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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630624/evaluation-of-the-loading-unloading-and-permanent-deformation-of-newly-available-epoxy-resin-coated-ni-ti-wires-using-self-ligating-brackets
#1
Hazel Garro-Piña, María Cristina Jiménez-Cervantes, Ricardo Ondarza-Rovira, Roberto Justus, Salvador García-López
AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the load and unload deflection and permanent deformation of round 0.016'' and rectangular 0.016'' × 0.022'' regular and coated Ni-Ti wires. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ni-Ti archwires produced by two manufacturers were evaluated. Both regular and coated round and rectangular Ni-Ti wire segments (n = 15) from each group were submitted to a three-point bending test. Both types of wires were evaluated for permanent deformation at the end of a recovery cycle...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619399/rural-urban-differences-in-trends-in-the-wealth-index-in-kenya-1993-2009
#2
Leonard E Egede, Delia Voronca, Rebekah J Walker, Craig Thomas
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to construct a wealth index that could be compared over time in order to understand the trends in wealth in Kenya and determine predictors of change in wealth index. METHODS: Data were from the Demographic and Health Survey program collected in Kenya between 1993 and 2009. Variable categories were collapsed to match and factor analysis was performed on the 4-year pooled data to generate a harmonized wealth index. Possible predictors of wealth were selected from household variables available for all 4 years...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618294/focused-high-resolution-sonography-of-the-suprascapular-nerve-a-simple-surrogate-marker-for-neuralgic-amyotrophy
#3
Leonhard Gruber, Alexander Loizides, Wolfgang Löscher, Bernhard Glodny, Hannes Gruber
OBJECTIVES: To define the diagnostic value of high-resolution ultrasound (HRUS) of the suprascapular nerve (SSN) in the diagnosis of neuralgic amyotrophy (NA). METHODS: The cross-section areas (CSA) of the SSN at the C5 root (CSA1) and the omohyoid muscle in the midclavicular line (CSA2) were assessed bilaterally in 15 healthy volunteers and 14 patients with clinically and electrophysiologically verified NA. Receiver-operator-characteristics (ROC) curves were generated and cut-off values, sensitivity, specificity, positive (PPV) and negative predictive values (NPV), likelihood (LR) and odds ratios (OR) were calculated...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616934/temporal-trends-in-the-prevalence-and-incidence-of-diagnosed-adhd-in-children-and-young-adults-between-1999-and-2012-in-canada-a-data-linkage-study
#4
Helen-Maria Vasiliadis, Fatoumata Binta Diallo, Louis Rochette, Mark Smith, Donald Langille, Elizabeth Lin, Steve Kisely, Eric Fombonne, Angus H Thompson, Johanne Renaud, Alain Lesage
OBJECTIVE: There is a need for the routine monitoring of treated attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) for timely policy making. The objective is to report and assess over a decade the prevalence and incidence of diagnosed ADHD in Canada. METHODS: Administrative linked patient data from the provinces of Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, and Nova Scotia were obtained from the same sources as the Canadian Chronic Diseases Surveillance Systems to assess the prevalence and incidence of a primary physician diagnosis of ADHD ( ICD-9 and ICD-10 codes: 314, F90...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607654/qualitative-thallium-urinary-assays-are-almost-as-valuable-as-quantitative-tests-implication-for-outpatient-settings-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#5
Amir Ghaderi, Hamid Reza Banafshe, Soroor Khodabandehlo, Fateme Mehrzad, Omid Mehrpour, Reza Afshari
BACKGROUND: Thallium (Tl), lead and steroid exposures were reported as a result of street drug consumption such as heroin and cocaine. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the values of qualitative and quantitative assays for detecting Tl as an adulterant in opioid-like compound drug users. METHODS: This case-control study was conducted throughout a specified time bracket ranging from May 2015 to November 2015 in Imam Reza Hospital, Mashhad, Iran...
April 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607082/interface-induced-multiferroism-by-design-in-complex-oxide-superlattices
#6
Hangwen Guo, Zhen Wang, Shuai Dong, Saurabh Ghosh, Mohammad Saghayezhian, Lina Chen, Yakui Weng, Andreas Herklotz, Thomas Z Ward, Rongying Jin, Sokrates T Pantelides, Yimei Zhu, Jiandi Zhang, E W Plummer
Interfaces between materials present unique opportunities for the discovery of intriguing quantum phenomena. Here, we explore the possibility that, in the case of superlattices, if one of the layers is made ultrathin, unexpected properties can be induced between the two bracketing interfaces. We pursue this objective by combining advanced growth and characterization techniques with theoretical calculations. Using prototype La2/3Sr1/3MnO3 (LSMO)/BaTiO3 (BTO) superlattices, we observe a structural evolution in the LSMO layers as a function of thickness...
