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Lymphoma leukemia bone marrow transplant myeloma

Sinem Civriz Bozdağ, Meltem Kurt Yüksel, Taner Demirer
Stem cells can be either totipotent, pluripotent, multipotent or unipotent. Totipotent cells have the capability to produce all cell types of the developing organism, including both embryonic and extraembryonic tissues. The Hematopoietic Stem Cells (HSC) are the first defined adult stem cells (ASC) that give rise to all blood cells and immune system. Use of HSCs for treatment of hematologic malignancies, which is also called bone marrow (BM) transplantation or peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) transplantation is the pioneer of cellular therapy and translational research...
March 20, 2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Andreas K Buck, Antje Stolzenburg, Heribert Hänscheid, Andreas Schirbel, Katharina Lückerath, Margret Schottelius, Hans-Jürgen Wester, Constantin Lapa
The C-X-C chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) and its natural ligand CXCL12 are key factors in the process of cell migration, homing of hematopoietic stem cells to the bone marrow, and represent important mediators of angiogenesis and cell proliferation. The CXCR4/CXCL12 interplay can be disrupted by CXCR4 antagonists such as Plerixafor which are already in daily clinical use, i.e. for mobilization and subsequent harvesting of hematopoietic progenitor cells and stem cell transplantation. In a pathological condition, involvement in the process of metastasis and homing of cancer cells to a protective niche has been described, making CXCR4 an attractive target for imaging and treatment of malignant diseases...
November 1, 2017: Methods: a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
Piotr Nockowski, Zdzisław Woźniak, Adam Reich, Joanna Maj
Dear Editor, An 83-year-old woman developed yellow-brownish infiltrates, nodules, and tumors mimicking xanthomas, mostly involving the periorbital and chest area within three months (Figure 1). She had no abnormalities in serum cholesterol or triglycerides levels. A detailed laboratory analysis revealed the presence of mild monoclonal gammopathy with a presence of immunoglobulin G (IgG) kappa light chains; however, according to hematologist consultation, it did not require medical intervention. Imaging assessment and ultrasound examination did not show any specific involvement of internal organs...
July 2017: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
Inas Asfour, Hanaa Afify, Shaza Elkourashy, Maryse Ayoub, Gihan Kamal, Mary Gamal, Ghada Elgohary
OBJECTIVES/BACKGROUND: CXCR4 is a receptor for stromal-derived factor-1 (SDF-1), a molecule that has a chemotactic activity for lymphocytes and is important in homing of hematopoietic stem cells to their adult marrow. We evaluated the CXCR4 (CD184) expression in the harvest cells and in the post-transplant bone marrow (BM) and its relation to engraftment, as determined by the consensus criteria and chimerism. METHODS: This is a prospective study which included 30 patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation; 15 patients received autograft and 15 patients received allograft on dates between January 2012 and May 2014...
June 2017: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
Abdul Majeed A Hammadi, Waleed A Azeez, Firas Hashim Jasim, Nadher Alshammary, Adel D Sewan, Khudhair Alrawaq, Ala Makki, Ahmed Mubarak, Amel Ameen, Andolina Marino, Ahmed Khudhair, Nedhal K Alrahhal
The Iraqi Bone Marrow Transplantation Center is located in the medical city complex of Bab Almuadham in Baghdad, Iraq. It was established on March 11, 2002, and performed its first mini-allotransplant for acute myeloid leukemia on January 24, 2003. Among 16 patients who received hematopoietic stem cell transplant between January 2003 and January 2010, one patient underwent allogeneic bone marrow transplant for acute myeloid leukemia and 15 patients received autologous bone marrow transplant for the following indications: 5 had multiple myeloma, 9 had lymphoma (8 with Hodgkin disease and 1 with non- Hodgkin lymphoma), and 1 had rhabdomyosarcoma...
February 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Toshihiro Miyamoto, Takahiro Fukuda, Marie Nakashima, Tomoko Henzan, Shinsuke Kusakabe, Naoki Kobayashi, Junichi Sugita, Takeshi Mori, Mineo Kurokawa, Shin-Ichiro Mori
To evaluate the safety and efficacy of donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI), we retrospectively analyzed 414 recipients who received unrelated DLI (UDLI) for the treatment of relapsed hematological malignancy after unrelated bone marrow transplantation (BMT). UDLI was administered for acute myelogenous leukemia (n = 184), myelodysplastic syndrome (n = 69), acute lymphocytic leukemia (n = 57), chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML, n = 36), lymphoid neoplasms (n = 38), adult T cell leukemia/lymphoma (n = 18), and multiple myeloma (n = 12)...
