keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Xerostomia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924756/xerostomia-thirst-sodium-gradient-and-inter-dialytic-weight-gain-in-hemodialysis-diabetic-vs-non-diabetic-patients
#1
A Bruzda-Zwiech, J Szczepańska, R Zwiech
BACKGROUND: In hemodialysis (HD) patients, xerostomia and hyposalivation may intensify sensations of thirst, and contribute to the intake of fluids and excessive inter-dialytic weight gain (IWG). Since IWG is regarded to be higher in diabetic patients than in non-diabetics HD enhancing their mortality, it is crucial to define plausible underlying causes. Therefore, the study investigates factors contributing to the increased IWG in diabetic HD patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 97 HD patients (38 diabetics) receiving hemodialysis...
June 20, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924754/oral-lesions-in-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#2
J Serrano, R-M López-Pintor, J González-Serrano, M Fernández-Castro, E Casañas, G Hernández
BACKGROUND: Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is an autoimmune disease related to two common symptoms: dry mouth and eyes. Although, xerostomia and hyposialia have been frequently reported in these patients, not many studies have evaluated other oral manifestations. The aim of this systematic review was to investigate prevalence rates of oral lesions (OL) in SS patients and to compare it to a control group (CG), when available. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An exhaustive search of the published literature of the Pubmed, Scopus, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library databases was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Protocols (PRISMA-P) for relevant studies that met our eligibility criteria (up to September 1st 2017)...
June 20, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917294/saliva-on-the-oral-mucosa-and-whole-saliva-in-women-diagnosed-with-burning-mouth-syndrome
#3
S Acharya, C Hägglin, M Jontell, B Wenneberg, J Ekström, A Carlén
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to examine mucosal saliva and unstimulated (UWS) and stimulated (SWS) whole saliva secretion rates and associated factors, in 56 female patients diagnosed with BMS and age-matched control women. MATERIAL & METHODS: Mucosal saliva was assessed using the Periotron® method and blood flow using Laser Doppler Flowmetry. Diseases, drug usage, and xerostomia were registered using questionnaires. RESULTS: The BMS patients displayed less lingual and whole saliva, and more hyposalivation, xerostomia, diseases/disorders and drug usage, compared to the controls...
June 19, 2018: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913945/prevention-and-treatment-of-trismus-in-head-and-neck-cancer-a-case-report-and-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#4
Piotr Wranicz, Bente Brokstad Herlofson, Jan F Evensen, Ulf E Kongsgaard
Introduction Trismus, or limited mouth opening, is a well-known complication of head and neck cancer and its treatment. It may be caused by tumour infiltration into the masticatory muscles or by treatment like surgery and radiotherapy. A limited mouth opening may have a negative effect on nutrition, phonation, dental hygiene and treatment, and quality of life. The severity of this complication depends on the location of the tumour, the type of reconstruction, the total radiation dose, fractionation, and treatment techniques...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913094/defective-nacl-reabsorption-in-salivary-glands-of-eda-null-x-lhed-mice
#5
T Mukaibo, T Munemasa, C Masaki, C Y Cui, J E Melvin
Mutations in the ectodysplasin A gene ( EDA) cause X-LHED (X-linked hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia), the most common human form of ectodermal dysplasia. Defective EDA signaling is linked to hypoplastic development of epithelial tissues, resulting in hypotrichosis, hypodontia, hypohidrosis, and xerostomia. The primary objective of the present study was to better understand the salivary gland dysfunction associated with ectodermal dysplasia using the analogous murine disorder. The salivary flow rate and ion composition of the 3 major salivary glands were determined in adult Eda-deficient Tabby hemizygous male (Ta/Y) and heterozygous female (Ta/X) mice...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909895/magnitude-of-benefit-for-adjuvant-radiotherapy-following-minimally-invasive-surgery-in-intermediate-to-high-risk-hpv-positive-oropharyngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#6
Dario Pasalic, Ryan K Funk, Joaquín J García, Daniel L Price, Katharine A Price, William S Harmsen, Samir H Patel, Geoffrey D Young, Robert L Foote, Eric J Moore, Daniel J Ma
OBJECTIVE: To determine the outcomes and toxicities of minimally-invasive surgery with adjuvant intensity-modulated radiotherapy +/- chemotherapy (AT) compared to definitive surgical therapy (ST) in a contemporary cohort of HPV-positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC). METHODS: From 2005 to 2013, a consecutive cohort of 190 HPV-positive OPSCC patients was retrospectively reviewed from multi-institutional databases maintained by the Departments of Otorhinolaryngology and Radiation Oncology...
