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South east asia

Jingqiang Fu, Minghui Shen, Yawei Shen, Wengang Lü, Miaoqin Huang, Xuan Luo, Jinjin Yu, Caihuan Ke, Weiwei You
Ivory shell, Babylonia areolata, is one of the commercially important mariculture species in China and South East Asia. Survival varies in the artificial hatching and larval rearing of B. areolata. Food deprivation may be involved in rearing mortality, and so, a better understanding of how larvae respond and adjust to starvation is needed. In this study, the metabolite profiles of newly hatched larvae with yolk (I), larvae with yolk exhaustion (II), larvae suffering 24 h starvation after yolk exhaustion (III), and larvae fed with exogenous nutrients after yolk exhaustion (IV) were analyzed by LC-MS/MS...
April 20, 2018: Marine Biotechnology
Evgeniya N Solovyeva, Evgeniy N Dunayev, Roman A Nazarov, Mehdi Radjabizadeh, Nikolay A Poyarkov, Jr
The morphological and genetic variation of a wide-ranging Secret Toad-headed agama, Phrynocephalus mystaceus that inhabits sand deserts of south-eastern Europe, Middle East, Middle Asia, and western China is reviewed. Based on the morphological differences and high divergence in COI (mtDNA) gene sequences a new subspecies of Ph. mystaceus is described from Khorasan Razavi Province in Iran. Partial sequences of COI mtDNA gene of 31 specimens of Ph. mystaceus from 17 localities from all major parts of species range were analyzed...
2018: ZooKeys
Karolina M Griffiths, Hélène Savini, Philippe Brouqui, Fabrice Simon, Philippe Parola, Philippe Gautret
Background: With increasing international travel and historically high numbers of residents visiting friends and relatives overseas, travel-associated illnesses are frequent in Marseille, France. We report the changing epidemiology of travel-related illnesses over a 12-year period. Methods: A single site GeoSentinel surveillance analysis was undertaken for 3460 ill returned travellers presenting to two public hospitals in Marseille, France from March 2003 to October 2015, with travel-related illnesses...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Travel Medicine
Goleen Samari, Héctor E Alcalá, Mienah Zulfacar Sharif
BACKGROUND: In 2017, a "Muslim ban" on immigrants to the United States was coupled with a continued rise in Islamophobia and hate crimes toward Muslims. Islamophobia undermines health equity, yet delineating the effects of Islamophobia globally is challenging as it affects a myriad of groups (geographically, racially, and socially). Additionally, stereotypes equate all Muslims with populations from the Middle East and South Asia. To date, health research pays insufficient attention to Islamophobia, Muslims, and those racialized to be Muslim...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
Héctor Bueno, Xavier Rossello, Stuart Pocock, Frans Van de Werf, Chee Tang Chin, Nicolas Danchin, Stephen W-L Lee, Jesús Medina, Ana Vega, Yong Huo
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic variability not explained by patient clinical characteristics is a potential source of avoidable morbidity and mortality. We aimed to explore regional variability in the management and mortality of patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACS). METHODS AND RESULTS: 11,931 NSTE-ACS hospital survivors enrolled in two prospective registries: EPICOR [5625 patients, 555 hospitals, 20 countries in Europe (E) and Latin America (LA), September 2010-March 2011] and EPICOR Asia (6306 patients, 218 hospitals, 8 countries, June 2011-May 2012) were compared among eight pre-defined regions: Northern E (NE), Southern E (SE), Eastern E (EE); Latin America (LA); China (CN), India (IN), South-East Asia (SA), and South Korea, Hong Kong and Singapore (KS)...
April 16, 2018: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
Sher Bahadur Pun, Sumit Agrawal, Santoshananda Jha, Lila Nath Bhandari, Bimal Sharma Chalise, Abadhesh Mishra, Rajesh Shah
Introduction: Lyme disease is a tick-borne illness caused by the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi and is widely reported in the USA, Central Europe, South East Asia and Latin America. Until recently, no scientific report regarding Lyme disease in Nepal had been published. Case presentation: A 32-year-old, previously healthy female visited the hospital with a history of joint pains, fatigue, neck stiffness, tingling sensation and headache. She was initially treated for typhoid fever, brucellosis and malaria, but did not show significant improvement...
March 2018: JMM Case Reports
Patrick Durez, Karel Pavelka, Maria Alicia Lazaro, Abraham Garcia-Kutzbach, Robert J Moots, Howard Amital, Marinella Govoni, Nathan Vastesaeger
GO-MORE (NCT00975130) was a large open-label, multinational, multicenter, prospective phase 3 trial evaluating add-on therapy with golimumab in biologic-naïve patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The objective of this post hoc analysis was to examine regional differences in baseline disease activity and remission rates following golimumab treatment for RA. This was a planned, descriptive post hoc analysis of data from the GO-MORE trial. Baseline disease activity and remission were defined as moderate or severe based on EULAR criteria...
