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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623282/a-nationwide-study-of-severe-and-protracted-diarrhoea-in-patients-with-primary-immunodeficiency-diseases
#1
Wen-I Lee, Chien-Chang Chen, Tang-Her Jaing, Liang-Shiou Ou, Chuen Hsueh, Jing-Long Huang
Diarrhoea lasting longer than 14 days and failing to respond to conventional management is defined as severe and protracted diarrhoea (SD). In this study, we investigated the prevalence, pathogens and prognosis of SD in primary immunodeficiency diseases (PIDs). Among 246 patients with predominantly paediatric-onset PIDs from 2003-2015, 21 [Btk (six), IL2RG (four), WASP, CD40L, gp91 (three each), gp47, RAG2 (one each)] and five [CVID (four), SCID (one)] without identified mutations had SD before prophylactic treatment...
June 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618171/highly-fluorinated-polymers-with-sulfonate-sulfamide-and-n-n-diethylamino-groups-for-the-capillary-electromigration-separation-of-proteins-and-steroid-hormones
#2
Dzema Daria, Kartsova Liudmila, Emelianov Gennady
Highly fluorinated polymers are promising materials in separation methods due to combination of high chemical and thermally stability, hydro- and oleophobicity and weak intermolecular forces. However, application of these polymers in chromatography is limited because of their low solubility in aqueous-organic solvents. In our research, the highly fluorinated water soluble polymers with -SO3(-) N(Et)4(+) , -SO2 NH2 and -N(Et)2 terminal groups were synthesized and applied as additives to the background electrolyte for the separation of steroid hormones and proteins by capillary electromigration methods...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586591/celiac-crisis-a-rare-or-rarely-recognized-disease
#3
Nadia Waheed, Huma Arshad Cheema, Hassan Suleman, Zafar Fayyaz, Iqra Mushtaq, Muhammad, Almas Hashmi
OBJECTIVE: Celiac crisis is a serious life threatening complication of celiac disease characterized by profuse diarrhoea, severe dehydration and metabolic disturbances leading to neuromuscular weakness, cardiac arrhythmias and sudden death. It has been described as rare condition and not well documented in the literature. To improve awareness and facilitate diagnosis of this condition, we studied risk factors, pattern of presentation and management plans of celiac crisis. METHODS: It was a descriptive cross sectional study...
October 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544484/neglected-issues-concerning-teaching-human-adrenal-steroidogenesis-in-popular-biochemistry-textbooks
#4
Zhiyong Han, Mark S Elliott
In the human body, the adrenal steroids collectively regulate a plethora of fundamental functions, including electrolyte and water balance, blood pressure, stress response, intermediary metabolism, inflammation, and immunity. Therefore, adrenal steroidogenesis is an important biochemistry topic for students to learn in order for them to understand health consequences caused by deficiencies of enzymes in the adrenal steroidogenic pathways. However, popular biochemistry textbooks contain insufficient information and may sometimes give students a misimpression about certain aspects of human adrenal steroidogenesis...
