keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

The diffuse endocrine system

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929552/anterior-hypopituitarism-in-a-patient-with-amyloidosis-secondary-to-crohn-s-disease-a-case-report
#1
Natacha Verbeke, Nathalie Pirson, Arnaud Devresse, Raluca Furnica, Thierry Duprez, Dominique Maiter
BACKGROUND: Amyloid infiltration of endocrine glands has been reported, mostly in the thyroid, pancreas, adrenals, and testes, but affected patients do not frequently exhibit overt endocrine insufficiency. Here we report the case of a patient with complete anterior hypopituitarism probably due to a known systemic amyloidosis. CASE PRESENTATION: Our male Caucasian patient was diagnosed with Crohn's disease at the age of 22 years. At the age of 37, he developed secondary renal amyloidosis, which resulted in end-stage renal failure...
June 22, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898522/trace-organic-contaminant-torc-mixtures-in-minnesota-littoral-zones-effects-of-on-site-wastewater-treatment-system-owts-proximity-and-biological-impact
#2
Meaghan E Guyader, Les D Warren, Emily Green, Riley Bertram, Andrew P Proudian, Richard L Kiesling, Heiko L Schoenfuss, Christopher P Higgins
On-site wastewater treatment systems (OWTSs) are an international wastewater management strategy for rural and semi-rural communities without access to centralized sewage treatment. These systems are a suspected source of trace organic contaminants (TOrCs) that may be responsible for endocrine disrupting effects to resident fish species in Minnesota Lakes. This study assessed localized porewater concentrations of TOrCs in near-shore environments across five Minnesota Lakes. Sampling sites were designated as either likely (HOME) or unlikely (REF) to receive OWTS discharges based on their proximity to shoreline households...
June 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779584/imaging-endocrinology-in-animal-models-of-endocrine-disease
#3
REVIEW
Patrice Mollard, Marie Schaeffer
Endocrine organs secrete a variety of hormones involved in the regulation of a multitude of body functions. Although pancreatic islets were discovered at the turn of the 19th century, other endocrine glands remained commonly described as diffuse endocrine systems. Over the last two decades, development of new imaging techniques and genetically-modified animals with cell-specific fluorescent tags or specific hormone deficiencies have enabled in vivo imaging of endocrine organs and revealed intricate endocrine cell network structures and plasticity...
June 2018: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741203/peptide-receptor-radionuclide-therapy-for-advanced-gastroenteropancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumors-from-oncology-perspective
#4
Agnieszka Kolasińska-Ćwikła, Anna Łowczak, Katarzyna Maciejkiewicz Maciejkiewicz, Jarosław Bogdan Ćwikła
Peptide Receptor Radionuclide Therapy (PRRT) is a form of molecular targeted therapy which is performed by using a small peptide (somatostatin analogue - SSA) that is coupled with a radionuclide beta emitting radiation. PRRT is a nuclear medicine for the systemic treatment of non-resectable, metastasized well/moderately differentiated, neuroendocrine tumours (NET) with overexpression of somatostatin receptor. These types of tumours include gastroenteropancreatic neoplasm (GEP-NENs), e.g. arising from the small bowel (often called carcinoid tumours), the pancreas, duodenum or stomach, but also from the large bowel or the lung and many other tissues (so called diffuse neuroendocrine system)...
