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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551058/-anesthesia-recovery-comparison-between-remifentanil-propofol-and-remifentanil-desflurane-guided-by-bispectral-index-%C3%A2-monitoring
#1
Raphael Grossi Rocha, Eduardo Giarola Almeida, Lara Moreira Mendes Carneiro, Natália Farias de Almeida, Walkíria Wingester Vilas Boas, Renato Santiago Gomez
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is a strong demand for fast and predictable anesthesia recovery with few side effects. Choice of the hypnotic agent could impact on that. This study investigated the differences between recoveries after remifentanil-propofol and remifentanil-desflurane anesthesias guided by bispectral index (BIS(®)). METHODS: Forty patients were randomly assigned into 2 groups according to the anesthesia technique applied: remifentanil-propofol (REM-PRO) and remifentanil-desflurane (REM-DES)...
May 25, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550946/reply-to-the-commentary-by-hillman-et-al-on-vascular-distensibilities-have-minor-effects-on-intracardiac-shunt-patterns-in-reptiles-by-filogonio-et-al-2017
#2
Renato Filogonio, Cléo Alcantara Costa Leite, Tobias Wang
Our meta-analysis (Filogonio et al., 2017) on central vascular blood flows in a snake (Crotalus durissus) and a turtle (Trachemys scripta) was motivated by Hillman et al.'s (2014) analysis on amphibians to investigate whether cardiac shunt patterns depend on cardiac output and vascular distensibilities. In contrast to Hillman et al. (2014), we did not uncover a general trend that supports the notion that cardiac shunts in reptiles are dictated by vascular distensibilities. In addition to our response to the criticism raised by Hillman et al...
May 17, 2017: Zoology: Analysis of Complex Systems, ZACS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550437/hyperoxaluria-in-a-model-of-mini-gastric-bypass-surgery-in-rats
#3
Milene S Ormanji, Fernando Korkes, Renata Meca, Crysthiane S R A Ishiy, Gustavo H C Finotti, Renato R N Ferraz, Ita P Heilberg
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is associated with hyperoxaluria hence predisposing to nephrolithiasis. The present study aimed to investigate the underlying mechanisms contributing to increased urinary oxalate in a mini-gastric bypass (MGB) surgery model in rats under different dietary conditions. The expression of intestinal oxalate transporters was also evaluated. METHODS: Male rats underwent MGB (n = 21) or Sham procedure (n = 21) and after recovery were fed a standard or high-fat diet with or without oxalate for 8 weeks...
May 26, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550347/correlation-between-different-scheimpflug-based-lens-densitometry-analysis-and-effective-phacoemulsification-time-in-mild-nuclear-cataracts
#4
Fernando Faria-Correia, Bernardo Lopes, Tiago Monteiro, Nuno Franqueira, Renato Ambrósio
PURPOSE: To assess the correlations between preoperative Scheimpflug-based lens densitometry and effective phacoemulsification time (EPT) in age-related nuclear cataracts. DESIGN: Retrospective consecutive study. METHODS: The setting was the Ophthalmology Department, Hospital de Braga, Portugal. The study population included 50 eyes (42 patients) with age-related nuclear cataracts submitted to uneventful phacoemulsification surgery. Different analysis methods of Scheimpflug-based lens densitometry were performed: Pentacam Nucleus Staging (PNS) score with an ordinal scale from 0 to 5 and three-dimensional (3D), linear and region of interest (ROI) methods, which are displayed on an absolute scale (from 0 to 100%)...
