keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Dry mouth treatment

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303381/differences-in-dietary-intake-during-chemotherapy-in-breast-cancer-patients-compared-to-women-without-cancer
#1
Y C de Vries, M M G A van den Berg, J H M de Vries, S Boesveldt, J Th C M de Kruif, N Buist, A Haringhuizen, M Los, D W Sommeijer, J H N Timmer-Bonte, H W M van Laarhoven, M Visser, E Kampman, R M Winkels
PURPOSE: Breast cancer patients receiving chemotherapy often experience symptoms such as nausea, vomiting and loss of appetite that potentially affect dietary habits. This study assessed the intake of energy, macronutrients and food groups before and during chemotherapy in breast cancer patients compared with women without cancer, and determined the association between symptoms and energy and macronutrient intake. METHODS: This study included 117 newly diagnosed breast cancer patients scheduled for chemotherapy and 88 women without cancer...
March 16, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300854/randomized-placebo-and-active-controlled-crossover-study-of-the-safety-and-efficacy-of-thvd-102-a-fixed-dose-combination-of-oxybutynin-and-pilocarpine-in-subjects-with-primary-focal-hyperhidrosis
#2
David M Pariser, Janakan Krishnaraja, Thomas M Tremblay, R Michael Rubison, Ted W Love, Benjamin F McGraw
BACKGROUND: While muscarinic antagonists (anticholinergics) have shown efficacy in treating primary focal hyperhidrosis (PFH), side effects - most commonly dry mouth - are intolerable for most patients. THVD-102, a fixed-dose combination product has been developed combining oxybutynin, a muscarinic antagonist, and pilocarpine, a muscarinic agonist. The pilocarpine is at a dose level and release profile optimized to correct salivary flow impaired by oxybutynin yet not interfere with the therapeutic muscarinic antagonist effect of oxybutynin upon the sweat glands...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299770/does-systemic-disease-aggravate-the-severity-of-dry-mouth-by-anticholinergics-in-overactive-bladder-patients
#3
Keon-Cheol Lee, Bong-Mo Seong
PURPOSE: In overactive bladder (OAB) patients with systemic diseases, dry mouth tends to be more prominent owing to the effects of systemic diseases or related medications. We evaluated how systemic diseases affect dry mouth before and after anticholinergic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: OAB patients were enrolled in this study. The patients were divided according to the presence or absence of systemic diseases. Patients with systemic diseases were sub-grouped by the number of systemic diseases (only one or more than one disease)...
March 16, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299626/efficacy-and-safety-of-escitalopram-in-treatment-of-severe-depression-in-chinese-population
#4
Tianmei Si, Gang Wang, Fude Yang, Yiru Fang, Maosheng Fang, Jijun Li, Jicheng Dong, Xinhua Shen, Jianmin Zhuo, Qing Rui, Jinan Wang, Hu Cuili
Severe depression accounts for one-third of depressed patients. Increasing severity of depression usually hinders patients from achieving remission. This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of escitalopram in acute-phase treatment of severe major depressive disorder (MDD). A total of 225 participants with severe MDD (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition criteria), with a current depressive episode and Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) score of ≥30 were enrolled...
March 15, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298775/a-comparative-study-of-intravenous-dexmedetomidine-and-intravenous-clonidine-for-postspinal-shivering-in-patients-undergoing-lower-limb-orthopedic-surgeries
#5
Manohar Panneer, Prakash Murugaiyan, Sufala Viswas Rao
BACKGROUND: Dexmedetomidine and clonidine have been used for the prevention and treatment of shivering following spinal blockade. A prospective randomized, double-blinded study was conducted to compare the efficacy and safety of dexmedetomidine and clonidine in controlling postspinal shivering. METHODS: A total of sixty participants of equal sex, aged between 18 and 60 years of American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) I/II Class, who underwent orthopedic lower limb surgeries under spinal anesthesia with ≥Grade III shivering were randomly divided into two groups, Group D (n = 30) received injection dexmedetomidine 0...
