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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452970/effect-of-tear-supplements-on-signs-symptoms-and-inflammatory-markers-in-dry-eye
#1
Eilidh Martin, Katherine M Oliver, E Ian Pearce, Alan Tomlinson, Peter Simmons, Suzanne Hagan
PURPOSE: Three tear supplements were compared for their effects on the signs, symptoms and inflammatory status of subjects with dry eye disease. Assessments were made before and after both 2 and 4 weeks of treatment. METHODS: In this masked, randomized, 3-way crossover trial, eighteen dry eye subjects were recruited. At each visit, symptoms, tear evaporation rate, stability and osmolarity were measured and tear samples were analyzed for 7 inflammatory markers, using multiplex immunoassays...
February 13, 2018: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449025/-prospective-monocentric-uncontrolled-study-of-efficacy-tolerance-and-adherence-of-cyclosporin-0-1-for-severe-dry-eye-syndrome
#2
Y Boujnah, R Mouchel, H El-Chehab, C Dot, C Burillon, V Kocaba
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy, tolerability and treatment adherence of Ikervis ® (Santen, SAS) (ciclosporine 0.1 %) for first line therapy or following treatment with Restasis ® (Allergan, Inc.) (ciclosporine 0.05 %) for severe dry eye syndrome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective, monocentric, uncontrolled study was conducted between January 2012 and March 2015 on 110 eyes of 55 patients with severe dry eye on first line therapy or previously treated with Restasis ® who required the introduction of Ikervis ® ...
February 12, 2018: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448286/-mitochondrial-dysfunctions-and-role-of-coenzyme-q10-in-patients-with-glaucoma
#3
Carl Erb, Katarzyna Konieczka
Mitochondrial function is closely linked to numerous aspects of eye health. Imbalance between the creation of energy and the development of reactive oxygen species (ROS) seems to be the cause of the development of mitochondrial dysfunctions. As a result of this energy deficit, the level of oxidative stress in the eye tissues increases, leading to numerous ophthalmic impairments. It is important to distinguish between primary mitochondrial eye diseases and secondary mitochondrial changes. Primary mitochondrial eye diseases, for example Leber's hereditary optic atrophy (LHON), retinitis pigmentosa and chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia are caused by direct damage to mitochondrial function induced by defective genes, either located on mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) or the DNA of the nucleus (nDNA)...
February 2018: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445264/exercise-program-improved-subjective-dry-eye-symptoms-for-office-workers
#4
Kokoro Sano, Motoko Kawashima, Sayuri Takechi, Masaru Mimura, Kazuo Tsubota
Introduction: We investigated the benefits of a cognitive behavior therapy-based exercise program to reduce the dry eye symptoms of office workers. Materials and methods: We recruited 11 office workers with dry eye symptoms, aged 31-64 years, who voluntarily participated in group health guidance at a manufacturing company. Participants learned about the role of physical activity and exercise in enhancing wellness and performed an exercise program at home 3 days per week for 10 weeks...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443034/subretinal-transplantation-of-human-embryonic-stem-cell-derived-retinal-pigment-epithelial-cells-into-a-large-eyed-model-of-geographic-atrophy
#5
Sandra Petrus-Reurer, Hammurabi Bartuma, Monica Aronsson, Sofie Westman, Fredrik Lanner, Anders Kvanta
Geographic atrophy (GA), the late stage of dry age-related macular degeneration is characterized by loss of the retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) layer, which leads to subsequent degeneration of vital retinal structures (e.g., photoreceptors) causing severe vision impairment. Similarly, RPE-loss and decrease in visual acuity is seen in long-term follow up of patients with advanced wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD) receiving intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) treatment. Therefore, on the one hand, it is fundamental to efficiently derive RPE cells from an unlimited source that could serve as replacement therapy...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440872/topical-ocular-0-1-cyclosporine-a-cationic-emulsion-in-dry-eye-disease-patients-with-severe-keratitis-experience-through-the-french-early-access-program
