keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

FISH OIL DHA EPA

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781483/dose-dependent-effects-of-fish-oil-on-cardio-metabolic-biomarkers-in-healthy-middle-aged-and-elderly-chinese-people-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Jia Song, Manjiang Hu, Cheng Li, Bo Yang, Qing Ding, Chunhong Wang, Limei Mao
n-3PUFA consumption has been widely accepted as a nutritional strategy for the secondary prevention of cardiovascular events in patients at high risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), but little is known about the dose-response relationship between dietary n-3PUFA and serum biomarkers associated with cardiovascular health in the general population. The present study involved a 12-week double-blind, randomized controlled trial to explore the effects of fish oil with different doses (0.31, 0.62 and 1.24 g d-1 of EPA and DHA) on serum fatty acids and cardio-metabolic biomarkers including adiponectin, inflammatory markers, lipid profiles and fasting glucose in healthy middle-aged and elderly Chinese people...
May 21, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769200/long-chain-n-3-fatty-acids-attenuate-oncogenic-kras-driven-proliferation-by-altering-plasma-membrane-nanoscale-proteolipid-composition
#2
Natividad R Fuentes, Mohamed Mlih, Rola Barhoumi, Yang-Yi Fan, Paul Hardin, Trevor J Steele, Spencer Behmer, Ian A Prior, Jason Karpac, Robert S Chapkin
Ras signaling originates from transient nanoscale compartmentalized regions of the plasma membrane composed of specific proteins and lipids. The highly specific lipid composition of these nanodomains, termed nanoclusters, facilitates effector recruitment and therefore influences signal transduction. This suggests that Ras nanocluster proteolipid composition could represent a novel target for future chemoprevention interventions. There is evidence that consumption of fish oil containing long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 20:5Δ5,8,11,14,17) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6Δ4,7,10,13,16,19) may reduce colon cancer risk in humans, yet the mechanism underlying this effect is unknown...
May 16, 2018: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738112/high-fat-diet-dysregulates-hypothalamic-pituitary-axis-gene-expression-levels-which-are-differentially-rescued-by-epa-and-dha-ethyl-esters
#3
Saame Raza Shaikh, Patti R Shaver, Brian M Shewchuk
SCOPE: Dietary fat composition can modulate gene expression in peripheral tissues in obesity. Observations of the dysregulation of growth hormone (GH) in obesity indicate that these effects extend to the hypothalamic-pituitary (H-P) axis. We thus determined whether specific high fat (HF) diets influenced the levels of Gh and other key gene transcripts in the H-P axis. METHODS AND RESULTS: C57BL/6 mice were fed a lean control diet or a HF diet in the absence or presence of OA, EPA or DHA ethyl esters...
May 8, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725824/a-low-fat-spread-with-added-plant-sterols-and-fish-omega-3-fatty-acids-lowers-serum-triglyceride-and-ldl-cholesterol-concentrations-in-individuals-with-modest-hypercholesterolaemia-and-hypertriglyceridaemia
#4
Wendy A M Blom, Wieneke P Koppenol, Harry Hiemstra, Tatjana Stojakovic, Hubert Scharnagl, Elke A Trautwein
PURPOSE: The primary and secondary objectives were to investigate the triglyceride (TG) and LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) lowering effects of a spread with added plant sterols (PS) and fish oil as compared to a placebo spread. METHODS: This study had a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel group design with two intervention arms. Following a 2-week placebo run-in period, 260 healthy individuals with modestly elevated blood TG (≥ 1.4 mmol/L) and LDL-C (≥ 3...
May 3, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720078/genetic-effects-of-fatty-acid-composition-in-muscle-of-atlantic-salmon
#5
Siri S Horn, Bente Ruyter, Theo H E Meuwissen, Borghild Hillestad, Anna K Sonesson
BACKGROUND: The replacement of fish oil (FO) and fishmeal with plant ingredients in the diet of farmed Atlantic salmon has resulted in reduced levels of the health-promoting long-chain polyunsaturated omega-3 fatty acids (n-3 LC-PUFA) eicosapentaenoic (EPA; 20:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; 22:6n-3) in their filets. Previous studies showed the potential of selective breeding to increase n-3 LC-PUFA levels in salmon tissues, but knowledge on the genetic parameters for individual muscle fatty acids (FA) and their relationships with other traits is still lacking...
