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forearm fractures in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326760/both-bone-forearm-fractures-in-children-with-minimum-four-years-of-growth-remaining-can-cast-achieve-a-good-outcome-at-skeletal-maturity
#1
D Hadizie, I Munajat
Introduction: Both-bone forearm fractures in children can be treated non-operatively with a cast. Most previous studies have shown favourable outcome; however, information on the functional outcome after skeletal maturity is still scanty. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the functional outcome after skeletal maturity in fractures with at least four years of growth remaining. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study was conducted from March 2012 until March 2013. Age at the time of fracture was taken as until 10 years for females and until 12 years old for males with at least four years of growth remaining...
November 2017: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291497/a-descriptive-study-of-accidental-skeletal-injuries-and-non-accidental-skeletal-injuries-of-child-maltreatment
#2
Maha A H Ghanem, Tarek A Moustafa, Haidy M Megahed, Naglaa Salama, Sara A Ghitani
BACKGROUND: Lack of awareness and recognition of child maltreatment is the major reason behind underreporting. All victims often interact with the health care system for routine or emergency care. In several research works, non-accidental fractures are the second most common injury in maltreated children and it is represented up to one-third of cases. AIM OF THE STUDY: To determine the incidence of different types of accidental and non-accidental skeletal injuries among children, estimate the severity of injuries according to the modified injury severity score and to determine the degree of fractures either closed or opened (Gustiloe-Anderson open fracture classification)...
December 23, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242803/as-a-definitive-choice-of-treatment-joint-and-defect-spanning-multiplanar-tubular-external-fixation-in-the-management-of-pediatric-open-defective-supracondylar-humerus-fracture-a-case-report
#3
Mehmet Demirel, Onur Tunali, Ismail Turkmen, Yavuz Saglam
Introduction: Although supracondylar fractures of the humerus are common in children, open fractures of are extremely rare injuries. Gustilo- Anderson Type-III fractures in the upper extremity are primarily associated with considerable bone loss resulting from high energy trauma. In this study, a case of open pediatric supracondylar humerus fracture treated by a joint and defect spanning multiplanar tubular external fixation is presented. Case Report: A boy aged 3 years suffered from a Gustilo-Anderson Type-IIIA supracondylar humerus fractures...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210908/does-using-pas-in-the-closed-treatment-of-pediatric-forearm-fractures-increase-malunion-risk
#4
Stephanie Garrison, Emily A Eismann, Roger Cornwall
PURPOSE: This study assessed whether using physician assistants (PAs) for fracture follow-up during nonoperative management of pediatric forearm fractures was associated with an increased risk of malunion. METHODS: The study was a retrospective review of charts of 141 children under age 18 years who were treated nonoperatively in the division of orthopedics over 12 months for forearm fractures. The effect of type and number of follow-up providers on risk of malunion was determined and controlled for fracture type, location, and initial angulation...
December 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206097/a-closed-claim-analysis-of-complaints-after-paediatric-antebrachial-fractures
#5
Christian Wong, Søren Bødtker, Peter Buxbom, Michael Schultz-Larsen
INTRODUCTION: Antebrachial fractures in children (AFC) are common and account for one third of all paediatric fractures. The Danish Patient Compensation Association (PCA) receives complaints from patients who believe that they have sustained injuries due to potential malpractice or unfortunate circumstances. Case files on AFC from the PCA were assessed to identify causality and factors contributing to complaints and potential malpractice. METHODS: A closed-claim analysis was performed in 138 cases with the diagnosis codes DS52...
December 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202925/the-investigation-of-suspected-fracture-a-comparison-of-ultrasound-with-conventional-imaging
#6
Gordian Lukas Schmid, Stefan Lippmann, Susanne Unverzagt, Christiane Hofmann, Tobias Deutsch, Thomas Frese
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound imaging can be used to diagnose fractures in patients with acute trauma. Its main advantages over conventional imaging are the absence of radiation exposure and its greater availability. METHODS: A systematic search in electronic databases (Medline, Embase, Cochrane CENTRAL) was supplemented by a manual search on the Internet and in the reference lists of pertinent publications. The QUADAS-2 instrument was used to assess the quality of the individual studies retrieved...