#6
Pierre-Jean Pisella, Marc Labetoulle, Serge Doan, Beatrice Cochener-Lamard, Mourad Amrane, Dahlia Ismail, Catherine Creuzot-Garcher, Christophe Baudouin
Purpose: The objective of this study was to report the evaluation of efficacy and safety of cyclosporine A cationic emulsion (CsA CE) 0.1% for the treatment of severe keratitis in adults with dry eye disease (DED) in a French early-access program. Methods: Patients with DED and severe keratitis (corneal fluorescein staining [CFS] score of 3-5 on the Oxford scale and/or the presence of corneal lesions [filaments or ulcers]) were enrolled in a compassionate use program (Authorization for Temporary Use [ATU]) for once-daily CsA CE, which was approved by French health authorities prior to its registration...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440868/ocular-comfort-assessment-of-lifitegrast-ophthalmic-solution-5-0-in-opus-3-a-phase-iii-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Kelly K Nichols, Edward Holland, Melissa M Toyos, James H Peace, Parag Majmudar, Aparna Raychaudhuri, Mohamed Hamdani, Monica Roy, Amir Shojaei
Purpose: To evaluate ocular comfort of lifitegrast ophthalmic solution 5.0% among patients with dry eye disease (DED) in the OPUS-3 trial. Methods: OPUS-3 was a multicenter, randomized, double-masked, placebo-controlled study. Adults with DED and recent artificial tear use were randomized 1:1 (lifitegrast:placebo) to ophthalmic drops twice daily for 84 days. On days 0 (baseline), 14, 42, and 84, drop comfort score (scale, 0-10; 0 = very comfortable, 10 = very uncomfortable) was measured at 0, 1, 2, and 3 minutes postinstillation...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439532/a-quick-surgical-treatment-of-conjunctivochalasis-using-radiofrequencies
#8
Alexandra Trivli, Georgios Dalianis, Chryssa Terzidou
The purpose of our study is to present a quick surgical procedure for the treatment of Conjunctivochalasis (CCH) and to evaluate its effectiveness. Thirty consecutive patients, in whom CCH was diagnosed on clinical examination, were investigated for the presence of symptoms of dry eye. The 60 eyes were evaluated according to their symptomatology and the 40 symptomatic eyes were grouped in two stages using the LIPCOF (stage 1, one small fold; stage 2, more than two folds but not higher than the tear meniscus) classification and included in the study...
February 12, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429300/-research-progress-of-conscious-pain-and-neurosensory-abnormalities-in-dry-eye-disease
#9
X Lin, Z L Liu, J L Wu, Z G Liu
Dry eye is one of the most common ocular problems in ophthalmology clinic. With the change of social environment and people's life style, the prevalence of dry eye disease is increasing. Currently, the diagnosis criteria for dry eye is controversial, diagnosis of dry eye mainly rely on the comprehensive assessment of symptoms and the presence of associated ocular surface signs. However, previous studies have shown a poor correlation between dry eye symptoms and objective clinical signs in patients. Recent studies have found that neuropathic pain plays an important role in the occurrence of discordance between symptoms and signs in dry eye disease...
February 11, 2018: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429299/-research-progress-of-intense-pulsed-light-treatment-on-meibomian-gland-dysfunction-and-relevant-dry-eye-diseases
#10
W J Song, X M Yan
Intense pulsed light (IPL) is a broad spectrum incoherent light which is produced by high-output xenon lamp. Since the invention of the first-generation IPL in 1994, IPL technology has been developing rapidly and extensively utilized in multiple fields relevant to dermatology across the world. In 2004, the fourth-generation IPL system was introduced with the optimal pulse technology (OPT) and has soon been used for cosmetic purposes all over the world. In 2002, Dr. Toyos found that the meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) and dye eye disease (DED)symptoms of the rosacea patients who received IPL treatment have been improving significantly, therefore he started to explore the application of IPL system to treatment of dry eye disease...
