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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893092/global-patterns-in-health-burden-of-uncorrected-refractive-error
#1
Lixia Lou, Chunlei Yao, Yanhua Jin, Victor Perez, Juan Ye
Purpose: To evaluate the global patterns in health burden of uncorrected refractive error (URE) by year, age and sex, region, and socioeconomic status, using disability-adjusted life years (DALYs). Methods: Global, regional, or national DALY numbers, crude DALY rates, and age-standardized DALY rates caused by URE, by year, or age and sex, were obtained from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. Human development index (HDI) in 2013 as a national socioeconomic indicator was obtained from the Human Development Report...
November 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891376/smokeless-tobacco-and-stroke-a-clinico-epidemiological-follow-up-study-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#2
Subhransu Sekhar Jena, Shobhitendu Kabi, Baikuntha Nath Panda, B C Kameswari, Payal, Ishwar Chandra Behera, Subrat Kumar Tripathy, Seemanchana Mahanta
INTRODUCTION: Among the modifiable risk factors for stroke, tobacco smoking is well recognized. In some studies the use of Smokeless Tobacco (ST) has also been contributed as a risk factor for ischemic stroke. Use of ST is very common in South-East Asia. The form of ST varies according to the geographical and cultural variation. AIM: To study the various clinical symptoms and radiological findings of stroke due to different types of ST. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective hospital based study carried out over a period of 2 years...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891081/the-brain-of-the-archerfish-toxotes-chatareus-a-nissl-based-neuroanatomical-atlas-and-catecholaminergic-cholinergic-systems
#3
Naomi Karoubi, Ronen Segev, Mario F Wullimann
Over recent years, the seven-spot archerfish (Toxotes chatareus) has emerged as a new model for studies in visual and behavioral neuroscience thanks to its unique hunting strategy. Its natural ability to spit at insects outside of water can be used in the laboratory for well controlled behavioral experiments where the fish is trained to aim at targets on a screen. The need for a documentation of the neuroanatomy of this animal became critical as more research groups use it as a model. Here we present an atlas of adult T...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891047/endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-outcomes-for-gastroesophageal-tumors-in-low-volume-units-a-multicenter-survey
#4
Ahmad Najib Azmi, Christopher J L Khor, Khek-Yu Ho, Rapat Pittayanon, Rungsun Rerknimitr, Thawee Ratanachu-Ek, Doreen S C Koay, Jianyi Calvin Koh, Shiaw-Hooi Ho, Khean-Lee Goh, Sanjiv Mahadeva
Background and Aims. Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) outcomes have traditionally been reported from high volume centers in East Asia. Data from low volume centers in other parts of Asia remain sparse. Methods. A retrospective survey with a structured questionnaire of 5 tertiary centers in 3 countries in South East Asia was conducted. Details of training and clinical outcomes of ESD cases, with follow-up data from these centers, were analyzed. Results. Seven endoscopists from the 5 centers performed a total of 35 cases of ESD in the upper gastrointestinal tract (UGIT) over a 6-year duration...
2016: Diagnostic and Therapeutic Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890317/supernumerary-heads-to-biceps-brachii-muscle-and-asian-population-history
#5
N Techataweewan, Y Toomsan, C Maneenin, N Tungsrithong, N Tayles
Supernumerary heads of biceps brachii are one of the most common anatomic variants in the muscular system and appear to develop under genetic control and vary in prevalence among populations. Variation in prevalence and morphology therefore has the potential to contribute to understanding of human population history. Until now, there has been no publication of the prevalence of the variant in Southeast Asian populations. The aim of this research is to document the prevalence and morphology of the variant in a sample of Thai cadavers and to consider the significance of the findings...
October 1, 2016: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889244/medicinal-uses-chemistry-and-pharmacology-of-dillenia-species-dilleniaceae
#6
REVIEW
Carla W Sabandar, Juriyati Jalil, Norizan Ahmat, Nor-Ashila Aladdin
The genus Dillenia is comprised of about 100 species of evergreen and deciduous trees or shrubs of disjunct distribution in the seasonal tropics of Madagascar through South and South East Asia, Malaysia, North Australia, and Fiji. Species from this genus have been widely used in medicinal folklore to treat cancers, wounds, jaundice, fever, cough, diabetes mellitus, and diarrhea as well as hair tonics. The plants of the genus also produce edible fruits and are cultivated as ornamental plants. Flavonoids, triterpenoids, and miscellaneous compounds have been identified in the genus...
November 23, 2016: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884469/chinese-province-scale-source-apportionments-for-sulfate-aerosol-in-2005-evaluated-by-the-tagged-tracer-method
#7
Syuichi Itahashi, Hiroshi Hayami, Keiya Yumimoto, Itsushi Uno
Appropriate policies to improve air quality by reducing anthropogenic emissions are urgently needed. This is typified by the particulate matter (PM) problem and it is well known that one type of PM, sulfate aerosol (SO4(2-)), has a large-scale impact due to long range transport. In this study we evaluate the source-receptor relationships of SO4(2-) over East Asia for 2005, when anthropogenic sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions from China peaked. SO2 emissions from China have been declining since 2005-2006, so the possible maximum impact of Chinese contributions of SO4(2-) is evaluated...
