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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934299/a-novel-copro-diagnostic-molecular-method-for-qualitative-detection-and-identification-of-parasitic-nematodes-in-amphibians-and-reptiles
#1
Lucas G Huggins, Christopher J Michaels, Sheena M Cruickshank, Richard F Preziosi, Kathryn J Else
Anthropogenic disturbance via resource acquisition, habitat fragmentation and climate change, amongst other factors, has led to catastrophic global biodiversity losses and species extinctions at an accelerating rate. Amphibians are currently one of the worst affected classes with at least a third of species categorised as being threatened with extinction. At the same time, they are also critically important for many habitats and provide man with a powerful proxy for ecosystem health by acting as a bioindicator group...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931544/a-mitohormetic-response-to-pro-oxidant-exposure-in-the-house-mouse
#2
Yufeng Zhang, Frances Humes, Gregory Almond, Andreas N Kavazis, Wendy R Hood
Mitochondria are hypothesized to display a biphasic response to reactive oxygen species (ROS) exposure. In this study, we evaluated the time course changes in mitochondrial performance and oxidative stress in house mice following X-irradiation. Forty-eight mice were equally divided among six groups, including a non-irradiated control and 5 experimental groups that varied in time between X-ray exposure and euthanasia (1 hour, 1, 4, 7, or 10 days after X-irradiation). We measured parameters associated with mitochondrial respiratory function and ROS emission from isolated liver and skeletal muscle mitochondria and levels of oxidative damage and antioxidants in liver, skeletal muscle, and heart tissues...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927918/the-safety-of-irreversible-electroporation-on-nerves-adjacent-to-treated-tumors
#3
Xiaomei Luo, Zilin Qin, Huimin Tao, Jian Shi, Gang Fang, Zhonghai Li, Xulong Zhou, Jibing Chen, Kecheng Xu, Jianying Zeng, Lizhi Niu
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the safety of irreversible electroporation (IRE) on the sciatic nerve after IRE ablation of adjacent tumor. METHODS: and analysis In this study, VX2 tumors were implanted adjacent to the sciatic nerves in 26 New Zealand white rabbits. The rabbits were divided into three groups 10 days after implantation, with two treatment groups of ten rabbits each and a control group of six rabbits. In one of the treatment groups (IRE-S group), the rabbits underwent ablation with a single IRE application, and in the other group (IRE-D group) the rabbits underwent two IRE applications...
September 16, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927447/protecting-effect-of-prp-codons-m142-and-k222-in-goats-orally-challenged-with-bovine-spongiform-encephalopathy-prions
#4
C Fast, W Goldmann, P Berthon, K Tauscher, O Andréoletti, I Lantier, C Rossignol, A Bossers, J G Jacobs, N Hunter, M H Groschup, F Lantier, J P M Langeveld
Breeding towards genetic resistance to prion disease is effective in eliminating scrapie. In sheep, classical forms of scrapie have been eradicated almost completely in several countries by breeding programs using a prion protein (PrP) gene (PRNP) amino acid polymorphism. For goats, field and experimental studies have provided evidence for several amino acid polymorphisms that are associated with resistance to scrapie, but only limited data are available concerning the susceptibility of caprine PRNP genotypes to BSE...
September 19, 2017: Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922354/reconstructing-promoter-activity-from-lux-bioluminescent-reporters
#5
Mudassar Iqbal, Neil Doherty, Anna M L Page, Saara N A Qazi, Ishan Ajmera, Peter A Lund, Theodore Kypraios, David J Scott, Philip J Hill, Dov J Stekel
The bacterial Lux system is used as a gene expression reporter. It is fast, sensitive and non-destructive, enabling high frequency measurements. Originally developed for bacterial cells, it has also been adapted for eukaryotic cells, and can be used for whole cell biosensors, or in real time with live animals without the need for euthanasia. However, correct interpretation of bioluminescent data is limited: the bioluminescence is different from gene expression because of nonlinear molecular and enzyme dynamics of the Lux system...
September 18, 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922323/face-graft-scaffold-production-in-a-rat-model
#6
Jérôme Duisit, Hadrien Amiel, Giuseppe Orlando, Adeline Dedriche, Catherine Behets, Pierre Gianello, Benoît Lengelé
BACKGROUND: As a route towards face bioengineering, our group previously reported the production of a complete scaffold production by perfusion-decellularization of a porcine ear subunit graft and partial recellularization. In order to extend the scaffold to the whole face and to down-scale it, we applied our findings to a rodent hemi-facial graft model. METHODS: After euthanasia, seven full-thickness rat hemi-face grafts were harvested with the CCA and the EJV as pedicle, and cannulated...
