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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098956/the-effect-of-reference-group-classification-and-change-in-alcohol-consumption-on-the-association-between-alcohol-consumption-and-cardiovascular-disease
#1
Ji-Eun Park, Yeonhee Ryu, Sung-Il Cho
BACKGROUND: Many studies suggest that mild alcohol consumption can help avert cardiovascular disease (CVD). This study investigated the association between alcohol consumption and CVD incidence, and assessed whether this differed by reference group classification. As alcohol consumption amounts may change over time, the results of simple and time-dependent analyses were compared. METHODS: Data were from a community-based cohort study on 40- to 69-year-old Koreans recruited in 2001 to 2002...
January 18, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098941/posterior-cortex-epilepsy-surgery-in-childhood-and-adolescence-predictors-of-long-term-seizure-outcome
#2
Georgia Ramantani, Angeliki Stathi, Armin Brandt, Karl Strobl, Susanne Schubert-Bast, Gert Wiegand, Rudolf Korinthenberg, Vera van Velthoven, Josef Zentner, Andreas Schulze-Bonhage, Thomas Bast
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the long-term seizure outcome of children and adolescents who were undergoing epilepsy surgery in the parietooccipital cortex and determine their predictive factors. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data of 50 consecutive patients aged 11.1 (mean) ± 5.1 (standard deviation) years at surgery. All patients but one had a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-visible lesion. Resections were parietal in 40%, occipital in 32%, and parietooccipital in 28% cases; 24% patients additionally underwent a resection of the posterior border of the temporal lobe...
January 18, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098938/towards-prognostic-biomarkers-from-bold-fluctuations-to-differentiate-a-first-epileptic-seizure-from-new-onset-epilepsy
#3
Lalit Gupta, Rick Janssens, Mariëlle C G Vlooswijk, Rob P W Rouhl, Anton de Louw, Albert P Aldenkamp, Shrutin Ulman, René M H Besseling, Paul A M Hofman, Vivianne H van Kranen-Mastenbroek, Danny M Hilkman, Jacobus F A Jansen, Walter H Backes
OBJECTIVE: The diagnosis of epilepsy cannot be reliably made prior to a patient's second seizure in most cases. Therefore, adequate diagnostic tools are needed to differentiate subjects with a first seizure from those with a seizure preceding the onset of epilepsy. The objective was to explore spontaneous blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) fluctuations in subjects with a first-ever seizure and patients with new-onset epilepsy (NOE), and to find characteristic biomarkers for seizure recurrence after the first seizure...
January 18, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098741/does-familial-aggregation-of-chronic-low-back-pain-impact-on-recovery-a-population-based-twin-study
#4
J R Zadro, D Shirley, J F Sanchez-Romera, J R Ordoñana, P H Ferreira
STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal twin-cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact familial aggregation of chronic low back pain (LBP) has on the recovery from chronic LBP. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: LBP is a worldwide problem, with pain and disability often becoming chronic. Genetics and familial behaviours could significantly impact the recovery from chronic LBP but have not been extensively investigated. METHODS: 624 Spanish twins from the Murcia Twin Registry reported experiencing chronic LBP within the past two years during the 2009/11 data collection wave and were followed up in 2013...
January 16, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098740/adult-scoliosis-deformity-surgery-comparison-of-outcomes-between-1-vs-2-attending-surgeons
#5
Jaime A Gomez, Virginie Lafage, Daniel M Scuibba, Shay Bess, Gregory M Mundis, Barthelemy Liabaud, Regina Hanstein, Christopher Shaffrey, Michael Kelly, Christopher Ames, Justin S Smith, Peter G Passias, Thomas Errico, Frank Schwab
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of prospectively collected data. OBJECTIVE: Assess outcomes of adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery performed by 1 vs. 2 attending surgeons. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: ASD centers have developed 2-attending teams in order to improve efficiency; their effects on complications and outcomes have not been reported. METHODS: ASD patients with ≥5 levels fused and > 2-year follow-up were included...
January 16, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098736/foveal-exudate-and-choroidal-neovascularization-in-atypical-cases-of-multiple-evanescent-white-dot-syndrome
#6
Kevin C Chen, Marcela Marsiglia, Rosa Dolz-Marco, Sarwar Zahid, Sarah Mrejen, Jose S Pulido, Salomon Y Cohen, Benjamin Freilich, Lawrence A Yannuzzi, K Bailey Freund
PURPOSE: To describe atypical cases of multiple evanescent white dot syndrome (MEWDS) associated with foveal exudation, increased choroidal thickness, and secondary Type 2 (subretinal) neovascularization. METHODS: Four cases of atypical MEWDS were studied at a retina referral center. Patients underwent evaluation with multimodal retinal imaging, including fluorescein angiography, indocyanine green angiography, spectral-domain and enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (OCT)...
