keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

"euthanasia"

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145431/effects-of-periodontitis-on-the-development-of-asthma-the-role-of-photodynamic-therapy
#1
Larissa Carbonera Candeo, Nicole Cristine Rigonato-Oliveira, Aurileia Aparecida Brito, Rodrigo Labat Marcos, Cristiane Miranda França, Kristianne Porta Santos Fernandes, Raquel Agnelli Mesquita-Ferrari, Sandra Kalil Bussadori, Rodolfo Paula Vieira, Adriana Lino-Dos-Santos-Franco, Ana Paula Ligeiro-Oliveira, Anna Carolina Ratto Tempestini Horliana
To evaluate whether periodontitis modulates lung inflammation in an experimental model of asthma as well as the photodynamic therapy (PDT) is associated with a reduction of lung inflammation. Seventy-two BALB/c male mice (~2 months) were randomly divided into 8 groups (n = 9): Basal, Periodontitis (P), P+PT, P+PT+PDT, Asthma (A), A+P, A+P+PT, and A+P+PT+PDT. Periodontitis was induced by using the ligature technique and asthma was induced by ovalbumin (OVA). PT was performed with curettes and PDT with methylene blue (0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145000/proopiomelanocortin-processing-and-prohormone-convertase-1-level-in-dogs-with-pituitary-corticotroph-tumors
#2
G Benchekroun, P de Fornel-Thibaud, D Rosenberg
Preliminary data suggest that prohormone convertase 1 (PC1/3) protein expression and proopiomelanocortin (POMC) processing are altered in large corticotroph tumors. The aim of this study was to characterize the levels of ACTH precursors and PC1/3 protein in small and large corticotroph tumors of dogs with Cushing's disease. Pituitary tumors of dogs with Cushing's disease were collected postmortem 30 min to 12h after natural death or euthanasia, and classified as small or large. POMC, pro-ACTH, and PC1/3 were detected by Western blotting...
October 13, 2017: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135387/effect-on-bone-architecture-of-marginal-grooves-in-dental-implants-under-occlusal-loaded-conditions-in-beagle-dogs
#3
Hatsumi Kato, Shinichiro Kuroshima, Nao Inaba, Yusuke Uto, Takashi Sawase
The aim was to clarify whether marginal grooves on dental implants affect osseointegration, bone structure and the alignment of collagen fibers determining bone quality under loaded condition. Anodized Ti-6Al-4V alloy dental implants with and without marginal grooves were used (3.7 × 8.0 mm; test and control implants, respectively). Fourth premolars and first molars of six beagle mandibles were extracted. Two control and test implants were placed in randomly selected healed sites at 12 weeks after tooth extraction...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135293/-from-the-hallervorden-spatz-eponym-to-the-molecular-terminology
#4
Ferenc Garzuly
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: A combination of Niemann-Pick- and Hallervorden-Spatz diseases led to the death of a 17-year-old boy in 1994. Genetic counseling necessitated further investigations in 2017. Meanwhile, the nomenclature of Hallervorden-Spatz disease has been abandoned. The author analyze the reasons for this change. METHOD: Professional activities of Hallervorden and Spatz during and after the Nazi euthanasia program are presented. Also, the scientific efforts that led to the discovery of the genetic background of the disease and ultimately to its new name are highlighted...
