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Asphyxia neonatorum

Y Y Zheng, L Y Zou, L Fan
OBJECTIVE: To study the changes of intrapartum cesarean rate, cesarean indications and pregnancy outcomes after the new partogram applied. METHODS: Totally 3 290 pregnant women trying to vaginal delivery which were managed according to the new partogram in Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Capital Medical University from August to October in 2014(new partogram group)were involved; 2 987 pregnancy women trying to vaginal delivery from May to July in 2014 which were managed according to the old partogram(old partogram group)were involved as control...
April 25, 2016: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
K T Adesina, O O Ogunlaja, A P Aboyeji, O A Olarinoye, A S Adeniran, A A Fawole, H J Akande
BACKGROUND: The anthropometric parameters of the umbilical cord have clinical significance. Current parameters of the cord, its correlates and related foetal outcome are lacking in our parturients. OBJECTIVES: To describe the anthropometric parameters and abnormalities of the umbilical cord; and determine their maternal correlates and foetal outcome. DESIGN: A cross sectional analytical study. SETTING: The Obstetric and Gynaecology Department of the Universityof Ilorin Teaching Hospital, between September 2012 and June 2013...
August 2014: East African Medical Journal
Hege Ersdal
In 2000, Millennium Development Goal 4 called for global deaths in under fives, to be reduced by two thirds by 2015 (United Nations Millennium Declaration (UNMD) 2000). Birth asphyxia - failure to initiate or sustain spontaneous breathing at birth - causes up to one million neonatal deaths per year (Ersdal and Singhal 2013). A high proportion.of these are in low-resource countries. In 2009, a group of doctors and academics from hospitals and universities in Norway and the United States wanted to find out if the Helping babies breathe (HBB) simulation-based programme for midwives in low-resource countries helped reduce newborn fatalities in a hospital in Tanzania...
September 2015: Practising Midwife
Biljana Pejović, Jelena Erić-Marinković, Marija Pejović, Jelena Kotur-Stevuljević, Amira Peco-Antić
INTRODUCTION: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in neonatal intensive care units (NICU). In recent years, every effort is made for early detection of AKI. Our hypothesis was that serum neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (sNGAL) may be a reliable screening test for early diagnosis of AKI in premature neonates after perinatal asphyxia. Therefore, our aim was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of sNGAL for AKI in premature asphyxiated neonates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: AKI was defined in the third day of life (DOL 3) as a serum creatinine (sCr) increase ≥26...
2015: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
Hannah Spiers, Godfrey Twesigomwe, Peter Cartledge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Sarah Sousa, John G Mielke
Every year, nearly 1 million babies succumb to birth asphyxia (BA) within the Asia-Pacific region. The present study sought to determine whether educational interventions containing some element of resuscitation training would decrease the relative risk (RR) of neonatal mortality attributable to BA in low-resource communities. We systematically reviewed 3 electronic databases and identified 14 relevant reports. For community deliveries, providing traditional birth attendants (TBAs) with neonatal resuscitation training modestly reduced the RR in 3 of 4 studies...
October 2015: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Yi Chen, Liying Zou, Guanghui Li, Yan Ruan, Xin Wang, Weiyuan Zhang
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the delivery mode and perinatal outcomes of low birth weight infants in mainland China, and to explore the appropriate delivery mode and timing of delivery. METHODS: Clinical data of 103 678 babies delivered from Jan 1(st) to Dec 31(th), 2011 in 39 hospitals in mainland China were analyzed retrospectively. The 39 hospitals located in 7 administrative regions, including Northeast, Northwest, North, Central, East, South and Southwest China...
May 2015: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
T Revakova, A Vasilenkova, E Ujhazy, M Dubovicky, M Mach, I Brucknerova
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether red blood cell (RBC) folate concentration levels are correlated with the occurrence of neonatal asphyxia and to study the effects of gestational age, gender, and mode of delivery on RBC folate concentration levels in newborns. BACKGROUND: Asphyxia is one of the frequent causes of morbidity and mortality of newborns. Severe perinatal asphyxia can arise due to many factors. METHODS: In a prospective study, the RBC folate concentrations were determined on day 1 of life in the whole group (n=181) of full-term (n=121) and preterm (n=60) newborns...
2015: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
Carina Mallard, Zinaida S Vexler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Ish K Gulati, Theresa R Shubert, Swetha Sitaram, Lai Wei, Sudarshan R Jadcherla
Perinatal asphyxia and aerodigestive symptoms are troublesome. We tested the hypothesis that pharyngeal provocation alters proximal and distal aerodigestive reflex coordination and kinetics in infants with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), compared with healthy controls. Specifically, we characterized the sensory-motor properties of pharyngeal provocation-induced effects on upper esophageal sphincter (UES) and lower esophageal sphincter (LES) reflexes. Ten orally fed controls (32.0 ± 1.5 wk gestation) and 25 infants with HIE (38...
October 15, 2015: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Dominic J C Wilkinson, Ben Stenson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
Arit Parkash, Nighat Haider, Zubair Ahmed Khoso, Abdul Sattar Shaikh
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency, aetiology and outcome of respiratory distress in neonates in intensive care unit. METHODS: The descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, National Institute of Child Health, Karachi, from October 2009 to March 2010. It comprised neonates aged day 0 to 28 who were admitted to Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. The neonates were screened first for respiratory distress and presence of one or more signs and symptoms...