June 12, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597834/-magnetic-resonance-imaging-artefacts-and-fixed-orthodontic-attachments
#7
Aurélien Beau, Denis Bossard, Sarah Gebeile-Chauty
OBJECTIVES: Orthodontic appliances are often removed before magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans because they are known to produce artefacts. The purpose of this study was to find the exact indications for removal of various fixed attachments when imaging four specific areas of the head and neck. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty patients requiring an MRI scan of the head for medical reasons volunteered for this investigation. One of four different types of fixed attachments (stainless steel brackets, titanium brackets, ceramic brackets with metal slots, and stainless steel retainers) were assigned to a patient...
June 2017: L' Orthodontie Française
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594876/discretionary-decisions-and-disparities-in-receiving-drug-eluting-stents-under-a-universal-healthcare-system-a-population-based-study
#8
Raymond N Kuo, Chao-Lun Lai, Yi-Chun Yeh, Mei-Shu Lai
OBJECTIVES: One of the main objectives behind the expansion of insurance coverage is to eliminate disparities in health and healthcare. However, researchers have not yet fully elucidated the reasons for disparities in the use of high-cost treatments among patients of different occupations. Furthermore, it remains unknown whether discretionary decisions made at the hospital level have an impact on the administration of high-cost interventions in a universal healthcare system. This study investigated the adoption of drug-eluting stents (DES) versus bare metal-stents (BMS) among patients in different occupations and income levels, with the aim of gauging the degree to which the inclination of health providers toward treatment options could affect treatment choices at the patient-level within a universal healthcare system...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591204/feeding-toxicity-and-impact-of-imidacloprid-formulation-and-mixtures-with-six-representative-pesticides-at-residue-concentrations-on-honey-bee-physiology-apis-mellifera
#9
Yu Cheng Zhu, Jianxiu Yao, John Adamczyk, Randall Luttrell
Imidacloprid is the most widely used insecticide in agriculture. In this study, we used feeding methods to simulate in-hive exposures of formulated imidacloprid (Advise® 2FL) alone and mixtures with six representative pesticides for different classes. Advise, fed at 4.3 mg/L (equal to maximal residue detection of 912 ppb active ingredient [a.i.] in pollen) induced 36% mortality and 56% feeding suppression after 2-week feeding. Treatments with individual Bracket (acephate), Karate (λ-cyhalothrin), Vydate (oxamyl), Domark (tetraconazole), and Roundup (glyphosate) at residue level had a mortality range of 1...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590165/the-complex-relationship-between-household-income-of-family-caregivers-access-to-palliative-care-services-and-place-of-death-a-national-household-population-survey
#10
Miriam J Johnson, Victoria Allgar, Hong Chen, Laurie Dunn, Una Macleod, David C Currow
BACKGROUND: Previous work shows that more affluent patients with cancer are more likely to die at home, whereas those dying from non-cancer conditions are more likely to die in hospital. Family caregivers are an important factor in determining place of death. AIM: To investigate associations between family caregivers' household income, patients' access to specialist palliative care and place of patients' death, by level of personal end-of-life care. DESIGN: A cross-sectional community household population survey...
June 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588403/dispersionless-3-1-dimensional-integrable-hierarchies
#11
Maciej Błaszak, Artur Sergyeyev
In this paper, we introduce a multi-dimensional version of the R-matrix approach to the construction of integrable hierarchies. Applying this method to the case of the Lie algebra of functions with respect to the contact bracket, we construct integrable hierarchies of (3+1)-dimensional dispersionless systems of the type recently introduced in Sergyeyev (2014 (http://arxiv.org/abs/1401.2122)).
May 2017: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587654/determinants-of-self-perceived-health-for-canadians-aged-40-and-older-and-policy-implications
#12
William Ian Andrew Bonner, Robert Weiler, Rotimi Orisatoki, Xinya Lu, Mustafa Andkhoie, Dana Ramsay, Mohsen Yaghoubi, Megan Steeves, Michael Szafron, Marwa Farag
BACKGROUND: Perceived health status indicates people's overall perception of their health, including both physical and psychological dimensions. The aim of this study was to examine the determinants of self-perceived health for Canadians aged 40 and older using data from the Canadian Community Health Survey (2010). METHODS: Multiple logistic regression models were employed to identify factors associated with self-perceived health in two age groups: Adults aged 65+ and Adults aged 40-64...
June 6, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585322/semiparametric-regression-analysis-of-failure-time-data-with-dependent-interval-censoring
#13
Chyong-Mei Chen, Pao-Sheng Shen
Interval-censored failure-time data arise when subjects are examined or observed periodically such that the failure time of interest is not examined exactly but only known to be bracketed between two adjacent observation times. The commonly used approaches assume that the examination times and the failure time are independent or conditionally independent given covariates. In many practical applications, patients who are already in poor health or have a weak immune system before treatment usually tend to visit physicians more often after treatment than those with better health or immune system...