November 10, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192344/pulseless-supracondylar-humeral-fractures-in-children-vascular-complications-in-a-ten%C3%A2-year-series
#7
Adeline Cambon-Binder, Pascal Jehanno, Laurent Tribout, Philippe Valenti, Anne-Laure Simon, Brice Ilharreborde, Keyvan Mazda
PURPOSE: The management of pulseless supracondylar fractures remains controversial. The aims of this study were to: (1) analyse functional and vascular outcomes of conservative treatment for cases with absent pulse before reduction, whether patients showed limb ischaemia or not; and (2) identify factors associated with vascular complications. METHODS: Twenty-seven children with absent pulses on presentation were treated consecutively between 1999 and 2009. The brachial artery was surgically explored in cases of persistent signs of ischaemia after reduction...
November 30, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185384/treatment-of-displaced-flexion-type-pediatric-supracondylar-humeral-fractures-in-the-prone-position
#8
Hsuan-Kai Kao, Wei-Chun Lee, Wen-E Yang, Chia-Hsieh Chang
PURPOSE: This study is to report a new method to reduce and fix the displaced flexion-type pediatric supracondylar fracture in the prone position. METHODS: Ten children with displaced flexion-type supracondylar humeral fractures treated between 2007 and 2013 were reviewed. There were three girls and seven boys, with a mean age of 9.5 years. The fracture was reduced by gentle traction of the forearm and gradual extension of the elbow in the prone position. Two or three crossed Kirschner wires (K-wires) were inserted percutaneously to secure the fracture reduction...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182132/prevention-of-re-fractures-of-both-bones-of-the-forearm-in-children
#9
V Kailis, H Hariga, P-L Docquier
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to observe if the re-fracture rate after forearm both bones was decreased by protecting the forearm with a preventive brace for 6 months following the fracture and by ceasing all physical activities. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study in 75 consecutive cases of diaphyseal fracture of both bone of forearms, in 52 boys and 23 girls aged from 6 months to 11 years. It concerned a first episode of fracture in 84% of cases and a re-fracture in 17%...
December 2016: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182126/a-comparison-of-ketamine-sedation-and-general-anaesthesia-for-manipulation-of-paediatric-forearm-fractures
#10
R W Jordan, A Aquilina, D J Westacott, S Cooke
The purpose of the study was to compare the use of ketamine sedation and general anaesthesia for manipulation of paediatric wrist and forearm fractures. A retrospective analysis was performed of patients under 16 years treated at our centre between October 2014 and October 2015. Exclusion criteria were open fractures and fractures with complete displacement. Outcomes measured were fracture reduction, the quality of the cast, fracture redisplacement, further surgical intervention and use of theatre time. 66 children were manipulated over the study period; 31 received ketamine sedation and 35 general anaesthesia...
December 2016: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146509/isolated-coronal-shear-fracture-of-the-nonossified-humeral-trochlea-in-a-7-year-old-patient
#11
Michiyo Tomaru, Denju Osada, Kazuya Tamai, Hiroshi Taneichi
Coronal shear fractures of the nonossified humeral trochlea are extremely rare in skeletally immature children. This fracture is difficult to diagnose accurately on routine radiographs. In addition, the mechanism of injury and appropriate treatment methods are unknown. We present the case of a 7-year-old boy who sustained an isolated coronal shear fracture of the nonossified humeral trochlea. Internal fixation of the fracture was performed with 2 K-wires. Two and a half years after surgery, the patient had pain-free active range of motion of the elbow from 0° to 130° with full forearm rotation and magnetic resonance imaging showed healing of the chondral fragment of the trochlea...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127017/the-educational-opportunities-provided-by-a-pediatric-orthopedic-urgent-case-review-conference-keep-score-to-provide-a-better-experience
#12
Eric D Shirley, Radu Gheorghe, Kevin M Neal, Gary Kiebzak, Steven L Frick
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the distribution of conditions presented at a case conference to assess resident educational exposure to acute pediatric orthopedic conditions. DESIGN: Retrospective review of emergency department and inpatient consultations presented at a daily pediatric orthopedic case conference over a 3-year period. Consultations were divided into 3-month resident rotation blocks for analysis. SETTING: Tertiary children's hospital in the southern United States which host residents from 2 orthopedic surgery residency programs...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107555/forearm-diaphyseal-fractures-in-children-intramedullary-kirschner-s-wire-fixation-treatment
#13
M Mahecha-Toro, E Vergara-Amador, M González Ramírez
INTRODUCTION: Diaphyseal fractures of the forearm comprise 6%-10% of all fractures in children. The treatment depends on the age and type of displacement, and conservative and surgical management with fixation of intramedullary nails, among other techniques, is valid. The aim is to show the radiological and functional outcomes, and complications of intramedullary fixation with Kirschner nails in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective descriptive case series of patients treated with intramedullary fixation of forearm fractures...
