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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666749/prevalence-of-hiv-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-young-women-engaged-in-sex-work-aboard-foreign-fishing-vessels-in-kiribati
#1
Tebuka Toatu, Paul White, Damian Hoy, Dennie Iniakwala, Onofre Edwin A Merrilles, Sameer Vali Gopalani
Objective: To assess the prevalence of HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among women who board foreign fishing vessels for sex work in Kiribati. Methods: A cross-sectional study was designed to collect data on behavioural risk factors for STIs and knowledge of and attitudes towards HIV and STIs during 2007. Urine and blood samples were collected to test for HIV and select STIs. Descriptive statistics were performed for sociodemographic and behavioural characteristics, and χ2 tests were used to assess associations between potential key determinants and the presence of genital Chlamydia infection...
January 2018: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666710/acute-chest-syndrome-progressing-to-ards-in-a-patient-of-25-week-gestation
#2
Jefferson Chambers, Nichole Smith, Matthew Sehring, Subramanyam Chittivelu
Acute chest syndrome is a complication of sickle cell disease and represents the highest cause of mortality in those afflicted with the disorder. Pregnancy represents an increased risk for complications of sickle cell disease in both the mother and fetus. We present a case of a 20-year-old patient with known sickle cell disease who was at 25-week gestation and developed acute chest syndrome refractory to conventional therapies and requiring emergency cesarean section. Following delivery, the patient developed acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)...
2018: Case Reports in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666681/implications-of-early-pregnancy-obesity-on-maternal-fetal-and-neonatal-health-retrospective-cohort-study-from-oman
#3
Anita Zutshi, Jayasree Santhosh, Julie Sheikh, Fareeha Naeem, Ahmed Al-Hamedi, Shahla Khan, Eishthiag Al-Said
Objectives: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of early pregnancy obesity among Omani women and to review maternal antenatal complications, intrapartum and postpartum events and neonatal complications among such women in comparison to women of normal weight. Methods: This retrospective cohort study included 2,652 pregnant Omani women who delivered at the Royal Hospital, Muscat, Oman, between November 2011 and April 2012. The patients' electronic medical records were reviewed for antenatal, intrapartum and postpartum data...
February 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666171/comparisons-of-the-oxidative-stress-biomarkers-level-in-gdm-and-non-gdm-among-thai-population-cohort-study
#4
Hathairat Rueangdetnarong, Rattanaporn Sekararithi, Thidarat Jaiwongkam, Sirinart Kumfu, Nipon Chattipakorn, Theera Tongsong, Phudit Jatavan
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to compare the levels of oxidative stress biomarkers between pregnancies with GDM and normoglycemic pregnancies. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted on pregnant women at average risk for GDM. The participants were confirmed by 100 g, 3-hour OGTT and categorized into the Control (non-GDM) and GDM groups. All participants were collected for maternal blood at GA 24-28 weeks and early labor and fetal cord blood for measurements of 8-Isoprostane (oxidative stress maker), TNF-α (inflammatory marker) and IL-10 (anti-inflammatory marker) and were followed-up for maternal and neonatal outcomes...
April 17, 2018: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666034/contraceptive-use-effectiveness-and-pregnancy-prevention-information-preferences-among-heterosexual-and-sexual-minority-college-women
#5
Heather D Blunt-Vinti, Erika L Thompson, Stacey B Griner
BACKGROUND: Previous research shows that sexual minority women have higher rates of unintended pregnancy than heterosexual women, but has not considered the wide range of contraceptive method effectiveness when exploring this disparity. We examine contraceptive use effectiveness and desire for pregnancy prevention information among college women across sexual orientation identity as a risk factor for unintended pregnancy. METHODS: Using the National College Health Assessment Fall-2015 dataset, restricted to women who reported engaging in vaginal sex and not wanting to be pregnant (N = 6,486), logistic regression models estimated the odds of contraceptive method effectiveness and desire for pregnancy prevention information by sexual orientation...
