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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333582/outpatient-erbium-yag-2940%C3%A2-nm-laser-treatment-for-snoring-a-prospective-study-on-40-patients
#1
Isabelle Fini Storchi, Steven Parker, Francesca Bovis, Stefano Benedicenti, Andrea Amaroli
Snoring is a sleep phenomenon due to the partial upper airway obstruction during sleep which causes vibration of the tissues of the rhino-oro-hypopharynx and less frequently the larynx. This study evaluated the use and effectiveness of the erbium:YAG 2940-nm laser as an adjunctive in providing treatment for patients suffering from chronic snoring-related sleep disorders. A prospective study of 40 consecutive patients with snoring and sleep disorders was performed, assessing data before and after three Er:YAG laser treatment sessions...
January 15, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327682/analysis-of-implementiation-of-4th-head-and-neck-cancer-awareness-week-in-department-of-otolaryngology-in-mi%C3%A4-dzyleski-hospital-in-warsaw
#2
Karolina Dżaman, Karolina Piskadło-Zborowska, Mirosława Pietniczka-Załęska
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to analyze the profile of patients applying for free preventive examinations within The Forth European Head an Neck Cancer (HNC) Awareness Week in the Department of Otorhynolaryngology in Międzyleski Hospital in Warsaw (ORL MSS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A media campaign was designed to inform HNC risk patients about the opportunity to receive free preventive examinations in ORL MSS. 225 patients were enrolled to the study. Patient age ranged from 26 to 92 (average 63 years)...
August 31, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302374/using-quality-of-life-scales-with-nutritional-relevance-after-gastrectomy-a-challenge-for-providing-personalized-treatment
#3
Seung Soo Lee, Wansik Yu, Ho Young Chung, Oh Kyoung Kwon, Won Kee Lee
Purpose: This study evaluated the changes in nutritional status based on quality of life (QoL) item-level analysis to determine whether individual QoL responses might facilitate personal clinical impact. Materials and Methods: This study retrospectively evaluated QoL data obtained by the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core 30 (QLQ-C30) and Quality of Life Questionnaire-Stomach (QLQ-STO22) as well as metabolic-nutritional data obtained by bioelectrical impedance analysis and blood tests...
December 2017: Journal of Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297564/oral-nodular-lesions-in-patients-with-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-unusual-oral-implications-of-a-systemic-disorder
#4
Juliana Barchelli Pinheiro, Camila Tirapelli, Claudia Helena Lovato da Silva, Marilena Chinali Komesu, Flávio Calil Petean, Paulo Louzada Junior, Jorge Esquiche León, Ana Carolina Fragoso Motta
Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is a systemic chronic autoimmune disorder affecting the lacrimal and salivary glands. SS may manifest as primary SS (pSS) or secondary SS (sSS), the latter occurring in the context of another autoimmune disorder. In both cases, the dry eyes and mouth affect the patient's quality of life. Late complications may include blindness, dental tissue destruction, oral candidiasis and lymphoma. This paper reports two cases of SS, each of them presenting unusual oral nodular lesion diagnosed as relapsed MALT lymphoma and mucocele...
May 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289374/safety-of-flibanserin-in-women-treated-with-antidepressants-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-study
#5
Anita H Clayton, Harry A Croft, James Yuan, Louise Brown, Robert Kissling
BACKGROUND: Depression is often associated with sexual dysfunction, and pharmacologic treatment for hypoactive sexual desire disorder can be considered in women receiving treatment for depression. AIM: To evaluate the safety of flibanserin in women treated for depression with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors or serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors. METHODS: In this double-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled trial, women with remitted or mild depression treated with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors or serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors who were not postmenopausal and were experiencing symptoms of hypoactive sexual desire disorder (ie, decreased sexual desire and related distress) received flibanserin 50 mg at bedtime (qhs) for 2 weeks and up-titrated to 100 mg qhs, flibanserin 100 mg qhs for the entire treatment period, or placebo for up to 12 weeks...