July 2018: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904095/an-ex-vivo-salivary-lubrication-system-to-mimic-xerostomic-conditions-and-to-predict-the-lubricating-properties-of-xerostomia-relieving-agents
#7
Jeroen Vinke, Hans J Kaper, Arjan Vissink, Prashant K Sharma
Advances in medical research has resulted in successful treatment of many life-threatening infectious diseases as well as autoimmune and lifestyle-related diseases, increasing life-expectancy of both the developed and developing world. As a result of a growing ageing population, the focus has also turned on chronic diseases which seriously affect the quality of older patient life. Xerostomia (dry mouth) is one such condition, which leads to bad oral health and difficulty in consumption of dry foods and speech...
June 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901009/a-case-of-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-presenting-as-mass-like-encephalitis-with-progression-to-neuromyelitis-optica-spectrum-disorder
#8
Hyun-Jung Lee, Sung Hae Chang, Eun Ha Kang, Yun Jong Lee, Yeong Wook Song, You-Jung Ha
Neuromyelitis optica is an idiopathic inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS) that predominantly affects the optic nerves and spinal cord. With the discovery of the pathogenic anti-aquaporin-4 (AQP4) antibody, the disease was recognized as part of a spectrum of autoimmune diseases that target AQP4, collectively referred to as neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD). NMOSD consists of conditions that affect various parts of the CNS with the AQP4 antibody. In this article, we report a 43-year-old female patient who was initially diagnosed with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) with CNS involvement, but was later diagnosed with overlapping pSS and NMOSD, which required more intensive treatment...
December 2017: Archives of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897817/persistent-disruption-of-lateral-junctional-complexes-and-actin-cytoskeleton-in-parotid-salivary-glands-following-radiation-treatment
#9
Wen Yu Wong, Maricela Pier, Kirsten H Limesand
Xerostomia and hyposalivation are debilitating side effects for patients treated with ionizing radiation for head and neck cancer. Despite technological advances, collateral damage to the salivary glands remains a significant problem for patients and severely diminishes their quality of life. During the wound healing process, restoration of junctional contacts is necessary to maintain polarity, structural integrity, and orientation cues for secretion. However, little is known about whether these structural molecules are impacted following radiation damage and more importantly during tissue restoration...
June 13, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895020/locoregional-control-and-toxicity-in-head-and-neck-carcinoma-patients-following-helical-tomotherapy-delivered-intensity-modulated-radiation-therapy-compared-with-3d-crt-data
#10
REVIEW
Olalla Santa Cruz, Pelagia Tsoutsou, Cyril Castella, Kaouthar Khanfir, Sandro Anchisi, Salim Bouayed, Oscar Matzinger, Mahmut Ozsahin
OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility and efficacy of intensity-modulated radiation implemented with helical tomotherapy image-guided with daily megavoltage computed tomography for head and neck cancer. METHODS: Between May 2010 and May 2013, 72 patients were treated with curative intent. The median age was 64 years, with 57% undergoing definitive and 43% postoperative radiotherapy. Primary tumour sites were oral cavity (21%), oropharynx (26%), hypopharynx (20%), larynx (22%), and others (11%)...
