Read by QxMD icon Read

South east asia

Kenneth Eng Ling Kwan, Vishalkumar G Shelat, Cher Heng Tan
Recurrent pyogenic cholangitis (RPC) is an infective process involving the biliary tree typified by pigmented intraductal calculi with dilatation of the intra- and extrahepatic biliary tree. Previously endemic to South-east Asia, RPC can now be seen in Western countries with the increasing access to international travel and immigration. Affected patients are often plagued by recurrent bouts of cholangitis, and commonly suffer from complications such as abscess formation and biliary strictures. In severe cases, cirrhosis with portal hypertension may develop...
October 21, 2016: Abdominal Radiology
Yasutaka Mizuno, Yuri Miura, Tetsuo Yamaguchi, Tetsuya Matsumoto
BACKGROUND: International travel is considered a risk for colonisation with extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-PE). To our knowledge, no studies to date have focused on ESBL-PE colonisation among long-termbusiness travellers. Therefore this study aimed to clarify the characteristics associated with ESBL-PE colonisation in Japanese long-term business travellers. METHODS: Japanese business travellers planning to stay abroad for ≥ 6 months were enrolled...
October 18, 2016: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
Alfred Amambua-Ngwa, Bakary Danso, Archibald Worwui, Sukai Ceesay, Nwakanma Davies, David Jeffries, Umberto D'Alessandro, David Conway
BACKGROUND: Previous genome-wide analyses of single nucleotide variation in Plasmodium falciparum identified evidence of an extended haplotype region on chromosome 6 in West Africa, suggesting recent positive selection. Such a pattern is not seen in samples from East Africa or South East Asia, so it could be marking a selective process specific to West Africa. Analyses of the haplotype structure in samples taken at different times could give clues to possible causes of selection. METHODS: This study investigates chromosome 6 extended haplotypes in The Gambia by analysing alleles at multiple microsatellite loci using genome sequence data previously obtained from clinical isolates collected in 2008, followed by genotyping of 13 loci in 439 isolates from 1984, 1991, 2008 and 2014...
October 21, 2016: Malaria Journal
Ahmed Al-Imam, Rita Santacroce, Andres Roman-Urrestarazu, Robert Chilcott, Giuseppe Bersani, Giovanni Martinotti, Ornella Corazza
BACKGROUND: Fenetheylline, a psychostimulant drug, often branded as Captagon, is a combination of amphetamine and theophylline. Since the cessation of its legal production in 1986, counterfeited products have been produced illicitly in south-east Europe and far-east Asia. Its profitable trade has been linked to terrorist organizations, including Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. This study aims to reach up-to-date data, concerning the Captagon e-commerce and use in the Middle East...
October 21, 2016: Human Psychopharmacology
Benjamin B Massenburg, Hillary E Jenny, Saurabh Saluja, John G Meara, Mark G Shrime, Nivaldo Alonso
BACKGROUND: Cleft lip and/or palate (CLP) is estimated to occur in 1 out of every 700 births, but for many people residing in low- and middle-income countries this deformity may be repaired late in life or not at all. This study aims to analyze worldwide provider-perceived barriers to the surgical repair of CLP in low- and middle-income countries. METHODS: From 2011 to 2014, Smile Train distributed a multiple-choice, voluntary survey to healthcare providers to identify areas of need in CLP care worldwide...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
L Olmo, K Ashley, J R Young, S Suon, P C Thomson, P A Windsor, R D Bush
This study aimed to identify factors associated with cattle reproductive output in rural smallholder farms in Cambodia in order to determine the main causes of reproductive failure and design efficient interventions for improvement. The majority of the nation's beef is produced on smallholder farms where productivity is constrained by poor animal reproductivity reflected in the recent livestock population decline of approximately 13 % from 2009 to 2013. Farmers (n = 240) from 16 villages from five provinces were surveyed in mid-2015 to determine their baseline knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) associated with cattle reproduction...
