keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Taurine AND Review

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330787/acute-impact-of-caffeinated-alcoholic-beverages-on-cognition-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Laurence Lalanne, Pierre-Eric Lutz, François Paille
INTRODUCTION: Energy drinks are popular beverages that are supposed to counteract sleepiness, increase energy, maintain alertness and reduce symptoms of hangover. Cognitive enhancing seems to be related to many compounds such as caffeine, taurine and vitamins. Currently, users mostly combine psychostimulant effects of energy drinks to counteract sedative effects of alcohol. However, recent literature suggests that this combination conducts to feel less intoxicated but still impaired. The goal of the present article is to review cognitive impact and subjective awareness in case of caffeinated alcoholic beverage (CAB) intoxication...
March 19, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276653/the-building-of-the-neocortex-with-non-hyperpolarizing-neurotransmitters
#2
REVIEW
M Ascenzi, G Bony
The development of the neocortex requires the synergic action of several secreted molecules to achieve the right amount of proliferation, differentiation and migration of neural cells. Neurons are well known to release neurotransmitters (NTs) in adult and a growing body of evidences describes the presence of NTs already in the embryonic brain, long before the generation of synapses. NTs are classified as inhibitory or excitatory based on the physiological responses of the target neuron. However, this view is challenged by the fact that glycine and GABA NTs are excitatory during development...
March 9, 2017: Developmental Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249257/therapeutic-mechanisms-of-bile-acids-and-nor-ursodeoxycholic-acid-in-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#3
Daniel Steinacher, Thierry Claudel, Michael Trauner
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is one of the most rapidly rising clinical problems in the 21st century. So far no effective drug treatment has been established to cure this disease. Bile acids (BAs) have a variety of signaling properties, which can be used therapeutically for modulating hepatic metabolism and inflammation. A side-chain shorted derivative of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) is 24 nor-ursodeoxycholic acid (NorUDCA) and it represents a new class of drugs for treatment of liver diseases. NorUDCA has unique biochemical and therapeutic properties, since it is relatively resistant to conjugation with glycine or taurine compared to UDCA...
2017: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109406/salivary-biomarkers-in-the-diagnosis-of-breast-cancer-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Elisa Cançado Porto-Mascarenhas, Daniele Xavier Assad, Hélène Chardin, David Gozal, Graziela De Luca Canto, Ana Carolina Acevedo, Eliete Neves Silva Guerra
Salivary biomarkers could be helpful to characterize breast cancer. Therefore, this review was performed to evaluate the capability of salivary biological markers in the diagnosis and monitoring of breast cancer. Studies were eligible for inclusion if they assessed the potential diagnostic value or other discriminatory properties of biological markers in saliva of patients with breast cancer. The search was performed in six electronic databases (Cochrane, LILACS, PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus, Web of Science)...
February 2017: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019093/creatine-and-creatine-forms-intended-for-sports-nutrition
#5
REVIEW
Susanne Andres, Rainer Ziegenhagen, Iris Trefflich, Sophie Pevny, Katharina Schultrich, Hans Braun, Wilhelm Schänzer, Karen Ildico Hirsch-Ernst, Bernd Schäfer, Alfonso Lampen
Creatine is a popular ergogenic supplement in sports nutrition. Yet, supplementation of creatine occasionally caused adverse effects such as gastrointestinal complaints, muscle cramps and an increase in body weight. Creatine monohydrate has already been evaluated by different competent authorities and several have come to the conclusion that a daily intake of 3 g creatine per person is unlikely to pose safety concerns, focusing on healthy adults with exclusion of pregnant and breastfeeding women. Possible vulnerable subgroups were also discussed in relation to the safety of creatine...
December 25, 2016: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938518/taurine-energy-drinks-and-neuroendocrine-effects
#6
REVIEW
Jonathan J Caine, Thomas D Geracioti
Taurine is an amino acid found abundantly in brain, retina, heart, and reproductive organ cells, as well as in meat and seafood. But it is also a major ingredient in popular "energy drinks," which thus constitute a major source of taurine supplementation. Unfortunately, little is known about taurine's neuroendocrine effects. The authors review the sparse data and provide a basic background on the structure, synthesis, distribution, metabolism, mechanisms, effects, safety, and currently proposed therapeutic targets of taurine...
December 2016: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898998/nutritional-supplementation-for-hip-fracture-aftercare-in-older-people
#7
REVIEW
Alison Avenell, Toby O Smith, James P Curtain, Jenson Cs Mak, Phyo K Myint
BACKGROUND: Older people with hip fractures are often malnourished at the time of fracture, and subsequently have poor food intake. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2000, and previously updated in 2010. OBJECTIVES: To review the effects (benefits and harms) of nutritional interventions in older people recovering from hip fracture. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group Specialised Register, CENTRAL, MEDLINE, MEDLINE In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations, Embase, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, trial registers and reference lists...
