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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615817/advocacy-and-mass-education-in-plastic-surgery-efforts-and-outcomes
#1
Nikhil Shrikrishna Panse
BACKGROUND: Awareness of plastic surgery is lacking. Be it reconstructive surgery, or aesthetic surgery, public education and awareness regarding the spectrum is the need of the hour. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We undertook a string of activities for patient awareness and education for burn prevention, occupational hand injuries prevention, skin banking awareness and various other conditions relevant to us as plastic surgeons. Use of social media helped us for increasing the reach of our projects...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602593/split-thickness-skin-graft-meshing-ratio-indications-and-common-practices
#2
Stahs Pripotnev, Anthony Papp
BACKGROUND: Split thickness skin grafting is a commonly used technique in burn surgery for resurfacing wounds that are unlikely to heal without scarring. Meshing and expanding skin grafts allow for reconstruction of larger wounds with smaller donor sites. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed of 210 patients with burns equal to or greater than 20% total body surface area admitted to Vancouver General Hospital between 1998 and 2014. Charts were reviewed to collect data on patient and burn demographics...
June 8, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592936/grafting-both-acute-wound-site-and-adjacent-donor-site-with-the-same-graft-an-easy-and-safe-procedure-to-improve-healing-and-minimize-pain-in-elderly-and-bedridden-patients
#3
C Keilani, D Agard, A Duhoux, A Lakhel, O Giraud, M Brachet, P Duhamel, E Bey
In harvesting skin to cover the defect caused by a burn, a second wound is created, the donor site wound. We propose an alternative method to manage the donor site: taking a split-thickness skin graft (STSG) from a donor site adjacent to the burn wound to be treated, and meshing at a 3:1 ratio to cover both sites at once. The main objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of covering both burn wound and adjacent donor site with the same STSG in elderly and bedridden patients. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 6 patients over 60 years old or/and bedridden presenting with a small burn wound who underwent STSG of both burn wound and adjacent donor site between April 2016 and November 2016 in the Department of Plastic Surgery and Burn Treatment at Percy Military Hospital (France)...
March 31, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586686/vision-and-lack-of-vision-in-the-ocean
#4
Justin Marshall
As land-locked animals, when we visualise the ocean our mind's eye may see crashing waves or a vast blue expanse stretching to the horizon, a raft of torpedoing penguins, a glimpse of colourful coral reef fish from the shark-free safety of a sandy beach. Underwater, the crystal-clear, and in fact not at all silent, world of Jacques Cousteau, or more recently David Attenborough, is a wonderland that some cannot wait to witness first hand as divers, while others are content to see it on a screen. Spend a bit of time underwater, in the English Channel for example, and a few facts emerge...
June 5, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586577/pattern-and-profile-of-electric-burn-injury-cases-at-a-burn-centre
#5
Saeed Ashraf Cheema
BACKGROUND: Electrical burns are quite different from thermal and chemical burns. This study is from a centre which deals with job related electric burn injuries alone and thus can give a pure account of the electric burns and discuss the related peculiarities. Study aims to highlight the differences in the mechanism of electric burn injury, its mode of presentation, morbidity, complications and thus the treatment strategies as compared to rest of the burn injuries. METHODS: This is a descriptive case series study of first consecutive 61 electric burn victims treated at a Burn Unit and Plastic Surgery centre...
October 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576234/burn-injuries-prevention-advocacy-and-legislation
#6
REVIEW
Ernest J Grant
Each year in the United States and Canada, thousands of individuals seek medical care for a burn injury. Some individuals are burned significantly enough they require treatment at specialized burn care facilities. Most of these injuries are preventable. This article presents an historical perspective related to burn prevention and elements of successful burn prevention programs and explores ways in which the plastic surgeon can promote burn prevention through education, advocacy, and the legislative process...
July 2017: Clinics in Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561236/-quo-vadis-dgpr%C3%A3-c-associated-members-goals-for-the-future
#7
Jonas Kolbenschlag, Felix Paprottka, Juri Wagner, Ole Goertz, Jutta Liebau, Adrien Daigeler, Raymund E Horch, Marcus Lehnhardt
Plastic surgery is extremely diverse and offers various fields of work. To provide optimal support for plastic surgeons in training, it is therefore paramount to know their mid- and long-term goals. To that end, we conducted a web-based survey among the 462 associated members of the German Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons (DGPRÄC). Besides asking questions about the current status, we specifically inquired about the pursued setting and main area of work. 84 completed questionnaires were evaluated...
