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hepatitis B autoimmune

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409377/laparoscopic-radical-antegrade-modular-pancreatosplenectomy-for-left-sided-pancreatic-cancer-using-the-ligament-of-treitz-approach
#1
Yusuke Ome, Kazuki Hashida, Mitsuru Yokota, Yoshio Nagahisa, Okabe Michio, Kazuyuki Kawamoto
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (Lap-DP) for benign lesions or those with low malignant potential has been proven safe and effective, and its performance is now widespread [1-3]. Lap-DP for left-sided pancreatic cancer (PC) is also being increasingly performed. According to some reports, Lap-DP has superior short-term outcomes (blood loss, postoperative hospital stay) and comparable oncological outcomes and overall survival with those of open distal pancreatectomy (Op-DP) [4-6]...
April 13, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400566/serum-metabolomics-analysis-reveals-a-distinct-metabolic-profile-of-patients-with-primary-biliary-cholangitis
#2
Juan Hao, Tao Yang, Yang Zhou, Guo-Yuan Gao, Feng Xing, Yuan Peng, Yan-Yan Tao, Cheng-Hai Liu
Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) is a chronic autoimmune liver disease associated with profound metabolic changes. The purpose of this study was to identify a distinctive metabolic signature from the training set with 29 PBC patients, 30 hepatitis B virus (HBV)-caused cirrhosis (HBC) and 41 healthy controls, and to validate the applicability and stability of the distinctive model from the validation set with 21 PBC patients, 7 autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) and 9 HBC. The sera were investigated using high resolution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and the datasets were analyzed pairwise using pattern recognition methods...
April 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391417/differences-in-phenotypes-and-liver-transplantation-outcomes-by-age-group-in-patients-with-primary-sclerosing-cholangitis
#3
Jacqueline B Henson, Yuval A Patel, Julius M Wilder, Jiayin Zheng, Shein-Chung Chow, Lindsay Y King, Andrew J Muir
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence for a heterogeneity of phenotypes in primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), but differences across the age spectrum in adults with PSC have not been well characterized. AIMS: To characterize phenotypic variations and liver transplantation outcomes by age group in adults with PSC. METHODS: The United Network for Organ Sharing database was used to identify waitlist registrations for primary liver transplantation in adults with PSC...
April 8, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390159/the-natural-history-of-primary-sclerosing-cholangitis-in-781-children-a-multicenter-international-collaboration
#4
Mark R Deneau, Wael El-Matary, Pamela L Valentino, Reham Abdou, Khaled Alqoaer, Mansi Amin, Achiya Z Amir, Marcus Auth, Fateh Bazerbachi, Annemarie Broderick, Albert Chan, Jillian Cotter, Sylvia Doan, Mounif El-Youssef, Federica Ferrari, Katryn N Furuya, Madeleine Gottrand, Frederic Gottrand, Nitika Gupta, Matjaz Homan, M K Jensen, Binita M Kamath, Kyung Mo Kim, Kaija-Leena Kolho, Anastasia Konidari, Bart Koot, Raffaele Iorio, Oren Ledder, Cara Mack, Mercedes Martinez, Tamir Miloh, Parvathi Mohan, Niamh O'Cathain, Alexandra Papadopoulou, Amanda Ricciuto, Lawrence Saubermann, Pushpa Sathya, Eyal Shteyer, Vratislav Smolka, Atushi Tanaka, Raghu Varier, Veena Venkat, Bernadette Vitola, Miriam B Vos, Marek Woynarowski, Jason Yap
BACKGROUND: There are limited data on the natural history of primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) in children. We aimed to describe the disease characteristics and long-term outcomes of pediatric PSC. METHODS: We retrospectively collected all pediatric PSC cases from 36 participating institutions and conducted a survival analysis from the date of PSC diagnosis to dates of diagnosis of portal hypertensive or biliary complications, cholangiocarcinoma, liver transplantation, or death...
