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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906796/cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-adolescents-with-celiac-disease-a-cross-sectional-population-based-study
#1
Amit Assa, Yael Frenkel-Nir, Dorit Tzur, Lior H Katz, Raanan Shamir
BACKGROUND: Recent data have shown that adults with celiac disease (CD) may have a higher prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) compared with the general population. Thus, we aimed to investigate the association of CD with CVD risk factors at late adolescence in a cross-sectional population based study. METHODS: A total of 2,001,353 Jewish Israeli adolescents who underwent a general health examination at median age of 17.1y from 1988 to 2015 were included...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901293/live-birth-sex-ratios-and-father-s-geographic-origins-in-jerusalem-1964-1976
#2
J Groeger, M Opler, K Kleinhaus, M C Perrin, R Calderon-Margalit, O Manor, O Paltiel, D Conley, S Harlap, D Malaspina
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether ancestry influenced sex ratios of offspring in a birth cohort before parental antenatal sex selection influenced offspring sex. METHODS: We measured the sex ratio as the percent of males according to countries of birth of paternal and maternal grandfathers in 91,459 live births from 1964 to 1976 in the Jerusalem Perinatal Study. Confidence limits (CI) were computed based on an expected sex ratio of 1.05, which is 51.4% male. RESULTS: Of all live births recorded, 51...
November 30, 2016: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900810/population-based-study-of-attitudes-toward-brca-genetic-testing-among-orthodox-jewish-women
#3
Eve Y Tang, Meghna S Trivedi, Rita Kukufka, Wendy K Chung, Raven David, Leah Respler, Sarah Leifer, Isaac Schechter, Katherine D Crew
Given the high prevalence (1 in 40) of BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations among Ashkenazi Jews, population-based BRCA genetic testing in this ethnic subgroup may detect more mutation carriers. We conducted a cross-sectional survey among Orthodox Jewish women in New York City to assess breast cancer risk, genetic testing knowledge, self-efficacy, perceived breast cancer risk and worry, religious and cultural factors affecting medical decision-making. We used descriptive statistics and multivariable logistic regression models to identify predictors of genetic testing intention/uptake...
November 30, 2016: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895102/delaying-and-seeking-care-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-the-role-of-gender-family-and-morality
#4
Dana Zarhin
Social scientists have proposed various theories as to when, why, and how people come to seek medical care for multiple conditions. Yet, there is still little empirical research to illustrate the pathways into and out of care, especially for chronic illness. This article contributes to this body of work by exploring individuals' reasons for delaying and seeking care for obstructive sleep apnea, which despite being the most diagnosed sleep disorder, has been largely neglected by social scientists. Drawing upon in-depth interviews with 65 Jewish-Israeli obstructive sleep apnea patients, this study shows how intersections of gender, family, and morality shape and are shaped by care-seeking behavior...
November 28, 2016: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893233/trajectories-of-victimization-in-ethnic-diaspora-immigrant-and-native-adolescents-separating-acculturation-from-development
#5
Philipp Jugert, Peter F Titzmann
This longitudinal study aimed to differentiate between acculturative and developmental processes by (a) comparing levels and change rates in victimization among ethnic German immigrants and native German adolescents in Germany and Russian Jewish immigrants in Israel, and (b) testing whether interindividual differences in victimization among immigrant youth can be explained by the same general factors as in native groups or by migration-specific factors. In addition, we tested whether or not acculturative and developmental processes interact...
November 28, 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879969/factors-associated-with-choice-of-approach-for-group-b-streptococcus-screening
#6
H Sefty, A Klivitsky, M Bromberg, R Dichtiar, M Ben Ami, T Shohat, A Glatman-Freedman
BACKGROUND: The crude rate of early-onset Group B streptococcus disease (EOGBS) in Israel has been consistently under 0.5 for 1000 live births for the past 8 years. The Israeli Ministry of Health has adapted the risk factor based approach for preventing EOGBS and universal bacteriological screening for GBS is not recommended. In spite of this policy, there are indications that many pregnant women in Israel undergo bacteriological screening for GBS. The objective of this study is to assess the rate and characteristics of pregnant women who undergo screening for group B streptococcus (GBS) colonization in Israel...
