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Eugene Mazimpaka, Francis Mbuza, Tukei Michael, Eugene N Gatari, E M Bukenya, Okwee-Acai James
A study was conducted to characterize the cattle production systems in Nyagatare District, Eastern Province of Rwanda using pre-tested questionnaires, interviews with key informants as well as focus group discussions in a period of 2 months. The respondents were selected by multi-stage sampling at sector and cell levels. Based on the procedure of Krejcie and Morgan (Educational and Psychological Measurement 30:607-610, 1970) to determine the overall sample size, the result indicated that the majority (98.3%) of farms were privately owned by large families of five to seven members, and most farmers (53...
August 19, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
D Zhang, L C Wang, Y H Zhou, X M Liu, J Li
OBJECTIVE: This study was based on digital orthodontic diagnosis work flow for indirect bonding transfer tray model design and three-dimensional (3D) printing, and the aim of this paper was to inspect the dimensional accuracyof 3D printed brackets, which is the foundation of the follow up work and hoped that will illuminate the clinical application of the digital orthodontics work flow. METHODS: The samples which consisted of 14 cases of patients with malocclusion from Department of Orthodontics Peking University were selected, including 8 cases with tooth extraction and 6 cases without tooth extraction...
August 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
K Sridharan, Shailesh Sandbhor, U B Rajasekaran, George Sam, M Mohamed Ramees, Esther A Abraham
AIM: The purpose of this research is to compare the frictional attributes of stainless steel conventional brackets and self-ligating stainless steel brackets with different dimensions of archwires. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The test was carried with two sets of maxillary brackets: (1) Conventional stainless steel (Victory Series), (2) stainless steel self-ligating (SmartClip) without first premolar brackets. Stainless steel, nickel-titanium (NiTi), and beta-Ti which are the types of orthodontic wire alloys were tested in this study...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Ryan M Carey, Arjun K Parasher, Alan D Workman, Carol H Yan, Jordan T Glicksman, Jinbo Chen, James N Palmer, Nithin D Adappa, Jason G Newman, Jason A Brant
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To examine sociodemographic, hospital-specific, and disease-related characteristics in relation to outcomes in sinonasal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). STUDY DESIGN: The National Cancer Database was queried for location codes corresponding to the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses and histology codes representing SCC malignancy. Multivariate analyses were performed against short- and long-term outcomes (overall survival, days to discharge, 30-day readmission, and 30- and 90-day mortality)...
August 16, 2017: Laryngoscope
Andrea S Fogarty, Michael Spurrier, Michael J Player, Kay Wilhelm, Erin L Whittle, Fiona Shand, Helen Christensen, Judith Proudfoot
BACKGROUND: Men generally have higher rates of suicide, despite fewer overt indicators of risk. Differences in presentation and response suggest a need to better understand why suicide prevention is less effective for men. OBJECTIVE: To explore the views of at-risk men, friends and family about the tensions inherent in suicide prevention and to consider how prevention may be improved. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of qualitative interview and focus group data, using thematic analysis techniques, alongside bracketing, construction and contextualisation...
August 14, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
Daniel Celli, Lorenza Catalfamo, Enrico Gasperoni, Roberto Deli
An original straightwire appliance was developed in order to easily adapt force and friction to the different stages and needs of treatment. The appliance features: (1) conventional brackets with a 0.020×0.030″ slot in the anterior area, passive self-ligating brackets with a 0.022×0.030″ slot in the lateral area, and tubes with a 0.022×0.030″ slot in the molar area; (2) archwires which adapt to the different stages of treatment and increase their section and stiffness progressively, starting with 0...
August 9, 2017: International Orthodontics
Jinchuan Hu, Christopher P Selby, Sheera Adar, Ogun Adebali, Aziz Sancar
Nucleotide excision repair is a major DNA repair mechanism in all cellular organisms. In this repair system the DNA damage is removed by concerted dual incisions bracketing the damage and at precise distance from the damage. Here, we review the basic mechanisms of excision repair in E.coli and humans and the recent genome-wide mapping of DNA damage and repair in these organisms at single-nucleotide resolution.
