandibular joint surgery, cost effectiveness of different surgical treatments, and ethics...
January 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604150/breastfeeding-after-early-repair-of-cleft-lip-in-newborns-with-cleft-lip-or-cleft-lip-and-palate-in-a-baby-friendly-designated-hospital
#4
Iva Burianova, Katarina Kulihova, Veronika Vitkova, Jan Janota
BACKGROUND: Goals of treatment of orofacial cleft are to improve feeding, speech, hearing, and facial appearance. Early surgery brings faster healing, better cosmetic effect, and fewer complications. Breastfeeding rates after early surgery are unknown. Early repair of the cleft lip may influence breastfeeding rates. Research aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate breastfeeding after early repair of the cleft lip in a Baby-Friendly designated hospital. The rate of breastfeeding in newborns with cleft lip was compared to cleft lip and palate...
August 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602887/cross-modal-recruitment-of-auditory-and-orofacial-areas-during-sign-language-in-a-deaf-subject
#5
Juan Martino, Carlos Velasquez, Javier Vázquez-Bourgon, Enrique Marco de Lucas, Elsa Gomez
BACKGROUND: Modern sign languages used by deaf people are fully expressive, natural human languages that are perceived visually and produced manually. The literature contains little data concerning human brain organization in conditions of deficient sensory information such as deafness. CASE DESCRIPTION: A deaf-mute patient underwent surgery of a left temporoinsular low-grade glioma. The patient underwent awake surgery with intraoperative electrical stimulation mapping, allowing direct study of the cortical and subcortical organization of sign language...
July 10, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571287/surgical-management-of-a-rare-case-of-massive-compound-odontome-associated-with-missing-primary-tooth
#6
Elengkumaran Sankaran, Sangeetha Narasimhan, K S Sabitha, Punit Chitlangia
Odontomes are considered to be the most common odontogenic tumours of the jaws. They are benign, mixed tumours arising from the remnants of both odontogenic epithelium and the ectomesenchyme resulting in the deposition of varied propotions of enamel, dentin, cementum and pulp tissues. As these lesions show deficiency only in structural arrangement, some authors consider odontomes as hamartomas or tumour like malformations. Though these lesions are more common in children, very few cases have been reported in less than five years age group...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501097/orofacial-pain-and-headaches-associated-with-exfoliation-glaucoma
#7
Noboru Noma, Mayumi Iwasa, Andrew Young, Mariko Ikeda, Yung-Chu Hsu, Maasa Yamamoto, Kenji Inoue, Yoshiki Imamura
BACKGROUND AND OVERVIEW: Exfoliation syndrome is the most common identifiable cause of open-angle glaucoma. The authors report a case of exfoliation glaucoma in a patient who had orofacial pain. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 77-year-old woman was treated at the orofacial pain clinic for left-sided facial pain and headaches of 7 months' duration. Her cataracts and open-angle glaucoma had been diagnosed approximately 3 years earlier. Her main symptoms were orofacial pain, eye redness, inflammation of the eyelids, and eyelid edema...
May 11, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483180/use-of-magnetic-neurostimulator-appliance-in-temporomandibular-disorder
#8
Marcelo Rossiti Florian, Vera Lucia Rasera Zotelli, Maria da Luz Rosário de Sousa, Larissa Angélica Bachir Polloni
Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is ranked the second leading cause of orofacial pain after toothache, and there is no effective standard treatment for all cases. Therefore, much research has been conducted in the therapeutic areas of TMD, such as acupuncture and electrotherapy, for this purpose. The aim of this research was to evaluate application of the neuromagnetic stimulator device Haihua model CD-9, used within the precepts of acupuncture in treating TMD-related pain symptoms and limited mouth opening...
