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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932811/a-pilot-study-of-the-gingival-response-when-smokers-switch-from-smoking-to-vaping
#1
R Wadia, V Booth, H F Yap, D L Moyes
Introduction Tobacco smoking is one of the most important risk factors for periodontitis as it alters the host response to plaque. Although the prevalence of tobacco smoking has declined in recent years, the use of electronic-cigarettes (vaping) has increased. The effect of vaping on the gingiva is unknown and an evidence-base needs to be established before providing dental advice about the use of these products.Objective To compare the gingival health of a group of established smokers before and after substituting vaping for smoking tobacco...
December 9, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930577/crosstalk-between-oral-and-general-health-status-in-e-smokers
#2
Marco Tatullo, Stefano Gentile, Francesco Paduano, Luigi Santacroce, Massimo Marrelli
Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) simulates the act of tobacco smoking by vaporizing a mixture of propylene glycol, nicotine, and flavoring agents. e-cigarette has been proposed as a product able to aid to stop smoking. The aim of the study is to verify the clinical variations of periodontal health induced by e-cigarettes use and, moreover, to investigate about the awareness of the e-smokers about their health variations and about their hypothetical need to turn back to smoke combustible cigarettes.This clinical observational pilot study involved 110 out of 350 smokers, who switched to e-cigarette...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928577/e-cigarette-use-among-youth-and-young-adults-a-major-public-health-concern
#3
Vivek H Murthy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924817/in-vitro-human-epidermal-permeation-of-nicotine-from-electronic-cigarette-refill-liquids-and-implications-for-dermal-exposure-assessment
#4
H Frederick Frasch, Ana M Barbero
Nicotine plus flavorings in a propylene glycol (PG) vehicle are the components of electronic cigarette liquids (e-liquids), which are vaporized and inhaled by the user. Dermal exposure to nicotine and e-liquids may occur among workers in mixing and filling of e-cigarettes in the manufacturing process. Inadvertent skin contact among consumers is also a concern. In vitro nicotine permeation studies using heat-separated human epidermis were performed with surrogate and two commercial e-liquids, neat and aqueous nicotine donor formulations...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914771/overview-of-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Allison M Glasser, Lauren Collins, Jennifer L Pearson, Haneen Abudayyeh, Raymond S Niaura, David B Abrams, Andrea C Villanti
CONTEXT: Rapid developments in e-cigarettes, or electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS), and the evolution of the overall tobacco product marketplace warrant frequent evaluation of the published literature. The purpose of this article is to report updated findings from a comprehensive review of the published scientific literature on ENDS. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The authors conducted a systematic review of published empirical research literature on ENDS through May 31, 2016, using a detailed search strategy in the PubMed electronic database, expert review, and additional targeted searches...
November 30, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908385/the-mutagenic-assessment-of-an-electronic-cigarette-and-reference-cigarette-smoke-using-the-ames-assay-in-strains-ta98-and-ta100
#6
D Thorne, I Crooks, M Hollings, A Seymour, C Meredith, M Gaca
Salmonella typhimurium strains TA98 and TA100 were used to assess the mutagenic potential of the aerosol from a commercially available, rechargeable, closed system electronic-cigarette. Results obtained were compared to those for the mainstream smoke from a Kentucky reference (3R4F) cigarette. Two different test matrices were assessed. Aerosol generated from the e-cigarette was trapped on a Cambridge filter pad, eluted in DMSO and compared to cigarette smoke total particulate matter (TPM), which was generated in the same manner for mutagenicity assessment in the Salmonella assay...
December 2016: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906858/electronic-cigarettes-as-smoking-cessation-tool-are-we-there
#7
Sohini Ghosh, M Bradley Drummond
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use is rapidly increasing, with many users reporting trying e-cigarettes as a method to quit combustible cigarettes. This review highlights recently published studies assessing the use of e-cigarettes as a tool for cessation of combustible cigarettes. RECENT FINDINGS: When evaluating data from four randomized controlled trials and multiple cohort studies, differential association between e-cigarette use and cessation rates was seen...
