keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

General

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933737/testing-the-influence-of-surfactant-based-wound-dressings-on-proteinase-activity
#1
Sunyoung Jeong, Gregory S Schultz, Daniel J Gibson
Proteinases are enzymes that can digest other proteins. In chronic wounds, a sub-class of these enzymes with the ability to degrade the extracellular matrix (matrix metalloproteinases, MMPs) have been found to both inhibit healing and to be able to aid in enzymatically debriding a wound. Enzymatic debridement using the enzymes present in a wound is generally called autolytic debridement. Clinicians seeking to employ autolytic debridement typically use occlusive materials such as medical honey, alginate dressings and other occlusive dressings...
December 8, 2016: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933718/constipation-in-older-people-a-consensus-statement
#2
Anton Emmanuel, Francesco Mattace-Raso, Maria Cristina Neri, Karl-Uwe Petersen, Enrique Rey, June Rogers
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Chronic constipation is a serious medical condition that affects 30%-40% of people over 60 years old. Although not normally life threatening, constipation reduces quality of life by the same extent as diabetes and osteoarthritis. There are currently no Europe-wide guidelines for treating constipation in older people, although there is some country-level guidance for the general population. We have evaluated the existing guidance and best clinical practice to improve the care of older people with constipation...
December 9, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933710/re-relationship-between-general-movements-in-neonates-who-were-growth-restricted-in-utero-and-prenatal-doppler-flow-patterns-j-c-tanis-d-m-schmitz-m-r-boelen-l-casarella-p-p-van-den-berg-c-m-bilardo-and-a-f-bos-ultrasound-obstet-gynecol-2016-48-772-778
#3
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933692/preferential-changes-of-skeletal-muscle-echogenicity-in-myotonic-dystrophy-type-1
#4
N Takamatsu, K Sogawa, H Nodera, S Hashiguchi, Y Osaki, M Saito, A Mori, Y Izumi, R Kaji
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1), weakness of distal limb muscles affects quality of life. Non-invasive evaluation of muscular involvement by muscle sonography could be useful for characterizing muscle-specific involvement. METHODS: Sonography of the lower leg and forearm was performed in 19 patients with DM1 and 10 control subjects. The mean echo intensities (EIs) of seven limb muscles were obtained by computer-assisted histogram analysis and compared within DM1 according to the overall clinical severity...
December 9, 2016: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933686/risk-of-incident-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-infection-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-nationwide-population-based-study-in-south-korea
#5
S N Hong, H J Kim, K H Kim, S-J Han, I M Ahn, H S Ahn
BACKGROUND: The low incidence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection and lack of adequate controls have prevented researchers from estimating tuberculosis (TB) risk in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients. AIM: To evaluate the risk of incident TB among IBD patients. METHODS: Using the 2011-2013 data of the South Korean National Health Insurance (NHI) system, we calculated the incidence rates (IRs), standardised incidence ratio (SIR) and number needed to screen (NNS) for incident TB in IBD patients compared to the general population in terms of subtype, age, gender and IBD medications...
January 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933681/evaluating-a-primary-care-psychology-service-in-ireland-a-survey-of-stakeholders-and-psychologists
#6
Mark Corcoran, Michael Byrne
Primary care psychology services (PCPS) represent an important resource in meeting the various health needs of our communities. This study evaluated the PCPS in a two-county area within the Republic of Ireland. The objectives were to (i) examine the viewpoints of the service for both psychologists and stakeholders (healthcare professionals only) and (ii) examine the enactment of the stepped care model of service provision. Separate surveys were sent to primary care psychologists (n = 8), general practitioners (GPs; n = 69) and other stakeholders in the two counties...
December 8, 2016: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933668/the-role-of-the-hippocampus-in-generalizing-configural-relationships
#7
Sam C Berens, Chris M Bird
The hippocampus has been implicated in integrating information across separate events in support of mnemonic generalizations. These generalizations may be underpinned by processes at both encoding (linking similar information across events) and retrieval ("on-the-fly" generalization). However, the relative contribution of the hippocampus to encoding- and retrieval-based generalizations is poorly understood. Using fMRI in humans, we investigated the hippocampal role in gradually learning a set of spatial discriminations and subsequently generalizing them in an acquired equivalence task...
December 9, 2016: Hippocampus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933637/association-of-temporal-variations-in-staffing-with-hospital-acquired-pressure-injury-in-military-hospitals
#8
Patricia A Patrician, Mary S McCarthy, Pauline Swiger, Dheeraj Raju, Sara Breckenridge-Sproat, Xiaogang Su, Kelly H Randall, Lori A Loan
To more precisely evaluate the effects of nurse staffing on hospital-acquired pressure injury (HAPI) development, data on nursing care hours per patient day (NCHPPD), nursing skill mix, patient turnover (i.e., admissions, transfers, and discharges), and patient acuity were merged with patient information from pressure injury prevalence surveys that were collected annually for the Military Nursing Outcomes Database (MilNOD) project. The MilNOD included staffing and adverse events from 56 medical-surgical, stepdown, and critical care units in 13 military hospitals over a 4-year-period...
