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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549856/three-decades-of-managing-tomato-spotted-wilt-virus-in-peanut-in-southeastern-united-states
#1
REVIEW
R Srinivasan, M R Abney, A K Culbreath, R C Kemerait, R S Tubbs, W S Monfort, H R Pappu
Southeastern states namely Georgia, Florida, and Alabama produce two-thirds of the peanuts in the United States. Thrips-transmitted Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV), which causes spotted wilt disease, has been a major impediment to peanut production for the past three decades. The cultivars grown in the 1980s were extremely susceptible to TSWV. Early yield losses extended to tens of millions of dollars each year (up to 100% loss in many fields). This situation led to the creation of an interdisciplinary team known as "SWAT: Spotted Wilt Action Team"...
May 23, 2017: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548841/light-absorption-by-brown-carbon-in-the-southeastern-united-states-is-ph-dependent
#2
Sabrina M Phillips, Aleia D Bellcross, Geoffrey D Smith
Light-absorbing organic material, or "brown carbon" (BrC), can significantly influence the effect that aerosols have on climate. Here, we investigate how changing pH affects the absorption spectra of water-soluble BrC from ambient particulate matter smaller than 2.5 μm collected in Athens, Georgia, in the spring and fall of 2016, including samples from nearby wildfires. We find that absorption increases 10% per pH unit from pH 2 to pH 12 with a broad, featureless tail at visible wavelengths, where the largest fractional increase is also observed...
May 26, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546875/spinal-cord-infarct-caused-from-suspected-fibrocartilaginous-embolism
#3
Ayham M Alkhachroum, Danielle Weiss, Alan Lerner, Michael A De Georgia
INTRODUCTION: We report a case of spinal cord infarct as a result of suspected fibrocartilaginous embolism (FCE). CASE PRESENTATION: A 23-year-old man presented with sudden onset cervical and upper back pain followed by progressive weakness in his extremities after throwing a baseball. History, neurologic examination and spinal cord imaging were consistent with spinal cord infarct. We believe the cause was from FCE. DISCUSSION: Though rare, physicians should be familiar with this diagnosis and the proposed mechanisms...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544645/germline-indels-and-cnvs-in-a-cohort-of-colorectal-cancer-patients-their-characteristics-associations-with-relapse-free-survival-time-and-potential-time-varying-effects-on-the-risk-of-relapse
#4
Salem Werdyani, Yajun Yu, Georgia Skardasi, Jingxiong Xu, Konstantin Shestopaloff, Wei Xu, Elizabeth Dicks, Jane Green, Patrick Parfrey, Yildiz E Yilmaz, Sevtap Savas
INDELs and CNVs are structural variations that may play roles in cancer susceptibility and patient outcomes. Our objectives were a) to computationally detect and examine the genome-wide INDEL/CNV profiles in a cohort of colorectal cancer patients, and b) to examine the associations of frequent INDELs/CNVs with relapse-free survival time. We also identified unique variants in 13 Familial Colorectal Cancer Type X (FCCX) cases. The study cohort consisted of 495 colorectal cancer patients. QuantiSNP and PennCNV algorithms were utilized to predict the INDELs/CNVs using genome-wide signal intensity data...
May 23, 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544292/perioperative-adverse-events-in-patients-on-continued-anticoagulation-undergoing-photoselective-vaporisation-of-the-prostate-with-the-180-w-greenlight-lithium-triborate-laser
#5
Georgia L Knapp, Venu Chalasani, Henry H Woo
OBJECTIVES: To compare perioperative factors and adverse events (AEs) in men undergoing photoselective vaporisation of the prostate (PVP) with or without continued anticoagulation therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of a PVP database of men treated with the 180-W lithium triborate (LBO) laser from 2010 to 2016. Of 373 men, 59 underwent PVP with continued anticoagulant therapy, which was defined as treatment with heparin, warfarin, clopidogrel, dipyridamol or new oral anticoagulant drugs...
May 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542152/corrigendum-brain-feminization-requires-active-repression-of-masculinization-via-dna-methylation
#6
Bridget M Nugent, Christopher L Wright, Amol C Shetty, Georgia E Hodes, Kathryn M Lenz, Anup Mahurkar, Scott J Russo, Scott E Devine, Margaret M McCarthy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 25, 2017: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541123/new-exponential-functions-based-on-ct-density-to-estimate-the-percentage-of-liver-that-is-fat
#7
Georgia Keramida, A Michael Peters
OBJECTIVES: In FDG PET/CT, hepatic standardised uptake value (SUV) is reduced through 'signal dilution' by hepatic fat. Maximum SUV (SUVmax) is less affected than mean SUV (SUVmean), so SUVmax/SUVmean correlates with hepatic fat. SUV can be corrected for signal dilution using an equation relating CT density (CTD) to %fat. The objective was to exploit the relationship between SUV indices and CTD to assess the validity of two previously published equations (one linear, one sigmoid) for estimating %fat from CTD, and two new exponential equations...