September 14, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921522/extraluminal-biodegradable-splint-to-treat-upper-airway-anterior-malacia-a-preclinical-proof-of-principle
#7
François Gorostidi, Cécile Courbon, Marco Burki, Antoine Reinhard, Kishore Sandu
OBJECTIVE: Upper airway malacia highly complicates the treatment of benign laryngotracheal stenosis, and no ideal option is available to date. We here explore the use of extraluminal biodegradable splints in an animal model of long-segment anterior tracheomalacia (TM). We show the efficacy, as well as the tissue tolerance, of a custom-made biodegradable extraluminal device surgically inserted around the trachea. STUDY DESIGN: Preclinical animal study. METHODS: Anterior TM was induced in rabbits through an anterior neck approach by removing eight consecutive anterior tracheal rings without damaging the underlying mucosa...
September 16, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920786/cryptococcus-neoformans-var-grubii-associated-renal-amyloidosis-causing-protein-losing-nephropathy-in-a-red-kangaroo-macropus-rufus
#8
Mary Irene Thurber, Jenessa Gjeltema, Matthew Sheley, Ray F Wack
A 10-year-old male castrated red kangaroo (Macropus rufus) presented with mandibular swelling. Examination findings included pitting edema with no dental disease evident on examination or radiographs. The results of blood work were moderate azotemia, hypoalbuminemia, and severely elevated urine protein:creatinine ratio (9.9). Radiographs showed an interstitial pattern of the caudal right lung, and an abdominal ultrasound demonstrated scant effusion. Symptomatic and empirical therapy with antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs, and an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor did not resolve clinical signs...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920775/laparoscopic-assisted-insertion-of-a-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-in-a-rescued-asiatic-black-bear-ursus-thibetanus-in-laos
#9
Romain Pizzi, Jonathan Mark Cracknell, Andrew C Kitchener, Nev Broadis, Denise Laughlin, Kirsty Officer, Yolanda Martinez Pereira, Matt Hunt
A 3-yr-old Asiatic black bear (Ursus thibetanus), weighing 68 kg, underwent a laparoscopic-assisted placement of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt for hydrocephalus in the Lao People's Democratic Republic. Rescued as a young cub with a notably domed head, the bear's condition had deteriorated with age, but euthanasia was not a viable option because of cultural issues. Surgery was attempted as a palliative measure. The bear had ventrally orientated crossed eyes (abducens nerve palsy and dorsal midbrain syndrome), papilledema, severe rhinorrhea, depressed mentation, lethargy, a very poor appetite, and was stunted...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918722/psilocybin-assisted-therapy-for-anxiety-and-depression-implications-for-euthanasia
#10
Nigel Strauss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916246/pre-clinical-toxicology-considerations-for-vaccine-development
#11
REVIEW
Nabil Al-Humadi
Vaccine development requires pre-clinical toxicology studies, following good laboratory practice (GLP), before first in human (phase I) use. Many factors are critical in the final outcome of any pre-clinical toxicology study. The study design is one of these critical factors and should be carefully planned to avoid any false negative and/or false positive results. Preparation is another most critical factor in a successful study. Major changes in any procedure during the course of study should be avoided by all means...
September 12, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915538/long-term-t3-and-t4-treatment-as-an-alternative-to-aerobic-exercise-training-in-improving-cardiac-function-post-myocardial-infarction
#12
Rayane Brinck Teixeira, Alexsandra Zimmer, Alexandre Luz de Castro, Bruna Gazzi de Lima-Seolin, Patrick Türck, Rafaela Siqueira, Adriane Belló-Klein, Pawan K Singal, Alex Sander da Rosa Araujo
Here we aimed to compare the beneficial effects of T3 and T4 hormone treatment to those provided by aerobic exercise training in Wistar rats post-myocardial infarction (MI). Rats in one group were SHAM-operated and in the other group were subjected to MI surgery. One week after surgery, the MI group animals either received T3 and T4 hormones by gavage or underwent a low intensity aerobic exercise training protocol on a treadmill, and both treatments lasted until 10 weeks after MI. Untreated SHAM-operated and MI groups were also followed for the same duration...
September 11, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914593/effects-of-local-administration-of-tiludronic-acid-on-experimental-periodontitis-in-diabetic-rats
#13
Nara L T Nunes, Michel R Messora, Luiz Fernando Oliveira, Mario Lisboa, Marina Costa Barcellos Garcia, Rodrigo O C C Rêgo, Arthur Belém Novaes, Sérgio Luís Scombatti de Souza, Edilson Ervolino, Flávia A C Furlaneto
BACKGROUND: Tiludronic acid (TIL) presents antiresorptive and anti-inflammatory properties and it has not been evaluated in the association periodontitis-diabetes mellitus (DM) to date. This study evaluated the effects of local administration of TIL on experimental periodontitis (EP) in rats with streptozotocin-induced DM. METHODS: Thirty-two animals (Rattus norvegicus, albinus, Wistar) were divided into groups DM/C (Control), DM/EP, DM/EP/TIL1 and DM/EP/TIL3. In groups EP, a ligature was placed around mandibular molars (MM)...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914219/-euthanasia-and-advanced-dementia
#14
B Keizer
Somewhere around 1975 there was a shift in our perception of suffering that is soon followed by death: it seemed a good idea to skip this unhappy stage of life. A complicated national debate arose, and continues to this day, about whether a life may be prematurely terminated in cases of insoluble misery. Legislation came into effect 2002, after 30 years of deliberation, and the rest of the world looked on in horror. England, in particular, liked to point out that the Dutch were on a very slippery slope.