December 9, 2016: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933630/comparison-of-cartilage-with-temporalis-fascia-tympanoplasty-a-meta-analysis-of-comparative-studies
#9
REVIEW
Mir Mohammad Jalali, Masoud Motasaddi, Ali Kouhi, Sasan Dabiri, Robabeh Soleimani
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the results of type 1 tympanoplasty with temporalis fascia (TF) versus cartilage in patients with chronic otitis media (COM) for graft integration and hearing improvement. DATA SOURCES: The English language literature (until June 1, 2016) was searched, using Medline (via PubMed), Scopus, ProQuest, Ovid, Cochrane database, and Google Scholar. REVIEW METHODS: A comprehensive review of the literature was performed...
December 9, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933580/headache-service-quality-evaluation-of-quality-indicators-in-14-specialist-care-centres
#10
Sara Schramm, Derya Uluduz, Raquel Gil Gouveia, Rigmor Jensen, Aksel Siva, Ugur Uygunoglu, Giorgadze Gvantsa, Maka Mania, Mark Braschinsky, Elena Filatova, Nina Latysheva, Vera Osipova, Kirill Skorobogatykh, Julia Azimova, Andreas Straube, Ozan Emre Eren, Paolo Martelletti, Valerio De Angelis, Andrea Negro, Mattias Linde, Knut Hagen, Aleksandra Radojicic, Jasna Zidverc-Trajkovic, Ana Podgorac, Koen Paemeleire, Annelien De Pue, Christian Lampl, Timothy J Steiner, Zaza Katsarava
BACKGROUND: The study was a collaboration between Lifting The Burden (LTB) and the European Headache Federation (EHF). Its aim was to evaluate the implementation of quality indicators for headache care Europe-wide in specialist headache centres (level-3 according to the EHF/LTB standard). METHODS: Employing previously-developed instruments in 14 such centres, we made enquiries, in each, of health-care providers (doctors, nurses, psychologists, physiotherapists) and 50 patients, and analysed the medical records of 50 other patients...
December 2016: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933560/familiarity-increases-the-number-of-remembered-pok%C3%A3-mon-in-visual-short-term-memory
#11
Weizhen Xie, Weiwei Zhang
Long-term memory (LTM) can influence many aspects of short-term memory (STM), including increased STM span. However, it is unclear whether LTM enhances the quantitative or qualitative aspect of STM. That is, do we retain a larger number of representations or more precise representations in STM for familiar stimuli than unfamiliar stimuli? This study took advantage of participants' prior rich multimedia experience with Pokémon, without investing on laboratory training to examine how prior LTM influenced visual STM...
December 8, 2016: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933551/pentoxifylline-alleviates-early-brain-injury-after-experimental-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-in-rats-possibly-via-inhibiting-tlr-4-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway
#12
Da-Yong Xia, Hua-Sheng Zhang, Ling-Yun Wu, Xiang-Sheng Zhang, Meng-Liang Zhou, Chun-Hua Hang
Early brain injury (EBI) after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) generally causes significant and lasting damage. Pentoxifylline (PTX), a nonselective phosphodiesterase inhibitor, has shown anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective properties in several brain injury models, but the role of PTX with respect to EBI following SAH remains uncertain. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of PTX on EBI after SAH in rats. Adult male Sprauge-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to the sham and SAH groups. PTX (30 or 60 mg/kg) or an equal volume of the administration vehicle (normal saline) was administrated at 30 min intervals following SAH...