May 26, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546331/evaluation-of-dual-time-point-imaging-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-for-lymph-node-staging-in-vulvar-cancer
#5
Angela Collarino, Giorgia Garganese, Renato A Valdés Olmos, Antonella Stefanelli, Germano Perotti, Paoletta Mirk, Simona M Fragomeni, Francesco P Ieria, Giovanni Scambia, Alessandro Giordano, Vittoria Rufini
This study aimed to assess the value of dual time point (DTP) (18)F-FDG-PET/CT in the prediction of lymph node (LN) status in patients with invasive vulvar cancer (VC) scheduled for inguinofemoral lymph node dissection (IFLD). Methods: From April 2013 to July 2015, all consecutive patients with VC scheduled for IFLD were prospectively enrolled. All patients underwent a preoperative whole-body (18)F-FDG-PET/CT scan at 1-hour (standard exam) and an additional scan from T11 to the groins at 3-hour (delayed exam) after (18)F-FDG injection...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545563/additional-value-of-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-response-evaluation-in-axillary-nodes-during-neoadjuvant-therapy-for-triple-negative-and-her2-positive-breast-cancer
#6
Mette S van Ramshorst, Suzana C Teixeira, Bas B Koolen, Kenneth E Pengel, Kenneth G Gilhuijs, Jelle Wesseling, Sjoerd Rodenhuis, Renato A Valdés Olmos, Emiel J Rutgers, Wouter V Vogel, Gabe S Sonke, Marie-Jeanne T Vrancken Peeters
BACKGROUND: (18)F-FDG PET/CT can monitor metabolic activity in early breast cancer during neoadjuvant systemic therapy (NST), but it is unknown if the metabolic breast and axillary response differ. We evaluated the correlation between metabolic breast and axillary response at various time points during NST. Furthermore, we analysed if the combined metabolic response improves pathologic complete response (pCR) prediction compared to using the metabolic breast response alone. METHODS: (18)F-FDG PET/CT was performed at baseline (PET1), 2-3 weeks (PET2), and 6-8 weeks (PET3) of NST in patients with triple-negative (TN) and HER2-positive node-positive breast cancer...
May 25, 2017: Cancer Imaging: the Official Publication of the International Cancer Imaging Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545181/hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-comprehensive-review-of-biomarkers-clinical-aspects-and-therapy
#7
Nathalia Martines Tunissiolli, Márcia Maria Urbanin Castanhole-Nunes, Patrícia Matos Biselli-Chicote, Érika Cristina Pavarino, Renato Ferreira da Silva, Rita de Cássia Martins Alves da Silva, Eny Maria Goloni-Bertollo
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a cause of several deaths related to cancer worldwidely. In early stage, curative treatments such as surgical resection, liver transplant and local ablation can improve the patient ´s survival. However, the disease is detected in advanced stage; moreover some available therapies are restricted to palliative care and local treatment. Early detections of HCC and adequate therapy are crucial to increase survival as well as to improve the patient´s quality of life. Therefore, researchers have been investigating molecular biomarkers with high sensibility and reliability as Golgi 73 protein (GP73), Glypican-3 (GPC3), Osteopontin (OPN), microRNAs and others...
April 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544773/feasible-sampling-plan-for-bemisia-tabaci-control-decision-making-in-watermelon-fields
#8
Carlos H O Lima, Renato A Sarmento, Poliana S Pereira, Tarcísio V S Galdino, Fábio A Santos, Joedna Silva, Marcelo C Picanço
BACKGROUND: The silverleaf whitefly Bemisia tabaci is one of the most important pests of watermelon fields worldwide. Conventional sampling plans are the starting point for the generation of decision-making systems of integrated pest management programs. The aim of this study was to determine a conventional sampling plan for B. tabaci in watermelon fields. RESULTS: The optimal leaf for B. tabaci adult sampling was the 6(th) most apical leaf. Direct counting was the best pest sampling technique...
