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2013: Kidney International Supplements
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2013: Kidney International Supplements
Xu-Jie Zhou, Fu-De Zhou, Su-Xia Wang, Ming-Hui Zhao
RATIONALE: As suggested by the 2012 KDIGO guidelines, persistent elevation of serum creatinine > 3.5 mg/dl (> 309 μmol/l) (or an estimated glomerular filtration rate < 30 ml/min per 1.73 m is one of contradictions for the use of immunosuppressive therapy in membranous nephropathy. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 45-year-old man with membranous nephropathy negative for serum anti-phospholipase-A2-receptor antibody, showed no response to corticosteroids and cyclophosphamide...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Hiroki Niwa, Hirotaka Fukasawa, Kento Ishibuchi, Mai Kaneko, Hideo Yasuda, Ryuichi Furuya
Although the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) guidelines recommend a dialysate calcium concentration between 2.5 and 3.0 mEq/L, its optimal concentration remains unclear. A total of 53 hemodialysis patients with intact parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels <150 pg/mL were enrolled in this prospective observational study. A dialysate calcium concentration was converted from 3.0 to 2.75 mEq/L and bone metabolic markers including bone alkaline phosphatase (BAP) and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase-5b (TRACP-5b) were examined...
June 20, 2018: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
Manuel Gorostidi, Mercedes Sánchez-Martínez, Luis M Ruilope, Auxiliadora Graciani, Juan J de la Cruz, Rafael Santamaría, María D Del Pino, Pilar Guallar-Castillón, Fernando de Álvaro, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo, José R Banegas
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a public health problem worldwide. We aimed to estimate the CKD prevalence in Spain and to examine the impact of the accumulation of cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a nationwide, population-based survey evaluating 11,505 individuals representative of the Spanish adult population. Information was collected through standardised questionnaires, physical examination, and analysis of blood and urine samples in a central laboratory...
June 15, 2018: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
Maria C Haller, Michael Kammer, Rainer Oberbauer
Pre-emptive kidney transplantation is the recommended strategy for patients with end-stage renal failure in all guidelines [Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO), The Australian and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplantation Registry (ANZDATA), European Renal Best Practice Guideline (ERBP), British Transplant Society (BTS)]. This recommendation is intuitive and based on few older studies with considerable limitations. In addition, there is conflicting evidence as to whether the duration of dialysis vintage impacts on graft and patient survival after transplantation...
April 20, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Shi-Min Yuan
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication of pediatric cardiac surgery and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Literature of AKI after pediatric cardiac surgery is comprehensively reviewed in terms of incidence, risk factors, biomarkers, treatment and prognosis. The novel RIFLE (pediatric RIFLE for pediatrics), Acute Kidney Injury Network (AKIN) and Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) criteria have brought about unified diagnostic standards and comparable results for AKI after cardiac surgery...
March 30, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Pratik B Shah, Manpreet Samra, Michelle A Josephson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the studies and practice guidelines on the preeclampsia risks in kidney donors and recipients. RECENT FINDINGS: There is a small increased risk of gestational hypertension and preeclampsia in pregnancies that follow kidney donation. Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) Clinical Practice Guideline (2017) and the 2015 American Society of Transplantation (AST) consensus conference statement recommends counseling kidney donors about this increased risk...
June 8, 2018: Current Hypertension Reports
Julia Hasslacher, Fabian Barbieri, Ulrich Harler, Hanno Ulmer, Lui G Forni, Romuald Bellmann, Michael Joannidis
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of mild therapeutic hypothermia (MTH) on the incidence of and recovery from acute kidney injury (AKI). METHODS: Patients who had undergone successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) were included. Serum creatinine and cystatin C were measured at baseline, daily up to 5 days and at ICU discharge. AKI was defined by the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) criteria. MTH was applied for 24 h targeting a temperature of 33 °C...
June 8, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
H Lee, S Lee, J S Jeon, S H Kwon, H Noh, D C Han, S Yun, D Song
BACKGROUND: The Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) guidelines recommend that T-cell-depleting agents should be used only for kidney transplant (KT) recipients at high immunologic risk. However, the effects of thymoglobulin induction therapy in low-immunologic risk KT recipients on tacrolimus, mycophenolic acid, and steroid have not been elucidated yet. METHODS: We retrospectively collected 6 months postoperative clinical data, for low-immunologic risk KT recipients at Soonchunhyang University Hospital...
June 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
Marco Fiorentino, Fadi A Tohme, Shu Wang, Raghavan Murugan, Derek C Angus, John A Kellum
BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown that long-term survival after acute kidney injury (AKI) is reduced even if there is clinical recovery. However, we recently reported that in septic shock patients those that recover from AKI have survival similar to patients without AKI. Here, we studied a cohort with less severe sepsis to examine the effects of AKI on longer-term survival as a function of recovery by discharge. METHODS: We analyzed patients with community-acquired pneumonia from the Genetic and Inflammatory Markers of Sepsis (GenIMS) cohort...
2018: PloS One
Mohamed A Shalaby, Zinab A Sawan, Esraa Nawawi, Saad Alsaedi, Heidi Al-Wassia, Jameela A Kari
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in neonates admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). AKI is associated with increased morbidity and mortality and a greater long-term risk of chronic kidney disease. OBJECTIVES: To study the incidence and outcome of neonatal AKI in a single Saudi Arabian center, level 2\3 NICU. METHODS: This single-center prospective cohort study included all infants who received level II or III NICU care during 2015 (January to December)...
