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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545149/persistence-of-lineage-iv-peste-des-petits-ruminants-virus-within-israel-since-1993-an-evolutionary-perspective
#1
Brian Clarke, Mana Mahapatra, Orly Friedgut, Velizar Bumbarov, Satya Parida
Peste-des-petits ruminants (PPR) is one of the most important infectious diseases of domesticated small ruminants. From the initial identification in 1942 in West Africa, PPR virus (PPRV) has spread throughout much of the developing world. PPRV is now considered endemic throughout Africa, with the notable exception of South Africa, the Middle-East and Israel, as well as South-, East-, and Central Asia. Despite this widespread dispersal, the evolution and transmission of PPRV in endemic populations is not well understood...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542277/first-report-of-a-japanese-family-with-spinocerebellar-ataxia-type-10-the-second-report-from-asia-after-a-report-from-china
#2
Hiroyuki Naito, Tetsuya Takahashi, Masaki Kamada, Hiroyuki Morino, Hiroyo Yoshino, Nobutaka Hattori, Hirofumi Maruyama, Hideshi Kawakami, Masayasu Matsumoto
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 10 (SCA10) is an autosomal-dominant cerebellar ataxia that is variably accompanied by epilepsy and other neurological disorders. It is caused by an expansion of the ATTCT pentanucleotide repeat in intron 9 of the ATXN10 gene. Until now, SCA10 was almost exclusively found in the American continents, while no cases had been identified in Japan. Here, we report the first case of an SCA10 family from Japan. The clinical manifestations in our cases were cerebellar ataxia accompanied by epilepsy, hyperreflexia and cognitive impairment...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535779/carriers-of-mitochondrial-dna-macrohaplogroup-r-colonized-eurasia-and-australasia-from-a-southeast-asia-core-area
#3
Jose M Larruga, Patricia Marrero, Khaled K Abu-Amero, Maria V Golubenko, Vicente M Cabrera
BACKGROUND: The colonization of Eurasia and Australasia by African modern humans has been explained, nearly unanimously, as the result of a quick southern coastal dispersal route through the Arabian Peninsula, the Indian subcontinent, and the Indochinese Peninsula, to reach Australia around 50 kya. The phylogeny and phylogeography of the major mitochondrial DNA Eurasian haplogroups M and N have played the main role in giving molecular genetics support to that scenario. However, using the same molecular tools, a northern route across central Asia has been invoked as an alternative that is more conciliatory with the fossil record of East Asia...
May 23, 2017: BMC Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531454/preliminary-validation-of-the-malay-yale-food-addiction-scale-factor-structure-and-item-analysis-in-an-obese-population
#4
Yogarabindranath Swarna Nantha, Norafidza Ashiquin Abd Patah, Mahalakshmi Ponnusamy Pillai
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Researchers suggest that the rise in obesity rates may be explained by the addictive properties of certain types of food. In view of the growing obesity epidemic in South-East Asia, there is a need for a psychometric tool to assess the concept of food addiction amongst high-risk populations. The objective of this study is to translate the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) into the Malay language and subsequently validate its use in an obese population. METHODS: Between the year 2014 and 2015, a total of 250 obese adults were assessed for food addiction utilizing the Malay version of the YFAS at a primary care clinic...
December 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528753/healthcare-access-and-quality-index-based-on-mortality-from-causes-amenable-to-personal-health-care-in-195-countries-and-territories-1990-2015-a-novel-analysis-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#5
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: National levels of personal health-care access and quality can be approximated by measuring mortality rates from causes that should not be fatal in the presence of effective medical care (ie, amenable mortality). Previous analyses of mortality amenable to health care only focused on high-income countries and faced several methodological challenges. In the present analysis, we use the highly standardised cause of death and risk factor estimates generated through the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) to improve and expand the quantification of personal health-care access and quality for 195 countries and territories from 1990 to 2015...
