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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334648/using-mass-struvite-precipitation-to-remove-recalcitrant-nutrients-and-micropollutants-from-anaerobic-digestion-dewatering-centrate
#1
M Abel-Denee, T Abbott, C Eskicioglu
The primary objective of this research was to remove recalcitrant nutrients from anaerobically digested sludge dewatering centrate. A struvite precipitation methodology is proposed where salt crystals are encouraged to ballast colloidal particles through heterogeneous nucleation and subsequent crystal growth. The secondary objective was to assess presence of micropollutants in precipitates. Four biologically unique dewatering centrates were used to test the precipitation methodology on the variety of anaerobic digester configurations that can be expected from municipal wastewater treatment plant...
January 5, 2018: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286507/study-the-impact-of-astaxanthin-on-developing-of-genomic-instability-in-human-peripheral-blood-lymphocytes-irradiated-in-vitro-on-g2-phase-of-cell-cycle
#2
D A Кurinnyi, S R Rushkovsky, O M Demchenko, M A Pilinska
OBJECTIVE: To identify the possibility of modification by astaxanthin the level of genome damages induced by gamma quanta in the culture of human peripheral blood lymphocytes exposed in vitro on postsynthetic (G2) phase of the first mitotic cycle. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Peripheral blood lymphocytes from four apparently healthy volunteers 35-51 years old were cultivated using modified micromethod. To obtain genomic damages in G2 phase of the first mitotic cycle the part of cultures was irradiated by γ quanta in dose 1...
December 2017: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241323/serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-concentrations-and-selected-diet-components-in-postmenopausal-women
#3
Anna Huta-Osiecka, Zbigniew Kasprzak, Krystian Wochna, Alicja Nowak
BACKGROUND: Nutrition and lifestyle factors play an important role in the development and maintenance of peak bone mass and the prevention of bone degradation. The aim of the present study was to assess 25-hydroxy- cholecalciferol [25(OH)D] serum concentration in postmenopausal women during the winter period and the supply of selected components in their diet. METHODS: The study was conducted on a group of 35 women aged 54–77, using a question- naire, including a 24-hour recall related to a subject’s nutrient consumption...
October 2017: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232333/structural-analysis-and-comprehensive-surgical-outcomes-of-the-sutureless-intrascleral-fixation-of-secondary-intraocular-lenses-in-human-eyes
#4
Bozho Todorich, Maxwell S Stem, Keshav Kooragayala, Aristomenis Thanos, Lisa J Faia, George A Williams, Tarek S Hassan, Maria A Woodward, Jeremy D Wolfe
PURPOSE: To describe surgical outcomes and structural characteristics of intraocular lenses (IOLs) implanted with transconjunctival sutureless intrascleral (SIS) fixation in human eyes. DESIGN: Retrospective interventional surgical case series involving live and cadaveric human eyes. METHODS: In this study, we investigated the surgical outcomes and structural anatomy of secondary IOLs implanted with the SIS technique in human eyes. All cases involving SIS IOL fixation performed at a single academic center from January 1, 2012, through July 30, 2016, were reviewed to describe the surgical technique, common indications, clinical outcomes, and the rate of common operative complications...
December 11, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223231/pupil-influence-on-the-quality-of-vision-in-rotationally-asymmetric-multifocal-iols-with-surface-embedded-near-segment
#5
Eric E Pazo, Richard N McNeely, Olivier Richoz, M Andrew Nesbit, Tara C B Moore, Jonathan E Moore
PURPOSE: To evaluate the influences of preoperative pupil parameters on the visual outcomes of the SBL-3, a rotationally asymmetric multifocal intraocular lens (IOL) with a surface-embedded near segment. SETTING: Cathedral Eye Clinic, Belfast, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom. DESIGN: Retrospective comparative case series. METHODS: Postoperatively, patients divided into 4 groups according to their pupil size as follows: Group A: 2...
November 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208827/optimizing-optical-outcomes-of-intraocular-lens-implantation-by-achieving-centration-on-visual-axis
#6
Prakhyat Roop
In existing designs of intraocular lenses (IOLs), optical outcomes are compromised even after perfectly executed surgery. The reason for this is misalignment of optical axis of the eye and its visual axis. There is a need to design an IOL which compensates for this misalignment and hence enhances the optical outcomes of cataract surgery. The present innovation attempts to fulfill this unmet need and optimizes optical outcomes of all IOLs of different optical profiles - spherical, aspheric, toric, and multifocal...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208810/optimizing-outcomes-with-toric-intraocular-lenses
#7
REVIEW
Manpreet Kaur, Farin Shaikh, Ruchita Falera, Jeewan S Titiyal
Toric intraocular lenses (IOLs) are the procedure of choice to correct corneal astigmatism of 1 D or more in cases undergoing cataract surgery. Comprehensive literature search was performed in MEDLINE using "toric intraocular lenses," "astigmatism," and "cataract surgery" as keywords. The outcomes after toric IOL implantation are influenced by numerous factors, right from the preoperative case selection and investigations to accurate intraoperative alignment and postoperative care. Enhanced accuracy of keratometry estimation may be achieved by taking multiple measurements and employing at least two separate devices based on different principles...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197775/waste-to-biofuel-integrated-system-and-its-comprehensive-techno-economic-assessment-in-wastewater-treatment-plants
#8
Chunhua Xin, Min M Addy, Jinyu Zhao, Yanling Cheng, Yiwei Ma, Shiyu Liu, Dongyan Mu, Yuhuan Liu, Paul Chen, Roger Ruan
Combining wastewater treatment and biofuel production is considered the cost-effective way for better waste remediation and lowering the environmental impact for biofuel production. In this study, an innovative integrated system incorporating sludge, scum and centrate treatment and biofuel production was developed. A comprehensive techno-economic analysis was conducted to evaluate the technology and economic feasibility of the integrated system with the consideration of biofuel production, wastewater treatment improvement, tax credits, carbon credit, and coproducts utilization...
