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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801443/the-provision-of-medical-assistance-in-dying-protocol-for-a-scoping-review
#1
Simon J W Oczkowski, Ian Ball, Carol Saleh, Gaelen Kalles, Anatoli Chkaroubo, Mike Kekewich, Paul Miller, Marianne Dees, Andrea Frolic
INTRODUCTION: Medical assistance in dying (MAID), a term encompassing both euthanasia and assisted suicide, was decriminalised in Canada in 2015. Although Bill C-14 legislated eligibility criteria under which patients could receive MAID, it did not provide guidance regarding the technical aspects of providing an assisted death. Therefore, we propose a scoping review to map the characteristics of the existing medical literature describing the medications, settings, participants and outcomes of MAID, in order to identify knowledge gaps and areas for future research...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801317/responses-to-assisted-suicide-requests-an-interview-study-with-swiss-palliative-care-physicians
#2
Claudia Gamondi, Gian Domenico Borasio, Pam Oliver, Nancy Preston, Sheila Payne
OBJECTIVES: Assisted suicide in Switzerland is mainly performed by right-to-die societies. Medical involvement is limited to the prescription of the drug and certification of eligibility. Palliative care has traditionally been perceived as generally opposed to assisted suicide, but little is known about palliative care physicians' involvement in assisted suicide practices. This paper aims to describe their perspectives and involvement in assisted suicide practices. METHODS: A qualitative interview study was conducted with 23 palliative care physicians across Switzerland...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749056/on-legalizing-physician-assisted-death-for-dementia
#3
Rebecca Dresser
Last November, soon after Colorado became the latest state to authorize physician-assisted suicide, National Public Radio's The Diane Rehm Show devoted a segment to legalization of "physician assistance in dying," a label that refers to both physician-assisted suicide and voluntary active euthanasia. Although the segment initially focused on PAD in the context of terminal illness in general, it wasn't long before PAD's potential application to dementia patients came up. A caller said that her mother had Alzheimer's disease and was being cared for at great expense...
July 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716621/healthcare-professionals-attitudes-about-physician-assisted-death-an-analysis-of-their-justifications-and-the-roles-of-terminology-and-patient-competency
#4
Derek W Braverman, Brian S Marcus, Paul G Wakim, Mark R Mercurio, Gary S Kopf
CONTEXT: Healthcare professionals (HCPs) are crucial to physician-assisted death (PAD) provision. OBJECTIVES: To quantitatively assess the favorability of justifications for or against PAD legalization among HCPs, the effect of the terms "suicide" and "euthanasia" on their views, and their support for three forms of PAD. METHODS: Our questionnaire presented three cases: physician-assisted suicide, euthanasia for a competent patient, and euthanasia for an incompetent patient with an advance directive for euthanasia...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698703/why-are-suicide-rates-climbing-after-years-of-decline
#5
Nancy Valko
There is evidence that the increasing rates of suicide can be linked to the legalization of physician-assisted suicide. Factors such as suicide contagion and the increasing positive media reporting on such suicides are also relevant and have led to different standards of treatment for suicidal people who claim the right to have their suicides medically assisted.
May 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648132/conscientious-objection-a-way-out-for-assisted-suicide-or-a-non-starter
#6
Derek Willis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2, 2017: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629916/a-medical-student-perspective-on-physician-assisted-suicide
#7
John Y Rhee, Katharine A Callaghan, Philip Allen, Amanda Stahl, Martin T Brown, Alexandra Tsoi, Grace McInerney, Ana-Maria G Dumitru
Physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia (PAS/E) has been increasingly discussed and debated in the public arena, including in professional medical organizations. However, the medical student perspective on the debate has essentially been absent. We present a medical student perspective on the PAS/E debate as future doctors and those about to enter the profession. We argue that PAS/E is not in line with the core principles of medicine and that the focus should be rather on providing high-quality end-of-life and palliative care...
June 16, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598715/responding-to-a-suicide-death-the-role-of-first-responders
#8
Kenneth Norton
Effective response by first responders in the immediate aftermath of a suicide death can play a critical role in reducing risk and promoting healing for family, friends, and the larger community by helping people who are newly bereaved to cope with the immediate crisis, created by the death. They also can lay the foundation for the difficult journey of mourning and healing that must follow. Stressing the importance of a comprehensive and coordinated community response to suicide, this article addresses the principles and practices that are called for in the Guidelines by highlighting four distinct first responder communities: law enforcement and emergency medical services; medical examiners; funeral professionals; and clergy and faith leaders...