January 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274375/meta-analysis-risk-of-dry-mouth-with-second-generation-antidepressants
#6
Kiley Cappetta, Chad Beyer, Jessica A Johnson, Michael H Bloch
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this meta-analysis was to quantify the risk of dry mouth associated with commonly prescribed antidepressant agents and examine the potential implications of medication class, dose, and pharmacodynamics and dose on risk of treatment-induced dry mouth. DATA SOURCES AND STUDY SELECTION: A PubMed search was conducted to identify double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trials examining the efficacy and tolerability of second generation antidepressant medications for adults with depressive disorders, anxiety disorders, and OCD...
December 20, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258368/lisdexamfetamine-chemistry-pharmacodynamics-pharmacokinetics-and-clinical-efficacy-safety-and-tolerability-in-the-treatment-of-binge-eating-disorder
#7
Kristen Ward, Leslie Citrome
The indications for lisdexamfetamine (LDX), a central nervous system stimulant, were recently expanded to include treatment of moderate to severe binge eating disorder (BED). Areas covered: This review aims to describe the chemistry and pharmacology of LDX, as well as the clinical trials investigating the efficacy and safety of this medication for the management of BED. Expert opinion: LDX is the first medication with United States Food and Drug Administration approval for the treatment of BED. It is an inactive prodrug of d-amphetamine that extends the half-life of d-amphetamine to allow for once daily dosing...
January 4, 2018: Expert Opinion on Drug Metabolism & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246167/the-candida-species-that-are-important-for-the-development-of-atrophic-glossitis-in-xerostomia-patients
#8
Sachika Nakamura, Mariko R Okamoto, Ken Yamamoto, Akihisa Tsurumoto, Yoko Yoshino, Hiroshi Iwabuchi, Ichiro Saito, Nobuko Maeda, Yoichi Nakagawa
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to clarify the species of Candida that are important for the development of atrophic glossitis in xerostomia patients. METHODS: A total of 231 patients with subjective dry mouth were enrolled in the present study. Logistic regression analysis was performed to clarify the contribution of each Candida species and other variables to the development of atrophic glossitis. The dependent variable was the absence/presence of atrophic glossitis...
December 16, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235746/clinical-problem-solving-a-tobacco-merchant-who-can-t-spit
#9
Sandra Benizri, Nancy Agmon-Levin, Noam D Kitrey, Dan Carter, Elinor Goshen, Yehonathan Sharabi
A 47 year old man presented with a combination of dry mouth and lightheadedness while standing. His medical background was unremarkable except for cigarette smoking and hyperlipidemia. Sjögren's syndrome was ruled out, and he was referred for evaluation of orthostatic hypotension, which by then included syncopal episodes and injuries. Additional symptoms included dry eyes, constipation, reduced sweating, and erectile dysfunction. After excluding medications and structural cardiac abnormalities as causes of orthostatic hypotension, a clinical autonomic evaluation was performed...
December 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224251/efficacy-and-safety-of-fesoterodine-treatment-for-overactive-bladder-symptoms-in-elderly-women-with-and-without-hypertension
#10
Osamu Yokoyama, Hidetomi Yamagami, Shintaro Hiro, Shinichi Hotta, Masaki Yoshida
OBJECTIVE: To assess fesoterodine treatment in elderly women with overactive bladder with and without hypertension. METHODS: Data for 2527 elderly women with overactive bladder symptoms, including urgency urinary incontinence, were pooled from 10 double-blind, placebo-controlled fesoterodine studies. RESULTS: A total of 1523 elderly women (60.3%) had a history of hypertension, and 1004 women (39.7%) had no hypertension history. Overactive bladder symptoms, mean bodyweight and mean body mass index at baseline were significantly higher in women with overactive bladder and hypertension versus those without hypertension (P < 0...