May 18, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528685/igf-i-deficiency-longevity-and-cancer-protection-of-patients-with-laron-syndrome
#6
REVIEW
Zvi Laron, Rivka Kauli, Lena Lapkina, Haim Werner
Laron syndrome (LS) is a unique model of congenital IGF-I deficiency. It is characterized by dwarfism and obesity, and is caused by deletion or mutations of the growth hormone receptor (GH-R) gene. It is hypothesized that LS is an old disease originating in Indonesia and that the mutated gene spread to South Asia, the Middle East, the Mediterranean region and South America.
April 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528075/adopting-the-new-world-health-organization-diagnostic-criteria-for-gestational-diabetes-how-the-prevalence-changes-in-a-high-risk-region-in-australia
#7
Vincent W Wong, Andrew Lin, Hamish Russell
AIMS: In this study, we assessed changes in prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in a region with diverse cultural backgrounds in Australia under the new World Health Organization (WHO) diagnostic criteria, with reference to the woman's ethnicity, age and pre-pregnant body mass index (BMI). METHODS: We recorded results of all 75-gram oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTTs) performed on pregnant women between February and December 2015 together with their demographic details, and determined the prevalence of GDM based on the old Australian Diabetes in Pregnancy Society (ADIPS) and the new WHO criteria respectively...
April 25, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523047/alpha-thalassemia-deletions-found-in-suspected-cases-of-beta-thalassemia-major-in-pakistani-population
#8
Saba Shahid, Muhammad Nadeem, Danish Zahid, Jawad Hassan, Saqib Ansari, Tahir Shamsi
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Alpha (α) thalassemia is a hereditary disorder and is caused by deletions or mutations in globin genes. It is present in two clinically significant forms: hemoglobin Bart hydrops fetalis (Hb Bart) syndrome and hemoglobin H (HbH) disease. It is highly prevalent in South-East Asia or Mediterranean countries. The most common deletion reported in alpha thalassemia in Pakistani population was -α(3.7) with a frequency of 8.3%, and the rare forms were -α(4.2) (0.2%) and ααα(anti3...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505314/diversity-of-mosquitoes-diptera-culicidae-attracted-to-human-subjects-in-rubber-plantations-secondary-forests-and-villages-in-luang-prabang-province-northern-lao-pdr
#9
Julie-Anne A Tangena, Phoutmany Thammavong, Naritsara Malaithong, Thavone Inthavong, Phuthasone Ouanesamon, Paul T Brey, Steve W Lindsay
The impact of the rapid expansion of rubber plantations in South-East Asia on mosquito populations is uncertain. We compared the abundance and diversity of adult mosquitoes using human-baited traps in four typical rural habitats in northern Lao PDR: secondary forests, immature rubber plantations, mature rubber plantations, and villages. Generalized estimating equations were used to explore differences in mosquito abundance between habitats, and Simpson's diversity index was used to measure species diversity...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504058/south-korean-anthropometric-data-and-survey-methodology-size-korea
#10
Jung Yong Kim, Jae Woo You, Mi Sook Kim
Considering the many emerging markets in East Asia, access to contemporary anthropometric data for this region is important for designers and manufacturers seeking to produce the best fitting products and living environments for consumers. The purpose of this paper is to describe Korean anthropometric data collection and survey techniques for those who are interested in ethnic characteristics, conducting surveys, and formulating ergonomic product designs for South Korean and, more broadly, East Asian populations...
May 15, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502036/perceptions-of-painful-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy-in-south-east-asia-results-from-patient-and-physician-surveys
#11
Rayaz A Malik, Emre Aldinc, Siew-Pheng Chan, Chaicharn Deerochanawong, Chii-Min Hwu, Raymond L Rosales, Chun-Yip Yeung, Koichi Fujii, Bruce Parsons
There are no data on physician-patient communication in painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy (pDPN) in the Asia-Pacific region. The objective of this study was to examine patient and physician perceptions of pDPN and clinical practice behaviors in five countries in South-East Asia. Primary care physicians and practitioners, endocrinologists, diabetologists, and patients with pDPN completed separate surveys on pDPN diagnosis, impact, management, and physician-patient interactions in Hong Kong, Malaysia, the Philippines, Taiwan, and Thailand...
