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Recurrent urinary infections

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333509/rate-and-association-of-lower-urinary-tract-infection-with-recurrence-after-transurethral-resection-of-bladder-tumor
#1
Byung Soo Kim, Bum Sik Tae, Ja Hyeon Ku, Cheol Kwak, Hyeon Hoe Kim, Chang Wook Jeong
Purpose: To evaluate the rate of pyuria and bacteriuria after transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT). Materials and Methods: We retrospectively evaluated data obtained from 363 patients who underwent TURBT between October 2012 and December 2013 at Seoul National University Hospital. Urinalysis and urine culture were assessed at 3, 6, 12, and 24 months postoperatively. Primary endpoint was the rate of bacteriuria (≥105/mL in a midstream) and pyuria (white blood cells ≥5/high-power field)...
January 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326206/whole-genome-draft-sequences-of-nine-asymptomatic-escherichia-coli-bacteriuria-isolates-from-diabetic-patients
#2
Christoph Stork, Beáta Kovács, Eva Trost, Tamás Kovács, György Schneider, Barnabás Rózsai, Monika Kerényi, Levente Emődy, Ulrich Dobrindt
Escherichia coli can colonize the urinary bladder without causing a disease response in the host. This asymptomatic bacteriuria (ABU) can protect against recurrent symptomatic urinary tract infection by virulent bacteria. Here, we report the whole-genome sequences of nine E. coli ABU isolates from diabetic patients.
January 11, 2018: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324795/nanodiamonds-facilitate-killing-of-intracellular-uropathogenic-e-coli-in-an-in-vitro-model-of-urinary-tract-infection-pathogenesis
#3
Janaki Kannan Iyer, Alexia Dickey, Parvaneh Rouhani, Anil Kaul, Nirmal Govindaraju, Raj Narain Singh, Rashmi Kaul
About 25-44% of women will experience at least one episode of recurrent UTI and the causative agent in over 70% of UTI cases is uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC). UPEC cause recurrent UTI by evading the bladder's innate immune system through internalization into the bladder epithelium where antibiotics cannot reach or be effective. Thus, it is important to develop novel therapeutics to eliminate these intracellular pathogens. Nanodiamonds (NDs) are biocompatible nanomaterials that serve as promising candidates for targeted therapeutic applications...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324478/site-of-entry-and-surgical-timing-in-infective-endocarditis
#4
Francesco Bovenzi, Lucia Borelli, Lauro Cortigiani
: Infective endocarditis is the manifestation of the endocardial involvement during a systemic infectious process.The prognosis of this condition is still dismal, and the mortality associated with it remains high despite improvement in antimicrobial treatment. Antibiotic prophylaxis is still recommended only in high-risk cases, that is, procedures at high risk for inducing systemic bacteremia.It is important to provide an educational prophylaxis consisting of sound hygienic recommendations for the cleansing of the oral cavity, the skin, genital-urinary, and gastrointestinal systems...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323625/catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infections-in-persons-with-neurogenic-bladders
#5
Todd A Linsenmeyer
This review is based on the author's Donald Munro Lecture given at the annual conference of the Academy of Spinal Cord Injury Professionals in New Orleans, LA. Indwelling catheters play an important role in bladder management following SCI for many individuals with neurogenic bladders. There is an increased risk of UTI compared to other types of bladder management with indwelling urethral catheters but not SP catheters. To minimize the risk of symptomatic UTI, the following steps are essential: prevent bladder wall distention and resulting ischemia, maintain colonization with "good" bacteria, and prevent bladder stones...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319624/long-term-outcome-of-one-step-kidney-transplantation-and-bladder-augmentation-procedure-in-pediatric-patients
#6
R Cleper, D Ben Meir, I Krause, P Livne, E Mor, M Davidovits, A Dagan
BACKGROUND: Guidelines for bladder augmentation (BA) in kidney transplant (KT) recipients are not well-defined. In our center, simultaneous BA with KT (BA-KT) is performed. We assessed transplantation outcomes of this unique extensive procedure. METHODS: A case-control single center retrospective study. Transplantation outcomes were compared with those of KT recipients who did not need BA. RESULTS: Compared to 22 patients who underwent KT only, for 9 who underwent BA-KT, surgical complications and the need for revision in the early posttransplantation period were similar; early graft function was better: estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR): 96...
January 10, 2018: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318796/recurrent-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-following-urinary-tract-infection-by-escherichia-coli
#7
Yoon Sik Jo, Jin Yong Choi, Hong Chung, Yuseok Kim, Sang Jun Na
Recurrent Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is a rare, immune-mediated disease of the peripheral nervous system. It has been reported to occur at intervals ranging from four months to 10 years; published case studies suggest that 1%-6% of patients who have had GBS will experience recurrent attacks. The most commonly identified infections coinciding with GBS are Campylobacter jejuni, Haemophilus influenzae, Mycoplasma pneumonia, and cytomegalovirus, while an antecedent infection with Escherichia coli is very uncommon...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313090/the-effect-of-pelvic-pain-and-urinary-incontinence-on-women-s-self-rated-health-in-northern-mexico
#8
Hilda García-Pérez, Sioban D Harlow, Catalina Denman
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: This study was designed to assess the effect of gynecological morbidities on Mexican women's self-rated health status and emotional health. METHODS: A cross-sectional population-based study was conducted among Mexican women aged 25-54. We analyzed information on 1,303 participants living in Hermosillo, Mexico. Multiple logistic regression was used to assess the effect of having any one of three kinds of pelvic pain, urinary incontinence or both of these conditions on women's self-rated health...
