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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922657/social-aware-event-handling-within-the-fallrisk-project
#1
Femke De Backere, Jan Van den Bergh, Sven Coppers, Shirley Elprama, Jelle Nelis, Stijn Verstichel, An Jacobs, Karin Coninx, Femke Ongenae, Filip De Turck
OBJECTIVES: With the uprise of the Internet of Things, wearables and smartphones are moving to the foreground. Ambient Assisted Living solutions are, for example, created to facilitate ageing in place. One example of such systems are fall detection systems. Currently, there exists a wide variety of fall detection systems using different methodologies and technologies. However, these systems often do not take into account the fall handling process, which starts after a fall is identified or this process only consists of sending a notification...
December 6, 2016: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922656/wearable-therapy-detecting-information-from-wearables-and-mobiles-that-are-relevant-to-clinical-and-self-directed-therapy
#2
Bert Arnrich, Cem Ersoy, Oscar Mayora, Anind Dey, Nadia Berthouze, Kai Kunze
BACKGROUND: This accompanying editorial provides a brief introduction into the focus theme "Wearable Therapy". OBJECTIVES: The focus theme "Wearable Therapy" aims to present contributions which target wearable and mobile technologies to support clinical and self-directed therapy. METHODS: A call for papers was announced to all participants of the "9th International Conference on Pervasive Computing Technologies for Healthcare" and was published in November 2015...
December 6, 2016: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921301/a-very-unusual-accidental-mechanical-asphyxia-of-choking-with-a-whole-solea-solea
#3
Francesco Paolo Busardò, Giulio Mannocchi, Paola Pugnetti, Alessandro Santurro, Aldo Maggiordomo, Simona Zaami
The case here reported involves a schizophrenic 19-year-old girl under treatment with clotiapine, which was well tolerated except for a moderate dry mouth. The woman ingested a whole sole (Solea solea), which caused a very rapid death by choking. A complete autopsy was performed 24 h later, as well as histological and toxicological analysis. At autopsy, the sole was wedged in the esophagus causing a choking ab extrinseco. The fish had a length of 18 cm and a maximum width of 6 cm, weighing 188.7 g. Toxicological analysis detected 0...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917268/effects-of-the-genium-knee-system-on-functional-level-stair-ambulation-perceptive-and-economic-outcomes-in-transfemoral-amputees
#4
M Jason Highsmith, Jason T Kahle, Matthew M Wernke, Stephanie L Carey, Rebecca M Miro, Derek J Lura, Bryce S Sutton
Compared to non-microprocessor knees, the C-Leg microprocessor knee (MPK) is bioenergentically and economically more efficient and safer for transfemoral amputation (TFA) patients. The Genium MPK has demonstrated improvements in perceived function, knee kinematics, and physical functional performance compared to C-Leg. Clinical and health economic analyses have not been conducted with the Genium knee system. The purpose of this study was to determine if laboratory determined benefits of Genium are detectable using common clinical assessments and if there are economic benefits associated with its use...
September 2016: Technology and Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912997/postacute-care-in-cancer-rehabilitation
#5
REVIEW
Ying Guo, Jack B Fu, Hong Guo, Jennifer Camp, Ki Y Shin, Shi-Ming Tu, Lynn J Palmer, Rajesh Yadav
Acute care is usually associated with disease progression, treatments for cancer, and medical comorbidities. Patients with cancer may develop sudden functional deficits that require rehabilitation. Some of these patients benefit from acute rehabilitation, others benefit from subacute rehabilitation. After acute rehabilitation, continuous care for these patients has not been well described. Three studies are presented to demonstrate that cancer rehabilitation is a continuous process. Rehabilitation professionals should know how to detect fall risk, monitor symptoms, and render symptom management...
February 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912976/implications-of-a-negative-abdominal-ct-in-the-management-of-pediatric-blunt-abdominal-trauma
#6
Sarah Braungart, Thomas Beattie, Paula Midgley, Mark Powis
BACKGROUND: No consensus exists on management of children with a negative trauma CT following blunt abdominal trauma (BAT). Asymptomatic children are frequently "admitted for observation" following negative CT owing to concerns about missing an intraabdominal injury (IAI) without evidence for this practice. We aimed to investigate the feasibility of discharge following a negative CT scan in children sustaining blunt abdominal trauma. METHODS: Retrospective audit at a UK paediatric major trauma center and review of the literature...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908036/cetacean-acoustic-detections-from-free-floating-vertical-hydrophone-arrays-in-the-southern-california-current
#7
Emily T Griffiths, Jay Barlow
Drifting acoustic recorders were deployed in the southern California Current during Fall 2014. Two hydrophones configured as a 2-m vertical array at 100 m depth recorded using a 192 kHz sample rate on a 10% duty cycle (2 min/20 min). Beaked whales were detected in 33 of 8618 two-minute recordings. Sperm whales were detected in 185 recordings, and dolphins in 2291 recordings. Many beaked whales detected were over an abyssal plain and not associated with slope or seamount features. Results show the feasibility of using free-floating recording systems to detect a variety of cetacean species over periods of several months...
