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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454518/use-of-a-new-global-indicator-for-vaccine-safety-surveillance-and-trends-in-adverse-events-following-immunization-reporting-2000-2015
#1
Jiayao Lei, Madhava Ram Balakrishnan, Jane F Gidudu, Patrick L F Zuber
Reporting of adverse events following immunization (AEFI) is a key component for functional vaccine safety monitoring system. The aim of our study is to document trends in the AEFI reporting ratio globally and across the six World Health Organization (WHO) regions. We describe the number of AEFI reports communicated each year through the World Health Organization/United Nations Children's Fund Joint Reporting Form on Immunization from 2000 to 2015. The AEFI reporting ratios (annual AEFI reports per 100,000 surviving infants) were calculated to identify WHO countries (n = 191 in 2000 and n = 194 by 2015) that met a minimal reporting ratio of 10, a target set by the Global Vaccine Action Plan for vaccine safety monitoring as a proxy measure for a functional AEFI reporting system...
February 14, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451368/public-health-response-to-an-imported-case-of-canine-melioidosis
#2
C W Ryan, K Bishop, D D Blaney, S J Britton, F Cantone, C Egan, M G Elrod, C W Frye, A M Maxted, G Perkins
Melioidosis in humans presents variably as fulminant sepsis, pneumonia, skin infection and solid organ abscesses. It is caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei, which in the United States is classified as a select agent, with "potential to pose a severe threat to both human and animal health, to plant health or to animal and plant products" (Federal Select Agent Program, http://www.selectagents.gov/, accessed 22 September 2016). Burkholderia pseudomallei is found in soil and surface water in the tropics, especially South-East Asia and northern Australia, where melioidosis is endemic...
February 16, 2018: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448884/ameliorating-the-in-vivo-antimalarial-efficacy-of-artemether-using-nanostructured-lipid-carriers
#3
Vanka Ravisankar, Gowthamarajan Kuppusamy, Praveen Kumar Simhadri, Uday Krishna Baruah, Veera Venkata Satyanarayana Reddy Karri, Vimal Pandey, Phanithi Prakash Babu
Cerebral malaria (CM) is a fatal neurological complication of Plasmodium falciparum infection that affects children (below five years old) in sub-Saharan Africa and adults in South-East Asia each year having the fatality rate of 10-25%. The survivors of CM also have high risk of long term neurological or cognitive deficits. The objective of the present investigation was to develop optimized nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs) of artemether (ARM) for enhanced anti-malarial efficacy of ARM.NLCs of ARM were prepared by a combination of high speed homogenization (HSH) and probe sonication techniques...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Microencapsulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447813/long-term-outcomes-of-universiti-kebangsaan-malaysia-cochlear-implant-program-among-pediatric-implantees
#4
Bee-See Goh, Noraziana Fadzilah, Asma Abdullah, Basyariatul Fathi Othman, Cila Umat
OBJECTIVES: Cochlear implant (CI) greatly enhances auditory performance as compared to hearing aids and has dramatically affected the educational and communication outcomes for profoundly deaf children. Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) pioneered CI program in 1995 in the South East Asia. We would like to report the long-term outcomes of UKM paediatric cochlear implantation in terms of: the proportion of children who were implanted and still using the device, the children's modes of communication, their educational placements, and their functional auditory/oral performance...
February 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440414/changing-character-of-rainfall-in-eastern-china-1951-2007
#5
Jesse A Day, Inez Fung, Weihan Liu
The topography and continental configuration of East Asia favor the year-round existence of storm tracks that extend thousands of kilometers from China into the northwestern Pacific Ocean, producing zonally elongated patterns of rainfall that we call "frontal rain events." In spring and early summer (known as "Meiyu Season"), frontal rainfall intensifies and shifts northward during a series of stages collectively known as the East Asian summer monsoon. Using a technique called the Frontal Rain Event Detection Algorithm, we create a daily catalog of all frontal rain events in east China during 1951-2007, quantify their attributes, and classify all rainfall on each day as either frontal, resulting from large-scale convergence, or nonfrontal, produced by local buoyancy, topography, or typhoons...