January 8, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306638/rectus-abdominis-detrusor-myoplasty-radm-for-acontractile-hypocontractile-bladder-in-spinal-cord-injury-patients-preliminary-report
#9
Pawan Agarwal, Shabbir Husain, Sudesh Wankhede, D Sharma
BACKGROUND: Urinary bladder dysfunction in the form of acontractile/hypocontractile bladder is very common after spinal cord injury and it may lead to recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI), stones formation, and deteriorating renal function. Conventionally, these patients evacuate their bladders by life-long clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) or an indwelling catheter (IC). For these patients, another option is to use innervated skeletal muscle wrap around the bladder to augment detrusor function and voluntary evacuation of bladder...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301804/recurrent-hospitalisations-in-a-rare-case-of-hemicorporectomy-a-challenging-case-for-medical-management
#10
Ajit Thakur, Brittney Elliott, Rohan Naik, Nabeel Khan, Shayna McQuaid, Camelia Arsene
Hemicorporectomy, or translumbar amputation, is a radical surgery involving the dissection of the body at the waist and is usually reserved for complex medical conditions including locally invasive malignancy and terminal pelvic osteomyelitis. Only 71 cases have previously been reported. We present a rare case of hemicorporectomy in a 53-year-old patient with terminal pelvic osteomyelitis which occurred after he suffered a gunshot wound at T6 causing paraplegia at the age of 31. Unfortunately, this patient continued to suffer recurrent hospitalisations and sepsis events secondary to chronic, non-healing advanced pressure ulcers and complicated urinary tract infections despite repeated courses of broad-spectrum intravenous antibiotics and surgical debridements...
January 4, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295749/safety-and-efficacy-of-various-strains-of-bacille-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin-in-the-treatment-of-bladder-tumours-in-standard-clinical-practice
#11
M Unda-Urzaiz, J M Cozar-Olmos, B Miñana-Lopez, J Camarero-Jimenez, X Brugarolas-Rossello, C Zubiaur-Libano, M J Ribal-Caparros, A J Suarez-Charneco, V Rodriguez-Tesedo, V Chantada-Abal, C Ruiz-de-Leon, C Carrillo-George, J Carballido-Rodriguez, F Villacampa-Auba
BACKGROUND: The natural progression of bladder tumours (nonmuscle-invasive bladder cancer [NMIBC]) is recurrence with a high rate of progression. Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) has been shown effective in reducing these rates, but there are few comparative studies between strains. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An observational, prospective and multicentre registry studied 433 patients with a 12-month follow-up visit from 961 registered patients, assessing disease-free survival (DFS), progression-free survival (PFS) cancer-specific survival (CSS) and adverse effects...
December 30, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279870/percutaneous-stone-removal-in-an-adult-with-a-continent-cutaneous-reservoir-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
Bhalaajee Meenakshi-Sundaram, Jonathan A Jensen, Jared P Higley, Caitlin T Coco, Jonathan E Heinlen
Stone formation is a known long-term complications of continent urinary reservoirs. We present a rare case of a large stone in a continent cutaneous reservoir in a 56-year-old male managed with percutaneous cystolithotomy. The patient presented with recurrent urinary tract infections and stomal incontinence. CT revealed an 8-cm stone occupying the entire lumen of his reservoir. Rather than removing this large stone through an open approach, the pouch was accessed percutaneously and lithotripsy was performed...
2017: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279814/an-uncommon-cause-of-dysuria-in-a-female-patient-huge-urinary-bladder-stones
#13
Rizwan Ishtiaq, Afzal Randhawa, Laraib Zulfiqar, Naila Shabbir
The urinary bladder stones are formed due to urinary retention, obstruction to the flow of urine commonly caused by enlargement of the prostate in males, urinary tract infections, and foreign body. The urinary bladder stones are usually found in males, and its presentation in females is a rare entity. Recurrence of urinary tract stones is commonly due to either repeated urinary tract infections or any metabolic condition. We present a case of a 75-year-old female patient who had a history of urinary tract infection and bladder stone formation and was operated for the 16th time recently for removal of her bladder stones...