April 14, 2018: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665879/maternal-anxiety-depression-and-sleep-disorders-before-and-during-pregnancy-and-preschool-adhd-symptoms-in-the-ninfea-birth-cohort-study
#6
L Vizzini, M Popovic, D Zugna, B Vitiello, M Trevisan, C Pizzi, F Rusconi, L Gagliardi, F Merletti, L Richiardi
AIMS: Maternal mental disorders have been associated with the risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children. Within the context of a mother-child cohort, we examined whether maternal anxiety, depression and sleep disorders are associated with pre-school ADHD symptoms. METHODS: The study included 3634 singletons from the Italian NINFEA (Nascita e INFanzia: gli Effetti dell'Ambiente') cohort. Maternal doctor-diagnosed anxiety, depression and sleep disorders before and during pregnancy were assessed from the questionnaires completed during pregnancy and 6 months after delivery...
April 18, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664656/maternal-anthropometric-characteristics-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-in-iranian-women-a-confirmation-analysis
#7
Hayedeh Hoorsan, Hamid Alavi Majd, Shahla Chaichian, Abolfazl Mehdizadehkashi, Roza Hoorsan, Meisam Akhlaqghdoust, Yousef Moradi
BACKGROUND: Adverse pregnancy outcome are frequent in developing countries. Pregnancy outcomes are influenced by numerous factors. It seems that maternal anthropometric indices are among the most important factors in this era. The aim of this study was to determine any association between maternal anthropometric characteristics and adverse pregnancy outcomes in Iranian women and provide a predictive model by using factors affecting birth weight (BW) via the pathway analysis. METHODS: This study was performed in Alborz province between September 2014 and December 2016...
February 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664552/importance-of-polymorphic-variants-of-tumour-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-gene-in-the-etiology-of-intrauterine-growth-restriction
#8
Agnieszka Kaluba-Skotarczak, Justyna Magiełda, Anna Romała, Grażyna Kurzawińska, Magdalena Barlik, Krzysztof Drews, Marcin Ożarowski, Tomasz Łoziński, Agnieszka Seremak-Mrozikiewicz
OBJECTIVES: Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is one of the main global causes of increased perinatal mortality and fetal and neonatal morbidity. It remains a key challenge for modern perinatal medicine. Negative effects of IUGR are manifested not only in the perinatal period but also at the later stages of life. Proinflammatory cytokines and their polymorphisms are hypothesized to play an important role in IUGR pathomechanisms. The aim of the study was to determine the role of selected polymorphisms (-238G >A, -308G >A and -376G >A) of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) in the etiology of intrauterine growth restriction...
2018: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663452/seroprevalence-and-risk-factors-of-hepatitis-e-virus-infection-among-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-care-in-health-facilities-of-tigray-northern-ethiopia
#9
Selam Niguse, Haftamu Hailekiros, Gerezgiher Buruh, Tadese Dejene, Nega Berhe, Tsehaye Asmelash
Existing literatures from developing countries show an increased mortality and morbidity related to hepatitis E virus during pregnancy as compared to the general population. Studies focusing on pregnant women are required for policy makers to improve maternal and child health. Therefore this study is aimed at determining the prevalence and associated risk factors of hepatitis E virus infection among pregnant women attending the health facilities of Tigray region, Northern Ethiopia. In this cross sectional study 846 pregnant women were included consecutively from April 2014 to February 2016...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662712/do-syrian-refugees-have-increased-risk-for-worser-pregnancy-outcomes-results-of-a-tertiary-center-in-%C3%A4-stanbul
#10
Emre Sinan Güngör, Olcay Seval, Gülşah İlhan, Fatma Ferda Verit
Objective: To compare obstetric and perinatal outcomes of Syrian refugee pregnants and Turkish counterparts who gave birth at a tertiary center in İstanbul. Materials and Methods: A retrospective study including the birth records of 704 Syrian refugees and 744 Turkish pregnant women between January 2016 and May 2017 were analyzed. Demographic data, obstetric and neonatal outcomes were compared. The primary aims of this study were to evaluate the pregnancy outcomes and cesarean rates between the groups...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662523/sexual-health-of-adolescent-patients-admitted-to-a-psychiatric-unit
#11
Megan E Harrison, Stephanie Veldhuijzen van Zanten, Ariana Noel, Louise Gresham, Mark L Norris, Amy Robinson, Jason Chan, Addo Boafo
Objective: To review sexual health screening practices during admission to an adolescent psychiatry unit. Method: Retrospective chart review of randomly selected youth admitted over a one-year period (2013). Data extracted included demographics, reasons for admission, sexual health history, as well as any comorbid behaviours noted. The main outcome measure was whether sexual health details were documented at any time during admission; if so, this information was extracted for analysis...