June 5, 2017: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584518/an-investigation-into-a-gear-based-knee-joint-designed-for-lower-limb-prosthesis
#14
M S H Bhuiyan, I A Choudhury, M Dahari, Y Nukman, S Z Dawal
A gear-based knee joint is designed to improve the performance of mechanical-type above-knee prostheses. The gear set with the help of some bracing, and bracket arrangement, is used to enable the prosthesis to follow the residual limb movement. The motion analysis and finite-element analysis (FEA) of knee joint components are carried out to assess the feasibility of the design. The maximum stress of 29.74 MPa and maximum strain of 2.393e-004 are obtained in the gear, whereas the maximum displacement of 7...
2017: Applied Bionics and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582416/jnsviewer-a-javascript-based-nucleotide-sequence-viewer-for-dna-rna-secondary-structures
#15
Jieming Shi, Xi Li, Min Dong, Mitchell Graham, Nehul Yadav, Chun Liang
Many tools are available for visualizing RNA or DNA secondary structures, but there is scarce implementation in JavaScript that provides seamless integration with the increasingly popular web computational platforms. We have developed JNSViewer, a highly interactive web service, which is bundled with several popular tools for DNA/RNA secondary structure prediction and can provide precise and interactive correspondence among nucleotides, dot-bracket data, secondary structure graphs, and genic annotations. In JNSViewer, users can perform RNA secondary structure predictions with different programs and settings, add customized genic annotations in GFF format to structure graphs, search for specific linear motifs, and extract relevant structure graphs of sub-sequences...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580541/decalcification-prevention-around-orthodontic-brackets-bonded-to-bleached-enamel-using-different-topical-agents
#16
Ferial Ahmed Msallam, Mohammed El-Awady Grawish, Ahmad Mohammed Hafez, Yasser Lotfy Abdelnaby
BACKGROUND: The present study was conducted to evaluate the effect of different topical agents utilized for prevention of enamel decalcification around orthodontic brackets bonded to bleached and non-bleached enamel. METHODS: Human maxillary premolars (n = 120) were divided into two equal groups. Teeth in group I were left without bleaching while those in group II were bleached with Vivastyle gel. Metal brackets were bonded to all the teeth using light-cured adhesive...
December 2017: Progress in Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577487/modeling-pesticide-diuron-loading-from-the-san-joaquin-watershed-into-the-sacramento-san-joaquin-delta-using-swat
#17
Huajin Chen, Yuzhou Luo, Christopher Potter, Patrick J Moran, Michael L Grieneisen, Minghua Zhang
Quantifying pesticide loading into the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta of northern California is critical for water quality management in the region, and potentially useful for biological weed control planning. In this study, the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) was applied to model streamflow, sediment, and pesticide diuron loading in the San Joaquin watershed, a major contributing area to the elevated pesticide levels in the downstream Delta. The Sequential Uncertainty Fitting version 2 (SUFI-2) algorithm was employed to perform calibration and uncertainty analysis...
May 16, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576038/the-effect-of-ph-fluoride-and-tribocorrosion-on-the-surface-properties-of-dental-archwires
#18
Petra Močnik, Tadeja Kosec, Janez Kovač, Milan Bizjak
Nickel-titanium and stainless steel are the most commonly used alloys for orthodontic treatments. Even though both are known to be resistant to corrosion, there are circumstances that can lead to undesired situations, like localized types of corrosion attack, wear during sliding of an archwire though brackets and breakdowns due to iatrogenic causes. The aim of this research was to analyse the influence of environmental effects on the corrosion and tribocorrosion properties of NiTi and stainless steel dental alloys...
September 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571259/comparative-evaluation-of-two-bis-gma-based-orthodontic-bonding-adhesives-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Christine Samantha, Shantha Sundari, Shyamala Chandrasekhar, Gautham Sivamurty, Saravana Dinesh
INTRODUCTION: Of the various orthodontic bonding materials, orthofix is a fairly new entrant into this field. This material was exclusively introduced for orthodontic bonding purposes; however, the application of this material for orthodontic purpose has not been scientifically evaluated so far. AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate by an in-vivo double blinded split mouth rando mized clinical trial, the overall bond failure rates of two Bis-GMA based composite materials namely Transbond XT and Orthofix...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566855/assessment-of-bracket-surface-morphology-and-dimensional-change
#20
Pillai Devu Radhakrishnan, N K Sapna Varma, V V Ajith
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the surface morphology and dimensional stability of the bracket slot at the onset of treatment and after 12 months of intraoral exposure. The study also compared the amount of calcium at the bracket base which indicates enamel loss among the three orthodontic brackets following debonding after 12 months of intraoral exposure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample consisted of 60 (0.022" MBT) canine brackets. They were divided into three groups: self-ligating, ceramic bracket with metal slot, and stainless steel (SS) brackets...
January 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
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