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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764063/hard-cap-espresso-extraction-and-liquid-chromatography-determination-of-bioactive-compounds-in-vegetables-and-spices
#1
María Teresa Martinez-Sena, Miguel de la Guardia, Francesc A Esteve-Turrillas, Sergio Armenta
A new analytical procedure, based on liquid chromatography with diode array and fluorescence detection, has been proposed for the determination of bioactive compounds in vegetables and spices after hard cap espresso extraction. This novel extraction system has been tested for the determination of capsaicin and dihydrocapsaicin from fresh chilli and sweet pepper, piperine from ground pepper, curcumin from turmeric and curry, and myristicin from nutmeg. Extraction efficiency was evaluated by using acetonitrile:water and ethanol:water mixtures...
December 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739698/highly-eribulin-resistant-kbv20c-oral-cancer-cells-can-be-sensitized-by-co-treatment-with-the-third-generation-p-glycoprotein-inhibitor-elacridar-at-a-low-dose
#2
Yujin Park, Ji-Yeon Son, Byung-Mu Lee, Hyung Sik Kim, Sungpil Yoon
BACKGROUND/AIM: Eribulin mesylate, also called Halaven® (HAL), was recently developed as a microtubule-targeting drug and is used in the clinic for resistant or metastatic cancer. Previously, we showed that P-glycoprotein (P-gp)-overexpressing KBV20C oral cancer cells are highly resistant to HAL compared to sensitive KB cells. This qualitative study was designed to identify specific P-gp inhibitors that increase the sensitivity of highly resistant cancer cells to HAL. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In order to identify functional P-gp inhibitors, HAL-treated KBV20C cells were co-treated with P-gp inhibitors, verapamil, elacridar, cyclosporine A, mitotane, piperine, fumagillin, curcumin, indomethacin, probenecid, sulindac, tesmilifene, and C-4...
August 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736128/the-effect-of-pro-nanolipospheres-pnl-formulation-containing-natural-absorption-enhancers-on-the-oral-bioavailability-of-delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol-thc-and-cannabidiol-cbd-in-a-rat-model
#3
Irina Cherniakov, Dvora Izgelov, Abraham J Domb, Amnon Hoffman
The lipophilic phytocannabinoids cannabidiol (CBD) and Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) show therapeutic efficacy in various medical conditions. Both molecules are poorly water soluble and subjected to extensive first pass metabolism in the gastrointestinal tract, leading to a limited oral bioavailability of approximately 9%. We have developed an advanced lipid based Self-Emulsifying Drug Delivery System termed Advanced Pro-NanoLiposphere (PNL) pre-concentrate. The PNL is composed of lipid and emulsifying excipients of GRAS status and are known to increase solubility and reduce Phase I metabolism of lipophilic active compounds...
July 20, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671328/electrostimulated-release-of-neutral-drugs-from-polythiophene-nanoparticles-smart-regulation-of-drug-polymer-interactions
#4
Anna Puiggalí-Jou, Paolo Micheletti, Francesc Estrany, Luis J Del Valle, Carlos Alemán
Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) nanoparticles are loaded with curcumin and piperine by in situ emulsion polymerization using dodecyl benzene sulfonic acid both as a stabilizer and a doping agent. The loaded drugs affect the morphology, size, and colloidal stability of the nanoparticles. Furthermore, kinetics studies of nonstimulated drug release have evidenced that polymer···drug interactions are stronger for curcumin than for piperine. This observation suggests that drug delivery systems based on combination of the former drug with PEDOT are much appropriated to show an externally tailored release profile...
July 3, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633599/mechanism-of-deltamethrin-induced-thymic-and-splenic-toxicity-in-mice-and-its-protection-by-piperine-and-curcumin-in-vivo-study
#5
Anoop Kumar, Dinakar Sasmal, Neelima Sharma
Deltamethrin (DLM) is a well-known pyrethroid insecticide which is widely used in the agriculture and home pest control due to restriction on the sale of organophosphate. DLM induced apoptosis is well known but its mechanism is still unclear. This study has been designed to find out its mechanism of apoptosis with the help of computational methods along with in vivo methods. The QikProp and ProTox results have shown that DLM has good oral absorption. The docking results reveal that DLM has a strong binding affinity toward the CD4, CD8, CD28 and CD45 receptors...