April 8, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384326/increased-risk-of-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss-in-patients-with-hepatitis-virus-infection
#5
Hsin-Chien Chen, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Chih-Hung Wang, Jung-Chun Lin, Wei-Kuo Chang, Fu-Huang Lin, Chang-Huei Tsao, Yung-Fu Wu, Wu-Chien Chien
The etiology of sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) remains unclear. Possible causes of SSNHL include vascular diseases, viral infection, and autoimmune disorders. Therefore, we investigated whether hepatitis virus infection is correlated with the risk of SSNHL. Using data from the Taiwan Longitudinal Health Insurance Database, we conducted a retrospective matched-cohort study to compare patients diagnosed with hepatitis B or C virus (HBV/HCV) infections from January 1, 2000, to December 31, 2010, (N = 170,942) with frequency-matched controls (N = 512,826) at a ratio of 1:3 by sex, age, and index year...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381383/serum-soluble-st2-is-a-promising-prognostic-biomarker-in-hbv-related-acute-on-chronic-liver-failure
#6
Shao-Wen Jiang, Peng Wang, Xiao-Gang Xiang, Rui-Dong Mo, Lan-Yi Lin, Shi-San Bao, Jie Lu, Qing Xie
BACKGROUND: The IL-33/ST2 axis is involved in the pathogenesis of many diseases such as autoimmune diseases, cancer, and heart failure. However, studies of the IL-33/ST2 pathway in HBV-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF) are lacking. The present study aimed to determine the prognostic role of serum IL-33/soluble ST2 (sST2) in HBV-ACLF. METHODS: Serum levels of IL-33 and sST2 in healthy controls (HC, n=18), chronic hepatitis B (CHB, n=27) and HBV-ACLF (n=51) patients at the 1st and 4th week after enrollment were detected using ELISA, and clinical data were collected...
April 2017: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379592/severe-hepatocytotoxicity-linked-to-denosumab
#7
S Malnick, Y Maor, E Melzer, N N Ziv-Sokolowskaia, M G Neuman
OBJECTIVE: Denosumab (Prolia, Amgen, Thousand Oaks, CA, USA) is a fully human antibody to the receptor activator of nuclear factor-KB ligand (RANKL). We present a case of submassive hepatic necrosis with evidence implicating cytokine induction resulting from an immune reaction to denosumab. CASE REPORT: A 72-year-old lady presented with elevated liver enzymes. One month previously, she received a s/c administration of 60 mg of denosumab. Viral hepatitis A, B and C and human herpes viruses 6-7 were negative as were routine autoimmune serology...
March 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357476/type-i-interferon-as-a-biomarker-in-autoimmunity-and-viral-infection-a-leukocyte-subset-specific-analysis-unveils-hidden-diagnostic-options
#8
Romy Strauß, Thomas Rose, Shaun M Flint, Jens Klotsche, Thomas Häupl, Markus Peck-Radosavljevic, Taketoshi Yoshida, Chieko Kyogoku, Alexandra Flechsig, Amy M Becker, Kathryn H Dao, Andreas Radbruch, Gerd-Rüdiger Burmester, Paul A Lyons, Laurie S Davis, Falk Hiepe, Andreas Grützkau, Robert Biesen
Interferon alpha and its surrogates, including IP-10 and SIGLEC1, paralleled changes of disease activity in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). However, the whole blood interferon signature (WBIFNS)-the current standard for type I IFN assessment in SLE-does not correlate with SLE disease activity in individual patients over time. The underlying causes for this apparent contradiction have not been convincingly demonstrated. Using a multicenter dataset of gene expression data from leukocyte subsets in SLE, we identify distinctive subset-specific contributions to the WBIFNS...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Molecular Medicine: Official Organ of the "Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte"
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357030/factors-associated-with-long-term-survival-after-liver-transplantation-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#9
Sven Pischke, Marie C Lege, Moritz von Wulffen, Antonio Galante, Benjamin Otto, Malte H Wehmeyer, Uta Herden, Lutz Fischer, Björn Nashan, Ansgar W Lohse, Martina Sterneck
AIM: To identify predictive factors associated with long-term patient and graft survival (> 15 years) in liver transplant recipients. METHODS: Medical charts of all de novo adult liver transplant recipients (n = 140) who were transplanted in Hamburg between 1997 and 1999 were retrospectively reviewed. In total, 155 transplantations were identified in this time period (15 re-transplantations). Twenty-six orthotopic liver transplant (OLT) recipients were early lost to follow-up due to moving to other places within 1 year after transplantation...
