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Athanasios Douskos, Aris Giannos, Sofoklis Stavrou, Maria Sotiropoulou, Eleni Feida, Constantine Dimitrakakis, Peter Drakakis, Alexandros Rodolakis
INTRODUCTION: Lobular breast carcinoma includes lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) and invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC). The association of LCIS with total metastatic lobular breast cancer is very rare. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We present a case of a totally metastatic lobular breast cancer in an asymptomatic 64-year-old postmenopausal woman, with no suspicious microcalcifications in mammography. A total hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, pelvic lymphadenectomy, infracolic omentectomy and appendectomy was performed along with a quadrantectomy of the upper outer quadrant of left breast, and systematic isolateral lymphadenectomy of the left axilla...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Ayca Gucalp, Xi K Zhou, Elise D Cook, Judy E Garber, Katherine D Crew, Julie R Nangia, Priya Bhardwaj, Dilip D Giri, Olivier Elemento, Akanksha Verma, Hanhan Wang, J Jack Lee, Lana A Vornik, Carrie Mays, Diane Weber, Valerie Sepeda, Holly O'Kane, Margaret Krasne, Samantha Williams, Patrick G Morris, Brandy M Heckman-Stoddard, Barbara K Dunn, Clifford A Hudis, Powel H Brown, Andrew J Dannenberg
Obesity, a cause of subclinical inflammation, is a risk factor for the development of postmenopausal breast cancer (BC) and is associated with poorer cancer outcomes. Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), an omega-3 fatty acid, possesses anti-inflammatory properties. We hypothesized that treatment with DHA would reduce the expression of proinflammatory genes and aromatase, the rate-limiting enzyme for estrogen biosynthesis, in benign breast tissue of overweight/obese women. A randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind phase II study of DHA given for 12 weeks to overweight/obese women with a history of stage I-III BC, DCIS/LCIS, Paget's disease, or proliferative benign breast disease was carried out...
February 16, 2018: Cancer Prevention Research
Bao-Hua Yu, Shao-Xian Tang, Xiao-Li Xu, Yu-Fan Cheng, Rui Bi, Ruo-Hong Shui, Xiao-Yu Tu, Hong-Fen Lu, Xiao-Yan Zhou, Wen-Tao Yang
AIMS: To fully elucidate the clinicopathological features of breast carcinoma in sclerosing adenosis (SA-BC). METHODS: Clinical and histological characteristics of 206 SA-BCs from 180 patients were retrospectively evaluated. Immunohistochemical phenotype was examined. The clinicopathological relevance of the topographical pattern of SA-BCs was analysed. RESULTS: Overall, up to 46 patients (25.6%) had contralateral cancer, either SA associated or not...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pathology
Hannah Y Wen, Edi Brogi
Lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) is a risk factor and a nonobligate precursor of breast carcinoma. The relative risk of invasive carcinoma after classic LCIS diagnosis is approximately 9 to 10 times that of the general population. Classic LCIS diagnosed on core biopsy with concordant imaging and pathologic findings does not mandate surgical excision, and margin status is not reported. The identification of variant LCIS in a needle core biopsy specimen mandates surgical excision, regardless of radiologic-pathologic concordance...
March 2018: Surgical Pathology Clinics
Halley Vora, Sungjin Kim, Farin Amersi, Armando Giuliano, Alice Chung
The optimal management of lobular carcinoma In Situ (LCIS) has largely been debated. This study evaluated practice patterns and outcomes in women diagnosed with LCIS at a single institution from 2000 to 2014. Patient characteristics, histology, method of diagnosis, and management were examined in relation to disease-free survival, and overall survival (OS). A total of 209 patients were identified. Surgical management in the majority of patients was excisional biopsy or local excision. Patients diagnosed with LCIS by core biopsy were less likely to have mastectomy as compared with other methods of initial diagnosis (P = 0...
