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ultrasound and cardiac arrest

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768359/case-report-of-gastric-distension-due-to-superior-mesenteric-artery-syndrome-mimicking-hollow-viscus-perforation-considerations-in-critical-care-ultrasound
#1
Yan-Mei Feng, Dong Wan, Rui Guo
RATIONALE: Critical care ultrasound identifies the signs of free intraperitoneal air and echogenic free fluid always indicates hollow viscus perforation (HVP) and needs immediate surgical interventions. However, in rare cases, these classic signs may also mislead proper clinical decisions. We report perforated viscus associated large peritoneal effusion with initial critical care ultrasound findings, whereas computed tomography (CT) examination confirmed a giant stomach due to superior mesenteric artery syndrome (SMAS)...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745451/electronic-cardiac-arrest-triage-score-best-predicts-mortality-after-intervention-in-patients-with-massive-and-submassive-pulmonary-embolism
#2
Taishi Hirai, Steven Tate, Kathryn Dryer, Deshon Jones, Jonathan Rosenberg, Sandeep Nathan, Atman P Shah, Kyle Carey, Matthew Churpek, Dana Edelson, Janet Friant, Jonathan Paul, John E A Blair
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the cardiac arrest triage (CART) Score would better predict poor outcomes after pharmacomechanical therapy (PMT) for massive and submassive pulmonary embolism (PE) than traditional risk scores BACKGROUND: PMT for massive and submassive PE allows for clot lysis with minimal doses of fibrinolytics. Although PMT results in improved right ventricular function, and reduced pulmonary pressures and thrombus burden, predictors of poor outcome are not well-studied. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of all patients who underwent PMT for massive or submassive PE at a single institution from 2010 to 2016...
May 10, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740831/do-emergency-physicians-rely-on-point-of-care-ultrasound-for-clinical-decision-making-without-additional-confirmatory-testing
#3
Mohamad Moussa, Julie M Stausmire
PURPOSE: It is unknown if Emergency Physicians (EPs) rely solely on Emergency Medicine performed Point-Of-Care Ultrasound (EM-POCUS) for clinical decision making or if they proceed to subsequent "gold standard" studies for confirmatory diagnosis. METHODS: After Institutional Review Board approval, an online survey was distributed by the Ohio Chapter of the American College of Emergency Physicians to its members. RESULTS: The most common EM-POCUS procedures used without confirmatory testing were: determination of cardiac activity during cardiac arrest (81...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708921/point-of-care-ultrasound-in-the-periarrest-setting-lessons-learned-a-case-report
#4
Peter Juhl-Olsen, Rasmus Aagaard, Anni Nørgaard Jeppesen
Point-of-care ultrasound may elucidate reversible causes of cardiac arrest, and its use is supported by international guidelines in the periarrest setting. We present a case in which the treatment of cardiac arrest caused tension pneumothoraces and cardiac tamponade by pneumopericardium. Both pneumothorax and tamponade were expected to be identified with ultrasound, but were not. Subcutaneous emphysema precluded the diagnosis of pneumothorax. Cardiac imaging was false negative for tamponade, because the latter was caused by air and not fluid...
May 1, 2018: A&A practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705730/paediatric-traumatic-cardiac-arrest-a-delphi-study-to-establish-consensus-on-definition-and-management
#5
Annette C Rickard, James Vassallo, Tim Nutbeam, Mark D Lyttle, Ian K Maconochie, Doyo G Enki, Jason E Smith
AIMS: Paediatric traumatic cardiac arrest (TCA) is associated with low survival and poor outcomes. The mechanisms that underlie TCA are different from medical cardiac arrest; the approach to treatment of TCA may therefore also need to differ to optimise outcomes. The aim of this study was to explore the opinion of subject matter experts regarding the diagnosis and treatment of paediatric TCA, and to reach consensus on how best to manage this group of patients. METHODS: An online Delphi study was conducted over three rounds, with the aim of achieving consensus (defined as 70% agreement) on statements related to the diagnosis and management of paediatric TCA...
April 28, 2018: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703561/tension-hydrothorax-emergency-decompression-of-a-pleural-cause-of-cardiac-tamponade
#6
E E Vinck, J C Garzón, T Peterson, R Villarreal, L Cabrera, L Van den Eijnden
INTRODUCTION: A tension hydrothorax is defined as a massive pleural effusion presenting with hemodynamic abnormalities secondary to mediastinal compression. In these patients pleural volume increases intrathoracic pressure to the point of compromising diastolic filling and cardiac output simulating a cardiac tamponade physiology. This is an uncommon yet potentially fatal medical emergency that if left untreated may progress to cardiac arrest. Early detection and rapid intervention of these patients prevents cardiorespiratory collapse...