February 28, 2017: Drug and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458425/cardioprotective-effect-of-curcumin-and-piperine-combination-against-cyclophosphamide-induced-cardiotoxicity
#6
Manodeep Chakraborty, Ananya Bhattacharjee, Jagadish Vasudev Kamath
OBJECTIVE: Curcumin is a well-established cardioprotective phytoconstituent, but the poor bioavailability associated with it is always a matter of therapeutic challenge. The present study was undertaken to increase the therapeutic efficacy of curcumin by combining with bio-enhancer like piperine against cyclophosphamide (CP)-induced cardiotoxicity in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rats (n = 8) were treated with curcumin (200 mg/kg, p.o.) alone and different dose combination of curcumin (100, 50, 25 mg/kg, p...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449595/pharmaceutical-perspectives-of-spices-and-condiments-as-alternative-antimicrobial-remedy
#7
Savita P D'Souza, Suvarna V Chavannavar, B Kanchanashri, S B Niveditha
Medicinal values of spices and condiments are being revived by biologists through in vitro and in vivo trials providing evidence for its antimicrobial activities. The essential oils and extracts of spices like black pepper, cloves, cinnamon, and nutmeg contain active compounds like piperine, eugenol, cinnamaldehyde, and lignans. Similarly, condiments like coriander, black cumin, turmeric, garlic, and ginger are recognized for constituents like linalool, thymoquinones, curcumin, allicin, and geranial respectively...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427563/neuroinflammation-in-alzheimer-s-disease-the-preventive-and-therapeutic-potential-of-polyphenolic-nutraceuticals
#8
Yousef Sawikr, Nagendra Sastry Yarla, Ilaria Peluso, Mohammad Amjad Kamal, Gjumrakch Aliev, Anupam Bishayee
Brain inflammation, characterized by increased microglia and astrocyte activation, increases during aging and is a key feature of neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). In AD, neuronal death and synaptic impairment, induced by amyloid-β (Aβ) peptide, are at least in part mediated by microglia and astrocyte activation. Glial activation results in the sustained production of proinflammatory cytokines and reactive oxygen species, giving rise to a chronic inflammatory process. Astrocytes are the most abundant glial cells in the central nervous system and are involved in the neuroinflammation...
2017: Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413973/docking-related-survey-on-natural-product-based-new-monoamine-oxidase-inhibitors-and-their-therapeutic-potential
#9
Priyanka Dhiman, Neelam Malik, Anurag Khatkar
This is an exciting period for research on monoamine oxidase and its effects on central nervous system. As the current hitting-one-target therapeutic strategy has become quite inefficient for the treatment of various neurological disorders. The objective of this review is to identify and critically discuss the computational development of multi-target natural and related ligand-MAO protein docking approaches in the study of monoamine oxidase (MAO) enzymes. Computational development of the new compounds form natural and related synthetic origin, active as MAO inhibitors (MAOIs) were discussed in some detail...
April 14, 2017: Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344463/curcumin-and-piperine-supplementation-and-recovery-following-exercise-induced-muscle-damage-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Barthélémy Delecroix, Abd Elbasset Abaïdia, Cédric Leduc, Brian Dawson, Grégory Dupont
The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of oral consumption of curcumin and piperine in combination on the recovery kinetics after exercise-induced muscle damage. Forty-eight hours before and following exercise-induced muscle damage, ten elite rugby players consumed curcumin and piperine (experimental condition) or placebo. A randomized cross-over design was performed. Concentric and isometric peak torque for the knee extensors, one leg 6 seconds sprint performance on a non-motorized treadmill, counter movement jump performance, blood creatine kinase concentration and muscle soreness were assessed immediately after exercise, then at 24h, 48h and 72h post-exercise...