June 9, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542233/is-survival-improved-by-the-use-of-niv-and-peg-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-als-a-post-mortem-study-of-80-als-patients
#9
Christian Burkhardt, Christoph Neuwirth, Andreas Sommacal, Peter M Andersen, Markus Weber
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) and percutaneous gastrostomy (PEG) are guideline-recommended interventions for symptom management in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Their effect on survival is controversial and the impact on causes of death is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of NIV and PEG on survival and causes of death in ALS patients. METHODS: Eighty deceased ALS patients underwent a complete post mortem analysis for causes of death between 2003 and 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532236/evaluating-the-american-nurses-association-s-arguments-against-nurse-participation-in-assisted-suicide
#10
Eric Vogelstein
This discussion paper critically assesses the American Nurses Association's stated arguments against nurse participation in assisted suicide, as found in its current (2013) position statement. Seven distinct arguments can be gleaned from the American Nurses Association's statement, based on (1) the American Nurses Association's Code of Ethics with Interpretive Statements and its injunction against nurses acting with the sole intent to end life, (2) the risks of abuse and misuse of assisted suicide, (3) nursing's social contract or covenant with society, (4) the contention that nurses must not harm their patients, (5) the sanctity of life, (6) the traditions of nursing, and (7) the fundamental goals of nursing...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509753/physician-assisted-suicide-and-euthanasia-is-incompatible-with-medicine-a-response-from-medical-students
#11
John Y Rhee, Katharine A Callaghan, Amanda Stahl, Martin T Brown, Philip Allen, Grace McInerney, Ana-Maria G Dumitru
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492114/assisted-suicide-and-assisted-voluntary-euthanasia-stransham-ford-high-court-case-overruled-by-the-appeal-court-but-the-door-is-left-open
#12
David J McQuoid-Mason
Whether persons wishing to have doctor-assisted suicide or voluntary active euthanasia may make a court application based on their rights in the Constitution has not been answered by the Appeal Court. Therefore, if Parliament does not intervene beforehand, such applications can be made - provided the applicants have legal standing, full arguments are presented regarding local and foreign law, and the application evidence is comprehensive and accurate. The Appeal Court indicated that the question should be answered by Parliament because 'issues engaging profound moral questions beyond the remit of judges to determine, should be decided by the representatives of the people of the country as a whole'...
April 25, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486577/considerations-on-requests-for-euthanasia-or-assisted-suicide-a-qualitative-study-with-dutch-general-practitioners
#13
Katja Ten Cate, Donald G van Tol, Suzanne van de Vathorst
Background.: In the Netherlands, euthanasia or assisted suicide (EAS) is neither a right of the patient nor a duty of the physician. Beside the legal requirements, physicians can weigh their own considerations when they decide on a request for EAS. Objective.: We aim at a better understanding of the considerations that play a role when physicians decide on a request for EAS. Methods.: This was a qualitative study. We analysed 33 interviews held with general practitioners (GPs) from various regions in the Netherlands...
May 9, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462742/suicide-and-assisted-dying-in-dementia-what-we-know-and-what-we-need-to-know-a-narrative-literature-review
#14
J Diehl-Schmid, R Jox, S Gauthier, S Belleville, E Racine, C Schüle, G Turecki, S Richard-Devantoy
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based data on prevalence and risk factors of suicidal intentions and behavior in dementia are as scarce as the data on assisted dying. The present literature review aimed on summarizing the current knowledge and provides a critical discussion of the results. METHODS: A systematic narrative literature review was performed using Medline, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, PSYNDEX, PSYCINFO, Sowiport, and Social Sciences Citation Index literature. RESULTS: Dementia as a whole does not appear to be a risk factor for suicide completion...
August 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451551/an-ethical-review-of-euthanasia-and-physician-assisted-suicide
#15
Božidar Banović, Veljko Turanjanin, Anđela Miloradović
BACKGROUND: In the majority of countries, active direct euthanasia is a forbidden way of the deprivation of the patients' life, while its passive form is commonly accepted. This distinction between active and passive euthanasia has no justification, viewed through the prism of morality and ethics. Therefore, we focused on attention on the moral and ethical implications of the aforementioned medical procedures. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Clinical Hospital Center in Kragujevac, collected during the first half of the 2015...
February 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446107/euthanasia-and-physician-assisted-suicide-focus-on-the-data
#16
Ezekiel Emanuel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350148/-assisted-suicide-euthanasia-a-thorn-in-the-eye-of-the-apa
#17
EDITORIAL
C Baeken
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343206/-euthanasia-an-attempt-to-organize-issue
#18
REVIEW
Tomasz Kirmes, Mateusz Wilk, Czesław Chowaniec
This article is an attempt to complete and holistically discuss problem of euthanasia, especially its ethical and legal aspects, comparing to Polish law. The subject of euthanasia arouse interest of the society because it touches one of the most important aspects of life, which is the death. Even bigger emotions are aroused amongst physicians. They are forced to put on the line the life as biggest value on the one side and autonomy of human being on the other. It also touches the empathy for suffering. The euthanasia was divided into three forms: active euthanasia, passive euthanasia and assisted suicide...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282677/-physician-assisted-suicide-survey-on-%C3%A2-217-stgb-in-germany
#19
Julia Zenz, Ruth Rissing-van Saan, Michael Zenz
Background In late 2015, Germany passed a law (§ 217 StGB) prohibiting persons from aiding others in committing suicide on a regular, repetitive basis. Despite intensive societal debate and surveys about assisted dying, the present study was the first to examine attitudes towards the new legal regulation among professionals. Methods In early 2016, all participants of a congress on palliative care received a one-page anonymous questionnaire to complete until the end of the conference. The questionnaire consisted of questions regarding assisted suicide and the new law...
March 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235885/attitudes-towards-end-of-life-decisions-in-case-of-long-term-care-dependency-a-survey-among-the-older-population-in-austria
#20
Erwin Stolz, Hannes Mayerl, Anja Waxenegger, Éva Rásky, Wolfgang Freidl
BACKGROUND: Research on attitudes towards end-of-life decisions (ELDs) contextually most often refers to the very end of life, that is, to situations of terminally ill patients or severe pain, but it is rarely applied to the broader context of long-term care dependency in old age. METHODS: In a representative survey among older Austrians (50+, n=968), respondents were asked about their approval of assisted suicide and euthanasia (EUT) when requested by an older, severely care-dependent person...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
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