August 10, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Yara Oweis, Omar Alageel, Paige Kozak, Mohamed-Nur Abdallah, Jean-Marc Retrouvey, Marta Cerruti, Faleh Tamimi
OBJECTIVE: Composite resins do not adhere well to dental alloys. This weak bond can result in failure at the composite-metal interface in fixed dental prostheses and orthodontic brackets. The aim of this study was to develop a new adhesive, based on diazonium chemistry, to facilitate chemical bonding between dental alloys and composite resin. METHODS: Samples of two types of dental alloys, stainless steel and cobalt chromium were primed with a diazonium layer in order to create a surface coating favorable for composite adhesion...
August 7, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Tiago N Munhoz, Iná S Santos, Bruno P Nunes, Christian Loret de Mola, Inácio Crochemore Mohnsam da Silva, Alicia Matijasevich
The aim of this study was to evaluate the trend in alcohol abuse in Brazil from 2006 to 2013 according to demographic, socioeconomic, and regional characteristics. This was an analysis of cross-sectional studies (VIGITEL, the Risk and Protective Factors Surveillance for Chronic Non-Communicable Diseases through Telephone Interview) that evaluated the Brazilian adult population (≥ 18 years) in the country's state capitals. Sampling was two-stage probabilistic (telephone line and adult resident). Alcohol abuse was defined as ≥ 5 drinks for men and ≥ 4 drinks for women on a single occasion, at least once in the 30 days prior to the interview...
August 7, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Yoshifumi Tada, Tohru Hayakawa, Yoshiki Nakamura
Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) is now attracting attention as an alternative to metal alloys in the dental field. In the present study, we evaluated the load-deflection characteristics of PEEK wires in addition to their frictional properties. Three types of PEEK wires are used: two sizes of rectangular shape, 0.016 × 0.022 in² and 0.019 × 0.025 in² (19-25PEEK), and rounded shape, diameter 0.016 in (16PEEK). As a control, Ni-Ti orthodontic wire, diameter 0.016 in, was used. The three-point bending properties were evaluated in a modified three-point bending system for orthodontics...
August 9, 2017: Materials
Seungjae Lee, Jaeseong Park, Euishin Kwak, Sudeok Shon, Changhoon Kang, Hosoon Choi
Modular systems have been mostly researched in relatively low-rise structures but, lately, their applications to mid- to high-rise structures began to be reviewed, and research interest in new modularization subjects has increased. The application of modular systems to mid- to high-rise structures requires the structural stability of the frame and connections that consist of units, and the evaluation of the stiffness of structures that are combined in units. However, the combination of general units causes loss of the cross-section of columns or beams, resulting in low seismic performance and hindering installation works in the field...
March 6, 2017: Materials
Seon Mi Byeon, Min Ho Lee, Tae Sung Bae
As the proportion of adult orthodontic treatment increases, mainly for aesthetic reasons, orthodontic brackets are directly attached to yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal (Y-TZP) restorations. This, study analyzed the shear bond strength (SBS) between various surface treated Y-TZP and orthodontic metal brackets. The Y-TZP specimens were conditioned by 110 μm Al₂O₃ sandblasting, or sandblasting followed by coating with one of the primers (silane, MDP, or an MDP-containing silane primer). After surface treatment, the orthodontic metal bracket was bonded to the specimen using a resin cement, and then 24 h storage in water and thermal cycling (5000 cycles, 5-55 °C), SBS was measured...
February 9, 2017: Materials
Jinghua Ye, Tao Hong, Yuanyuan Wu, Li Wu, Yinhong Liao, Huacheng Zhu, Yang Yang, Kama Huang
Microwaves have been widely used in the treatment of materials, such as heating, drying, and sterilization. However, the heating in the commonly used microwave applicators is usually uneven. In this paper, a novel multi-material turntable structure is creatively proposed to improve the temperature uniformity in microwave ovens. Three customized turntables consisting of polyethylene (PE) and alumina, PE and aluminum, and alumina and aluminum are, respectively, utilized in a domestic microwave oven in simulation...
January 24, 2017: Materials
Misbah Ghous, Arshad Nawaz Malik, Mian Imran Amjad, Maria Kanwal
Stroke is one of most disabling condition which directly affects quality of life. The objective of this study was to compare the effect of activity repetition training with salat (prayer) versus task oriented training on functional outcomes of stroke. The study design was randomized control trial and 32 patients were randomly assigned into two groups'. The stroke including infarction or haemorrhagic, age bracket 30-70 years was included. The demographics were recorded and standardized assessment tool included Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Motor assessment scale (MAS) and Time Up and Go Test (TUG)...