February 12, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438715/perceived-child-eating-behaviours-and-maternal-migrant-background
#6
Maria Somaraki, Karin Eli, Kimmo Sorjonen, Carl-Erik Flodmark, Claude Marcus, Myles S Faith, Christine Persson Osowski, Anna Ek, Paulina Nowicka
The Child Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (CEBQ) is a well-established instrument in the study of obesity-related eating behaviours among children. However, research using the CEBQ in multicultural samples is limited. This study aims to identify and examine differences in child eating behaviours as reported by Swedish-born and non-Swedish-born mothers living in Sweden. Mothers (n = 1310, 74 countries of origin, mean age 36.5 years, 63.6% with higher education, 29.2% with overweight or obesity) of five-year-olds (mean age 4...
February 10, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435239/rule-reversal-ecogeographical-patterns-of-body-size-variation-in-the-common-treeshrew-mammalia-scandentia
#7
Eric J Sargis, Virginie Millien, Neal Woodman, Link E Olson
There are a number of ecogeographical "rules" that describe patterns of geographical variation among organisms. The island rule predicts that populations of larger mammals on islands evolve smaller mean body size than their mainland counterparts, whereas smaller-bodied mammals evolve larger size. Bergmann's rule predicts that populations of a species in colder climates (generally at higher latitudes) have larger mean body sizes than conspecifics in warmer climates (at lower latitudes). These two rules are rarely tested together and neither has been rigorously tested in treeshrews, a clade of small-bodied mammals in their own order (Scandentia) broadly distributed in mainland Southeast Asia and on islands throughout much of the Sunda Shelf...
February 2018: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434329/mountain-rock-glaciers-contain-globally-significant-water-stores
#8
D B Jones, S Harrison, K Anderson, R A Betts
Glacier- and snowpack-derived meltwaters are threatened by climate change. Features such as rock glaciers (RGs) are climatically more resilient than glaciers and potentially contain hydrologically valuable ice volumes. However, while the distribution and hydrological significance of glaciers is well studied, RGs have received comparatively little attention. Here, we present the first near-global RG database (RGDB) through an analysis of current inventories and this contains >73,000 RGs. Using the RGDB, we identify key data-deficient regions as research priorities (e...
February 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433683/phytochemical-profile-of-orthosiphon-aristatus-extracts-after-storage-rosmarinic-acid-and-other-caffeic-acid-derivatives
#9
Lee Suan Chua, Cher Haan Lau, Chee Yung Chew, Nurul Izzati Mohd Ismail, Nitnipa Soontorngun
BACKGROUND: Orthosiphon aristatus (Blume) Miq. is a medicinal herb which is traditionally used for the treatment of diabetes and kidney diseases in South East Asia. Previous studies reported higher concentration of antioxidative phytochemicals, especially rosmarinic acid (ester of caffeic acid) and other caffeic acid derivatives in this plant extract than the other herbs such as rosemary and sage which are usually used as raw materials to produce rosmarinic acid supplement in the market...
January 15, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432423/estimation-of-the-number-of-women-of-reproductive-age-in-need-of-preventive-chemotherapy-for-soil-transmitted-helminth-infections
#10
Denise Mupfasoni, Alexei Mikhailov, Pamela Mbabazi, Jonathan King, Theresa W Gyorkos, Antonio Montresor
BACKGROUND: Soil-transmitted helminth infections are among the most common infections in developing countries. Globally, as many as 2 billion people are considered to be at risk for soil-transmitted-helminth (STH) infections. Preschool children (PSAC), school-age children (SAC) and women of reproductive age (WRA) are at high risk of STH-attributable morbidity and preventive chemotherapy (PC) for STH is recommended by the World health Organization (WHO). METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Over the last five years, PC coverage in PSAC and SAC has gradually increased, while coverage in WRA has lagged...
