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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648132/conscientious-objection-a-way-out-for-assisted-suicide-or-a-non-starter
#1
Derek Willis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2, 2017: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629916/a-medical-student-perspective-on-physician-assisted-suicide
#2
John Y Rhee, Katharine A Callaghan, Philip Allen, Amanda Stahl, Martin T Brown, Alexandra Tsoi, Grace McInerney, Ana-Maria G Dumitru
Physician assisted suicide and euthanasia (PAS/E) has been increasingly discussed and debated in the public square, including in professional medical organizations. However, the medical student perspective on the debate has been essentially absent. We present a medical student perspective on the PAS/E debate as future doctors and those about to enter the profession. We argue that PAS/E is not in line with the core principles of medicine, and the focus should rather be on providing high-quality end-of-life and palliative care...
June 16, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598715/responding-to-a-suicide-death-the-role-of-first-responders
#3
Kenneth Norton
Effective response by first responders in the immediate aftermath of a suicide death can play a critical role in reducing risk and promoting healing for family, friends and the larger community by helping people who are newly bereaved to cope with the immediate crisis, created by the death. They also can lay the foundation for the difficult journey of mourning and healing that must follow. Stressing the importance of a comprehensive and coordinated community response to suicide, this article addresses the principles and practices that are called for in the Guidelines by highlighting four distinct first responder communities: law enforcement and emergency medical services; medical examiners; funeral professionals; and clergy and faith leaders...
June 9, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542233/is-survival-improved-by-the-use-of-niv-and-peg-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-als-a-post-mortem-study-of-80-als-patients
#4
Christian Burkhardt, Christoph Neuwirth, Andreas Sommacal, Peter M Andersen, Markus Weber
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) and percutaneous gastrostomy (PEG) are guideline-recommended interventions for symptom management in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Their effect on survival is controversial and the impact on causes of death is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of NIV and PEG on survival and causes of death in ALS patients. METHODS: Eighty deceased ALS patients underwent a complete post mortem analysis for causes of death between 2003 and 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532236/evaluating-the-american-nurses-association-s-arguments-against-nurse-participation-in-assisted-suicide
#5
Eric Vogelstein
This discussion paper critically assesses the American Nurses Association's stated arguments against nurse participation in assisted suicide, as found in its current (2013) position statement. Seven distinct arguments can be gleaned from the American Nurses Association's statement, based on (1) the American Nurses Association's Code of Ethics with Interpretive Statements and its injunction against nurses acting with the sole intent to end life, (2) the risks of abuse and misuse of assisted suicide, (3) nursing's social contract or covenant with society, (4) the contention that nurses must not harm their patients, (5) the sanctity of life, (6) the traditions of nursing, and (7) the fundamental goals of nursing...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509753/physician-assisted-suicide-and-euthanasia-is-incompatible-with-medicine-a-response-from-medical-students
#6
John Y Rhee, Katharine A Callaghan, Amanda Stahl, Martin T Brown, Philip Allen, Grace McInerney, Ana-Maria G Dumitru
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492114/assisted-suicide-and-assisted-voluntary-euthanasia-stransham-ford-high-court-case-overruled-by-the-appeal-court-but-the-door-is-left-open
#7
David J McQuoid-Mason
Whether persons wishing to have doctor-assisted suicide or voluntary active euthanasia may make a court application based on their rights in the Constitution has not been answered by the Appeal Court. Therefore, if Parliament does not intervene beforehand, such applications can be made - provided the applicants have legal standing, full arguments are presented regarding local and foreign law, and the application evidence is comprehensive and accurate. The Appeal Court indicated that the question should be answered by Parliament because 'issues engaging profound moral questions beyond the remit of judges to determine, should be decided by the representatives of the people of the country as a whole'...
April 25, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486577/considerations-on-requests-for-euthanasia-or-assisted-suicide-a-qualitative-study-with-dutch-general-practitioners
#8
Katja Ten Cate, Donald G van Tol, Suzanne van de Vathorst
Background.: In the Netherlands, euthanasia or assisted suicide (EAS) is neither a right of the patient nor a duty of the physician. Beside the legal requirements, physicians can weigh their own considerations when they decide on a request for EAS. Objective.: We aim at a better understanding of the considerations that play a role when physicians decide on a request for EAS. Methods.: This was a qualitative study. We analysed 33 interviews held with general practitioners (GPs) from various regions in the Netherlands...
May 9, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462742/suicide-and-assisted-dying-in-dementia-what-we-know-and-what-we-need-to-know-a-narrative-literature-review
#9
J Diehl-Schmid, R Jox, S Gauthier, S Belleville, E Racine, C Schüle, G Turecki, S Richard-Devantoy
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based data on prevalence and risk factors of suicidal intentions and behavior in dementia are as scarce as the data on assisted dying. The present literature review aimed on summarizing the current knowledge and provides a critical discussion of the results. METHODS: A systematic narrative literature review was performed using Medline, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, PSYNDEX, PSYCINFO, Sowiport, and Social Sciences Citation Index literature. RESULTS: Dementia as a whole does not appear to be a risk factor for suicide completion...
May 2, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451551/an-ethical-review-of-euthanasia-and-physician-assisted-suicide
#10
Božidar Banović, Veljko Turanjanin, Anđela Miloradović
BACKGROUND: In the majority of countries, active direct euthanasia is a forbidden way of the deprivation of the patients' life, while its passive form is commonly accepted. This distinction between active and passive euthanasia has no justification, viewed through the prism of morality and ethics. Therefore, we focused on attention on the moral and ethical implications of the aforementioned medical procedures. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Clinical Hospital Center in Kragujevac, collected during the first half of the 2015...
