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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933511/appraisal-of-the-quality-and-contents-of-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-hypertension-management-in-chinese-medicine-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Ya Yuwen, Xue-Jie Han, Wei-Liang Weng, Xue-Yao Zhao, Yu-Qi Liu, Wei-Qiang Li, Da-Sheng Liu, Yan-Ping Wang, Ai-Ping Lu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality and consistency of recommendations in the clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for hypertension in Chinese medicine (CM). METHODS: CM CPGs were identified from 5 electronic databases and hand searches through related handbooks published from January 1990 to December 2013. Three reviewers independently appraised the CPGs based on the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE II) instrument, and compared the CPGs' recommendations on CM syndrome pattern classification and treatment...
December 9, 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933507/determinants-of-maternal-vitamin%C3%A2-d-concentrations-in-slovenia-a%C3%A2-prospective-observational-study
#2
Andraž Dovnik, Faris Mujezinović, Milena Treiber, Breda Pečovnik Balon, Maksimiljan Gorenjak, Uroš Maver, Iztok Takač
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the vitamin D status of pregnant women in Slovenia and the factors influencing it. METHODS: The study was performed in Maribor University Medical Centre (location 46°N). Maternal serum 25-hydroxy-vitamin D (25(OH)D) in 4 groups of 100 pregnant women in 4 different seasons of the year was measured at the time of delivery. Data on life style, eating habits, sunbathing and intake of vitamin D supplements during pregnancy were obtained using a questionnaire...
December 8, 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933463/effect-of-tempol-and-tempol-plus-catalase-on-intra-renal-haemodynamics-in-spontaneously-hypertensive-stroke-prone-shsp-and-wistar-rats
#3
Ahmad F Ahmeda, Mark G Rae, Mohammed F Al Otaibi, Lamyia M Anweigi, Edward J Johns
Vasoconstriction within the renal medulla contributes to the development of hypertension. This study investigated the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in regulating renal medullary and cortical blood perfusion (MBP and CBP respectively) in both stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP) and Wistar rats. CBP and MBP were measured using a laser-Doppler flow meter before and after intra-renal infusion of tempol, the superoxide dismutase (SOD) mimetic or tempol plus catalase, the hydrogen peroxide-degrading enzyme...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933439/measurement-of-carotid-pulse-wave-velocity-using-ultrafast-ultrasound-imaging-in-hypertensive-patients
#4
Xiaopeng Li, Jue Jiang, Hong Zhang, Hua Wang, Donggang Han, Qi Zhou, Ya Gao, Shanshan Yu, Yanhua Qi
PURPOSE: The study aimed to assess the utility of ultrafast ultrasound imaging for evaluation of carotid pulse wave velocity (PWV) in newly diagnosed hypertension patients. METHODS: This prospective non-randomized study enrolled 90 hypertensive patients in our hospital from September to December 2013 as a hypertension group. An age- and sex-matched cohort of 50 healthy adults in our hospital from September to December 2013 was also included in the study as a control group...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933394/men-and-women-show-similar-survival-rates-after-breast-cancer
#5
Paulo Franscisco Mascarenhas Bender, Letícia Lima de Oliveira, Célia Regina Costa, Suzana Sales de Aguiar, Anke Bergmann, Luiz Claudio Santos Thuler
PURPOSE: To compare the disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) rates of men and women undergoing treatment for breast cancer. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of patients with breast cancer diagnosed and treated at the Cancer Hospital III of the National Cancer Institute of Brazil, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, between 1999 and 2013. Male breast cancer cases were matched for age, year of diagnosis, and clinical staging to three female cases (1:3). Patient characteristics were abstracted from hospital records and medical charts...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933206/improving-inflammatory-arthritis-management-through-tighter-monitoring-of-patients-and-the-use-of-innovative-electronic-tools
#6
REVIEW
Piet van Riel, Rieke Alten, Bernard Combe, Diana Abdulganieva, Paola Bousquet, Molly Courtenay, Cinzia Curiale, Antonio Gómez-Centeno, Glenn Haugeberg, Burkhard Leeb, Kari Puolakka, Angelo Ravelli, Bernhard Rintelen, Piercarlo Sarzi-Puttini
Treating to target by monitoring disease activity and adjusting therapy to attain remission or low disease activity has been shown to lead to improved outcomes in chronic rheumatic diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and spondyloarthritis. Patient-reported outcomes, used in conjunction with clinical measures, add an important perspective of disease activity as perceived by the patient. Several validated PROs are available for inflammatory arthritis, and advances in electronic patient monitoring tools are helping patients with chronic diseases to self-monitor and assess their symptoms and health...
