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South east asia

Luna Chang, Shu-Chuan Chen, Shu-Ling Hung
Based on 2015 annual report of foreign spouse populations were above 507,266 people in Taiwan. Most of them (68%) came from Mainland China, 29% from south-east Asia. 92% of foreign spouses were female (2015). Therefore, a challenge arises for nursing students to provide care to clients with multiple cultural variations in Taiwan. The study objectives were to explore the related factors of cultural care competence and estimate the effects of a short-term reinforced cultural course. The study used a quasi-experimental design...
May 19, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
P Olias, I Dettwiler, A Hemphill, P Deplazes, A Steiner, M Meylan
Diarrhea in calves is one of the most important cattle diseases in Switzerland. The diagnosis and treatment of calf diarrhea represent a major challenge. Single-celled Cryptosporidium parasites are the most prevalent causative agents of calf diarrhea besides rotavirus in the first weeks of life, and are responsible for about 50% of diarrheal cases. Cryptosporidium parvum has been described as a cause of diarrhea in one to three weeks old calves since the 1970s. Oral ingestion of persistent environmental oocysts results in severe diarrhea lasting four to six days and shedding of large numbers of infectious oocysts...
June 2018: Schweizer Archiv Für Tierheilkunde
Paolo Vineis, Daniela Fecht
The proportion of total deaths attributable to environmental factors is estimated to be 23% of global deaths and 22% of global disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) according to one review. These estimates encompass all environmental agents including infectious agents but excluding behavioural factors. The authors of the review also estimated that 16% (95% CI: 7-41%) of cancer deaths are attributable to environmental risk factors (and 36% [95% CI: 17-52%] for lung cancer). In this article, we focus on the reasons why epidemiology is often unable to account for the whole burden of environmental carcinogens...
June 11, 2018: European Journal of Cancer
Khanh Le Nguyen Bao, Sandjaja Sandjaja, Bee Koon Poh, Nipa Rojroongwasinkul, Chinh Nguyen Huu, Edith Sumedi, Jamil Nor Aini, Sayamon Senaprom, Paul Deurenberg, Marjolijn Bragt, Ilse Khouw
Despite a major decrease in undernutrition worldwide over the last 25 years, underweight and stunting in children still persist as public health issues especially in Africa and Asia. Adequate nutrition is one of the key factors for healthy growth and development of children. In this study, the associations between dairy consumption and nutritional status in the South East Asian Nutrition Survey (SEANUTS) were investigated. National representative data of 12,376 children in Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and Vietnam aged between 1 and 12 years were pooled, representing nearly 88 million children in this age category...
June 13, 2018: Nutrients
Paul M Oliver, Mozes P K Blom, Harold G Cogger, Robert N Fisher, Jonathan Q Richmond, John C Z Woinarski
Striking faunal turnover across Asia and Australasia, most famously along the eastern edge of the Sunda Shelf or 'Wallace's Line', has been a focus of biogeographic research for over 150 years. Here, we investigate the origins of a highly threatened endemic lizard fauna (four species) on Christmas Island. Despite occurring less 350 km south of the Sunda Shelf, this fauna mostly comprises species from clades centred on the more distant regions of Wallacea, the Pacific and Australia (more than 1000 km east). The three most divergent lineages show Miocene (approx...
June 2018: Biology Letters
Kimiyo Kikuchi, Junko Yasuoka, Keiko Nanishi, Ashir Ahmed, Yasunobu Nohara, Mariko Nishikitani, Fumihiko Yokota, Tetsuya Mizutani, Naoki Nakashima
In South-East Asia, the maternal and child mortality rate has declined over the past decades; however, it varies among and within the countries in the region, including Cambodia. The continuum of care is an integrated series of care that women and children are required to avail continuously from pregnancy to the child/motherhood period. This study aimed to assess the completion rate of the continuum of care and examine the factors associated with the continuum of care in Ratanakiri, Cambodia. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Ratanakiri...
2018: PloS One
Aline de Souza, Débora Soares Souza Marins, Samir Leite Mathias, Lis Marie Monteiro, Megumi Nishitani Yukuyama, Cauê Benito Scarim, Raimar Löbenberg, Nádia Araci Bou-Chacra
Leishmaniases are infectious diseases caused by an intracellular protozoan in humans by 20 different species of Leishmania among more than 53 species. There are at least twelve million cases of infections worldwide and three hundred and fifty million people are at risk in at least 98 developing countries in Africa, South-East Asia, and the Americas. Only Brazil presented high burden for both visceral leishmaniasis (VL) and cutaneous (CL). Chemotherapy is the main means of dealing with this infection. Nevertheless, only a few effective drugs are available, and each has a particular disadvantage; toxicity and long-term regimens compromise most chemotherapeutic options, which decreases patient compliance and adherence to the treatment and consequently the emergence of drug-resistant strains...
