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cold vs hard water

Masako Furuya-Yoshinaka, Masaki Yoshinaka, Fumihiko Isogai, Yoshinobu Maeda
PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine how coverage of the hard palate by an experimental palatal plate influenced thermosensation. METHODS: A total of 20 young adult volunteers were recruited from Osaka University Graduate School of Dentistry. An experimental palatal plate, 1.5mm in thickness, was made for each subject from acrylic resin. The stimulus water were either warmed to 40, 42, 44, 46, or 48 degrees C or cooled to 30, 26, 22, 18, or 14 degrees C in a constant-temperature water bath, and the control water were maintained at 37 degrees C...
October 2009: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
Sandra Schöttner, Friederike Hoffmann, Christian Wild, Hans Tore Rapp, Antje Boetius, Alban Ramette
The discovery of large ecosystems of cold-water corals (CWC), stretching along continental margins in depths of hundreds to thousands of meters, has raised many questions regarding their ecology, biodiversity and relevance as deep-sea hard-ground habitat. This study represents the first investigation that explicitly targets bacterial diversity from distinct microbial habitats associated with the cosmopolitan reef-building coral Lophelia pertusa, and also compares natural (fjord) and controlled (aquarium) conditions...
June 2009: ISME Journal
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