May 2, 2018: Genetics, Selection, Evolution: GSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710835/eicosahexanoic-acid-epa-and-docosahexanoic-acid-dha-in-muscle-damage-and-function
#6
REVIEW
Eisuke Ochi, Yosuke Tsuchiya
Nutritional supplementation not only helps in improving and maintaining performance in sports and exercise, but also contributes in reducing exercise fatigue and in recovery from exhaustion. Fish oil contains large amounts of omega-3 fatty acids, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; 20:5 n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; 22:6 n-3). It is widely known that omega-3 fatty acids are effective for improving cardiac function, depression, cognitive function, and blood as well as lowering blood pressure. In the relationship between omega-3 fatty acids and exercise performance, previous studies have been predicted improved endurance performance, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory responses, and effectivity against delayed-onset muscle soreness...
April 29, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710039/acrolein-as-a-major-volatile-in-the-early-stages-of-fish-oil-tag-oxidation
#7
Ako Shibata, Mariko Uemura, Masashi Hosokawa, Kazuo Miyashita
Fish oil rich in docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) is known to have an unpleasant smell, even at low oxidation levels. Therefore, it is highly important to know the major volatiles formed during the early stages of fish oil oxidation. Comparative study with solid-phase microextraction (SPME) and static headspace (SHS) methods showed that 2-propenal (acrolein) was formed as the major volatile from the beginning of fish oil triacylglycerol (TAG) oxidation. The effectiveness of SPME extraction on each volatile was different from each fiber...
2018: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687265/inadequate-daily-intakes-of-n-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-pufa-in-the-general-french-population-of-children-3-10-years-and-adolescents-11-17-years-the-inca2-survey
#8
Philippe Guesnet, Jessica Tressou, Benjamin Buaud, Noëmie Simon, Stéphane Pasteau
PURPOSE: This paper deals with the dietary daily intakes of main polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in French children and adolescents. METHODS: Dietary intakes of main PUFA were determined from a general French population of 1500 children (3-10 years) and adolescents (11-17 years) by using the most recent set of national robust data on food (National Survey INCA 2 performed in 2006 and 2007). RESULTS: Main results showed that mean daily intakes of total fat and n-6 PUFA linoleic acid (LA, 18:2n-6) were close to current recommended values for children and adolescent populations...
April 23, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673104/omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-supplementation-reduces-blood-pressure-but-not-renal-vasoconstrictor-response-to-orthostatic-stress-in-healthy-older-adults
#9
Christine M Clark, Kevin D Monahan, Rachel C Drew
Older adults exhibit augmented renal vasoconstriction during orthostatic stress compared to young adults. Consumption of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) found in fish oil (FO), modulates autonomic nerve activity. However, the effect of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid consumption on the renal vasoconstrictor response to orthostatic stress in young and older adults is unknown. Therefore, 10 young (25 ± 1 years; mean ± SEM) and 10 older (66 ± 2 years) healthy adults ingested 4 g FO daily for 12 weeks, and underwent graded lower body negative pressure (LBNP; -15 and -30 mmHg) pre- and post-FO supplementation...
