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american journal of hypertension

Y Mossavar-Rahmani, D Sotres-Alvarez, W W Wong, C M Loria, M D Gellman, L Van Horn, M H Alderman, J M Beasley, C M Lora, A M Siega-Riz, R C Kaplan, P A Shaw
Measurement error in assessment of sodium and potassium intake obscures associations with health outcomes. The level of this error in a diverse US Hispanic/Latino population is unknown. We investigated the measurement error in self-reported dietary intake of sodium and potassium and examined differences by background (Central American, Cuban, Dominican, Mexican, Puerto Rican and South American). In 2010-2012, we studied 447 participants aged 18-74 years from four communities (Miami, Bronx, Chicago and San Diego), obtaining objective 24-h urinary sodium and potassium excretion measures...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
Matthew F Chersich, Greg Martin
This commentary sums the findings of a series of papers on a study that mapped the global research agenda for maternal health. The mapping reviewed published interventional research across low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) from 2000 to 2012, specifically focusing on investigating the topics covered by this research, the methodologies applied, the funding landscape and trends in authorship attribution.The overarching aim underpinning the mapping activities was to evaluate whether research and funding align with causes of maternal mortality, and thereby highlight gaps in research priorities and governance...
February 2, 2017: Globalization and Health
N Boubouchairopoulou, A Kollias, B Chiu, B Chen, S Lagou, P Anestis, G S Stergiou
A pocket-size cuffless electronic device for self-measurement of blood pressure (BP) has been developed (Freescan, Maisense Inc., Zhubei, Taiwan). The device estimates BP within 10 s using three embedded electrodes and one force sensor that is applied over the radial pulse to evaluate the pulse wave. Before use, basic anthropometric characteristics are recorded on the device, and individualized initial calibration is required based on a standard BP measurement performed using an upper-arm BP monitor. The device performance in providing valid BP readings was evaluated in 313 normotensive and hypertensive adults in three study phases during which the device sensor was upgraded...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
A J Shallcross, M Butler, R M Tanner, A Bress, P Muntner, D Shimbo, G Ogedegbe, M Sims, T M Spruill
Apparent treatment-resistant hypertension (aTRH) is associated with adverse cardiovascular outcomes. aTRH is common and disproportionately affects African Americans. The objective of this study is to explore psychosocial correlates of aTRH in a population-based cohort of African Americans with hypertension. The sample included 1392 participants in the Jackson Heart Study with treated hypertension who reported being adherent to their antihypertensive medications. aTRH was defined as uncontrolled clinic BP (⩾140/90 mm Hg) with ⩾3 classes of antihypertensive medication or treatment with ⩾4 classes of antihypertensive medication, including a diuretic...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
N Franceschini, R C Fry, P Balakrishnan, A Navas-Acien, C Oliver-Williams, A G Howard, S A Cole, K Haack, E M Lange, B V Howard, L G Best, K A Francesconi, W Goessler, J G Umans, M Tellez-Plaza
Cadmium (Cd) is an environmental pollutant that has been associated with cardiovascular disease in populations, but the relationship of Cd with hypertension has been inconsistent. We studied the association between urinary Cd concentrations, a measure of total body burden, and blood pressure in American Indians, a US population with above national average Cd burden. Urinary Cd was measured using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, and adjusted for urinary creatinine concentration. Among 3714 middle-aged American Indian participants of the Strong Heart Study (mean age 56 years, 41% male, 67% ever-smokers, 23% taking antihypertensive medications), urinary Cd ranged from 0...
March 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
L D Levine, C Nkonde-Price, M Limaye, S K Srinivas
OBJECTIVE: To determine factors associated with lower 6-week postpartum follow-up rates and persistent hypertension among women with preeclampsia with severe features (PEC-S). STUDY DESIGN: Planned secondary analysis of a retrospective cohort study of women with PEC-S. Outcomes were (1) attendance at the 6-week postpartum visit and (2) persistent hypertension. RESULTS: One hundred ninety-three women were in the final cohort. The 6-week follow-up rate was 52...