June 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Natasha Ali
Background and Objective: Haematopoietic stem cell transplant is a potentially curative treatment option in various benign and malignant haematological diseases. Patients undergoing stem cell transplant procedure require blood transfusion on a daily basis. Currently, there is paucity of data from developing countries on transfusion practices. This audit was undertaken to determine the consumption of packed red blood cells (PRBCs) transfusion in the bone marrow transplant unit of the Aga Khan University Hospital...
May 30, 2017: International Journal of Stem Cells
Mahmoud Aljurf, Amr Nassar, Amir Ali Hamidieh, Alaa Elhaddad, Rose-Marie Hamladji, Ali Bazarbachi, Ahmed Ibrahim, Tarek Ben Othman, Fawzi Abdel-Rahman, Amal Alseraihy, Omar Fahmy, Ayad Ahmed Hussein, Abdulaziz Alabdulaaly, Salman Adil, Salam Salim Amur Alkindi, Mohamed Bayoumy, David Dennison, Mohamed Amine Bekadja, Ahmed Nacer Redhouane, Walid Rasheed, Ahmed AlSagheir, Reem Alsudairy, Saloua Ladeb, Said Benchekroun, Mani Ramzi, Parvez Ahmed, Hassan ElSolh, Syed Osman Ahmed, Fazal Hussain, Ardeshir Ghavamzadeh
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: The Eastern Mediterranean Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EMBMT) group has accumulated over 31 years of data and experience in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), particularly in hemoglobinopathies, severe aplastic anemia, inherited metabolic and immune disorders, in addition to a wide array of hematologic malignancies unique to this region. A regional update in current HSCT trends is highly warranted. We studied the trends of HSCT activities in World Health Organization-Eastern Mediterranean (EMRO) region, surveyed by the EMBMT, between 2011 and 2012...
December 2015: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
Anna Warchala, Ewa Wojtyna, Krzysztof Krysta
BACKGROUND: Acute leukaemia and bone marrow transplantation (BMT) as a method of its treatment are great psychological stressors, which are responsible for anxiety and depression in the group of patients. The aim of the study was to assess the patients' mental state and its psychophysical predictors before and after BMT. SUBJECT AND METHOD: The study was of a longitudinal and self-descriptive character. The questionnaires: LOT-R, AIS, Mini-Mac, CECS, RSCL and HADS were filled by 60 patients with acute leukaemia before and after BMT...
September 2015: Psychiatria Danubina
Frederick R Appelbaum, Claudio Anasetti, Joseph H Antin, Harold Atkins, Stella Davies, Steven Devine, Sergio Giralt, Helen Heslop, Ginna Laport, Stephanie J Lee, Brent Logan, Marcelo Pasquini, Michael Pulsipher, Edward Stadtmauer, John R Wingard, Mary M Horowitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2015: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
M Cioch, D Jawniak, K Kotwica, M Wach, J Mańko, A Gorący, P Klimek, E Mazurkiewicz, P Jarosz, M Hus
BACKGROUND: Autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (APBSCT) is the standard of therapy for patients with multiple myeloma and refractory Hodgkin's and non-Hodgkin's lymphomas. Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) is widely used to accelerate hematopoietic recovery after transplantation and to reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with prolonged neutropenia. Biosimilar G-CSF is approved for the same indications as the originator G-CSF. This is one of the first reported uses of a biosimilar G-CSF for neutrophil recovery after APBSCT...
October 2014: Transplantation Proceedings
Riccardo Colombo, Paolo Gallipoli, Roberto Castelli
There is a paucity of data that pertain to thrombosis in patients with hematological malignancies. Recent studies showed that patients with lymphoma, multiple myeloma, and acute leukemia have an increased thrombotic risk, particularly at the time of diagnosis and during chemotherapy. We searched the PubMed database for articles on thromboembolic complications in patients with hematological malignancies published between 1996 and 2013. The incidence of thrombotic events is variable, and is influenced by the type and the stage of hematological malignancy, the antitumor therapy, and the use of central venous devices...
December 2014: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma & Leukemia
Anna Szmigielska-Kaplon, Janusz Szemraj, Katarzyna Hamara, Marta Robak, Anna Wolska, Agnieszka Pluta, Magdalena Czemerska, Anna Krawczynska, Krzysztof Jamroziak, Katarzyna Szmigielska, Tadeusz Robak, Agnieszka Wierzbowska
In the last decade, peripheral blood was the main source of hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) for autologous and allogeneic transplantation. The exact mechanisms of HSC mobilization are still not clear and the efficacy of the procedure is hardly predictable. Ligand-receptor interactions of adhesion molecules, such as SDF1/CXCR4, VLA4/VCAM-1, or CD44/osteopontin, play an important role in homing of HSC in the hematopoietic niche. There is some evidence that disruption of the ligand-receptor complex leads to the egress of HSCs to the peripheral blood...
