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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474669/treatment-and-outcome-of-congenital-nephrotic-syndrome
#1
Sandra Bérody, Laurence Heidet, Olivier Gribouval, Jérome Harambat, Patrick Niaudet, Veronique Baudouin, Justine Bacchetta, Bernard Boudaillez, Maud Dehennault, Loïc de Parscau, Olivier Dunand, Hugues Flodrops, Marc Fila, Arnaud Garnier, Ferielle Louillet, Marie-Alice Macher, Adrien May, Elodie Merieau, Françoise Monceaux, Christine Pietrement, Caroline Rousset-Rouvière, Gwenaëlle Roussey, Sophie Taque, Julie Tenenbaum, Tim Ulinski, Rachel Vieux, Ariane Zaloszyc, Vincent Morinière, Rémi Salomon, Olivia Boyer
Background: Recommendations for management of Finnish-type congenital nephrotic syndrome (CNS) followed by many teams include daily albumin infusions, early bilateral nephrectomy, dialysis and transplantation. We aimed to assess the treatment and outcome of patients with CNS in France. Methods: We conducted a nationwide retrospective study on 55 consecutive children born between 2000 and 2014 treated for non-infectious CNS. Results: The estimated cumulative incidence of CNS was 0...
February 20, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474177/the-cost-and-quality-of-life-of-malaysian-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-and-anemia
#2
Soraya Azmi, Adrian Goh, Noor Azimah Muhammad, Hizlinda Tohid, Mohd Radzniwan A Rashid
BACKGROUND: Anemia is common among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) and an independent risk factor for renal disease progression. Health economic evidence is important in Malaysia and yet cost and quality-of-life (QOL) data are scarce. OBJECTIVES: To investigate prevalence, factors associated with anemia, and cost and QOL among T2DM patients with CKD. Here, we present the estimated 1-year cost and QOL related to anemia in this group...
August 4, 2017: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473376/can-re-cturbt-be-useful-in-pt1hg-disease-as-a-risk-indicator-of-recurrence-and-progression-a-single-centre-experience
#3
Roberto Giulianelli, Barbara Cristina Gentile, Gabriella Mirabile, Luca Albanesi, Paola Tariciotti, Giorgio Rizzo, Maurizio Buscarini, Mauro Vermiglio
INTRODUCTION: Understaging after initial transurethral resection is common in patients with high-risk non muscle infiltrating bladder cancer (NMIBC) and can delay accurate diagnosis and definitive treatment. The rate of upstaging from T1 to T2 disease after repeated transurethral resection ranges from 0 to 28%, although the rate of upstaging may be even higher up to 49% when muscularis propria is absent in the first specimen. A restaging classic transurethral resection of bladder tumour (re-cTURBT) is the better predictor of early stage progression...
December 31, 2017: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472806/neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-and-acute-kidney-injury-in-endovascular-aneurysm-repair-or-open-aortic-repair-a-pilot-study
#4
Benedetta Rampoldi, Serena Tessarolo, Paola Giubbilini, Paola Gaia, Samantha D Corino, Sarah Mazza, Roberta Rigolini, Marco Dei Poli, Elena Vianello, Massimiliano M Corsi Romanelli, Elena Costa
Introduction: Acute kidney injury (AKI) occurs frequently after abdominal aortic surgery and there is currently no effective marker able to detect early onset. The aim of this study is to evaluate the ability of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) to early identify the development of acute renal damage in patients undergoing endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) or open aortic repair (OAR). Materials and methods: Serial samples of blood and urine were obtained from 25 patients undergoing both EVAR and OAR...
February 15, 2018: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467993/pediatric-renal-transplantation-in-oman-a-single-center-experience
#5
Mohamed S Al Riyami, Sulaiman Al Saidi, Badria Al Ghaithi, Anisa Al Maskari, Sadiq Lala, Nabil Mohsin, Lekha Hirshikesan, Naifain Al Kalbani
Objectives: This study sought to report 22 years experience in pediatric kidney transplantation in Oman. Methods: Electronic charts of all Omani children below 13 years of age who received a kidney transplant from January 1994 to December 2015 were reviewed. Data collected included patient demographics, etiology of end-stage kidney disease, modality and duration of dialysis, donor type, complication of kidney transplantation (including surgical complications, infections, graft rejection) graft and patient survival, and duration of follow-up...