December 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
G Kapuku, F Treiber, F Raouane, J Halbert, H Davis, S Young-Mayes, V Robinson, G Harshfield
Oxidative stress (OS) and cardiovascular (CV) reactivity are related to CV morbidity and mortality. However, little is known about the relationships between these CV risk factors and their confounders. We hypothesize that higher OS is linked to higher blood pressure (BP) reactivity to acute laboratory stressors and in the natural setting. We studied 137 subjects with a family history of hypertension and early myocardial infarction. There were 63 European Americans (EAs) (38 males) and 74 African Americans (AAs) (35 males), aged 19-36 (27...
January 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
Ari Zimran, Gloria Durán, Atul Mehta, Pilar Giraldo, Hanna Rosenbaum, Fiorina Giona, Dominick J Amato, Milan Petakov, Eduardo Terreros Muñoz, Sergio Eduardo Solorio-Meza, Peter A Cooper, Sheeba Varughese, Raul Chertkoff, Einat Brill-Almon
Taliglucerase alfa is an intravenous enzyme replacement therapy approved for treatment of type 1 Gaucher disease (GD), and is the first available plant cell-expressed recombinant therapeutic protein. Herein, we report long-term safety and efficacy results of taliglucerase alfa in treatment-naïve adult patients with GD. Patients were randomized to receive taliglucerase alfa 30 or 60 U/kg every other week, and 23 patients completed 36 months of treatment. Taliglucerase alfa (30 U/kg; 60 U/kg, respectively) resulted in mean decreases in spleen volume (50...
July 2016: American Journal of Hematology
S G Bromfield, D Shimbo, A G Bertoni, M Sims, A P Carson, P Muntner
Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) can detect phenotypes associated with increased cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Diabetes is associated with increased CVD risk but few data are available documenting whether blood pressure (BP) phenotypes, detected by ABPM, differ between individuals with versus without diabetes. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of 567 participants in the Jackson Heart Study, a population-based study of African Americans, taking antihypertensive medication to evaluate the association between diabetes and ABPM phenotypes...
December 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
Annemarie Lyng Svensson, Robin Christensen, Frederik Persson, Brian Bridal Løgstrup, Annamaria Giraldi, Christian Graugaard, Ulrich Fredberg, Jesper Blegvad, Tina Thygesen, Inger Marie Jensen Hansen, Ada Colic, Döne Bagdat, Palle Ahlquist, Hanne Slott Jensen, Kim Hørslev-Petersen, Ekta Sheetal, Torben Grube Christensen, Lone Svendsen, Henrik Emmertsen, Torkell Ellingsen
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular morbidity is a major burden in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In this study, we compare the effect of a targeted, intensified, multifactorial intervention with that of conventional treatment of modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in patients with early RA fulfilling the 2010 American College of Rheumatology European League Against Rheumatism (ACR/EULAR) criteria. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The study is a prospective, randomised, open label trial with blinded end point assessment and balanced randomisation (1:1) conducted in 10 outpatient clinics in Denmark...
April 20, 2016: BMJ Open
A N Do, A I Lynch, S A Claas, E Boerwinkle, B R Davis, C E Ford, J H Eckfeldt, H K Tiwari, D K Arnett, M R Irvin
African Americans have the highest prevalence of hypertension in the United States. Blood pressure (BP) control is important to reduce cardiovascular disease-related morbidity and mortality in this ethnic group. Genetic variants have been found to be associated with BP response to treatment. Previous pharmacogenetic studies of BP response to treatment in African Americans suffer limitations of small sample size as well as a limited number of candidate genes, and often focused on one antihypertensive treatment...
September 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
Fatimah Jackson, Latifa Jackson, Christopher Cross, Cameron Clarke
OBJECTIVES: How important is it to be able to reconstruct the lives of a highly diverse, historically recent macroethnic group over the course of 400 years? How many insights into human evolutionary biology and disease susceptibilities could be gained, even with this relatively recent window into the past? In this article, we explore the potential ramifications of a newly constructed dataset of Four Centuries of African American Biological Variation (4Cs). METHODS: This article provides initial lists of digitized variables formatted as SQL tables for the 17th and 18th century samples and for the 19th and 20th century samples...