February 11, 2018: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426737/-demodex-genus-colonizing-parasites-of-healthy-people-or-mites-associated-with-ocular-pathology
#11
Florencia Mongi, Laura Laconte, Rodolfo D Casero
Demodex folliculorum and Demodex brevis are mites that are responsible for human demodicosis affecting skin and frequently linked to ocular diseasess. The aim of this work was to determine the association between Demodex sp. and eyelid and eyelash diseases and to establish the predisposing factors for acquiring this parasitic disease. Eyelashes from symptomatic and asymptomatic patients (n=72) between 9 and 82 years old were analyzed, where 53% were positive for Demodex sp., of which 66% manifested ocular symptoms and pathologies, blepharitis and dry eye being prevalent...
February 6, 2018: Revista Argentina de Microbiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415667/short-term-effect-of-a-developed-warming-moist-chamber-goggle-for-video-display-terminal-associated-dry-eye
#12
Yueping Ren, Jie Chen, Qinxiang Zheng, Wei Chen
BACKGROUND: Video display terminal (VDT)-associated dry eye (DE) patients are the rising group worldwide, and moisture goggles are the preferable treatment since they are capable of improving tear film stability and DE discomfort. The current study aims to evaluate the short-term efficacy and safety of the developed warming moist chamber goggles (WMCGs) for VDT-associated DE patients. METHODS: In this prospective self-control study, 22 DE patients (22 eyes) working with VDTs over 4 h daily were enrolled and instructed to wear WMCGs for 15 min...
February 7, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409899/a-12-year-study-of-slotted-palladium-103-plaque-radiation-therapy-for-choroidal-melanoma-near-touching-or-surrounding-the-optic-nerve
#13
Abhilasha Maheshwari, Paul T Finger
PURPOSE: To present our 12-year experience with low energy photon, slotted eye plaque radiation therapy. DESIGN: Retrospective interventional case series METHODS: SETTING: The New York Eye Cancer Center. STUDY POPULATION: Fifty-two consecutive patients with uveal melanomas near, touching or surrounding the optic disc. INTERVENTION: Slotted eye plaque radiation therapy. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: change in visual acuity, local tumor control, radiation side effects, eye salvage and systemic metastases...
January 31, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405795/oral-mucosa-grafting-in-periorbital-reconstruction
#14
Andre Grixti, Raman Malhotra
To provide an extensive literature review on the clinical indications of oral mucosa grafts (OMG) and minor salivary gland grafts (MSGG) in periorbital reconstruction together with safe practice graft harvesting techniques to minimize donor-site morbidity. A literature review was performed by searching the databases of PUBMED, EMBASE, and COCHRANE library using the keywords: minor salivary glands; oral mucosal graft; orbit; and eye. The bibliographies of the pertinent articles were examined for additional papers...