November 30, 2016: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903958/global-approaches-to-regulating-electronic-cigarettes
#8
Ryan David Kennedy, Ayodeji Awopegba, Elaine De León, Joanna E Cohen
OBJECTIVES: Classify and describe the policy approaches used by countries to regulate e-cigarettes. METHODS: National policies regulating e-cigarettes were identified by (1) conducting web searches on Ministry of Health websites, and (2) broad web searches. The mechanisms used to regulate e-cigarettes were classified as new/amended laws, or existing laws. The policy domains identified include restrictions or prohibitions on product: sale, manufacturing, importation, distribution, use, product design including e-liquid ingredients, advertising/promotion/sponsorship, trademarks, and regulation requiring: taxation, health warning labels and child-safety standards...
November 30, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903957/medicalisation-smoking-and-e-cigarettes-evidence-and-implications
#9
Kylie Morphett, Adrian Carter, Wayne Hall, Coral Gartner
There is debate in the tobacco control literature about the value of a medical model in reducing smoking-related harm. The variety of medical treatments for smoking cessation has increased, health professionals are encouraged to use them to assist smoking cessation and tobacco dependence is being described as a 'chronic disease'. Some critics suggest that the medicalisation of smoking undermines the tobacco industry's responsibility for the harms of smoking. Others worry that it will lead smokers to deny personal responsibility for cessation, create beliefs in 'magic bullets' for smoking cessation, or erode smokers' confidence in their ability to quit...
November 30, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901521/electronic-cigarette-use-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-prevalence-and-attitudes
#10
Brian J Miller, Alexandre Wang, Joyce Wong, Nina Paletta, Peter F Buckley
BACKGROUND: Smoking is highly prevalent in patients with schizophrenia. Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are becoming increasingly popular among smokers. Surveys indicate overall favorable attitudes toward the use of e-cigarettes to reduce or quit smoking, relieve withdrawal symptoms, and with respect to perceived health risks; however, less is known about their use in patients with schizophrenia. In the present study, we investigated the prevalence of and attitudes toward e-cigarettes in patients with schizophrenia...
November 1, 2016: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898495/frequency-of-e-cigarette-use-health-status-and-risk-and-protective-health-behaviors-in-adolescents
#11
Michael S Dunbar, Joan S Tucker, Brett A Ewing, Eric R Pedersen, Jeremy N V Miles, Regina A Shih, Elizabeth J D'Amico
OBJECTIVES: E-cigarettes (ECs) are increasingly popular among adolescents, who perceive them as "safer" than cigarettes. Although research has examined risk factors for adolescent EC use, little is known about how EC use correlates with health status and protective health behaviors. METHODS: In all, 2488 adolescents (mean age = 17.31 years, SD = 0.67; 46% male) completed a survey on EC and cigarette use, physical and mental health, physical activity, diet, sleep, and alcohol and other drug (AOD) use...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898019/association-between-family-and-friend-smoking-status-and-adolescent-smoking-behavior-and-e-cigarette-use-in-korea
#12
Myoung Jin Joung, Mi Ah Han, Jong Park, So Yeon Ryu
Smoking is harmful to the health of adolescents because their bodies are still growing. The aim of this study was to analyze the association between the smoking status of Korean adolescents' parents and friends and their own smoking behavior. The study assessed a nationwide sample of 72,060 middle and high students from the 10th Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey (2014). Descriptive analysis, chi-square tests, and multiple logistic regression analysis were used to probe the association between family and friend smoking status and adolescent smoking behavior...