May 30, 2017: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555930/safety-of-acoustic-separation-in-plastic-devices-for-extracorporeal-blood-processing
#8
William J Savage, John R Burns, Jason Fiering
BACKGROUND: Acoustic cell separation uses ultrasound waves to separate cells from plasma to perform plasmapheresis. Although the fundamental process has been studied for decades, no acoustic cell separation has been studied in a disposable plastic format suitable for clinical applications. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We developed a disposable, rectangular, polystyrene microchannel acoustic cell-separation system and applied acoustic energy relevant for plasmapheresis...
May 28, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528356/operating-room-fires-in-periocular-surgery
#9
Michael A Connor, Anne M Menke, Ivan Vrcek, John W Shore
AIM: A survey of ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgeons as well as seven-year data regarding claims made to the Ophthalmic Mutual Insurance Company (OMIC) is used to discuss operating room fires in periocular surgery. METHODS: A retrospective review of all closed claim operating room fires submitted to OMIC was performed. A survey soliciting personal experiences with operating room fires was distributed to all American Society of Oculoplastic and Reconstructive Surgeons...
May 20, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521204/numerical-simulations-of-mechanical-and-ignition-deflagration-responses-for-pbxs-under-low-to-medium-level-velocity-impact-loading
#10
Kun Yang, Yanqing Wu, Fenglei Huang, Ming Li
An effective computational model is required to accurately predict the dynamic responses in accidental initiations of explosives. The present work uses a series of two-dimensional mechanical-chemical simulations performed via a hydrodynamic-code, DREXH-2D, to efficiently describe the mechanical and ignition-deflagration responses of cased cylindrical polymer-bonded explosives (PBXs) undergoing a low-to-medium-level impact (70-350m/s) in longitudinal direction. The ignition response was predicted based on an ignition criterion of effective plastic work...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457441/improved-flame-retardant-and-tensile-properties-of-thermoplastic-starch-flax-fabric-green-composites
#11
M N Prabhakar, Atta Ur Rehman Shah, Jung-Il Song
This article highlights the development of biodegradable flame-retardant composites using a compression technique on low-cost starch, flax fabric (FF) and ammonium polyphosphate (APP) raw materials. The starch was plasticized into thermoplastic starch through a mechano-ball milling process and composites were developed by reinforcing the FF and incorporating varying amounts of APP. The effects of APP on the flammability and thermal properties of the composites were studied. Limited oxygen index and horizontal-burning tests exhibited significant sustainability of the composites toward flame and direct flame self-extinguishment...
July 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457060/complications-of-post-burn-tissue-expansion-reconstruction-9-years-experience-with-42-pediatric-and-26-adult-patients
#12
Alexander Margulis, Allan Billig, Jhonatan Elia, Yair Shachar, Neta Adler
BACKGROUND: Burn scar reconstruction is extremely challenging, even for the most proficient reconstructive surgeon. Within the arsenal of tools at the plastic surgeon's disposal, tissue expansion provides an efficient modality for reconstruction despite the reported complication rates. OBJECTIVES: To critically review our experience with tissue expansion for burn scar reconstruction, comparing particularly the adult and pediatric populations. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of the outcomes of patients who underwent burn scar reconstruction with tissue expansion at Hadassah Medical Center between January 2003 and July 2012...
February 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448015/quantification-of-strain-in-a-porcine-model-of-skin-expansion-using-multi-view-stereo-and-isogeometric-kinematics
#13
Adrian Buganza Tepole, Elbert E Vaca, Chad A Purnell, Michael Gart, Jennifer McGrath, Ellen Kuhl, Arun K Gosain
Tissue expansion is a popular technique in plastic and reconstructive surgery that grows skin in vivo for correction of large defects such as burns and giant congenital nevi. Despite its widespread use, planning and executing an expansion protocol is challenging due to the difficulty in measuring the deformation imposed at each inflation step and over the length of the procedure. Quantifying the deformation fields is crucial, as the distribution of stretch over time determines the rate and amount of skin grown at the end of the treatment...