May 23, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542446/wheat-root-length-and-not-branching-is-altered-in-the-presence-of-neighbours-including-blackgrass
#9
Jessica A Finch, Gaëtan Guillaume, Stephanie A French, Renato D D R Colaço, Julia M Davies, Stéphanie M Swarbreck
The effect of neighbouring plants on crop root system architecture may directly interfere with water and nutrient acquisition, yet this important and interesting aspect of competition remains poorly understood. Here, the effect of the weed blackgrass (Alopecurus myosuroides Huds.) on wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) roots was tested, since a low density of this species (25 plants m-2) can lead to a 10% decrease in wheat yield and herbicide resistance is problematic. We used a simplified growth system based on gelled medium, to grow wheat alongside a neighbour, either another wheat plant, a blackgrass or Brachypodium dystachion individual (a model grass)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542040/failure-of-osseointegrated-dental-implant-after-alveolar-nerve-transposition-a-report-of-an-unusual-complication-and-surgical-management
#10
Renato da Costa Ribeiro, Anibal Henrique Barbosa Luna, Cássio Edvard Sverzut, Alexander Tadeu Sverzut
PURPOSE: To describe an unusual case of mandibular fracture after osseointegrated dental implant removal placed after inferior alveolar nerve transposition. REPORT OF CASE: The patient underwent inferior nerve transposition for implant placement due to lack of interarch space. Two months after metal-ceramic crowns installation, the patient began to complain of pain in the region of the implant. In an attempt to remove the implant, there was a fracture of the implant, and only two third of it was removed, leaving only the apical portion of the implant in the mandible...
May 24, 2017: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539340/evaluating-and-improving-vitek-ms%C3%A2-for-identification-of-clinically-relevant-species-of-trichosporon-and-the-close-related-genera-cutaneotrichosporon-and-apiotrichum
#11
João N de Almeida, Viviane M Favero Gimenes, Elaine C Francisco, Lumena P Machado Siqueira, Renato K Gonçalves de Almeida, Juliette Guitard, Christophe Hennequin, Arnaldo Lopes Colombo, Gil Benard, Flavia Rossi
Trichosporon species are relevant etiologic agents of hospital-acquired infections. High mortality rates are attributed to Trichosporon deep-seated infections in immunocompromised individuals, being fast and accurate species identification relevant for hasting the best-targeted therapy. Recently, Trichosporon taxonomy has been re-assessed and three genera have been proposed for the pathogenic species: Trichosporon, Cutaneotrichosporon and Apiotrichum Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) has replaced old phenotypic methods for microorganism's identification in clinical laboratories, but spectral profile databases have to be evaluated and improved for optimal species identification performance...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538793/-evaluability-of-the-health-gym-program-in-recife-pernambuco-state-brazil
#12
Rafaela Niels da Silva, Flávio Renato Barros da Guarda, Pedro Curi Hallal, Petrônio José de Lima Martelli
Implementation of the Health Gym Program is one of the key strategies in the Brazilian National Health Promotion Policy, but thus far no evaluability studies have been performed on this intervention in Recife, Pernambuco State, one of the first cities in the country to implement this intervention. This study aimed to measure the evaluability of the Health Gym Program in the city of Recife, based on the description of the intervention and the elaboration of its log frame model and theoretical models for evaluation, in addition to identifying evaluative questions...
May 18, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538497/centenarian-livers-very-long-term-outcomes-of-very-old-grafts
#13
Mauro Salizzoni, Antonio Amoroso, Francesco Lupo, Renato Romagnoli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 24, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538294/effects-of-different-combinations-of-strength-power-and-plyometric-training-on-the-physical-performance-of-elite-young-soccer-players
#14
Ronaldo Kobal, Irineu Loturco, Renato Barroso, Saulo Gil, Rogério Cuniyochi, Carlos Ugrinowitsch, Hamilton Roschel, Valmor Tricoli
Kobal, R, Loturco, I, Barroso, R, Gil, S, Cuniyochi, R, Ugrinowitsch, C, Roschel, H, and Tricoli, V. Effects of different combinations of strength, power, and plyometric training on the physical performance of elite young soccer players. J Strength Cond Res 31(6): 1468-1476, 2017-The combination of strength (ST) and plyometric training (PT) has been shown to be effective for improving sport-specific performance. However, there is no consensus about the most effective way to combine these methods in the same training session to produce greater improvements in neuromuscular performance of soccer players...
June 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538027/dermatoscopic-patterns-of-nonfacial-actinic-keratosis-characterization-of-pigmented-and-nonpigmented-lesions
#15
Clarissa P H Reinehr, Gabriela C Garbin, Renato M Bakos
BACKGROUND: Actinic keratoses (AKs) are dysplastic proliferations of keratinocytes. Studies evaluating nonfacial dermatoscopic pattern of AKs are scarce. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the dermatoscopic patterns of AKs located in nonfacial sites and to compare their patterns with facial lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with concomitant facial and nonfacial AKs were recruited to participate and evaluated by clinical and dermatoscopic images of their AKs...
