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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786918/novel-genes-and-insights-in-complete-asthma-remission
#1
Judith M Vonk, Maartje A E Nieuwenhuis, F Nicole Dijk, Anne Boudier, Valerie Siroux, Emmanuelle Bouzigon, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Medea Imboden, Dirk Keidel, Don Sin, Yohan Bossé, Ke Hao, Maarten van den Berge, Alen Faiz, Gerard H Koppelman, Dirkje S Postma
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease without a cure, though there exists spontaneous remission. Genome wide association(GWA) studies have pinpointed genes associated with asthma development, but did not investigate asthma remission. OBJECTIVES: We performed a GWA study to develop insights in asthma remission. METHODS: Clinical remission (ClinR) was defined by absence of asthma treatment and wheezing in the last year and asthma attacks in the last 3 years, and complete remission (ComR) similarly but additionally with normal lung function and absence of bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR)...
May 22, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786883/left-ventricular-aneurysms-in-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-with-midventricular-obstruction-a-systematic-review-of-literature
#2
Moustafa O Elsheshtawy, Ahmed N Mahmoud, Mahmoud Abdelghany, Ida H Suen, Adnan Sadiq, Jacob Shani
BACKGROUND: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) with or without left ventricular apical aneurysm (LVA) had been studied in the past. Midventricular obstruction associated with HCM and LVA is a unique entity that has not been distinguished previously as a separate phenotypic disease in HCM patients. METHODS: A systematic review of Pubmed and Google Scholar was conducted from inception until September 2017 for all observational studies conducted on HCM with midventricular obstruction and LVA...
May 22, 2018: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786852/evolution-of-lobar-abnormalities-of-cerebral-glucose-metabolism-in-41-children-with-drug-resistant-epilepsy
#3
Tuhina Govil-Dalela, Ajay Kumar, Michael E Behen, Harry T Chugani, Csaba Juhász
OBJECTIVE: We analyzed long-term changes of lobar glucose metabolic abnormalities in relation to clinical seizure variables and development in a large group of children with medically refractory epilepsy. METHODS: Forty-one children (25 males) with drug-resistant epilepsy had a baseline positron emission tomography (PET) scan at a median age of 4.7 years; the scans were repeated after a median of 4.3 years. Children with progressive neurological disorders or space-occupying lesion-related epilepsy and those who had undergone epilepsy surgery were excluded...
May 22, 2018: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786830/blue-light-filtering-intraocular-lenses-iols-for-protecting-macular-health
#4
REVIEW
Laura E Downie, Ljoudmila Busija, Peter R Keller
BACKGROUND: An intraocular lens (IOL) is a synthetic lens that is surgically implanted within the eye following removal of the crystalline lens, during cataract surgery. While all modern IOLs attenuate the transmission of ultra-violet (UV) light, some IOLs, called blue-blocking or blue-light filtering IOLs, also reduce short-wavelength visible light transmission. The rationale for blue-light filtering IOLs derives primarily from cell culture and animal studies, which suggest that short-wavelength visible light can induce retinal photoxicity...
May 22, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786828/oral-contraceptives-for-pain-associated-with-endometriosis
#5
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Tineke J Crawford, Shree Datta, Andrew Prentice
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis is a common gynaecological condition which affects many women of reproductive age worldwide and is a major cause of pain and infertility. The combined oral contraceptive pill (COCP) is widely used to treat pain occurring as a result of endometriosis, although the evidence for its efficacy is limited. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness, safety and cost-effectiveness of oral contraceptive preparations in the treatment of painful symptoms ascribed to the diagnosis of laparoscopically proven endometriosis...
May 22, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786826/rare-case-of-bilateral-incarcerated-obturator-hernia-a-case-report
#6
Engin Hatipoğlu, Fatih Dal, Veysel Umman, Süleyman Demiryas, Oktay Demirkıran, Metin Ertem, Sabri Ergüney, Salih Pekmezci
Here, we report the case of an 84-year-old woman with acute mechanical intestinal obstruction (AMIO) who was admitted to our Emergency Department. Computed tomography (CT) scan revealed an incarcerated bilateral obturator hernia, and the defect was resolved using transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) technique with polypropylene mesh. The patient was administered an oral regimen two days after the operation. The patient stayed in the intensive care unit for 4 days and was uneventfully discharged on the 9th postoperative day...
May 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786825/the-comparison-of-arthroscopic-acromioplasty-with-and-without-acromioclavicular-coplaning
#7
Nuri Aydın, Barış Kocaoğlu, Ender Sarıoğlu, Okan Tok, Osman Güven
BACKGROUND: Coplaning means the removal of medial acromial spurs and inferior aspect of the distal clavicle. The aim of the study was to evaluate the outcomes of arthroscopic acromioplasty with and without coplaning in patients without acromioclavicular (AC) joint arthritis. METHODS: Because of impingement syndrome, arthroscopic subacromial decompression and acromioplasty was performed in Group 1 (9 males/31 female). In addition, coplaning was performed in Group 2 (8 males/21 females) by two different surgeons...