May 13, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496012/daytime-behavior-of-pteropus-vampyrus-in-a-natural-habitat-the-driver-of-viral-transmission
#12
Yupadee Hengjan, Didik Pramono, Hitoshi Takemae, Ryosuke Kobayashi, Keisuke Iida, Takeshi Ando, Supratikno Supratikno, Chaerul Basri, Yuli Sulistya Fitriana, Eko M Z Arifin, Yasushige Ohmori, Ken Maeda, Srihadi Agungpriyono, Eiichi Hondo
Flying foxes, the genus Pteropus are considered viral reservoirs. Their colonial nature and long flight capability enhance their ability to spread viruses quickly. To understand how the viral transmission occurs between flying foxes and other animals, we investigated daytime behavior of the large flying fox (Pteropus vampyrus) in the Leuweung Sancang conservation area, Indonesia, by using instantaneous scan sampling and all occurrence focal sampling. The data were obtained from 0700 to 1700 hr, during May 11-25, 2016...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482325/exploratory-metabolomics-of-biomarker-identification-for-the-internet-gaming-disorder-in-young-korean-males
#13
Yeo Ul Cho, Deokjong Lee, Jung-Eun Lee, Kyoung Heon Kim, Do Yup Lee, Young-Chul Jung
The main aim of the current research is to characterize the molecular dynamics related to internet gaming disorder (IGD) using non-targeted plasma metabolite profiling based on gas-chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC-TOF MS). IGD is a psychiatric disorder instigated by excessive and prolonged internet gaming, which shared many pathological symptoms with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The prevalence of the disorder has been rapidly increased particularly in East Asia countries (5...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480478/imia-accreditation-of-biomedical-and-health-informatics-education-current-state-and-future-directions
#14
M W Jaspers, J Mantas, E Borycki, A Hasman
OBJECTIVES: The educational activities initiated by the International Medical Informatics Association (IMIA) have had global impacts and influenced national societies and local academic programs in the field of Biomedical and Health Informatics (BMHI). After the successful publication and dissemination of its educational recommendations, IMIA launched an accreditation procedure for educational programs in BMHI. The accreditation procedure was pilot tested by several BMHI academic programs in different countries and continents to obtain a global perspective...
May 8, 2017: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476725/mobile-phone-surveys-for-collecting-population-level-estimates-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-literature-review
#15
Dustin G Gibson, Amanda Pereira, Brooke A Farrenkopf, Alain B Labrique, George W Pariyo, Adnan A Hyder
BACKGROUND: National and subnational level surveys are important for monitoring disease burden, prioritizing resource allocation, and evaluating public health policies. As mobile phone access and ownership become more common globally, mobile phone surveys (MPSs) offer an opportunity to supplement traditional public health household surveys. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to systematically review the current landscape of MPSs to collect population-level estimates in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs)...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476564/global-mortality-variations-in-patients-with-heart-failure-results-from-the-international-congestive-heart-failure-inter-chf-prospective-cohort-study
#16
Hisham Dokainish, Koon Teo, Jun Zhu, Ambuj Roy, Khalid F AlHabib, Ahmed ElSayed, Lia Palileo-Villaneuva, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Kamilu Karaye, Khalid Yusoff, Andres Orlandini, Karen Sliwa, Charles Mondo, Fernando Lanas, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Amr Badr, Mohamed Elmaghawry, Albertino Damasceno, Kemi Tibazarwa, Emilie Belley-Cote, Kumar Balasubramanian, Shofiqul Islam, Magdi H Yacoub, Mark D Huffman, Karen Harkness, Alex Grinvalds, Robert McKelvie, Shrikant I Bangdiwala, Salim Yusuf
BACKGROUND: Most data on mortality and prognostic factors in patients with heart failure come from North America and Europe, with little information from other regions. Here, in the International Congestive Heart Failure (INTER-CHF) study, we aimed to measure mortality at 1 year in patients with heart failure in Africa, China, India, the Middle East, southeast Asia and South America; we also explored demographic, clinical, and socioeconomic variables associated with mortality. METHODS: We enrolled consecutive patients with heart failure (3695 [66%] clinic outpatients, 2105 [34%] hospital in patients) from 108 centres in six geographical regions...