July 2016: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
Ernesto L Schiffrin, David A Calhoun, John M Flack, Sadayoshi Ito, R Clinton Webb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: American Journal of Hypertension
A D Shah, N R Kandula, F Lin, M A Allison, J Carr, D Herrington, K Liu, A M Kanaya
BACKGROUND: Small studies have shown that South Asians (SAs) have more total body, subcutaneous, visceral and hepatic fat and abnormal adipokine levels compared with Whites. However, comprehensive studies of body composition and adipokines in SAs compared with other ethnic groups are lacking. METHODS: Using harmonized data, we performed a cross-sectional analysis of two community-based cohorts: Mediators of Atherosclerosis of South Asians Living in America (MASALA, n=906) and Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA which included 2622 Whites, 803 Chinese Americans, 1893 African Americans and 1496 Latinos)...
April 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Benjamin B Massenburg, Paymon Sanati-Mehrizy, Michael J Ingargiola, Jonatan Hernandez Rosa, Peter J Taub
PURPOSE: There are many options for breast reconstruction following a mastectomy, and data on outcomes are greatly needed for both the patient and the care provider. This study aims to identify the prevalence and predictors of adverse outcomes in autologous breast reconstruction in order to better inform patients and surgeons when choosing a surgical technique. METHODS: This study retrospectively reviewed the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) and identified each autologous breast reconstruction performed between 2005 and 2012...
December 2015: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
P Mulatero, F Schiavi, T A Williams, S Monticone, G Barbon, G Opocher, F Fallo
Idiopathic hyperaldosteronism (IHA) due to bilateral adrenal hyperplasia is the most common subtype of primary aldosteronism (PA). The pathogenesis of IHA is still unknown, but the bilateral disease suggests a potential predisposing genetic alteration. Heterozygous germline mutations of armadillo repeat containing 5 (ARMC5) have been shown to be associated with hypercortisolism due to sporadic primary bilateral macronodular adrenal hyperplasia and are also observed in African-American PA patients. We investigated the presence of germline ARMC5 mutations in a group of PA patients who had bilateral computed tomography-detectable adrenal alterations...
June 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
Carol Jean Abesamis, Sharon Fruh, Heather Hall, Trey Lemley, Kimberly R Zlomke
PURPOSE: Filipino Americans (FAs) are at high risk for cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this literature review is to enhance understanding of cardiovascular health among FAs. DESIGN: Databases searched: MEDLINE (via PubMed), Google Scholar, Journals@OVID, and EBSCO databases including CINAHL Complete. Health Source: Nursing/Academic Edition, Academic Search Complete, and Biological Abstracts 1969-Present. Key terms used: FAs and cardiovascular disease. Criteria for inclusion: peer-reviewed empirical articles published in English...
September 2016: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
V M Oguoma, E U Nwose, R S Richards
OBJECTIVE: This is a systematic review of the distribution of cardiometabolic syndrome (CMS) in Nigeria, the clinical definitions widely used and how it affects the proposition of a national prevalence of CMS that will advise management interventions. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review of literature. METHODS: To present a comprehensive report of the distribution of CMS in Nigeria, extensive searches was carried out on PubMed, African Journals Online (AJOL), SCOPUS, EBSCOhost (CINAHL Plus), Google Scholar and Science Direct using terms: Nigeria, metabolic syndrome, cardio-metabolic syndrome, syndrome X, World Health Organization, International Diabetic Federation, National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III, European Group for study on Insulin Resistance, American Association of Clinical Endocrinologist, American Heart Association/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute...
May 2015: Public Health
Brian D Carter, Christian C Abnet, Diane Feskanich, Neal D Freedman, Patricia Hartge, Cora E Lewis, Judith K Ockene, Ross L Prentice, Frank E Speizer, Michael J Thun, Eric J Jacobs
BACKGROUND: Mortality among current smokers is 2 to 3 times as high as that among persons who never smoked. Most of this excess mortality is believed to be explained by 21 common diseases that have been formally established as caused by cigarette smoking and are included in official estimates of smoking-attributable mortality in the United States. However, if smoking causes additional diseases, these official estimates may significantly underestimate the number of deaths attributable to smoking...
February 12, 2015: New England Journal of Medicine
Alexander Ströhle
High dietary salt intake increases blood pressure and impairs cardiovascular health in the long-run. Therefore, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the American Heart Association (AHA) have argued for a target of 1500-2000mg of sodium per day (4-5 g sodium chloride daily). However, this recommendation is accompanied by a growing criticism. Recently, two papers published in the New England Journal of Medicine and a meta-analysis published in the September issue of the American Journal of Hypertension have flared up the "salt controversy"...
December 2014: Medizinische Monatsschrift Für Pharmazeuten
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