January 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464581/urinary-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-ngal-and-serum-cystatin-c-measurements-for-early-diagnosis-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-children-admitted-to-picu
#6
Jameela Abdulaziz Kari, Mohamed Ahmed Shalaby, Kholoud Sofyani, Ahmad Saleh Sanad, Albaraa Fuad Ossra, Rayan Smeer Halabi, Maha Hassan Aljuhani, Wael Mohammad Toffaha, Feras Aymen Moria, Samar Sabry, Hanan AbdelAziz Ahmed, Khalid Abdulaziz Alhasan, Sara Sharief, Osama Safdar
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in critically ill children with significant mortality and morbidity. Serum creatinine is an insensitive and late biomarker compared to newly proposed AKI biomarkers. METHODS: Prospective study in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) over three months to compare between serum cystatin-C (s-Cys-C) and urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (uNGAL) as AKI biomarkers at multiple time points with pediatric risk, injury, failure, loss, end-stage renal disease (pRIFLE) classification in diagnosing AKI...
February 20, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463395/-cardiovascular-protection-of-diabetic-patient-with-chronic-renal-disease-and-particular-case-of-end-stage-renal-disease-in-elderly-patients
#7
P Zaoui, T Hannedouche, C Combe
Type 2 diabetes has an increasing prevalence. Life expectancy is dominated by cardiovascular risk, which is the leading cause of death in these patients. Up to one third of diabetic patients will develop diabetic nephropathy related to micro-angiopathy. Renal impairment further increases cardiovascular risk. Reducing cardiovascular morbidity and mortality is a major public health issue, as well as early preventing and managing chronic kidney disease (CKD). Good glycemic control prevents the micro-vascular complications of the disease (retinopathy, nephropathy, etc...
June 2017: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459617/ngal-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-is-an-early-predictor-of-acute-kidney-injury-after-cardiac-surgery-and-variation-of-ngal-values-in-homogenous-study-subject
#8
O F Miah, F A Dowel, A Latif, A N Hai, M A Mahmud, M A Razzak, T Ahammod
Isolated CABG (coronary artery bypass grafting) has the lowest incidence of AKI (Acute Kidney Injury), followed by valvular surgery and then, combined CABG with valvular surgery. Due to the difference in baseline characteristics and in surgery type, the range of incidence is between 8.9 and 39% based on RIFLE (Risk Injury failure loss end stage kidney disease) or AKIN (Acute Kidney Injury Network) criteria. The advent of novel biomarkers of kidney injury has opened a new era of early detection and prognosis prediction for AKI...
January 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459587/the-pattern-of-serum-calcium-phosphate-and-parathyroid-hormone-levels-in-pre-diagnosed-chronic-kidney-disease-patients
#9
M A Rouf, J U Sharif, M Khan, M R Karim, M M Rahman, H Ahmed, R Parveen, M S Islam, M N Farzana, M A Rahman
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an international health problem affecting 5-10% of the world population. Patients with chronic kidney disease were known to have higher prevalence of changes in serum calcium, phosphate and parathyroid hormone in Western countries, but data on the impact of CKD on serum calcium, phosphate and parathyroid hormone in our country are scarce. This cross-sectional type of descriptive study was conducted in the Department of Medicine, Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh, Bangladesh from March 2016 to September 2016...