April 2, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
Richard A Betts, Lorenzo Alfieri, Catherine Bradshaw, John Caesar, Luc Feyen, Pierre Friedlingstein, Laila Gohar, Aristeidis Koutroulis, Kirsty Lewis, Catherine Morfopoulos, Lamprini Papadimitriou, Katy J Richardson, Ioannis Tsanis, Klaus Wyser
We projected changes in weather extremes, hydrological impacts and vulnerability to food insecurity at global warming of 1.5°C and 2°C relative to pre-industrial, using a new global atmospheric general circulation model HadGEM3A-GA3.0 driven by patterns of sea-surface temperatures and sea ice from selected members of the 5th Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP5) ensemble, forced with the RCP8.5 concentration scenario. To provide more detailed representations of climate processes and impacts, the spatial resolution was N216 (approx...
May 13, 2018: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
Wiwat Sangpakdee, Alongkoad Tanomtong, Arunrat Chaveerach, Krit Pinthong, Vladimir Trifonov, Kristina Loth, Christiana Hensel, Thomas Liehr, Anja Weise, Xiaobo Fan
Background: The question how evolution and speciation work is one of the major interests of biology. Especially, genetic including karyotypic evolution within primates is of special interest due to the close phylogenetic position of Macaca and Homo sapiens and the role as in vivo models in medical research, neuroscience, behavior, pharmacology, reproduction and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Materials & Methods: Karyotypes of five macaque species from South East Asia and of one macaque species as well as mandrill from Africa were analyzed by high resolution molecular cytogenetics to obtain new insights into karyotypic evolution of old world monkeys...
April 2018: Current Genomics
Pietro Ferrara, Cristina Masuet-Aumatell, Fernando Agüero, Josep Maria Ramon-Torrell
BACKGROUND: Among strategies for malaria prevention, stand-by emergency treatment (SBET) is a possible approach, but scarce evidences exists investigating travellers' adherence and behaviours toward its use; therefore, the presented study aimed to determine travellers' compliance toward the SBET when prescribed in travel clinics. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was performed at the Travel Health Clinic of the Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, Barcelona, Spain, during 2017...
April 2, 2018: Malaria Journal
Shantanu Kumar Pani, Neng-Huei Lin, Somporn Chantara, Sheng-Hsiang Wang, Chanakarn Khamkaew, Tippawan Prapamontol, Serm Janjai
A large concentration of finer particulate matter (PM2.5 ), the primary air-quality concern in northern peninsular Southeast Asia (PSEA), is believed to be closely related to large amounts of biomass burning (BB) particularly in the dry season. In order to quantitatively estimate the contributions of BB to aerosol radiative effects, we thoroughly investigated the physical, chemical, and optical properties of BB aerosols through the integration of ground-based measurements, satellite retrievals, and modelling tools during the Seven South East Asian Studies/Biomass-burning Aerosols & Stratocumulus Environment: Lifecycles & Interactions Experiment (7-SEAS/BASELInE) campaign in 2014...
March 27, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Brittany L Kmush, K Zaman, Md Yunus, Parimalendu Saha, Kenrad E Nelson, Alain B Labrique
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a major cause of acute, viral hepatitis in Southeast Asia. Several studies have suggested that antibody persistence after HEV infection may be transient, possibly increasing the risk of re-infection and contributing to the frequency of outbreaks in HEV endemic regions. The specific conditions under which antibodies to HEV are lost, or "sero-reversion" occurs, are poorly understood. Here, one hundred participants from population-based studies in rural Bangladesh were revisited in 2015, ten years after a documented HEV infection to examine long-term antibody persistence...
March 23, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
Poonam Khetrapal Singh, Phyllida Travis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
Poojan Shrestha, Tamalee Roberts, Anousin Homsana, Tin Ohn Myat, John A Crump, Yoel Lubell, Paul N Newton
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence on the aetiology and management of fevers in Asia, the importance of which has risen with declines in malaria incidence. AIMS: To conduct a narrative review of the epidemiology and management of fevers in South and South-East Asia and to highlight gaps in our knowledge that impair evidence-based health policy decisions. SOURCES: A narrative review of papers published since 2012 of developments in fever epidemiology, diagnosis and treatment in South and South-East Asia...