2018: Nuclear Medicine Review. Central & Eastern Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740273/childhood-emotional-abuse-moderates-associations-among-corticomotor-white-matter-structure-and-stress-neuromodulators-in-women-with-and-without-depression
#5
Carlton P Frost, M Elizabeth Meyerand, Rasmus M Birn, Roxanne M Hoks, Erin C Walsh, Heather C Abercrombie
Adverse caregiving during development can produce long-lasting changes to neural, endocrine, and behavioral responses to stress, and is strongly related to elevated risk of adult psychopathology. While prior experience of adversity is associated with altered sympathetic nervous system (SNS) and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity, the underlying neural pathways are not completely understood. In a double-blind crossover study, we used diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to examine whether variation in white matter structure predicts differences in HPA-SNS interactions as a function of early adversity...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625700/quality-of-life-in-cushing-s-disease-a-long-term-issue
#6
Susan M Webb, Alicia Santos, Eugenia Resmini, Maria-Antonia Martínez-Momblán, Luciana Martel, Elena Valassi
The purpose of this review is to describe how quality of life (QoL) is impaired in patients with hypercortisolism due to Cushing's syndrome of any aetiology, including pituitary-dependent Cushing's disease. It is worse in active disease, but improvement after successful therapy is often incomplete, due to persistent physical and psychological co-morbidities, even years after endocrine "cure". Physical symptoms like extreme fatigability, central obesity with limb atrophy, hypertension, fractures, and different skin abnormalities severely impair the affected patients' everyday life...
June 2018: Annales D'endocrinologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593561/reciprocal-interactions-of-mitochondria-and-the-neuroimmunoendocrine-system-in-neurodegenerative-disorders-an-important-role-for-melatonin-regulation
#7
REVIEW
Victoria O Polyakova, Igor M Kvetnoy, George Anderson, Jessica Rosati, Gianluigi Mazzoccoli, Natalya S Linkova
Structural and functional alterations of mitochondria are intimately linked to a wide array of medical conditions. Many factors are involved in the regulation of mitochondrial function, including cytokines, chaperones, chemokines, neurosteroids, and ubiquitins. The role of diffusely located cells of the neuroendocrine system, including biogenic amines and peptide hormones, in the management of mitochondrial function, as well as the role of altered mitochondrial function in the regulation of these cells and system, is an area of intense investigation...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494916/investigation-and-application-of-diffusive-gradients-in-thin-films-technique-for-measuring-endocrine-disrupting-chemicals-in-seawaters
#8
Huaijun Xie, Qining Chen, Jingwen Chen, Chang-Er L Chen, Juan Du
Endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) can be released to coastal waters and affect the endocrine system of marine organisms. To monitor their levels in seawaters, a simple, robust passive sampling method, the diffusive gradients in thin-films (DGT) technique, was developed with XDA-1 resin as a binding agent. Six EDCs (including three estrogens, two pesticides and bisphenol A) were used to assess the performance of the DGT. The XDA-1 binding gel showed adequate ability for adsorbing EDCs in seawaters. The DGT sampler exhibited linear accumulation for the EDCs during a 15-day deployment and diffusion coefficients and sampling rates were calculated...
June 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489508/ezh2-expression-in-intestinal-neuroendocrine-tumors
#9
Pinuccia Faviana, Riccardo Marconcini, Sergio Ricci, Luca Galli, Piero Lippolis, Fabiola Farci, Maura Castagna, Laura Boldrini
Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) arise from the cells present throughout the diffuse endocrine system. These neoplasms were previously regarded as rare, but in fact are increasing in incidence (3.65/100 000 individuals/y). Enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) plays a crucial role in cell cycle regulation, and it was reported to be overexpressed in several tumors. The aim of the study was to investigate EZH2 expression, also related with proliferation rate, and p53 expression in NETs of the intestine encompassing a group of tumors primary to the stomach, appendix, small intestine, and colon...
February 27, 2018: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423222/clinicopathological-characteristics-of-disseminated-carcinomatosis-of-the-bone-marrow-in-breast-cancer-patients
#10
Yoshiaki Shinden, Keishi Sugimachi, Fumiaki Tanaka, Kenji Fujiyoshi, Yuko Kijima, Shoji Natsugoe, Koshi Mimori
Disseminated carcinomatosis of the bone marrow (DCBM) is characterized by diffuse infiltrative growth of tumor cells in the bone marrow and is associated with systemic hematological disorders. Bone marrow metastases from breast cancer are not rare, and they may lead to serious life-threatening conditions when there is an associated hematological disorder. Therefore, DCBM necessitates a definitive diagnosis and prompt systemic therapy. We herein present 4 such cases and a review of the previous relevant literature...