March 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314475/pharmacokinetic-based-study-on-lagged-stimulation-of-curcumae-longae-rhizoma-piper-nigrum-couplet-in-their-main-active-components-metabolism-using-uplc-ms-ms
#11
Zhao Chen, Dongmei Sun, Xiaoli Bi, Xiaohui Zeng, Wenhui Luo, Dake Cai, Qiaohuang Zeng, Aili Xu
BACKGROUND: Curcumae Longae Rhizoma is one of the commonly used traditional Chinese medicines, which has multiple biological activities such as relieving stagnation and stasis, pain alleviation, curing amenorrhea and wounds. However, its main active component-curcumin has poor absorption and very fast metabolism in body. To solve this problem, Piper nigrum was introduced for its ability to strengthen bioavailability of other compounds. PURPOSE: In most cases of TCM couplets, all ingredients were prepared and taken simultaneously, which in our opinion did not take full advantage of their interactions...
April 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123572/solid-lipid-nanoparticles-with-tpgs-and-brij-78-a-co-delivery-vehicle-of-curcumin-and-piperine-for-reversing-p-glycoprotein-mediated-multidrug-resistance-in-vitro
#12
Jingling Tang, Hongyu Ji, Jinmei Ren, Mengting Li, Nannan Zheng, Linhua Wu
Multidrug resistance (MDR) is a main clinical hurdle for chemotherapy of cancer, and overexpression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is a key factor. In the present study, a new co-delivery system for reversing MDR was designed and developed. The system was composed of curcumin (Cur) and piperine (Pip) encapsulated in solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) with tocopheryl polyethylene glycol succinate (TPGS) and Brij 78 [(Cur+Pip)-SLNs]. TPGS and Brij 78 could sensitize MDR tumors by inhibiting the P-gp drug efflux system...
January 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117414/piperine-regulates-ucp1-through-the-ampk-pathway-by-generating-intracellular-lactate-production-in-muscle-cells
#13
Nami Kim, Miso Nam, Mi Sun Kang, Jung Ok Lee, Yong Woo Lee, Geum-Sook Hwang, Hyeon Soo Kim
This study characterizes the human metabolic response to piperine, a curcumin extract, and the details of its underlying molecular mechanism. Using (1)H-NMR-based metabolome analysis, we showed the metabolic effect of piperine on skeletal muscle and found that piperine increased the level of intracellular lactate, an important metabolic intermediate that controls expression of several genes involved in mitochondrial activity. Piperine also induced the phosphorylation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and its downstream target, acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC), while additionally stimulating glucose uptake in an AMPK dependent manner...
January 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882569/selective-reduction-in-the-expression-of-ugts-and-sults-a-novel-mechanism-by-which-piperine-enhances-the-bioavailability-of-curcumin-in-rat
#14
Xiaohui Zeng, Dake Cai, Qiaohuang Zeng, Zhao Chen, Guoping Zhong, Juncheng Zhuo, Haining Gan, Xuejun Huang, Ziming Zhao, Nan Yao, Dane Huang, Chengzhe Zhang, Dongmei Sun, Yuxing Chen
Curcumin (CUR) is known to exert numerous health-promoting effects in pharmacological studies, but its low bioavailability hinders the development of curcumin as a feasible therapeutic agent. Piperine (PIP) has been reported to enhance the bioavailability of curcumin, but the underlying mechanism remains poorly understood. In an attempt to find the mechanism by which piperine enhances the bioavailability of curcumin, the dosage ratio (CUR: PIP) and pre-treatment with piperine were hypothesized as key factors for improving the bioavailability in this combination...
January 2017: Biopharmaceutics & Drug Disposition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853890/neuroprotective-potential-of-curcumin-in-combination-with-piperine-against-6-hydroxy-dopamine-induced-motor-deficit-and-neurochemical-alterations-in-rats
#15
Shamsher Singh, Puneet Kumar
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: 6-hydroxy dopamine (6-OHDA) is a neurotoxin which on intranigral administration produces severe nigrostriatal damage with motor and cognitive deficit in animals. Curcumin (CMN) in combination with bioenhancer piperine (PP) in 6-hydroxydopamine-induced Parkinsonian rats was used to investigate the antioxidant, neuromodulatory and neuroprotective mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hemi-Parkinson's rat model was developed with intranigral infusion of 6-OHDA (8 μg/2 μl, once, unilaterally), treatment with CMN (25 and 50 mg/kg) and combination of PP (2...