October 26, 2017: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081856/cast-wedging-a-systematic-review-of-the-present-evidence
#14
REVIEW
S Gaukel, S Leu, L Fink, S R Skovgaard, L E Ramseier, R N Vuille-Dit-Bille
PURPOSE: The objective of this systematic review was to summarise the outcome after cast wedging due to loss of angulation in conservative fracture treatment of children's fractures. METHODS: Electronic searches were performed using MEDLINE, PubMed, OVID, CENTRAL and EMBASE without language restrictions. RESULTS: Three studies comprising 316 patients (210 radius, 52 forearm/both bone forearm fractures and 54 tibia fractures) were included in the present analysis...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056227/intravenous-regional-anaesthesia-bier-s-block-for-pediatric-forearm-fractures-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department-experience-from-2003-to-2014
#15
Ivan S Y Chua, S L Chong, Gene Y K Ong
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy (length of stay in the emergency department and failure rate of Bier's block) and safety profile (death and major complications) of Bier's block in its use for manipulation and reduction of paediatric forearm fractures. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of pediatric patients in KKWomen's and Children's Hospital Children's Emergency Department with forearm fractures between Jan 2003 and Dec 2014 who underwent manipulation and reduction using Bier's block...
October 16, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053498/the-community-orthopaedic-surgeon-taking-trauma-call-pediatric-forearm-shaft-fracture-pearls-and-pitfalls
#16
Martin J Herman, Matthew Simon, Charles T Mehlman
Pediatric forearm shaft fractures are the third most common fracture in children, and the forearm is the third most mobile joint in the body (with a nearly 180 degree arc of motion). The goals of treatment are aimed squarely at achieving satisfactory anatomic alignment (within defined parameters) as the consequences of malunion can be permanent forearm stiffness and deformity. Nonoperative treatment approaches still dominate care of the youngest age groups while surgical intervention has become increasingly common in older children...
November 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052829/esin-and-k-wire-fixation-have-similar-results-in-pediatric-both-bone-diaphyseal-forearm-fractures
#17
Namık Şahin, Yavuz Akalın, Oğuz Türker, Güven Özkaya
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare short-term radiographic and clinical results of pediatric both-bone diaphyseal forearm fractures treated with intramedullary nail fixation using titanium nails or K-wires. METHODS: This was a prospective comparative trial. In total, 43 patients with both-bone open or closed forearm fractures who underwent surgical treatment with intramedullary fixation were randomly classified into two groups. Three patients did not return for the follow-up and were excluded from the study...
September 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036004/the-utility-of-clinical-ultrasonography-in-identifying-distal-forearm-fractures-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#18
Iratxe Galletebeitia Laka, Frederic Samson, Inigo Gorostiza, Andrés Gonzalez, Carlos Gonzalez
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the utility of Point-Of-Care Ultrasound (POCUS) for diagnosing distal forearm fractures in pediatric emergency departments (ED). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective observational study was carried out in children aged younger than 15 years attended in an ED with an indication of radiography because of a suspected distal forearm fracture. The POCUS was performed considering cortical irregularity or disruption compatible with fracture...
October 13, 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032874/rotational-corrective-osteotomy-for-malunited-distal-diaphyseal-radius-fractures-in-children-and-adolescents
#19
Toshiyuki Kataoka, Kunihiro Oka, Tsuyoshi Murase
PURPOSE: To report our method of computer-planned rotational corrective osteotomy for malunited distal diaphyseal radius fractures in children and adolescents using a custom jig and to review the results of 4 cases. METHODS: Four patients (mean age, 13 years; range, 11-16 years) underwent computer-planned rotational corrective osteotomy for malunited distal diaphyseal radius fracture using a custom jig. We retrospectively evaluated their radiographic and clinical data...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875125/ultrasound-diagnosis-of-fractures-in-mass-casualty-incidents
#20
EDITORIAL
Fikri M Abu-Zidan
The role of point-of-care ultrasound in mass casualty incidents (MCIs) is still evolving. Occasionally, hospitals can be destroyed by disasters resulting in large number of trauma patients. CAVEAT and FASTER ultrasound protocols, which are used in MCIs, included extremity ultrasound examination as part of them. The literature supports the use of ultrasound in diagnosing extremity fractures both in hospitals and MCIs. The most recent systematic review which was reported by Douma-den Hamer et al in 2016 showed that the pooled ultrasound sensitivity and specificity for detecting distal forearm fractures was 97% and 95% respectively...
August 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
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