January 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312650/nanoparticles-and-female-reproductive-system-how-do-nanoparticles-affect-oogenesis-and-embryonic-development
#11
REVIEW
Cong-Cong Hou, Jun-Quan Zhu
Along with the increasing application of nanoparticles (NPs) in many walks of life, environmental exposure to NPs has raised considerable health concerns. When NPs enter a pregnant woman's body through inhalation, venous injection, ingestion or skin permeation, maternal toxic stress reactions such as reactive oxygen species (ROS), inflammation, apoptosis and endocrine dyscrasia are induced in different organs, particularly in the reproductive organs. Recent studies have shown that NPs disturb the developing oocyte by invading the protective barrier of theca cells, granulosa cell layers and zona pellucida...
December 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150864/seeing-is-believing-a-review-of-apheresis-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-ophthalmologic-disease
#12
Brendan C Graham, Jose S Pulido, Jeffrey L Winters
Apheresis procedures have a role in treatment of disparate diseases involving many different organ systems. Often the disease processes where apheresis plays a role in treatment are considered "orphan diseases"-relatively rare disease processes that lack specific pharmaceutical agents or established treatment protocols. Many of these disease processes can affect the eye with devastating results for the eyesight of these patients. The unique ability of apheresis to affect disease by modifying blood plasma and modulating disease-causing agents therein renders apheresis procedures valuable tools in the treatment of certain ophthalmologic diseases...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Apheresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147583/patterns-of-progression-in-metastatic-estrogen-receptor-positive-breast-cancer-an-argument-for-local-therapy
#13
Patrick Kelly, Zhe Ma, Said Baidas, Rebecca Moroose, Nikita Shah, Roi Dagan, Eleftherios Mamounas, Justin Rineer
Purpose: Despite advances in endocrine therapy (ET), metastatic estrogen receptor positive breast cancer (BrCA) remains incurable. Though the mechanisms of resistance to ET have been studied extensively, the anatomic pattern of disease progression remains poorly characterized. The purpose of this study was to characterize the pattern of progression for patients receiving ET for metastatic BrCA. Methods: The records of 108 patients with metastatic BrCA who progressed on ET were reviewed...
2017: International Journal of Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143892/update-in-the-therapy-of-advanced-neuroendocrine-tumors
#14
REVIEW
Inbal Uri, Shani Avniel-Polak, David J Gross, Simona Grozinsky-Glasberg
Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are rare neoplasms, with an estimated annual incidence of ~ 6.9/100,000. NETs arise throughout the body from cells of the diffuse endocrine system. More than half originate from endocrine cells of the gastrointestinal tract and the pancreas, thus being referred to as gastroenteropancreatic NETs (GEP-NETs). The only treatment that offers a cure is surgery; however, most patients are diagnosed with metastatic disease, and curative surgery is usually not an option. These patients can be offered long-term systemic treatment, for both symptomatic relief and tumor growth suppression...
November 16, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992195/neural-versus-gonadal-gnih-are-they-independent-systems-a-mini-review
#15
George E Bentley, Kathryn Wilsterman, Darcy K Ernst, Sharon E Lynn, Molly J Dickens, Rebecca M Calisi, Lance J Kriegsfeld, Daniela Kaufer, Anna C Geraghty, Dax viviD, Nicolette L McGuire, Patricia C Lopes, Kazuyoshi Tsutsui
Based on research in protochordates and basal vertebrates, we know that communication across the first endocrine axes likely relied on diffusion. Because diffusion is relatively slow, rapid responses to some cues, including stress-related cues, may have required further local control of axis outputs (e.g., steroid hormone production by the gonads). Despite the evolution of much more efficient circulatory systems and complex nervous systems in vertebrates, production of many "neuro"transmitters has been identified outside of the hypothalamus across the vertebrate phylogeny and these neurotransmitters are known to locally regulate endocrine function...