May 25, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541090/sixty-years-of-placebo-controlled-antipsychotic-drug-trials-in-acute-schizophrenia-systematic-review-bayesian-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression-of-efficacy-predictors
#8
Stefan Leucht, Claudia Leucht, Maximilian Huhn, Anna Chaimani, Dimitris Mavridis, Bartosz Helfer, Myrto Samara, Matteo Rabaioli, Susanne Bächer, Andrea Cipriani, John R Geddes, Georgia Salanti, John M Davis
OBJECTIVE: Antipsychotic drug efficacy may have decreased over recent decades. The authors present a meta-analysis of all placebo-controlled trials in patients with acute exacerbations of schizophrenia, and they investigate which trial characteristics have changed over the years and which are moderators of drug-placebo efficacy differences. METHOD: The search included multiple electronic databases. The outcomes were overall efficacy (primary outcome); responder and dropout rates; positive, negative, and depressive symptoms; quality of life; functioning; and major side effects...
May 25, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540928/anxiety-associated-increased-cpg-methylation-in-the-promoter-of-asb1-a-translational-approach-evidenced-by-epidemiological-and-clinical-studies-and-a-murine-model
#9
Rebecca T Emeny, Jens Baumert, Anthony S Zannas, Sonja Kunze, Simone Wahl, Stella Iurato, Janine Arloth, Angelika Erhardt, Georgia Balsevich, Mathias V Schmidt, Peter Weber, Anja Kretschmer, Liliane Pfeiffer, Johannes Kruse, Konstantin Strauch, Michael Roden, Christian Herder, Wolfgang Koenig, Christian Gieger, Melanie Waldenberger, Annette Peters, Elisabeth B Binder, Karl-Heinz Ladwig
Epigenetic regulation in anxiety is suggested, but evidence from large studies is needed. We conducted an epigenome-wide association study (EWAS) on anxiety in a population-based cohort and validated our finding in a clinical cohort as well as a murine model. In the KORA cohort, participants (n=1522, age 32-72 years) were administered the Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) instrument, whole blood DNA methylation was measured (Illumina 450 K BeadChip) and circulating levels of hs-CRP and IL-18 were assessed in the association between anxiety and methylation...
May 25, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539583/transient-receptor-potential-canonical-5-channels-plays-an-essential-role-in-hepatic-dyslipidemia-associated-with-cholestasis
#10
Khadija M Alawi, David Tandio, Jin Xu, Pratish Thakore, Georgia Papacleovoulou, Elizabeth S Fernandes, Cristina Legido-Quigley, Catherine Williamson, Susan D Brain
Transient receptor potential canonical 5 (TRPC5), a calcium-permeable, non-selective cation channel is expressed in the periphery, but there is limited knowledge of its regulatory roles in vivo. Endogenous modulators of TRPC5 include a range of phospholipids that have an established role in liver disease, including lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC). Cholestasis is characterized by impairment of excretion of bile acids, leading to elevation of hepatic bile acids. We investigated the contribution of TRPC5 in a murine model of cholestasis...
May 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539190/water-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-schools-status-and-implications-of-low-coverage-in-ethiopia-kenya-mozambique-rwanda-uganda-and-zambia
#11
Camille Morgan, Michael Bowling, Jamie Bartram, Georgia Lyn Kayser
Adequate access to water, sanitation, and hygiene (WaSH) in schools impacts health, educational outcomes, and gender disparities. Little multi-country research has been published on WaSH in rural schools in Sub-Saharan Africa. In this multi-national cross-sectional WaSH study, we document WaSH access, continuity, quality, quantity, and reliability in 2270 schools that were randomly sampled in rural regions of six Sub-Saharan African countries: Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Rwanda, Uganda, and Zambia. Data collection included: school WaSH surveys containing internationally established WaSH indicators, direct observation, and field- and laboratory-based microbiological water quality testing...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535947/geoepidemiology-clinical-manifestations-and-outcome-of-primary-biliary-cholangitis-in-greece
#12
Nikolaos K Gatselis, Kalliopi Zachou, Vasiliki Lygoura, Kalliopi Azariadis, Pinelopi Arvaniti, Elias Spyrou, Georgia Papadamou, George K Koukoulis, George N Dalekos, Eirini I Rigopoulou
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) is a disease with rising prevalence and considerable geographical variation. To describe the prevalence, spatial and time distribution, baseline characteristics, response to treatment, outcome and the validity of GLOBE score in a large cohort of Greek PBC patients as an independent validation of this score has not been done so far. METHODS: The last 16years, 482 PBC patients (86.5% females) were evaluated and analysed retrospectively, using a prospectively collected database...