October 1, 2017: American Surgeon
Amy E McCart Reed, Jamie R Kutasovic, Katia Nones, Jodi M Saunus, Leonard Da Silva, Felicity Newell, Stephen Kazakoff, Lewis Melville, Janani Jayanthan, Ana Cristina Vargas, Lynne E Reid, Jonathan Beesley, Xiao Qing Chen, Anne Marie Patch, D David Clouston, Alan Porter, Elizabeth Evans, John V Pearson, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Margaret C Cummings, Nic Waddell, Sunil R Lakhani, Peter T Simpson
Mixed ductal-lobular carcinomas (MDL) display both ductal and lobular morphology, and are an archetypal example of intra-tumour morphological heterogeneity. The mechanisms underlying coexistence of these different morphologic entities are poorly understood, although theories include that these components either represent 'collision' of independent tumours or evolve from a common ancestor. We performed comprehensive clinico-pathological analysis of a cohort of 82 MDLs and found: i) MDLs more frequently co-exist with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) than lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS); ii) the E-cadherin-catenin complex was normal in the ductal component in 77...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Pathology
Yazan A Masannat, Ehab Husain, Rebecca Roylance, Steven D Heys, Pauline J Carder, Hiam Ali, Yasmine Maurice, Sarah E Pinder, Elinor Sawyer, Abeer M Shaaban
AIMS: Pleomorphic lobular carcinoma in situ (PLCIS) is a relatively newly described pathological lesion that is distinguished from classical LCIS by its large pleomorphic nuclei. The lesion is uncommon and its appropriate management has been debated. The aim of this study is to review data from a large series of PLCIS to examine its natural history in order to guide management plans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Comprehensive pathology data were collected from two cohorts; one from a UK multicentre audit and the other a series of PLCIS cases identified from within the GLACIER study cohort...
January 5, 2018: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
Hale Aydin, Bahar Guner, Isil Esen Bostanci, Melda Boyacioglu Bulut, Bilgin Kadri Aribas, Lutfi Dogan, Mehmet Ali Gulcelik
OBJECTIVE: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is being used increasingly as a modality than can provide important information about breast cancer. Diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) is an imaging technique from which ADC values can be calculated in addition to obtaining important structural information which cannot be obtained from other imaging studies. We did not find any significant relationships between ADC values and prognostic factors, but did provide some explanations for conflicting results in the literature...
January 4, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
Hank Schmidt, Brittany Arditi, Margaux Wooster, Christina Weltz, Laurie Margolies, Ira Bleiweiss, Elisa Port, Shabnam Jaffer
PURPOSE: Controversy surrounds management of lobular neoplasia (LN), [atypical lobular hyperplasia (ALH) or lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS)], diagnosed on core needle biopsy (CNB). Retrospective series of pure ALH and LCIS reported "upgrade" rate to DCIS or invasive cancer in 0-40%. Few reports document radiologic/pathologic correlation to exclude cases of discordance that are the likely source of most upgrades, and there is minimal data on outcomes with follow-up imaging and clinical surveillance...
January 3, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Tianhua Guo, Yihong Wang, Nella Shapiro, Susan Fineberg
INTRODUCTION: Pleomorphic lobular carcinoma in situ (PLCIS) is a variant of LCIS with high-grade morphologic features. The number of case series studying PLCIS is limited, and clinical management of patients with PLCIS is controversial. We report a breast core biopsy (BCBx) series of PLCIS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed 37 cases of PLCIS with or without microinvasion diagnosed by BCBx. PLCIS was defined as dyscohesive cells showing acinar expansion and loss of immunohistochemical membranous expression of e-cadherin or beta-catenin with nuclear pleomorphism with at least 2- to 3-fold variation in nuclear size, membrane irregularities, and variably prominent nucleoli...
October 7, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
Xiaoyan Cui, Shi Wei
Ductal or lobular carcinoma in situ (DCIS/LCIS) can rarely arise from sclerosing adenosis (SA). The combination of cytologically malignant cells and the infiltrative growth pattern may make it challenging to distinguish it from an invasive carcinoma. The authors reviewed 50 consecutive cases of CIS involving SA to seek the salient histologic characteristics in order to prevent overdiagnosis. The features commonly seen with CIS were the lobular configuration at low magnification (94%), uninvolved SA in neighboring tissue (84%), at least focally identifiable myoepithelial cells on H&E-stained sections (76%), separate foci of unequivocal CIS (58%), associated microcalcifications (54%), and hyaline basement membrane surrounding tumor cell nests (48%)...
September 2017: Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science
Antoine Esnouf, Éric Latrille, Jean-Philippe Steyer, Arnaud Helias
Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) characterises all the exchanges between human driven activities and the environment, thus representing a powerful approach for tackling the environmental impact of a production system. However, LCA practitioners must still choose the appropriate Life Cycle Impact Assessment (LCIA) method to use and are expected to justify this choice: impacts should be relevant facing the concerns of the study and misrepresentations should be avoided. This work aids practitioners in evaluating the adequacy between the assessed environmental issues and studied production system...
October 18, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Mieke Raap, Malte Gronewold, Henriette Christgen, Silke Glage, Mohammad Bentires-Alj, Shany Koren, Patrick W Derksen, Mirjam Boelens, Jos Jonkers, Ulrich Lehmann, Friedrich Feuerhake, Elna Kuehnle, Oleg Gluz, Ronald Kates, Ulrike Nitz, Nadia Harbeck, Hans H Kreipe, Matthias Christgen
Transcription factor AP-2β (TFAP2B) regulates embryonic organ development and is overexpressed in alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma, a rare childhood malignancy. Gene expression profiling has implicated AP-2β in breast cancer (BC). This study characterizes AP-2β expression in the mammary gland and in BC. AP-2β protein expression was assessed in the normal mammary gland epithelium, in various reactive, metaplastic and pre-invasive neoplastic lesions and in two clinical BC cohorts comprising >2000 patients. BCs from various genetically engineered mouse (GEM) models were also evaluated...