May 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786824/intramedullary-nail-with-integrated-cephalocervical-screws-in-the-intertrochanteric-fractures-treatment-position-of-screws-in-fracture-stability
#8
Gökhan Kaynak, Mehmet Can Ünlü, Mehmet Fatih Güven, Ozan Ali Erdal, Okan Tok, Hüseyin Botanlıoğlu, Önder Aydıngöz
BACKGROUND: Stable fracture fixation is important in the treatment of intertrochanteric femur (ITF) fractures in the elderly population to prevent the loss of reduction, achieve early mobility, and restore independence. The aim of this study was to present the results of surgical treatment of stable and unstable ITF fractures using a trochanteric antegrade intramedullary nail with two cephalocervical screws in an integrated mechanism (Intertan®; Smith & Nephew, Memphis, TN) and evaluate the relationship between the loss of reduction and screw position in the femoral neck in two planes...
May 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786823/application-of-hybrid-external-fixation-by-the-joystick-method-in-bicondylar-tibial-plateau-fractures-technical-note
#9
Ersin Kuyucu, Adnan Kara, Ferhat Say, Mehmet Erdil, Murat Bülbül, Barış Gülenç
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to present clinical outcomes in patients with tibial plateau fractures who were treated with hybrid external fixators and describe the details of our technique. Schanz screws were synchronously applied and used as a joystick for fracture reduction. METHODS: The study population included 72 patients with bicondylar tibial plateau fractures classified as type 41-C2 according to the AO classification. Joint reduction was maintained using Schanz screws transmitted through tibial condyles as a joystick under fluoroscopy...
May 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786822/volar-locking-plate-versus-k-wire-supported-external-fixation-in-the-treatment-of-ao-asif-type-c-distal-radius-fractures-a-comparison-of-functional-and-radiological-outcomes
#10
Altuğ Duramaz, Mustafa Gökhan Bilgili, Evren Karaali, Berhan Bayram, Nezih Ziroğlu, Cemal Kural
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the functional and radiological outcomes of K-wire-supported bridging external fixation (KW-EF) and volar locking plate (VLP) in the treatment of comminuted intra-articular distal radius fractures. METHODS: Patients treated for complex intra-articular distal radius fractures between February 2010 and April 2013 were retrospectively investigated. A total of 114 patients (42 females and 72 males) with a mean age of 44...
May 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786813/prediction-of-mortality-in-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-implementations-from-a-tertiary-pediatric-intensive-care-facility
#11
Ebru Atike Ongun, Oğuz Dursun
BACKGROUND: To explore the mortality risk factors of traumatic brain injury in pediatric intensive care unit admissions. METHODS: Eighty-eight children (categorized using the Glasgow Coma Scale) between September 2014 and December 2016 were analyzed. Emergency department and intensive care course, treatment strategies, axonal injury, intubation and tracheostomy rates, length of intensive care and hospitalization, Rotterdam-CT scores, injury severity scores, and PRISM-III scores were recorded...
May 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786811/-50-percent-of-patients-who-had-epilepsy-surgery-are-seizure-free
#12
Anna Edelvik, Ingrid B Olsson, Tove Hallbook, Kristina Malmgren
About one third of patients with epilepsy do not become seizure-free despite medication. For some, resective epilepsy surgery is the treatment of choice. There are three randomized controlled trials, with positive results at a follow-up of 1-2 years: two on temporal lobe resections on adults and young people and one on all types of epilepsy surgery on children. Since 1990 all epilepsy surgery procedures in Sweden are reported to the Swedish Epilepsy Surgery Register, now with data on almost 1500 patients. Two years after surgery about 50% of adults and children are seizure-free, and another 10% have been so during the last year...
May 22, 2018: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786810/-epilepsy-and-comorbid-neurodevelopmental-disorders
#13
Viviann Nordin, Ingrid B Olsson, Torbjörn Tomson
In children and adults with epilepsy, it is important to be aware of and diagnose common comorbidities that may have a large impact on quality of life. Comorbid neurodevelopmental disorders include intellectual disability, autism, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Depression and anxiety are common findings, and also the risk of psychosis is increased. The medication used to treat these comorbidities is found to be effective with little risks of seizure exacerbation, i.e. medication with methylphenidate, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and second generation neuroleptics...
May 22, 2018: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786773/survival-analysis-according-to-period-and-analysis-of-the-factors-influencing-changes-in-survival-in-patients-with-recurrent-breast-cancer-a-large-scale-single-center-study
#14
Sae Byul Lee, Guiyun Sohn, Jisun Kim, Il Yong Chung, Jong Won Lee, Hee Jeong Kim, Beom Seok Ko, Byung Ho Son, Sei-Hyun Ahn
BACKGROUND: We performed this study to analyze changing survival patterns regarding recurrent breast cancer in Korea during the last 16 years (1993-2008). We also sought to determine factors possibly influencing outcomes and changes over time in the duration of survival after recurrence. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 9671 patients with breast cancer treated between January 1993 and December 2008, comparing the periods 1993-2002 and 2003-2008.We retrospectively reviewed the collected database including the age at diagnosis, clinical manifestations, pathology report, surgical methods, types of adjuvant treatment modalities, type of recurrence, and follow-up period...
