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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447582/training-the-next-generation-of-canadian-clinician-scientists-charting-a-path-to-success
#1
Charles Yin, Patrick E Steadman, Tavis Apramian, Tianwei E Zhou, Abdullah Ishaque, Xin Wang, Alexandra Kuzyk, Nebras Warsi
Clinician-scientists are physicians with training in both clinical medicine and research that enables them to occupy a unique niche as specialists in basic and translational biomedical research. While there is widespread acknowledgement of the importance of clinician-scientists in today's landscape of evidence-based medical practice, training of clinician-scientists in Canada has been on the decline, with fewer opportunities to obtain funding. With the increasing length of training and lower financial compensation, fewer medical graduates are choosing to pursue such a career...
April 26, 2017: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442493/characteristics-and-outcomes-of-canadian-md-phd-program-graduates-a-cross-sectional-survey
#2
Michael A Skinnider, Jordan W Squair, David D W Twa, Jennifer X Ji, Alexandra Kuzyk, Xin Wang, Patrick E Steadman, Kirill Zaslavsky, Ayan K Dey, Mark J Eisenberg, Ève-Reine Gagné, Kent T HayGlass, James F Lewis, Peter J Margetts, D Alan Underhill, Norman D Rosenblum, Lynn A Raymond
BACKGROUND: Combined MD/PhD programs provide a structured path for physician-scientist training, but assessment of their success within Canada is limited by a lack of quantitative data. We collected outcomes data for graduates of Canadian MD/PhD programs. METHODS: We developed and implemented a Web-based survey consisting of 41 questions designed to collect outcomes data for Canadian MD/PhD program alumni from 8 Canadian universities who had graduated before September 2015...
April 25, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441673/gateways-to-the-laboratory-how-an-md-phd-program-increased-the-number-of-minority-physician-scientists
#3
Ruth Gotian, Jemella C Raymore, Shauna-Kay Rhooms, Laura Liberman, Olaf S Andersen
Traditional underrepresented minority (URM) groups (African Americans, Hispanic Americans, Native Americans) remain underrepresented among physician-scientists. To address the dearth of URM physician-scientists, in 1993 the Weill Cornell/Rockefeller/Sloan Kettering Tri-Institutional MD-PhD Program developed a pipeline program, Gateways to the Laboratory (Gateways), which focuses on increasing the breadth and depth of the URM physician-scientist pipeline by offering an all-encompassing summer research training program which mirrors the life of a physician-scientist...
May 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437214/speaker-introductions-at-internal-medicine-grand-rounds-forms-of-address-reveal-gender-bias
#4
Julia A Files, Anita P Mayer, Marcia G Ko, Patricia Friedrich, Marjorie Jenkins, Michael J Bryan, Suneela Vegunta, Christopher M Wittich, Melissa A Lyle, Ryan Melikian, Trevor Duston, Yu-Hui H Chang, Sharonne N Hayes
BACKGROUND: Gender bias has been identified as one of the drivers of gender disparity in academic medicine. Bias may be reinforced by gender subordinating language or differential use of formality in forms of address. Professional titles may influence the perceived expertise and authority of the referenced individual. The objective of this study is to examine how professional titles were used in the same and mixed-gender speaker introductions at Internal Medicine Grand Rounds (IMGR). METHODS: A retrospective observational study of video-archived speaker introductions at consecutive IMGR was conducted at two different locations (Arizona, Minnesota) of an academic medical center...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421681/early-clinical-xenotransplantation-experiences-an-interview-with-thomas-e-starzl-md-phd
#5
REVIEW
David K C Cooper
Dr Thomas E. Starzl, who died on March 4, 2017, was one of the great pioneers of organ transplantation. He was also a pioneer in the field of xenotransplantation. In 1964, he carried out baboon kidney transplants in six patients with terminal renal disease for whom no living or deceased donor became available; graft survival was for 19-60 days, the grafts being lost largely through continuous complement activation. Between 1966 and 1974, he carried out one ex vivo liver perfusion and three orthotopic liver transplants using chimpanzees as sources of organs; graft survival was for <14 days...