April 2018: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670910/regiospecific-analysis-of-fatty-acids-and-calculation-of-triglyceride-molecular-species-in-marine-fish-oils
#10
Huijun Zhang, Yingbin Shen, Youwei Zhang, Lirong Li, Xingguo Wang
The regiospecific distribution of fatty acids (FAs) and composition of triglyceride (TAG) molecular species of fishes were analyzed and calculated by pancreatic lipase (PL) hydrolysis and Visual Basic (VB) program. DHA was preferentially located at sn-2 position in TAG molecule, whereas EPA was almost equally distributed in each position of glycerol backbone. DOP, DPP, EPP, PoPP, PPO, and PPP were the predominant TAG species. MPP in anchovy, DDP, DOP, DPP in tuna, and EOO and OOO in salmon were the characteristic TAG molecules, which were meaningful to differentiate marine fish oils...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580307/n-3-pufa-and-obesity-from-peripheral-tissues-to-the-central-nervous-system
#11
Aline Haas de Mello, Marcela Fornari Uberti, Bianca Xavier de Farias, Nathalia Alberti Ribas de Souza, Gislaine Tezza Rezin
The current paradigms of prevention and treatment are unable to curb obesity rates, which indicates the need to explore alternative therapeutic approaches. Obesity leads to several damages to the body and is an important risk factor for a number of other chronic diseases. Furthermore, despite the first alterations in obesity being observed and reported in peripheral tissues, studies indicate that obesity can also cause brain damage. Obesity leads to a chronic low-grade inflammatory state, and the therapeutic manipulation of inflammation can be explored...
March 27, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568239/effects-of-the-complete-replacement-of-fish-oil-with-linseed-oil-on-growth-fatty-acid-composition-and-protein-expression-in-the-chinese-mitten-crab-eriocheir-sinensis
#12
Banghong Wei, Zhigang Yang, Yongxu Cheng, Jianyi Wang, Junyu Zhou
Background: The finite marine resources make it difficult for us to obtain enough fish oil (FO) used in aquatic feeds. Another sustainable ingredients should be found to substitute FO. The effects of replacing FO with vegetable oil have been studied in a variety of crustaceans, but most studies have focused on the phenotypic effects. Little is known about the mechanisms of the effects. Methods: To understand the molecular responses during the replacement of FO in Eriocheir sinensis , we investigated the effects of feeding FO or linseed oil (LO) on growth performance, digestive enzyme activity, fatty acid composition and protein expression in E...
2018: Proteome Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542390/vitamin-e-and-fish-oil-separately-or-in-combination-on-treatment-of-primary-dysmenorrhea-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Narges Sadeghi, Farnoush Paknezhad, Mohamadreza Rashidi Nooshabadi, Maria Kavianpour, Sima Jafari Rad, Hossein Khadem Haghighian
Primary dysmenorrhea is one of the most common complaints of women. The aim of this study was to investigate the adjuvant effect of vitamin E and omega-3 fatty acids, separately or in combination, supplements on pain in the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea. This clinical trial conducted on students of university. Qualified girls completed the VAS before randomization. Arrangement was determined according to the severity of the pain (mild 0-3; moderate 3.1-6; severe 6.1-10). One hundred patients were randomly assigned to four groups receiving omega-3 (n = 25), vitamin E (n = 25), vitamin E- omega-3 (n = 25), or placebo (n = 25)...
March 15, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517182/influence-of-selected-dietary-components-on-the-functioning-of-the-human-nervous-system
#14
Agnieszka Wendołowicz, Ewa Stefańska, Lucyna Ostrowska
The diet is directly connected not only with the physical status but also with the functioning of the brain and the mental status. The potentially beneficial nutrients with a protective effect on the nervous system function include amino acids (tryptophan, phenylalanine, tyrosine, taurine), glucose and vitamins C, E, D and beta-carotene, B group vitamins (vitamin B12, vitamin B6, vitamin B4, vitamin B1) and minerals (selenium, zinc, magnesium, sodium, iron, copper, manganese, iodine). The presence of antioxidants in the diet protects against oxidative damage to nervous system cells...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514891/are-we-what-we-eat-changes-to-the-feed-fatty-acid-composition-of-farmed-salmon-and-its-effects-through-the-food-chain
#15
REVIEW
Nini H Sissener
'Are we what we eat?' Yes and no. Although dietary fat affects body fat, there are many modifying mechanisms. In Atlantic salmon, there is a high level of retention of the n-3 fatty acid (FA) docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3) relative to the dietary content, whereas saturated FAs never seem to increase above a specified level, which is probably an adaptation to low and fluctuating body temperature. Net production of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 20:5n-3) and especially DHA occurs in salmon when dietary levels are low; however, this synthesis is not sufficient to maintain EPA and DHA at similar tissue levels to those of a traditional fish oil-fed farmed salmon...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503805/comparing-epa-production-and-fatty-acid-profiles-of-three-phaeodactylum-tricornutum-strains-under-western-norwegian-climate-conditions
#16
Pia Steinrücken, Siv Kristin Prestegard, Jeroen Hendrik de Vree, Julia E Storesund, Bernadette Pree, Svein Are Mjøs, Svein Rune Erga
Microalgae could provide a sustainable alternative to fish oil as a source for the omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). However, growing microalgae on a large-scale is still more cost-intensive than fish oil production, and outdoor productivities vary greatly with reactor type, geographic location, climate conditions and microalgae species or even strains. The diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum has been intensively investigated for its potential in large-scale production, due to its robustness and comparatively high growth rates and EPA content...