February 2017: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821437/curcumin-piperine-and-capsaicin-a-comparative-study-of-spice-mediated-inhibition-of-human-cytochrome-p450-isozyme-activities
#16
Suhaili Shamsi, Huong Tran, Renee Seok Jin Tan, Zee Jian Tan, Lee Yong Lim
Inhibition of cytochrome P450 (P450) enzymes (CYP) has been shown to lower the metabolism of drugs that are P450 substrates and to consequently alter their pharmacokinetic profiles. Curcumin (CUR), piperine (PIP), and capsaicin (CAP) are spice components (SC) that inhibit the activities of a range of P450 enzymes, but the selection of which SC to be prioritized for further development as an adjuvant will depend on the ranking order of the inhibitory potential of the SCs on specific P450 isozymes. We used common human recombinant enzyme platforms to provide a comparative evaluation of the inhibitory activities of CUR, PIP, and CAP on the principal drug-metabolizing P450 enzymes...
January 2017: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642670/delivery-of-dual-drug-loaded-lipid-based-nanoparticles-across-the-blood-brain-barrier-impart-enhanced-neuroprotection-in-a-rotenone-induced-mouse-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#17
Paromita Kundu, Manasi Das, Kalpalata Tripathy, Sanjeeb K Sahoo
Parkinson's disease (PD) is the most widespread form of dementia where there is an age related degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra region of the brain. Accumulation of α-synuclein (αS) protein aggregate, mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative stress, and neuronal cell death are the pathological hallmarks of PD. In this context, amalgamation of curcumin and piperine having profound cognitive properties, and antioxidant activity seems beneficial. However, the blood-brain barrier (BBB) is the major impediment for delivery of neurotherapeutics to the brain...
December 21, 2016: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638428/curcumin-the-golden-nutraceutical-multitargeting-for-multiple-chronic-diseases
#18
REVIEW
Ajaikumar B Kunnumakkara, Devivasha Bordoloi, Ganesan Padmavathi, Javadi Monisha, Nand Kishor Roy, Sahdeo Prasad, Bharat B Aggarwal
Curcumin, a yellow pigment in the Indian spice Turmeric (Curcuma longa), which is chemically known as diferuloylmethane, was first isolated exactly two centuries ago in 1815 by two German Scientists, Vogel and Pelletier. However, according to the pubmed database, the first study on its biological activity as an antibacterial agent was published in 1949 in Nature and the first clinical trial was reported in The Lancet in 1937. Although the current database indicates almost 9000 publications on curcumin, until 1990 there were less than 100 papers published on this nutraceutical...
June 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529277/spices-for-prevention-and-treatment-of-cancers
#19
REVIEW
Jie Zheng, Yue Zhou, Ya Li, Dong-Ping Xu, Sha Li, Hua-Bin Li
Spices have been widely used as food flavorings and folk medicines for thousands of years. Numerous studies have documented the antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects of spices, which might be related to prevention and treatment of several cancers, including lung, liver, breast, stomach, colorectum, cervix, and prostate cancers. Several spices are potential sources for prevention and treatment of cancers, such as Curcuma longa (tumeric), Nigella sativa (black cumin), Zingiber officinale (ginger), Allium sativum (garlic), Crocus sativus (saffron), Piper nigrum (black pepper) and Capsicum annum (chili pepper), which contained several important bioactive compounds, such as curcumin, thymoquinone, piperine and capsaicin...
August 12, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27343476/influence-of-piperine-and-quercetin-on-antidiabetic-potential-of-curcumin
#20
Ginpreet Kaur, Mihir Invally, Meena Chintamaneni
BACKGROUND: Curcumin is a nutraceutical obtained from the rhizomes of Curcuma longa with a significant medicinal value against numerous disorders. However, the potential cannot be completely exploited due to low in vivo bioavailability. Hence, in order to enhance the bioavailability of curcumin, we combined it with the bioavailability enhancers like piperine and quercetin. METHODS: The present study was targeted to explore the antidiabetic potential of combinatorial extract of curcumin with piperine and quercetin (CPQ) in streptozotocin- and nicotinamide-induced diabetic rats...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
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