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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909212/black-carbon-emission-reduction-strategies-in-healthcare-industry-for-effective-global-climate-change-management
#1
Emilia Mmbando Raila, David O Anderson
Climate change remains one of the biggest threats to life on earth to date with black carbon (BC) emissions or smoke being the strongest cause after carbon dioxide (CO2). Surprisingly, scientific evidence about black carbon emissions reduction in healthcare settings is sparse. This paper presents new research findings on the reduction of black carbon emissions from an observational study conducted at the UN Peacekeeping Operations (MINUSTAH) in Haiti in 2014. Researchers observed 20 incineration cycles, 30 minutes for each cycle of plastic and cardboard sharps healthcare waste (HCW) containers ranged from 3 to 14...
November 30, 2016: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894383/-integrated-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-scar
#2
Y Cen, J J Chen
Scar is the common disease in the field of burn and plastic surgery, and its diagnosis and treatment should be involved in overwhelming majority hospitals. There are many substandard methods and medical hidden dangers in diagnosis and treatment of scar, due to the unevenness of doctors' clinical experience. According to the classification of integral scar and diabrotic scar, the problems related to diagnosis and treatment of scar are systemically summarized and normalized in this article for decrease in the incidence of adverse events and medical hidden dangers...
November 20, 2016: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893575/variations-in-burn-excision-and-grafting-a-survey-of-the-american-burn-association
#3
Jacqueline S Israel, David G Greenhalgh, Angela L Gibson
It is unknown whether variations in burn care affect outcomes or affect the success of emerging therapeutics. The purpose of this study was to assess burn surgeons' preferences in excision and grafting to determine if surgical technique affects outcomes. A 71-item survey evaluating skin grafting techniques was emailed to members of the American Burn Association in July and August 2015. The survey was anonymous and voluntary. Relationships between variables were evaluated using Fisher's exact test. A P-value of ≤...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857655/microsurgery-without-borders-new-limits-for-reconstruction-of-post-burn-sequelae-in-the-humanitarian-setting
#4
I Tocco-Tussardi, B Presman, M Cherubino, C Garusi, F Bassetto
Post-burn contractures account for up to 50% of the workload of a plastic surgery team volunteering in developing nations. Best possible outcome most likely requires extensive surgery. However, extensive approaches such as microsurgery are generally discouraged in these settings. We report two successful cases of severe hand contractures reconstructed with free flaps on a surgical mission in Kenya. Microsurgery can be safely performed in the humanitarian setting by an integration of: personal skills; technical means; education of local personnel; follow-up services; and an effective network for communication...
March 31, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843971/cold-burn-injuries-in-the-uk-the-11-year-experience-of-a-tertiary-burns-centre
#5
Metin Nizamoglu, Alethea Tan, Tobias Vickers, Nicholas Segaren, David Barnes, Peter Dziewulski
BACKGROUND: Guidance for the management of thermal injuries has evolved with improved understanding of burn pathophysiology. Guidance for the management of cold burn injuries is not widely available. The management of these burns differs from the standard management of thermal injuries. This study aimed to review the etiology and management of all cold burns presenting to a large regional burn centre in the UK and to provide a simplified management pathway for cold burns. METHODS: An 11-year retrospective  analysis (1 January 2003-31 December 2014)  of all cold injuries presenting to a regional burns centre in the UK was conducted...
2016: Burns and trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823860/contributions-and-source-identification-of-biogenic-and-anthropogenic-hydrocarbons-to-secondary-organic-aerosols-at-mt-tai-in-2014
#6
Yanhong Zhu, Lingxiao Yang, Kimitaka Kawamura, Jianmin Chen, Kaori Ono, Xinfeng Wang, Likun Xue, Wenxing Wang
Ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) collected at Mt. Tai in summer 2014 were analysed and the data were used to identify the contribution of biogenic and anthropogenic hydrocarbons to secondary organic aerosols (SOA) and their sources and potential source areas in high mountain regions. Compared with those in 2006, the 2014 anthropogenic SOA tracers in PM2.5 aerosols and VOC species related to vehicular emissions exhibited higher concentrations, whereas the levels of biogenic SOA tracers were lower, possibly due to decreased biomass burning...
November 4, 2016: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816410/a-10-year-epidemiological-study-of-paediatric-burns-at-the-welsh-centre-for-burns-and-plastic-surgery
#7
Leigh Sanyaolu, Muhammad Umair Javed, Micheal Eales, Sarah Hemington-Gorse
Paediatric burns make up a significant proportion of burn injured patients seen within the hospital setting and worldwide account for a significant proportion of unintentional deaths. Currently there is limited data on severe paediatric burns requiring intensive care support. Our study aimed primarily to describe the epidemiology of severe burns admitted to the intensive care unit at our centre receiving fluid resuscitation over a 10 year period. A secondary aim was to describe the referrals patterns in general over the same time period...