July 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Guilherme P Ramos, Fábio Y Nakamura, Eduardo M Penna, Carolina Franco Wilke, Lucas A Pereira, Irineu Loturco, Luciano Capelli, Fábio Mahseredjian, Emerson Silami-Garcia, Cândido C Coimbra
The aim of this study was to compare locomotor activity profiles of Brazilian top-class female soccer players competing at distinct age brackets (U17, U20, and Senior). External match load of 14 U17, 14 U20, and 17 Senior female soccer players competing in 6-7 full official international matches were assessed using global positioning systems (GPS). Total distance covered, distance covered in high intensity (HID:15.6-20 kmh), distance covered in sprints (sprint:>20 kmh), number of accelerations (Acc)>1 ms, decelerations (Dec) >-1 ms, and Player Load generally increased across the age brackets (U17<U20<Senior)...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Megha Jain, Matrishva Vyas, Johar Rajvinder Singh
INTRODUCTION: It has been postulated that crown angulation and inclination has potential space implication within the arch. With the insight of space implication of the axial relations of teeth, cases of genuine tooth size discrepancies can be dealt with improved stability. AIM: This in vitro study was designed to investigate and quantify the influence of angulation and inclination of maxillary incisors on the effective arch perimeter. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Acrylic teeth were arranged over typhodont frame with spaced maxillary anterior segment...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Marion Godard, Benjamin Deuve, Isabelle Lopez, Marie-Pascale Hippolyte, Stéphane Barthélemi
AIM: The present study assessed a fracture analysis and compared the shear bond strength (SBS) of two 2-step etch-and-rinse (E&R) adhesives when bonding ceramic orthodontic brackets to bovine enamel. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty healthy bovine mandibular incisors were selected and were equally and randomly assigned to 2 experimental groups. Ceramic brackets (FLI Signature Clear(®), RMO) were bonded onto bovine enamel using an adhesive system. In group 1 (n=15), the conventional E&R adhesive (OrthoSolo(®)+Enlight(®), Ormco) was used, and in group 2 (n=15), the new E&R adhesive limited to ceramic bracket bonding (FLI ceramic adhesive(®): FLI sealant resin(®)+FLI adhesive paste(®), RMO) was used...
July 26, 2017: International Orthodontics
Afaf Houb-Dine, Loubna Bahije, Youssef Oualalou, Hicham Benyahia, Fatima Zaoui
INTRODUCTION: In the current state of our knowledge, the effects of corrosion on the performance of orthodontic appliances and on patient health are far from clear. Awareness of these problems has led to a growing demand for nickel-free products. Titanium brackets were recently launched on the market as an alternative to stainless-steel brackets. However, the use of fluorides for caries prevention creates a risk of corrosion of these titanium appliances. The aim of this study is to examine the corrosion of stainless-steel and titanium brackets in clinical orthodontic use, focusing on the impact of fluorine...
July 26, 2017: International Orthodontics
David W White, Katie C Julien, Helder Jacob, Phillip M Campbell, Peter H Buschang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate differences in discomfort levels between patients treated with aligners and traditional fixed orthodontic appliances. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This blinded, prospective, randomized equivalence two-arm parallel trial allocated 41 adult Class I nonextraction patients to either traditional fixed appliance (6 males and 12 females) or aligner (11 males and 12 females) treatment. Patients completed daily discomfort diaries following their initial treatment appointment, after 1 month and after 2 months...
July 28, 2017: Angle Orthodontist
E W Penning, R H J Peerlings, J D M Govers, R J Rischen, K Zinad, E M Bronkhorst, K H Breuning, A M Kuijpers-Jagtman
This randomized controlled trial aimed to evaluate the duration and outcome quality of orthodontic treatment with a customized fixed appliance system versus a noncustomized system. Patients ( n = 180) were randomized and received orthodontic treatment with the Insignia customized orthodontic system or the Damon Q noncustomized orthodontic system. The allocation sequence was concealed using identical, sequentially numbered, opaque, sealed envelopes. Patients with nonextraction treatment plans were treated by 2 equally experienced orthodontists...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
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