November 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907862/alteration-of-%C3%AE-n-acetylgalactosaminidase-nagalase-concentration-in-alcohol-dependent-individuals-without-liver-disease-during-the-detoxification-therapy
#8
Margarita Zoga, Thomas Nikou, Anastasios Ioannidis, Elias Tzavellas, Thomas Paparrigopoulos, Konstantinos Th Lambrokostopoulos, Vassilis G Vasdekis, Maria Magana, Stylianos Chatzipanagiotou
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to investigate for the first time, the alteration of α-N-acetylgalactosaminidase (nagalase) concentration in alcohol-dependent individuals without liver disease, before, during and at the end of the detoxification therapy. METHODS: Forty-eight alcohol-dependent individuals without liver disease who were admitted for alcohol detoxification, and eighty-four healthy controls participated in this study. Patients' blood was obtained upon admission, two weeks later and after the completion of the detoxification period (4-5 weeks)...
November 16, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907045/pulse-detecting-genetic-circuit-a-new-design-approach
#9
Nasimul Noman, Mara Inniss, Hitoshi Iba, Jeffrey C Way
A robust cellular counter could enable synthetic biologists to design complex circuits with diverse behaviors. The existing synthetic-biological counters, responsive to the beginning of the pulse, are sensitive to the pulse duration. Here we present a pulse detecting circuit that responds only at the falling edge of a pulse-analogous to negative edge triggered electric circuits. As biological events do not follow precise timing, use of such a pulse detector would enable the design of robust asynchronous counters which can count the completion of events...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899048/the-method-for-breast-cancer-grade-prediction-and-pathway-analysis-based-on-improved-multiple-kernel-learning
#10
Tianci Song, Yan Wang, Wei Du, Sha Cao, Yuan Tian, Yanchun Liang
Breast cancer histologic grade represents the morphological assessment of the tumor's malignancy and aggressiveness, which is vital in clinically planning treatment and estimating prognosis for patients. Therefore, the prediction of breast cancer grade can markedly elevate the detection of early breast cancer and efficiently guide its treatment. With the advent of high-throughput profiling technology, a large number of data of different types are rapidly generated, and each data provides its unique biological insight...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894709/external-validation-in-an-intermediate-unit-of-a-respiratory-decompensation-model-trained-in-an-intensive-care-unit
#11
Holly N Blackburn, Matthew T Clark, Travis J Moss, Jeffrey S Young, J Randall Moorman, Douglas E Lake, J Forrest Calland
BACKGROUND: Preventing urgent intubation and upgrade in level of care in patients with subclinical deterioration could be of great utility in hospitalized patients. Early detection should result in decreased mortality, duration of stay, and/or resource use. The goal of this study was to externally validate a previously developed, vital sign-based, intensive care unit, respiratory instability model on a separate population, intermediate care patients. METHODS: From May 2014 to May 2016, the model calculated relative risk of adverse events every 15 minutes (n = 373,271 observations) for 2,050 patients in a surgical intermediate care unit...
November 25, 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894057/factors-influencing-the-occurrence-and-distribution-of-neonicotinoid-insecticides-in-surface-waters-of-southern-ontario-canada
#12
John Struger, Josey Grabuski, Steve Cagampan, Ed Sverko, Daryl McGoldrick, Christopher H Marvin
The widespread use of neonicotinoid insecticides and recent increased regulatory scrutiny requires the generation of monitoring data with sufficient scope and resolution to provide decision makers with a better understanding of occurrence and distribution in the environment. This study presents a wide-scale investigation of neonicotinoid insecticides used across the range of agricultural activities from fifteen surface water sites in southern Ontario. Using statistical analysis, the correlation of individual compounds with land use was investigated, and the relationship between neonicotinoid occurrence and hydrologic parameters in calibrated water courses was also assessed...
November 25, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893566/validity-and-reliability-of-a-portable-balance-tracking-system-btracks-in-older-adults
#13
Susan S Levy, Katie J Thralls, Shiloah A Kviatkovsky
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Falls are the leading cause of disability, injury, hospital admission, and injury-related death among older adults. Balance limitations have consistently been identified as predictors of falls and increased fall risk. Field measures of balance are limited by issues of subjectivity, ceiling effects, and low sensitivity to change. The gold standard for measuring balance is the force plate; however, its field use is untenable due to high cost and lack of portability...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889511/historical-sources-of-polychlorinated-biphenyls-to-the-sediment-of-the-new-york-new-jersey-harbor
#14
Lisa A Rodenburg, David K Ralston
Using dated sediment cores, polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congener concentrations in the New York/New Jersey Harbor and Lower Hudson River were investigated using Positive Matrix Factorization. Of the seven factors resolved, six represent Aroclors in various stages of weathering. Factor 1 resembles Aroclor 1242 and is consistent with the Upper Hudson River PCB signal associated with the General Electric capacitor plants near Hudson Falls, NY. This factor is the dominant source of PCBs in the upper layers of the sediment core collected in the Lower Hudson River...