October 19, 2016: Tropical Animal Health and Production
Louis Grue, Sophia Siddiqui, Direk Limmathurotsakul, Armaji Kamaludi, Muhammad Karyana, Chuen-Yen Lau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Yook Chin Chia
: Hypertension is the leading cause of mortality worldwide. It is highly prevalent throughout the world. Even in regions liike South-East Asia (SEA) which has been perceived to be less prone to cardiovascular diseases, the prevalence of hypertension has been reported to be around 35% (1). Awareness and control of hypertension in SEA is also low, both being less than 50% each (2).Control of hypertension is an interplay between patients, doctors and system factors. One of the reasons for poor control of hypertension is resistant hypertension...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Rafael Castillo
: Similar to the trend worldwide, hypertension (HTN) is also the single most attributable cause for mortality in South-East Asia (SEA). But while in developed regions, the prevalence of HTN appears to be stabilizing or decreasing, the rates in SEA continue to rise. Around a third of the adult population in SEA have elevated blood pressure (BP) with nearly 1.5 million deaths (9.4% of total deaths) attributable to HTN annually.In several countries in SEA, awareness level of HTN is less than 50% but in the more affluent countries in the region, awareness ranges from 56% to 70%...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Benny O Manin, Heather M Ferguson, Indra Vythilingam, Kim Fornace, Timothy William, Steve J Torr, Chris Drakeley, Tock H Chua
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the primate malaria Plasmodium knowlesi has emerged in human populations throughout South East Asia, with the largest hotspot being in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo. Control efforts are hindered by limited knowledge of where and when people get exposed to mosquito vectors. It is assumed that exposure occurs primarily when people are working in forest areas, but the role of other potential exposure routes (including domestic or peri-domestic transmission) has not been thoroughly investigated...
October 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Christopher Pell, Pascale Allotey, Natalie Evans, Anita Hardon, Johanna D Imelda, Ireneous Soyiri, Daniel D Reidpath
BACKGROUND: Malaysians have become increasingly obese over recent years. The transition from adolescence to early adulthood is recognized as critical for the development of eating and activity habits. However, little obesity-related research focuses on this life stage. Drawing on data from a health and demographic surveillance site in Malaysia, this article describes obesity and overweight amongst adolescents and young adults in a multi-ethnic population. METHODS: Data were collected at the South East Asia Community Observatory (SEACO) in Segamat District, Johor...
October 13, 2016: BMC Public Health
M T Farrant, J A Rowan, T Cundy
We report two cases of fulminant type 1 diabetes in previously well migrants from South East Asia. This entity, which is rare outside East or South-East Asia, has a high perinatal mortality. The clinical presentation differs markedly from that of typical newly recognised type 1 diabetes in pregnancy. In both our cases, the neonates required intensive care but survived.
October 2016: Internal Medicine Journal
Peter M Waziri, Rasedee Abdullah, Swee Keong Yeap, Abdul Rahman Omar, Ahmad Bustamam Abdul, Nur Kartinee Kassim, Ibrahim Malami, Thiruventhan Karunakaran, Mustapha Umar Imam
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Clausena excavata Burm.f. is used locally in folk medicine for the treatment of cancer in South East Asia. AIM OF THE STUDY: To determine the mechanism action of pure clausenidin crystals in the induction hepatocellular carcinoma (hepG2) cells apoptosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pure clausenidin was isolated from Clausena excavata Burm.f. and characterized using (1)H and (13)C NMR spectra. Clausenidin-induced cytotoxicity was determined by MTT assay...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Y Krishnamohan Reddy, K Brindha, P I Ganesan, K Srinivas, G S Reddy, P Minakshi
Tamil Nadu is located in the South-Eastern part of Indian peninsula, between 8.087° and 13.09°N and 76.50° and 80.27°E. Bluetongue (BT) was first reported in this region in sheep during 1982 with regular occurrence thereafter. In 1989-1990, 1997-1998 and 2005-2006, there was wide spread occurrence of BT resulting in huge mortality of sheep. The present study had the goal of isolating the BTV from outbreaks in sheep occurred in Tamil Naadu between 2003-2011 and comparing the VP2 gene sequences of the BTV isolates involved in such outbreaks...