April 2018: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662044/vitamin-d-deficiency-prevalence-and-predictors-in-early-pregnancy-among-arab-women
#12
Sara Al-Musharaf, Mona A Fouda, Iqbal Z Turkestani, Abdulrahman Al-Ajlan, Shaun Sabico, Abdullah M Alnaami, Kaiser Wani, Syed Danish Hussain, Buthaynah Alraqebah, Amal Al-Serehi, Naemah M Alshingetti, Nasser Al-Daghri, Philip G McTernan, Sunil J Wimalawansa, Ponnusamy Saravanan
Data regarding the prevalence and predictors of vitamin D deficiency during early pregnancy are limited. This study aims to fill this gap. A total of 578 Saudi women in their 1st trimester of pregnancy were recruited between January 2014 and December 2015 from three tertiary care antenatal clinics in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Information collected includes socio-economic, anthropometric, and biochemical data, including serum vitamin D (25(OH)D) levels, intake of calcium and vitamin D, physical activity, and sun exposure indices...
April 15, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661696/use-of-highly-effective-reversible-contraception-in-title-x-clinics-variation-by-selected-state-characteristics
#13
Nathan Hale, Amal Khoury, Michael Smith
BACKGROUND: The use of long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) methods, such as intrauterine devices (IUDs) and implants has demonstrated high effectiveness in preventing pregnancy. While LARC use in Title X programs has increased over the past decade, little is know about the extent to which gains are occurring uniformly across states. METHODS: We examined state-level changes in LARC use among Title X clients between 2012 and 2016 using a repeated cross-sectional study design...
April 13, 2018: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661240/access-factors-linked-to-maternal-deaths-in-lundazi-district-eastern-province-of-zambia-a-case-control-study-analysing-maternal-death-reviews
#14
Nkumbula Moyo, Mpundu Makasa, Mumbi Chola, Patrick Musonda
BACKGROUND: Access factors associated with maternal death are important to understand because they are considered to be an essential measure of women's health and indicative of the performance of health care systems in any community globally. This study aimed to analyse the access risk factors linked to maternal deaths in Lundazi district of the Eastern Province of Zambia using secondary data obtained from maternal death reviews and delivery registers. METHODS: This was a case-control study with cases being recorded maternal deaths for Lundazi district (n = 100) while controls were randomly selected Lundazi District Hospital deliveries (n = 300) for the period 2010 to 2015...
April 16, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661199/adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-in-adolescents-and-young-women-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-national-estimate
#15
Nicole Ling, Erica Lawson, Emily von Scheven
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have increased risk of adverse outcomes including disease flare, spontaneous abortion, preeclampsia/eclampsia, premature birth and maternal death. However, pregnancy outcomes among adolescents and young women with SLE have not been well-explored. Our objective was to compare risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes in adolescents and young women with SLE to risk among peers without SLE. METHODS: We studied the 2000-2011 Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) to estimate the prevalence of adverse pregnancy outcomes in women with SLE aged ≤ 21 years at time of delivery...