April 16, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447126/erratum-to-comparative-lung-bioavailability-of-fluticasone-salmeterol-via-a-breath-actuated-spacer-and-conventional-plastic-spacers
#14
Arun Nair, Lorna McKinlay, Peter Williamson, Philip Short, Patricia Burns, Brian J Lipworth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438486/pti-125-binds-and-reverses-an-altered-conformation-of-filamin-a-to-reduce-alzheimer-s-disease-pathogenesis
#15
Hoau-Yan Wang, Kuo-Chieh Lee, Zhe Pei, Amber Khan, Kalindi Bakshi, Lindsay H Burns
We show that amyloid-β1-42 (Aβ42) triggers a conformational change in the scaffolding protein filamin A (FLNA) to induce FLNA associations with α7-nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7nAChR) and toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4). These aberrant associations respectively enable Aβ42's toxic signaling via α7nAChR to hyperphosphorylate tau protein, and TLR4 activation to release inflammatory cytokines. PTI-125 is a small molecule that preferentially binds altered FLNA and restores its native conformation, restoring receptor and synaptic activities and reducing its α7nAChR/TLR4 associations and downstream pathologies...
March 31, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431803/reutilization-of-discarded-biomass-for-preparing-functional-polymer-materials
#16
REVIEW
Jianfeng Wang, Wenzhen Qian, Yufeng He, Yubing Xiong, Pengfei Song, Rong-Min Wang
Biomass is abundant and recyclable on the earth, which has been assigned numerous roles to human beings. However, over the past decades, accompanying with the rapid expansion of man-made materials, such as alloy, plastic, synthetic rubber and fiber, a great number of natural materials had been neglected and abandoned, such as straw, which cause a waste of resource and environmental pollution. In this review, based on introducing sources of discarded biomass, the main composition and polymer chains in discarded biomass materials, the traditional treatment and novel approach for reutilization of discarded biomass were summarized...
April 18, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427139/-advances-in-the-research-of-mechanism-in-prevention-and-treatment-of-scar-with-botulinum-toxin-type-a-and-its-clinical-application
#17
Y H Li, J Q Liu, D Xiao, W Zhang, D H Hu
Scar is a common complication in wound healing process, and how to effectively prevent and treat it is a hot and difficult problem in burns and plastic surgery field. Botulinum toxin type A is a neurotoxin that has been widely and effectively used in the cosmetic surgery field such as anti-wrinkle and thin face. In recent years, botulinum toxin type A has been applied in prevention and treatment of scar, which causes a great concern. Nowadays, the relevant reports have gradually increased, and the mechanisms have been explored more deeply...
April 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427132/-influences-of-abar-gene-on-biofilm-formation-of-acinetobacter-baumannii
#18
H N Guo, J Xiang
Objective: To detect drug-resistant phenotype and abaR gene of Acinetobacter baumannii (AB) and investigate influences of abaR gene on biofilm formation of AB. Methods: From February to July 2014, 159 strains AB were collected from Department of Clinical Microbiology of Ruijin Hospital of School of Medicine of Shanghai JiaoTong University and numbered starting from 1 according time when they were collected. (1) The above-mentioned 159 strains of AB were identified by detecting gene sequence of 16S ribosomal DNA...
April 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413831/differential-ability-of-the-dorsal-and-ventral-rat-hippocampus-to-exhibit-group-i-metabotropic-glutamate-receptor-dependent-synaptic-and-intrinsic-plasticity
#19
Patrick Tidball, Hannah V Burn, Kai Lun Teh, Arturas Volianskis, Graham L Collingridge, Stephen M Fitzjohn
BACKGROUND: The hippocampus is critically involved in learning and memory processes. Although once considered a relatively homogenous structure, it is now clear that the hippocampus can be divided along its longitudinal axis into functionally distinct domains, responsible for the encoding of different types of memory or behaviour. Although differences in extrinsic connectivity are likely to contribute to this functional differentiation, emerging evidence now suggests that cellular and molecular differences at the level of local hippocampal circuits may also play a role...
January 2017: Brain and neuroscience advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413115/rate-of-contamination-of-hospital-privacy-curtains-on-a-burns-and-plastic-surgery-ward-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
K Shek, R Patidar, Z Kohja, S Liu, J P Gawaziuk, M Gawthrop, A Kumar, S Logsetty
BACKGROUND: Surfaces in the patient environment may play a role in microbial transmission if they become colonized by bacteria. Patient privacy curtains are one such surface that may pose a high risk for transmission because they are high-contact surfaces, are infrequently cleaned, and healthcare workers are less likely to wash their hands after contacting inanimate objects such as curtains. AIM: To determine the amount and type of bacterial colonization of patient privacy curtains at a regional burns/plastic surgery unit...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
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