October 16, 2017: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
Antuono Latronico, Luca Nicosia, Angela Faggian, Francesca Abbate, Silvia Penco, Anna Bozzini, Christine Cannataci, Giovanni Mazzarol, Enrico Cassano
INTRODUCTION: Atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH) is a high-risk benign lesion found in approximately 1-10% of breast biopsies and associated with a variable incidence of carcinoma after surgical excision. The main goal of our study is to present our experience in the management and long-term follow-up of 71 patients with ADH diagnosed on breast biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Results of 3808 breast biopsy specimens from 1 January 2000 to 31 December 2005 were analyzed to identify all biopsies which resulted in a diagnosis of ADH...
February 2018: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
Carolina E Fasola, Jie Jane Chen, Kristin C Jensen, Kimberly H Allison, Kathleen C Horst
Pleomorphic lobular carcinoma in situ (PLCIS) of the breast is a rare variant of lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS). We reviewed 78 cases of PLCIS diagnosed at our institution from 1998 to 2012. Among all cases, 47 (60%) were associated with invasive carcinoma and/or ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) after final surgical excision. Of the 20 cases with PLCIS alone on core needle biopsy (CNB), 6 (30%) were upgraded to invasive carcinoma or DCIS after final surgical excision. Our findings support a recommendation for complete surgical excision of PLCIS when diagnosed on CNB...
September 19, 2017: Breast Journal
Russell Jude Chander, Levinia Lim, Sagarika Handa, Shaun Hiu, Angeline Choong, Xuling Lin, Rajinder Singh, Daniel Oh, Nagaendran Kandiah
BACKGROUND: While atrial fibrillation (AF) is an important risk factor for ischemic strokes and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in Alzheimer's disease, the association between AF and post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI), and the factors mediating this association, is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of AF in PSCI, especially in relation to other markers of cerebrovascular disease. METHODS: 445 subjects with mild ischemic stroke without pre-stroke cognitive decline were assessed 3-6 months post-stroke for cognitive deficits...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Janet Yeh, Jennifer Chun, Shira Schwartz, Annie Wang, Elizabeth Kern, Amber A Guth, Deborah Axelrod, Richard Shapiro, Freya Schnabel
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare and contrast the clinical characteristics of the triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) and non-TNBC patients, with a particular focus on genetic susceptibility and risk factors prior to diagnosis. METHODS: Our institutional database was queried for all patients diagnosed with invasive breast cancer between January 2010 and May 2016. RESULTS: Out of a total of 1964 patients, 190 (10%) patients had TNBC...
2017: International Journal of Breast Cancer
Gemma Jacklyn, Stephen Morrell, Kevin McGeechan, Nehmat Houssami, Les Irwig, Nirmala Pathmanathan, Alexandra Barratt
BACKGROUND: The incidence of non-invasive breast cancer has increased substantially over time. We aim to describe temporal trends in the incidence of carcinoma in situ of the breast in New South Wales (NSW), Australia. METHODS: Descriptive study of trends in the incidence of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) in women who received a diagnosis from 1972 to 2012, recorded in the NSW Cancer Registry. RESULTS: Carcinoma in situ as a proportion of all breast cancer was 0...
September 4, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
Matthew B Spraker, Courtney E Francis, Larissa Korde, Janice Kim, Lia Halasz
This report describes a solitary orbital metastasis of lobular carcinoma in a woman 35 years after diagnosis of right breast lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS). After partial response to anastrozole, the patient was treated with proton radiotherapy to 45 cobalt gray equivalents (CGE) with an excellent response. We additionally discuss treatment strategies for this rare metastatic site.
June 28, 2017: Curēus
Ali Linsk, Tejas S Mehta, Vandana Dialani, Alexander Brook, Tamuna Chadashvili, Mary Jane Houlihan, Ranjna Sharma
Atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH), atypical lobular hyperplasia (ALH), and lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) are commonly seen on breast core needle biopsy (CNB). Many institutions recommend excision of these lesions to exclude malignancy. A retrospective chart review was performed on patients who had ADH, ALH, or LCIS on breast CNB from 1/1/08 to 12/31/10 who subsequently had surgical excision of the biopsy site. Study objectives included determining upgrade to malignancy at surgical excision, identification of predictors of upgrade, and validation of a recently published predictive model...
August 22, 2017: Breast Journal
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