April 16, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660858/peer-counselling-improves-breastfeeding-practices-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-in-urban-bangladesh
#16
Gulshan Ara, Mansura Khanam, Nowshin Papri, Baitun Nahar, Md Ahshanul Haque, Iqbal Kabir, Michael J Dibley
This study aimed to evaluate the impact of peer counselling on early initiation of breastfeeding (EIBF) and exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) rates for mother-infant pairs living in urban slums, Dhaka, Bangladesh. This randomized controlled trial enrolled 350 mother-infant pairs from selected slums between September 2014 and July 2016. The women assigned to intervention group received peer counselling from locally recruited, trained community female volunteers starting in third trimester of pregnancy until 6 months after delivery; control group received no intervention...
April 16, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660833/selenium-deficiency-and-pregnancy-outcome-in-pregnant-women-with-hiv-in-lagos-nigeria
#17
Kehinde S Okunade, Olusola F Olowoselu, Gbemisola E Osanyin, Sarah John-Olabode, Sulaimon A Akanmu, Rose I Anorlu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of maternal selenium deficiency and its effects on pregnancy outcomes in pregnant women with HIV in Lagos, Nigeria. METHODS: The present descriptive cross-sectional study enrolled women aged 15-49 years with HIV who were at 14-26 weeks of a singleton pregnancy and were attending Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria, between August 1, 2016, and April 30, 2017. Participants were selected by consecutive sampling and baseline data were collected through interviews...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660612/perfluoroalkyl-substances-and-glycemic-status-in-pregnant-danish-women-the-odense-child-cohort
#18
Richard Christian Jensen, Dorte Glintborg, Clara Amalie Gade Timmermann, Flemming Nielsen, Henriette Boye Kyhl, Helle Raun Andersen, Philippe Grandjean, Tina Kold Jensen, Marianne Andersen
BACKGROUND: Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are persistent chemicals with suspected endocrine disrupting abilities applied in consumer products. PFASs have potentially modulating effects on glucose homeostasis. Insulin resistance prevails during third trimester of pregnancy, and this challenge of glucose homeostasis may reveal putative effects of PFAS concentrations on glycemic status. OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations between five serum PFASs and glucose-related outcomes in pregnant Danish women based on their risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM)...
April 13, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660576/built-spaces-and-features-associated-with-user-satisfaction-in-maternity-waiting-homes-in-malawi
#19
Nathalie McIntosh, Patricia Gruits, Eva Oppel, Amie Shao
OBJECTIVE: To assess satisfaction with maternity waiting home built spaces and features in women who are at risk for underutilizing maternity waiting homes (i.e. residential facilities that temporarily house near-term pregnant mothers close to healthcare facilities that provide obstetrical care). Specifically we wanted to answer the questions: (1) Are built spaces and features associated with maternity waiting home user satisfaction? (2) Can built spaces and features designed to improve hygiene, comfort, privacy and function improve maternity waiting home user satisfaction? And (3) Which built spaces and features are most important for maternity waiting home user satisfaction? DESIGN: A cross-sectional study comparing satisfaction with standard and non-standard maternity waiting home designs...
April 3, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660440/the-long-term-effect-of-maternal-dietary-protein-restriction-on-5-ht-1a-receptor-function-and-behavioral-responses-to-stress-in-adulthood
#20
Wenrui Ye, Michael Duffy Pitlock, Martin A Javors, Brent Thompson, James D Lechleiter, Julie G Hensler
Maternal nutrition impacts fetal development, and may play a role in determining resilience to stress and vulnerability to stress-precipitated psychiatric disorders, such as anxiety and depression. In this study, we examined the effect of a reduction in maternal dietary protein during pregnancy on the brain neurochemistry and behavior of offspring. We focused specifically on the serotonin system, the 5-HT1A receptor and the responsivity of offspring as adults to stress. Dams were fed either a low protein diet (10% protein by weight) or isocaloric control diet (20% protein by weight)...
April 13, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
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