March 18, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356465/viral-hepatitis-and-parkinson-disease-a-national-record-linkage-study
#10
Julia Pakpoor, Alastair Noyce, Raph Goldacre, Marianna Selkihova, Stephen Mullin, Anette Schrag, Andrew Lees, Michael Goldacre
OBJECTIVE: To study associations between viral hepatitis and Parkinson disease (PD). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was done by analyzing linked English National Hospital Episode Statistics and mortality data (1999-2011). Cohorts of individuals with hepatitis B, hepatitis C, autoimmune hepatitis, chronic active hepatitis, and HIV were constructed, and compared to a reference cohort for subsequent rates of PD. RESULTS: The standardized rate ratio (RR) of PD following hepatitis B was 1...
March 29, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348465/impact-of-hepatic-and-extrahepatic-insults-on-the-outcome-of-acute-on-chronic-liver-failure
#11
Tarana Gupta, Radha K Dhiman, Sahaj Rathi, Swastik Agrawal, Ajay Duseja, Sunil Taneja, Yogesh Chawla
BACKGROUND: To study the differences in outcome and predictors of mortality in acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) precipitated by hepatic or extrahepatic insults. METHODS: Consecutive patients of cirrhosis with acute decompensation were prospectively included and followed up for 90 days from admission. ACLF was defined based on chronic liver failure (CLIF) acute-on-chronic liver failure in cirrhosis (CANONIC study) criteria. Acute worsening due to acute viral hepatitis A and E, hepatitis B flare, alcoholic hepatitis, autoimmune hepatitis flare, or drug-induced liver injury were categorized as hepatic ACLF and that due to bacterial infection, upper gastrointestinal bleed or surgery as extrahepatic ACLF...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321390/metabonomics-research-progress-on-liver-diseases
#12
REVIEW
Mengqian Yu, Ying Zhu, Qingwei Cong, Chunyan Wu
Metabolomics as the new omics technique develops after genomics, transcriptomics, and proteomics and has rapid development at present. Liver diseases are worldwide public health problems. In China, chronic hepatitis B and its secondary diseases are the common liver diseases. They can be diagnosed by the combination of history, virology, liver function, and medical imaging. However, some patients seldom have relevant physical examination, so the diagnosis may be delayed. Many other liver diseases, such as drug-induced liver injury (DILI), alcoholic liver disease (ALD) and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), and autoimmune liver diseases, still do not have definite diagnostic markers; the diagnosis consists of history, medical imaging, and the relevant score...
2017: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297794/-research-advances-in-autoimmune-liver-diseases-in-2016
#13
B Li, Q X Wang, X Ma
Autoimmune liver diseases are a group of abnormal autoimmune-mediated inflammatory hepatobiliary injuries, mainly including autoimmune hepatitis(AIH), primary biliary cholangitis(PBC), and primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC). The diagnosis and treatment of autoimmune liver diseases, an important type of non-viral liver disease, have become a prominent issue in hepatology. In 2016, many new advances have been achieved in the clinical and basic research on autoimmune liver diseases, including the phase 3 clinical trial of obeticholic acid, the proposal of UK-PBC risk score, and the research on gut microbiota associated with PSC...
