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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666138/increase-in-assisted-suicide-in-switzerland-did-the-socioeconomic-predictors-change-results-from-the-swiss-national-cohort
#1
Nicole Steck, Christoph Junker, Marcel Zwahlen
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the strong increase in assisted suicides in Switzerland since 2008 is linked to a shift in the socioeconomic factors associated with assisted suicide and its related diagnoses. METHODS: In a population-based longitudinal study, we investigated assisted suicides in Switzerland over the period 2003-2014. Two groups of younger (25-64 years) and older (65-94 years) persons were analysed separately and compared. We calculated crude rates and used Cox proportional hazard and logistic regression models to examine associations of assisted dying with gender, marital status, education, religion, neighbourhood socioeconomic status and other variables, and investigated trends over time...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567828/vote-on-legalising-assisted-dying-in-guernsey-is-due-in-months
#2
Adrian O'Dowd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558003/physician-assisted-dying-thoughts-drawn-from-albert-camus-writing
#3
Claudia Bozzaro
Physician-assisted dying (assisted suicide and euthanasia) is currently an intensely discussed topic in several countries. Despite differences in legislation and application, countries with end-of-life laws have similar eligibility criteria for assistance in dying: individuals must be in a hopeless situation and experience unbearable suffering. Hopelessness, as a basic aspect of the human condition, is a central topic in Albert Camus' philosophical work The Myth of Sisyphus, which addresses the question of suicide...
March 20, 2018: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532465/voluntary-stopping-eating-and-drinking
#4
John W Wax, Amy W An, Nicole Kosier, Timothy E Quill
Voluntary stopping of eating and drinking (VSED) is a deliberate, self-initiated attempt to hasten death in the setting of suffering refractory to optimal palliative interventions or prolonged dying that a person finds intolerable. Individuals who consider VSED tend to be older, have a serious but not always imminently terminal illness, place a high value on independence, and have significant illness burden. VSED can theoretically be performed independent of clinician assistance and therefore avoids many of the ethical and legal concerns associated with physician-assisted dying or other palliative measures of last resort, However, VSED is an intense process fraught with new sources of somatic and emotional suffering for individuals and their caregivers, so VSED is best supervised by an experienced, well-informed clinician who can provide appropriate pre-intervention assessment, anticipatory guidance, medical treatment of symptoms, and emotional support...
March 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531630/medical-assistance-in-dying-examining-canadian-pharmacy-perspectives-using-a-mixed-methods-approach
#5
Lee Verweel, Zahava R S Rosenberg-Yunger, Taranom Movahedi, Allan H Malek
Background: Canada legalized assisted dying with the passing of Bill C-14, Medical Assistance in Dying (MAiD), in June 2016. This legislation has implications for health care professionals participating in MAiD. This research aims to understand the effect that MAiD has on pharmacists and pharmacy technicians in Canada. Methods: We conducted a thematic document analysis of pharmacy guidelines, position statements and standards of practice from pharmacy regulatory authorities across Canada...
March 2018: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446214/new-developments-in-india-concerning-the-policy-of-passive-euthanasia
#6
Scaria Kanniyakonil
Euthanasia and assisted dying are illegal in India according to Sections 306 and 309 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC), and Article 21 of the Constitution of India. There have been a number of cases where the Indian High Courts and Indian Supreme Court issued differing verdicts concerning the right to life and the right to die. Nevertheless, on 7 March 2011, a paradigm shift happened as a result of the Indian Supreme Court's judgment on involuntary passive euthanasia in the case of Aruna Shanbaug. In its judgment, the Supreme Court requested the government to prepare a law on euthanasia...