October 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129179/euthanasia-and-physician-assisted-suicide-focus-on-the-data
#5
Malcolm H Parker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 20, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129123/opinions-of-nurses-regarding-conscientious-objection
#6
Rafael Toro-Flores, Pilar Bravo-Agüi, María Victoria Catalán-Gómez, Marisa González-Hernando, María Jesús Guijarro-Cenisergue, Margarita Moreno-Vázquez, Isabel Roch-Hamelin, Tamara Raquel Velasco-Sanz
BACKGROUND: In the last decades, there have been important developments in the scientific and technological areas of healthcare. On certain occasions this provokes conflict between the patients' rights and the values of healthcare professionals which brings about, within this clinical relationship, the problem of conscientious objection. AIMS: To learn the opinions that the Nurses of the Madrid Autonomous Community have regarding conscientious objection. RESEARCH DESIGN: Cross-cutting descriptive study...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128556/pro-140-monoclonal-antibody-to-ccr5-prevents-acute-xenogeneic-graft-versus-host-disease-in-nod-scid-il-2ry-null-mice
#7
Denis R Burger, Yvonne Parker, Kathryn Guinta, Daniel Lindner
Graft-versus-Host Disease (GvHD) is a prevalent and potentially lethal complication of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Humanized mouse models of xenogeneic-GvHD are important tools used to study the human immune response in vivo. Here we used NOD-scid IL-2Ry(null) mice (NSG) transplanted with human bone marrow stem cells to evaluate the role of immune cell engraftment in the production of acute GvHD. PRO 140, a humanized monoclonal antibody targeting the chemokine receptor, CCR5, was used to evaluate its influence on bone marrow cell engraftment and modulation of acute GvHD...
November 8, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128090/crocus-sativus-l-aqueous-extract-reduces-atherogenesis-increases-atherosclerotic-plaque-stability-and-improves-glucose-control-in-diabetic-atherosclerotic-animals
#8
Ei Christodoulou, N P E Kadoglou, M Stasinopoulou, O A Konstandi, C Kenoutis, Z I Kakazanis, A Rizakou, N Kostomitsopoulos, G Valsami
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: We aimed to evaluate a possible atheroprotective effect of saffron aqueous extract (SFE), and its potential anti-inflammatory mechanisms, in apoE knockout (ApoE(-/-)) mice. METHODS: Fifty male, ApoE(-/-) mice, fed a high-fat diet (HFD) for 12 weeks, were randomized into 5 groups: (1) baseline group, euthanatized, without intervention, (2) three saffron groups, receiving HFD and 30,60,90 mg/kg/day of SFE, respectively, for four weeks, per os through gavage, after reconstitution in water for injection (WFI), (3) control group (COG), receiving daily HFD and the same volume of WFI (four weeks)...
November 1, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125632/median-sternotomy-versus-intercostal-thoracotomy-for-lung-lobectomy-a-comparison-of-short-term-outcome-in-134-dogs
#9
Seth Bleakley, Kevin Phipps, Brian Petrovsky, Eric Monnet
OBJECTIVE: To compare short-term outcomes between dogs undergoing lung lobectomy via median sternotomy (MS) or intercostal thoracotomy (ICT). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case control study. METHODS: Medical records of dogs that underwent lung lobectomy via MS or ICT at a single institution were reviewed for demographics, intraoperative findings, and postoperative management and outcomes. Dogs with pleural effusion, pneumonia, migrating foreign body, lung abscess, spontaneous pneumothorax, or lung lobe torsion were excluded...
November 10, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123915/global-cerebral-ischemia-with-subsequent-respiratory-arrest-in-a-cat-after-repeated-use-of-a-spring-loaded-mouth-gag
#10
Emily A Hartman, Robert J McCarthy, Mary A Labato
Case summary: A 10-year-old neutered male domestic shorthair cat was evaluated because of signs of stertorous breathing and reverse sneezing of 8 months' duration. A CT scan performed 1 week before evaluation indicated nasopharyngeal stenosis or collapse. Increased respiratory effort, stertorous breathing, coughing, reverse sneezing, bilateral black ocular discharge and mucoid left nasal discharge were noted. Rhinoscopy suggested possible nasopharyngeal stenosis. Balloon dilation was attempted but unsuccessful...