March 2017: Xenotransplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421680/thomas-e-starzl-md-phd-1926-2017
#6
David K C Cooper, A Joseph Tector
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Xenotransplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416979/comparison-of-hemodynamic-effects-of-biventricular-versus-left-ventricular-only-pacing-in-patients-receiving-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-a-before-after-clinical-trial
#7
Babak Faghfourian Md, Shahram Homayoonfar Md, Mahdi Rezvanjoo Md, Jalal Poorolajal Md PhD, Amir Hossein Emam Md
BACKGROUND: Biventricular (BiV) pacing is the most common mode of delivering cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). However, initial clinical studies have indicated that left ventricular (LV) pacing is not inferior to BiV pacing. This study was conducted to address whether LV only pacing can provide the same hemodynamic response as BiV pacing. METHODS: This before-after clinical trial was conducted at Ekbatan Hospital, from July 2012 to November 2014. Patients with a LV ejection fraction ≤35% and a QRS duration ≥0...
April 2017: Journal of Arrhythmia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387150/improving-acl-reconstruction-outcomes
#8
Kevin E Wilk, Kurt P Spindler, Eric McCarty, Dustin Grooms, Karin Grävare Silbernagel
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is a common and predominantly successful surgical intervention. But are there specific preoperative patient characteristics or intraoperative surgeon decisions that lead to better or worse outcomes? And can understanding brain function changes of patients after ACL reconstruction reveal insights into the ways that postsurgical rehabilitation can be improved to further enhance outcomes? These intriguing and clinically applicable questions are addressed in this webinar titled "Improving ACL Reconstruction Outcomes," hosted jointly by JOSPT and JBJS...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375900/an-excellent-study-of-operative-versus-nonoperative-treatment-of-humeral-shaft-fractures-commentary-on-an-article-by-fabio-teruo-matsunaga-md-phd-et-al-minimally-invasive-osteosynthesis-with-a-bridge-plate-versus-a-functional-brace-for-humeral-shaft-fractures
#9
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373629/differences-in-high-intensity-signal-volume-between-arterial-spin-labeling-and-contrast-enhanced-t1-weighted-imaging-may-be-useful-for-differentiating-glioblastoma-from-brain-metastasis
#10
Mungunbagana Ganbold, Masafumi Harada, Delgerdalai Khashbat, Takashi Abe, Teruyoshi Kageji, Shinji Nagahiro
PURPOSE: To determine whether differences in tumor volume between arterial spin labeling (ASL) and contrast-enhanced T1-weighted MR images (CE+T1WI) can help differentiate glioblastoma (GBM) from brain metastasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with a diagnosis of GBM (n=25) or brain metastasis (n=13) were examined by both conventional and ASL MR imaging. Volumes of interest with high signal intensity on ASL and CE+T1WI were defined using three dimensional analysis software...
2017: Journal of Medical Investigation: JMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373620/three-year-survival-in-primary-cardiac-angiosarcoma
#11
Naoto Fukunaga, Takeshi Kitai, Yukihiro Imai, Yutaka Furukawa, Tadaaki Koyama
A healthy 18-year-old girl was referred to our hospital for further evaluations of cardiac angiosarcoma. Transthoracic echocardiography showed an immobile 4.6 cm×3.7 cm cardiac mass. The mass was occupying right atrial chamber and partially, invading into annulus of tricuspid valve on transesophageal echocardiography. At surgery, the mass was seen to be protruding from right atrial appendage and adhering to right side of pericardium. The histological findings were consistent with cardiac angiosarcoma and immunological staining was positive for CD34 and CD31...