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896041/flavored-e-cigarette-use-characterizing-youth-young-adult-and-adult-users
#13
M B Harrell, S R Weaver, A Loukas, M Creamer, C N Marti, C D Jackson, J W Heath, P Nayak, C L Perry, T F Pechacek, M P Eriksen
The purpose of this study is to investigate how the use of flavored e-cigarettes varies between youth (12-17 years old), young adults (18-29 years old), and older adults (30 + years old). Cross-sectional surveys of school-going youth (n = 3907) and young adult college students (n = 5482) in Texas, and young adults and older adults (n = 6051) nationwide were administered in 2014-2015. Proportions and 95% confidence intervals were used to describe the percentage of e-cigarette use at initiation and in the past 30 days that was flavored, among current e-cigarette users...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893577/a-novel-classification-system-for-injuries-after-electronic-cigarette-explosions
#14
Scott B Patterson, Allison R Beckett, Alicia Lintner, Carly Leahey, Ashley Greer, Sidney B Brevard, Jon D Simmons, Steven A Kahn
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) contain lithium batteries that have been known to explode and/or cause fires that have resulted in burn injury. The purpose of this article is to present a case study, review injuries caused by e-cigarettes, and present a novel classification system from the newly emerging patterns of burns. A case study was presented and online media reports for e-cigarette burns were queried with search terms "e-cigarette burns" and "electronic cigarette burns." The reports and injury patterns were tabulated...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891215/hypothesis-may-e-cigarette-smoking-boost-the-allergic-epidemic
#15
EDITORIAL
Jean Bousquet, Claus Bachert, Laura Crotty Alexander, Frank T Leone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Clinical and Translational Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890516/trends-in-e-cigarette-awareness-and-perceived-harmfulness-in-the-u-s
#16
Timothy R Huerta, Daniel M Walker, Deborah Mullen, Tyler J Johnson, Eric W Ford
INTRODUCTION: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are gaining in popularity as an alternative to regular cigarettes, as they are viewed as potentially less harmful. However, it remains unclear how awareness about e-cigarettes is permeating through the general U.S. POPULATION: This study seeks to extend previous research and examine trends in e-cigarette awareness and perceived harmfulness, and their association with smoking-cessation efforts. METHODS: Data from three cycles (2012, 2013, and 2014) of the Health Information National Trends Survey were combined into a single data set...
November 24, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890515/patterns-of-waterpipe-tobacco-smoking-among-u-s-young-adults-2013-2014
#17
Ramzi G Salloum, James F Thrasher, Kayla R Getz, Tracey E Barnett, Taghrid Asfar, Wasim Maziak
INTRODUCTION: Patterns of waterpipe smoking and associated other tobacco use were assessed among U.S. young adults (aged 18-24 years). METHODS: A descriptive analysis of baseline data (2013-2014) from the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health Study was conducted in 2016. RESULTS: The study included 9,119 young adults-44% ever and 11% past-30 day waterpipe smokers (12% of men and 9% of women were past-30 day smokers). Among past-30 day smokers, waterpipe smoking frequency was distributed as follows: 4% daily, 23% weekly, 36% monthly, and 37% less than monthly...
November 24, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884299/understanding-the-impact-that-marketing-advertising-and-promotion-have-on-adolescent-e-cigarette-behavior
#18
EDITORIAL
Dean M Krugman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883949/nicotine-levels-withdrawal-symptoms-and-smoking-reduction-success-in-real-world-use-a-comparison-of-cigarette-smokers-and-dual-users-of-both-cigarettes-and-e-cigarettes
#19
Douglas E Jorenby, Stevens S Smith, Michael C Fiore, Timothy B Baker
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate how experienced dual users used cigarettes and e-cigarettes in real-world use and under different levels of cigarette availability. METHODS: Dual users (cigarettes+e-cigarettes; n=74) and a smoke-only group (just cigarettes; n=74) engaged in a 26-day study with two ad lib use intervals, a week of 75% cigarette reduction and three days of 100% cigarette reduction. After a week of ad lib use of products, all participants were asked to reduce smoking by 75% (dual users were free to use their e-cigarettes as they wished), followed by another week of ad lib use...
November 9, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879608/e-cigarettes-and-potential-implications-for-plastic-surgery
#20
Peter J Taub, Alan Matarasso
The use of tobacco-based products, most notably cigarettes, is related directly to wound healing problems and poorer outcomes in plastic surgery. Current abstracts have highlighted the potential complications from nicotine, specifically following plastic surgery in patients who choose to smoke. Recently, products that use electricity to vaporize liquid nitrogen have been gaining popularity. New rules were recently proposed that would give the federal government authority over electronic cigarettes. However, the health-related issues surrounding e-cigarettes are still largely unknown or misunderstood...
December 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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