July 2015: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
K Jane Hassell, Mojgan Ezzati, Daniel Alonso-Alconada, Derek J Hausenloy, Nicola J Robertson
Intrapartum-related events are the third leading cause of childhood mortality worldwide and result in one million neurodisabled survivors each year. Infants exposed to a perinatal insult typically present with neonatal encephalopathy (NE). The contribution of pure hypoxia-ischaemia (HI) to NE has been debated; over the last decade, the sensitising effect of inflammation in the aetiology of NE and neurodisability is recognised. Therapeutic hypothermia is standard care for NE in high-income countries; however, its benefit in encephalopathic babies with sepsis or in those born following chorioamnionitis is unclear...
November 2015: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
Sabine Ensing, Ameen Abu-Hanna, Tessa J Roseboom, Sjoerd Repping, Fulco van der Veen, Ben Willem J Mol, Anita C J Ravelli
OBJECTIVE: To study risk of birth asphyxia and related morbidity among term singletons born after medically assisted reproduction (MAR). DESIGN: Population cohort study. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): A total of 1,953,932 term singleton pregnancies selected from a national registry for 1999-2011. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Primary outcome Apgar score <4; secondary outcomes Apgar score <7, intrauterine fetal death, perinatal mortality, congenital anomalies, small for gestational age, asphyxia related morbidity, and cesarean delivery...
August 2015: Fertility and Sterility
Rogelio Cruz-Martínez, Antonio Méndez, Hugo Pineda-Alemán, Carlos Rebolledo-Fernández
Congenital oral and neck masses are associated with a high perinatal mortality and morbidity secondary to airway obstruction due to a mass effect of the tumor with subsequent neonatal asphyxia and/or neonatal death. In 1997, the Ex Utero Intrapartum Treatment (EXIT) technique was designed to establish a secure neonatal airway. This procedure allows neonatal tracheal intubation while the uteroplacental circulation maintains fetal oxygenation in a partial fetal delivery during cesarean section. However, it must be emphasized that this technique requires a multidisciplinary team, maternal general anesthesia, high surgery times and potential maternal risks such as placental abruption and increased maternal blood loss due to uterine atony...
January 2015: Ginecología y Obstetricia de México
Ann-Marie Looney, Brian H Walsh, Gerard Moloney, Sue Grenham, Ailis Fagan, Gerard W O'Keeffe, Gerard Clarke, John F Cryan, Ted G Dinan, Geraldine B Boylan, Deirdre M Murray
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression profile of microRNA (miRNA) in umbilical cord blood from infants with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). STUDY DESIGN: Full-term infants with perinatal asphyxia were identified under strict enrollment criteria. Degree of encephalopathy was defined using both continuous multichannel electroencephalogram in the first 24 hours of life and modified Sarnat score. Seventy infants (18 controls, 33 with perinatal asphyxia without HIE, and 19 infants with HIE [further graded as 13 mild, 2 moderate, and 4 severe]) were included in the study...
August 2015: Journal of Pediatrics
Thomas Alderliesten, Linda S de Vries, Yara Khalil, Ingrid C van Haastert, Manon J N L Benders, Corine Koopman-Esseboom, Floris Groenendaal
UNLABELLED: WHAT IS KNOWN ABOUT THIS SUBJECT?: Diffusion-weighted MRI has demonstrated changes in the corpus callosum of term neonates with perinatal asphyxia. The severity of cerebral changes demonstrated using diffusion-weighted MRI is difficult to assess without measuring values of the Apparent Diffusion Coefficient (ADC). WHAT IS NEW?: ADC values of the anterior part of the corpus callosum are slightly higher than of the posterior part in full term infants with perinatal asphyxia...
2015: PloS One
K S Sobotka, T Ong, G R Polglase, K J Crossley, T J M Moss, S B Hooper
OBJECTIVE: At birth, an initial sustained inflation (SI) uniformly aerates the lungs, increases arterial oxygenation and rapidly improves circulatory recovery in asphyxiated newborns. We hypothesised that lung aeration, in the absence of an increase in arterial oxygenation, can increase heart rate (HR) in asphyxiated near-term lambs. INTERVENTIONS: Lambs were delivered and instrumented at 139±2 days of gestation. Asphyxia was induced by umbilical cord clamping and then delaying the onset of ventilation until mean carotid arterial pressures (CAPs) had decreased <20 mm Hg...
July 2015: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
Emma R Allanson, Mari Muller, Robert C Pattinson
BACKGROUND: Reviews of perinatal deaths are mostly facility based. Given the number of women who, globally, deliver outside of facilities, this data may be biased against total population data. We aimed to analyse population based perinatal mortality data from a LMIC setting (Mpumalanga, South Africa) to determine the causes of perinatal death and the rate of maternal complications in the setting of a perinatal death. METHODS: A secondary analysis of the South African Perinatal Problems Identification Program (PPIP) database for the Province of Mpumalanga was undertaken for the period October 2013 to January 2014, inclusive...
February 15, 2015: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Piyush Shah, Ajay Anvekar, Judy McMichael, Shripada Rao
BACKGROUND: Infants who have an Apgar score of zero at 10 min of age are known to have poor long-term prognosis. Expert committee guidelines suggest that it is reasonable to cease resuscitation efforts if the asphyxiated infant does not demonstrate a heart beat by 10 min of life. These guidelines are based on data from the era when therapeutic hypothermia was not the standard of care for hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE). Hence, we aimed to review our unit data from the era of therapeutic hypothermia to evaluate the outcomes of infants who had an Apgar score of zero at 10 min and had survived to reach the neonatal intensive care unit...
November 2015: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
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