February 12, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422231/health-professional-patient-communication-practices-in-east-asia-an-integrative-review-of-an-emerging-field-of-research-and-practice-in-hong-kong-south-korea-japan-taiwan-and-mainland-china
#11
REVIEW
Jack K H Pun, E Angela Chan, Sophie Wang, Diana Slade
OBJECTIVE: To provide an integrative review of literature on health communication in East Asia and detail culturally-specific influences. METHODS: Using PRISMA model, search of PubMed, PsychInfo, Web of Knowledge, ERIC and CINAHL databases were conducted for studies between January 2000 and March 2017, using the terms 'clinician/health professional-patient', 'nurse/doctor-patient, 'communication' and 'Asia'. RESULTS: 38 studies were included: Mainland China, Hong Kong, Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan...
January 31, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422033/a-case-report-of-tubo-ovarian-abscess-caused-by-burkholderia-pseudomallei
#12
Pattaranit Nernsai, Areepan Sophonsritsuk, Srithean Lertvikool, Artit Jinawath, Maria Nina Chitasombat
BACKGROUND: Melioidosis, the disease caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei is endemic in the Northeastern part of Thailand, South-East Asia, and Northern Australia. The pelvic involvement of disease is rare even in an endemic area. Therefore, we describe in this report the clinical presentation, management, and outcome of the patient with primary tubo-ovarian abscess due to melioidosis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 31-year-old Thai cassava farmer woman presented with fever and abdominal pain at left lower quadrant for one month...
February 8, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420245/imported-gnathostomiasis-manifesting-as-cutaneous-larva-migrans-and-l%C3%A3-ffler-s-syndrome
#13
William L Hamilton, Daniel Agranoff
Here, we report an unusual case of invasive gnathostomiasis in a returning traveller, with a shifting pattern of relapsing cutaneous disease. The previously fit and well 32-year-old man first presented with serpiginous, pruriginous erythematous tracks characteristic of cutaneous larva migrans shortly after returning from South-East Asia. He was systemically well with no other symptoms. After ivermectin therapy, he re-presented with respiratory symptoms, peripheral eosinophilia and transient pulmonary infiltrates; the classic triad of Löffler's syndrome associated with invasive helminth infection...
February 2, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404438/a-global-perspective-on-hepatitis-b-related-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-and-evolution-during-human-migration
#14
Dar-In Tai, Wen-Juei Jeng, Chun-Yen Lin
Genome-wide association studies have indicated that human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DP and HLA-DQ play roles in persistent hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in Asia. To understand the evolution of HBV-related single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and to correlate these SNPs with chronic HBV infection among different populations, we conducted a global perspective study on hepatitis-related SNPs. We selected 12 HBV-related SNPs on the HLA locus and two HBV and three hepatitis C virus immune-related SNPs for analysis...
December 2017: Hepatology Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402642/-study-about-the-prevalence-of-the-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-syndrome-in-vietnam
#15
S Duong-Quy, K Dang Thi Mai, N Tran Van, H Nguyen Xuan Bich, T Hua-Huy, F Chalumeau, A T Dinh-Xuan, F Soyez, F Martin
INTRODUCTION: Epidemiological studies on obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) in Asia, South East Asia in particular, are few. The EPSASIE study aimed to determine the prevalence of OSAS in an adult Vietnamese population and to describe its characteristics. METHODS: This is a prospective, observational, multicenter study. Nocturnal ventilatory polygraphy (PV) or polysomnography (PSG) were performed in patients having symptoms evocative of the SAS syndrome and an index of respiratory events (IER)>10/h or>25 in one hour, measured by RU Sleeping...
February 2, 2018: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399579/epidemiology-of-severe-fever-and-thrombocytopenia-syndrome-virus-infection-and-the-need-for-therapeutics-for-the-prevention
#16
REVIEW
Norbert John C Robles, Hae Jung Han, Su-Jin Park, Young Ki Choi
Over the past ten years there has been a marked increase in cases of severe fever and thrombocytopenia syndrome in East Asia. This tick-borne hemorrhagic fever presents along with clinical signs including high fever and leukopenia. In addition to humans, the virus has also been detected with shared genetic homology in farm animals including goats, cattle, horses, and pigs. Furthermore, several genotypes of severe fever and thrombocytopenia syndrome virus (SFTSV) are currently co-circulating between humans and animals...