July 2014: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Pam McGrath, Hamish Holewa
AIMS: This study set out to explore the attitudes toward a "Patient Stories" DVD as a psychosocial support initiative for patients diagnosed with a hematological malignancy. DESIGN: A qualitative research design was employed through a series of open-ended interviews and one focus group. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were purposively sampled from a database of patients maintained by the Leukaemia Foundation of Queensland. In total, there were 50 participants (n=26 male, n=24 female), which represented the following major hematological diagnostic groups: multiple myeloma (n=15), lymphoma (n=14), leukemia (n=17), and other (n=4)...
July 2014: Nursing Forum
Pietro Mancosu, Piera Navarria, Luca Castagna, Giacomo Reggiori, Barbara Sarina, Stefano Tomatis, Filippo Alongi, Giorgia Nicolini, Antonella Fogliata, Luca Cozzi, Marta Scorsetti
PURPOSE: To evaluate the dosimetric consequences of inaccurate isocenter positioning during treatment of total marrow (lymph-node) irradiation (TMI-TMLI) using volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT). METHODS: Four patients treated with TMI and TMLI were randomly selected from the internal database. Plans were optimized with VMAT technique. Planning target volume (PTV) included all the body bones; for TMLI, lymph nodes and spleen were considered into the target, too...
November 2013: Medical Physics
Jonathan Hoggatt, Louis M Pelus
For a number of malignant hematologic diseases, including leukemias, lymphomas and myelomas, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation remains the only curative option. The stem cell sources for these life-saving transplants come from bone marrow, umbilical cord blood, or from the peripheral blood of patients or donors treated with mobilizing agents. Recently, the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) including aspirin, ibuprofen and meloxicam has been reported to enhance the ability to acquire stem cells from mobilized peripheral blood, resulting in a superior stem cell graft...
December 2013: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
Francesco Lanza, Diana C Campioni, Andrzej Hellmann, Giuseppe Milone, Anders Wahlin, Jan Walewski, Pierangelo Spedini, Cristina Fiamenghi, Antonio Cuneo, Wanda Knopińska, Monica Swierkowska-Czeneszew, Jordi Petriz, Stefan Fruehauf, Dominique Farge, Mohamad Mohty, Jacob Passweg, Tapani Ruuto, Alejandro Madrigal, Hans E Johnsen
The aim of supportive autografting is to reduce the side effects from stem cell transplantation and avoid procedure-related health disadvantages for patients at the lowest possible cost and resource expenditure. Economic evaluation of health care is becoming increasingly important. We report clinical and laboratory data collected from 397 consecutive adult patients (173 non-Hodgkin lymphoma, 30 Hodgkin lymphoma, 160 multiple myeloma, 7 autoimmune diseases, and 28 acute leukemia) who underwent their first autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT)...
December 2013: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Selene Imbesi, Caterina Musolino, Alessandro Allegra, Antonella Saija, Fortunato Morabito, Gioacchino Calapai, Sebastiano Gangemi
An increased risk of cancer in various organs has been related to oxidative stress and several studies have revealed the mechanism by which continued oxidative stress can lead to chronic inflammation, which in turn could mediate most chronic diseases including cancer. A variety of transcription factors may be activated in consequence of oxidative stress, leading to the expression of over 500 different genes, including those for growth factors, inflammatory cytokines, chemokines, cell cycle regulatory molecules and anti-inflammatory molecules...
June 2013: Expert Review of Hematology
A Mukhopadhyay, P Gupta, J Basak, A Chakraborty, D Bhattacharyya, S Mukhopadhyay, U K Roy
BACKGROUND: Hematopoietic stem cell transplant using human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched sibling or unrelated bone marrow, or related or unrelated cord blood has been performed successfully to treat patients with different types of hematological malignancies, genetic disorders and hereditary immune deficiencies. Since 1983, stem cell transplantation has been carried out in different institutes of India. But, till then, no transplantation was performed in eastern India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our present study is reporting for the first time stem cell transplantation in eastern India...
October 2012: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
Roberto Castelli, Ramona Cassin, Antonino Cannavò, Massimo Cugno
BACKGROUND: Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are common adult hematologic disorders characterized by ineffective hematopoiesis with progressive cytopenia and a risk of evolving into currently incurable acute myeloid leukemia. Until recently, the only treatment was bone marrow transplantation, but, over the past few years, a new therapeutic approach based on immunomodulatory drugs (IMiD) has been developed. IMiDs belong to a therapeutic class whose progenitor is thalidomide, a synthetic derivative of glutamate that was initially used because of its sedative and antiemetic properties but was then withdrawn because of its teratogenic effects...
February 2013: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma & Leukemia
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