June 7, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
YoonJee Hong, Kyung Seok Kim, Junpei Kimura, Kaarina Kauhala, Inna Voloshina, Mikhail S Goncharuk, Li Yu, Ya-Ping Zhang, Mariko Sashika, Hang Lee, Mi-Sook Min
The raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides) is endemic to East Asia but has been introduced in Europe. Its high adaptability enabled its rapid colonization of European countries, where population growth has been raising concerns regarding ecosystem disturbance and the spread of zoonotic diseases. The genetic diversity and structure of endemic, source, and introduced populations from seven locations across South Korea, China, Russian Far East, Finland (spread to Finland after introduction to European part of Russia from Russian Far East), Vietnam, and Japan (Honshu and Hokkaido) were examined based on 16 microsatellite loci...
June 2018: Zoological Science
Waleed M Sweileh, Samah W Al-Jabi, Sa'ed H Zyoud, Ansam F Sawalha
Background: Outdoor air pollution is a major threat to global public health that needs responsible participation of researchers at all levels. Assessing research output is an important step in highlighting national and international contribution and collaboration in a certain field. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze globally-published literature in outdoor air pollution - related respiratory health. Method: Outdoor air pollution documents related to respiratory health were retrieved from Scopus database...
2018: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
Ha Ly Thi Thanh, Huong Le Thi Thanh, Long Hoang Luong, Thinh Huy Tran, Su-Ching Liu, Hai Nam Truong, Thanh Van Ta, The-Hung Bui, Van Khanh Tran
OBJECTIVE: The thalassemias is a group of hereditary disorders with impaired production of functional hemoglobin. In this report we described a rare case of compound heterozygous mutation of South-East Asia type hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin (SEA-HPFH) and β -thalassemia that allowed prenatal diagnosis to be performed in a subsequent pregnancy in the family. CASE REPORT: The father showed a SEA-HPFH thalassemia trait phenotype, while his genotype revealed that he was heterozygous for the SEA-HPFH deletion; The mother genotype was heterozygote for IVS-II-654 mutation; the second child had co-inherited both parental mutations and was, thus, a compound heterozygote for β-thalassemia (IVS-II-654)/SEA-HPFH deletion...
June 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Zhor Ouzzif, Aissam El Maataoui, Nadia Oukhedda, Nezha Messaoudi, Mohamed Mikdam, Mohamed Abdellatifi, Kamal Doghmi
BACKGROUND: - Hemoglobin C is a hemoglobin variant encountered worldwide. The regionswith high prevalence are West Africa and South-East Asia.The objective of this study is to report cases of hemoglobin C disease brought together during these last twelve years in the Laboratory of Biochemistry and Toxicology of RabatMilitary Hospital Mohammed V (MHIMV). METHODS: - This was a retrospective study including111 cases of hemoglobin C disease collected in the Laboratory of Biochemistry of the MHIMVover the past 12 years...
December 2017: La Tunisie Médicale
Luca Corrieri, Marco Adda, Ádám Miklósi, Enikő Kubinyi
Dogs living on Bali Island have been free-ranging for thousands of years. A large group of expatriates sometimes adopt Bali dogs and keep them restricted to their houses and backyards, as is typical in modern western cultures. This provides us with the unique opportunity to compare the personality traits of dogs to their lifestyle either living as human companions or as free-ranging animals, exploring at the same time the impact of demographic variables (such as age, sex, and neutered status) on personality...