January 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288692/does-cimicifuga-racemosa-have-the-effects-like-estrogen-on-the-sublingual-gland-in-ovariectomized-rats
#6
Yun-Meng Da, Kai-Yu Niu, Shu-Ya Liu, Ke Wang, Wen-Juan Wang, Jing Jia, Li-Hua Qin, Wen-Pei Bai
BACKGROUND: Cimicifuga racemosa is one of the herbs used for the treatment of climacteric syndrome, and it has been cited as an alternative therapy to estrogen. Apart from hectic fevers, dyspareunia and so on, dry mouth also increase significantly after menopause. It has not yet been reported whether C. racemosa has any impact on the sublingual gland, which may relate to dry mouth. In an attempt to determine this, we have compared the effects of estrogen and C. racemosa on the sublingual gland of ovariectomized rats...
March 14, 2017: Biological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286566/gastrointestinal-manifestations-of-mitochondrial-disorders-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Josef Finsterer, Marlies Frank
Mitochondrial disorders (MIDs) due to respiratory-chain defects or nonrespiratory chain defects are usually multisystem conditions [mitochondrial multiorgan disorder syndrome (MIMODS)] affecting the central nervous system (CNS), peripheral nervous system, eyes, ears, endocrine organs, heart, kidneys, bone marrow, lungs, arteries, and also the intestinal tract. Frequent gastrointestinal (GI) manifestations of MIDs include poor appetite, gastroesophageal sphincter dysfunction, constipation, dysphagia, vomiting, gastroparesis, GI pseudo-obstruction, diarrhea, or pancreatitis and hepatopathy...
January 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280616/differences-in-symptom-occurrence-severity-and-distress-ratings-between-patients-with-gastrointestinal-cancers-who-received-chemotherapy-alone-or-chemotherapy-with-targeted-therapy
#8
Ilufredo Y Tantoy, Anand Dhruva, Janine Cataldo, Alan Venook, Bruce A Cooper, Steven M Paul, Jon D Levine, Yvette P Conley, Frances Cartwright, Kathryn Lee, Fay Wright, Christine Miaskowski
BACKGROUND: Approximately 28% of patients with gastrointestinal (GI) cancers will receive targeted therapy (TT) because of the associated increases in survival. Only four studies have examined the symptom experience of these patients. To date, no studies have evaluated for differences in symptom occurrence, severity, and distress between patients who received chemotherapy (CTX) alone (n=304) or CTX with TT (n=93). METHODS: Patients completed self-report questionnaires, approximately one week after they received CTX...
February 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270954/the-attitudes-of-urologists-and-gynecologists-about-overactive-bladder-and-treatment-of-it-in-turkey-a-questionnaire-survey
#9
Burhan Coşkun, Ömer Bayrak, Murat Dinçer, Kadir Önem, Cenk Gürbüz, Rahmi Onur
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to review the approaches of urologist and gynecologist in the management of overactive bladder (OAB). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A questionnaire consisting of 12 items were answered by 375 urologist and 46 gynecologist. The differences between frequency of encountering OAB, their viewpoints concerning conservative treatment, and their experience related to anticholinergic drug use and the management of refractory OAB were compared. RESULTS: The majority of the urologists, and gynecologists responded to the question "How often do you encounter OAB patients in your daily practice?" as 'in 10-25, and 50% of our patients', respectively (<0...
March 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270706/patients-with-burning-mouth-sensations-a-clinical-investigation-of-causative-factors-in-a-group-of-compete-denture-wearers-jordanian-population
#10
Gadeer Elea Mukatash-Nimri, Marwan A Al-Nimri, Omar G Al-Jadeed, Zaid R Al-Zobe, Khuzama K Aburumman, Nader A Masarwa
AIM: To find out the prevalence of "true" burning mouth syndrome and study the association between patients' spontaneous complaints of burning mouth and systemic conditions in a group of middle age and elderly "denture wearers" patients in Jordan. METHODS: A group of 129 patients (112 female and 17 male) of "complete denture wearers" subjects aged 40 years and over attended prosthetic clinic at King Hussein Medical Hospital complaining from oral burning, with no oral lesion possibly responsible for the burning sensations were selected...