May 20, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533190/in-vitro-bioassays-to-evaluate-beneficial-and-adverse-health-effects-of-botanicals-promises-and-pitfalls
#13
REVIEW
Gerhard Prinsloo, Georgia Papadi, Mebrahtom G Hiben, Laura de Haan, Jochem Louisse, Karsten Beekmann, Jacques Vervoort, Ivonne M C M Rietjens
This review provides an update on the promises and pitfalls when using in vitro bioassays to evaluate beneficial and adverse health effects of botanicals and botanical preparations. Important issues addressed in the paper are: (i) the type of assays and biological effects available; (ii) false-positives, false-negatives and confounding factors; (iii) matrix and combination effects; (iv) extrapolation of in vitro data to the in vivo situation; (v) when (not) to use bioassays; and (vi) identification of active constituents...
May 19, 2017: Drug Discovery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531626/dairy-products-consumption-is-associated-with-10-year-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-apparently-healthy-adults-the-attica-study
#14
Ekavi Georgousopoulou, Demosthenes Panagiotakos, Christos Pitsavos, Christina Chrysohoou, Georgia-Maria Kouli, Emmanouil Kampaxis, John Skoumas, Dimitrios Tousoulis, Christodoulos Stefanadis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531609/development-and-validation-of-a-model-that-estimates-body-fat-percentage-based-on-simple-anthropometric-measurements
#15
Vladlena Khudokonenko, Spyridon Kanellakis, Efstathios Skoufas, Eftychia Apostolidou, Loukia Gerakiti, Maria Andrioti, Christianna Georgopoulou, Georgia Ziogou, Theodora Makridi, Yannis Manios
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531603/the-consumption-of-dietary-supplement-which-contains-plant-extracts-affects-superoxide-dismutase-activity-in-healthy-adults
#16
Maria Choleva, Eleftheria Alexandraki, Georgia Afxediou, Labrini Gabrihl, Chryssa Argyrou, Ioannis Malagaris, Elizabeth Fragopoulou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531602/validation-of-equation-models-estimating-body-composition-in-greek-population
#17
Efstathios Skoufas, Spyridon Kanellakis, Eftychia Apostolidou, Vladlena Khudokonenko, Georgia Ziogou, Ioannis Papasotiriou, Loukia Gerakiti, Christianna Georgopoulou, Yannis Manios
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531591/mediterranean-diet-10-year-cardiovascular-risk-in-patients-with-acs-greecs-study
#18
Asimenia Kouroupi, Venetia Notara, Demosthenes Panagiotakos, Nikos Vasiliou, Εleni Kalli, Μargarita Verdi, Εlena Tsobanaki, Mosxo Michalopoulou, Μarifei Bali, Evaggelos Papataksiarchis, Georgia Kouli, Dimitra Tzanoglou, Yannis Mantas, Yannis Kogias, Petros Stravopodis, George Papanagnou, Spiros Zombolos, Christos Pitsavos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529385/shocking-behavior-random-wealth-in-antebellum-georgia-and-human-capital-across-generations
#19
Hoyt Bleakley, Joseph Ferrie
Does the lack of wealth constrain parents' investments in the human capital of their descendants? We conduct a nearly fifty-year followup of an episode in which such constraints would have been plausibly relaxed by a random allocation of substantial wealth to families. We track descendants of participants in Georgia's Cherokee Land Lottery of 1832, in which nearly every adult white male in Georgia took part. Winners received close to the median level of wealth - a large financial windfall orthogonal to participants' underlying characteristics that might have also affected their children's human capital...
August 2016: Quarterly Journal of Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528258/epidemiology-and-management-of-chronic-thromboembolic-pulmonary-hypertension-experience-from-two-expert-centers
#20
Maria Anna Bazmpani, Alexandra Arvanitaki, Maria Toumpourleka, Georgia Pitsiou, Evaggelia Panagiotidou, Sophia Anastasia Mouratoglou, Georgios Sianos, Stavros Hadjimiltiades, Antonios Pitsis, Eckhard Mayer, Ioannis Stanopoulos, Haralambos Karvounis, George Giannakoulas
BACKGROUND: Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is a rare, distinct pulmonary vascular disease, and, therefore, there is lack of data regarding its clinical presentation, diagnosis and management at a national basis. Our objective was to describe the demographics and management of CTEPH patients in Northern Greece. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, observational study with a joint collaboration from two pulmonary hypertension expert centers in Greece and included patients diagnosed with CTEPH...
May 17, 2017: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
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