May 19, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538409/a-case-report-of-pedigree-of-a-homozygous-mutation-of-the-steroidogenic-acute-regulatory-protein-causing-lipoid-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia
#5
Rong Fu, Lin Lu, Jun Jiang, Min Nie, Xiaojing Wang, Zhaolin Lu
RATIONALE: Lipoid congenital adrenal hyperplasia (LCAH) is extremely rare, but is the most fatal form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia resulting from mutations in the steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (STAR) gene. LCAH arises from severe defects in the conversion of cholesterol to pregnenolone, the precursor of all steroids. PATIENT CONCERNS: A case was reported that an 11-month-old Chinese girl who presented with a sex development disorder and hyponatremia...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533421/30-years-of-the-mineralocorticoid-receptor-mineralocorticoid-receptor-activation-and-specificity-conferring-mechanisms-a-brief-history
#6
REVIEW
John Funder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458904/fluticasone-furoate-induced-iatrogenic-cushing-syndrome-in-a-pediatric-patient-receiving-anti-retroviral-therapy
#7
S A A van den Berg, N E van 't Veer, J M A Emmen, R H T van Beek
SUMMARY: We present a case of iatrogenic Cushing's syndrome, induced by treatment with fluticasone furoate (1-2 dd, 27.5 µg in each nostril) in a pediatric patient treated for congenital HIV. The pediatric patient described in this case report is a young girl of African descent, treated for congenital HIV with a combination therapy of Lopinavir/Ritonavir (1 dd 320/80 mg), Lamivudine (1 dd 160 mg) and Abacavir (1 dd 320 mg). Our pediatric patient presented with typical Cushingoid features (i...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458768/early-diagnosis-in-familial-glucocorticoid-deficiency
#8
Fatima Al Jneibi, Tawfiq Hen, Jaishen Rajah, Rajendran Nair
Familial glucocorticoid deficiency (FGD) is a rare autosomal recessive condition, characterized by marked atrophy of zona fasiculata and reticalaris with preservation of zona glomerulosa. Out of more than 50 published cases, 18 patients died as a result of glucocorticoid insufficiency. The main objective of this report is to emphasize the early diagnosis and treatment in our 17 month-old patient. Her presenting features following an upper respiratory tract infection were hypoglycemia, seizures as well as deep hyperpigmentation of the limbs and lips...
2017: Dermato-endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431202/pharmacological-interventions-for-acute-pancreatitis
#9
REVIEW
Elisabetta Moggia, Rahul Koti, Ajay P Belgaumkar, Federico Fazio, Stephen P Pereira, Brian R Davidson, Kurinchi Selvan Gurusamy
BACKGROUND: In people with acute pancreatitis, it is unclear what the role should be for medical treatment as an addition to supportive care such as fluid and electrolyte balance and organ support in people with organ failure. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of different pharmacological interventions in people with acute pancreatitis. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL, 2016, Issue 9), MEDLINE, Embase, Science Citation Index Expanded, and trial registers to October 2016 to identify randomised controlled trials (RCTs)...
April 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348113/30-years-of-the-mineralocorticoid-receptor-nongenomic-effects-via-the-mineralocorticoid-receptor
#10
REVIEW
Stefanie Ruhs, Alexander Nolze, Ralf Hübschmann, Claudia Grossmann
The mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) belongs to the steroid hormone receptor family and classically functions as a ligand-dependent transcription factor. It is involved in water-electrolyte homeostasis and blood pressure regulation but independent from these effects also furthers inflammation, fibrosis, hypertrophy and remodeling in cardiovascular tissues. Next to genomic effects, aldosterone elicits very rapid actions within minutes that do not require transcription or translation and that occur not only in classical MR epithelial target organs like kidney and colon but also in nonepithelial tissues like heart, vasculature and adipose tissue...
July 2017: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304112/evaluation-of-various-approaches-to-the-isolation-of-steroid-hormones-from-urine-samples-prior-to-fass-mekc-analysis
#11
Ilona Olędzka, Piotr Kowalski, Alina Plenis, Tomasz Bączek
The goal of this study was to assess various analytical approaches for the simultaneous and efficient extraction of steroid hormones (cortisone, cortisol, prednisolone, corticosterone, testosterone, 17α-methyltestosterone, epitestosterone, progesterone) from urine samples prior to separation based on field-amplified sample stacking-micellar electrokinetic chromatography (FASS-MEKC). FASS-MEKC successfully allowed the compounds to be separated within 12 min using a background electrolyte (BGE) comprised of 5 mM sodium tetraborate, 150 mM boric acid, 50 mM SDS and 15% methanol...