April 2017: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402358/surgical-treatment-of-a-peripheral-ossifying-fibroma-and-reconstruction-with-a-porcine-collagen-matrix-a-case-report
#9
José González-Serrano, Rosa María López-Pintor, Ignacio Sanz-Sánchez, Víctor Manuel Paredes, Elisabeth Casañas, Lorenzo de Arriba, Gonzalo Hernández Vallejo
A 35-year-old woman was referred to the Department of Oral Medicine and Orofacial Surgery after several recurrences of an ossifying fibroma (OF) that affected the free and attached gingiva of the maxillary right central incisor. Surgery was performed with a complete excision of the lesion together with the surrounding healthy tissue up to the bone. To guide the healing of the anterior esthetic framework and the excised tissues, a porcine collagen matrix as an alternative to connective tissue graft was used...
May 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380087/orofacial-clefts-in-brazil-and-surgical-rehabilitation-under-the-brazilian-national-health-system
#10
Giselle Firmino Torres de Sousa, Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli
The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of live births with orofacial clefts in Brazil from 2009 to 2013, according to Brazil's federative units and regions, and correlate it with the number of corrective surgery procedures for cleft lip and palate performed through the Brazilian National Health System in the same period. The data were collected from the National Live Birth System (SINASC in Portuguese) and the Hospital Information System (SIH-SUS in Portuguese). The results showed that the average prevalence of oral clefts in the period was 5...
March 30, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330802/orofacial-trauma-in-rural-india-a-clinical-study
#11
Sunita Malik, Gurdarshan Singh, Gagandeep Kaur, Sunil Yadav, Hitesh C Mittal
PURPOSE: Orofacial trauma is becoming a leading medical problem worldwide. Most of the studies pertaining to orofacial trauma have been done in urban areas but very little scientific literature is available for rural areas. METHODS: A prospective medical institute-based study of orofacial injury patients was carried out from May 2013 to April 2016 (36 Months). Data regarding incidence, age and sex distribution, causes, types and site of injury, treatment modalities and trauma associated complications were collected and analysed...
February 24, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292285/congenital-malformations-and-medical-conditions-associated-with-orofacial-clefts-in-children-in-burkina-faso
#12
Kisito Nagalo, Isso Ouédraogo, Jean-Martin Laberge, Louise Caouette-Laberge, Jean Turgeon
BACKGROUND: Orofacial clefts are usually isolated cases but can be associated with other congenital malformations that are either recognised or unrecognised syndromes. The reported prevalence and pattern of such associated malformations, however, vary among studies. OBJECTIVES: To assess the frequencies and aetiologies of congenital malformations and associated medical conditions in children with orofacial clefts in Burkina Faso (Western Africa). METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study was carried out at the El Fateh-Suka Clinic in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso...
March 14, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286394/a-protocol-for-management-of-the-hairs-problem-in-oral-cavity-reconstruction-by-submental-flap
#13
Amin Rahpeyma, Saeedeh Khajehahmadi
BACKGROUND: Submental flap is a useful aid in maxillofacial reconstruction. For intraoral usage the hairs in male patients will create some problems. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective study, patients in whom submental flap had been used for reconstruction of orofacial region between 2007 and 2013, in the Mashhad University, Ghaem Hospital, were included. The ways in which the problem of hairs was solved in male patients were evaluated. RESULTS: There were 42 patients in whom submental flap was used for orofacial reconstruction...
March 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271298/post-operative-orofacial-pain-temporomandibular-dysfunction-and-trigeminal-sensitivity-after-recent-pterional-craniotomy-preliminary-study
#14
Thiago Medina Brazoloto, Silvia Regina Dowgan Tesseroli de Siqueira, Pedro Augusto Sampaio Rocha-Filho, Eberval Gadelha Figueiredo, Manoel Jacobsen Teixeira, José Tadeu Tesseroli de Siqueira
BACKGROUND: Surgical trauma at the temporalis muscle is a potential cause of post-craniotomy headache and temporomandibular disorders (TMD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of pain, masticatory dysfunction and trigeminal somatosensory abnormalities in patients who acquired aneurysms following pterional craniotomy. METHODS: Fifteen patients were evaluated before and after the surgical procedure by a trained dentist. The evaluation consisted of the (1) research diagnostic criteria for TMD, (2) a standardized orofacial pain questionnaire and (3) a systematic protocol for quantitative sensory testing (QST) for the trigeminal nerve...