November 14, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188781/notch1-signaling-activation-protected-myocardium-against-hypoxia-injury-via-reducing-programmed-cell-death
#9
Yongjun Hu, Zhaofen Zheng, Hongwei Pan, Jianqiang Peng, Yangping Luo, Bo Cui, Xin Zhong
Programmed cell death plays an important role in cardio protection, and Notch1 was an important factor related to programmed cell death. The role of Notch1 on ischemia myocardium remains unclear.H9C2 myocardial cells were cultured with routine medium, transfected with Notch1 over expression plasmid, Notch1-siRNA-overexpression plasmid and vehicle plasmid for further hypoxic experiment. Condition of hypoxic experiment was 1% oxygen centration and culturing for 12hours, then the cell proliferation activity and apoptosis rate was assessed by MTS kit and flow cytometry, respectively...
November 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167808/small-incision-lenticule-extraction-smile-in-the-correction-of-myopic-astigmatism-outcomes-and-limitations-an-update
#10
REVIEW
Jorge L Alió Del Barrio, Verónica Vargas, Olena Al-Shymali, Jorge L Alió
Small Incision Lenticule Extraction (SMILE) is a flap-free intrastromal technique for the correction of myopia and myopic astigmatism. To date, this technique lacks automated centration and cyclotorsion control, so several concerns have been raised regarding its capability to correct moderate or high levels of astigmatism. The objective of this paper is to review the reported SMILE outcomes for the correction of myopic astigmatism associated with a cylinder over 0.75 D, and its comparison with the outcomes reported with the excimer laser-based corneal refractive surgery techniques...
2017: Eye and Vision (London, England)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103645/emissions-of-volatile-sulfur-compounds-vscs-throughout-wastewater-biosolids-processing
#11
R M Fisher, N Le-Minh, J P Alvarez-Gaitan, S J Moore, R M Stuetz
Volatile sulfur compounds (VSCs) are important contributors to nuisance odours from the processing of wastewater sludge and biosolids. However, emission characteristics are difficult to predict as they vary between sites and are likely to be affected by biosolids processing configuration and operation. VSC emissions from biosolids throughout 6 wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) in Sydney, Australia were examined in this study. H2S was the VSC found at the highest concentrations throughout the WWTPs, with concentrations ranging from 7 to 39,000μg/m3...
November 2, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096733/bioaugmentation-with-nitrifying-granules-in-low-srt-flocculent-activated-sludge-at-low-temperature
#12
(no author information available yet)
Nitrifying granules were grown in a sidestream reactor fed municipal anaerobic digestion centrate and added in an initial slug dose and subsequent smaller daily doses to a non-nitrifying mainstream activated sludge system at 12C and 2.5-day aerobic solids retention time (SRT) to increase its nitrification capacity. Effluent NH3-N concentrations less than 1 mg/L were achieved with bioaugmentation, and nitrification was immediately lost when granules were removed after 30 days of bioaugmentation. Molecular microbial analyses indicated that nitrifying organisms remained attached to granules in the mainstream system with little loss to the flocculent sludge...
November 1, 2017: Water Environment Research: a Research Publication of the Water Environment Federation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090570/geometrical-alignment-of-multiple-fabrication-steps-for-rapid-prototyping-of-microfluidic-paper-based-analytical-devices
#13
Mohammad Rahbar, Pavel N Nesterenko, Brett Paull, Mirek Macka
Three main fabrication steps for microfluidic paper-based analytical devices (μPADs) were fully integrated with accurate geometrical alignment between the individual steps in a simple and rapid manner. A wax printer for creating hydrophobic barriers was integrated with an inexpensive (ca. $300) electronic craft plotter/cutter for paper cutting, followed by colorimetric reagent deposition using technical pens. The principal shortcoming in the lack of accurate and precise alignment of the features created by these three individual fabrication steps was addressed in this work by developing appropriate alignment procedures during the multistep fabrication process...