March 17, 2017: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253299/combinatorial-effects-of-quercetin-and-sex-steroids-on-fluid-and-electrolytes-na-cl-hco3-secretory-mechanisms-in-the-uterus-of-ovariectomised-female-sprague-dawley-rats
#12
Huma Shahzad, Nelli Giribabu, Kamarulzaman Karim, Normadiah M Kassim, Sekaran Muniandy, Naguib Salleh
Dysregulation of uterine fluid environment could impair successful reproduction and this could be due to the effect of environmental estrogens. Therefore, in this study, effect of quercetin, an environmental estrogen on uterine fluid and electrolytes concentrations were investigated under sex-steroid influence. Ovariectomised adult female Sprague-Dawley rats were given 10, 50 or 100mg/kg/day quercetin subcutaneously with 17-β estradiol (E) for seven days or three days E, then three days E plus progesterone (P) (E+P) treatment...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184376/seronegative-adult-autoimmune-enteropathy-in-a-male-traveler
#13
Patrick McCabe, Latifat Alli-Akintade, Jesse Stondell
Autoimmune enteropathy (AIE) is rare but damaging. The lack of consistent objective findings makes diagnosis a challenge. A 45-year-old male developed noninfectious diarrhea with significant weight loss and electrolyte abnormalities. Computed tomography delineated enteritis. Colonoscopy and esophagogastroduodenoscopy showed villous atrophy, chronic inflammation, and ulceration of the terminal ileum and cecum. Pathology showed cryptitis with apoptosis and abscesses throughout the small and large bowel and absent goblet cells...
2017: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089738/evaluation-of-the-diuretic-activity-of-the-aqueous-and-80-methanol-extracts-of-the-root-of-euclea-divinorum-hiern-ebenaceae-in-sprague-dawley-rats
#14
Beharu Woldemedhin, Teshome Nedi, Workineh Shibeshi, Mekonnen Sisay Shiferaw
BACKGROUND: Diuretics are drugs that increase the formation of urine and are important for the treatment of various diseases including hypertension and edema. The root decoction of Euclea divinorum has been used as a diuretic agent in the traditional medicine. Therefore, this study was aimed to evaluate the diuretic activity of the crude extracts of the roots of Euclea divinorum in Sprague Dawley rats. METHODS: The aqueous extract (AE) and 80% methanol extract (80ME) of the plant were prepared using decoction and maceration, respectively...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073136/-proton-pump-inhibitor-side-effects-and-complications-of%C3%A2-long-term-proton-pump-inhibitor-administration
#15
Hendrik Ueberschaer, Hans-Dieter Allescher
Proton Pump Inhibitors are among the most common drugs taken. The indication is for treatment of heartburn, reflux disease, prophylaxis and treatment of peptic ulcers, in combination with NSAIDs and steroids as well as H. pylori-eradication. PPI's are widely used, even with non-specific symptoms. This certainly has to do with good tolerability and a previously considered low side effect profile. At the moment, there is growing evidence that the long-term intake of PPI's may not be as safe as assumed. In addition to interactions with some drugs, including platelet aggregation inhibitors, recent studies have shown an increased risk of myocardial infarction, interstitial nephritis, chronic renal injury, infections, vitamin deficiencies and electrolyte shifts as well developing dementia...
January 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959876/degradation-of-gestodene-ges-17%C3%AE-ethinylestradiol-ee2-mixture-by-electrochemical-oxidation
#16
Hugo Alejandro Nájera-Aguilar, Rubén Fernando Gutiérrez-Hernández, Rocío González de Los Santos, Carlos García-Lara, Roger Méndez-Novelo, María Neftalí Rojas-Valencia
Evidence of the negative effects of several pharmaceutical molecules, such as hormones and steroids, on the environment can be observed throughout the world. This paper presents the results of the anodic oxidation of the mixture of gestodene steroid hormones and 17 α-ethinylestradiol present in aqueous medium. The tests were conducted in an undivided cell containing a working volume of 50 mL, using a Na2SO4 solution as support electrolyte and boron-doped diamond electrodes. The experiments were adjusted to the structure of a 3(3) factorial design...