February 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446107/euthanasia-and-physician-assisted-suicide-focus-on-the-data
#11
Ezekiel Emanuel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350148/-assisted-suicide-euthanasia-a-thorn-in-the-eye-of-the-apa
#12
EDITORIAL
C Baeken
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343206/-euthanasia-an-attempt-to-organize-issue
#13
Tomasz Kirmes, Mateusz Wilk, Czesław Chowaniec
This article is an attempt to complete and holistically discuss problem of euthanasia, especially its ethical and legal aspects, comparing to Polish law. The subject of euthanasia arouse interest of the society because it touches one of the most important aspects of life, which is the death. Even bigger emotions are aroused amongst physicians. They are forced to put on the line the life as biggest value on the one side and autonomy of human being on the other. It also touches the empathy for suffering. The euthanasia was divided into three forms: active euthanasia, passive euthanasia and assisted suicide...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282677/-physician-assisted-suicide-survey-on-%C3%A2-217-stgb-in-germany
#14
Julia Zenz, Ruth Rissing-van Saan, Michael Zenz
Background In late 2015, Germany passed a law (§ 217 StGB) prohibiting persons from aiding others in committing suicide on a regular, repetitive basis. Despite intensive societal debate and surveys about assisted dying, the present study was the first to examine attitudes towards the new legal regulation among professionals. Methods In early 2016, all participants of a congress on palliative care received a one-page anonymous questionnaire to complete until the end of the conference. The questionnaire consisted of questions regarding assisted suicide and the new law...
March 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235885/attitudes-towards-end-of-life-decisions-in-case-of-long-term-care-dependency-a-survey-among-the-older-population-in-austria
#15
Erwin Stolz, Hannes Mayerl, Anja Waxenegger, Éva Rásky, Wolfgang Freidl
BACKGROUND: Research on attitudes towards end-of-life decisions (ELDs) contextually most often refers to the very end of life, that is, to situations of terminally ill patients or severe pain, but it is rarely applied to the broader context of long-term care dependency in old age. METHODS: In a representative survey among older Austrians (50+, n=968), respondents were asked about their approval of assisted suicide and euthanasia (EUT) when requested by an older, severely care-dependent person...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210521/the-right-to-die-in-chronic-disorders-of-consciousness-can-we-avoid-the-slippery-slope-argument
#16
REVIEW
Rocco Salvatore Calabrò, Antonino Naro, Rosaria De Luca, Margherita Russo, Lory Caccamo, Alfredo Manuli, Alessia Bramanti, Placido Bramanti
Managing individuals with chronic disorders of consciousness raises ethical questions about the appropriateness of maintaining life-sustaining treatments and end-of-life decisions for those who are unable to make decisions for themselves. For many years, the positions fostering the "sanctity" of human life (i.e., life is inviolable in any case) have led to maintaining life-sustaining treatments (including artificial nutrition and hydration) in patients with disorders of consciousness, allowing them to live for as long as possible...
November 2016: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198298/responding-to-a-request-to-hasten-death
#17
Erin Dean
Essential facts Intense media interest and a number of high-profile court cases have kept the assisted suicide debate in the public eye.
February 15, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185525/responding-to-a-request-to-hasten-death
#18
Erin Dean
Essential facts Intense media interest and a number of high-profile court cases have kept debate about assisted suicide in the public eye.
February 10, 2017: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146566/general-practitioners-attitudes-towards-essential-competencies-in-end-of-life-care-a-cross-sectional-survey
#19
Stéphanie Giezendanner, Corinna Jung, Hans-Ruedi Banderet, Ina Carola Otte, Heike Gudat, Dagmar M Haller, Bernice S Elger, Elisabeth Zemp, Klaus Bally
BACKGROUND: Identifying essential competencies in end-of-life care, as well as general practitioners' (GPs) confidence in these competencies, is essential to guide training and quality improvement efforts in this domain. AIM: To determine which competencies in end-of-life care are considered important by GPs, to assess GPs' confidence in these competencies in a European context and their reasons to refer terminally ill patients to a specialist. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional postal survey involving a stratified random sample of 2000 GPs in Switzerland in 2014...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098622/physician-assisted-suicide-and-euthanasia-in-the-icu-a-dialogue-on-core-ethical-issues
#20
Ewan C Goligher, E Wesley Ely, Daniel P Sulmasy, Jan Bakker, John Raphael, Angelo E Volandes, Bhavesh M Patel, Kate Payne, Annmarie Hosie, Larry Churchill, Douglas B White, James Downar
OBJECTIVE: Many patients are admitted to the ICU at or near the end of their lives. Consequently, the increasingly common debate regarding physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia holds implications for the practice of critical care medicine. The objective of this article is to explore core ethical issues related to physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia from the perspective of healthcare professionals and ethicists on both sides of the debate. SYNTHESIS: We identified four issues highlighting the key areas of ethical tension central to evaluating physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia in medical practice: 1) the benefit or harm of death itself, 2) the relationship between physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia and withholding or withdrawing life support, 3) the morality of a physician deliberately causing death, and 4) the management of conscientious objection related to physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia in the critical care setting...
February 2017: Critical Care Medicine
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