May 21, 2018: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786703/12-years-preservation-of-maxillary-permanent-incisors-with-cervical-root-fractures-adjacent-to-aggressive-periodontitis-report-of-a-case
#15
Sandra Tobiska, Gabriel Krastl
This case report presents long-term results following horizontal root fracture of both maxillary central incisors in a 19-year-old woman with aggressive periodontitis. Due to extensive marginal bone loss and the close proximity of the fracture lines to the bottoms of the periodontal pockets, the prognosis of both teeth was uncertain at the time of the accident. Nevertheless, a conservative treatment strategy consisting of splinting and nonsurgical periodontal therapy was initiated. Follow-up at 12 years after the start of treatment revealed a stable situation from clinical and radiologic perspectives...
May 17, 2018: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786537/complete-two-year-follow-up-with-formal-non-inferiority-testing-on-primary-outcomes-of-the-aida-trial-comparing-the-absorb-bioresorbable-scaffold-with-the-xience-drug-eluting-metallic-stent-in-routine-pci
#16
Ruben Yannick G Tijssen, Robin P Kraak, Sjoerd H Hofma, Rene J van der Schaaf, Karin Arkenbout, Auke Weevers, Joelle Elias, Ivo M van Dongen, Karel T Koch, Jan Baan, Marije Vis, Robbert J de Winter, Jan J Piek, Jan G P Tijssen, Jose P S Henriques, Joanna J Wykrzykowska
AIMS: The aim of this report of the AIDA trial is to provide full two-year outcomes for the primary endpoint of target vessel failure (TVF) and an update on device thrombosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: AIDA was a single-blind, multicentre, investigator-initiated, non-inferiority, randomised (1:1) clinical trial. At complete two-year follow-up, the primary endpoint of TVF had occurred in 100 patients in the Absorb BVS arm versus 90 patients in the XIENCE EES arm (HR 1...
May 22, 2018: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786534/-the-gynecological-pessary-is-it-really-a-device-of-another-age-a-fig-leaf
#17
E Nohuz, E Jouve, G Clement, B Jacquetin
OBJECTIVES: The use of pessary to put back up prolapsed organs to their normal position dates back prior to several millennia. This work aims to discuss its place in our clinical practice through an updated bibliographic review and emphasizes a hands-on approach to pessary fitting and management in terms of indication, pessary type selection, device' size, insertion, removal, follow-up visits and care. METHODS: A review of the literature, in the light of the latest publications and recommendations of French and international learned societies, as well as our own experience, were analyzed...
May 18, 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786532/rice-body-formation-without-rheumatic-disease-or-tuberculosis-in-a-sausage-ring-finger
#18
M Cegarra-Escolano, C Jaloux, O Camuzard
Rice bodies are very unusual lesions, generally encountered in chronic synovitis due to rheumatoid diseases or tuberculosis. A 31-year-old right-handed man presented with a 15-year history of progressively growing "sausage-like" swelling of the 4th finger and palm of his right hand. There was an immovable, painless mass with restriction of the finger's ROM without local or general associated signs. Imaging showed a large non-aggressive mass within the tendon sheath. Complete excision of the mass was performed...
May 18, 2018: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786511/-preeclampsia-a-challenge-also-for-cardiologists
#19
M Cournot, O Lairez, B Medzech
Due to its short-term consequences on perinatal outcome, preeclampsia has been long regarded as an obstetrical disease, strictly confined to a management by OB/GYNs. It has been now widely accepted that preeclampsia is most a systemic inflammatory and systemic vascular disease during pregnancy and then a lifelong risk factor for subsequent cardiovascular event in women's life. The aim of this review is to propose an overview in the current state-of-art in definition, early identification and management of preeclampsia...
May 18, 2018: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786492/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-suicide-in-europe-the-widening-gap
#20
Vincent Lorant, Rianne de Gelder, Dharmi Kapadia, Carme Borrell, Ramune Kalediene, Katalin Kovács, Mall Leinsalu, Pekka Martikainen, Gwenn Menvielle, Enrique Regidor, Maica Rodríguez-Sanz, Bogdan Wojtyniak, Bjørn Heine Strand, Matthias Bopp, Johan P Mackenbach
BACKGROUND: Suicide has been decreasing over the past decade. However, we do not know whether socioeconomic inequality in suicide has been decreasing as well.AimsWe assessed recent trends in socioeconomic inequalities in suicide in 15 European populations. METHOD: The DEMETRIQ study collected and harmonised register-based data on suicide mortality follow-up of population censuses, from 1991 and 2001, in European populations aged 35-79. Absolute and relative inequalities of suicide according to education were computed on more than 300 million person-years...
June 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
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