July 2017: JFMS open reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123512/alternative-growth-promoters-modulate-broiler-gut-microbiome-and-enhance-body-weight-gain
#11
Serajus Salaheen, Seon-Woo Kim, Bradd J Haley, Jo Ann S Van Kessel, Debabrata Biswas
Antibiotic growth promoters (AGPs) are frequently used to enhance weight-gain in poultry production. However, there has been increasing concern over the impact of AGP on the emergence of antibiotic resistance in zoonotic bacterial pathogens in the microbial community of the poultry gut. In this study, we adopted mass-spectrophotometric, phylogenetic, and shotgun-metagenomic approaches to evaluate bioactive phenolic extracts (BPE) from blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum) and blackberry (Rubus fruticosus) pomaces as AGP alternatives in broilers...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119664/effects-of-body-condition-score-bcs-on-steroid-and-eicosanoid-metabolizing-enzyme-activity-in-various-mare-tissues-during-winter-anoestrus
#12
Mpt Owen, E N Ferjak, C A Cavinder, K J McCarty, K C Yankey, C G Hart, D D Burnett, Ttn Dinh, C O Lemley
The objective of this study was to determine the activity of steroid- and eicosanoid-metabolizing enzymes in horses with varying BCSs. The BCSs of twenty non-pregnant, anoestrous mares were determined prior to euthanasia, and tissue samples were collected from the liver, kidney, adrenal gland, ovary and endometrium. Cytochrome P450 1A (CYP1A), 2C (CYP2C), 3A (CYP3A) and uridine 5'-diphospho-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) activities were determined using luminogenic substrates. The MIXED procedure of SAS was used to test the effect of BCS on enzyme activity and differences between tissues...
November 8, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116876/preservation-of-functional-microvascular-bed-is-vital-for-long-term-survival-of-cardiac-myocytes-within-large-transmural-post-myocardial-infarction-scar
#13
Colleen Nofi, Yevgen Bogatyryov, Eduard I Dedkov
This study was aimed to understand the mechanism of persistent cardiac myocyte (CM) survival in myocardial infarction (MI) scars. A transmural MI was induced in 12-month-old Sprague-Dawley rats by permanent coronary artery ligation. The hearts were collected 3 days, 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 weeks after MI and evaluated with histology, immunohistochemistry, and quantitative morphometry. Vasculature patency was assessed in 4-, 8-, and 12-week-old scars by infusion of 15-micron microspheres into the left ventricle before euthanasia...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry: Official Journal of the Histochemistry Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113028/restoration-of-a-healthy-intestinal-microbiota-normalizes-portal-hypertension-in-a-rat-model-of-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis
#14
Teresa García-Lezana, Imma Raurell, Miren Bravo, Manuel Torres-Arauz, María Teresa Salcedo, Alba Santiago, Andreu Schoenenberger, Chaysavanh Manichanh, Joan Genescà, María Martell, Salvador Augustin
Portal hypertension (PH) drives most of the clinical complications in chronic liver diseases. However, its progression in nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and its association with the intestinal microbiota (IM) has been scarcely studied. Our aim was to investigate the role of IM in the mechanisms leading to PH in early NASH. The experimental design was divided in two stages: Stage 1: Sprague-Dawley rats were fed for 8 weeks with high-fat diet and high-glucose/fructose syrup (HFGFD) or control diet/water (CD)...
November 7, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108142/euthanasia-in-belgium-legal-historical-and-political-review
#15
Toni C Saad
This article describes and evaluates the Belgian euthanasia experience by considering its practice and policy, both before and after the formal decriminalisation of euthanasia in 2002. The pre-legal practice of euthanasia, the evolution of euthanasia legislation, criticism of this legislation, the influence of politics, and later changes to the 2002 Act on Euthanasia are discussed, as well as the subject of euthanasia of minors and the matter of organ procurement. It is argued that the Belgian euthanasia experience is characterised by political expedition, and that the 2002 Act and its later amendments suffer from practical and conceptual flaws...