May 3, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467961/detection-of-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-susceptibility-with-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-analysis-using-next-generation-sequencing-technology
#17
Mu-Yun Wu, Shu-Jing Huang, Fan Yang, Xin-Tian Qin, Dong Liu, Ying Ding, Shu Yang, Xi-Cheng Wang
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a head and neck cancer with high incidence in South China and East Asia. To provide a theoretical basis for NPC risk screening and early prevention, we conducted a meta-analysis of relevant literature on the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP)s with NPC susceptibility. Further, expression of 15 candidate SNPs identified in the meta-analysis was evaluated in a cohort of NPC patients and healthy volunteers using next-generation sequencing technology. Among the 15 SNPs detected in the meta-analysis, miR-146a (rs2910164, C>G), HCG9 (rs3869062, A>G), HCG9 (rs16896923, T>C), MMP2 (rs243865, C>T), GABBR1 (rs2076483, T>C), and TP53 (rs1042522, C>G) were associated with decreased susceptibility to NPC, while GSTM1 (+/DEL), IL-10 (rs1800896, A>G), MDM2 (rs2279744, T>G), MDS1-EVI1 (rs6774494, G>A), XPC (rs2228000, C>T), HLA-F (rs3129055, T>C), SPLUNC1 (rs2752903, T>C; and rs750064, A>G), and GABBR1 (rs29232, G>A) were associated with increased susceptibility to NPC...
April 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463987/the-emergence-of-clostridium-difficile-infection-in-asia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-incidence-and-impact
#18
Nienke Z Borren, Shadi Ghadermarzi, Susan Hutfless, Ashwin N Ananthakrishnan
BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is the most common healthcare associated infection and is highly prevalent in Europe and North America. Limited data is available on the prevalence of CDI in Asia. However, secular increases in prevalence of risk factors for CDI suggest that it may be emerging as a major cause of morbidity, highlighting the urgent need for a systematic study of the prevalence of CDI in Asia. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed/Medline and Embase for publications from Asia between 2000-16 examining prevalence of CDI...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456705/positive-epistasis-of-major-low-cost-drug-resistance-mutations-rpob531-ttg-and-katg315-acc-depends-on-the-phylogenetic-background-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-strains
#19
Qin-Jing Li, Wei-Wei Jiao, Qing-Qin Yin, Ying-Jia Li, Jie-Qiong Li, Fang Xu, Lin Sun, Jing Xiao, Hui Qi, Ting Wang, Igor Mokrousov, Hai-Rong Huang, A-Dong Shen
Mycobacterium tuberculosis Beijing genotype strains increasingly circulate in different world regions, either as historical endemic, e.g. in East Asia, or recently imported, e.g. in South America, and this family is regarded as the most successful lineage of the global tuberculosis (TB) epidemic. Here we analysed the transmission capacity of these strains in the context of their phylogenetic background and drug resistance mutations. The study collection included all multidrug resistant (MDR) strains of Beijing genotype isolated in Beijing Chest Hospital, the largest tertiary TB facility in North China, in 2011-2013 (n = 278)...
June 2017: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449595/pharmaceutical-perspectives-of-spices-and-condiments-as-alternative-antimicrobial-remedy
#20
Savita P D'Souza, Suvarna V Chavannavar, B Kanchanashri, S B Niveditha
Medicinal values of spices and condiments are being revived by biologists through in vitro and in vivo trials providing evidence for its antimicrobial activities. The essential oils and extracts of spices like black pepper, cloves, cinnamon, and nutmeg contain active compounds like piperine, eugenol, cinnamaldehyde, and lignans. Similarly, condiments like coriander, black cumin, turmeric, garlic, and ginger are recognized for constituents like linalool, thymoquinones, curcumin, allicin, and geranial respectively...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
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