December 2016: Journal of Water and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932336/heat-stress-hydration-and-uric-acid-a-cross-sectional-study-in-workers-of-three-occupations-in-a-hotspot-of-mesoamerican-nephropathy-in-nicaragua
#17
Catharina Wesseling, Aurora Aragón, Marvin González, Ilana Weiss, Jason Glaser, Christopher J Rivard, Carlos Roncal-Jiménez, Ricardo Correa-Rotter, Richard J Johnson
OBJECTIVES: To study Mesoamerican nephropathy (MeN) and its risk factors in three hot occupations. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Chinandega and León municipalities, a MeN hotspot on the Nicaraguan Pacific coast, January-February 2013. PARTICIPANTS: 194 male workers aged 17-39 years: 86 sugarcane cutters, 56 construction workers, 52 small-scale farmers. OUTCOME MEASURES: (1) Differences between the three occupational groups in prevalences/levels of socioeconomic, occupational, lifestyle and health risk factors for chronic kidney disease (CKD) and in biomarkers of kidney function and hydration; (2) differences in prevalences/levels of CKD risk factors between workers with reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFRCKD-EPI <80 mL/min/1...
December 8, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920706/ipilimumab-induced-enteritis-without-colitis-a-new-challenge
#18
Marcus Messmer, Sunita Upreti, Yaman Tarabishy, Nikhilesh Mazumder, Reezwana Chowdhury, Mark Yarchoan, Matthias Holdhoff
INTRODUCTION: Ipilimumab is an immune checkpoint inhibitor targeting cytotoxic T-lymphocyte associated antigen 4 (CTLA4), approved to treat metastatic melanoma. It was the first therapy shown to prolong survival in a large, randomized clinical trial. However, immune-related adverse events are common and can be severe. Enterocolitis is a common adverse event with ipilimumab, but enteritis without colitis has not been previously described. CASE REPORT: An 83-year-old man presented to our hospital with grade 3 diarrhea for 5 days...
September 2016: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897427/structure-based-drug-design-of-mineralocorticoid-receptor-antagonists-to-explore-oxosteroid-receptor-selectivity
#19
Anneli Nordqvist, Gavin O'Mahony, Maria Fridén-Saxin, Marlene Fredenwall, Anders Hogner, Kenneth L Granberg, Anna Aagaard, Stefan Bäckström, Anders Gunnarsson, Tim Kaminski, Yafeng Xue, Anita Dellsén, Eva Hansson, Pia Hansson, Ida Ivarsson, Ulla Karlsson, Krister Bamberg, Majlis Hermansson, Jennie Georgsson, Bo Lindmark, Karl Edman
The mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) is a nuclear hormone receptor involved in the regulation of body fluid and electrolyte homeostasis. In this study we explore selectivity triggers for a series of nonsteroidal MR antagonists to improve selectivity over other members of the oxosteroid receptor family. A biaryl sulfonamide compound was identified in a high-throughput screening (HTS) campaign. The compound bound to MR with pKi =6.6, but displayed poor selectivity over the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and the progesterone receptor (PR)...
January 5, 2017: ChemMedChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875951/effect-of-supraphysiological-doses-of-nandrolone-decanoate-upon-aldosterone-concentration-and-serum-na-k-levels-in-albino-mice
#20
Parmita Chowdhury, Rita Mahanta
BACKGROUND: This article is a study of adverse effects associated with the abuse of recreational drugs such as Anabolic Androgenic Steroids. Nandrolone Decanoate is one such drug often abused by athletes and bodybuilders seeking enhanced physical strength or appearance. The use of such steroids has increased dramatically over the years. OBJECTIVE: The present study was conducted to investigate the impact of nandrolone decanoate when consumed at an abused dose, upon serum aldosterone concentration in albino mice...
November 21, 2016: Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
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