February 15, 2018: Developing World Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440046/assisted-dying-it-s-time-to-poll-uk-doctors
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 12, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437666/assisted-dying-in-us-and-canada-controversy-subsides-after-legalisation
#8
Bob Roehr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437655/should-doctor-assisted-dying-be-legal
#9
Terence English, Bernard Ribeiro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437652/most-uk-doctors-support-assisted-dying-a-new-poll-shows-the-bma-s-opposition-does-not-represent-members
#10
Jacky Davis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437643/commentary-palliative-care-and-assisted-dying-are-not-mutually-exclusive
#11
Bobbie Farsides
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402751/australian-state-of-victoria-passes-assisted-dying-bill
#12
Tony Kirby
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2018: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380195/assisted-dying-in-australia-and-limiting-court-involvement-in-withdrawal-of-nutrition-and-hydration
#13
Bernadette Richards, John Coggon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 29, 2018: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358162/man-wins-right-to-take-assisted-dying-case-to-court-of-appeal
#14
Anne Gulland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 22, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288877/family-caregivers-reflections-on-experiences-of-assisted-suicide-in-switzerland-a-qualitative-interview-study
#15
C Gamondi, Murielle Pott, Nancy Preston, Sheila Payne
CONTEXT: Thousands of family members worldwide are annually involved in assisted dying. Family participation in assisted dying has rarely been investigated and families' needs typically are not considered in assisted dying legislation and clinical guidelines. OBJECTIVES: To explore family caregivers' reflections on experiences of assisted suicide in Switzerland. METHODS: A cross-sectional qualitative interview study conducted in the Italian- and French-speaking regions of Switzerland...
April 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284475/existential-decision-making-in-a-fatal-progressive-disease-how-much-do-legal-and-medical-frameworks-matter
#16
Christian Weber, Barbara Fijalkowska, Katarzyna Ciecwierska, Anna Lindblad, Gisela Badura-Lotter, Peter M Andersen, Magdalena Kuźma-Kozakiewicz, Albert C Ludolph, Dorothée Lulé, Tomasz Pasierski, Niels Lynöe
BACKGROUND: Healthcare legislation in European countries is similar in many respects. Most importantly, the framework of informed consent determines that physicians have the duty to provide detailed information about available therapeutic options and that patients have the right to refuse measures that contradict their personal values. However, when it comes to end-of-life decision-making a number of differences exist in the more specific regulations of individual countries. These differences and how they might nevertheless impact patient's choices will be addressed in the current debate...
December 28, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214967/fear-of-life-fear-of-death-and-fear-of-causing-death-how-legislative-changes-on-assisted-dying-are-doomed-to-fail
#17
Matti Häyry
Fear of life, fear of death, and fear of causing death form a combination that prevents reasoned changes in laws concerning end-of-life situations. This is shown systematically in this article using the methods of conceptual analysis. Prevalent fears are explicated and interpreted to see how their meanings differ depending on the chosen normative stance. When the meanings have been clarified, the impact of the fears on the motivations and justifications of potential legislative reforms are assessed. Two main normative stances are evoked...
January 2018: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139332/the-views-of-adults-with-huntington-s-disease-on-assisted-dying-a-qualitative-exploration
#18
Laurence Regan, Nancy J Preston, Fiona J R Eccles, Jane Simpson
BACKGROUND: Assisted dying is frequently debated publicly and research often includes the views of health professionals on this issue. However, the views of people with life-limiting conditions, for whom this issue is likely to have a different resonance, are less well represented. AIM: The purpose of this study was to explore the views of people who live with the inevitability of developing Huntington's disease, a genetically transmitted disease which significantly limits life, on assisted dying...
November 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121333/is-it-now-institutionally-appropriate-for-the-courts-to-consider-whether-the-assisted-dying-ban-is-human-rights-compatible-conway-v-secretary-of-state-for-justice
#19
Clark Hobson
Noel Conway has ultimately been granted permission to apply for judicial review, to seek a declaration under section 4(2) Human Rights Act 1998 that section 2(1) Suicide Act 1961 is incompatible with his right to respect for private life under Article 8(1) ECHR. Both decisions in the application process are significant. They attempt to deal with the qualitative elements in the reasoning of Lords Neuberger, Mance and Wilson, in Nicklinson v Ministry of Justice: what Parliament is required to have done to have 'satisfactorily addressed' the question of relaxing or modifying section 2(1) Suicide Act...
November 7, 2017: Medical Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052518/voluntary-stopping-of-eating-and-drinking-is-medical-support-ethically-justified
#20
Ralf J Jox, Isra Black, Gian Domenico Borasio, Johanna Anneser
BACKGROUND: Physician-assisted dying has been the subject of extensive discussion and legislative activity both in Europe and North America. In this context, dying by voluntary stopping of eating and drinking (VSED) is often proposed, and practiced, as an alternative method of self-determined dying, with medical support for VSED being regarded as ethically and legally justified. ARGUMENT: In our opinion, this view is flawed. First, we argue that VSED falls within the concept of suicide, albeit with certain unique features (non-invasiveness, initial reversibility, resemblance to the natural dying process)...
October 20, 2017: BMC Medicine
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