November 2, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777549/burn-injuries-and-soft-tissue-traumas-complicated-by-mucormycosis-infection-a-report-of-six-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
E J Kyriopoulos, A Kyriakopoulos, A Karonidis, A Gravvanis, I Gamatsi, C Tsironis, D Tsoutsos
Mucor fungus infection is a rare opportunistic infection, rapidly progressive and often fatal in immunocompromised patients, or in patients with chronic debilitating diseases. We report six cases of trauma patients with mucormycosis. Three had severe thermal burns, one of them with a medical history of diabetes mellitus. The other three patients suffered from severe soft tissue injuries caused by traffic accidents. In all cases there had been spontaneous exposure and contact of the wounds with soil. During hospitalization, fungi cultures and/or biopsies of all wounds were performed and all resulted positive...
December 31, 2015: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777543/%C3%A3-pid%C3%A3-miologie-des-br%C3%A3-lures-de-la-main-chez-les-enfants-vus-dans-le-centre-national-des-br%C3%A3-l%C3%A3-s-et-de-chirurgie-plastique-de-casablanca-maroc
#9
A Rafik, M Lahlou, M Diouri, N Bahechar, A Chlihi
Hand burns in children are common and may lead to debilitating sequelae. Therefore, full functional restoration of the hand is the goal of treatment. To assess the epidemiological, clinical and development aspects of the burns, we conducted a retrospective study over 4 years, from January 2011 to January 2015. It evaluated 313 children suffering from burns and treated at the National Burn and Plastic Surgery Unit of Ibn Richd Teaching Hospital in Casablanca. Most patients were aged 3-6 years (70%), with a slight male predominance...
December 31, 2015: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757484/-secondary-plastic-and-reconstructive-measures-following-deep-dermal-burn-injuries-negligent-use-of-bioethanol
#10
T Jaehn, L-K Müller, N Hauer, B Blank, M Kaiser, B Reichert
One representative case of burns caused by the negligent use of bioethanol, which was treated at our burns centre is used to illustrate the severity and depth of the burn injuries as well as the complexity of the further long-term course of treatment including complex secondary-reconstructive techniques.
October 18, 2016: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622583/ucp1-protein-the-molecular-hub-of-adipose-organ-plasticity
#11
Saverio Cinti
In all mammals, adipocytes are cells with abundant cytoplasmic lipids forming the parenchyma of the adipose organ. White adipocytes store highly energetic molecules to release them, in the form of free fatty acids to survive between meals. Brown adipocytes trough their unique mitochondrial UCP1 protein burn glucose and lipids to perform thermogenesis in order to survive in cold environments. A third type of adipocytes appears in the subcutaneous depot of the adipose organ of female mice during pregnancy and lactation: the pink adipocytes...
September 10, 2016: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616809/ant-larvae-regulate-worker-foraging-behavior-and-ovarian-activity-in-a-dose-dependent-manner
#12
Yuko Ulrich, Dominic Burns, Romain Libbrecht, Daniel J C Kronauer
Division of labor in insect societies relies on simple behavioral rules, whereby individual colony members respond to dynamic signals indicating the need for certain tasks to be performed. This in turn gives rise to colony-level phenotypes. However, empirical studies quantifying colony-level signal-response dynamics are lacking. Here, we make use of the unusual biology and experimental amenability of the queenless clonal raider ant Cerapachys biroi, to jointly quantify the behavioral and physiological responses of workers to a social signal emitted by larvae...
July 2016: Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612909/ilizarov-method-a-limb-salvage-device-in-a-child
#13
M G Faruque, M U Mollah, T H Siddiquee, S Bari
Ilizarov method is the best weapon for the treatment of the limb length discrepancy, especially in traumatic or congenital shortening of long bones. Post burn bony defect can be corrected by osteosynthesis. Here we treated a 7 years old boy, suffering from 33% electric burn affecting face, trunk, left upper limb & both lower limbs with loss of soft tissue of medial side of right leg along with dead and exposed of some segment (about 14cm) of Left tibia . Initially the patient was managed by plastic surgeons in the form of surgical toileting, wound debridement and wound coverage by split thickness skin graft...