April 21, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692537/brown-fat-necrosis-with-calcifications-in-the-newborn-risk-factors-radiographic-findings-and-clinical-course
#7
Eleza T Golden, Paula Dickson, Stephen Simoneaux
Objective: To describe the radiographic appearance of subclinical calcified brown fat necrosis and the associated clinical and laboratory findings. Materials and Methods: Picture Archiving and Communications Sytem (PACS) was searched using keywords "soft tissue calcification" and "chest." The clinical record was searched for prior cardiac surgery, bypass, Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygentation (ECMO) and prostaglandin use. Age when calcifications were first detected, location, resolution, and associated laboratory abnormalities were recorded...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666716/survival-after-cardiac-arrest-secondary-to-massive-pulmonary-embolism
#8
Abdullah E Laher, Muhammed Moolla, Feroza Motara, Fathima Paruk, Guy Richards
Introduction: It is estimated that the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism (PE) is missed in as many as 84% of all cases of PE. Cardiac arrest following PE is generally associated with poor outcomes. Case Report: A 43-year-old man presented to the Emergency Department (ED) in cardiac arrest. Swelling of his right lower limb was noted on arrival. Point of care ultrasound was performed during ongoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and showed a thrombus in the right iliofemoral vein as well as dilatation of the right ventricle...
2018: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629927/physiology-directed-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-advances-in-precision-monitoring-during-cardiac-arrest
#9
Alexandra M Marquez, Ryan W Morgan, Catherine E Ross, Robert A Berg, Robert M Sutton
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We review the recent advances in physiologic monitoring during cardiac arrest and offer an evidence-based framework for prioritizing physiologic targets during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). RECENT FINDINGS: Current CPR guidelines recommend a uniform approach for all patients in cardiac arrest, but newer data support a precision strategy that uses the individual patient's physiology to guide resuscitation. Coronary perfusion pressure and arterial DBP are associated with survival outcomes in recent animal and human studies...
June 2018: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570428/intravascular-cooling-catheter-related-venous-thromboembolism-after-hypothermia-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Xuan Wang, Brian T Moy, Brett J Hiendlmayr, Felix Krainski, W Lane Duvall, Antonio B Fernandez
Fifty-four year-old man with recent history of myocardial infarction and a percutaneous coronary intervention who suffered a ventricular fibrillation arrest at home. He was resuscitated in the field. His heart rhythm was in atrial fibrillation. The cardiac catheterization showed a patent stent from his previous myocardial infarction and no new occlusions. He subsequently underwent hypothermia protocol using the Alsius CoolGard 3000 Temperature Control System and Icy Catheter. Heparin drip was started for atrial fibrillation 36 hours after catheter insertion and became therapeutic 2 hours before the end of cooling maintenance phase...
March 23, 2018: Therapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506763/intramural-atrial-hematoma-complicating-transesophageal-echocardiography-during-cardiac-arrest
#11
Benjamin Marchandot, François Levy, Nicola Santelmo, Paul-Michel Mertes, Olivier Morel
BACKGROUND: Adequate strategies using either transthoracic (TTE) or transesophageal (TEE) echocardiography in patients receiving cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an ongoing area of research. OBJECTIVES: As transthoracic point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) during cardiac arrest resuscitation might result in an increased duration of interruptions in the delivery of chest compressions; the use of TEE has been proposed as an alternative. METHODS: No technical complications of either TTE nor TEE are so far being reported in the literature...
May 2018: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469616/prehospital-echocardiography-during-resuscitation-impacts-treatment-in-a-physician-staffed-helicopter-emergency-medical-service-an-observational-study
#12
Rein Ketelaars, Christian Beekers, Geert-Jan Van Geffen, Gert Jan Scheffer, Nico Hoogerwerf
BACKGROUND: Patients in cardiac arrest must receive algorithm-based management such as basic life support and advanced (cardiac) life support. International guidelines dictate diagnosing and treating any factor that may have caused the arrest or may be complicating the resuscitation. Ultrasound may be of potential value in this process and can be used in a prehospital setting. The objective is to evaluate the use of prehospital ultrasound during traumatic and non-traumatic CPR and determine its impact on prehospital treatment decisions in a Dutch helicopter emergency medical service (HEMS)...
February 22, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439300/angiovac-system-used-as-an-adjunct-treatment-for-intra-cardiac-lead-and-valvular-vegetations
#13
Vishesh Kumar, Shahbaz A Malik, Maryam Sheikh, Adam Stys
Infections are known complications of cardiovascular implantable electronic devices (CIEDs). We describe a case of a 62-year-old male who presented with pulseless electrical activity (PEA) cardiac arrest and respiratory failure. He had a history of cardiac resynchronization device and defibrillator (CRT-D) implantation for nonischemic cardiomyopathy. After resuscitation, he was found to have methicillin sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) bacteremia on blood culture and large vegetations on the CRT-D lead and tricuspid valve found on echocardiography...