March 23, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
(no author information available yet)
Background: Change in the prevalence of raised blood pressure could be due to both shifts in the entire distribution of blood pressure (representing the combined effects of public health interventions and secular trends) and changes in its high-blood-pressure tail (representing successful clinical interventions to control blood pressure in the hypertensive population). Our aim was to quantify the contributions of these two phenomena to the worldwide trends in the prevalence of raised blood pressure...
March 19, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
Devanita Ghosh, Punyasloke Bhadury, Joyanto Routh
Elevated levels of arsenic (As) in aquifers of South East Asia have caused diverse health problems affecting millions of people who drink As-rich groundwater and consume various contaminated agriculture products. The biogeochemical cycling and mobilization/immobilization of As from its mineral-bound phase is controlled by pH, oxic/anoxic conditions, and different microbial processes. The increased As flux generated from ongoing biogeochemical processes in the subsurface in turn affects the in situ microbial communities...
March 25, 2018: MicrobiologyOpen
Evgeniya N Solovyeva, Vladimir S Lebedev, Evgeniy A Dunayev, Roman A Nazarov, Anna A Bannikova, Jing Che, Robert W Murphy, Nikolay A Poyarkov
We hypothesize the phylogenetic relationships of the agamid genus Phrynocephalus to assess how past environmental changes shaped the evolutionary and biogeographic history of these lizards and especially the impact of paleogeography and climatic factors. Phrynocephalus is one of the most diverse and taxonomically confusing lizard genera. As a key element of Palearctic deserts, it serves as a promising model for studies of historical biogeography and formation of arid habitats in Eurasia. We used 51 samples representing 33 of 40 recognized species of Phrynocephalus covering all major areas of the genus...
2018: PeerJ
Yanjing Wang, Jinming Lu, G Andrew C Beattie, Md Rashidul Islam, Namgay Om, Hang Thi Dao, Liem Van Nguyen, Syed Muhammad Zaka, Jun Guo, Mingyi Tian, Xiaoling Deng, Shunyun Tan, Paul Holford, Yurong He, Yijing Cen
BACKGROUND: In insects, little is known about the coevolution between their primary endosymbionts and hosts at the intraspecific level, and this study has examined codiversification between the notorious agricultural pest Diaphorina citri and its P-endosymbiont, 'Candidatus Carsonella ruddii' at the population level. RESULTS: Maximum likelihood, haplotype network, principal components and Bayesian clustering identified three lineages for D. citri and its P-endosymbiont: a Western clade containing individuals from Pakistan, Bhutan (Phuentsholing), Vietnam (Son La), USA, Myanmar and China (Ruili, Yunnan); a Central clade, with accessions originating from Southwest China, Bhutan (Tsirang) and Bangladesh; and an Eastern clade containing individuals from Southeast Asian countries, and East and South China...
March 25, 2018: Pest Management Science
Olga Tymejczyk, Ellen Brazier, Constantin Yiannoutsos, Kara Wools-Kaloustian, Keri Althoff, Brenda Crabtree-Ramírez, Kinh Van Nguyen, Elizabeth Zaniewski, Francois Dabis, Jean d'Amour Sinayobye, Nanina Anderegg, Nathan Ford, Radhika Wikramanayake, Denis Nash
BACKGROUND: The effect of antiretroviral treatment (ART) eligibility expansions on patient outcomes, including rates of timely ART initiation among those enrolling in care, has not been assessed on a large scale. In addition, it is not known whether ART eligibility expansions may lead to "crowding out" of sicker patients. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We examined changes in timely ART initiation (within 6 months) at the original site of HIV care enrollment after ART eligibility expansions among 284,740 adult ART-naïve patients at 171 International Epidemiology Databases to Evaluate AIDS (IeDEA) network sites in 22 countries where national policies expanding ART eligibility were introduced between 2007 and 2015...
March 2018: PLoS Medicine
Ahmad Reza Hosseinpoor, Devaki Nambiar, Jihane Tawilah, Anne Schlotheuber, Benedicte Briot, Massee Bateman, Tamzyn Davey, Nunik Kusumawardani, Theingi Myint, Mariet Tetty Nuryetty, Sabarinah Prasetyo, Suparmi, Rustini Floranita
BACKGROUND: Inequalities in health represent a major problem in many countries, including Indonesia. Addressing health inequality is a central component of the Sustainable Development Goals and a priority of the World Health Organization (WHO). WHO provides technical support for health inequality monitoring among its member states. Following a capacity-building workshop in the WHO South-East Asia Region in 2014, Indonesia expressed interest in incorporating health-inequality monitoring into its national health information system...
January 2018: Global Health Action
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