2017: Journal of Medical Investigation: JMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373617/the-reduction-and-direct-repair-of-isthmic-spondylolisthesis-using-the-smiley-face-rod-method-in-adolescent-athlete-technical-note
#12
Kazuta Yamashita, Kosaku Higashino, Toshinori Sakai, Yoichiro Takata, Fumio Hayashi, Fumitake Tezuka, Masatoshi Morimoto, Akihiro Nagamachi, Koichi Sairyo
Presently, lumbar spondylolisthesis did not have the indication of direct repair surgery because of the difficulty to reduce the slippage. In this report, we presented a case and described a minimally invasive direct repair surgery to reduce and repair the pars interarticularis defects of lumbar spondylolisthesis. First, curettage and removal of the synovium of the pars interarticularis and decompression of nerve root are conducted. Next, cancellous bone is harvested from the iliac crest. And then the Percutaneous Pedicle Screws are inserted bilaterally...
2017: Journal of Medical Investigation: JMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373612/impact-of-a-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-nutrition-team-on-evaluating-sarcopenia-cachexia-and-practice-of-rehabilitation-nutrition
#13
Yoji Kokura, Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Keisuke Maeda, Shinta Nishioka, Saori Nakahara
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To determine whether the presence of a multidisciplinary rehabilitation nutrition team affects sarcopenia and cachexia evaluation and practice of rehabilitation nutrition. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using online questionnaire among members of the Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Nutrition (JARN) was conducted. Questions were related to sarcopenia and cachexia evaluation and practice of rehabilitation nutrition. RESULTS: 677 (14...
2017: Journal of Medical Investigation: JMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373609/nutritional-counseling-regulates-interdialytic-weight-gain-and-blood-pressure-in-outpatients-receiving-maintenance-hemodialysis
#14
Atsuko Sakai, Hisayo Hamada, Keiko Hara, Kyoko Mori, Takayuki Uchida, Takashi Mizuguchi, Jun Minaguchi, Kenji Shima, Shu Kawashima, Yasuhiro Hamada, Takeshi Nikawa
Maintenance hemodialysis outpatients must limit salt and water intake to maintain electrolyte balance and blood pressure. In Kawashima Hospital, nationally registered dietitians provide hemodialysis patients with monthly nutritional counseling. We investigated whether nutritional counseling affects interdialytic weight gain (IDWG) and blood pressure. We investigated 48 hemodialysis patients whose monthly average IDWG ratio to dry weight exceeded 5.1% and who had not had a long-term hospital admittance of > 1 month...
2017: Journal of Medical Investigation: JMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370472/in-memoriam-the-legacy-of-thomas-e-starzl-md-phd-3-11-1926-3-4-2017
#15
Ron Shapiro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362725/lorenz-poellinger-md-phd-1957-2016
#16
Urban Lendahl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Cell Death and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356903/biomarkers-translational-medicine-and-drug-development-an-interview-with-chirag-r-parikh-md-phd
#17
Corey Horien
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345799/george-lincoln-blackburn-md-phd-1936-2017
#18
Steven B Heymsfield, Caroline M Apovian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 27, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345448/in-memoriam-harry-van-der-vlugt-phd-md
#19
Jacobus Donders
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 27, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342301/retraction-statement-overexpression-of-mir-708-and-its-targets-in-the-childhood-common-precursor-b-cell-all-by-xue-li-mmed-dong-li-phd-yong-zhuang-mmed-qing-shi-bsc-wei-wei-mmed-and-xiuli-ju-md-phd
#20
(no author information available yet)
The above article, published online 23 August 2013 in Pediatric Blood and Cancer, Volume 60, Issue 12, December 2013, Pages 2060-2067, has been retracted by agreement among the authors, the journal's Editor-in-Chief, Peter E. Newburger, M.D., and Wiley Periodicals, Inc. The decision to retract was agreed upon following notification that the paper substantially duplicates a prior study already published in Chinese https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23611221. The authors were not aware that publication in another language would constitute a duplicate publication and, upon being informed of this fact, have agreed to withdraw the paper from Pediatric Blood and Cancer...
May 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
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