December 10, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202278/treatment-outcomes-of-257-patients-with-locoregionally-advanced-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-treated-with-nimotuzumab-plus-intensity-modulated-radiotherapy-with-or-without-chemotherapy-a-single-institution-experience
#11
Fangzheng Wang, Chuner Jiang, Zhimin Ye, Tongxin Liu, Quanquan Sun, Fengqin Yan, Weifeng Qin, Zhenfu Fu, Yangming Jiang
OBJECTIVES: To report the long-term outcome and toxicity of locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (LA NPC) treated with nimotuzumab (h-R3) plus intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) with or without chemotherapy. METHODS: From May 2008 to March 2014, 3022 newly histology-proven, nonmetastatic NPC patients were retrospectively reviewed; among them, 257 patients treated with h-R3 were enrolled in this study. The patients' age range was between 10 and 76 years...
December 1, 2017: Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200970/systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials-in-the-treatment-of-dry-eye-disease-in-sjogren-syndrome
#12
REVIEW
Kendrick Co Shih, Christie Nicole Lun, Vishal Jhanji, Bernard Yu-Hor Thong, Louis Tong
Primary Sjögren's syndrome is an autoimmune disease characterized by dry eye and dry mouth. We systematically reviewed all the randomized controlled clinical trials published in the last 15 years that included ocular outcomes. We found 22 trials involving 9 topical, 10 oral, 2 intravenous and 1 subcutaneous modalities of treatment. Fluoromethalone eye drops over 8 weeks were more effective than topical cyclosporine in the treatment of dry eye symptoms and signs; similarly, indomethacin eye drops over 1 month were more efficacious than diclofenac eye drops...
2017: Journal of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175804/review-medicinal-plants-combating-against-hypertension-a-green-antihypertensive-approach
#13
Sabira Sultana, Hafiz Muhammad Asif
Hypertension (HTN) or high blood pressure is a medical condition that accounts 9.4 million deaths all over the world every year. It is leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. It increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases, including heart failure, diffuse atherosclerosis, cognitive impairment and dementia. Clinically, synthetic antihypertensive drugs have been used to treat hypertension. However, the efficacy of these drugs is low and also produces side effects which include dry mouth, dizziness, emotional distress, gastrointestinal disturbance, visual disorders etc...
November 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175019/long-term-outcome-and-quality-of-life-after-initial-and-repeat-resection-of-colorectal-liver-metastasis-a-retrospective-analysis
#14
D Heise, W Bayings, A Tuinhof, R Eickhoff, A Kroh, F Ulmer, C H C Dejong, U Neumann, M Binnebösel
BACKGROUND: Repeat hepatectomy is a widely accepted treatment for patients with recurrent colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM). The aim of this study was to compare initial and repeat hepatic resection concerning overall survival, prognostic factors and postoperative quality of life. METHODS: Data on patients who underwent initial or repeat hepatic resection for CRLM between 2010 and 2016 were prospectively collected and retrospectively evaluated. Follow-up data, EORTC QLQ-C30 and QLQ-LMC21 questionnaire results for quality of life (QoL) evaluation were analyzed...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159581/inhibition-of-salivary-secretion-by-tolterodine-transdermal-patch
#15
Ji-Yeong Byeon, Young-Hoon Kim, Se-Hyung Kim, Choong-Min Lee, Chang-Ik Choi, Jung-Woo Bae, Choon-Gon Jang, Seok-Yong Lee, Yun Jeong Lee
Tolterodine, a nonselective muscarinic antagonist available only as immediate release (IR) or extended release (ER) oral formulations, is used for the treatment of overactive bladder (OAB). This study aimed to compare the efficacy and extent of dry mouth adverse effects of tolterodine transdermal patch to the oral formulation. The two formulations have been examined through the muscarinic receptor binding tests conducted in bladder and salivary gland tissues and the salivary secretion tests conducted in rats...
