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"assisted suicide"

F J Erbguth, L Erbguth
End-of-life decisions in neurology have repeatedly given occasion for controversies. Often these are based on lack of knowledge of the juridical and ethical framework conditions. This review describes the juridical-ethical basis for the implementation and continuation, and for withholding and withdrawal of life-sustaining measures, in particular, the significance of medical indication and patient's will. The different forms of assisted dying ("Sterbehilfe"), namely homicide by request, assisted suicide, palliative symptom relief and treatment withdrawal are characterized...
September 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Máté Julesz
INTRODUCTION: Both active euthanasia and assisted suicide are legal in The Netherlands, Belgium, Luxemburg and, most recently, in Canada. AIM: Examination of national legislations of countries where both active euthanasia and assisted suicide are legal. The number of accomplished active euthanasia cases and that of assisted suicide cases. METHOD: Analysis of national statistical data. Comparison of statistical data before and after 2010. Comparison of the related practices in the surveyed countries...
October 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
Nitin K Sethi, Prahlad K Sethi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Jukka Varelius
The view that voluntary active euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide should be made available for terminal patients only is typically warranted by reference to the risks that the procedures are seen to involve. Though they would appear to involve similar risks, the commonly endorsed end-of-life practices referred to as passive euthanasia are available also for non-terminal patients. In this article, I assess whether there is good reason to believe that the risks in question would be bigger in the case of voluntary active euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide than in that of passive euthanasia...
September 15, 2016: Bioethics
Samuel N Doernberg, John R Peteet, Scott Y H Kim
BACKGROUND: Euthanasia or physician-assisted suicide (EAS) of psychiatric patients is legal in some countries but remains controversial. OBJECTIVE: This study examined a frequently raised concern about the practice: how physicians address the issue of decision-making capacity of persons requesting psychiatric EAS. METHODS: A review of psychiatric EAS case summaries published by the Dutch Regional Euthanasia Review Committees. Directed content analysis using a capacity-specific 4 abilities model (understanding of facts, applying those facts to self, weighing/reasoning, and evidencing choice) was used to code texts discussing capacity...
June 29, 2016: Psychosomatics
Gert Helgesson, Niels Lynøe, Niklas Juth
Slippery-slope arguments typically question a course of action by estimating that it will end in misery once the first unfortunate step is taken. Previous studies indicate that estimations of the long-term consequences of certain debated actions, such as legalizing physician-assisted suicide, may be strongly influenced by tacit personal values. In this paper, we suggest that to the extent that slippery-slope arguments rest on estimations of future events, they may be mere rationalizations of personal values...
August 31, 2016: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
Marianne C Snijdewind, Donald G van Tol, Bregje D Onwuteaka-Philipsen, Dick L Willems
BACKGROUND: Since the enactment of the euthanasia law in the Netherlands, there has been a lively public debate on assisted dying that may influence the way patients talk about euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide (EAS) with their physicians and the way physicians experience the practice of EAS. AIM: To show what developments physicians see in practice and how they perceive the influence of the public debate on the practice of EAS. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of in-depth interviews with 28 Dutch physicians who had experience with a complex case of EAS...
August 5, 2016: Journal of Medical Ethics
Jennifer Hirsch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Social Work in End-of-life & Palliative Care
Jonathan Katz, Hiroshi Mitsumoto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2016: Neurology
Antonio Bascuñán R
This paper reviews the sentences dictated between 1993 and 2002 by the Supreme Courts of Canada and the Unites States, the House of Lords and Supreme Court of the United Kingdom and the European Human Rights Court, about the validity of the legal prohibition of assistance for suicide. These sentences constituted a judicial consensus about the right to die. This consensus recognized the legal right of patients to reject medical treatments but did not recognize the right to be assisted by a physician to commit suicide...
April 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
Ezekiel J Emanuel, Bregje D Onwuteaka-Philipsen, John W Urwin, Joachim Cohen
IMPORTANCE: The increasing legalization of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide worldwide makes it important to understand related attitudes and practices. OBJECTIVE: To review the legal status of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide and the available data on attitudes and practices. EVIDENCE REVIEW: Polling data and published surveys of the public and physicians, official state and country databases, interview studies with physicians, and death certificate studies (the Netherlands and Belgium) were reviewed for the period 1947 to 2016...
July 5, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
John N Frank
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2016: Medical Economics
U Lewitzka, R Bauer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 29, 2016: Der Nervenarzt
Martin Buijsen
The Dutch Euthanasia Act seems to be set in stone. Since it took effect in 2002, it has not seen any significant amendments. Recent developments, however, indicate that a major component of the act-the review procedure-is due for revision. The review practice of the regional euthanasia review committees-responsible for applying and interpreting the law-now also extends to instances of euthanasia and assisted suicide for special categories of patients: psychiatric patients, patients with early-stage dementia, and patients whose suffering is derived from a combination of medical and existential causes...
July 2016: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
Owen Dyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Giovanni Maio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Andreas Posa
Since November 2015, businesslike assisted suicide is punishable in Germany. But who acts businesslike? The majority of the German population prefers to make own decisions about the circumstances of their arriving death, and many of them would also accept (physician) assisted suicide if necessary. Only a minority of physicians plead for prohibiting assisted suicide in general. In the end everyone should be able to take position on his own. No one is obliged to use or execute assisted suicide.
June 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
E Stolz, É Rásky, W Freidl
Aim of the Study: Existing research on attitudes in the general population regarding end-of-life decisions has included neither old age long-term care dependency nor worries regarding age(ing). The aim of this study is to present first results from a recent survey on this topic. Methods: A nationally representative cross-sectional survey of the population aged 50+was conducted in Austria (n=968) in 2015. Results: 29.0% of the respondents indicated not wanting to live on as a severely care-dependent older person...
June 14, 2016: Das Gesundheitswesen
Barbara Kermode-Scott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Robert Zittoun
Continuous sedation until death (CSUD) is a practice which has developed recently in several countries, appearing more acceptable than euthanasia and medically assisted suicide, since more close to a "natural death". The French parliament has just adopted a law which stipulates CSUD on request of the patient in a definite number of circumstances, especially in incurable diseases near to the terminal stage with suffering refractory to treatments. Thus France has adopted a unique international position for the end-of-life care...
July 2016: La Presse Médicale
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