2016: RMD Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933201/association-between-metabolic-syndrome-and-liver-histology-among-nafld-patients-without-diabetes
#7
Pushpjeet Kanwar, James E Nelson, Katherine Yates, David E Kleiner, Aynur Unalp-Arida, Kris V Kowdley
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) and obesity are associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The aim of this observational study was to examine the relationship of MetS and a diagnosis of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) in patients without diabetes in the NASH Clinical Research Network (CRN). METHODS: Clinical, demographic, histological, laboratory and anthropometric data were collected on 356 adult patients without diabetes with NAFLD. Obesity was defined as body mass index ≥30...
2016: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933134/pitfalls-in-histoacryl-glue-injection-therapy-for-oesophageal-gastric-and-ectopic-varices-a-review
#8
REVIEW
Lulia Al-Hillawi, Terence Wong, Giovanni Tritto, Philip A Berry
Histoacryl glue is used increasingly for the treatment of gastric and ectopic varices, and there is experience in its use for oesophageal varices. It is an effective treatment, yet numerous reports of complications have accumulated. This review of the literature describes the technique, explores circulatory and vascular consideration unique to portal hypertension and categorises the complications into: "Embolisation", "local venous thrombosis", "fistulisation and extravascular injection", "ulceration, erosion and extrusion", and "nidus of infection"...
November 27, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933105/prevalence-of-atrial-fibrillation-in-the-malaysian-communities
#9
Chiao Wen Lim, Sazzli Kasim, Johan Rizwal Ismail, Nicholas Yul Chye Chua, Rizmy Najme Khir, Hafisyatul Aiza Zainal Abidin, Effarezan Abdul Rahman, Mohd Kamal Mohd Arshad, Zubin Ibrahim Othman, Khalid Yusoff
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia encountered in clinical practice. The REDISCOVER (Responding to Increasing Cardiovascular disease prevalence) study is an observational longitudinal community-based study that tracks changing lifestyles, risk factors and chronic disease in urban and rural areas of Malaysia. In this study, we aim to study the prevalence of AF and its associated risk factors. METHODS: The study was conducted between 2007 and 2014...
2016: Heart Asia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932986/role-of-quercetin-in-modulating-chloride-transport-in-the-intestine
#10
Bo Yu, Yu Jiang, Lingling Jin, Tonghui Ma, Hong Yang
Epithelial chloride channels provide the pathways for fluid secretion in the intestine. Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) and calcium-activated chloride channels (CaCCs) are the main chloride channels in the luminal membrane of enterocytes. These transmembrane proteins play important roles in many physiological processes. In this study, we have identified a flavonoid quercetin as a modulator of CaCC chloride channel activity. Fluorescence quenching assay showed that quercetin activated Cl(-) transport in a dose-dependent manner, with EC50 ~37 μM...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932789/the-maintenance-ability-and-ca-2-availability-of-skeletal-muscle-are-enhanced-by-sildenafil
#11
Mei Huang, Keon Jin Lee, Kyung-Jin Kim, Mi Kyoung Ahn, Chung-Hyun Cho, Do Han Kim, Eun Hui Lee
Sildenafil relaxes vascular smooth muscle cells and is used to treat pulmonary artery hypertension as well as erectile dysfunction. However, the effectiveness of sildenafil on skeletal muscle and the benefit of its clinical use have been controversial, and most studies focus primarily on tissues and organs from disease models without cellular examination. Here, the effects of sildenafil on skeletal muscle at the cellular level were examined using mouse primary skeletal myoblasts (the proliferative form of skeletal muscle stem cells) and myotubes, along with single-cell Ca(2+) imaging experiments and cellular and biochemical studies...
December 9, 2016: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932770/-contrast-sensitivity-analysis-about-fundus-changes-of-hypertensive-disorders-complicating-pregnancy
#12
Zhixue Wang, Wenying Wang, Fengmei Han
To observe corrected visual acuity and contrast sensitivity (CS) in patients with hypertensive disorders complicating pregnancy accompanied by fundus changes.
 Methods: Ninety-eight patients with hypertensive disorders complicating pregnancy and 50 healthy pregnant women underwent eye examination, including corrected visual acuity and fundus examination, and CS. Differences in corrected visual acuity and contrast sensitivity between the 2 groups were analyzed with two independent samples t-test analysis, while correlation between vision and contrast sensitivity in patients was evaluated by using spearman correlation test...
November 28, 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932762/-correlations-between-lipid-ratio-oxidative-stress-status-in-copd-patients-and-pulmonary-hypertension-%C3%A2-as-well-as-prognosis
#13
Chunzhi Li, Li Yan, Jinwei Xu
To investigate the correlations between lipid ratio/oxidative stress status in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients and pulmonary hypertension as well as the prognosis.
 Methods: A total of 120 patients with COPD were randomly selected and served as the COPD group and 30 healthy persons were selected as the control group. The ratios of low density lipoprotein (LDL)/high-density lipoprotein (HDL), triglyceride (TG)/HDL and total cholesterol (TC)/HDL were measured. The superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, malondialdehyde (MDA) content and total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) level in the control group and COPD patients were detected...