January 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459026/prevalence-and-risk-of-protein-energy-wasting-assessed-by-subjective-global-assessment-in-older-adults-with-advanced-chronic-kidney-disease-results-from-the-equal-study
#10
Karin Windahl, Gerd Faxén Irving, Tora Almquist, Maarit Korkeila Lidén, Moniek van de Luijtgaarden, Nicholas C Chesnaye, Pauline Voskamp, Peter Stenvinkel, Marian Klinger, Maciej Szymczak, Claudia Torino, Maurizio Postorini, Christiane Drechsler, Fergus J Caskey, Christoph Wanner, Friedo W Dekker, Kitty J Jager, Marie Evans
OBJECTIVES: Prevalence and risk factors for protein-energy wasting (PEW) are poorly studied in the nondialysis, older population with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD). Our aim was to evaluate the prevalence of PEW in advanced stage CKD patients aged greater than 65 years. Furthermore, we aimed to describe risk factors for PEW in the overall study population and among obese individuals. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study. METHODS: The EQUAL study, a European Quality Study on treatment in advanced chronic kidney disease, is a multicenter prospective observational cohort study in six European countries...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453607/semaphorin-7a-in-circulating-regulatory-t-cells-is-increased-in-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease-and-decreases-with-tolvaptan-treatment
#11
Yashang Lee, Katrina Lehmann Blount, Feng Dai, Siobhan Thompson, Jonathan Kaufman Scher, Sherrie Bitterman, Madeline Droher, Erica L Herzog, Gilbert Moeckel, Anil Karihaloo, Neera K Dahl
BACKGROUND: Semaphorin 7A (SEMA7A) is an immunomodulating protein implicated in lung and liver fibrosis. In autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), the progressive expansion of renal cysts, inflammation, and subsequent renal fibrosis leads to end-stage renal disease (ESRD). SEMA7A may play a role in renal fibrosis and in ADPKD. METHODS: We evaluated Sema7a in a mouse model of renal fibrosis and determined the expression of SEMA7A in human ADPKD kidney...
February 16, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452250/hepcidin-protects-grass-carp-ctenopharyngodon-idellus-against-flavobacterium-columnare-infection-via-regulating-iron-distribution-and-immune-gene-expression
#12
Xiaolei Wei, V Sarath Babu, Li Lin, Yazhen Hu, Yulei Zhang, Xiaoling Liu, Jianguo Su, Jun Li, Lijuan Zhao, Gailing Yuan
Columnaris disease (CD) caused by Flavobacterium columnare (F. columnare) is lack of knowledge on effective treatment measures. Bacterial pathogens require iron as an essential nutrient to infect the host. While hepcidin acts as a master regulator in iron metabolism, its contribution to host defense is emerging as complex and multifaceted. In vitro, recombinant Ctenopharyngodon idellus (C. idellus) hepcidin (CiHep) and synthetic CiHep both showed the ability to increase the expression of hepcidin and ferritin in C...
February 13, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450214/-mycobacterium-abscessus-complex-infections-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#13
Maroun Sfeir, Marissa Walsh, Rossana Rosa, Laura Aragon, Sze Yan Liu, Timothy Cleary, Marylee Worley, Corey Frederick, Lilian M Abbo
Background: Infections caused by Mycobacterium abscessus group strains are usually resistant to multiple antimicrobials and challenging to treat worldwide. We describe the risk factors, treatment, and clinical outcomes of patients in 2 large academic medical centers in the United States. Methods: A retrospective cohort study of hospitalized adults with a positive culture for M. abscessus in Miami, Florida (January 1, 2011, to December 31, 2014). Demographics, comorbidities, the source of infection, antimicrobial susceptibilities, and clinical outcomes were analyzed...
February 2018: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446739/role-of-complement-properdin-in-renal-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#14
Zinah Zwaini, Houyong Dai, Cordula Stover, Bin Yang
Renal ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is one of the main causes of acute kidney injury (AKI), and may lead to chronic kidney disease. The high mortality rate of AKI has not changed in the last 5 decades due to non-recognition, nephrotoxin exposure, delayed diagnosis and lack of specific intervention. Complement activation plays important roles in IRI-induced AKI because of its association with immunity, inflammation, cell death and tissue repair. Nevertheless, the role of complement properdin, the sole positive regulator of the alternative pathway, in IRI-induced AKI has not been well defined...