November 30, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875962/the-beneficial-effects-of-taurine-to-counteract-sarcopenia
#8
Bianca M Scicchitano, Gigliola Sica
Aging is a multifactorial process characterized by several features including low-grade inflammation, increased oxidative stress and reduced regenerative capacity, which ultimately lead to alteration in morpho-functional properties of skeletal muscle, thus promoting sarcopenia. This condition is characterized by a gradual loss of muscle mass due to an unbalance between protein synthesis and degradation, finally conveying in functional decline and disability. The development of specific therapeutic approaches able to block or reverse this condition may represent an invaluable tool for the promotion of a healthy aging among elderly...
November 22, 2016: Current Protein & Peptide Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813678/animal-proteins-as-important-contributors-to-a-healthy-human-diet
#9
Ibrahim Elmadfa, Alexa L Meyer
Adequate protein intake is critical for health and development. Generally, protein of animal origin is of higher quality for humans owing to its amino acid pattern and good digestibility. When administered in mixtures it can enhance the quality of plant proteins, but its availability is often low in low-income communities, especially in young children, the elderly, and pregnant and lactating women, who have increased requirements and in whom high-quality protein also stimulates (bone) growth and maintenance...
February 8, 2017: Annual Review of Animal Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812832/spectroscopic-analyses-of-2-oxoglutarate-dependent-oxygenases-taud-as-a-case-study
#10
REVIEW
Denis A Proshlyakov, John McCracken, Robert P Hausinger
A wide range of spectroscopic approaches have been used to interrogate the mononuclear iron metallocenter in 2-oxoglutarate (2OG)-dependent oxygenases. The results from these spectroscopic studies have provided valuable insights into the structural changes at the active site during substrate binding and catalysis, thus providing critical information that complements investigations of these enzymes by X-ray crystallography, biochemical, and computational approaches. This mini-review highlights taurine hydroxylase (taurine:2OG dioxygenase, TauD) as a case study to illustrate the wealth of knowledge that can be generated by applying a diverse array of spectroscopic investigations to a single enzyme...
April 2017: Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry: JBIC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757591/acute-effects-of-caffeine-containing-energy-drinks-on-physical-performance-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Diego B Souza, Juan Del Coso, Juliano Casonatto, Marcos D Polito
PURPOSE: Caffeine-containing energy drinks (EDs) are currently used as ergogenic aids to improve physical performance in a wide variety of sport disciplines. However, the outcomes of previous investigations on this topic are inconclusive due to methodological differences, especially, in the dosage of the active ingredients and the test used to assess performance. METHODS: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of published studies to evaluate the effects of acute ED intake on physical performance...
October 18, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686223/body-fluid-levels-of-neuroactive-amino-acids-in-autism-spectrum-disorders-a-review-of-the-literature
#12
REVIEW
Hui-Fei Zheng, Wen-Qiang Wang, Xin-Min Li, Gail Rauw, Glen B Baker
A review of studies on the body fluid levels of neuroactive amino acids, including glutamate, glutamine, taurine, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), glycine, tryptophan, D-serine, and others, in autism spectrum disorders (ASD) is given. The results reported in the literature are generally inconclusive and contradictory, but there has been considerable variation among the previous studies in terms of factors such as age, gender, number of subjects, intelligence quotient, and psychoactive medication being taken...
January 2017: Amino Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679743/myocardial-energetics-and-the-role-of-micronutrients-in-heart-failure-a-critical-review
#13
REVIEW
Ang-Peng Wong, Aleksandra Niedzwiecki, Matthias Rath
Heart failure is a multifactorial disease with poor prognosis. There are many hypotheses regarding the cause of heart failure. Leading among them are the hemodynamic and the neuro-hormonal hypotheses. Although the energy depletion hypothesis has been fairly recent, there is evidence suggesting that declining bioenergy plays a major role in heart failure. This review explored the myocardial energy depletion hypothesis from the role of micronutrients in correcting and alleviating symptoms of heart failure. Even though focus was on key nutrients such as coenzyme Q10, thiamine, riboflavin, L-carnitine, and taurine, emphasis was on the combined effect of multiple micronutrients as a whole...