November 28, 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932598/how-much-cerebrospinal-fluid-should-we-remove-prior-to-measuring-a-closing-pressure
#14
Son H McLaren, Michael C Monuteaux, Atima C Delaney, Assaf Landschaft, Amir A Kimia
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify a relationship between cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) volume removal and change in CSF pressure in children with suspected idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study of children 22 years and younger who underwent a lumbar puncture (LP) and had a documented opening pressure, closing pressure, and volume removed. Relationship between volume removal and pressure change was determined using a fractional polynomial regression procedure...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932570/effect-of-losartan-combined-with-amlodipine-or-with-a-thiazide-on-uric-acid-levels-in-hypertensive-patients
#15
Alberto F Rubio-Guerra, Ana K Garro-Almendaro, Cesar I Elizalde-Barrera, Juan A Suarez-Cuenca, Montserrat B Duran-Salgado
: Hyperuricemia leads to endothelial dysfunction and insulin resistance, and has been associated with diseases such as hypertension. Antihypertensive drugs modify serum uric acid levels, however, few data are available about their combinations on uricemia. In this study we evaluate the effect of two combinations of losartan, with amlodipine or with hydrochlorothiazide, on serum uric acid levels in hypertensive patients. METHODS: A total of 60 hypertensive patients were randomized in two groups; group LA received losartan/amlodipine (100/5 mg) once a day, whereas LH group received losartan hydrochlorothiazide (100/12...
December 8, 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Cardiovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932535/session-perceived-exertion-following-traditional-and-circuit-resistance-exercise-methods-in-older-hypertensive-women
#16
Rafael Gauche, João B Ferreira-Júnior, André B Gadelha, Silvia G R Neri, Martim Bottaro, Lauro C Vianna, Ricardo M Lima
This study compared session ratings of perceived exertion (SRPE) between traditional multiple-set (TR) and circuit (CI) resistance exercise methods in treated hypertensive women. Fourteen volunteers (69.9 ± 5.6 years) performed two training sessions (TR and CI) in a random order, with the same number of sets, exercises, and loads. SRPE was obtained 30 minutes following each session using Foster's scale. OMNI-resistance exercise scale (OMNI-RES) measures were subsequently taken. Foster's SRPE was not significantly different between sessions (3...
December 7, 2016: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932528/comorbidities-treatment-patterns-and-cost-of-illness-of-acromegaly-in-sweden-a-register-linkage-population-based-study
#17
Eva Lesén, Daniel Granfeldt, Aude Houchard, Jérôme Dinet, Anthony Berthon, Daniel S Olsson, Ingela Björholt, Gudmundur Johannsson
OBJECTIVE: Acromegaly is a complex endocrine disease with multiple comorbidities. Treatment to obtain biochemical remission includes surgery, medical therapy and radiation. We aimed to describe comorbidities, treatment patterns and cost-of-illness in patients with acromegaly in Sweden. DESIGN: A nationwide population-based study. METHODS: Patients with acromegaly were identified and followed in national registers in Sweden. Longitudinal treatment patterns were assessed in patients diagnosed between July 2005 and December 2013...
February 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932514/long-term-therapy-with-wu-ling-san-a-popular-antilithic-chinese-herbal-formula-did-not-prevent-subsequent-stone-surgery-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#18
San-Yuan Wu, Huey-Yi Chen, Kao-Sung Tsai, Jen-Huai Chiang, Chih-Hsin Muo, Fung-Chang Sung, Yung-Hsiang Chen, Wen-Chi Chen
Traditional Chinese herbal medicine (CHM), which is widely used to treat pain and urolithiasis, is a promising therapy for urinary stone prevention. This study investigated the clinical efficacy of a popular CHM, Wu-Ling-San (WLS), in Taiwan for the prophylaxis of recurrent nephrolithiasis as assessed by surgical stone treatment via a nationwide population-based cohort study. The National Health Insurance Research Database, 2000-2010, which included one million patient records. All patients diagnosed with stone disease at the beginning of the study...
2016: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932478/most-apol1-is-secreted-by-the-liver
#19
Khuloud Shukha, Jessica L Mueller, Raymond T Chung, Michael P Curry, David J Friedman, Martin R Pollak, Anders H Berg
Two coding sequence variants in the APOL1 gene (G1 and G2) explain much of the increased risk for FSGS, HIV-associated nephropathy, and hypertension-attributed ESRD among people of recent African ancestry. The ApoL1 protein is expressed in a wide variety of cell tissues. It has been assumed that the majority of circulating ApoL1 is produced by the liver, but this has not been shown. Using mass spectrometry, we genotyped and quantified the circulating ApoL1 in two liver transplant recipients whose native APOL1 genotype differed from the genotype of the deceased donors, allowing us to differentiate liver- from nonliver-produced ApoL1...
December 8, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932471/a-paradigm-shift-is-needed-in-the-field-of-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-for-its-entrance-into-the-precision-medicine-era
#20
Vikram Gurtu, Evangelos D Michelakis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 9, 2016: Circulation Research
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