November 9, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075760/the-nine-step-minnesota-grading-system-for-eyebank-eyes-with-age-related-macular-degeneration-a-systematic-approach-to-study-disease-stages
#14
Timothy W Olsen, Albert Liao, Hershonna S Robinson, Neal V Palejwala, Nicholas Sprehe
Purpose: To refine the Minnesota Grading System (MGS) using definitions from the Age-Related Eye Disease Studies (AREDS) into a nine-step grading scale (MGS-9). Methods: A nine-step grading scale descriptive analysis using three key phenotypic features (total drusen area, increased, and decreased pigmentation) of human eyebank eyes that were graded according to definitions from the AREDS criteria in order to harmonize studies of disease progression for research involving human tissue...
October 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075017/assessment-of-a-novel-pinhole-supplementary-implant-for-sulcus-fixation-in-pseudophakic-cadaver-eyes
#15
K T Tsaousis, L Werner, C L C Trindade, J Guan, J Li, N Reiter
PurposeTo evaluate a novel small-aperture supplementary implant that applies the principle of pinholes for management of irregular astigmatism, in postmortem human eyes.MethodsPseudophakic human cadaver eyes were imaged by anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) to assess position of the in-the-bag intraocular lens (IOL). Eyes were prepared as per the Miyake-Apple technique. Two versions of the supplementary implant (open-loop and tripod designs) were then inserted into the sulcus of each eye...
October 27, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057163/characterization-of-long-working-distance-optical-coherence-tomography-for-imaging-of-pediatric-retinal-pathology
#16
Ruobing Qian, Oscar M Carrasco-Zevallos, Shwetha Mangalesh, Neeru Sarin, Lejla Vajzovic, Sina Farsiu, Joseph A Izatt, Cynthia A Toth
PURPOSE: We determined the feasibility of fovea and optic nerve head imaging with a long working distance (LWD) swept source optical coherence tomography (OCT) prototype in adults, teenagers, and young children. METHODS: A prototype swept source OCT system with a LWD (defined as distance from the last optical element of the imaging system to the eye) of 350 mm with custom fixation targets was developed to facilitate imaging of children. Imaging was performed in 49 participants from three age groups: 26 adults, 16 children 13 to 18 years old (teenagers), and seven children under 6 years old (young children) under an approved institutional review board protocol...
October 2017: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044058/femtosecond-laser-assisted-cataract-surgery-versus-2-2-mm-clear-corneal-phacoemulsification
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
H Ranjini, Praveen R Murthy, Gowri J Murthy, Vinay R Murthy
PURPOSE: Phacoemulsification is the surgical procedure of choice for cataract, providing excellent visual and safety outcomes. Femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) is an addition to the surgical armamentarium. The study aims to compare the outcomes of FLACS using LenSx™ (Alcon Inc., USA) to standard 2.2 mm clear corneal phacoemulsification. Prospective case-control, comparative, interventional study was conducted in a tertiary care center. METHODS: In each group, 55 eyes of 55 patients underwent cataract surgery using either FLACS or conventional phacoemulsification (control group)...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039937/concentration-independent-stereodynamic-g-probe-for-chiroptical-enantiomeric-excess-determination
#18
Paolo Zardi, Klaus Wurst, Giulia Licini, Cristiano Zonta
Enantiomeric excess (ee) determination is crucial in many aspects of science, from synthesis to materials. Within this subject, coupling molecular sensors with chiroptical techniques is a straightforward approach to the stereochemical analysis of chiral molecules, especially in terms of process immediacy and labor. Stereodynamic probes typically consist of racemic mixtures of rapidly interconverting enantiomeric conformers able to recognize a chiral analyte and greatly amplify its chiroptical readout. A great number of sensors have been developed, but their activity is generally restricted to one or a few classes of chemicals, and the analysis outcome relies on precise knowledge of the probe and analyte concentrations...
November 8, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023313/mini-scleral-lenses-for-correction-of-refractive-errors-after-radial-keratotomy
#19
Hsiao-Sang Chu, I-Jong Wang, Grace A Tseng, Wei-Li Chen, Yu-Chih Hou, Fung-Rong Hu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the factors affecting clinical outcomes of correcting cumulative refractive errors or irregular astigmatism after radial keratotomy (RK) using mini-scleral lenses. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 36 eyes receiving mini-scleral lenses after RK from July 2011 to June 2016. Analyses included age, refractive errors, best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (BSCVA), best contact lens-corrected visual acuity (BCLCVA), topographic indices, RK treatment zone diameter (TZD), power difference (PrD) within the RK treatment zone, and decentration distance (DD) of the RK treatment zone center...
October 11, 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022704/a-kinetic-model-of-nonenzymatic-rna-polymerization-by-cytidine-5-phosphoro-2-aminoimidazolide
#20
Travis Walton, Jack W Szostak
The nonenzymatic polymerization of RNA may have enabled copying of functional sequences during the origin of life. Recent progress utilizing 5'-phosphoro-2-aminoimidazole activation has reinvigorated the possibility of using nonenzymatic RNA polymerization for copying arbitrary sequences. However, the reasons why 2-aminoimidazole (AI) is a superior activation group remain unclear. Here we report that the predominant mechanism of polymerization using cytidine-5'-phosphoro-2-aminoimidazolide (Cp*) involves a 2-aminoimidazolium-bridged dinucleotide (Cp*pC) intermediate...
October 31, 2017: Biochemistry
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