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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220963/the-association-between-gender-ethnicity-and-suicidality-among-vocational-students-in-israel
#1
Joy Benatov, Ora Nakash, Shai Chen-Gal, Anat Brunstein Klomek
Gender and ethnicity are significant factors when evaluating suicidal risk, especially among ethnically diverse populations. In the current study we explored the association between gender, ethnicity, and suicide ideation and attempts among Arab and Jewish vocational education and training high school students in Israel. Students (N = 3,554) completed a self-report survey evaluating suicide ideation and attempts, depression, anxiety, somatization, and sense of belonging. Hierarchical generalized linear modeling indicated that female Arab adolescents had elevated levels of suicide ideation, higher rates of suicide attempts, and greater psychological distress than Arab males and Jewish students...
February 21, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202144/ethnic-and-gender-earning-gaps-in-a-liberalized-economy-the-case-of-israel
#2
Benjamin Bental, Vered Kraus, Yuval Yonay
During the 1990s and the 2000s Israel, a country ethnically divided into a dominant Jewish majority and a disadvantaged mostly Muslim Palestinian minority, underwent a transition from a heavily regulated to a neo-liberal economy. This paper makes use of the Israeli case to shed light on the effect of liberalization on earning gaps in the public and private sectors across dominant and disadvantaged population groups. The data, drawn from the 1995 and 2008 censuses-years that encompass the transition period, enable a dynamic investigation of the liberalization process by comparing labor market outcomes for Israeli Jews and Muslims of both genders working in the public or private sector...
March 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190937/belonging-and-unbelonging-jewish-refugee-and-survivor-women-in-1950s-britain
#3
Angela Davis
This article analyses the life stories of female Jewish refugees and survivors in 1950s Britain in order to explore their relationship with the existing Jewish community and wider society. The paper is based on an analysis of twenty-one oral history testimonies from the Jewish survivors of the Holocaust collection held at the British library. Around 50,000 Jewish refugees from Central Europe came to Britain in the 1930s after fleeing from Hitler. In addition, a relatively small number of camp survivors and former hidden children settled in the country after the war; the Board of Deputies of British Jews Demographic Unit estimates the figure at 2000...
January 2, 2017: Women's History Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188302/vesicular-acetylcholine-transporter-defect-underlies-devastating-congenital-myasthenia-syndrome
#4
Adi Aran, Reeval Segel, Kota Kaneshige, Suleyman Gulsuner, Paul Renbaum, Scott Oliphant, Tomer Meirson, Ariella Weinberg-Shukron, Yair Hershkovitz, Sharon Zeligson, Ming K Lee, Abraham O Samson, Stanley M Parsons, Mary-Claire King, Ephrat Levy-Lahad, Tom Walsh
OBJECTIVE: To identify the genetic basis of a recessive congenital neurologic syndrome characterized by severe hypotonia, arthrogryposis, and respiratory failure. METHODS: Identification of the responsible gene by exome sequencing and assessment of the effect of the mutation on protein stability in transfected rat neuronal-like PC12(A123.7) cells. RESULTS: Two brothers from a nonconsanguineous Yemeni Jewish family manifested at birth with severe hypotonia and arthrogryposis...
February 10, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184945/first-description-of-a-double-heterozygosity-for-brca1-and-brca2-pathogenic-variants-in-a-french-metastatic-breast-cancer-patient-a-case-report
#5
Guillaume Meynard, Laura Mansi, Pierre Lebahar, Cristian Villanueva, Elodie Klajer, Fabien Calcagno, Adrian Vivalta, Marie Chaix, Marie-Agnès Collonge-Rame, Céline Populaire, Marie-Paule Algros, Prudence Colpart, Julie Neidich, Xavier Pivot, Elsa Curtit
Hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome is an autosomal dominant disease caused primarily by germline mutations in the BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene. Rare cases of double heterozygosity for BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations have been reported quite exceptionally in non-Ashkenazi individuals. We describe the case of a woman who developed a bilateral breast cancer, discovered concomitantly, at 46 years old. Biopsies confirmed the presence of two breast cancers with distinct histology. BRCA analysis was tested due to a positive family history of breast cancer, and two pathogenic monoallelic mutations were detected, one in the BRCA1 gene and one in the BRCA2 gene...
March 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183138/overall-survival-and-clinical-characteristics-of-brca-mutation-carriers-with-stage-i-ii-pancreatic-cancer
#6
Talia Golan, Tal Sella, Eileen M O'Reilly, Matthew H G Katz, Ron Epelbaum, David P Kelsen, Ayelet Borgida, Hannah Maynard, Hedy Kindler, Eitan Friedmen, Milind Javle, Steven Gallinger
BACKGROUND: BRCA1/BRCA2 germ line (GL) mutation carriers with pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC) may have distinct outcomes. We recently described an apparent more favourable prognosis of surgically resected BRCA-associated PDAC patients in a single-arm, uncontrolled, retrospective study. However, the prognostic impact of GL BRCA1/2 mutations in surgically resected PDAC has not been compared with a matched control population. METHODS: A larger multi-centre, case-control retrospective analysis was performed...