February 6, 2018: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398904/a-single-vectored-thermal-pulsation-treatment-for-meibomian-gland-dysfunction-increases-mean-comfortable-contact-lens-wearing-time-by-approximately-4-hours-per-day
#15
Caroline A Blackie, Christy A Coleman, Kelly K Nichols, Lyndon Jones, Peter Q Chen, Ron Melton, David L Kading, Leslie E O'Dell, Sruthi Srinivasan
Purpose: To evaluate the effect of a single vectored thermal pulsation (VTP) treatment in contact lens wearers with meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) and dry eye symptoms. Methods: The prospective, nonsignificant risk, open-label, randomized, multi-center clinical trial included 55 soft contact lens (SCL) wearers with MGD and evaporative dry eye. Subjects were randomized to the single VTP treatment group or an untreated control. The controls received a crossover VTP treatment at 3 months (crossover treatment group)...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398903/comparison-of-a-single-dose-vectored-thermal-pulsation-procedure-with-a-3-month-course-of-daily-oral-doxycycline-for-moderate-to-severe-meibomian-gland-dysfunction
#16
Kerry B Hagen, Raman Bedi, Caroline A Blackie, Kellie J Christenson-Akagi
Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of a single bilateral 12-minute vectored thermal pulsation (VTP) procedure versus daily oral doxycycline for 3 months for moderate-to-severe meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD). Methods: This prospective, randomized, parallel-group, single-masked study included 28 subjects who received either a single-dose VTP or 3 months of doxycycline treatment. At baseline and 3 months post treatment, all subjects were evaluated for the following: dry eye symptoms with a standard dry eye questionnaire (the Standard Patient Evaluation for Eye Dryness [SPEED]), meibomian gland (MG) function by counting the number of glands yielding liquid secretion with the MG evaluator (MGE), tear breakup time (TBUT) and corneal and conjunctival staining...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394128/impact-of-hyaluronic-acid-containing-artificial-tear-products-on-reepithelialization-in-an-in-vivo-corneal-wound-model
#17
Eric Carlson, Winston W Y Kao, Abayomi Ogundele
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of 6 commercially available hyaluronic acid (HA)-containing topical artificial tear products on corneal reepithelialization following injury, in an in vivo mouse model. METHODS: Ninety-six C57Bl/6 mice (16 per treatment group; male to female ratio, 1:1 per group) were anesthetized. Epithelial debridement was performed on 1 cornea per animal, and the debrided eye was imaged. A 30 μL masked test solution containing 1 of 6 artificial tear products was instilled, immediately on debridement, and subsequently, every 2 h, for a total of 4 administrations...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392636/dry-eye-and-meibomian-gland-dysfunction-in-pseudophakic-bullous-keratopathy
#18
Melis Palamar, Pelin Kiyat, Ayse Yagci
PURPOSE: To evaluate dry eye tests and meibography of patients with pseudophakic bullous keratopathy (PBK). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-seven patients with PBK were included. The eyes with PBK were compared with the normal pseudophakic fellow eyes. All patients had undergone a detailed ophthalmic examination including corneal and conjunctival fluorescein staining and Oxford scoring, tear film breakup time, Schirmer 1 test, Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) score assessment, lid margin abnormalities, upper and lower eyelid Meibomian gland evaluation using infrared captures of a biomicroscope...
February 1, 2018: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391773/dry-eye-syndrome-developments-and-lifitegrast-in-perspective
#19
REVIEW
Ivonne V Lollett, Anat Galor
Dry eye (DE) is a chronic ocular condition with high prevalence and morbidity. It has a complex pathophysiology and is multifactorial in nature. Chronic ocular surface inflammation has emerged as a key component of DE that is capable of perpetuating ocular surface damage and leading to symptoms of ocular pain, discomfort, and visual phenomena. It begins with stress to the ocular surface leading to the production of proinflammatory mediators that induce maturation of resident antigen-presenting cells which then migrate to the lymph nodes to activate CD4 T cells...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391426/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-self-reported-dry-eye-in-brazil-using-a-short-symptom-questionnaire
#20
Julia Silvestre de Castro, Iara Borin Selegatto, Rosane Silvestre de Castro, Eliana C M Miranda, José Paulo Cabral de Vasconcelos, Keila Monteiro de Carvalho, Carlos Eduardo Leite Arieta, Monica Alves
To evaluate dry eye prevalence and investigate associated risk factors in Brazil by applying a short questionnaire of symptoms and risk factors. A cross-sectional study of 3,107 participants from all the five different geopolitical regions of Brazil. Overall prevalence of dry eye in this study population was 12.8%. Dry eye previous diagnosis was reported by 10.2% and presence of severe symptoms in 4.9%. Logistic regression analysis confirmed some significantly risk factors, such as female sex (Odds Ratio (OR) 1...
February 1, 2018: Scientific Reports
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