January 2018: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435465/missed-massive-pulmonary-embolism-and-the-hidden-threat-of-a-distal-deep-vein-thrombosis
#14
Cynthia Wong
A 47-year-old woman presented to her GP (general practitioner) surgery with a left leg pain of 4 days duration after a recent 4-hour flight. She was taking the oral combined contraceptive pill and had no past medical history. She had a low predictive Wells score for deep vein thrombosis, but her D-dimer was positive, so she had a proximal lower limb vein ultrasound scan as per the National Institute for Clinical Excellence guidelines, which was negative. Two days later, she presented to the emergency department with a collapse and dyspnea...
January 2018: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402362/-effects-of-mild-hypothermia-on-%C3%AE-adrenergic-signaling-pathway-in-a-cardiac-arrest-swine-model
#15
Fangfang Zhu, Xianfei Ji, Xia Zhong, Haoran Hu, Lining Liang, Jibin Chen, Deya Shang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of mild hypothermia on myocardial β-adrenergic receptor (β-AR) signal pathway after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in pigs with cardiac arrest (CA) and explore the mechanism of myocardial protection. METHODS: Healthy male Landraces were collected for reproducing the CA-CPR model (after 8-minute untreated ventricular fibrillation, CPR was implemented). The animals were divided into two groups according to random number table (n = 8)...
February 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364925/the-predictive-value-of-bedside-ultrasound-to-restore-spontaneous-circulation-in-patients-with-pulseless-electrical-activity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Chunshuang Wu, Zhongjun Zheng, Libing Jiang, Yuzhi Gao, Jiefeng Xu, Xiaohong Jin, Qijiang Chen, Mao Zhang
BACKGROUND: The prognosis of pulseless electrical activity is dismal. However, it is still challengable to decide when to terminate or continue resuscitation efforts. The aim of this study was to determine whether the use of bedside ultrasound (US) could predict the restoration of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) in patients with pulseless electrical activity (PEA) through the identification of cardiac activity. METHODS: This was a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies that used US to predict ROSC...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325813/cardiac-function-and-exercise-adaptation-in-8-children-with-lpin1-mutations
#17
Antoine Legendre, Diala Khraiche, Phalla Ou, François-Xavier Mauvais, Marine Madrange, Anne-Sophie Guemann, Jean-Philippe Jais, Damien Bonnet, Yamina Hamel, Pascale de Lonlay
INTRODUCTION: Lipin-1 deficiency is a major cause of rhabdomyolysis that are precipitated by febrile illness. The prognosis is poor, with one-third of patients dying from cardiac arrest during a crisis episode. Apart from acute rhabdomyolysis, most patients are healthy, showing normal clinical and cardiac ultrasound parameters. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We report cardiac and exercise examinations of 8 children carrying two LPIN1 mutations. The examinations were performed outside of a myolysis episode, but one patient presented with fever during one examination...
March 2018: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317349/finding-a-window-timing-of-cardiac-ultrasound-acquisition-during-cardiac-arrest
#18
EDITORIAL
Katherine M Berg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246742/timing-of-focused-cardiac-ultrasound-during-advanced-life-support-a-prospective-clinical-study
#19
Rasmus Aagaard, Bo Løfgren, Thorbjørn Grøfte, Erik Sloth, Roni R Nielsen, Christian A Frederiksen, Asger Granfeldt, Morten T Bøtker
INTRODUCTION: Focused cardiac ultrasound can potentially identify reversible causes of cardiac arrest during advanced life support (ALS), but data on the timing of image acquisition are lacking. This study aimed to compare the quality of images obtained during rhythm analysis, bag-mask ventilations, and chest compressions. METHODS: Adult patients in cardiac arrest were prospectively included during 23 months at a Danish community hospital. Physicians who had completed basic ultrasound training performed subcostal focused cardiac ultrasound during rhythm analysis, bag-mask ventilations, and chest compressions...
March 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242058/endovascular-cooling-versus-standard-femoral-catheters-and-intravascular-complications-a-propensity-matched-cohort-study
#20
Olivier Andremont, Damien du Cheyron, Nicolas Terzi, Cedric Daubin, Amélie Seguin, Xavier Valette, Flore-Anne Lecoq, Jean-Jacques Parienti, Bertrand Sauneuf
BACKGROUND: Targeted temperature management (TTM) contributes to improved neurological outcome in adults who have been successfully resuscitated after cardiac arrest with shockable rhythm. Endovascular cooling catheters are widely used to induce and maintain targeted temperature in the ICU. The aim of the study was to compare the risk of complications with cooling catheters and standard central venous catheters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective single-centre cohort study, we included all patients admitted to an intensive care unit for successfully resuscitated cardiac arrest that required endovascular TTM (Coolgard® , Zoll™ Medical corporation, MA, USA), between August 2012 and November 2014, inclusive...
March 2018: Resuscitation
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