November 24, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889391/review-of-fall-detection-techniques-a-data-availability-perspective
#15
REVIEW
Shehroz S Khan, Jesse Hoey
A fall is an abnormal activity that occurs rarely; however, missing to identify falls can have serious health and safety implications on an individual. Due to the rarity of occurrence of falls, there may be insufficient or no training data available for them. Therefore, standard supervised machine learning methods may not be directly applied to handle this problem. In this paper, we present a taxonomy for the study of fall detection from the perspective of availability of fall data. The proposed taxonomy is independent of the type of sensors used and specific feature extraction/selection methods...
November 23, 2016: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887585/reduction-in-antibiotic-prescribing-for-respiratory-tract-infections-in-swedish-primary-care-a-retrospective-study-of-electronic-patient-records
#16
Mia Tyrstrup, Anders Beckman, Sigvard Mölstad, Sven Engström, Christina Lannering, Eva Melander, Katarina Hedin
BACKGROUND: Swedish studies on antibiotic use in primary care have been based on one-week registrations of infections. In order to study adherence to guidelines, analyses based on large databases that provide information on diagnosis linked prescriptions, are needed. This study describes trends in management of infections in Swedish primary care particularly with regards to antibiotic prescribing and adherence to national guidelines. METHODS: A descriptive study of Sweden's largest database regarding diagnosis linked antibiotic prescription data, the Primary care Record of Infections in Sweden (PRIS), for the years 2008, 2010 and 2013...
November 25, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886275/conspecific-leaf-litter-mediated-effect-of-conspecific-adult-neighborhood-on-early-stage-seedling-survival-in-a-subtropical-forest
#17
Heming Liu, Guochun Shen, Zunping Ma, Qingsong Yang, Jianyang Xia, Xiaofeng Fang, Xihua Wang
Conspecific adults have strong negative effect on the survival of nearby early-stage seedlings and thus can promote species coexistence by providing space for the regeneration of heterospecifics. The leaf litter fall from the conspecific adults, and it could mediate this conspecific negative adult effect. However, field evidence for such effect of conspecific leaf litter remains absent. In this study, we used generalized linear mixed models to assess the effects of conspecific leaf litter on the early-stage seedling survival of four dominant species (Machilus leptophylla, Litsea elongate, Acer pubinerve and Distylium myricoides) in early-stage seedlings in a subtropical evergreen broad-leaved forest in eastern China...
November 25, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884652/clinical-and-molecular-epidemiologic-trends-reveal-the-important-role-of-rotavirus-in-adult-infectious-gastroenteritis-in-shanghai-china
#18
Yan Wang, Jinan Zhang, Pengbo Liu
As a leading cause of severe diarrhea in children, the pathogenic role of rotavirus in adults has been underestimated for a long time. A hospital-based prospective clinical and molecular epidemiologic study of rotavirus infections in adults was performed between April 2014 and March 2015 in Shanghai, China. Overall, rotavirus was detected in 48 of 441 (10.9%) specimens with prevalence peaking in December (33.3%) and January (27.9%), whereas bacteria were identified in 45 of 846 (5.3%) samples (p<0.01). The rotavirus winter-spring seasonality (November-March) contrasts with the marked summer-fall seasonality (April-October) of bacterial pathogens (p<0...
November 21, 2016: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884144/assessment-of-serology-and-spirometry-and-the-combination-of-both-to-complement-microbiological-isolation-for-earlier-detection-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-infection-in-children-with-cystic-fibrosis
#19
Ana Kotnik Pirš, Uroš Krivec, Saša Simčič, Katja Seme
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess whether serology and spirometry and the combination of both can complement culture-based detection for earlier recognition of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection in children with cystic fibrosis. METHODS: A 4 year longitudinal prospective study that included 67 Slovenian children with cystic fibrosis with a mean age of 10.5 years was conducted. Serology, spirometry and a scoring system combining serology and spirometry were assessed and compared...
November 25, 2016: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881972/multilocus-sequence-typing-analysis-of-carbapenem-resistant-acinetobacter-baumannii-in-a-chinese-burns-institute
#20
Guangtao Huang, Supeng Yin, Yali Gong, Xia Zhao, Lingyun Zou, Bei Jiang, Zhiwei Dong, Yu Chen, Jing Chen, Shouguang Jin, Zhiqiang Yuan, Yizhi Peng
Acinetobacter baumannii is a leading pathogen responsible for nosocomial infections. The emergence of carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii (CRAB) has left few effective antibiotics for clinicians to use. To investigate the temporal evolutionary relationships among CRAB strains, we collected 248 CRAB isolates from a Chinese burns institute over 3 years. The prevalence of the OXA-23 gene was detected by polymerase chain reaction. Multilocus sequence typing was used to type the CRAB strains and eBURST was used to analyze their evolutionary relationships...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
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