2016: American Journal of Cardiovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633110/energy-drinks-and-their-impact-on-the-cardiovascular-system-potential-mechanisms
#14
REVIEW
Erik Konrad Grasser, Jennifer Lynn Miles-Chan, Nathalie Charrière, Cathríona R Loonam, Abdul G Dulloo, Jean-Pierre Montani
Globally, the popularity of energy drinks is steadily increasing. Scientific interest in their effects on cardiovascular and cerebrovascular systems in humans is also expanding and with it comes a growing number of case reports of adverse events associated with energy drinks. The vast majority of studies carried out in the general population report effects on blood pressure and heart rate. However, inconsistencies in the current literature render it difficult to draw firm conclusions with regard to the effects of energy drinks on cardiovascular and cerebrovascular variables...
September 2016: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27465721/nutrition-supplements-to-stimulate-lipolysis-a-review-in-relation-to-endurance-exercise-capacity
#15
Jisu Kim, Jonghoon Park, Kiwon Lim
Athletes make great efforts to increase their endurance capacity in many ways. Using nutrition supplements for stimulating lipolysis is one such strategy to improve endurance performance. These supplements contain certain ingredients that affect fat metabolism; furthermore, in combination with endurance training, they tend to have additive effects. A large body of scientific evidence shows that nutrition supplements increase fat metabolism; however, the usefulness of lipolytic supplements as ergogenic functional foods remains controversial...
2016: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27386963/effects-of-energy-drinks-on-economy-and-cardiovascular-measures
#16
Willard W Peveler, Gabe J Sanders, Cecile A Marczinski, Brady Holmer
Peveler, WW, Sanders, GJ, Marczinski, CA, and Holmer, B. Effects of energy drinks on economy and cardiovascular measures. J Strength Cond Res 31(4): 882-887, 2017-The use of energy drinks among athletes has risen greatly. Caffeine and taurine are the 2 primary performance enhancing ingredients found in energy drinks. The number of emergency department visits involving energy drinks doubled over the past 5 years. Reviews of the health complications have highlighted adverse cardiovascular events. The literature reveals that caffeine is known to moderately increase blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR)...
April 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27269202/veterinary-clinical-nutrition-success-stories-an-overview
#17
Mike Davies
In this overview of success stories in veterinary clinical nutrition topics in cats and dogs reviewed include the dietary management of chronic kidney disease, dissolution of urinary tract uroliths by dietary modification, the recognition that taurine and L-carnitine deficiencies can cause dilated cardiomyopathy; that clinical signs associated with feline hyperthyroidism (caused by a benign adenoma) can be controlled by a low-iodine diet alone; that dietary management of canine osteoarthritis can also reduce non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug doses; and that disease-free intervals and survival times can be statistically longer in dogs with Stage III lymphoma managed with diet...
August 2016: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27184279/the-pediatric-methionine-requirement-should-incorporate-remethylation-potential-and-transmethylation-demands
#18
REVIEW
Jason L Robinson, Robert F Bertolo
The metabolic demand for methionine is great in neonates. Indeed, methionine is the only indispensable sulfur amino acid and is required not only for protein synthesis and growth but is also partitioned to a greater extent to transsulfuration for cysteine and taurine synthesis and to >50 transmethylation reactions that serve to methylate DNA and synthesize metabolites, including creatine and phosphatidylcholine. Therefore, the pediatric methionine requirement must accommodate the demands of rapid protein turnover as well as vast nonprotein demands...
May 2016: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27123827/varenicline-in-autism-theory-and-case-report-of-clinical-and-biochemical-changes
#19
Mojdeh Mostafavi, Paul Hardy, L Eugene Arnold
OBJECTIVE: To explore the potential benefits of varenicline (CHANTIX(®)), a highly specific partial agonist of neuronal α4β2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR), for autistic symptoms, and present resulting biochemical changes in light of dopamine-related genotype. METHODS: The clinical and biochemical changes exhibited by a 19-year-old severely autistic man following the use of low-dose varenicline in an ABA experiment of nature, and his genotype, were extracted from chart review...
November 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26918249/the-beneficial-effects-of-taurine-in-preventing-metabolic-syndrome
#20
REVIEW
Wen Chen, Junxia Guo, Yanzhen Zhang, Jing Zhang
Metabolic syndrome, a cluster of risk factors for diabetes and cardiovascular disease, has become a very serious public health concern. A number of studies have provided evidence that taurine has an efficient action against metabolic syndrome, which includes reducing triglycerides to prevent obesity, improving insulin resistance to regulate glucose metabolism, lowering cholesterol (especially decreasing VLDL + LDL cholesterol and increasing HDL cholesterol) to prevent diet-induced hypercholesterolemia, and regulating the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system and the kallikrein-kinin system etc...
April 2016: Food & Function
keyword
keyword
97616
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"