2017: Issues in Law & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108049/body-fat-of-stock-type-horses-predicted-by-rump-fat-thickness-and-deuterium-oxide-dilution-and-validated-by-near-infrared-spectroscopy-of-dissected-tissues
#16
E N Ferjak, C A Cavinder, D D Burnett, C Mc Argo, T T N Dinh
Body condition score and percent body fat (BF; %) of horses are positively correlated with reproductive efficiency and are indicative of metabolic issues. However, BF in horses may be poorly predicted because current procedures are either subjective or dependent on one anatomical location. Therefore, the objectives of the current study were to compare 2 methods of predicting BF using rump fat thickness (RFT) and deuterium oxide (DO) dilution with actual tissue fat analysis by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) in stock-type horses and to identify the relationship between BF and BCS...
October 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107080/genotoxicity-evaluation-induced-by-tityus-serrulatus-scorpion-venom-in-mice
#17
Nathalia Coral Galvani, Thais Ceresér Vilela, Angelino Chitoma Domingos, Mírian Ívens Fagundes, Luiza Macarini Bosa, Indiani Conti Della Vechia, Rahisa Scussel, Márcia Pereira, Bethina Trevisol Steiner, Adriani Paganini Damiani, Carlos Chávez-Olórtegui, Vanessa Moraes De Andrade, Ricardo Andrez Machado de Ávila
Tityus serrulatus is the scorpion associated with the most severe cases of scorpion envenoming in Brazil. However, there are no studies reporting the genotoxic effects of this venom in natural or experimental envenomations. It is well known that DNA-damage responses are providing opportunities for improving disease detection and management. In this study was evaluating the genotoxicity of the T. serrulatus venom in different organs (hippocampus, cortex, striatum, blood, heart, lung, liver and kidney) and periods in mice experimentally envenomed...
October 26, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103125/histological-liver-chances-in-swiss-mice-caused-by-tannery-effluent
#18
Letícia Martins Rabelo, Abraão Tiago Batista Guimarães, Joyce Moreira de Souza, Wellington Alves Mizael da Silva, Bruna de Oliveira Mendes, Raíssa de Oliveira Ferreira, Aline Sueli de Lima Rodrigues, Guilherme Malafaia
Although tannery effluents are known for being highly toxic to organisms, reports about the effects of the intake of these xenobiotics on experimental mammal models are recent. Studies about the damages the chronic intake of these effluents can cause in the liver of outbred mice remain an unexplored field. Thus, the aim of the present study is to assess (histological) the hepatic condition of Swiss mice (outbred strain) chronically exposed to the intake of different raw tannery effluent concentrations diluted in water for 150 days...
November 4, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102117/genetic-and-pathogenic-characterization-of-a-russian-subtype-2-prrsv-1-isolate
#19
Anton G Yuzhakov, Sergei A Raev, Andrei N Skrylev, Alexander M Mishin, Tatiana V Grebennikova, Oleg A Verkhovsky, Alexei D Zaberezhny, Ivan Trus, Hans J Nauwynck, Taras I Aliper
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) causes reproductive failure and respiratory problems. Data about the virulence and pathogenicity of subtype 2 PRRSV-1 strains are limited. The main purposes of this investigation were to characterize the full genome sequence of the subtype 2 PRRSV-1 WestSib13 strain and to compare the pathogenicity with that of the subtype 1 PRRSV-1 Lelystad strain. Comparison of the whole genome sequence of the WestSib13 strain with that of PRRSV-1 prototype strains revealed a 76...
November 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099622/electroencephalographic-assessment-of-concussive-non-penetrative-captive-bolt-stunning-of-turkeys
#20
T J Gibson, C B Rebelo, T A Gowers, N M Chancellor
1. The aim of this study was to evaluate the electroencephalographic (EEG) and behavioural responses of turkeys stunned with three different concussive non-penetrative captive-bolt guns prior to slaughter. 2. Thirty-one slaughter weight ex-breeding female turkeys (29 weeks of age; mean body weight 13.32 ± SD 0.65 kg) were stunned with the Cash Poultry Killer (CPK) (n=10), Turkey Euthanasia Device (TED) (n=10) and Zephyr EXL (n=11). 3. Mean peak kinetic energy was highest for the CPK compared to the TED and Zephyr EXL (75...
November 3, 2017: British Poultry Science
keyword
keyword
97801
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"