October 20, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277046/the-effect-of-intravesical-instillations-with-hyaluronic-acid-on-sexual-dysfunction-in-women-with-recurrent-urinary-tract-infections-ruti
#14
Gemma Nightingale, Qasem Shehab, Chandrakumaran Kandiah, Lorraine Rush, Clare Rowe-Jones, Christian H Phillips
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether sexual dysfunction in women with recurrent urinary tract infections (RUTI) improved following treatment with intravesical Hyaluronic Acid (HA) instillations. STUDY DESIGN: Ethical approval was obtained for a prospective study to be performed. Patients referred for bladder instillations to treat RUTI, and who were sexually active, were recruited to the study. A selection of validated questionnaires (ICIQ-UI, ICIQ-VS, FSDS-R, ICIQ-FLUTS, O'Leary/Sant and PGI-I) were completed at baseline, three, six and 12 months after initiation of treatment with bladder instillations...
December 15, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258889/association-of-escherichia-coli-st131-lineage-with-risk-of-urinary-tract-infection-recurrence-among-young-women
#15
Miriam D Ismail, Ihsan Ali, Savannah Hatt, Elizabeth A Salzman, Anna W Cronenwett, Carl F Marrs, Alexander H Rickard, Betsy Foxman
OBJECTIVES: Test the hypothesis that urinary tract infections (UTI) caused by Escherichia coli of the ST131 lineage are more likely to recur than UTI cause by other E. coli lineages. METHODS: We used isolates from 221 young women with UTI caused by Escherichia coli participating in a randomized controlled trial. Participants were followed for 6 months or until recurrence. RESULTS: Sequence type was not associated with risk of recurrence. Isolates in the ST131 lineage were more resistant to quinolones (6% vs 1%) than other STs, but not trimethoprim sulfamethoxazole (15% vs 15%)...
December 16, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241191/evaluation-of-behavioral-and-susceptibility-patterns-in-premenopausal-women-with-recurrent-urinary-tract-infections-a-case-control-study
#16
Saddam Al Demour, Mera A Ababneh
Recurrent urinary tract infections (UTI) are a major source of morbidity and healthcare costs. Risk factors associated with recurrence rates in premenopausal women can be attributed to patient lifestyle behavior. The aim of this study was to assess hygienic risk factors, determine pathogen distribution, and susceptibility patterns in premenopausal women with recurrent UTI. This was case-control study in which a face-to-face interview was conducted to obtain information from premenopausal women with recurrent UTI...
December 14, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238756/outcomes-of-internal-hemipelvectomy-for-pelvic-tumors-a-developing-country-s-prospective
#17
REVIEW
Masood Umer, Moiz Ali, Rizwan H Rashid, Yasir Mohib, Haroon U Rashid
Introduction: Previously, external hemipelvectomy was the mainstay of treatment for pelvic tumors. However, with technological advancements, limb salvage procedures such as internal hemipelvectomy have emerged as a viable alternative. However, there is limited literature available on long-term outcomes and complications of internal hemipelvectomy, especially from developing countries. Therefore, the objective of this study was to share our experience of internal hemipelvectomy at a tertiary care center in a developing country...
May 2017: International Journal of Surgery. Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234534/comparison-of-interrupted-and-continuous-suture-urethroplasty-in-tubularised-incised-plate-hypospadias-repair-a-prospective-study
#18
Archika Gupta, Rajesh Gupta, Punit Srivastav, Ankush Gupta
Objective: To compare the effect of interrupted- and continuous-suture urethroplasty on complication rates in Snodgrass tubularised incised-plate (TIP) hypospadias repair. Patients and methods: This was a prospective randomised study comprising 100 boys (age range 1-5 years) with primary subcoronal, distal- and mid-penile hypospadias who underwent repair from October 2010 to March 2015 in a tertiary care hospital. Boys with glanular, recurrent, and proximal hypospadias were excluded from the study...
December 2017: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228960/cross-sectional-survey-on-the-use-and-impact-of-the-danish-national-antibiotic-use-guidelines-for-companion-animal-practice
#19
Lisbeth Rem Jessen, Tina Møller Sørensen, Zenia Littau Lilja, Maja Kristensen, Tine Hald, Peter Damborg
BACKGROUND: The Danish antibiotic use guidelines for companion animal practice were published by the Danish Veterinary Association in 2012. Since then, national surveillance data indicate a 10% reduction in the total use of antibiotics for companion animals, particularly a marked reduction in the use of third generation cephalosporins. The aim of the study was to assess if and how the guidelines have impacted diagnostic and antibiotic prescription habits of the users, and to identify user perceived barriers to implementation...
December 11, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226186/prevalence-of-pelvic-incontinence-in-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis
#20
Fatima Neemuchwala, Fahmida Ahmed, Samya Z Nasr
Cystic fibrosis (CF) patients are at risk for developing pelvic (urinary and/or fecal) incontinence due to progressive weakness of pelvic floor muscles secondary to recurrent episodes of coughing and respiratory infections. Many patients do not bring these symptoms to the attention of their health care providers because of social embarrassment and lack of knowledge of available effective treatment. Several studies have identified the prevalence of incontinence in CF adults and adolescents. However, few studies identified the problem in children with CF...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
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