June 12, 2018: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891201/early-prediction-of-acute-xerostomia-during-radiation-therapy-for-head-and-neck-cancer-based-on-texture-analysis-of-daily-ct
#11
Hui Wu, Xiaojian Chen, Xin Yang, Yalan Tao, Yunfei Xia, Xiaowu Deng, Cheng Zheng, Jared Robbins, Christopher Schultz, X Allen Li
PURPOSE: To investigate radiation-induced changes of computed tomography (CT) textures in parotid glands (PG) to predict acute xerostomia during radiotherapy (RT) for head and neck cancer (HNC). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Daily or fraction kilovoltage CTs acquired using diagnostic CT scanners (eg, in-room CTs) during intensity-modulated RT for 59 HNC patients at 3 institutions were analyzed. The PG contours were generated on selected daily/fraction CTs. A series of histogram-based texture features, including the mean CT number (MCTN) in Hounsfield units, volume, standard deviation, skewness, kurtosis, and entropy for PGs were calculated for each fraction...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882353/influence-of-dental-factors-on-oropharyngeal-dysphagia-among-recipients-of-long-term-care
#12
Cassiane Wigner Brochier, Fernando Neves Hugo, Rafaela Soares Rech, Alexandre Baumgarten, Juliana Balbinot Hilgert
OBJECTIVE: The study evaluated the association of the sociodemographic, behavioural variables and the oral conditions with the presence of oropharyngeal dysphagia in long-term care older persons. BACKGROUND: Due to the influence of ageing, swallowing may be altered both in people with natural teeth and in those who have dentures or tooth loss. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study evaluated 115 individuals older than 60 years, living in long-term care institutions of the State of Rio Grande do Sul in 2016...
June 7, 2018: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881381/current-insights-in-microbiome-shifts-in-sjogren-s-syndrome-and-possible-therapeutic-interventions
#13
REVIEW
Christina Tsigalou, Elisavet Stavropoulou, Eugenia Bezirtzoglou
Sjogren's syndrome (SS) is an autoimmune disease, among the most common ones, that targets mainly the exocrine glands as well as extra-glandular epithelial tissues. Their lymphocytic infiltration leads to manifestations from other organs (e.g., kidneys, lungs, liver, or thyroid), apart from sicca symptoms (xerostomia and keratoconjunctivitis). SS is more prevalent in women than in men (9:1). Moreover, p.SS patients are in increased risk to develop lymphoma. Certain autoantibodies (e.g., antibodies against ribonucleoprotein autoantigens Ro-SSA and La-SSB) are ultimate hallmarks for the disease...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29878444/salivary-secretion-in-health-and-disease
#14
REVIEW
Anne Marie Lynge Pedersen, Christiane E Sørensen, Gordon B Proctor, Guy H Carpenter, Jörgen Ekström
Saliva is a complex fluid produced by three pairs of major salivary glands and by hundreds of minor salivary glands. It comprises a large variety of constituents and physicochemical properties, which are important for the maintenance of oral health. Saliva not only protects the teeth and the oropharyngeal mucosa, it also facilitates articulation of speech, and is imperative for mastication and swallowing. Furthermore, saliva plays an important role in maintaining a balanced microbiota. Thus, the multiple functions provided by saliva are essential for proper protection and functioning of the body as a whole and for the general health...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872341/associated-factors-for-oral-health-problems-in-a-sample-of-saudi-cancer-patients
#15
Nagarajkumar Yenugadhati, Alhanouf Naji Albalawi, Aisha Taha Qureshey, Eiman Taha Qureshey, Hamdan Al-Jahdali, Abdul Rahman Jazieh, Anwar E Ahmed
Purpose: Oral health in cancer patients was known to influence the quality of life. However, the knowledge of possible factors associated with oral health in cancer patients is seriously lacking in Saudi Arabia. In this study, we aimed to determine the burden of adverse oral health in cancer patients and identify the associated factors for oral health problems. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study design was used to recruit a total of 375 cancer patients who attended oncology outpatient clinics at King Abdulaziz Medical City - Riyadh (KAMC-R) by using a consecutive sampling technique...
