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holiday segar

Jochen M Strauß, Robert Sümpelmann
The more than 50 years ago of Holiday and Segar created fundamentals of fluid therapy with sodium hypotonic solutions require revision. Hypotonic electrolyte solutions should not be longer used perioperatively. To maintain the water balance in the perioperative phase stable, children need balanced electrolyte solutions, corresponding to the composition of the extracellular space. Routine glucose supply is not required, only children with an increased risk of hypoglycemia, such as newborns, need a supply of glucose as well as a monitoring of serum glucose...
April 2013: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
J M Moreno Villares, C Fernández-Shaw, P Gomis Muñoz, M A Valero Zanuy, M León Sanz
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric parenteral nutrition (PN) in Spain has traditionally been prescribed and made up on an individual basis. This practice entails daily indication of the quantity of each of the components of the PN bag as well as precise calculations for its formulation and preparation. The main advantages of individualized prescriptions are their flexibility and precise biochemical control. The aim of this study was to determine whether pediatric PN can be standardized in a tertiary care hospital...
July 2002: Anales Españoles de Pediatría
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