November 22, 2016: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878100/neurological-manifestations-of-zika-virus-infection
#8
REVIEW
Ana-Belén Blázquez, Juan-Carlos Saiz
Zika virus (ZIKV) is a flavivirus (Flaviviridae family) transmitted mainly by Aedes mosquitoes. The virus was restricted to the African continent until its spread to south-east Asia in the 1980's, the Micronesia in 2007, the French Polynesia in 2013 and, more recently in the Americas in 2015, where, up to date, the World Health Organization (WHO) has estimated about 3-4 million total cases of ZIKV infection. During outbreaks in the French Polynesia and Brazil in 2013 and 2015, respectively, national health authorities reported potential neurological complications of ZIKV disease, chiefly an upsurge in Guillain-Barré syndrome, which coincided with ZIKV outbreaks...
November 12, 2016: World Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876994/epidemiological-trend-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-two-endemic-focus-of-disease-south-of-iran
#9
Moosa Khosravani, Zahra Nasiri, Davood Keshavarz, Azam Rafat-Panah
Cutaneous leishmaniasis is one the most important zoonotic diseases has different invertebrate hosts in different parts of its range, the vectors are often closely related. Leishmaniasis is a world-wide vector borne disease, affecting 88 countries: especially in the Middle East and southwestern Asia. Nesokiaindica or M. libycuserythrourus are confirmed as reservoir and Phlebotomine sand flies are proven as vectors of the disease in the south of Iran. Patients' information collected from Firouzabad and Ghirokarzin county, Fars province in Iran during 2006-2014...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872568/weekly-iron-folic-acid-supplementation-plays-differential-role-in-maintaining-iron-markers-level-in-non-anaemic-and-anaemic-primigravida-a-randomized-controlled-study
#10
Hari Shankar, Neeta Kumar, Rajat Sandhir, Suneeta Mittal, Santosh Kurra, Lakhbir Dhaliwal, Gurjit Kaur, Nomita Chandhiok, B S Dhillon, D N Rao
: Anaemia during pregnancy is most commonly observed and highly prevalent in South-East Asia. Various effective programmes have been laid down for its management, mainly daily supplementation of iron folic acid (IFA) tablets. Following the same, standard obstetrical practice has included the IFA supplementation without requiring the determination of iron deficiency. In this study, a total of 120 primigravida (N = 60; non-anaemic (Hb > 11 g/dl) and N = 60 anaemic (Hb = 8-11 g/dl)) were selected among those attending the Antenatal Clinic in Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, India...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867787/interannual-variation-of-springtime-biomass-burning-in-indochina-regional-differences-associated-atmospheric-dynamical-changes-and-downwind-impacts
#11
Wan-Ru Huang, Sheng-Hsiang Wang, Ming-Cheng Yen, Neng-Huei Lin, Parichart Promchote
During March and April, widespread burning occurs across farmlands in Indochina in preparation for planting at the monsoon onset. The resultant aerosols impact the air quality downwind. In this study, we investigate the climatic aspect of the interannual variation of springtime biomass burning in Indochina and its correlation with air quality at Mt. Lulin in Taiwan using long-term (2005-2015) satellite and global reanalysis data. Based on empirical orthogonal function (EOF) analysis, we find that the biomass burning activities vary with two geographical regions: northern Indochina (the primary EOF mode) and southern Indochina (the secondary EOF mode)...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Geophysical Research. Atmospheres: JGR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867144/palliative-care-in-pakistan
#12
Robyna Irshad Khan
Pakistan is a developing country of South East Asia, with all the incumbent difficulties currently being faced by the region. Insufficient public healthcare facilities, poorly regulated private health sector, low budgetary allocation for health, improper priority setting while allocating limited resources, have resulted essentially in an absence of palliative care from the healthcare scene. Almost 90% of healthcare expenditure is out of the patient's pocket with more than 45% of population living below the poverty line...
November 11, 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863929/global-trends-in-adolescent-fertility-1990-2012-in-relation-to-national-wealth-income-inequalities-and-educational-expenditures
#13
John S Santelli, Xiaoyu Song, Samantha Garbers, Vinit Sharma, Russell M Viner
PURPOSE: National wealth, income inequalities, and expenditures on education can profoundly influence the health of a nation's women, children, and adolescents. We explored the association of trends in national socioeconomic status (SES) indicators with trends in adolescent birth rates (ABRs), by nation and region. METHODS: An ecologic research design was employed using national-level data from the World Bank on birth rates per 1,000 women aged 15-19 years, national wealth (per capita gross domestic product or GDP), income inequality (Gini index), and expenditures on education as a percentage of GDP (EduExp)...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863813/worldwide-trends-in-blood-pressure-from-1975-to-2015-a-pooled-analysis-of-1479-population-based-measurement-studies-with-19%C3%A2-1-million-participants
#14
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Raised blood pressure is an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and chronic kidney disease. We estimated worldwide trends in mean systolic and mean diastolic blood pressure, and the prevalence of, and number of people with, raised blood pressure, defined as systolic blood pressure of 140 mm Hg or higher or diastolic blood pressure of 90 mm Hg or higher. METHODS: For this analysis, we pooled national, subnational, or community population-based studies that had measured blood pressure in adults aged 18 years and older...