2016: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875073/orthodox-jewish-thought-leaders-insights-regarding-brca-mutations-a-descriptive-study
#7
Toby Bressler, Beth Popp
PURPOSE: To examine the factors that influence Orthodox Jewish (OJ) thought leaders' perceptions of genetic counseling and testing for BRCA mutations. The specific aims of this study were to describe (1) OJ thought leaders' views on genetic counseling and testing for BRCA mutation status and (2) insights into this high-risk faith-based minority group and their beliefs about counseling and testing for BRCA mutations. METHODS: In-depth focus groups and demographic questionnaires were used in this descriptive, qualitative study, which was performed in the cancer center of a 750-bed community teaching hospital in Brooklyn, New York...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871955/challenges-to-practicing-sexual-medicine-in-the-middle-east
#8
REVIEW
Abdulaziz Baazeem
INTRODUCTION: The Middle East is a vast region that includes the Arabian Peninsula, Turkey, Iran, the Levant, and North Africa. Some of the world's earliest civilizations appeared in this region and major religions such as Judaism, Christianity, and Islam originated there. It is an influential region in politics, economy, and resources, but it remains largely enigmatic to those outside the region. The various ethnicities, religions, traditions, and customs in the region have made it unique and diverse at the same time...
July 2016: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866339/recurrent-tp53-missense-mutation-in-cancer-patients-of-arab-descent
#9
Aviad Zick, Luna Kadouri, Sherri Cohen, Michael Frohlinger, Tamar Hamburger, Naama Zvi, Morasha Plaser, Eilat Avital, Shani Breuier, Firase Elian, Azzam Salah, Yael Goldberg, Tamar Peretz
Hereditary cancer comprises more than 10% of all breast cancer cases. Identification of germinal mutations enables the initiation of a preventive program that can include early detection or preventive treatment and may also have a major impact on cancer therapy. Several recurrent mutations were identified in the BRCA1/2 genes in Jewish populations however, in other ethnic groups in Israel, no recurrent mutations were identified to date. Our group established panel sequencing in cancer patients to identify recurrent, founder, and new mutations in the heterogeneous and diverse populations in Israel, We evaluated five breast cancer patients of Arab descent diagnosed with cancer before the age of 50 years and identified the previously described TP53 mutation, c...
November 19, 2016: Familial Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864945/risk-of-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-penetrates-across-immigrant-generations-a-migrant-cohort-study-of-2-3-million-jewish-israeli-adolescents
#10
Yakir Rottenberg, Hagai Levine, Lital Keinan-Boker, Estela Derazne, Adi Leiba, Jeremy D Kark
Nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) incidence varies widely across geographic regions and ethnic groups. We conducted a large-scale migrant cohort study to assess origin and migrant generation as predictors of NPC, controlling for possible confounders. Data on 2.3 million Jewish Israeli adolescents, who underwent a compulsory general health examination at ages 16-19 between the years 1967-2011 were linked to the Israel National Cancer Registry to obtain incident NPC up to 2012. Cox proportional hazards was used to model time to event...
November 16, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863357/cardiovascular-health-among-two-ethnic-groups-living-in-the-same-region-a-population-based-study
#11
Michal Benderly, Angela Chetrit, Havi Murad, Kathleen Abu-Saad, Michal Gillon-Keren, Ori Rogowski, Ben-Ami Sela, Hannah Kanety, Dror Harats, Ahmed Atamna, Gershon Alpert, Uri Goldbourt, Ofra Kalter-Leibovici
BACKGROUND: Poor cardiovascular health (CVH) among ethnic/racial minorities, studied primarily in the USA, may reflect lower access to healthcare. We examined factors associated with minority CVH in a setting of universal access to healthcare. METHODS AND RESULTS: CVH behaviors and factors were evaluated in a random population sample (551 Arabs, 553 Jews) stratified by sex, ethnicity and age. More Jews (10%) than Arabs (3%) had 3 ideal health behaviors. Only one participant had all four...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862104/the-influence-of-helicobacter-pylori-on-the-ethnic-distribution-of-barrett-s-metaplasia
#12
A Sonnenberg, K O Turner, S J Spechler, R M Genta
BACKGROUND: Environmental risk factors associated with ethnicity may contribute to the occurrence of Barrett's metaplasia. AIM: Our aim was to investigate the interaction between ethnicity and Helicobacter pylori infection in the occurrence of Barrett's metaplasia among patients undergoing oesophago-gastro-duodenoscopy. METHODS: The Miraca Life Sciences Database is an electronic repository of histopathological patient records. A case-control study evaluated the influence of age, gender, ethnicity and histological diagnosis of H...