December 8, 2016: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933520/mouse-genome-informatics-mgi-resources-for-mining-mouse-genetic-genomic-and-biological-data-in-support-of-primary-and-translational-research
#13
Janan T Eppig, Cynthia L Smith, Judith A Blake, Martin Ringwald, James A Kadin, Joel E Richardson, Carol J Bult
The Mouse Genome Informatics (MGI), resource ( www.informatics.jax.org ) has existed for over 25 years, and over this time its data content, informatics infrastructure, and user interfaces and tools have undergone dramatic changes (Eppig et al., Mamm Genome 26:272-284, 2015). Change has been driven by scientific methodological advances, rapid improvements in computational software, growth in computer hardware capacity, and the ongoing collaborative nature of the mouse genomics community in building resources and sharing data...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933518/resources-for-systems-genetics
#14
Robert W Williams, Evan G Williams
A key characteristic of systems genetics is its reliance on populations that vary to a greater or lesser degree in genetic complexity-from highly admixed populations such as the Collaborative Cross and Diversity Outcross to relatively simple crosses such as sets of consomic strains and reduced complexity crosses. This protocol is intended to help investigators make more informed decisions about choices of resources given different types of questions. We consider factors such as costs, availability, and ease of breeding for common scenarios...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933508/patterns-of-diabetes-care-in-slovenia-croatia-serbia-bulgaria-and-romania-an-observational-non-interventional-cross-sectional-study
#15
Miro Cokolic, Nebojsa M Lalic, Dragan Micic, Gorana Mirosevic, Sanja Klobucar Majanovic, Ivaylo N Lefterov, Mariana Graur
BACKGROUND: National guidelines for treating type 2 diabetes in the Balkans generally follow European guidelines. The current study was undertaken to estimate the rate of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) measurements and level of HbA1c control in diabetic patients treated in regular clinical practice settings in the Balkans and to evaluate if providing HbA1c measurements improves adherence to treatment guidelines. METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled type 2 diabetic patients treated by 79 primary care physicians and 102 specialists...
December 8, 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933504/mental-health-support-provided-throughout-the-bariatric-surgery-clinical-pathway-in-french-specialized-care-centers-for-obesity
#16
Kristopher Lamore, Sandra S Kaci, Sébastien Czernichow, Marion Bretault, Jean-Luc Bouillot, Anne-Jeanne Naudé, Sandra Gribe-Ouaknine, Claire Carette, Cécile Flahault
OBJECTIVE: Pre-operative psychological assessment is recommended by international guidelines for bariatric surgery candidates. Thereby, service teams caring for bariatric patients should include at least one mental health provider (e.g., a psychologist or psychiatrist). The objective of this study was to evaluate the psychology and psychiatry resources and practices in the 37 specialized obesity centers (CSOs) created by the French Ministry of Health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CSO coordinators were contacted by e-mail to collect general information on the centers (e...
December 8, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933471/factors-associated-with-medication-non-adherence-in-patients-with-end-stage-liver-disease
#17
Selena Z Kuo, Marta Haftek, Jennifer C Lai
BACKGROUND: Low medication adherence is known to contribute to worse health outcomes in the general population. AIM: We aimed to evaluate the medication regimen and determine the adherence levels among patients with end-stage liver disease. METHODS: We measured adherence in patients awaiting liver transplantation at a single center using the 8-item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-8), with a score <8 classified as low adherence...
December 8, 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933460/assessing-colorectal-cancer-screening-barriers-by-two-methods
#18
Mira L Katz, Gregory S Young, Barret J Zimmermann, Cathy M Tatum, Electra D Paskett
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is commonly diagnosed in the USA despite screening tests that have decreased CRC incidence and mortality. Finding the best method to identify patient-level screening barriers is important to improve CRC screening rates. A group-randomized trial was conducted among ten primary-care clinics. Clinics were randomized to a multi-level (clinic, provider, patient) CRC screening intervention or usual care (2007-2013). Subsequent to clinic- and provider-level interventions, a three-step, patient-level intervention was conducted...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933450/effects-of-exercise-intervention-in-breast-cancer-patients-is-mobile-health-mhealth-with-pedometer-more-effective-than-conventional-program-using-brochure
#19
Kyeong Eun Uhm, Ji Sung Yoo, Seung Hyun Chung, Jong Doo Lee, Ilkyun Lee, Joong Il Kim, Se Kyung Lee, Seok Jin Nam, Yong Hyun Park, Ji Youl Lee, Ji Hye Hwang
PURPOSE: To investigate and compare the effects of mobile health (mHealth) and pedometer with conventional exercise program using a brochure on physical function and quality of life (QOL). METHODS: The study was a prospective, quasi-randomized multicenter trial where 356 patients whose cancer treatment had been terminated were enrolled. All patients were instructed to perform a 12-week regimen of aerobic and resistance exercise. The mHealth group received a pedometer and a newly developed smartphone application to provide information and monitor the prescribed exercises...
December 8, 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933415/association-between-gamma-glutamyltransferase-and-albuminuria-in-nondiabetic-adults-with-normal-renal-function
#20
Sun-Hye Ko, Myong Ki Baeg, Kyung-Do Han, Seung-Yeon Ko, Sae-Bom Shin, Seung-Hyun Ko, Yu-Bae Ahn
BACKGROUND: Serum gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) has been associated with albuminuria in diabetes patients, but it has not been investigated in the general population. We aimed to investigate the association between serum GGT and albuminuria in the nondiabetic Korean population with normal kidney function. METHODS: Study participants (3948; 1549 men and 2399 women) with an estimated glomerular filtration rate ≥60 mL/min/1.73 m(2) were analyzed from the fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2011)...
December 9, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
keyword
keyword
9776
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"