March 2018: Algal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503145/statin-dose-reduction-with-complementary-diet-therapy-a-pilot-study-of-personalized-medicine
#17
Bianca Scolaro, Marina S Nogueira, Aline Paiva, Adriana Bertolami, Lucia P Barroso, Tomas Vaisar, Sean P Heffron, Edward A Fisher, Inar A Castro
OBJECTIVE: Statin intolerance, whether real or perceived, is a growing issue in clinical practice. Our aim was to evaluate the effects of reduced-dose statin therapy complemented with nutraceuticals. METHODS: First phase: Initially, 53 type 2 diabetic statin-treated patients received a supplementation with fish oil (1.7 g EPA + DHA/day), chocolate containing plant sterols (2.2 g/day), and green tea (two sachets/day) for 6 weeks. Second phase: "Good responders" to supplementation were identified after multivariate analysis (n = 10), and recruited for a pilot protocol of statin dose reduction...
May 2018: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494205/how-does-high-dha-fish-oil-affect-health-a-systematic-review-of-evidence
#18
Samaneh Ghasemi Fard, Fenglei Wang, Andrew J Sinclair, Glenn Elliott, Giovanni M Turchini
The health benefits of fish oil, and its omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid content, have attracted much scientific attention in the last four decades. Fish oils that contain higher amounts of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; 20:5n-3) than docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; 22:6n-3), in a distinctive ratio of 18/12, are typically the most abundantly available and are commonly studied. Although the two fatty acids have traditionally been considered together, as though they were one entity, different physiological effects of EPA and DHA have recently been reported...
March 1, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489457/is-fish-oil-supplementation-effective-on-maternal-serum-fbs-oral-glucose-tolerance-test-hemoglobin-and-hematocrit-in-low-risk-pregnant-women-a-triple-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Leila Vahedi, Alireza Ostadrahimi, Fatemeh Edalati-Fard, Hossein Aslani, Azizeh Farshbaf-Khalili
Background Fish oil contains polyunsaturated fatty acids including eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) which were considered as essential fatty acids. The purpose of present study was to evaluate the effects of fish oil supplementation on maternal serum fasting blood sugar (FBS), oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), hemoglobin (Hb), and hematocrit (Hct). Methods In this randomized triple-blind clinical trial, 150 pregnant women were allocated into two groups randomly. In the intervention group, women received one fish oil capsule daily (1,000 mg consisted of 120 mg DHA and 180 mg EPA), and control group received placebo from the end of twentieth week of pregnancy until delivery (140 capsules)...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458842/cognitive-response-to-fish-oil-blueberry-and-combined-supplementation-in-older-adults-with-subjective-cognitive-impairment
#20
Robert K McNamara, Wilhelmina Kalt, Marcelle D Shidler, Jane McDonald, Suzanne S Summer, Amanda L Stein, Amanda N Stover, Robert Krikorian
Given evidence that eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), and anthocyanin-rich blueberries provide neurocognitive benefit, we investigated long-term supplementation in older adults with cognitive complaints. In a 24-week randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, elderly men and women received daily fish oil (FO) or blueberry (BB) or both. Diet records confirmed that participants reduced background consumption of EPA, DHA, and anthocyanins as prescribed. Erythrocyte EPA + DHA composition increased in the FO groups (p = 0...
April 2018: Neurobiology of Aging
keyword
keyword
97789
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"