September 30, 2016: Veterinaria Italiana
Elizabeth Fee, Marcu Cueto, Theodore M Brown
The World Health Organization's (WHO's) leadership challenges can be traced to its first decades of existence. Central to its governance and practice is regionalization: the division of its member countries into regions, each representing 1 geographical or cultural area. The particular composition of each region has varied over time-reflecting political divisions and especially decolonization. Currently, the 194 member countries belong to 6 regions: the Americas (35 countries), Europe (53 countries), the Eastern Mediterranean (21 countries), South-East Asia (11 countries), the Western Pacific (27 countries), and Africa (47 countries)...
November 2016: American Journal of Public Health
H-G Bae, J An, J Jun, S-M Kweon, S Kim, J-N Yu, B-J Kim, H Sakai, Y J Lee, H Y Suk
Odontobutis obscura is a bottom-dwelling freshwater fish native to East Asia. Its range encompasses southwest China, western Japan, and Geoje Island in South Korea. Despite its widespread range in China and Japan, only a small and spatially isolated population is found in South Korea. We developed a total of 23 novel and polymorphic microsatellite loci of O. obscura using Illumina paired-end shotgun sequencing and characterized them using 80 Japanese and Korean samples. An extensive genetic polymorphism was detected at these 23 loci, with the observed number of alleles at a locus ranging from 2 to 15 and expected and observed heterozygosities ranging from 0 to 0...
August 26, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Eunju Lee, Marianne E Krasny
This study investigated the indicators of adaptive capacity along with disturbances in community forest management systems in the East Asian countries, China, Japan and South Korea. Although these countries have centuries-old traditions of community-based forest management, they have been less researched in light of adaptive capacity for resilient social-ecological systems. Recent social and ecological disturbances bring about new challenges and/or opportunities to the capacity of forest related communities to adapt to rapidly changing conditions...
October 4, 2016: Environmental Management
Thuong Van Truong, Harry W Palm, Te Quang Bui, Huong Thi Thuy Ngo, Rodney A Bray
A total of 169 specimens of the orange-spotted grouper Epinephelus coioides (Hamilton) were collected from fishermen and marine fish farms in the Gulf of Tonkin, Vietnam. Five different species of Prosorhynchus Odhner, 1905 were recorded, including P. tonkinensis n. sp. The new species differs from all other Prosorhynchus species in the presence of an indented posterior extremity. It can be distinguished from the most closely related P. atlanticus Manter, 1940 and P. crucibulum Rudolphi, 1819 by the extension of the uterus always to the level of the ovary, the width and premouth distance in the former, and the arched vitellarium and smaller egg size in the latter, and a different host and geographical region...
September 22, 2016: Zootaxa
Anil Gungor, Lindsey Pennington, Senthil Sankararaman, Samer Zaid-Kaylani, Majed Aldin Jeroudi
Nasal type extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL) is a rare lymphoma in the USA and Europe but endemic in East Asia and in areas of South and Central America. Clinically natural killer cell lymphomas are divided into three categories; nasal, non-nasal and aggressive lymphoma/leukemia subtypes. ENKTL, nasal type occurs in the nose and can extend to the upper aero-digestive tract as reported in this longitudinal case study. This is a longitudinal report of progress of a 14-year-old boy with ENKTL originating in the nasal cavity with subsequent extension and recurrence in the contralateral nose, nasopharynx, larynx and trachea presenting with varying degrees of respiratory problems and eventually, respiratory distress...
August 12, 2016: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Mohammad Behram Khan, Jonathan Wee Kent Liew, Cherng Shii Leong, Yee-Ling Lau
BACKGROUND: Anopheles mosquitoes transmit malaria which is one of the world's most threatening diseases. Anopheles dirus (sensu stricto) is among the main vectors of malaria in South East Asia. The mosquito innate immune response is the first line of defence against malaria parasites during its development. The immune deficiency (IMD) pathway, a conserved immune signaling pathway, influences anti-Plasmodium falciparum activity in Anopheles gambiae, An. stephensi and An. albimanus. The aim of the study was to determine the role of Rel2, an IMD pathway-controlled NF-kappaβ transcription factor, in An...
September 29, 2016: Parasites & Vectors
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"