June 5, 2018: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
Joseph H Marcotte, Kinjal Patel, Ronak Desai, John P Gaughan, Deviney Rattigan, Kevin W Cahill, Robin F Irons, Justin Dy, Monika Dobrowolski, Helena McElhenney, Michael Kwiatt, Steven McClane
PURPOSE: Fluid management within Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocols is designed to maintain a euvolemic state avoiding the negative sequelae of hypervolemia or hypovolemia. We sought to determine the effect of a recent ERAS protocol implementation on kidney function and on the incidence of postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI). METHODS: A total of 132 elective colorectal resections performed using our ERAS protocol were compared to a propensity-matched group prior to ERAS implementation...
May 28, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Min Suk Chae, Youngchan Kim, Hyun Sik Chung, Chul Soo Park, Jaemin Lee, Jong Ho Choi, Sang Hyun Hong
Introduction: Previous studies have shown that a higher serum interleukin- (IL-) 6 level is associated with a higher risk of acute kidney injury (AKI) development after major nontransplant surgery. Our study investigated the potential association of preoperative serum cytokine profiles with new AKI development in patients who underwent living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). Methods: Serum levels of cytokines IL-2, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12, and IL-17, interferon- γ , and tumor necrosis factor- (TNF-) α were measured in 226 LDLT recipients preoperatively and analyzed retrospectively...
2018: Mediators of Inflammation
Marzia Pasquali, Antonio Bellasi, Giuseppe Cianciolo, Carlo Massimetti, Maria Cristina Mereu, Luigi Morrone, Vincenzo Panuccio
Guidelines for the assessment, diagnosis and therapy of the alterations that characterize the CKD-MBD are an important support in the clinical practice of the nephrologist. Compared to the KDIGO guidelines published in 2009, the 2017 update made changes on some topics on which there was previously no strong evidence both in terms of diagnosis and therapy. The recommendations include the diagnosis of bone anomalies in CKD-MBD and the treatment of mineral metabolism abnormalities with particular regard to hyperphosphataemia, calcium levels, secondary hyperparathyroidism and anti-resorptive therapies...
May 2018: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
Cédrick Zaouter, Julien Potvin, Marie-Lise Bats, Marie-Christine Beauvieux, Alain Remy, Alexandre Ouattara
BACKGROUND: Cardiac surgery-associated acute kidney injury (CSA-AKI) is a frequent complication. The current criteria to detect CSA-AKI rise only when organic dysfunction has occurred. The Doppler Renal Resistive Index (RRI) and the urinary G1 cell cycle arrest proteins (TIMP-2 and IGFBP7) have been advocated to predict CSA-AKI at an early stage after cardiac surgery. The primary objective was to determine the predictive value of these new markers to detect CSA-AKI after elective heart surgery in patients at risk to develop AKI...
May 17, 2018: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
Jessica L Michal, Saira Rab, Manish Patel, Alison Kyle, Lesley Miller, Kirk A Easley, Aley Kalapila
Background Ledipasvir/sofosbuvir (LDV/SOF), an antiviral treatment for hepatitis C virus (HCV), and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF), an antiretroviral for treating human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), may be co-administered in patients co-infected with these viruses. A drug interaction between LDV and TDF could increase TDF-associated nephrotoxicity rates; however, there is minimal clinical evidence describing acute kidney injury (AKI) rates in this population. Setting This study was conducted at a Ryan White-funded facility in Atlanta, Georgia, that cares for over 5,000 patients with AIDS...
May 16, 2018: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
Sidharth K Sethi, Veena Raghunathan, Shilpi Shah, Maninder Dhaliwal, Pranaw Jha, Maneesh Kumar, Sravanthi Paluri, Shyam Bansal, Maroun J Mhanna, Rupesh Raina
Objectives: We investigated the association of fluid overload and oxygenation in critically sick children, and their correlation with various outcomes (duration of ventilation, ICU stay, and mortality). We also assessed whether renal angina index (RAI) at admission can predict mortality or acute kidney injury (AKI) on day 3 after admission. Design and setting: Prospective study, pediatric intensive care in a tertiary hospital. Duration: June 2013-June 2014. Patients: Patients were included if they needed invasive mechanical ventilation for >24 h and had an indwelling arterial catheter...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
J W Han, J T Liu, P L Ma
To investigate the sources of inconsistent findings between two randomized control trials["initiation strategies for renal-replacement therapy in the intensive care unit"(AKIKI trial) vs"effect of early vs delayed initiation of renal replacement therapy on mortality in critically ill patients with acute kidney injury"(ELAIN trial) ], regarding"timing of renal replacement therapy (RRT) on mortality in patients with acute kidney injury (AKI). By reanalysis of the published data, it was found that demographics, severity of primary disease and stage of AKI before initiation of RRT were quite different between AKIKI and ELAIN trials...
May 1, 2018: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
M Schmitz, M Joannidis, D Czock, S John, A Jörres, S J Klein, M Oppert, V Schwenger, J Kielstein, A Zarbock, D Kindgen-Milles, C Willam
BACKGROUND: Regional citrate anticoagulation (RCA) in continuous renal replacement therapy can effectively anticoagulate dialysis circuits without having adverse effects on systemic heparin application. In particular, in continuous renal replacement therapy RCA is well established and represents a safe procedure with longer filter lifetimes and fewer bleeding complications. OBJECTIVES: To provide guidance on the indications, advantages and disadvantages, and use of RCA, current recommendations from the renal section of the DGIIN (Deutschen Gesellschaft für Internistische Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin), ÖGIAIN (Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Internistische und Allgemeine Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin) and DIVI (Deutschen Interdisziplinären Vereinigung für Intensiv- und Notfallmedizin) are stated...
May 8, 2018: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
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