2018: Cancer Management and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29871686/carotid-artery-infusion-via-implantable-catheters-for-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-tonsils
#16
Karl Reinhard Aigner, Sabine Gailhofer, Kornelia Aigner
BACKGROUND: Chemoradiotherapy has a dominant role in therapy for head and neck cancers. However, impressive results are often disturbed by adverse events such as dysphagia, xerostomia, and functional speech and hearing loss. To avoid exceeding toxicity limits in patients with primary and recurrent cancers of the tonsils, chemotherapy was administered intra-arterially via implantable Jet-Port-Allround catheters. METHODS: We report on patients with primary and recurrent cancers of the tonsils...
June 5, 2018: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870958/the-oral-health-of-long-term-psychiatric-inpatients-in-singapore
#17
Di Ying Joanna Ngo, W Murray Thomson, Mythily Subramaniam, Edimansyah Abdin, Kok-Yang Ang
This cross-sectional study aims to describe the dental caries experience, treatment needs, and experience of dry mouth of 191 long-term psychiatric inpatients in Singapore. Medical history, dental caries experience [represented by the Decayed Missing or Filled Teeth index (DMFT)], salivary flow, and treatment needs were recorded. Information on brushing, pain (when eating), and xerostomia was gathered. Bivariate analysis was used to examine the associations of DMFT, saliva flow, the presence of salivary gland hypofunction (SGH), and xerostomia...
May 22, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868164/oral-shedding-of-human-herpesviruses-in-patients-undergoing-radiotherapy-chemotherapy-for-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma-is-not-affected-by-xerostomia
#18
Michelle Palmieri, Mariana Ornaghi, Victor Adriano de Oliveira Martins, Luciana Correa, Thais Bianca Brandao, Ana Carolina do Prado Ribeiro, Laura Masami Sumita, Tania Regina Tozetto-Mendoza, Claudio Sergio Pannuti, Paulo Henrique Braz-Silva
Background : Xerostomia is a very relevant and frequent complication of radiotherapy, causing the irradiated oral mucosa to be affected by bacterial, fungal and viral infections. Objective : The objective of this study was to evaluate a possible relationship between oral shedding of human herpesviruses and xerostomia in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of head and neck submitted to radio/chemotherapy. Methods : In this study, oral rinse samples were collected weekly from 20 patients during radiotherapy...
2018: Journal of Oral Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864431/microvascular-submandibular-gland-transplantation-for-severe-keratoconjunctivitis-sicca-a-single-institution-experience-of-56-cases
#19
Di-Kan Wang, Si-En Zhang, Yu-Xiong Su, Guang-Sen Zheng, Wei-Fa Yang, Gui-Qing Liao
PURPOSE: Keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS) is a relatively common disease that results in discomfort, tear film instability, visual impairment, and ocular surface damage. Artificial tear substitutes may be suitable for the treatment of mild KCS, but no effective treatment currently exists for severe KCS. Therefore, this study evaluated the effectiveness of autologous microvascular submandibular gland transplantation in the treatment of severe KCS. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 61 eyes (56 patients) with severe KCS were treated with autologous submandibular gland transplantation from June 2002 to June 2017...
June 2, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29849976/a-successful-approach-to-conrol-burning-mouth-syndrome-using-matricaria-recutita-and-cognitive-therapy
#20
Alessandra-Maria-Ceolin Milani, Carmen-Lúcia-Rodrigues Macedo, Mariana-De-Carlo Bello, Celso-Afonso Klein-Júnior, Rubem-Beraldo Dos Santos
The burning mouth syndrome (BMS) has no specific clinical and laboratory signs. Its etiology is yet to be elucidated, but it is considered to be affected by multifactorial, psychological, and local and systemic factors. This condition is considered of great morbidity, and the main complaint of patients maybe associated with xerostomia, thirst, and altered taste. The present study aims to report two cases of BMS and to evaluate the outcome of cognitive therapy (CT) plus phytotherapy in the control of BMS. The patients were female, Caucasian, and aged between 58 and 69 years...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
keyword
keyword
97792
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"