November 20, 2017: Archives of Pharmacal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157765/the-effect-of-preoperative-oral-carbohydrate-solution-intake-on-patient-comfort-a-randomized-controlled-study
#16
Emel Çakar, Emel Yilmaz, Ekrem Çakar, Hakan Baydur
PURPOSE: The study was conducted to investigate the effect of preoperative oral carbohydrate loading on the preoperative discomforts and postoperative complications of patients undergoing elective thyroidectomy. DESIGN: A randomized controlled clinical trial. METHODS: Ninety patients scheduled for thyroidectomy were divided into three groups: (1) those receiving a carbohydrate-rich drink (CHD), (2) those receiving an overnight 5% glucose intravenous infusion, and (3) those fasting from midnight...
December 2017: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140559/comparative-efficacy-and-tolerability-of-solifenacin-5%C3%A2-mg-day-versus-other-oral-antimuscarinic-agents-in-overactive-bladder-a-systematic-literature-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#17
Jameel Nazir, Con Kelleher, Samuel Aballéa, Khaled Maman, Zalmai Hakimi, Colette Mankowski, Isaac Odeyemi
AIMS: To compare efficacy and tolerability of solifenacin 5 mg/day versus other oral antimuscarinic agents for the treatment of overactive bladder (OAB). METHODS: Literature searches of MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were undertaken to identify randomized controlled trials in OAB (2000-2015) for antimuscarinic agents. A network meta-analysis (NMA) was performed to estimate efficacy and tolerability outcomes for solifenacin 5 mg/day relative to other antimuscarinics...
November 15, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134566/lisdexamfetamine-a-review-in-binge-eating-disorder
#18
Young-A Heo, Sean T Duggan
Oral lisdexamfetamine dimesylate (Vyvanse®; lisdexamfetamine), a prodrug of dextroamfetamine, is currently the only drug to be approved in the USA for the treatment of moderate to severe binge eating disorder (BED) in adult patients. Its approval was based on the results of two pivotal short-term (12 weeks) phase III studies, which showed a significantly greater reduction in binge eating days/week at the end of the study with lisdexamfetamine 50-70 mg/day than with placebo. The findings of these studies have been supported and extended by the results of longer-term (≤ 52 weeks) phase III studies, including one with a randomized 26-week withdrawal phase, which showed that lisdexamfetamine markedly reduced the risk of BED relapse relative to placebo...
November 2017: CNS Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119483/low-level-laser-therapy-for-xerostomia-in-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-a-randomized-trial
#19
Tania Fidelix, Adriano Czapkowski, Sergio Azjen, Adagmar Andriolo, Pedro Horvath Neto, Virgínia Trevisani
To evaluate the effectiveness of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) in the treatment of xerostomia in primary Sjögren's syndrome (SS), a randomized clinical trial of patients with dry mouth symptoms associated with primary SS receiving care at a university hospital was conducted. Sixty-six patients were randomly assigned with a 1:1 allocation ratio to receive LLLT (laser group, n = 33) or placebo treatment (placebo group, n = 33). Patients in the laser group received LLLT twice a week for 6 weeks, for a total of 12 treatment sessions...
November 9, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114602/impact-on-quality-of-life-of-imrt-versus-3-d-conformal-radiation-therapy-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-a-case-control-study
#20
Edvard Abel, Ewa Silander, Jan Nyman, Mogens Bove, Leif Johansson, Thomas Björk-Eriksson, Eva Hammerlid
Objective: The purpose of this study was to prospectively and longitudinally compare the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) outcomes between head and neck (HN) cancer patients treated with parotid-sparing intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and patients treated with 3-dimensional conventional radiation therapy (3D-CRT). Methods and materials: Before and up to 12 months after treatment, HRQOL was recorded in patients with HN cancer who were referred to the Department of Oncology at Sahlgrenska University Hospital for curative IMRT...
July 2017: Advances in Radiation Oncology
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