January 2018: Clinical and Experimental Vaccine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396982/use-of-social-media-and-an-online-survey-to-discuss-complex-reconstructive-surgery-a-case-of-upper-lip-reconstruction-with-402-responses-from-international-microsurgeons
#17
Soo-Ha Kwon, Che-Hsiung Lee, Angela Ting-Wei Hsu, Mark Shafarenko, Usama Farghaly Omar, Chieh-Han John Tzou, Julia Roka-Palkovits, Aldo G Beltrán P, Dimitri Liakos, Tommy Nai-Jen Chang
BACKGROUND: The best reconstructive strategy for upper lip defects is still in debate. The purpose of this study was to analyze the decisions made by international microsurgeons, who were participated through online questionnaire, distributed by email and social media network. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A case of a two-thirds upper lip oncologic defect was presented via an online questionnaire and 402 microsurgeons replied their treatment options. The data were then analyzed according to the geographic area, microsurgical fellowship, seniority, and subspecialty...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394524/epidemiology-treatment-disposition-and-outcome-of-patients-with-acute-exacerbation-of-copd-presenting-to-emergency-departments-in-australia-and-south-east-asia-an-aanzdem-study
#18
Anne Maree Kelly, Anna Holdgate, Gerben Keijzers, Sharon Klim, Colin A Graham, Simon Craig, Win Sen Kuan, Peter Jones, Charles Lawoko, Said Laribi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) is a common presentation to emergency departments (ED) but data regarding its epidemiology and outcomes are scarce. We describe the epidemiology, clinical features, treatment and outcome of patients treated for AECOPD in ED. METHODS: This was a planned sub-study of patients with an ED diagnosis of AECOPD identified in the Asia, Australia and New Zealand Dyspnoea in Emergency Departments (AANZDEM) study...
February 2, 2018: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389981/a-high-hiv-1-strain-variability-in-london-uk-revealed-by-full-genome-analysis-results-from-the-iconic-project
#19
Gonzalo Yebra, Dan Frampton, Tiziano Gallo Cassarino, Jade Raffle, Jonathan Hubb, R Bridget Ferns, Laura Waters, C Y William Tong, Zisis Kozlakidis, Andrew Hayward, Paul Kellam, Deenan Pillay, Duncan Clark, Eleni Nastouli, Andrew J Leigh Brown
BACKGROUND & METHODS: The ICONIC project has developed an automated high-throughput pipeline to generate HIV nearly full-length genomes (NFLG, i.e. from gag to nef) from next-generation sequencing (NGS) data. The pipeline was applied to 420 HIV samples collected at University College London Hospitals NHS Trust and Barts Health NHS Trust (London) and sequenced using an Illumina MiSeq at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute (Cambridge). Consensus genomes were generated and subtyped using COMET, and unique recombinants were studied with jpHMM and SimPlot...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386064/the-growth-and-evolution-of-cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance-a-20-year-history-of-the-society-for-cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance-scmr-annual-scientific-sessions
#20
REVIEW
Daniel C Lee, Michael Markl, Erica Dall'Armellina, Yuchi Han, Sebastian Kozerke, Titus Kuehne, Sonia Nielles-Vallespin, Daniel Messroghli, Amit Patel, Tobias Schaeffter, Orlando Simonetti, Anne Marie Valente, Jonathan W Weinsaft, Graham Wright, Stefan Zimmerman, Jeanette Schulz-Menger
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this work is to summarize cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) research trends and highlights presented at the annual Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (SCMR) scientific sessions over the past 20 years. METHODS: Scientific programs from all SCMR Annual Scientific Sessions from 1998 to 2017 were obtained. SCMR Headquarters also provided data for the number and the country of origin of attendees and the number of accepted abstracts according to type...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
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