2018: PloS One
Ling Qin, Dayan Wang, Dongfu Li, Yan Zhao, Yanchun Peng, Dannielle Wellington, Yanchao Dai, Huanqin Sun, Jinping Sun, Guihai Liu, Andrew McMichael, Tao Dong, Yonghong Zhang
Background: The C allele of the interferon-induced transmembrane protein-3 ( IFITM3 ) SNP rs12252, a common allele in South East Asia and China, is strongly associated with severe influenza infection. However, despite the high occurrence of rs12252-CC genotype in Chinese population (~25%), severe influenza infection is rare. The aim of study is to determine whether rs12252-CC individuals have pre-existing antibody responses to previous seasonal influenza infections. Cohort and Method: A total 99 young healthy volunteers (18-20 years) were recruited and received an influenza seasonal Vaccination [A/Switzerland/9715293/2013(H3N2), A/California/7/2009 (pdm09H1N1) and B/Jeep/3073/2013-like virus (Flu-B)]...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
Xiaoyan Yue, Xiaoyan Zheng, Yu Zong, Shuang Jiang, Chunyun Hu, Peiyuan Yu, Guoqin Liu, Yufen Cao, Hongju Hu, Yuanwen Teng
Asian pear plays an important role in the world pear industry, accounting for over 70% of world total production volume. Commercial Asian pear production relies on four major pear cultivar groups, Japanese pear (JP), Chinese white pear (CWP), Chinese sand pear (CSP), and Ussurian pear (UP), but their origins remain controversial. We estimated the genetic diversity levels and structures in a large sample of existing local cultivars to investigate the origins of Asian pears using twenty-five genome-covering nuclear microsatellite (simple sequence repeats, nSSR) markers and two non-coding chloroplast DNA (cpDNA) regions ( trn L- trn F and acc D- psa I)...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Eric J Engstrom, Ivan Crozier
This article examines Emil Kraepelin's notion of comparative psychiatry and relates it to the clinical research he conducted at psychiatric hospitals in South-East Asia (1904) and the USA (1925). It argues that his research fits awkwardly within the common historiographic narratives of colonial psychiatry. It also disputes claims that his work can be interpreted meaningfully as the fons et origio of transcultural psychiatry. Instead, it argues that his comparative psychiatry was part of a larger neo-Lamarckian project of clinical epidemiology and was thus primarily a reflection of his own long-standing diagnostic practices and research agendas...
April 1, 2018: History of Psychiatry
Sudhir Khanal, Sunil Bahl, Mohammad Sharifuzzaman, Deepak Dhongde, Sirima Pattamadilok, Susan Reef, Michelle Morales, Alya Dabbagh, Katrina Kretsinger, Minal Patel
In 2013, the 66th session of the Regional Committee of the World Health Organization (WHO) South-East Asia Region (SEAR)* adopted the goal of elimination of measles and control† of rubella and congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) by 2020 (1). Rubella is the leading vaccine-preventable cause of birth defects. Although rubella typically causes a mild fever and rash in children and adults, rubella virus infection during pregnancy, especially during the first trimester, can result in miscarriage, fetal death, or a constellation of congenital malformations known as CRS, commonly including visual, auditory, and/or cardiac defects, and developmental delay (2)...
June 1, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
S Chokkanathan
The current study attempts to identify the prevalence rate of and risk factors associated with elder mistreatment in Singapore, a multi-ethnic nation in South-East Asia. Information on elder mistreatment was collected from 400 non-randomly selected cognitively intact older adults in a residential area of Singapore. Items on mistreatment were adopted from the Hwalek-Sengstock Elder Abuse Screening Test and the Vulnerability to Abuse Screening Scale. Standardized scales on activities of daily living, loneliness, and items on violence between family members were administered...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Jean-Lou Justine, Leigh Winsor, Delphine Gey, Pierre Gros, Jessica Thévenot
Background: Species of the genera Bipalium and Diversibipalium , or bipaliines, are giants among land planarians (family Geoplanidae), reaching length of 1 m; they are also easily distinguished from other land flatworms by the characteristic hammer shape of their head. Bipaliines, which have their origin in warm parts of Asia, are invasive species, now widespread worldwide. However, the scientific literature is very scarce about the widespread repartition of these species, and their invasion in European countries has not been studied...
2018: PeerJ
Shelly Goomber, Neelima Mishra, Anup Anvikar, ChanderPrakash Yadav, Neena Valecha
PfMDR1 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) are good correlate markers for antimalarial drug resistance worldwide. Present study is a comprehensive view of screening of PfMDR1 polymorphism to antimalarials practiced with geography and time. Study sites Mizoram, Tripura, Meghalaya chosen are at multivariate drug pressure due to cross border migration and transmission. Mizoram is gateway to south east Asia through Myanmar whereas Tripura, Meghalaya share porous border with Bangladesh. Baseline finger pricked blood stained filter paper for confirmed uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum infected patients (year 2015) were obtained from National Institute of Malaria Research, New Delhi, India...
May 26, 2018: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
Christiane Prosser, Wieland Meyer, John Ellis, Rogan Lee
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization currently recommends artemisinin (along with a partner drug) as the global frontline treatment for Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Artemisinin resistant P. falciparum are now found throughout the greater Mekong subregion of South East Asia. Several polymorphisms in the parasite's kelch gene have been demonstrated to confer artemisinin resistance. While genotypes within the greater Mekong subregion are thoroughly examined in the literature, P. falciparum populations within several areas that do not (yet) have endemic resistance are underrepresented...
2018: PloS One
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