January 16, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098733/preventing-pupillary-capture-after-vitrectomy-and-transscleral-fixation-of-an-intraocular-lens-iridotomy-using-a-vitrectomy-probe
#7
Dae Yune Kim, Hyung Bin Lim, Tae Seen Kang, Jung Yeul Kim
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of concurrent iridotomy using a vitreous cutter probe on the prevention of pupillary capture in patients undergoing transscleral fixation of intraocular lens implantation. METHODS: A total of 79 eyes from 79 patients, who underwent transscleral fixation of intraocular lens without preexisting vitreoretinal disorders and who were followed up for 6 months were included. Subjects were divided into a noniridotomy group (51 eyes) and an iridotomy group (28 eyes)...
January 16, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098732/significant-reduction-of-peripapillary-choroidal-thickness-in-patients-with-unilateral-branch-retinal-vein-occlusion
#8
Hae Min Kang, Jeong Hoon Choi, Hyoung Jun Koh, Christopher Seungkyu Lee, Sung Chul Lee
PURPOSE: To evaluate changes in peripapillary choroidal thickness in patients with branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) over 12 months, using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography with enhanced depth imaging. METHODS: This retrospective, interventional case series included 20 treatment-naive patients with unilateral BRVO with at least 12 months follow-up. The peripapillary choroidal thickness was measured over 12 months. RESULTS: In BRVO-affected eyes, the mean peripapillary choroidal thickness was 213...
January 16, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098730/novel-classification-system-for-combined-hamartoma-of-the-retina-and-retinal-pigment-epithelium
#9
Vaidehi S Dedania, Cem Ozgonul, David N Zacks, Cagri G Besirli
PURPOSE: To develop an anatomical classification scheme for combined hamartoma of the retina and retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and specify recommendations for follow-up interval. METHODS: Retrospective review of patients with combined hamartoma of the retina and RPE examined during a 7-year period (2008-2015). The clinical presentation, fundus examination, and optical coherence tomography were analyzed. RESULTS: Lesions were classified based on location, fundus features, and optical coherence tomography findings...
January 16, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098729/vitrectomy-for-persistent-macular-holes-following-ocriplasmin-injection-a-comparative-multicenter-study
#10
Ricarda G Schumann, Armin Wolf, Hans Hoerauf, Albrecht Lommatzsch, Mathias Maier, Joachim Wachtlin, Michael J Koss, Thomas Kreutzer, Thomas Bertelmann, Sara Kazerounian, Stefan Mennel, Siegfried G Priglinger
PURPOSE: To determine functional and anatomical outcomes of pars plana vitrectomy for persistent full-thickness macular hole (MH) after intravitreal injection of ocriplasmin. METHODS: This is a multicenter retrospective interventional study of 37 eyes of 37 patients who underwent pars plana vitrectomy with internal limiting membrane peeling for persistent MH after ocriplasmin treatment between December 2013 and December 2015 and comparison with 35 eyes of 35 patients who were offered ocriplasmin injection but underwent pars plana vitrectomy alone without pharmacologic vitreolysis before surgery...
January 16, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098727/persistent-overproduction-of-intraocular-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-as-a-cause-of-late-vitreous-hemorrhage-after-vitrectomy-for-proliferative-diabetic-retinopathy
#11
Yoshihiro Wakabayashi, Yoshihiko Usui, Kinya Tsubota, Shunichiro Ueda, Kazuhiko Umazume, Daisuke Muramatsu, Hiroshi Goto
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether vitreous levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) predict late vitreous hemorrhage (VH) after vitrectomy for proliferative diabetic retinopathy, and how VEGF level changes in patients with postoperative late VH. METHODS: Eighty-five eyes of 68 patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy who underwent vitrectomy were analyzed retrospectively. Vitreous samples were collected from eyes undergoing primary vitrectomy and from eyes with late VH undergoing second vitrectomy...
January 16, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098725/how-vitreomacular-interface-modifies-the-efficacy-of-anti-vegf-therapy-for-myopic-choroidal-neovascularization
#12
Pierluigi Iacono, Maurizio Battaglia Parodi, Lorenzo Iuliano, Francesco Bandello
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of intravitreal ranibizumab in the treatment of myopic choroidal neovascularization (mCNV) complicated by vitreoretinal interface alterations. METHODS: Thirty-two patients affected by mCNV and concurrent vitreoretinal interface disorders, including macular epiretinal membrane (18 patients), lamellar macular hole (4 patients), full-thickness macular hole (1 patient), broad/focal vitreomacular traction (3 patients), broad/focal vitreomacular adhesion (4 patients), and myopic foveoschisis (2 patients), were enrolled in a prospective study...
January 16, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098723/assessment-of-the-internal-limiting-membrane-status-when-a-macular-epiretinal-membrane-is-removed-in-a-prospective-study
#13
Daniel Vila Solà, Cristofer Nienow, Ignasi Jürgens
PURPOSE: To describe the presence and integrity of the internal limiting membrane (ILM) after removal of the macular epiretinal membrane (ERM) and to investigate the accuracy of tissue identification using surgical dyes when compared to histopathology results. METHODS: Patients with idiopathic ERM were enrolled in a prospective study and randomized to one of two surgical techniques. In one (Group M), only the ERM was deliberately removed and in the other (Group L) the ILM was also removed...