December 1, 2017: Integrative and Comparative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807335/recent-updates-on-grading-and-classification-of-neuroendocrine-tumors
#16
REVIEW
Joo Young Kim, Seung-Mo Hong, Jae Y Ro
Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are originating from neuroendocrine cells in diffuse endocrine systems. NETs are diagnosed by characteristic histologic features and immunoprofiles. Recent 2010 WHO classification for gastroenteropancreatic NETs introduced grading system based on mitotic count and Ki-67 proliferation index. Gastroenteropancreatic NETs are classified as NET grade 1, NET grade 2, and neuroendocrine carcinoma (NET grade 3). However, the carcinoid is still used in classification of NETs of the lung and uterine cervix...
August 2017: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794358/the-clinical-and-hormonal-characteristics-of-primary-adrenal-lymphomas-the-necessity-of-early-detection-of-adrenal-insufficiency
#17
Ko Harada, Kosuke Kimura, Masaya Iwamuro, Tomohiro Terasaka, Yoshihisa Hanayama, Eisei Kondo, Eiko Hayashi, Tadashi Yoshino, Fumio Otsuka
Objective To analyze the clinical and endocrine characteristics of patients with primary adrenal lymphoma. Patients We retrospectively reviewed the cases of five patients with primary adrenal lymphoma who were treated in our hospital between April 2004 and March 2015. We investigated the characteristics of the clinical and pathological findings, treatment, prognosis and complications of adrenal insufficiency. Results Adrenal insufficiency, which was confirmed by the laboratory data at the initial presentation, was observed in two cases...
September 1, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723674/nanoparticles-and-female-reproductive-system-how-do-nanoparticles-affect-oogenesis-and-embryonic-development
#18
REVIEW
Cong-Cong Hou, Jun-Quan Zhu
Along with the increasing application of nanoparticles (NPs) in many walks of life, environmental exposure to NPs has raised considerable health concerns. When NPs enter a pregnant woman's body through inhalation, venous injection, ingestion or skin permeation, maternal toxic stress reactions such as reactive oxygen species (ROS), inflammation, apoptosis and endocrine dyscrasia are induced in different organs, particularly in the reproductive organs. Recent studies have shown that NPs disturb the developing oocyte by invading the protective barrier of theca cells, granulosa cell layers and zona pellucida...
July 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698832/acute-inflammatory-response-during-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-for-locally-advanced-breast-cancer-a-case-report
#19
Xiaolan Feng, Tanya Berrang, John Paul McGhie, Peter Watson, R Petter Tonseth, Pauline T Truong
We report on a 56-year-old Caucasian female, diagnosed with locally advanced, hormone-receptor-positive, and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive cancer of the left breast. The patient received neoadjuvant chemotherapy with adriamycin/cyclophosphamide (AC) followed by docetaxel/trastuzumab. A partial clinical and radiographical response was documented after four cycles of AC. Approximately one week after the first cycle of docetaxel and trastuzumab, the patient presented with diffuse edema, erythema, and induration involving the entire left breast...
June 10, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576511/elucidating-opportunities-and-pitfalls-in-the-treatment-of-experimental-traumatic-brain-injury-to-optimize-and-facilitate-clinical-translation
#20
REVIEW
Patricia B de la Tremblaye, Darik A O'Neil, Megan J LaPorte, Jeffrey P Cheng, Joshua A Beitchman, Theresa Currier Thomas, Corina O Bondi, Anthony E Kline
The aim of this review is to discuss the research presented in a symposium entitled "Current progress in characterizing therapeutic strategies and challenges in experimental CNS injury" which was presented at the 2016 International Behavioral Neuroscience Society annual meeting. Herein we discuss diffuse and focal traumatic brain injury (TBI) and ensuing chronic behavioral deficits as well as potential rehabilitative approaches. We also discuss the effects of stress on executive function after TBI as well as the response of the endocrine system and regulatory feedback mechanisms...
February 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
keyword
keyword
97610
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"