July 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610150/formulation-of-a-traditionally-used-polyherbal-product-for-burn-healing-and-hptlc-fingerprinting-of-its-phenolic-contents
#14
Shirin Fahimi, Seyed Alireza Mortazavi, Mohammad Abdollahi, Homa Hajimehdipoor
Nowadays, plants have been considered as powerful agents for treatment of disorders regarding to their traditional use. In Iranian Traditional Medicine (ITM), plants have a special role in the treatment of various diseases. Burns with their devastating outcomes have been discussed in ITM as well. In the present study, a polyherbal ointment (PHO), retrieved from ITM, was formulated for burn healing and it's HPTLC fingerprint was prepared. Aqueous extracts of Malva sylvestris and Solanum nigrum leaves and oily extract of Rosa damascena petals (4...
2016: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609235/a-study-of-wrecked-dovekies-alle-alle-in-the-western-north-atlantic-highlights-the-importance-of-using-standardized-methods-to-quantify-plastic-ingestion
#15
Stephanie Avery-Gomm, Michelle Valliant, Carley R Schacter, Katherine F Robbins, Max Liboiron, Pierre-Yves Daoust, Lorena M Rios, Ian L Jones
Quantification of plastic ingestion across a range of seabirds is required to assess the prevalence of plastics in marine food webs. We quantified plastic ingestion in beached Dovekies (Alle alle), following a wreck in Newfoundland, Canada. Of 171 birds, 30.4% had ingested plastic (mean 0.81±0.30 SE pieces per bird, mass 0.005±0.002 SE g per bird). Most plastics were fragments of polyethylene and polypropylene. Surprisingly, 37% were burned or melted, indicating a previously unreported source of ingested plastics (incinerated waste)...
September 5, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607127/outcome-of-management-of-vascular-malformations-of-lip
#16
Muhammad Sohail, Muhammad Mustehsan Bashir, Hamid Hussain Ansari, Farid Ahmad Khan, Noreen Assumame, Nukhbat Ullah Awan, Asad Aizaz Chatha
OBJECTIVES: To describe the characteristics and outcome of management of vascular malformations of lip. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Department of Plastic Surgery and Burn Unit, King Edward Medical University, Mayo Hospital, Lahore, from January 2009 to December 2013. METHODS: A prospective case series of 38 patients with vascular malformation of lip was performed. Demographic information and clinical features were noted. Treatment employed, complications, functional, and cosmetic outcome were recorded...
September 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606548/survey-of-the-statewide-impact-of-payer-source-on-referral-of-small-burns-to-burn-centers
#17
Rachel Penny, Rebecca Coffey, Larry Jones, J Kevin Bailey
It is generally agreed that patients with large burns will be referred to organized burn centers, however, the referral of patients with smaller burns is less certain. A two-part survey was conducted to identify referral patterns for burn patients that meet American Burn Association referral criteria, and any effect insurance type might have on the referral patterns. The emergency departments of our state hospital association's member hospitals were contacted seeking a referral for a fictitious patient with a third-degree scald of the dominant hand...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597983/paediatric-burns-secondary-to-nail-adhesives-a-case-series
#18
Claire Coles, Muhammad Umair Javed, Sarah Hemington Gorse, Dai Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Nail adhesives are widely available beauty products that are used in the cosmetic industry and households to attach false nails. Nail adhesive burns are uncommon, and it is crucial that healthcare providers and the public are aware of its potential to cause chemical burn. CASE PRESENTATION: Case series of accidental burns secondary to cyanoacrylate nail glue treated at the Welsh Centre for Burns and Plastic Surgery (WCBPS) in Swansea, United Kingdom...
2016: Burns and trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556755/the-role-of-dermal-matrices-in-treating-inflammatory-and-diabetic-wounds
#19
Mihail Climov, Lauren R Bayer, Andrea V Moscoso, Hajime Matsumine, Dennis P Orgill
BACKGROUND: Dermal matrices are used to improve healing in both acute and chronic wounds including diabetic and lower extremity wounds, burns, trauma, and surgical reconstruction. The use of dermal matrices for the closure of inflammatory ulcerations is less frequent but growing. Currently available products include decellularized dermis and semisynthetic matrices. METHODS: A review of the published literature was performed to identify reports that use acellular dermal matrices in diabetic and inflammatory wounds...
September 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27545657/-features-of-skin-graft-in-pediatric-plastic-surgery
#20
C Depoortère, C François, A Belkhou, V Duquennoy-Martinot, P Guerreschi
Skin graft is a skin tissue fragment transferred from a donor site to a receiving site with a spontaneous revascularization. Basic process of plastic surgery, skin graft known in children, specific, warnings and refinements. It finds its indication in many pediatric cases: integumental diseases (neavus, hamartoma), acute burns and scars, traumatic loss of substance or surgically induced, congenital malformations of the hands and feet, etc. Specific skin graft techniques in children are developed: donor sites, sampling technique and procedure, early postoperative care...
October 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
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