November 15, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858935/multiethnic-involvement-in-autosomal-dominant-optic-atrophy-in-singapore
#15
J L Loo, S Singhal, A V Rukmini, S Tow, P Amati-Bonneau, V Procaccio, D Bonneau, J J Gooley, P Reynier, M Ferré, D Milea
PurposeAutosomal-dominant optic atrophy (ADOA), often associated with mutations in the OPA1 gene (chromosome 3q28-q29) is rarely reported in Asia. Our aim was to identify and describe this condition in an Asian population in Singapore.Patients and methodsPreliminary cross-sectional study at the Singapore National Eye Centre, including patients with clinical suspicion of ADOA, who subsequently underwent genetic testing by direct sequencing of the OPA1 gene.ResultsAmong 12 patients (10 families) with clinically suspected ADOA, 7 patients (5 families) from 3 different ethnic origins (Chinese, Indian, and Malay) carried a heterozygous pathogenic variant in the OPA1 gene...
November 18, 2016: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855093/biopsychosocial-correlates-of-hope-in-asian-patients-with-cancer-a-systematic-review
#16
Rathi Mahendran, Shi Min Chua, Haikel A Lim, Isaac J Yee, Joyce Y S Tan, Ee Heok Kua, Konstadina Griva
OBJECTIVE: To examine the factors associated with hope and hopelessness in patients with cancer in Asian countries, and the instruments used to measure hope and hopelessness. METHORDS: A comprehensive systematic review was conducted with search terms, including cancer, hope, hopelessness and individual Asian country names, on CINAHL, Embase, PsycINFO, PubMed and Scopus databases. Only quantitative studies on adult cancer populations in Asia examining hope or hopelessness were included...
October 6, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853513/south-east-asian-strains-of-plasmodium-falciparum-display-higher%C3%A2-ratio-of-non-synonymous-to-synonymous-polymorphisms-compared-to-african-strains
#17
Gajinder Pal Singh, Amit Sharma
Resistance to frontline anti-malarial drugs, including artemisinin, has repeatedly arisen in South-East Asia, but the reasons for this are not understood. Here we test whether evolutionary constraints on Plasmodium falciparum strains from South-East Asia differ from African strains. We find a significantly higher ratio of non-synonymous to synonymous polymorphisms in P. falciparum from South-East Asia compared to Africa, suggesting differences in the selective constraints on P. falciparum genome in these geographical regions...
2016: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852704/complementary-feeding-and-the-early-origins-of-obesity-risk-a-study-protocol
#18
Naleena Devi Muniandy, Pascale A Allotey, Ireneous N Soyiri, Daniel D Reidpath
INTRODUCTION: The rise in the prevalence of childhood obesity worldwide calls for an intervention earlier in the life cycle. Studies show that nutrition during early infancy may contribute to later obesity. Hence, this study is designed to determine if the variation in complementary feeding practices poses a risk for the development of obesity later in life. A mixed methods approach will be used in conducting this study. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The target participants are infants born from January to June 2015 in the South East Asia Community Observatory (SEACO) platform...
November 15, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847824/climate-change-is-increasing-the-risk-of-the-reemergence-of-malaria-in-romania
#19
Larisa Ivanescu, Ilie Bodale, Simin-Aysel Florescu, Constantin Roman, Dumitru Acatrinei, Liviu Miron
The climatic modifications lead to global warming; favouring the risk of the appearance and development of diseases are considered until now tropical diseases. Another important factor is the workers' immigration, the economic crisis favouring the passive transmission of new species of culicidae from different areas. Malaria is the disease with the widest distribution in the globe. Millions of people are infected every year in Africa, India, South-East Asia, Middle East, and Central and South America, with more than 41% of the global population under the risk of infestation with malaria...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847257/new-trend-in-the-epidemiology-of-thalassaemia
#20
REVIEW
Chi-Kong Li
Thalassaemia is the most common monogenic disorder worldwide. It is common in areas with prevalent malaria as thalassaemic red cells provide immunity against the parasite. The incidence of thalassaemia carriers is high in regions such as Mediterranean, Middle East, Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia and South China. In the past few decades, migrants from the thalassaemia prevalent countries to non-prevalent countries, mainly North America and Central and North Europe, are rapidly increasing in number. The non-prevalent countries may not have established pre-natal screening system for thalassaemia...
October 26, 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
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