November 9, 2016: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856072/the-behind-the-scenes-activity-of-parental-decision-making-discourse-regarding-childhood-vaccination
#13
Anat Gesser-Edelsburg, Nathan Walter, Yaffa Shir-Raz, Oshrat Sassoni Bar-Lev, Shira Rosenblat
BACKGROUND: Vaccine compliance has long been a cause for concern for health authorities throughout the world. However very little effort has been made to examine parental discourse during the decision-making process. METHODS: An online survey was conducted (N = 437) to examine predictors of parents' attitudes regarding childhood vaccination. RESULTS: Hesitant parents were 4 times more likely to conduct intrafamily discussion regarding vaccination compared with provaccination parents (Exp[B] = 4...
November 14, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849588/adolescents-growing-up-amidst-intractable-conflict-attenuate-brain-response-to-pain-of-outgroup
#14
Jonathan Levy, Abraham Goldstein, Moran Influs, Shafiq Masalha, Orna Zagoory-Sharon, Ruth Feldman
Adolescents' participation in intergroup conflicts comprises an imminent global risk, and understanding its neural underpinnings may open new perspectives. We assessed Jewish-Israeli and Arab-Palestinian adolescents for brain response to the pain of ingroup/outgroup protagonists using magnetoencephalography (MEG), one-on-one positive and conflictual interactions with an outgroup member, attitudes toward the regional conflict, and oxytocin levels. A neural marker of ingroup bias emerged, expressed via alpha modulations in the somatosensory cortex (S1) that characterized an automatic response to the pain of all protagonists followed by rebound/enhancement to ingroup pain only...
November 29, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836010/inheritance-of-deleterious-mutations-at-both-brca1-and-brca2-in-an-international-sample-of-32-295-women
#15
Timothy R Rebbeck, Tara M Friebel, Nandita Mitra, Fei Wan, Stephanie Chen, Irene L Andrulis, Paraskevi Apostolou, Norbert Arnold, Banu K Arun, Daniel Barrowdale, Javier Benitez, Raanan Berger, Pascaline Berthet, Ake Borg, Saundra S Buys, Trinidad Caldes, Jonathan Carter, Jocelyne Chiquette, Kathleen B M Claes, Fergus J Couch, Cezary Cybulski, Mary B Daly, Miguel de la Hoya, Orland Diez, Susan M Domchek, Katherine L Nathanson, Katarzyna Durda, Steve Ellis, D Gareth Evans, Lenka Foretova, Eitan Friedman, Debra Frost, Patricia A Ganz, Judy Garber, Gord Glendon, Andrew K Godwin, Mark H Greene, Jacek Gronwald, Eric Hahnen, Emily Hallberg, Ute Hamann, Thomas V O Hansen, Evgeny N Imyanitov, Claudine Isaacs, Anna Jakubowska, Ramunas Janavicius, Katarzyna Jaworska-Bieniek, Esther M John, Beth Y Karlan, Bella Kaufman, KConFab Investigators, Ava Kwong, Yael Laitman, Christine Lasset, Conxi Lazaro, Jenny Lester, Niklas Loman, Jan Lubinski, Siranoush Manoukian, Gillian Mitchell, Marco Montagna, Susan L Neuhausen, Heli Nevanlinna, Dieter Niederacher, Robert L Nussbaum, Kenneth Offit, Edith Olah, Olufunmilayo I Olopade, Sue Kyung Park, Marion Piedmonte, Paolo Radice, Christine Rappaport-Fuerhauser, Matti A Rookus, Caroline Seynaeve, Jacques Simard, Christian F Singer, Penny Soucy, Melissa Southey, Dominique Stoppa-Lyonnet, Grzegorz Sukiennicki, Csilla I Szabo, Mariella Tancredi, Manuel R Teixeira, Soo-Hwang Teo, Mary Beth Terry, Mads Thomassen, Laima Tihomirova, Marc Tischkowitz, Amanda Ewart Toland, Aleksandra Toloczko-Grabarek, Nadine Tung, Elizabeth J van Rensburg, Danylo Villano, Shan Wang-Gohrke, Barbara Wappenschmidt, Jeffrey N Weitzel, Jamal Zidan, Kristin K Zorn, Lesley McGuffog, Douglas Easton, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Antonis C Antoniou, Susan J Ramus
BACKGROUND: Most BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation carriers have inherited a single (heterozygous) mutation. Transheterozygotes (TH) who have inherited deleterious mutations in both BRCA1 and BRCA2 are rare, and the consequences of transheterozygosity are poorly understood. METHODS: From 32,295 female BRCA1/2 mutation carriers, we identified 93 TH (0.3 %). "Cases" were defined as TH, and "controls" were single mutations at BRCA1 (SH1) or BRCA2 (SH2). Matched SH1 "controls" carried a BRCA1 mutation found in the TH "case"...