January 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228331/-efficacy-and-safety-of-available-therapies-in-the-management-of-idiopathic-overactive-bladder-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#11
J Moyson, F Legrand, M Vanden Bossche, T Quackels, T Roumeguère
OBJECTIVE: Study the efficacy and adverse events of different pharmacological lines in the treatment of idiopathic overactive bladder (iOAB). METHODS: PubMed research on meta-analyses and randomized controlled trials (RCT) focused on the efficacy and adverse effects of anticholinergics, botulinum toxin and mirabegron since 2005. RESULTS: Ten meta-analyses of anticholinergics were selected; 16 randomized controlled trials (ERC) comparing botulinum toxin A to either anticholinergic or placebo and 10 ERC studying mirabegron...
February 19, 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209359/safety-and-efficacy-of-fimasartan-in-mexican-patients-with-grade-1-2-essential-hypertension
#12
Ernesto G Cardona-Muñoz, Agustín López-Alvarado, Ignacio Conde-Carmona, Gerardo Sánchez-Mejorada, Sara Pascoe-González, Ramiro G Banda-Elizondo, Armando García-Castillo, Guillermo González-Gálvez, Raúl G Velasco-Sánchez, Maricela Vidrio-Velázquez, José L Leiva-Pons, Efraín Villeda-Espinosa, Arturo Guerra-López, Ramón M Esturau-Santalo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate efficacy and safety of 60mg and 120mg Fimasartan (FMS) alone or combined with 12.5mg hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) in Mexican population. METHODS: Six month, treat-to-target, open study in subjects with grade 1-2 hypertension. Subjects were initially treated with 60mg FMS once daily; on week 8, those with Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP) <90mmHg continued on the same FMS dose during the rest of the study while those with DBP ≥90mmHg were randomized to either 120mg FMS or 60mg FMS+12...
February 10, 2017: Archivos de Cardiología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203322/congenital-ichthyosis-a-case-treated-successfully-with-acitretin
#13
Selvi Gulasi
INTRODUCTION: Lamellar ichthyosis (collodion baby) is a cornification disorder classified under the category of autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis and characterized by hyperkeratosis. Early-stage retinoid treatment has been shown to improve survival in these patients. In this article, a lamellar ichthyosis case is presented of an infant who had the symptoms at birth and was treated successfully with acitretin. CASE PRESENTATION: A term newborn infant presented after delivery...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196783/symptom-cluster-trajectories-during-chemotherapy-in-breast-cancer-outpatients
#14
Hsin-Tien Hsu, Kuan-Chia Lin, Li-Min Wu, Chiung-Hui Juan, Ming-Feng Hou, Shiow-Li Hwang, Yi Liu, Marylin J Dodd
CONTEXT: Breast cancer patients often experience multiple symptoms and substantial discomfort. Some symptoms may occur simultaneously and throughout the duration of chemotherapy treatment OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate symptom severity and symptom cluster trajectories during chemotherapy in outpatients with breast cancer in Taiwan. METHODS: This prospective, longitudinal, repeated measures study administered a standardized questionnaire (M...
February 11, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193278/qianggu-capsule-for-the-treatment-of-primary-osteoporosis-evidence-from-a-chinese-patent-medicine
#15
REVIEW
Xu Wei, Aili Xu, Hao Shen, Yanming Xie
BACKGROUND: Qianggu Capsule, a Chinese patent medicine, has been widely applied in the clinical practice of primary osteoporosis (POP) in recent years. This study aims to summarize the effectiveness and safety of Qianggu Capsule in treating POP. METHODS: We searched seven electronic databases, all searches ended in 30 September, 2015. All randomised controlled trials comparing the efficacy of Qianggu Capsule treatment with no treatment, placebo or conventional therapy for POP were included...