February 9, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181113/-when-i-needed-it-evaluation-of-the-use-and-timing-of-sharsheret-s-thriving-again-program-for-young-breast-cancer-survivors
#7
Elizabeth A Rohan, Julie S Townsend, Adina Fleischmann, Sharon Stahl, Rochelle Shoretz
Approximately 11% of all new breast cancer cases in the USA occur in women aged 45 years or younger. In 2011, CDC funded seven organizations to develop or enhance programs for young breast cancer survivors (YBCS). This paper analyzed program evaluation data collected by one of these organizations to gain a more nuanced understanding of how recipients used the newly developed program and resources for YBCS. Sharsheret's Thriving Again program was evaluated through a web-based survey of survivorship program participants...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178444/remembering-eliahu-de-luna-montalto-1567-1616
#8
George M Weisz, Donatella Lippi
Born in Portugal and the son of Marranos (Christianized Jews from Spain), Eliahu de Luna Montalto lived during a particularly harsh period for the Jewish people. Throughout Europe, the situation for Jews was unfavorable; laws had been passed forbidding them to live in England for the past 300 years, and for the past 200 years in France. Additionally, in France, while Jews were permitted to study at some universities, the practice of medicine was forbidden to them. It is within this context that Eliahu de Luna Montalto, who had returned to his original faith (Judaism), was recruited to the French court...
January 30, 2017: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177940/emergency-department-pain-management-in-children-with-appendicitis-in-a-bi-ethnic-population
#9
Ron Jacob, Baruch Krauss, Gal Twito, Ronit Leiba, Itai Shavit
OBJECTIVES: Our goal was to examine factors associated with the administration of ED analgesia (any analgesia, opioid analgesia) in patients with acute appendicitis in a tertiary children's hospital in Israel, and to examine ethnic differences. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of children evaluated in the ED, who had ICD-9 diagnosis of acute appendicitis. Regression analysis was used to test the effect of multiple variables on the provision of analgesia. Medications were administered according to a nurse-driven pain protocol...
February 7, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167403/kosher-slaughter-paradigms-evaluation-of-slaughterhouse-inspection-procedures
#10
Giancarlo Bozzo, Angela Di Pinto, Elisabetta Bonerba, Edmondo Ceci, Anna Mottola, Rocco Roma, Paolo Capozza, Giorgio Samoilis, Giuseppina Tantillo, Gaetano Vitale Celano
Slaughter by Jewish religious rite is the killing of an animal by cutting the trachea and oesophagus and major blood vessels using a very sharp blade. This operation is subject to strict rules laid down by religious authorities that characterize its sacredness. The aim of the study was to evaluate the specific criteria inherent in the Jewish religious rite, by analysing reject rates during the different phases. In this study, 52.4% of the carcasses failed to quality as Kosher, with 22.9% being rejected due to pulmonary lesions and only 3% for miscuts...
February 2, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163689/spontaneous-movements-of-a-computer-mouse-reveal-egoism-and-in-group-favoritism
#11
Norbert Maliszewski, Łukasz Wojciechowski, Hubert Suszek
The purpose of the project was to assess whether the first spontaneous movements of a computer mouse, when making an assessment on a scale presented on the screen, may express a respondent's implicit attitudes. In Study 1, the altruistic behaviors of 66 students were assessed. The students were led to believe that the task they were performing was also being performed by another person and they were asked to distribute earnings between themselves and the partner. The participants performed the tasks under conditions with and without distractors...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156545/the-influence-of-spirituality-and-religiosity-on-the-personal-use-and-practice-patterns-with-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-cam-a-national-survey-of-us-oncologists
#12
Catherine Powers-James, Adriana L Alvarez, Kathrin Milbury, Francoise Adan, Gabriel Lopez, Lorenzo Cohen, Marvin Delgado-Guay, Olufunmilayo I Olopade, Farr A Curlin
: 248 Background: Although cancer patients frequently use CAM, it is uncertain how oncologists' spirituality and religiosity impact their decisions to use or recommend CAM with their patients. METHODS: A US probability sample of 1,000 ASCO members was contacted by mail and email to complete a survey regarding clinical approaches to herb and supplement (HS) use by cancer patients. RESULTS: Of 927 deliverable surveys, 423 surveys were returned for a response rate of 46%...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144758/a-healthy-immigrant-effect-or-a-sick-immigrant-effect-selection-and-policies-matter
#13
Amelie F Constant, Teresa García-Muñoz, Shoshana Neuman, Tzahi Neuman
Previous literature on a variety of countries has documented a "healthy immigrant effect" (HIE). Accordingly, immigrants arriving in the host country are, on average, healthier than comparable natives. However, their health status dissipates with additional years in the country. HIE is explained through the positive self-selection of healthy immigrants as well as the positive selection, screening and discrimination applied by host countries. In this article we study the health trajectories of immigrants within the context of selection and migration policies...