May 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262308/periosteal-fasciitis-in-a-7-year-old-girl-a-diagnostic-dilemma
#15
M Lääveri, K Heikinheimo, D Baumhoer, P J Slootweg, R-P Happonen
Periosteal fasciitis, considered a subtype of nodular fasciitis, is a rare benign soft tissue mass often misdiagnosed as a malignant lesion due to its fast and infiltrative growth pattern and histological features. Nodular fasciitis is usually found in the upper extremities in adults and in the head and neck region in children. Incorrect diagnosis may lead to overtreatment, potentially causing disturbed orofacial development in growing children. A rapidly growing asymptomatic mass, initially suspected to be a malignant bone tumour, was found in the left angle area of the mandible in a healthy 7-year-old girl...
July 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231681/noninvasive-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs-for-the-treatment-of-orofacial-pain
#16
Jitka Fricova, Katerina Englerova, Richard Rokyta
OBJECTIVE: tDCS is a promising method for the treatment of chronic pain. Electrode placement locations must be chosen in accordance with the density and the time course of the current in order to prevent pathological changes in the underlying tissue. In order to reduce current spatial variability, more electrodes of the same polarity are placed in a circle around the second electrode of the opposite polarity. The applied current produced the greatest changes directly beneath the electrodes: the cathode reduces the excitability of cortical neurons, while the anode has the opposite effect...
October 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174653/eagle-syndrome
#17
Akira Baba, Yumi Okuyama, Hiroya Ojiri, Tsuneya Nakajima
Although rare, Eagle syndrome should be always considered in the differential diagnosis in patients with chronic orofacial pain refractory to conventional treatments. Treatment is surgery and exeresis of the styloid process via a transoral or cervical approach depending on clinical and radiological features.
February 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117859/lip-lifting-unveiling-dental-beauty
#18
Kyle Stanley, Matthew Caligiuri, Luís Henrique Schlichting, Panaghiotis K Bazos, Michel Magne
The focus for the achievement of complete success in the esthetic zone has traditionally been on addressing deficiencies of intraoral hard and soft tissue. Often, these deficiencies are accompanied by esthetic concerns regarding the lips that are routinely neglected by the dental team. A predictable plastic surgery technique - the lip lift - has been used for decades to enhance lip esthetics by shortening the senile upper lip to achieve a more youthful appearance. Over the years, this technique has been refined and used in many different ways, allowing its routine incorporation into full facial esthetic planning...
2017: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980337/continuous-cooling-mask-devices-reduce-patient-discomfort-and-postoperative-pain-and-swelling-in-patients-undergoing-orofacial-surgery
#19
COMMENT
Analia Veitz-Keenan
Data sourcesThe resources searched included: Medline, PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, CAB Abstracts, the Cochrane Library and Google Scholar. The PRISMA guidelines for reporting systematic reviews were followed. Study selection was limited to the English language. Hand searching for additional references was performed. An intensive search was conducted for published articles describing the use of hilotherapy following oral and maxillofacial surgery.Study selectionInclusion criteria involved patients using hilotherapy after oral and maxillofacial surgery...
December 2016: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930461/odontogenic-orofacial-infections
#20
Dario Bertossi, Antonio Barone, Antonio Iurlaro, Simone Marconcini, Daniele De Santis, Marco Finotti, Pasquale Procacci
Acute dental abscess is a frequent and sometimes underestimated disease of the oral cavity. The acute dental abscess usually occurs secondary to caries, trauma, or failed endodontic treatment. After the intact pulp chamber is opened, colonization of the root canals takes place with a variable set of anaerobic bacteria, which colonize the walls of the necrotic root canals forming a specialized mixed anaerobic biofilm. Asymptomatic necrosis is common. However, abscess formation occurs when these bacteria and their toxic products breach into the periapical tissues through the apical foramen and induce acute inflammation and pus formation...
January 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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