February 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296656/severity-and-outcome-of-acute-on-chronic-liver-failure-is-dependent-on-the-etiology-of-acute-hepatic-insults-analysis-of-368-patients
#14
Shalimar, Saurabh Kedia, Soumya J Mahapatra, Baibaswata Nayak, Deepak Gunjan, Bhaskar Thakur, Subrat K Acharya
BACKGROUND: Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) may be precipitated by various hepatic insults. The present study evaluated the outcomes of ACLF with different acute insults. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 368 ACLF patients were included. Data collected included etiologies of acute hepatic insult and underlying chronic liver disease, and organ failure. Model for end-stage liver disease (MELD), chronic liver failure consortium (CLIF)-C ACLF, and acute physiology and chronic health evaluation (APACHE) II scores were calculated...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293236/interferon-lambda-modulating-immunity-in-infectious-diseases
#15
REVIEW
Mohammedyaseen Syedbasha, Adrian Egli
Interferon lambdas (IFN-λs; IFNL1-4) modulate immunity in the context of infections and autoimmune diseases, through a network of induced genes. IFN-λs act by binding to the heterodimeric IFN-λ receptor (IFNLR), activating a STAT phosphorylation-dependent signaling cascade. Thereby hundreds of IFN-stimulated genes are induced, which modulate various immune functions via complex forward and feedback loops. When compared to the well-characterized IFN-α signaling cascade, three important differences have been discovered...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263100/decreased-serum-dnase1-activity-in-patients-with-autoimmune-liver-diseases
#16
Nikolaos K Gatselis, Aigli G Vakrakou, Kalliopi Zachou, Theodoros Androutsakos, Kalliopi Azariadis, Gregorios Hatzis, Menelaos N Manoussakis, George N Dalekos
Deoxyribonuclease1 (DNase1) is involved in chromatin degradation of apoptotic cells. Its deficiency results in accumulation of self-DNA, which in turn may induce inflammation and autoimmunity. We assessed for the first time serum DNase1-activity in a large consecutive cohort of treatment-naïve patients with autoimmune liver diseases (ALD). DNase1-activity was determined by single radial enzyme-diffusion (SRED) at diagnosis of 224 patients with autoimmune hepatitis (AIH), 249 with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) and 36 with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC)...
March 2017: Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259000/th17-treg-imbalance-and-increased-interleukin-21-are-associated-with-liver-injury-in-patients-with-chronic-severe-hepatitis-b
#17
Bin Liu, Wei Gao, Li Zhang, Jing Wang, Min Chen, Mingli Peng, Hong Ren, Peng Hu
BACKGROUND: Th17/Treg imbalance and the levels of related cytokines are essential in the pathogenesis of autoimmune and infectious diseases. The aim of the current study was to assess the Treg/Th17 balance and the levels of related cytokines associated with various degrees of liver injury in patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. METHODS: The proportions of peripheral Th17, Treg and Th1 cells in 7 patients classified as asymptomatic hepatitis B virus carriers (AsCs), 38 patients with low or moderate grade chronic hepatitis B (CHB-LM), 20 patients with chronic severe hepatitis B (CSHB), and 10 healthy controls (HCs) were determined by flow cytometry...
March 1, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252627/-clinical-features-of-%C3%A2-metabolism%C3%A2-diseases-of-the-skin-in-patients-with-chronic-diffuse-liver-diseases
#18
O N Pozdnyakova, O B Nemchaninova, S G Lykova, T B Reshetnikova
AIM: To determine the clinical features of skin diseases developing in the presence of metabolic disturbances in patients with chronic diffuse liver diseases. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 368 patients with different clinical forms of hepatopathy were comprehensively examined. RESULTS: 817 cases of seborrhea, skin itch, xerodermia, xanthomatosis, and dyschromia were detected in 318 (86.4%) patients. CONCLUSION: The prevalence and intensity of cutaneous manifestations depended on the nature of the pathological liver process and indirectly testified to its severity and activity...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246565/diphenhydramine-as-a-cause-of-drug-induced-liver-injury
#19
Yunseok Namn, Yecheskel Schneider, Isabelle H Cui, Arun Jesudian
Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is the most common cause of acute liver failure in the Unites States and accounts for 10% of acute hepatitis cases. We report the only known case of diphenhydramine-induced acute liver injury in the absence of concomitant medications. A 28-year-old man with history of 13/14-chromosomal translocation presented with fevers, vomiting, and jaundice. Aspartate-aminotransferase and alanine-aminotransferase levels peaked above 20,000 IU/L and 5,000 IU/L, respectively. He developed coagulopathy but without altered mental status...
2017: Case Reports in Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228112/three-case-reports-of-post-immunization-and-post-viral-bullous-pemphigoid-looking-for-the-right-trigger
#20
Luca Baroero, Paola Coppo, Laura Bertolino, Stefano Maccario, Francesco Savino
BACKGROUND: Bullous pemphigoid (BP) is a blistering skin disorder infrequent in infancy and rarely reported in medical literature. CASE PRESENTATION: Here we describe three cases of BP which were referred to our department in the last 15 years. Two of them developed an eruption of bullous lesions just a few days after vaccination for diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, poliomyelitis, hepatitis B and Haemophilus influenzae B. The third patient developed the same blistering lesions shortly after herpetic stomatitis...
February 23, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
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