November 11, 2016: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829478/demographic-and-lifestyle-factors-associated-with-adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-in-relation-to-overweight-obesity-among-israeli-adolescents-findings-from-the-mabat-israeli-national-youth-health-and-nutrition-survey
#16
Wen Peng, Rebecca Goldsmith, Elliot M Berry
OBJECTIVE: To investigate demographic and lifestyle factors associated with adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) in Israeli adolescents. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: School-based. SUBJECTS: Schoolchildren (n 5268) aged 11-19 years answered self-administered questionnaires on food consumption, eating habits and lifestyle; a subset (n 578) also completed 24 h food recalls. RESULTS: Using a modified KIDMED index, 25·5 % of the students had poor, 55·2 % had average and 19·3 % had good MD adherence...
November 10, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822349/implementation-of-laparoscopic-surgery-for-endometrial-cancer-work-in-progress
#17
REVIEW
H N Sallam, N H Sallam
Human response to new developments regarding birth, death, marriage and divorce is largely shaped by religious beliefs. When assisted reproduction was introduced into medical practice in the last quarter of the twentieth century, it was fiercely attacked by some religious groups and highly welcomed by others. Today, assisted reproduction is accepted in nearly all its forms by Judaism, Hinduism and Buddhism, although most Orthodox Jews refuse third party involvement. On the contrary assisted reproduction is totally unacceptable to Roman Catholicism, while Protestants, Anglicans, Coptic Christians and Sunni Muslims accept most of its forms, which do not involve gamete or embryo donation...
March 28, 2016: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814975/smpd1-variants-in-chinese-han-patients-with-sporadic-parkinson-s-disease
#18
Cheng-Yuan Mao, Jing Yang, Hui Wang, Shu-Yu Zhang, Zhi-Hua Yang, Hai-Yang Luo, Fang Li, Mengmeng Shi, Yu-Tao Liu, Zheng-Ping Zhuang, Pan Du, Yao-He Wang, Chang-He Shi, Yu-Ming Xu
INTRODUCTION: A founder mutation, p.L302P, in sphingomyelin phosphodiesterase 1, acid lysosomal (SMPD1), causing Niemann-Pick disease, a recessive lysosomal storage disorder, was reported to be associated with increased risk of Parkinson's disease (PD) in Ashkenazi Jewish population. Several other studies about the association between SMPD1 variants and PD were performed afterward in other populations. However, the results on the role of SMPD1 mutations for PD have been conflicting. This study aimed to investigate the role of mutations in SMPD1 in Chinese PD patients...
October 19, 2016: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803564/the-palliative-care-information-act-and-access-to-palliative-care-in-terminally-ill-patients-a-retrospective-study
#19
Kitty Victoria, Sarita Patel
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that over 50% of end-of-life discussions take place for the first time in the hospital and that terminally ill patients often have unrealistic views regarding the possible scope of treatment. The Palliative Care information Act (PCIA) was passed in an attempt to address the lack of access for terminally ill patients to palliative care services. A multi-database systematic review was performed on published studies from 2010 to present, and there were none found measuring the effectiveness of the PCIA...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796701/bedouin-women-s-gender-preferences-when-choosing-obstetricians-and-gynecologists
#20
Hadar Amir, Hanaa Abokaf, Yifat Amir Levy, Foad Azem, Eyal Sheiner
Patients' preferences in choosing obstetricians/gynecologists are widely investigated, but studies among traditional populations are lacking. Bedouins comprise a traditional Arab Muslim society in the Arabian Peninsula (Saudi Arabia), The Levant (Syria, Jordan and Israel) and North Africa (Egypt). Most of the Bedouins in Israel populate several villages, mostly in the southern part of the country. This cross-sectional study compared 200 Bedouin and 200 Jewish women who responded to an anonymous questionnaire...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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