May 22, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536922/head-shaking-tilt-suppression-a-clinical-test-to-discern-central-from-peripheral-causes-of-vertigo
#16
F C Zuma E Maia, Renato Cal, Ricardo D'Albora, Sergio Carmona, Michael C Schubert
Tilt suppression refers to both tilting the head away from an Earth vertical axis and a reduction of an induced horizontal nystagmus. This phenomenon of reducing an induced horizontal nystagmus involves a circuitry of neurons within the vestibular nuclei and the cerebellum (collectively referred to as velocity storage) and signals from the otolith end organs. Lesions involving this circuitry can disrupt tilt suppression of induced horizontal nystagmus. We investigated the clinical value of combining the horizontal head-shaking nystagmus test with tilt suppression in 28 patients with unilateral peripheral vestibular hypofunction and 11 patients with lesions affecting the central nervous system...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535893/falls-and-their-association-with-physical-tests-functional-capacity-clinical-and-demographic-factors-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#17
Mariana de Almeida Lourenço, Izabela Roma, Marcos Renato de Assis
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the occurrence of falls reported by rheumatoid arthritis patients and its relation to disease activity, functional capacity and physical fitness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study constituted by a sample of 97 rheumatoid arthritis patients from the city of Marília (SP) from 2012 to 2013, were assessed for disease activity. Instruments validated for Brazilian population in order to evaluate physical and functional capacity were used...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533671/consequences-of-metabolic-syndrome-on-postoperative-outcomes-after-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#18
Alban Zarzavadjian Le Bian, David Fuks, Sophie Chopinet, Sébastien Gaujoux, Manuela Cesaretti, Renato Costi, Ajay P Belgaumkar, Claude Smadja, Brice Gayet
AIM: To analyze immediate postoperative outcomes after pancreaticoduodenectomy regarding metabolic syndrome. METHODS: In two academic centers, postoperative outcomes of patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy from 2002 to 2014 were prospectively recorded. Patients presenting with metabolic syndrome [defined as at least three criteria among overweight (BMI ≥ 28 kg/m²), diabetes mellitus, arterial hypertension and dyslipidemia] were compared to patients without metabolic syndrome...
May 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532195/vertical-mother-to-child-hiv-transmission-in-babies-born-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-southern-brazil
#19
Manoela Muller Barbieri, Renate von Linsingen, Renato Luiz Sbalqueiro, Edson Gomes Tristão
PURPOSE: Programs for the elimination of mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are essentially focused on prevention actions that occur during prenatal care. This study aimed to evaluate the mother-to-child vertical transmission (MCVT) rate, and identify its possible causes, in a sample of pregnant women with HIV. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective and descriptive study. The sample was composed of HIV-positive pregnant women who delivered a live infant in the maternity ward at the hospital of the Federal University of Parana in Brazil, between January 2007 and December 2012...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532078/enhancement-of-fibroblast-growing-on-the-mannosylated-surface-of-cellulose-membranes
#20
Simone Birkheur, Paula Cristina de Sousa Faria-Tischer, Cesar A Tischer, Elisângela Flávia Pimentel, Marcio Fronza, Denise Coutinho Endringer, Anna Paola Butera, Renato Márcio Ribeiro-Viana
Bacterial cellulose membrane is a biomaterial with high value in the biomedical field. Many groups have been making efforts to promote chemical modifications of its structure and, consequently, add new characteristics. Recently, our group has developed a methodology to insert monoester succinic acid in bacterial cellulose membrane without disrupting the microfibril network and bind a protein on it. Considering the role of carbohydrates in the molecular recognition process in biological events, we continued these studies by inserting covalently multiples copies of aryl monosaccharide to bacterial cellulose succinylated and to study the in vitro tissue compatibility using fibroblasts...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
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