February 13, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178072/side-effects-can-enhance-treatment-response-through-expectancy-effects-an-experimental-analgesic-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Chantal Berna, Irving Kirsch, Sean R Zion, Yvonne C Lee, Karin B Jensen, Pamela Sadler, Ted J Kaptchuk, Robert R Edwards
In randomized controlled trials (RCTs), medication side effects may lead to beliefs that one is receiving the active intervention and enhance active treatment responses, thereby majoring drug-placebo differences. We tested these hypotheses with an experimental double-blind RCT of a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication (NSAID) with and without the addition of atropine to induce side effects. One hundred healthy volunteers were told they would be randomized to either combined analgesics that might produce dry mouth or inert placebos...
February 4, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177515/methadone-for-cancer-pain
#17
REVIEW
Alexander B Nicholson, Graeme R Watson, Sheena Derry, Philip J Wiffen
BACKGROUND: This is an updated review originally published in 2004 and first updated in 2007. This version includes substantial changes to bring it in line with current methodological requirements. Methadone is a synthetic opioid that presents some challenges in dose titration and is recognised to cause potentially fatal arrhythmias in some patients. It does have a place in therapy for people who cannot tolerate other opioids but should be initiated only by experienced practitioners. This review is one of a suite of reviews on opioids for cancer pain...
February 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161845/temporal-and-spatial-distribution-of-lumpy-skin-disease-lsd-outbreaks-in-mashonaland-west-province-of-zimbabwe-from-2000-to-2013
#18
C Gomo, K Kanonhuwa, F Godobo, O Tada, S M Makuza
The objective of this study was to determine significant factors affecting spacio-temporal distribution of lumpy skin disease (LSD) in Mashonaland West Province of Zimbabwe. A retrospective study of LSD from year 2000 to 2013 was undertaken using records from the Department of Livestock and Veterinary Services, Mashonaland West Province, Zimbabwe. Descriptive statistics was computed on LSD cases, treatments, vaccinations, and deaths. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to determine significant factors affecting LSD distribution across diverse farming sectors (localities), districts, months, and years as from 2000 to 2013 in Mashonaland West Province...
March 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156472/oncology-massage-impact-on-patient-with-cancer-and-caregiver-self-reported-symptoms-as-part-of-an-integrative-oncology-program-at-a-comprehensive-cancer-center
#19
Kathrin Milbury, Amy Spelman, Qi Wei, Pamela A Sumler, Curtiss M Beinhorn, Eduardo Bruera, Lorenzo Cohen
79 Background: Massage as a manual therapy has shown benefit for symptomatic relief in patients with cancer and their caregivers. We explored the impact of a single massage session on self-reported symptoms in an outpatient clinic at a comprehensive cancer center. METHODS: Patients and caregivers received oncology massage treatments (30 or 60-min duration) at our Integrative Medicine Center outpatient clinic from Sep 2012-Jan 2015. Participants completed a modified Edmonton Symptom Assessment Scale (ESAS; 0-10 scale, 10 most severe) pre- and post-massage...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138222/facilitated-saliva-secretion-and-reduced-oral-inflammation-by-a-novel-artificial-saliva-system-in-the-treatment-of-salivary-hypofunction
#20
Minkyung Kang, Hyounggeun Park, Joon-Ho Jun, Miwon Son, Myung Joo Kang
Saliva substitutes and/or lubricants are commonly employed to lessen dry mouth symptoms by stimulating and/or substituting for the secretion of saliva. In this study, a novel artificial saliva containing inorganic salts, including sodium chloride and potassium chloride, and bactericidal agents, including potassium thiocyanate and lactoperoxidase, was formulated in the form of a solution (DM-sol) or gel (DM-gel). Those in vivo therapeutic efficacies were assessed in terms of saliva secretion and anti-inflammatory activity in rats and mice, respectively...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
keyword
keyword
97779
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"