January 31, 2017: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130616/investigation-of-the-motor-system-in-two-siblings-with-canavan-s-disease-a-combined-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-tms-diffusion-tensor-imaging-dti-study
#14
V K Kimiskidis, Vasileios Papaliagkas, S Papagiannopoulos, D Zafeiriou, D Kazis, E Tsatsali-Foroglou, Z Kouvatsou, V Kapina, D Koutsonikolas, G Anogianakis, T Geroukis, S Bostantjopoulou
Canavan's disease (CD) is a hereditary leukodystrophy caused by mutations in the aspartoacylase gene (ASPA), leading to spongiform degeneration of the white matter and severe impairment of psychomotor development. We present the cases of two non-Jewish sisters with CD that have a milder and protracted clinical course compared to typical CD. MRI imaging revealed bilateral high-signal-intensity areas in the thalami and the internal capsule and MR spectroscopy showed typical findings for CD (a marked increase in N-acetylaspartate (NAA) levels)...
January 28, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128522/clinicopathological-relevance-of-antithyroglobulin-antibodies-in-low-risk-papillary-thyroid-cancer
#15
Grégoire B Morand, Sabrina D da Silva, Alex M Mlynarek, Martin J Black, Richard J Payne, Michael P Hier
OBJECTIVE: The extent of initial surgical management in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is controversial. We examined whether the presence of perioperative antithyroglobulin antibodies (TGA) could predict long-term recurrence and occurrence of adverse features among a homogenous group of PTC patients. METHODS: The clinical features of PTC patients treated at a single institution (Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Canada) were obtained from the medical records and all clinicopathologic information were reviewed...
January 27, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112991/cancer-risk-information-sharing-the-experience-of-individuals-receiving-genetic-counseling-for-brca1-2-mutations
#16
Ishveen Chopra, Kimberly M Kelly
Genetic counseling and testing for familial cancer is a unique context for the communication of risk information in the family. This study utilized a theoretical framework based on the family systems perspective to understand intrafamilial cancer risk communication patterns in the Ashkenazi Jewish population. Individuals (n = 120) at an elevated risk for BRCA1/2 mutations were included. Change in communication patterns over time was assessed using McNemar tests. Associations with communication patterns were assessed with multivariable logistic regression...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108913/religion-and-public-health-moral-tradition-as-both-problem-and-solution
#17
Michael Rozier
Despite strong religious influence in the development of medicine and medical ethics, religion has been relatively absent in the rise of preventive medicine and population health. Episodic, clinical medicine has a powerful hold on the religious imagination in health care. Nevertheless, Hebrew Scripture, elements of rabbinical teaching, and modern concepts of social justice all can be used to inspire action in health care that goes beyond clinical medicine. The Christian tradition can call upon the corporal works of mercy, virtue ethics, and Catholic social teaching, as well as the modern history Catholic sisters in the U...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103932/biomarkers-of-extracellular-matrix-turnover-are-associated-with-emphysema-and-eosinophilic-bronchitis-in-copd
#18
Asger Reinstrup Bihlet, Morten Asser Karsdal, Jannie Marie Bülow Sand, Diana Julie Leeming, Mustimbo Roberts, Wendy White, Russell Bowler
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by airflow obstruction and loss of lung tissue mainly consisting of extracellular matrix (ECM). Three of the main ECM components are type I collagen, the main constituent in the interstitial matrix, type VI collagen, and elastin, the signature protein of the lungs. During pathological remodeling driven by inflammatory cells and proteases, fragments of these proteins are released into the bloodstream, where they may serve as biomarkers for disease phenotypes...
January 19, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102466/the-care-of-the-ultra-orthodox-jewish-patient
#19
Ezra Gabbay, Matthew W McCarthy, Joseph J Fins
The Ultra-Orthodox Jewish community embraces a system of values and a rigorous behavioral code that are deeply rooted in religious tradition and history. Here we describe some of the unique challenges that stem from the encounter between modern medical practice and the Ultra-Orthodox world. Through examples of clinical and ethical scenarios ranging from prenatal care to end-of-life decisions, we illustrate problems related to observance of age-old practices in a modern hospital setting, balancing acceptance of Divine will with standard risk assessment, reconciliation of patient autonomy with deference to rabbinic authority and fear of stigma associated with mental illness in a traditional society...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100067/race-based-experiences-of-ethnic-minority-health-professionals-arab-physicians-and-nurses-in-israeli-public-healthcare-organizations
#20
Yael Keshet, Ariela Popper-Giveon
: Increasing workforce diversity was found to contribute to the narrowing of disparities in health. However, racism toward ethnic minority health professionals has not been adequately researched. In Israel, public healthcare organizations that serve a mixed Jewish-Arab population employ Arab minority healthcare professionals. Instances of prejudice and manifestations of racism toward them, which frequently surface in public discussion and the media, have unfortunately gained little scholarly attention...
January 19, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
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