January 16, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098718/double-exposure-to-adverse-psychosocial-work-factors-and-high-family-responsibilities-as-related-to-ambulatory-blood-pressure-at-work-a-5-year-prospective-study-in-women-with-white-collar-jobs
#14
Mahée Gilbert-Ouimet, Chantal Brisson, Alain Milot, Michel Vézina
OBJECTIVE: Accumulating evidence shows that psychosocial work factors of the demand-control and effort-reward imbalance models may contribute to increase blood pressure (BP). Women are more likely to be exposed to these psychosocial factors than men. Moreover, women spend twice as much time per week performing family responsibilities than men. This study aims to evaluate the longitudinal association of the double exposure to psychosocial work factors and high family responsibilities in women with BP over a 5-year follow-up...
January 17, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098624/long-term-survival-in-adults-treated-with-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-respiratory-failure-and-sepsis
#15
Viktor von Bahr, Jan Hultman, Staffan Eksborg, Björn Frenckner, Håkan Kalzén
OBJECTIVE: The use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in adults with respiratory failure and sepsis is steadily increasing, but the knowledge on long-term survival in this group is scarce. The aim of the present study was to investigate the 5-year survival rates and causes of late death in this group of patients. DESIGN: Single-center retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden. PATIENTS: Adult patients treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for respiratory failure and sepsis between the service being established for adults in 1995 and December 2013...
February 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098621/long-term-follow-up-of-retinal-pigment-epithelium-restoration-after-a-triple-tear
#16
Sarwar Zahid, Rosa Dolz Marco, K Bailey Freund
PURPOSE: To demonstrate longitudinal multimodal imaging findings in a case of neovascular age-related macular degeneration presenting with multiple retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) tears showing progressive RPE restoration. METHODS: Observational clinical case report. RESULTS: A 79-year-old woman diagnosed with neovascular age-related macular degeneration developed 3 consecutive RPE tears in her right eye during the course of treatment with intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor therapy...
December 19, 2016: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098576/grafting-and-dental-implantation-in-patients-with-jawbone-cavitation-case-series-and-3-year-follow-up
#17
Ya-Wei Chen, Miguel Simancas-Pallares, Mauro Marincola, Sung-Kiang Chuang
PURPOSE: Jawbone cavitation (BC) is not uncommon and is considered to be related to some cases of unexpected implant displacement into deep jawbone space. Here, a series of cases with BC is described, in which the lesions were accidentally found and successfully treated by bone grafting and dental implantation. METHODS: Thirty-four partially edentulous patients who were found to have BC during dental implant surgeries were included in this study. Alloplast bone substitute (β-tricalcium phosphate) grafting with immediate or staged locking-taper implant placement was performed...
January 16, 2017: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098197/dantrolene-versus-amiodarone-for-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-a-randomized-double-blinded-experimental-study
#18
Thomas Wiesmann, Dennik Freitag, Wolfgang Dersch, Daphne Eschbach, Marc Irqsusi, Thorsten Steinfeldt, Hinnerk Wulf, Carsten Feldmann
Dantrolene was introduced for treatment of malignant hyperthermia. It also has antiarrhythmic properties and may thus be an alternative to amiodarone for the treatment of ventricular fibrillation (VF). Aim of this study was to compare the return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) with dantrolene and amiodarone in a pig model of cardiac arrest. VF was induced in anesthetized pigs. After 8 min of untreated VF, chest compressions and ventilation were started and one of the drugs (amiodarone 5 mg kg(-1), dantrolene 2...
January 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098121/perspectives-on-hypertension-outcomes-after-single-stage-clearance-of-a-complete-staghorn-renal-calculus
#19
Ranjit Chaudhary, Kulwant Singh, Chirag S Dausage, Nidhi Jain
A 55-year-old male presented, in June 2013, with left flank pain. Investigations revealed a complete staghorn stone. He had undergone two sittings of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) in 2008 for left renal stone. One year subsequent to this, he was diagnosed with hypertension and diabetes. The management of complete staghorn stones in a single sitting is a difficult proposition. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is the gold standard to manage such stones. The patient was subjected to PCNL, and complete clearance was achieved in one sitting...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098111/incidence-of-hepatitis-c-virus-seroconversion-among-hemodialysis-patients-in-the-nile-delta-of-egypt-a-single-center-study
#20
Amany Talaat Kamal, Mohamed Nazmy Farres, Abeer Mohamed Eissa, Naglaa Ahmed Arafa, Raafat Saad Abdel-Reheem
Egypt has the highest worldwide prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, caused in part by nosocomial transmission. Patients on hemodialysis (HD) are at especially high risk of infection. We aimed to estimate the incidence of seroconversion among HCV-negative patients undergoing regular HD at a unit in a large public hospital in the Nile Delta of Egypt, which implements the Egyptian Ministry of Health guidelines for infection control, and an isolation policy for hepatitis-positive patients. We also assessed the adherence to infection control practices and evaluated nurses and physicians' knowledge and attitude toward infection control procedures...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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