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914147/attitudes-toward-euthanasia-among-turkish-university-students
#15
Gulsen Ulas Karaahmetoglu, Nesibe Sumeyye Kutahyalioglu
This study aims to examine perceptions and attitudes toward euthanasia among university students who are pursuing bachelor's degrees. Although the legalization and application of euthanasia are discussed commonly by health-care professionals and partially by lawyers, the ideas of other segments of society, especially university students, are taken place very rarely. The research was conducted descriptively to determine the ideas of 1,170 students at Kastamonu University from six different departments: arts and sciences, theology, tourism, nursing, school of physical education, and sports with using a questionnaire...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910992/physician-assisted-suicide-a-clean-bill-of-health
#16
Robert Preston
Background: Physician-assisted suicide (PAS) laws have been enacted in five US States and, along with physician-administered euthanasia, in Canada and the Netherlands. Sources of data: Annual reports of the Oregon Health Authority and published research papers. Areas of agreement: Not all recipients of lethal drugs use them to end their lives. Improvements in palliative care provision. Areas of controversy: Rising numbers of deaths from PAS...
September 1, 2017: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910224/an-ethical-analysis-of-euthanasia-and-physician-assisted-suicide-rejecting-euthanasia-and-accepting-physician-assisted-suicide-with-palliative-care
#17
Benjamin Shibata
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905718/physiologic-behavioral-and-histologic-responses-to-various-euthanasia-methods-in-c57bl-6ntac-male-mice
#18
Gregory P Boivin, Michael A Bottomley, Patricia A Schiml, Lori Goss, Nadja Grobe
Rodent euthanasia using exposure to increasing concentrations of CO2 has come under scrutiny due to concerns of potential pain during the euthanasia process. Alternatives to CO2, such as isoflurane and barbiturates, have been proposed as more humane methods of euthanasia. In this study, we examined 3 commonly used euthanasia methods in mice: intraperitoneal injection of pentobarbital-phenytoin solution, CO2 inhalation, and isoflurane anesthesia followed by CO2 inhalation. We hypothesized that pentobarbital-phenytoin euthanasia would cause fewer alterations in cardiovascular response, result in less behavioral evidence of pain or stress, and produce lower elevations in ACTH than would the isoflurane and CO2 methods, which we hypothesized would not differ in regard to these parameters...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903819/review-of-co%C3%A2-as-a-euthanasia-agent-for-laboratory-rats-and-mice
#19
Gregory P Boivin, Debra L Hickman, Michelle A Creamer-Hente, Kathleen R Pritchett-Corning, Natalie A Bratcher
Selecting an appropriate, effective euthanasia agent is controversial. Several recent publications provide clarity on the use of CO2 in laboratory rats and mice. This review examines previous studies on CO2 euthanasia and presents the current body of knowledge on the subject. Potential areas for further investigation and recommendations are provided.
September 1, 2017: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902941/intestinal-inflammatory-and-redox-responses-to-the-perioperative-administration-of-teduglutide-in-rats
#20
Beatriz Pinto da Costa, Ana Cristina Gonçalves, Ana Margarida Abrantes, Paulo Matafome, Raquel Seiça, Ana Bela Sarmento-Ribeiro, Maria Filomena Botelho, Francisco Castro-Sousa
Purpose: To investigate the inflammatory and redox responses to teduglutide on an animal model of laparotomy and intestinal anastomosis. Methods: Wistar rats (n=62) were allocated into four groups: "Ileal Resection and Anastomosis" vs. "Laparotomy", each one split into "Postoperative Teduglutide Administration" vs. "No Treatment"; and euthanized at the third or the seventh day. Ileal and blood samples were recovered at the baseline and at the euthanasia. Flow cytometry was used to study the inflammatory response (IL-1α, MCP-1, TNF-α, IFN-γ and IL-4 levels), oxidative stress (cytosolic peroxides, mitochondrial reactive species, intracellular glutathione and mitochondrial membrane potential) and cellular viability and death (annexin V/propidium iodide double staining)...
August 2017: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
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