February 13, 2018: Current Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446243/reproductive-health-in-women-following-abdominal-organ-transplant
#15
Monika Sarkar, Kate Bramham, Michael Moritz, Lisa Coscia
Fertility is commonly impaired in women with end-stage kidney and liver disease although most women will have restoration of fertility within one year of transplant. Family planning is therefore critical to discuss with reproductive-aged transplant recipients in the early post-transplant period, in order to ensure timely initiation of contraception, and optimal timing for conception. For women seeking pregnancy the risks to the mother, graft, and baby should be discussed, including evaluation of immunosuppression safety and potential for adjusting medications prior to conception...
February 15, 2018: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446007/significance-of-early-detection-of-acute-kidney-function-worsening-among-outpatients-having-ckd-using-automatic-calculation-system-for-the-rate-of-egfr-decline
#16
Jun Ito, Hirofumi Kita, Takashi Fujisawa
BACKGROUND: To retard progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and reduce end-stage kidney disease, it is important to detect acute kidney function worsening on CKD (AW-CKD) immediately and bring back their kidney functions to baselines by appropriate treatment. However, in general outpatient practice, it is difficult to detect the change in the slope of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). METHODS: We made automatic calculation system for the rate of eGFR decline (ΔeGFR), and retrospectively observed the situation of AW-CKD among outpatients, who had visited all clinical departments of Steel Memorial Hirohata Hospital between May and August 2016, using the system...
February 14, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444516/cardiac-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-the-myocardium-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#17
Eva Kis, Laszlo Ablonczy, György S Reusz
Early stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD) are often underdiagnosed, while their deleterious effects on the cardiovascular (CV) system are already at work. Thus, the assessment of early CV damage is of crucial importance in preventing major CV events. Myocardial fibrosis is one of the major consequences of progressive CKD, as it may lead to reentry arrhythmias and long-term myocardial dysfunction predisposing to sudden death and/or congestive heart failure. Subclinical myocardial fibrosis, with a potential key role in the development of uraemic cardiac disease, can be measured and characterised by appropriate cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) techniques...
February 8, 2018: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432866/expression-and-functional-analysis-of-receptor-interacting-serine-threonine-kinase-2-rip2-in-japanese-flounder-paralichthys-olivaceus
#18
Jinxiang Liu, Dandan Cao, Yuezhong Liu, Zan Li, Yu Si, Zhigang Wang, Quanqi Zhang, Haiyang Yu, Xubo Wang
Being a key adaptor protein in NOD1/2 and NF-κB signaling pathways, receptor-interacting serine/threonine kinase 2 (RIP2) plays an important role in innate immune response in vertebrates. In this study, we identified and characterized the Paralichthys olivaceus RIP2 gene (PoRIP2). Phylogenetic, alignment, and genomic analysis of PoRIP2 were conducted to determine its conservation and evolutionary relationship with other RIP2 in vertebrates. qRT-PCR results showed that the expression of PoRIP2 was high in the spleen and head kidney...
February 9, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431364/chronic-kidney-disease-detection-and-evaluation
#19
David Y Gaitonde, David L Cook, Ian M Rivera
Chronic kidney disease affects 47 million people in the United States and is associated with significant health care costs, morbidity, and mortality. Because this disease can silently progress to advanced stages, early detection is critical for initiating timely interventions. Multiple guidelines recommend at least annual screening with serum creatinine, urine albumin/creatinine ratio, and urinalysis for patients with risk factors, particularly diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and a history of cardiovascular disease...
December 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427053/clinical-utility-of-urine-kidney-injury-molecule-1-kim-1-and-gamma-glutamyl-transferase-ggt-in-the-diagnosis-of-canine-acute-kidney-injury
#20
Ilaria Lippi, F Perondi, V Meucci, B Bruno, V Gazzano, G Guidi
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of urine KIM-1 and urine GGT for the detection of naturally-occurring AKI, compared to healthy control dogs, dogs with stable chronic kidney disease (CKD), and dogs with lower urinary tract disorders (LUTD). The study included AKI grade 1 (n = 21), AKI grade 2 to 5 (n = 11), stable CKD (n = 11), LUTD (n = 15), and healthy dogs (n = 37). Urine KIM-1 (ng/mg) and GGT (U/l) were normalized to urine creatinine (uCr)...
February 10, 2018: Veterinary Research Communications
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